词汇表

  • -ability

    名词性后缀

    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]

    -ability 有时也会写成 -ibility 表示与能力相关的状态性质等 主要在阅读理解的词义猜测题型中考查。[/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 the quality of being able to be or having to be
    • capability
    • responsibility
    2 the fact of having the quality mentioned
    • changeability
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    also -ibility suffix 1. makes nouns from adjectives ending in -able and -ible〔将以 -able 和 -ible 结尾的形容词转化为名词的词尾〕:

    manageability可处理(性)
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    1. SUFFIX 后缀 (替代-able加在形容词尾构成名词)表示“状态”,“性质” -ability replaces '-able' at the end of adjectives to form nouns. Nouns formed in this way refer to the state or quality described by the adjectives.
    • ...the desirability of global co-operation...全球合作的可取性
    • No one ever questioned her capability.从来没有人质疑她的能力。
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    also -ibility
    : ability, fitness, or likeliness to act or be acted on in (such) a way 能力;适宜性;可能性

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  • -able

    形容词后缀 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 与“能够、能力”相关
    • calculable 可估算的
    • taxable 应纳税的
    2 有某性质或品质
    • fashionable 流行的;时髦的;时尚的
    • comfortable  使人舒服的;舒适的;愉快放松的;安逸的
    • changeable 易变的;善变的;常变的
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] -able  -iblesuffix(in adjectives 构成形容词) 1. that can or must be    可…的;能…的;应…的: calculable 能计算的 taxable 应纳税的 2. having the quality of    具有…性质的: fashionable 时髦 comfortable 舒适 changeable 易变 • -ability, -ibility (in nouns 构成名词) : capability 能力 responsibility 责任 • -ably, -ibly (in adverbs 构成副词) : noticeably 显着地 incredibly 令人难以置信地 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] also -ible suffix in adjectives 1. that you can do something to可以…的:
    washable (=it can be washed)可洗的
    unbreakable (=it cannot be broken)不会破的,不碎的
    loveable (=easy to love)可爱的
    2. having a particular quality or condition具有…性质的; 处于…状态的:
    knowledgeable (=knowing a lot)博学的
    comfortable舒适的
    -ably / EblI ; Ebli / , -ibly suffix in adverbs
    unbelievably令人难以置信地
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    1.SUFFIX 后缀(附在动词后构成形容词)表示“可…的”,“值得…的”,“能…的” -able combines with verbs to form adjectives. Adjectives formed in this way describe someone or something that can have a particular thing done to them. For example, if something is avoidable, it can be avoided.
    • These injuries were avoidable... 这些伤是可以避免的。
    • He was an admirable chairman. 他是一位令人钦佩的主席。
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    also -ible
    : fit for or worthy of being适于…的;值得…的
    : likely to or capable of易于…的;能够…的
    : having a certain quality具有…特性的
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  • a

    冠词 一(个); 每一(个); 任一(个) 美音 /eɪ/ /eɪ/  英音 /eɪ/ /ə/ [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1. 基本词义:用于单数可数名词前,表示未曾提及的一(个、件……)人(或物……) 2. 辨析: a与an
    1. 通常来说,a 是用在以辅音开首的词前面,an 是用在以元音开首的词前面;
    2. 可数名词前面用 a(或 an),不可数名词前面不可用a(或 an),如可以说 a healthy boy,却不可以说 a health;
    3. 在特定情况下,a(或 an)可以用在复数形式前面:习语中有a few (books),a great many (books)等表示方法。在表示时间或款项的短语前面,如 a further five minutes。在若干在形式上是复数而在意思上是单数的单词前面,如 a barracks,a links。在美国口语中,如 a good ways,a long ways;
    4. a(或 an)有时有“一个而不是那所要的一个”的意思。a 也有“任何一个”的意思。I got a letter indeed,but it was from a friend. 事实上,我收到了一封信,但只是一个朋友的来信。I wanted to read a book,I did not care whether it was a history,a novel,or a biography.
    5. a 与 few 搭配使用时,few 是“很少”,有“几乎没有”的意思。a few 是“若干”,有“颇有几个”的意思。注意,only a few 却等于 few,也是“很少”的意思。
    a与one
    含义不同:one释义:一;单独一个,仅仅一个。 a 释义:用于可数名词或单数名词前,表示未曾提到的一人、事;用于前有形容词或后. 有短语的不可数名词前;任何一;每一。 用法不同: one用法:示"一个",意为one;  指某人或某物;代表-类人或事务;用在可数名词的单数形式前表示泛指。

