add

[æd]     美 [æd]

v. 加;增加;补充

形容词: addable 过去式: added 过去分词: added 现在分词: adding 第三人称单数: adds

考点牛津朗文柯林韦氏
一、真题好句
add 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:15
/æd/
v. adds 1 adding 7 added 14
补充,添加,增加;说明
高考真题原句提选:
Clothes markets in the city have added bright colored ski suits to their winter collections.
“My friends said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’” Welty added.
He added that the theater’s location was also a reason.
Rude words, name-calling, and accusation only add fuel to the emotional fire.
“Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galliano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs—and beating them hands down in design and sales,” adds Hill.
When adding two numbers, the monkeys always paid attention to the larger of the two, and then added only a fraction (小部分) of the smaller number to it.

二、习惯用语
add up v. 合计
add in 添加;把…包括在内
add value 增加价值;附加价值;添加值
add on 插入;另外加上去
add noise 添加杂色;添加噪声
add weight to 进一步证明;扩大影响;增强优势;加重
add to 加剧
add up (把……)加起来;累加;积少成多
add up to 总计达;总括起来意味着

三、辨析
add to, add…to, add up to
这三个短语形式相近,但构成和含义并不相同:
1.add to是“不及物动词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词; add…to是“及物动词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词; 而add up to则是“不及物动词+副词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词。
2.add to的意思是“增加,增添”, add…to的意思是“把…加到…上去”, add up to的意思是“加起来等于…,总计达…”。
add up, add together
add后加up或together,都表示“合计”的意思,宾语较短时多用up,较长(特别是有几个并列宾语)时多用together。
add up, add up to
这两个短语的意思相近,都可译为“加起来”,它们之间的区别是:
1.add up的意思是“把…加起来”, add up to 的意思是“加起来是(多少)”。
2.add up可用作不及物动词短语,也可用作及物动词短语; 而add up to只能用作及物动词短语。
3.add up的宾语一般是figure, bill, receipt, cost 等名词; 而add up to的宾语则为具体数字。
4.add up用作及物动词时是可分的,其宾语常可置于add与up 之间; 而add up to则是不可分的,宾语只能位于其后。
5.这两个短语都可用于比喻意义,此时意思和用法都不相同, add up用作不及物动词短语,意思是“合乎情理”; 而add up to用作及物动词短语,意思是“等于,意味着,总起来说”。
add up to, amount to, come to, count up to, run into
这五个短语动词都是“总计”的意思,其差别很细微:
1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。
2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如:
Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。
His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。
It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。
3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如:
It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。
Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。
4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。
add, increase
两者均可表示“增加”。其区别在于:前者主要指自身数量、重量、价值、程度、力量等增加,多用于不可触知的事物; 而后者是指将某物加在另一物上,使之在数量、体积、重要性等方面有所增加。例如:
We had better increase the amount.我们最好把数量再增加一些。
I increased the amount of water to be added during cooking.烧饭时我增加了该加的水量。
add, figure, total, sum up
这四个词(组)都可表示“相加(数字)”。其区别在于:
1.total强调计算的结果,为非正式用语,多用于口语中。
2.sum up强调计算的总数,常用于抽象意义,意思是“总结”“概括”。例如:
Many members spoke at the meeting, and finally the chairman summed up the discussion.许多成员在会上发了言,最后主席总结了这次讨论。
You have only 100 words in which to sum up his speech.你只能用100字来概括他的讲话。
3.figure常用于计算费用。例如:
I figured in our train tickets but forgot the bus fares.我把火车票算进去却把公共汽车费忘了。
4.add是普通用语,也是科技用语,主要指运用算术中的加法运算,即求出一系列数字或数量之和,广义则指把一物“加入”或“添加”到另一物中以“增加”原物的重量、规模、总量或重要性。例如:
The little girl doesn’t know how to add yet.这小女孩还不懂如何做加法。
If the tea is too strong, add some hot water. 要是茶太浓,可加点开水。
add,add to,add…to,add up to
都是add的固定搭配词组。
add作“加,增加”解时,既可作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词;作“又说,补充说”解时,与直接或间接引语连用。
add to意为“增添,增加,增进”。
add…to意为“把……加到……”,是把前一项加到后一项之后或之中。
add up to意为“加起来总共是/累计得”,该短语不用于被动语态。

