conj. 在 … 以后
prep. 在 … 之后；在后面；关于；追赶；依照
after 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:309
在后，后来 & 在…之后，在…后面 & 在…以后
They found they loved talking to people along the way and wanted to continue talking with strangers after their return.
In that small inn in New Jersey, no meals were served after seven.
Even after all these years, I want to get better and better.
After staying overnight in London, we travel on Day 2 to northern France to visit the World War I battlefields.
Week after week he had to perform lab experiments with answers already known.
Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Garza finally say yes.
After all, it had taken 15 years to persuade her to buy an electric cooker.
People after end up living here longer than they planned.
After some of the causes of their poor reading were discovered, they were given special instruction and practice in reading.
after all 毕竟；终究
go after 追求，追逐
ever after 从此以后一直
after hours adv. 下班；工作完毕后
在…以後;在…後面adv.以後,後來After graduation, he went to Michigan.畢業後他去了密歇根.
- after, at, by, for, from, over, with, through
- 1.at多接抽象名词; 而by多接具体名词。
- 2.这两个词都有“按…计算”的意思,不过by用于英式英语; at用于美式英语。
- after, behind
- after往往表示时间的先后; behind多表示位置或方向的先后,与动态动词连用时表示运动方向。
- after, beyond
- 1.after表示发生在某事或某时〔点,段〕之后,可以是紧接,也可以是不紧接; 而beyond有发生于原定的或惯常的时间之后的意味。
- 2.在美国, after可表示“已过几点”或“几点以后”; 而beyond没有这种用法。
- after, despite, for, notwithstanding, with
- 这几个词均可表示“让步”。after表示“让步”时在大多数情况下要和all连用,意思是“经过一切…之后,仍然…”; despite和in spite of具有相同的意思,但despite是正式用语,且语气较强; for表示“让步”时,其意思和用法与with基本相同,表示有保留的或未起作用的理由、原因,有“虽然…还是…”“尽管…仍然…”的意思,它们一般用于口语中,而且都必须和all连用,出现在句首; notwithstanding是正式用语,表示“让步”的语气较弱,其宾语往往是表示难度较小的障碍的名词,它引导的短语可以置于句首,亦可置于句中或句末,有时还可置于它引导的短语之后。
- after, in, since
- after可表示从过去时间算起的一段时间之后,往往与过去时态连用（若接表示时间点的词，也可与将来时态连用）; in则表示从现在时间算起推移到将来的一段时间之后,一般与将来时态连用; since所表示的时间往往是从过去某一点时间一直延续到说话的时间,因而一般与完成时态连用。
- after, past, to
- 这三个词均可表示钟点。表示在30分钟之内时可以用after或past,但前者一般用于美式英语,而后者在美式英语和英式英语中通用; 在表示超过30分钟时要用to,其后接下一个钟点。
- after time, after a time
- after time的意思是“迟到”“超过规定时间”，而after a time的意思则是“过了一段时间”。
- after，behind，at the back of
- at the back of这个前置词短语既可指具体的位置的先后，又可用于指抽象的概念。
1. later than sth; following sth in time
We’ll leave after lunch.
They arrived shortly after 5.
他们是在 5 点钟刚过到达的。
Not long after that he resigned.
Let’s meet the day after tomorrow / the week after next.
After winning the prize she became famous overnight.
After an hour I went home (= when an hour had passed).
(NAmE) It’s two after eight in the morning (= 7.10 a.m.)
2. … after… used to show that sth happens many times or continuously
day after day of hot weather
I’ve told you time after time not to do that.
⇨ see also one after another at six
3. behind sb when they have left; following sb
Shut the door after you.
I’m always having to clean up after the children (= clean the place after they have left it dirty and untidy).
He ran after her with the book.
She was left staring after him.
4. next to and following sb / sth in order or importance
Your name comes after mine in the list.
He’s the tallest, after Richard.
After you (= Please go first).
After you with the paper. (= Can I have it next?)
5. in contrast to sth
It was pleasantly cool in the house after the sticky heat outside.
6. as a result of or because of sth that has happened
I’ll never forgive him after what he said.
7. despite sth; although sth has happened
I can’t believe she’d do that, not after all I’ve done for her.
8. trying to find or catch sb / sth
The police are after him.
He’s after a job at our place.
9. about sb / sth
She asked after you (= how you were).
10. in the style of sb / sth; following the example of sb / sth
a painting after Goya
We named the baby ‘Ena’ after her grandmother.
11. after- (in adjectives 构成形容词) happening or done later than the time or event mentioned
after-hours drinking (= after closing time)
an after-school club
▪ 7after ‘all
1. despite what has been said or expected
So you made it after all!
2. used when you are explaining sth, or giving a reason
He should have paid. He suggested it, after all.