    例句: He's the one person I can trust.  他是我唯一可以信赖的人。

    a用法:通常来说,a是用在以辅音开首的词前面,可数名词前面用a不可数名词前面不可用a,如可以说a healthy boy,却不可以说a health。在特定情况下,a可以用在复数形式前面。
    例句:Their new car's a BMW.
    他们的新轿车是辆宝马。
    侧重点不同: one是明确的数字。
    a是范围概念,常被叫做不定冠词。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] E; strong form ei / (also an / En; strong form An / )indefinite article
     HELP  The form a is used before consonant sounds and the form an before vowel sounds. When saying abbreviations like 'FM' or 'UN', use a or an according to how the first letter is said. For example, F is a consonant, but begins with the sound / e / and so you say: an FM radio. U is a vowel but begins with / j / and so you say: a UN declaration.    a 用于辅音前,an 用于元音前。在 FM、UN 等缩略语前,用 a 还是 an,需视首字母如何发音而定。如 F 是辅音字母,但其发音以 e 开头,故应说:an FM radio。U 是元音字母,但其发音以 j 音开头,故应说:a UN declaration。
    1. used before countable or singular nouns referring to people or things that have not already been mentioned    (用于可数名词或单数名词前,表示未曾提到的)一(人、事、物): a man / horse / unit 一个人;一匹马;一个单位 an aunt / egg / hour / x-ray 一个姑母;一个鸡蛋;一小时;一张 X 光片 I can only carry two at a time. 我一次只能带两个。 There's a visitor for you. 有位客人找你。 She's a friend of my father's (= one of my father's friends). 她是我父亲的一位朋友。 2. used before uncountable nouns when these have an adjective in front of them, or phrase following them    (用于前有形容词或后有短语的不可数名词前): a good knowledge of French 精通法语 a sadness that won't go away 挥之不去的悲愁 3. any; every    任何一;每一: A lion is a dangerous animal. 狮子是猛兽。 4. used to show that sb / sth is a member of a group or profession    (表示为某一群体或职业中的一员): Their new car's a BMW. 他们的新轿车是辆宝马。 She's a Buddhist. 她是个佛教徒。 He's a teacher. 他是个教师。 Is that a Monet (= a painting by Monet) ? 那是莫奈的画吗? 5. used in front of two nouns that are seen as a single unit    (用于视为一体的两个名词之前): a knife and fork 一副刀叉 6. used instead of one before some numbers    (用于某些数字前,代替 one): A thousand people were there. 那里有一千人。 7. used when talking about prices, quantities and rates    (用于价格、数量、比率等)一,每一 SYN  per : They cost 50p a kilo. 其价钱是一公斤 50 便士。 I can type 50 words a minute. 我每分钟能打 50 个单词。 He was driving at 50 miles an hour. 当时他正以每小时 50 英里的速度驾车。 8. a person like sb    像(某人)的人;…式的人物: She's a little Hitler. 她是个小希特勒。 9. used before sb's name to show that the speaker does not know the person    (用于某人姓名前,表示说话者不认识此人)有个: There's a Mrs Green to see you. 有位格林太太要见你。 10. used before the names of days of the week to talk about one particular day    (用于一星期中某天的名称前,表示具体某一天): She died on a Tuesday. 她是在一个星期二去世的。[/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]a / ; E ; e ; eI / also anindefinite article, determiner 1. used to show that you are talking about someone or something that has not been mentioned before, or that your listener does not know about一,一个〔用于未曾提及或对方不知道的人或物的名称前〕:
    We have a problem.我们遇到了一个麻烦。
    There was a hole in the fence.篱笆上有一个洞。
    Suddenly they heard a loud bang.他们突然听到砰的一声。
    THE¹ 2. used to show that you are referring to a general type of person or thing and not a specific person or thing〔用于泛指一类人或一类事物〕:
    Would you like a sandwich?来块三明治好吗?
    I want to train to be an engineer.我想受训做工程师。
    He's a really nice man.他真是个好人。
    Take a look at this.瞧瞧这个。
    It needs a good clean.这得好好清洗一下。
    3. used before someone's family name to show that they belong to that family〔用于某人的姓氏前表明其属于这个家庭〕:
    One of his daughters had married a Rothschild.他有个女儿嫁给了罗思柴尔德家的人。
    4. one一(个):
    a thousand pounds一千英镑
    a dozen eggs一打鸡蛋
    You'll have to wait an hour or two.你得等一两个小时。
    5. used in some phrases that say how much of something there is〔用于某些表示数量的短语〕:
    There were a lot of people at the party.许多人参加了聚会。
    A few weeks from now I'll be in Venice.再过几个礼拜我就在威尼斯了。
    You have caused a great deal of trouble.你惹出了很多麻烦。
    6. used to mean 'each' when stating prices, rates, or speeds每一(个)〔用于表明价格、比率或速度〕:
    I get paid once a month.我的工资一个月发一次。
    The eggs cost $2 a dozen.鸡蛋两美元一打。
    7. used before singular nouns to mean all things of a particular type任一,每一〔用于单数名词前表示某一类的全部〕:
    A square has four sides (=all squares have four sides) .正方形有四条边。
    A child needs love and affection.孩子需要爱和关怀。
    8. used once before two nouns that are mentioned together very often〔用于两个经常连用的名词前〕:
    I'll fetch you a cup and saucer.我去给你拿一副杯碟来。
    Does everyone have a knife and fork?每个人都有刀叉了吗?
    9. used before the -ing forms of verbs when they are used as nouns referring to an action, event, or sound〔用于表示动作、事件或声音的动词的 -ing 形式之前〕:
    There was a beating of wings overhead.头顶上传来翅膀的拍打声。
    Bernice became aware of a humming that seemed to come from all around her.伯尼斯发现周围好像有嗡嗡嗡的声音。
    10. used before nouns that are usually uncountable when other information about the quality, feeling etc is added by an adjective, phrase, or clause〔用于有形容词、短语或从句修饰的不可数名词前〕:
    Candidates must have a good knowledge of chemistry.求职者必须精通化学。
    11. used before the name of a substance, food etc to refer to a particular type of it〔用于物质、食品等名称前表示一类〕:
    Use a good cheese to make the sauce.要用优质的奶酪来做调味酱。
    plants that grow well in a moist soil在湿润的土壤中生长良好的植物
    12. used before the name of a drink to refer to a cup or glass of that drink一杯〔用于饮料名称前〕:
    Can I get you a coffee?我给你倒杯咖啡好吗?
    Renwick went to the bar and ordered a beer.伦威克走到吧台前点了杯啤酒。
    13. used before the name of a famous artist to refer to a painting by that artist一幅…的作品〔用于著名画家的名字前〕:
    an early Rembrandt伦勃朗的一幅早期作品
    14. used before a name to mean someone or something that has the same qualities as that person or thing〔用于某人或某物的名字前指与其具有同样特性的人或物〕:
    She was hailed as a new Marilyn Monroe.她被誉为是又一个玛丽莲·梦露。
    15. used before someone's name when you do not know who they are某一,一位〔用于陌生人的姓名前〕:
    There is a Mr Tom Wilkins on the phone.有个汤姆·威尔金斯先生打电话来。
    16. used before the names of days, months, seasons, and events in the year to refer to a particular one〔用于某一年的日、月、季节和事件前,指具体的日子或事件〕:
    We arrived in England on a cold wet Sunday in 1963.1963年一个寒冷、下着雨的星期天,我们来到了英格兰。
    I can't remember a Christmas like it.我的记忆中不曾有过像这样的圣诞节。
     CHOICE  aan: Before a word beginning with a vowel sound, use an .读音以元音开头的单词前用 an:
    an elephant一头大象
    an umbrella一把伞
    an obvious mistake一个明显的错误
    ► Use an before an 'h' that is not pronounced. 不发音的 h 前用 an:
    an hour later一小时之后
    an honest explanation如实的解释
    ► Use a before a 'u' that is pronounced like 'you'. u 发 “you” 音时前面用 a:
    a university一所大学
    a unique opportunity一个千载难逢的机会
    ► Use an before an abbreviation that is pronounced with a vowel sound at the start. 读音以元音开头的缩写前用 an:
    an SOS call一个紧急求救电话
    an MP3 file一个 MP3 文件
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    A or an is the indefinite article. It is used at the beginning of noun groups which refer to only one person or thing. The form an is used in front of words that begin with vowel sounds. a 或 an 为不定冠词,用于表示单个事物或人的名词词组之前。an 用于以元音开始的单词之前。
    1.DET 限定词(指初次提及或非特指的人或物)一(个) You use a or an when you are referring to someone or something for the first time or when people may not know which particular person or thing you are talking about.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • A waiter entered with a tray...侍者端着托盘进来了。