 

四、常见错误
我们的工资增加了。
误 Our wages added.
正 Our wages increased.
析 add的含义是“把…加上去”,不可简单地理解为“增加”而混同于increase。

请在牛奶里加些糖。
误 Please add some sugar in the milk.
正 Please add some sugar to the milk.
析 汉语中“请在牛奶里加些糖”和“请往牛奶里加些糖”两种说法是一个意思,但译成英语时只能按后者译,即用to(往牛奶中)而不可用in(在牛奶里)。

我不想给您添麻烦。
误 I don’t want to add at your trouble.
正 I don’t want to add to your trouble.
析 在短语add to中, to的含义是“加入”,注意不可误用at。

add / Ad /
verb
1. [VN] ~ sth (to sth) to put sth together with sth else so as to increase the size, number, amount, etc.
增加;加添:
A new wing was added to the building.
这栋大楼新添了一座配楼。
Shall I add your name to the list?
我可以把你的名字写进名单吗?
Next add the flour.
接着加麪粉。
The juice contains no added sugar.
这种果汁没有加糖。
The plan has the added (= extra) advantage of bringing employment to rural areas.
该计划还有一个优点,就是给农村地区带来了就业机会。
2. ~ A to B | ~ A and B (together) to put numbers or amounts together to get a total
加:
▪ [VN] Add 9 to the total.
总数再加上 9。
If you add all these amounts together you get a huge figure.
你把这些数量加在一起就会得到一个巨额数字。
▪ [also V] OPP subtract
3. ~ sth (to sth) to say sth more; to make a further remark
补充说;继续说:
▪ [VN] I have nothing to add to my earlier statement.
我对我早先说的话没有什么补充的。
▪ [V speech] ‘And don’t be late,’ she added.
“还有别迟到。”她补充说道。
▪ [V that] He added that they would return a week later.
他接着说,他们一周以后会回来。
4. [VN] ~ sth (to sth) to give a particular quality to an event, a situation, etc.
添加(特色):
The suite will add a touch of class to your bedroom.
这套家具会给你的卧室增添一些典雅气质。
IDIOMS
▪ add 7insult to ‘injury
to make a bad relationship with sb worse by offending them even more
伤害之余又侮辱;(冒犯别人)令关系恶化
▪ ‘added to this… | ‘add to this…
used to introduce another fact that helps to emphasize a point you have already made
此外(还…):
Add to this the excellent service and you can see why it’s the most popular hotel on the island.
这再加上优质服务,你就能明白为何这家旅馆在岛上最受欢迎。
PHRASAL VERBS
▪ 7add sth ↔ ‘in
to include sth with sth else
把…加进去;包括:
Remember to add in the cost of drinks.
记住把饮料费加进去。
▪ 7add sth ↔ ‘on (to sth)
to include or attach sth extra
附加;加上:
A service charge of 15% was added on to the bill.
账单上附加了 15% 的服务费。
⇨ related noun add-on
▪ ‘add to sth
to increase sth in size, number, amount, etc.
使(数量)增加;使(规模)扩大:
The bad weather only added to our difficulties.
恶劣的天气只是增加了我们的困难。
The house has been added to (= new rooms, etc. have been built on to it) from time to time.
这座房子一次又一次地在扩建。
▪ 7add ‘up (informal)
1. (especially in negative sentences 尤用于否定句) to seem reasonable; to make sense
合乎情理;有道理:
His story just doesn’t add up.
他说的情况根本不合情理。
2. (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to increase by small amounts until there is a large total
积少成多:
When you’re feeding a family of one the bills soon add up.
你要养活一家六口,开支很快就大起来了。
▪ 7add ‘up | 7add sth ↔ ‘up
to calculate the total of ten or more numbers or amounts
把…加起来:
The waiter can’t add up.
这个服务员不会算账。
Add up all the money I owe you.
把我欠你的钱全部加起来。
▪ 7add ‘up to sth
1. to make a total amount of sth
总共是;总计为:
The numbers add up to exactly 100.
这些数字的总数恰好是 100。
2. to lead to a particular result; to show sth
结果是;表示
SYN amount to sth :
These clues don’t really add up to very much (= give us very little information).
这些线索实际上说明不了什么问题。

