actually 高中必修500 全国卷频次:39 教材出处:译林版必修B2U1
I could see them actually walking under the sea.
Love Actually 真爱至上（喜剧名）
1. used in speaking to emphasize a fact or a comment, or that sth is really true
What did she actually say?
It’s not actually raining now.
That’s the only reason I’m actually going.
There are lots of people there who can actually help you.
I didn’t want to say anything without actually reading the letter first.
2. used to show a contrast between what is true and what sb believes, and to show surprise about this contrast
It was actually quite fun after all.
The food was not actually all that expensive.
Our turnover actually increased last year.
3. used to correct sb in a polite way
We’re not American, actually. We’re Canadian.
Actually, it would be much more sensible to do it later.
They’re not married, actually.
4. used to get sb’s attention, to introduce a new topic or to say sth that sb may not like, in a polite way
Actually, I’ll be a bit late home.
Actually, I’m busy at the moment—can I call you back?
I’m not joking. Those were his actual words.
I know Germany won, but I can’t tell you the actual score.
Interest is only charged on the actual amount borrowed.
In actual fact (=really), there is little evidence to support the allegations.
Do not use actual to mean ‘at the present time’. Use current or present: the current (NOT actual) economic policy
表示“现在”的意思不要用 actual. 而要用 current 或 present: the current (NOT actual) economic policy 当前的经济政策
2 the actual something used to introduce the most important part of an event or activity 真正的某事物，某事物本身
The programme starts at 8.00 but the actual film doesn’t start until 8.30.
Origin actual (1300-1400) Old French actuel, from Late Latin actualis, from Latin actus; → ACT1
1.ADV 副词的确;真实地;事实上 You use actually to indicate that a situation exists or happened, or to emphasize that it is true.
【搭配模式】：ADV before v
One afternoon, I grew bored and actually fell asleep for a few minutes…
Interest is only payable on the amount actually borrowed.
2.ADV 副词（用于纠正他人或表示反对）实际上，事实上 You use actually when you are correcting or contradicting someone.
【搭配模式】：ADV with cl
No, I’m not a student. I’m a doctor, actually…
‘So it’s not a family show then?’ —’Well, actually, I think that’s exactly what it is.’
3.ADV 副词(礼貌地表达与他人的期待所不同的观点)说实在的，说真的 You can use actually when you are politely expressing an opinion that other people might not have expected from you.
【搭配模式】：ADV with cl
‘Do you think it’s a good idea to socialize with one’s patients?’ — ‘Actually, I do, I think it’s a great idea.’
I would be surprised, actually, if he left Birmingham.
4.ADV 副词（引入新话题）其实，说实在的 You use actually to introduce a new topic into a conversation.
【搭配模式】：ADV with cl
Well actually, John, I rang you for some advice…
Actually, let’s just read this little bit where you’ve made them bump into each other.
Usage Note :
Note that actually and really are both used to emphasize statements. Actually is used to emphasize what is true or genuine in a situation, often when this is surprising, or a contrast with what has just been said. All the characters in the novel actually existed… He actually began to cry. It can also be used to be precise or to correct someone. No one was actually drunk… We couldn’t actually see the garden. You use really in conversation to emphasize something that you are saying. I really think he’s sick. When you use really in front of an adjective or adverb, it has a similar meaning to ‘very’. This is really serious.
注意，actually和really都用于强调。actually用于强调情况的真实性，往往是在出人意料或跟刚刚所说的话形成对照的情况下使用。例如：All the characters in the novel actually existed（这部小说中所有人物都确有其人），He actually began to cry（他真的哭了起来）。actually也可用于加强准确性或纠正别人。例如：No one was actually drunk（没有人真的喝醉了），We couldn’t actually see the garden（我们其实看不到花园）。really可用于对话中强调说话内容：I really think he’s sick（我确实认为他生病了）。really用于形容词和副词之前时，意思与very相近：This is really serious (这非常严重）。
— used to refer to what is true or real实际上；事实上
I don’t know what actually [=really] happened.
After all these months, it’s hard to believe that we’re actually [=really, truly] finished.
— used to stress that a statement is true especially when it differs in some way from what might have been thought or expected其实；事实上
We’d actually planned to leave early, but we were delayed.
I wasn’t worried about being late. Actually, I didn’t want to go at all.
I didn’t think I’d like the movie, but it was actually pretty good.
I was shocked to learn he could actually fly a plane.
I could hardly believe it when she actually apologized to me.
“I like your new glasses.” “Thanks, but actually I’ve had them for almost a year.”