英 [‘bætl]     美 [‘bætl]    
n. 战斗;争斗
v. 与 … 作战;与 … 竞争

名词: battler 过去式: battled 过去分词: battled 现在分词: battling 第三人称单数: battles

battle 高中必修500 全国卷频次:10 教材出处:译林版必修B1U2
n.&v. battles 1 battles 0 battling 0 battled 1
战役,战斗 & 奋争,与…作战
Before long his father was killed in a battle.
Few of us are asked to make great decisions about nations going to war or armies going to battle.
The battle didn’t last long.
On the morning of May 27, the last battle was fought.
The most important reasons for such a visit is to realize how our ancestors battled nature with the basic tools they had.
Matilda’s battles with her cruel parents and the bossy headmistress, Miss Trunchbull, are equally funny and frightening.

in battle 在战斗中;在战争中
half the battle 有助于成功的条件;成功一半
battle with 与…战斗
battle against 斗争;与…战斗
battle for 为……斗争
battle it out 打出胜负,奋力争夺
battle field 战场
battle line 战线;主战部队
battle effectiveness n. 战斗力
losing battle 必败之仗
battle cry 呐喊;战斗口号;标语(体育竞赛中)
battle group 战斗群
battle of life 生存的斗争
have the battle 战胜
give battle 挑战
battle royal 混战;激战;激烈的争论
battle of britain 不列颠之战(1940年7至10月英德空军的一系列战斗);伦敦上空的鹰(电影名称)
pitched battle 激战
fall in battle 阵亡
give the battle v. 认输;打败仗


戰役,戰鬥;鬥爭v.戰鬥,鬥爭,搏鬥The pattern of the battery doesn’t matter to the battle against the little brittle cattle.電池的式樣對與脆小牛作戰無關要緊.

bat·tle / 5bAtl /
1. [C, U] a fight between armies, ships or planes, especially during a war; a violent fight between groups of people
the battle of Waterloo
to be killed in battle
a gun battle
⇨ see also pitched battle
2. [C] ~ (with sb) (for sth) a competition, an argument or a struggle between people or groups of people trying to win power or control
a legal battle for compensation
a battle with an insurance company
a battle of wits (= when each side uses their ability to think quickly to try to win)
a battle of wills (= when each side is very determined to win)
⇨ note at campaign
3. [C, usually sing.] ~ (against / for sth) a determined effort that sb makes to solve a difficult problem or succeed in a difficult situation
her long battle against cancer
to fight an uphill battle against prejudice
a battle for survival
▪ the battle lines are ‘drawn
used to say that people or groups have shown which side they intend to support in an argument or contest that is going to begin
▪ do ‘battle (with sb) (over sth)
to fight or argue with sb
▪ half the ‘battle
the most important or difficult part of achieving sth
⇨ more at fight v., join v.
~ (with / against sb / sth) (for sth) to try very hard to achieve sth difficult or to deal with sth unpleasant or dangerous
▪ [V] She’s still battling with a knee injury.
Both teams battled hard.
The ten leaders are battling for control of the government.
I had to battle hard just to stay afloat.
▪ [VN] The ten sides will battle it out in the final next week.
(NAmE) He battled cancer for five years.

battle1 /ˈbætl/ ●●● W2 noun [countable] 1  FIGHT 打仗 a fight between opposing armies, groups of ships, groups of people etc, especially one that is part of a larger war 〔尤指大型战争中的〕战斗,战役
the Battle of Trafalgar
in battle
Her son was killed in battle.
into battle
a knight riding into battle
battle between
battles between government forces and the rebels
a pitched battle (=a long and serious battle) between police and drug gangs
► see thesaurus at war
2  COMPETITION/ARGUMENT 竞争/争论 a situation in which opposing groups or people compete or argue with each other when trying to achieve success or control 较量,竞争,斗争;争论
a long-running legal battle
battle for
a battle for custody of their children
battle between
a fierce ratings battle between rival TV stations
battle with
an ongoing battle with my mother about eating properly
3  CHANGE BAD SITUATION 改变境遇 an attempt to solve a difficult problem or change an unpleasant situation 奋斗,抗争
battle against
a battle against the racism of the school system
battle with
a long battle with lung cancer
battle for
Scientology has fought long battles for acceptance as a religion.
4  be half the battle to be a difficult or important part of what you have to do 是(完成某事)的关键(最艰难阶段)
Just getting an interview is half the battle.
5  a battle of wits a situation in which opposing sides try to win by using their intelligence 智慧的较量,斗智
A good mystery story is a battle of wits between author and reader.
6  battle of wills a situation in which opposing sides refuse to change what they want, in the hope that the other side will decide to change first 意志的较量
a battle of wills between teacher and student
7  do battle (with somebody) to argue with someone or fight against someone (与某人)争论[斗争] She walked into the room with her eyes blazing, ready to do battle.
8  fight your own battles to argue with someone, or compete in a difficult situation, without having help from other people – used to show approval 独力应付挑战〔含褒义〕
It’s all right, Mum. I can fight my own battles.
9. the battle of the sexes the relationship between men and women when it is considered as a fight for power 两性的较量〔指争夺权力〕
10. the battle of the bulge the act of trying to lose weight – used humorously 反肥战,减肥之战〔幽默用法〕
 COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 3: an attempt to solve a difficult problem or change an unpleasant situation 奋斗,抗争
Related topics: Military
battle2 ●○○ verb
1  [intransitive, transitive] to try very hard to achieve something that is difficult or dangerous (与…)斗争,(与…)搏斗
2  battle it out to keep fighting or opposing each other until one person or team wins 决一胜负
3. [intransitive] literary to take part in a fight or war 参战,作战
Origin battle1 (1200-1300) Old French bataille, from Late Latin battalia “fighting”, from Latin battuere “to hit”