add /ˌæd/ ●●● S1 W1 verb → ad
1  PUT WITH STH ELSE 与别的东西放在一起 [transitive] to put something with something else or with a group of other things 添加,增加
If the mixture seems dry, add water.
如果混合物看上去干,加点水。
add something to something
Do you want to add your name to the list?
你想把你的名字加到名单里吗?
Suzuki has added extra doors to its sports off-roader.
铃木公司为其运动越野车增加了车门。
Material about recent research has been added to this new edition.
这个新版本增加了最近的研究材料。
2  COUNT 计算 [intransitive, transitive] if you add numbers or amounts together, you calculate their total 相加,加 → subtract
add something and something (together)
Add 7 and 5 to make 12.
7加5得12。
For tax purposes, your pension and earnings are added together.
计算税款时,养老金和收入加在一起。
add something to something
Add £2.20 to the cost for postage.
在该费用基础上加2.20英镑的邮费。
3  INCREASE 增加 [intransitive, transitive] to increase the amount or cost of something 增加
add (something) to something
Spell-checking your document adds time to the process.
给文件作拼写检查会延长这一过程的时间。
Sales tax adds to the price.
销售税提高了价格。
4  SAY MORE 说得更多 [transitive] to say more about something that has just been said 补充说,继续说
‘And I don’t care what you think, ’ she added defiantly.
“而且我不在乎你怎么想。”她挑衅地加了一句。
Is there anything you’d like to add, David?
戴维,你还有什么要补充的吗?
add that
Everyone will be invited to vote, he said, adding that voting is likely to be via the Web.
他说所有人都会被邀请来投票,并且补充说投票可能通过网络进行。
I was refused accommodation – not, I hasten to add, on account of my appearance (=used to explain more about what you have just said).
我的住宿要求被拒——我要赶紧说明一下,不是因为我的外表。
She was trying to entertain us – unsuccessfully, I might add (=used to comment on what you have just said).
她想逗我们开心——但我说是白费力气了。
► see thesaurus at say
5  GIVE A QUALITY 赋予某种品质 [transitive] to give a particular quality to something 增添
add something to something
We’ve added value to the information by organizing it.
我们把信息进行了整理,使它变得更有价值了。
add a touch of glamour/class (to something)
Champagne always adds a touch of glamour to the occasion.
香槟酒总能为特别的场合增添情调。
Coloured glass can be added for effect.
可以加装彩色玻璃以突出效果。
6  add(ed) to that/this used to introduce another fact that supports your opinion 此外,再加上
Our hospitals are short of cash. Add to that the long hours doctors work, and you have a recipe for disaster.
我们的医院资金短缺,再加上医生工作时间长,这些早晚都是祸根。
7  add weight to something if something adds weight to an argument, idea etc, it makes it stronger 为某事物增加影响力[说服力] add weight to the suggestion/idea etc
Recent research adds weight to the theory that the climate is changing.
最近的研究进一步证明了气候正在变化这个理论。
8  to add insult to injury to make a bad situation worse for someone who has already been treated badly 既伤害又侮辱;雪上加霜
9  add fuel to the fire/flames to make an argument or disagreement worse 火上浇油

ADD
1.VERB 动词添加;增加;掺加 If you add one thing to another, you put it in or on the other thing, to increase, complete, or improve it.

【语法信息】:V n to n

【语法信息】:be V-ed to n

【语法信息】:Also V n
Add the grated cheese to the sauce…

把磨碎的干酪加到调味汁里。

Since 1908, chlorine has been added to drinking water…

自1908年以来氯就被添加进饮用水当中。

He wants to add a huge sports complex to Binfield Manor.

他想给宾菲尔德庄园加盖一个大型综合体育场。

2.VERB 动词加 If you add numbers or amounts together, you calculate their total.

【语法信息】:V pl-n with together

【语法信息】:V P

【语法信息】:V pl-n P
Banks add all the interest and other charges together…

银行合计所有利息和其他费用。

Two and three added together are five.