▪ be after doing sth
1. to be going to do sth soon; to be intending to do sth soon
2. to have just done sth
at a time later than sth; when sth has finished
I’ll call you after I’ve spoken to them.
Several years after they’d split up they met again by chance in Paris.
later in time; afterwards
That was in 1996. Soon after, I heard that he’d died.
那是在 1996 年。不久以后我听说他死了。
I could come next week, or the week after.
And they all lived happily ever after.
[only before noun] (old use) following; later
in after years
1 when a particular event or time has happened, or when someone has done something 〔时间上〕在…后 OPP before
After the war many soldiers stayed in France.
I go swimming every day after work.
Do you believe in life after death?
The first attack started just after midnight.
David went to bed straight after (=immediately after) supper.
After you’d called the police, what did you do?
Zimmerman changed his name after he left Germany.
People still remember the 1958 revolution and what came after (=happened after it).
after doing something
After leaving school, Mackay worked in a restaurant for a year.
two days/three weeks etc after (something)
Ten years after he bought the painting, Carswell discovered that it was a fake.
the day/week/year etc after (something) (=the next day, week etc) （某事）发生后的第二天/周/年等
His car was outside your house the morning after Bob’s engagement party.
I’ll see you again tomorrow or the day after.
She retired from politics the year after she received the Nobel Prize.
soon/not long/shortly after (something)
Not long after the wedding, his wife became ill.
The family moved to Hardingham in June 1983, and Sarah’s first child was born soon after.
2 when a particular amount of time has passed 〔一段时间〕以后 OPP before
After ten minutes remove the cake from the oven.
You’ll get used to it after a while.
After months of negotiation, an agreement was finally reached.
3 following someone or something else in a list or a piece of writing, or in order of importance 〔在清单或一段文字中，或指主次顺序〕在…之后
Whose name is after yours on the list?
The date should be written after the address.
After football, tennis is my favourite sport.
The UK is the world’s third largest arms producer, after the USA and Russia.
4 American English used when telling the time to say how many minutes have passed since a particular hour 〔整点〕过〔几分〕 SYN British English past
5 day after day/year after year etc continuously for a very long time 日复一日/年复一年等
7 when someone has left a place or has finished doing something 在〔某人离开某地或做完某事〕后
8 because of something that happened earlier 由于；既然
9 in spite of something that was done in the past 尽管，虽然
10 when you have passed a particular place or travelled a certain distance along a road 过〔某地或某段路〕以后
11 be after somebody/something
12 one after another/one after the other if a series of events or actions happen one after another, each one happens soon after the previous one 一个接一个
13 after all
14 especially British English used to say who or what first had the name that someone or something has been given 以…命名
15 formal in the same style as a particular painter, musician etc 具有…的风格，模仿
16 → a man/woman after my own heart at heart1(22), → take after at take1
after2 adjective [only before noun] 1. in after years literary in the years after the time that has been mentioned 在后来的年月里
2. technical in the back part of a boat or an aircraft 〔船或飞机〕后部的
after- /ɑːftə $ æftər/ prefix
coming or happening afterwards 在…以后（的） OPP pre-
an after-dinner speech
Origin after1 Old English æfter
In addition to the uses shown below, after is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘ask after’, ‘look after’, and ‘take after’.
除下列用法外，after还可用于ask after，look after, take after等短语动词中。
1.PREP 介词在（时间、事件）以后 If something happens after a particular date or event, it happens during the period of time that follows that date or event.
After 19 May, strikes were occurring on a daily basis…
After breakfast Amy ordered a taxi…
It wasn’t until after Christmas that I met Paul.
After is also a conjunction.
After Don told me this, he spoke of his mother…
Marina cared for him after he seriously injured his eye several years ago.
2.PREP 介词…之后（指做事的先后顺序） If you do one thing after doing another, you do it during the period of time that follows the other thing.
After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope provided.
…women who have changed their mind after deciding not to have children…
After flying from Los Angeles to London, allow four full days to adjust.
3.PREP 介词（时间）在…后 You use after when you are talking about time. For example, if something is going to happen during the day after or the weekend after a particular time, it is going to happen during the following day or during the following weekend.
【搭配模式】：n PREP n
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
She’s leaving the day after tomorrow.
…the party’s annual conference, to be held the week after next.
After is also an adverb.
Tomorrow. Or the day after.
4.PREP 介词随…之后；跟在…之后 If you go after someone, you follow or chase them.
He walked out, and Louise went after him.
…people who were after him for large amounts of money.
5.PREP 介词追求；搜寻 If you are after something, you are trying to get it.
They were after the money…
I did eventually find what I was after.
6.PREP 介词朝着（正离去之人喊叫或注视） If you call, shout, or stare after someone, you call, shout, or stare at them as they move away from you.