    • He started eating aapple...他开始吃苹果。
    • Today you've got a new teacher taking you...今天有位新老师来教你们。
    • I manage a hotel.我经营一家旅馆。
    2.DET 限定词(一类人或事物中非特指的)任何一(个) You use a or an when you are referring to any person or thing of a particular type and do not want to be specific.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • ...expensive make-up that we saw being advertised by a beautiful model...我们所见的由一位漂亮模特代言的昂贵化妆品
    • I suggest you leave it to an expert...我建议你把它留给专家来解决。
    • Bring a sleeping bag...带只睡袋。
    • I was waiting for a bus.我在等公共汽车。
    3.DET 限定词(用于前加形容词或后加修饰语的不可数名词之前)一(种) You use a or an in front of an uncount noun when that noun follows an adjective, or when the noun is followed by words that describe it more fully.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-uncount with supp
    • There waa terrible sadness in her eyes...她眼神中流露出深深的悲伤。
    • He did have a real knowledge of the country...他对该国的确知之甚多。
    • Baseball movies have gained aappreciation that far outstrips those dealing with any other sport.以棒球为主题的电影获得的青睐远远超过了其他体育类电影。
    4.DET 限定词(用于物质名词前)一(类),一(种) You use a or an in front of a mass noun when you want to refer to a single type or make of something.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-mass
    • Bollinger 'RD' is a rare, highly prized wine.博林格RD香槟是一种名贵的备受推崇的葡萄酒。
    5.DET 限定词(用于表示数量的词组中)许多/少许/一点 You use a in quantifiers such as a lot ,a little, and a bit.
    【搭配模式】:DET in quant
    • I spend a lot on expensive jewelry and clothing...我花很多钱购买昂贵的首饰和衣服。
    • I've come looking for a bit of advice.我特来讨教。
    6.DET 限定词(一类人或事物中典型的)一(个) You use a or an to refer to someone or something as a typical member of a group, class, or type.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • Some parents believe a boy must learn to stand up and fight like a man.有些父母认为男孩子必须学会像男子汉一样顶天立地,勇于抗争。
    • ...the operation a patient has had.病人做过的手术
    7.DET 限定词(用于日子、月份或节日的名称之前以表示特例)一个 You use a or an in front of the names of days, months, or festivals when you are referring to one particular instance of that day, month, or festival.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • The interview took place on a Fridaafternoon...采访是在一个星期五的下午进行的。
    • It waa Christmas when shoppers passed by expensive silks in favor of more practical gifts.这是一个购物者不理会昂贵的丝绸衣服而热衷于更实用礼物的圣诞节。
    8.DET 限定词(从事某一职业的)一(位),一(名) You use a or an when you are saying what someone is or what job they have.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • I explained that I waaartist...我解释说自己是个艺术家。
    • He was now a teacher and a respectable member of the community.他现在是一位教师,并且是社区内受人尊敬的一员。
    9.DET 限定词(用于不为说话人所知的首次提到的人名前)某一(个) You use a or an in front of the names of people as a way of indicating that you do not know them or anything about them and you are saying their name for the first time.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-proper
    • The full address on a stick-on label was that of a Mrs P. R. Slater of Peterborough...不干胶标签上的完整地址写的是彼得伯勒的一位P. R. 斯莱特太太。
    • A Dr Matthew Owens was reported missing while on an expedition to north-eastern Turkey.据报道,一位叫马修·欧文斯的博士在前往土耳其东北部考察的途中失踪了。
    10.DET 限定词(用于人名前,表示与该人有相同特性或品质)类似…的一个(或一位) You use a or an in front of the names of people when you want to refer to someone else who has the same qualities or character as the person named.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-proper
    • When I listen to her play I can heaa new Nigel Kennedy.从她的演奏中我听出了新一代的奈杰尔·肯尼迪。