2加3等于5。

Add up means the same as add .add up同add
More than a quarter of seven year-olds cannot add up properly…

7岁的孩子中1/4以上都不会正确地做加法运算。

We just added all the numbers up and divided one by the other…

我们只是将所有的数字相加并用一个除以另一个。

He said the numbers simply did not add up.

他说这些数字根本对不上。

3.VERB 动词增添;增加 If one thing adds to another, it makes the other thing greater in degree or amount.

【语法信息】:V to n
This latest incident will add to the pressure on the government…

最近的这次事件将会给政府增加压力。

Smiles, nods, and cheerful faces added to the general gaiety.

微笑、点头和喜洋洋的脸庞使喜庆的气氛变得更浓了。

4.VERB 动词增加,增添(特色) To add a particular quality to something means to cause it to have that quality.

【语法信息】:V n

【语法信息】:V n to n
The generous amount of garlic adds flavour…

蒜多了能提味。

Pictures add interest to plain painted walls.

相片给素色的墙面增添了一抹情趣。

5.VERB 动词补充说;进一步说 If you add something when you are speaking, you say something more.

【语法信息】:V with quote

【语法信息】:V that

【语法信息】:V n
‘You can tell that he is extremely embarrassed,’ Mr Brigden added…

“你能看出他尴尬极了,”布里格登先生补充道。

The President agreed, adding that he hoped for a peaceful solution.

总统表示赞同并补充说他希望和平解决。

Hunt added his congratulations, saying ‘Nigel has made a cracking job of it’.

亨特在致完贺词后又补了一句:“奈杰尔干得棒极了。”

6.PHRASE 短语另外;再者 You use added to this or added to that to introduce a fact that supports or widens what you are saying.

【搭配模式】:V inflects
More than 750 commercial airliners were involved in fatal accidents last year. Added to that were the 1,550 smaller aircraft.