battle ★★★★☆
1.N-VAR 可变名词战役;战斗 A battle is a violent fight between groups of people, especially one between military forces during a war.
…the victory of King William III at the Battle of the Boyne.


…after a gun battle between police and drug traffickers.


…men who die in battle.


2.N-COUNT 可数名词(为争取成功或控制权的)斗争,冲突 A battle is a conflict in which different people or groups compete in order to achieve success or control.

【搭配模式】:usu with supp
…a renewed political battle over Britain’s attitude to Europe.


…the eternal battle between good and evil in the world.


…a macho battle for supremacy…


He was appalled to discover members of the board fighting damaging personal battles.


3.N-COUNT 可数名词(在艰难环境中的)奋争,斗争 You can use battle to refer to someone’s efforts to achieve something in spite of very difficult circumstances.

【搭配模式】:usu sing
…the battle against crime…


She has fought a constant battle with her weight…


Greg lost his brave battle against cancer two years ago.


4.V-RECIP 相互动词与…抗争;与…搏斗;同…作战 To battle with an opposing group means to take part in a fight or contest against them. In American English, you can also say that one group or person is battling another.

【语法信息】:V with/against n

【语法信息】:pl-n V

【语法信息】:V n

【语法信息】:Also pl-n V to-inf
Thousands of people battled with police and several were reportedly wounded…


The sides must battle again for a quarter-final place on December 16…


They’re also battling the government to win compensation.


5.VERB 动词奋战;(与…)搏斗(在英国英语中用battle against something或with something,在美国英语中用battle something) To battle means to try hard to do something in spite of very difficult circumstances. In British English, you battle against something or with something. In American English, you battle something.

【语法信息】:V to-inf

【语法信息】:V with/against/through n

【语法信息】:V n
Doctors battled throughout the night to save her life.


…a lone yachtsman returning from his months of battling with the elements…


In Wyoming, firefighters are still battling the two blazes.


If anyone can do it, he can. He’s a battler and has a strong character.


6.See also:pitched battle;running battle;
7.PHR-RECIP 相互短语作战;交战;竞争 If one person or group does battle with another, they take part in a battle or contest against them. You can also say that two people or groups do battle .

【搭配模式】:V inflects
…the notorious Montonero guerrilla group who did battle with the army during the dirty war…


This March, a British and an American company will do battle in the High Court over the right to press compact discs.


8.PHRASE 短语成功的一半;成功的重要条件 If you say that something is half the battle, you mean that it is the most important step towards achieving something.

【搭配模式】:usu v-link PHR
Choosing the right type of paint for the job is half the battle.


9.PHRASE 短语战线已划定;对垒之势已成 If you say that the battle lines are drawn between opposing groups or people, you mean that they are ready to start fighting or arguing, and that it has become clear what the main points of conflict or disagreement will be.

【搭配模式】:V inflects
The battle lines were drawn after the government refused to budge from its final offer.


10.PHRASE 短语作无望成功的尝试 If you are fighting a losing battle, you are trying to achieve something but are not going to be successful.

【搭配模式】:V inflects
The crew fought a losing battle to try to restart the engines.


…on a day when the sun is fighting a losing battle against the lowering clouds.


11.PHR-RECIP 相互短语一决胜负;一决高低 If one group or person battles it out with another, they take part in a fight or contest against each other until one of them wins or a definite result is reached. You can also say that two groups or two people battle it out .

【搭配模式】:V inflects
In the Cup Final, Leeds battled it out with the old enemy, Manchester United…


Barbados could have three new political parties battling it out in the next General Election.


12.PHRASE 短语虽败犹胜/ 虽胜犹败 If you say that someone has lost the battle ,but won the war, you mean that although they have been defeated in a small conflict they have won a larger, more important one of which it was a part. If you say that someone has won the battle but lost the war, you mean that they have won the small conflict but lost the larger one.

【搭配模式】:Vs and battle inflect
The strikers may have won the battle, but they lost the war.


考验意志的持久战 A battle of wills is a situation that involves people who try to defeat each other by refusing to change their own aims or demands and hoping that their opponents will weaken first.
The President offered compromises to parliament to defuse the battle of wills over who should wield power.