    11.DET 限定词(用于姓氏前,表示某人属于某姓氏家族)一位姓…的人 You use a or an in front of a surname when you want to refer to someone who belongs to the family with that surname.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-proper
    • As faas I can recall, Patti waa Smith.我记得帕蒂是姓史密斯的。
    12.DET 限定词(用于艺术家名字前)一幅…的画,一件…的雕塑作品 You use a or an in front of the names of artists to refer to one individual painting or sculpture created by them.
    【搭配模式】:DET n-proper
    • Most people have very little difficulty in seeing why a Van Gogh is a work of genius.多数人不难理解为什么凡·高的作品是天才之作。
    13.DET 限定词(代替数字one使用,尤用于hundred,hour和metre等表示度量的单词之前以及half, quarter和third等分数之前) You use a or an instead of the number 'one', especially with words of measurement such as 'hundred', 'hour', and 'metre', and with fractions such as 'half', 'quarter', and 'third'.
    【搭配模式】:DET sing-n
    • ...more thaa thousand acres of land.1,000多英亩地
    • ...a quarter of an hour...一刻钟
    • The skirts were shortened an inch or two.这些裙子被改短了一两英寸。
    14.DET 限定词(用于表示比率的短语中)每一 You use a or an in expressions such as eight hours a day to express a rate or ratio.
    【搭配模式】:num DET sing-n
    • Prices start at £13.95 a metre for printed cotton...印花棉布以每米13.95英镑的价格起售。
    • The helicopter can zip along aabout 150 kilometres an hour.该直升机能以每小时150公里左右的速度疾进。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    /ə/ /ˈeɪ/  indefinite article
    or an /ən/ /ˈæn/
    ◊ A is used before a consonant sound.*a用于辅音之前。
    An is used before a vowel sound.*an用于元音之前。
    Note that when a word begins with a vowel letter but is pronounced with a consonant sound, a is used.注意:当单词首字母是元音字母但其发音为辅音时,用a。
    When an abbreviation begins with a consonant letter but is pronounced with a vowel sound, an is used.当缩略词首字母是辅音字母但其发音为元音时,用an。
    When a word begins with h but the first syllable of the word is not given primary stress, both a and an are used.当单词以h开头,但该单词的首音节非重读时,a和an都可用。
    1 — used before singular nouns when the person or thing is being mentioned for the first time用于首次被提及的单数名词前
    — used like one before number words like hundred, thousand, etc.用于hundred、thousand等数词前,用法同one
    — used like one before number words like third, fortieth, etc.用于third、fortieth等序数词前,用法同one
    — used like one before units of weight, measurement, etc.用于计量单位前,用法同one
    : one single : even one — used in negative constructions一个,单个(用于否定结构)
    — used before a word or phrase that indicates a type or class of person or thing用于表示一类人或一类事物的单词或短语前
    — often used before noncount nouns that are modified by an adjective or phrase常用于由形容词或短语修饰的不可数名词前
    — used like any to refer in a general way to people or things用于泛指人或事物,用法同any
    — used before a proper noun to indicate limited knowledge about the person or thing being mentioned用于专有名词前,表示对提及的人或事物所知有限
    — used before a proper noun that is acting as an example or type用于充当例证或典型的专有名词前
    — used before the name of a day of the week to refer to one occurrence of it用于一星期中某天的名称前,以提及当天发生的某件事情
    — used before the name of a person (such as a famous artist) when the name is being used to refer to something (such as a painting) created by that person用于人名前,指此人的作品
    — used before a family name to show that someone is a member of that family用于姓氏前,表示某人为此家庭的一员
    8 — used before a proper noun referring to a person or thing that has a particular quality用于专有名词前,表示某人或某物具有某种特殊品质
    9 — used with words like bit and little to form phrases that describe quantity, amount, or degree与bit、little等单词连用构成短语,表数量、程度等
    10  — used in phrases that describe how often something occurs, how fast something is going, etc.用于表示频率、快慢等的短语
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]  
  • A