去年750多家商业航空公司遭遇过人员死亡的事故。另外还有1,550架小型飞机也出过同样的事故。

7. to add insult to injury→see: insult;
相关词组:
add in add on add up add up to

add /ˈæd/ verb
adds; added; adding
1
[+ object] a : to put (something) with another thing or group of things增添;增加
She’s planning to add some new flowers to the garden.
她打算给花园增添些新的花卉。
The company is adding over 200 jobs this year.
这家公司今年新增200多个岗位。
This winter, he added skiing to his list of favorite sports.
今年冬天,他最喜爱的运动项目里多了一项滑雪。
b : to mix or combine (an ingredient) with other ingredients添加;混合
Add (in) a little more salt and pepper.
再多加一点盐和胡椒粉。
I added (in) just a dash/pinch of flour.
我只加了一点儿面粉。
Add one cup of sugar to the mixture.
往混合物里加一杯糖。
Next, add the remaining butter to the pan.
接下来,把剩下的黄油放到锅里。
c : to include (something) with something else把…计算在内;包括
It took us four hours to get there, if you add (in) the time we stopped to eat.
如果把停车吃饭的时间也算上的话,我们到那儿花了四个小时。
2
[+ object] : to cause something to have (a usually good quality or characteristic)增加;增添;提升
In this dish, fresh herbs add lots of color and flavor.
新鲜的香草使这道菜增色增味不少。
As an employee, she will add [=bring] great value to your company.
作为公司一员,她会给贵公司创造极大的价值。
We can help you add excitement to your vacation.
我们可以使您的假期更加刺激。
The historical details add depth/richness/weight to his story.
历史细节使他的故事内容更有深度/更加丰富/更为厚重。
She adds a certain amount of experience and authority to the project.
她给项目增添了几分经验和权威性。
3
: to put (two or more numbers or amounts) together to find a total or sum加;累计
[+ object] When you add three and/to seven, you get ten..
三加七等于十。
Add these three numbers together.
把这三个数字加起来。
[no object] schoolchildren learning how to add [=to perform addition] and subtract
学习加减法的小学生
— opposite subtract
4
[+ object] : to say or write (something more or extra)补充
That’s all I have to say. Do you have anything (else/more) to add? = Is there anything (else/more) you would like to add?
我就说这么多。你还有什么要补充的吗?
“They all went to the bar,” he said. “But I didn’t go with them,” he quickly added.
“他们都去酒吧了。”他说,我可没和他们一起去。”他又赶紧补充道。
He was quick to add that he didn’t go with them. = He hastened to add that he didn’t go with them.
他马上补充说自己并没有和他们一起去。
It was a long project and, I might add, an expensive one.
这个项目耗时很长,而且,我想补充一下,耗资也很大。
add insult to injury
— see 2insult
add on [phrasal verb] add (something) on or add on (something)
: to put (something) with another thing or group of things增加;添加
We’re going to add on a new garage。
我们打算加个新车库。
— often + to
We’re adding a new garage on to our house.
我们要给房子加个新车库。
They’re adding $200 on to what we already have to pay.
他们在我们的应付款上又加了200美元。
◊ The phrase add on to is also written as add onto.短语add on to也写作add onto
We’re adding a new garage onto our house.
我们要给房子加个新车库。
add to [phrasal verb] add to (something)
: to make (something) larger, better, or greater增加;扩大;加强
He bought another rare coin to add to his collection.
他又为自己的收藏购入了一枚珍稀硬币。
Her research has greatly added to our knowledge of the subject.
她的研究极大地丰富了我们对这一问题的认识。
She’s been able to add to her savings [=to save more money] this year.
她的存款今年得以增加。
This movie will add to his fame. [=it will make him more famous] 这部电影将使他声誉更高。
The loud music added to the confusion. [=it made the confusion greater] 嘈杂的音乐更是乱上添乱。
We hope this adds to your enjoyment of the play.
我们希望这能使您在欣赏剧目时更加尽兴。
The funny characters really add to the story. [=they make the story better] 滑稽人物确实给这个故事增色不少。
◊ Phrases like add to this/that and added to this/that are often used informally to introduce a statement about something that makes a thing or situation better, worse, more important, etc.更…的是(用于引出陈述,非正式用法)
We were given little time to finish. Add to this the fact that nobody helped us, and you can understand why we were angry.
给我们的时间本来就不多,更糟的是根本没有人来帮我们,你能理解我们为什么生气了吧。
We were short of money. Added to that, we were lost!
我们钱不够。更倒霉的是,我们迷路了!
add up [phrasal verb] 1
a : to be added together and equal the expected or correct total加起来(得到预期数目)— usually used in negative constructions通常用于否定结构
The numbers just don’t add up. [=they don’t equal the expected total] 这些数字加得不对。
b : to make sense : to seem to be logical or true说得通;合乎情理
They must be lying; their story just doesn’t add up.
他们肯定在撒谎,他们的说法根本不合情理。
c : to slowly increase and become a large number or amount累积;慢慢增多
A cup of coffee may only cost a dollar, but those dollars add up quickly.
一杯咖啡或许只花一美元,但这一美元很快就会积少成多。
I’m saving a little money each month. Eventually it’ll add up.
我每个月都存点钱。最终这笔钱会积少成多的。
The hours that I spend traveling to work really add up.
我花在上班路上的时间加起来真不少。
2
add (something) up or add up (something) : to put together or count (the number or amount of something) to find the total加起来;计算总额
Start by adding up how much money you have, and then add up your costs.
先算算你有多少钱,再算算要花多少钱。
Let’s add up all of the money we saved.
我们来算一下总共存了多少钱。
When you add it all up, he’s spent over half of his life in jail.
算起来他大半辈子是在监狱里度过的。
3
add up to (something)
a : to have (a number) as a total合计达;总计达
The amount of money she spends on coffee adds up to $2.75 a day.
她每天喝咖啡的花费加起来有2.75美元。
That adds up to more than a thousand dollars a year.
那样加起来每年会超过一千美元。
b : to produce (a specified result)产生(特定结果)
These plans should add up to a very exciting vacation.
按照这些计划应该能够度过一个非常好玩的假期了。
With these three bands playing together, it all adds up to one of the year’s best rock concerts.
有这三支乐队同台献艺,这将成为今年最好的摇滚音乐会之一。
All of the team’s hard work didn’t add up to a win.
队员们的所有努力还是没能换来胜利
— added adjective
The historical details provide added [=additional] depth/richness/weight to his story.
历史细节使他的故事内容更有深度/更加丰富/更为厚重。
added value
附加值
an added attraction/advantage
额外的魅力/优势

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