‘Come back!’ he called after me…
Claire stared after him until he disappeared around a corner.
7.PREP 介词为，替（某人做某事） If you do something after someone, you do it for them, because they cannot or will not do it for themselves.
She used to mess up the floor and I had to clean up after her.
8.PREP 介词过了（某地）以后 If you tell someone that one place is a particular distance after another, you mean that it is situated beyond the other place and further away from you.
A few kilometres after the village, turn right to Montelabate.
9.PREP 介词（写）在…后面（或下面） If one thing is written after another thing on a page, it is written following it or underneath it.
I wrote my name after Penny’s.
10.PREP 介词（重要性）仅次于，低于 You use after in order to give the most important aspect of something when comparing it with another aspect.
After Germany, America is Britain’s second-biggest customer…
Methane is often regarded as the second most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide.
11.PREP 介词依照，按照（某人的名字命名） To be named after someone means to be given the same name as them.
Phillimore Island is named after Sir Robert Phillimore…
He persuaded Virginia to name the baby after him.
in AM, use 美国英语用 for
12.CONVENTION 惯用语（走路或出入门口时的礼貌用语）您先请 If you say ‘after you’ to someone, you are being polite and allowing them to go in front of you or through a doorway before you do.
‘After you.’ — ‘Not at all, Mr Bird, after you.’
13.PREP 介词（…点）过（…分） After is used when telling the time. If it is, for example, ten after six, the time is ten minutes past six.
14. after all→see: all;
Usage Note :
You use after, afterwards, and later to talk about things that happen following the time when you are speaking, or following a particular event. Expressions such as ‘not long’ and ‘shortly’ can also be used with after. After dinner she spoke to him… I returned to England after visiting India… Shortly after, she called me. Afterwards can be used when you do not need to mention the particular time or event. Afterwards we went to a night club. You can also use words such as ‘soon’ and ‘shortly’ with afterwards. Soon afterwards, he came to the clinic. You can use later to refer to a time or situation that follows the time when you are speaking. I’ll go and see her later. ‘A little’, ‘much’, and ‘not much’ can also be used with later. A little later, the lights went out… I learned all this much later. You can use after, afterwards, or later following a phrase that mentions a period of time, in order to say when something happens. five years after his death … She wrote about it six years afterwards … Ten minutes later he left the house.
after, afterwards和later都用于谈论晚于说话时间或某事之后发生的事情。not long，shortly等表达方式也可与after连用。例如：After dinner she spoke to him（饭后她对他说话了），I returned to England after visiting India（印度之行结束后我回到了英格兰），Shortly after, she called me（之后不久，她给我打了电话）。无需提及具体时间或事件时，可用afterwards：Afterwards we went to a night club（后来我们去了一家夜总会）。afterwards也可与soon，shortly等词连用：Soon afterwards, he came to the clinic（过了不久，他来到了诊所）。later可用于指说话时间之后的时间或情况。例如，I’ll go and see her later（我过阵子会去看她）。a little, much和not much也可与later连用。例如，A little later, the lights went out（过了一会儿，灯灭了），I learned all this much later（很久以后我才得知了这一切）。after, afterwards和later可用于表示一段时间的短语后面，指某事发生的时间：five years after his death（他去世5年之后），She wrote about it six years afterwards（6年之后她撰文谈起了此事），Ten minutes later he left the house（10分钟之后他离开了那座房子）。
15.PHRASE 短语一个接一个地；接连地 If you do something to several things one after the other or one after another, you do it to one, then the next, and so on, with no break between your actions.
Sybil ate three biscuits, one after the other…
Caroline was trying on one outfit after another.
16.PHRASE 短语日复一日/年复一年 If something happens day after day or year after year, it happens every day or every year, for a long time.
I waited for news, day after day, expecting to hear.
…people who’d been coming here year after year.
: following in time : at a later time以后；后来
Dinner was at six and we arrived shortly after. [=thereafter] 晚餐定在六点。我们是六点过一点儿到的。
He returned 20 years after. [=later] 他20年之后回来了。
Don’t tell them until after.
I expected her then, but she arrived the week after.
He ate lunch and left just/right/immediately after.
I saw her again the day after. [=the following day] 第二天我又见到她了。
He vowed to love her forever/ever after. [=from that time on, forever] 他发誓今后会永远爱她。
2 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ preposition
a : at a time following (something or someone) : later than (something or someone)（时间）在…之后
We arrived shortly after six o’clock.
He returned after 20 years.
before, during, and after the war
He left just/right/immediately/soon/shortly after nightfall/dark.
Night fell, and soon after that [=soon afterward] he left.
He finished the exam after me.