14.PHRASE 短语智慧的较量;斗智 If you refer to a situation as a battle of wits, you mean that it involves people with opposing aims who compete with each other using their intelligence, rather than force.

【搭配模式】:battle inflects
With chess you’re involved in a battle of wits from start to finish.


1 battle /ˈbætl̟/ noun
plural battles
a : a military fight between groups of soldiers, ships, airplanes, etc.战斗;战役
[count] That two-day conflict has become one of the most famous battles in history.
The battle continued late into the night.
the battle of Gettysburg
[noncount] The men never spoke of the difficulties of battle. [=war] 士兵们绝口不谈战争的艰苦。
Hundreds of dead soldiers lay on the field of battle. [=the battlefield] 数百名将士陈尸疆场。
the brave warriors who died/fell in battle [=while fighting in a war] 在战斗中英勇献身的战士
Thousands of soldiers were willing to go into battle to fight the enemy.
b [count] : a violent fight in which people use weapons械斗
A police officer was injured in a gun battle that took place last night.
[count] a : a fight between people or groups in which each side tries to win a contest (such as a game or an election) or to gain control of something (such as a company)竞赛;较量;争夺
The divorced couple is now in a fierce custody battle over their son. [=a legal fight about who their son will live with] 这对离婚夫妇现在正在激烈争夺对儿子的监护权。
The company was involved in a legal battle with/against one of its employees.
He has been engaged in a running battle [=a fight or disagreement that continues for a long time] with the government over the amount of money he owes in taxes.
— often + for
They are engaged in a battle for the presidency. [=a fight to win an election and become the president] 他们加入到总统的选战当中。
a battle for control of the land
— often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式
a battle to control the land
◊ A battle of wits is a contest in which each side tries to win by being smarter or cleverer than the other side.智力竞赛;智斗
In this movie, it’s a battle of wits as the bank robbers try to outsmart the city’s detectives.
◊ A battle of wills is a contest in which each side tries to win by refusing to stop trying.意志的较量
The workers’ strike became a difficult battle of wills between the company and the labor union.
b : a fight between two different or opposite forces斗争
the never-ending battle between/of good and evil
The comedy is a classic treatment of the battle of the sexes. [=the struggle for power between women and men] 这部喜剧是描述男女之间权力争夺的经典之作。
[count] : a long struggle to succeed or survive during a difficult situation抗争;拼搏;奋斗
Last year, he lost his 10-year battle with/against AIDS. [=he died of AIDS after being sick with the disease for 10 years] 去年,在与艾滋病抗争了10年之后,他与世长辞了。
Starting her own business has proven to be an uphill battle. [=a very difficult struggle] 开创自己的事业对她来说是一场异常艰苦的奋斗。
◊ If you are involved in a losing battle you are trying to do something with little or no chance of success.毫无希望;徒劳无功
I tried to get him to change his mind, but it was a losing battle. [=he refused to change his mind] 我想方设法让他改变主意,但却是白费口舌。
She tried to stay awake but it was a losing battle.
a gardener fighting a losing battle against weeds
do battle
: to fight or struggle斗争;战斗
political opponents who have been doing battle [=battling] for years
— usually + with
political opponents who have been doing battle with each other for years
soldiers doing battle with the enemy
half the battle
: an important and necessary part of doing or achieving something成功的关键
When you’re opening a new restaurant, good advertising is half the battle.
— often used with words like only and just to stress that something is not enough by itself to achieve a desired goal常与only、just等词连用,强调仅靠某物不足以实现预定目标
If you want a career in show business, having talent is only half the battle—you also need to be lucky.
in the heat of (the) battle
: while fighting in a battle激战中
The soldier became confused in the heat of battle.
— often used figuratively常用作比喻
He apologized to his wife for the angry things he had said to her in the heat of battle. [=while they were arguing] 他为自己在争执中所说的气话向妻子道歉。
join battle
— see join
2 battle /ˈbætl̟/ verb
battles; battled; battling
[no object] : to fight with weapons作战;战斗
The army battled for control of the bridge.
The battling armies agreed to a truce.
[no object] a : to try or struggle very hard to do something拼搏;奋斗
The team battled [=fought] bravely to win their last game.
They battled [=struggled] to keep their son out of jail.
: to struggle or fight for something为…斗争;争夺
The two families have battled for control of the land for many years.
b : to fight or argue with someone over something争吵;争论
The couple battled fiercely over how to spend their money.
[+ object] a : to fight, compete, or argue with (someone or something)和…作战;和…斗争
The two teams are set to battle each other for the championship.
Members of both parties continue to battle the governor over her policies.
b : to try to stop or defeat (something)阻止;打败
Hundreds of firefighters came to help battle the forest fire.
People often need help battling their drug and alcohol problems.
She’s been battling cancer for 10 years.
battling the forces of evil
battle it out
: to argue or fight打出胜负;决一雌雄;战斗到底
People were battling it out [=fighting it out] over parking spaces.
The two sides are now battling it out in the courtroom.

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