I stood up after the judge (did). [=the judge stood up before I (did)] 我在法官起立之后站起身来。
Call me after your arrival.
She was going to arrive tomorrow but I’m now expecting her the day after tomorrow instead.
She hasn’t lived there since (the time) after the war.
They earned $30,000 after (paying) taxes.
He left after an hour.
Let’s get going! It’s after [=past] 12 (o’clock).
The job got easier after a while. [=after some time had passed] 过段时间这工作就变得容易些了。
b US — used to describe a time following a specified hour用于描述几点钟之后的时间
It’s 20 (minutes) after 12. [=it’s 20 past 12; it’s 12:20] 现在是12：20。
a : following and because of (something)鉴于；由于
After all our advice, she’s certain to do better. [=she’s certain to do better because we have given her our advice] 由于我们给了她这些建议，她一定会做得更好。
b : following and in spite of (something)尽管；虽然
Even after all our advice, she still did badly! [=she did badly even though we gave her our advice] 尽管我们给了她建议，她还是做得很差。
How can you say that after what happened last night?
a : following (something or someone) in order or in a series（排序）在…之后，继…之后
It’s the highest mountain after Mount Everest.
You’ll see my house just before the bank and after the school.
The number 2 comes before 3 and after 1. [=2 comes between 1 and 3] 数字2排在1的后面、3的前面。
My name is listed after yours.
You go first and I’ll go/follow after you.
The children marched out one after the other in single file.
◊ The phrase after you is used as a polite way of saying that someone should go ahead of you or do something before you do it.您先请（礼貌用语，请别人先走或先做某事）
After you, Madam!
◊ In British English, you can say after you with something to ask the person who is using something to let you use it next.在英国英语中，after you with表示请求别人用完某物之后让你用一下。
After you with the pencil, please. [=I would like to use the pencil when you have finished using it] 你用完铅笔之后，请让我用用。
b — used in phrases to describe something that happens many times or for a long period of time一次接着一次；持续不断地
They have suffered misfortune after misfortune. [=they have suffered a long series of misfortunes] 他们的倒霉事儿接连不断。
Wave after [=upon] wave was beating against the shore.
She does her job day after day without complaining.
He’s done the same thing time after time.
: trying to catch or get (something or someone)追捕；擒获
The dog ran after the ball. [=the dog ran to get the ball] 这条狗跑去叼球。
The police went/chased after the escaped criminal.
The police are after him. [=are trying to catch him] 警方正在追捕他。
What do you think he’s after with all his questions? [=what is he trying to achieve by asking his questions?] 他问了这么多问题，你说他到底想知道什么呢？
◊ If people are after you to do something, they want you to do it and they tell you to do it repeatedly.反复催促（某人做某事）
Mom was after me to clean my room. [=Mom repeatedly told me to clean my room] 妈妈一个劲儿地催我收拾房间。
: following the actions or departure of (someone)跟随；随后
She called/shouted after him as he walked away. [=she called/shouted at/toward him as he walked away] 他刚走开她就追在身后大喊起来。
They made a mess and didn’t clean up after themselves. [=they didn’t clean up the mess they made] 他们弄得乱七八糟，没收拾就离开了。
If you make a mess, don’t expect me to clean up after you.
a : with the name of (someone or something)以…命名；依照
He was called George after his father.
She was named after her grandmother. [=she was given the same name as her grandmother] 她以她祖母的名字取名。
The game rugby was named after Rugby School in England, where it began.
b : in the manner of (someone or something)仿效，按照…的样式
a building patterned after [=on] a cathedral
(formal) a story after (the manner of) Hemingway
: in a lower or less important position than (something)低于；次于；亚于
They put quality after quantity. [=they cared more about quantity than about quality] 相对于质量，他们更加关注数量。
: about or concerning (someone or something)关于
I met one of your old friends and she was asking/inquiring after you. [=she was asking about you; she was asking how you are] 我碰到了你的一位老朋友，她向我询问你的状况。
She was asking after your health.
: in spite of what was said : even though the opposite was expected不管怎样；终究
They decided to go after all.
It didn’t rain after all.
— used to emphasize something that needs to be considered毕竟
It’s only Tuesday, after all. We have plenty of time.
You should apologize to her. After all, she is your best friend.
3 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ conjunction
: later than the time that : later than when（时间）在…之后
He returned after 20 years had passed.
The defendant stood up after the judge did. [=the judge stood up before the defendant did] 法官起立后被告随之起立。
Don’t tell them until after they’ve had dinner.
He left just/right/immediately/soon/shortly after the show ended.
Call me after you arrive.
He finished the exam after I did.
It happened not long after he graduated from college.
4 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ adjective
always used before a noun old-fashioned + literary
: later in time后来的；以后的
in after [=later] years