    名词
    • n. 英语字母表的第一个字母;学业成绩得优者;表示“最好”的符号
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、字母A当名词时使用,注意复数为A's或a's。 二、A易混的用法是与当动词时的区分。 A is the first letter of "apple". 名词 I have a pen. 冠词 Apple begins with (an) A. 名词 三、from A to Z的意义类似于 from the beginning to the end. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] BrE /eɪ/ ; NAmE /eɪ/ (also a) (plural As, A’s, a’s BrE /eɪz/ ; NAmE /eɪz/ ) 1 [countable, uncountable] the first letter of the English alphabet 字母表的第一个字母 ‘Apple’ begins with (an) A/‘A’. 2 A [countable, uncountable] (music) the 6th note in the scale of C major C大调音阶中的第6个音 3 [countable, uncountable] the highest mark / grade that a student can get for a piece of work or course of study  学生在一项工作或一门课程中所能得到的最高分数或等级
    • She got (an) A in/for Biology.
    • He had straight A's (= nothing but A's) all through high school.
    4 A [uncountable] used to represent the first of two or more possibilities 用于表示两种或两种以上可能性中的第一种
    • Shall we go for plan A or plan B?
    5 A [uncountable] used to represent a person, for example in an imagined situation or to hide their identity 用来表示一个人,例如在一个想象的情境中或用来隐藏他们的身份
    • Assume A knows B is guilty. 假设A知道B有罪。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 [countable, uncountable] the first letter of the English alphabet 2 [countable, uncountable] the sixth note in the musical scale of C major or the musical key based on this note 3 [countable] the highest mark that a student can get in an examination or for a piece of work 
    • I got an A in French. 
    • Julia got straight A’s (=all A’s) in high school.
     A level 4  an A student5 [uncountable] used to refer in a short way to one of two different things or people.  You can call the second one B  A demands £500, B offers £100.  plan A 6  from A to B  from one place to another   
    • get/go from A to B 
    • Hiring a car was the best way to get from A to B.
    7 from A to Z describing, including, or knowing everything about a subject 
    • the history of art from A to Z
    8 [uncountable] a common type of blood [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1.N-VAR 可变名词英语字母表的第1个字母 A is the first letter of the English alphabet.
    2.N-VAR 可变名词C大调音阶中的第六音;A音 In music, A is the sixth note in the scale of C major.
    3.N-VAR 可变名词(作业、考试等)甲等,优等 If you get an A as a mark for a piece of work or in an exam, your work is extremely good.
    4.(用于首字母为 a 的一些单词的缩写,如 acceleration,ampère和answer) A or a is used as an abbreviation for words beginning with a, such as 'acceleration', 'ampère', or 'answer'.
    5.PHRASE 短语从一处到另一处;从甲地到乙地 People talk about getting from A to B when they are referring generally to journeys they need to make, without saying where the journeys will take them.
    【搭配模式】:PHR after v
    • Cars are for getting people from A to B in maximum safety. 汽车用于将人们尽可能安全地从一地送往另一地。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    noun
    or A /ˈeɪ/
    plural a's or as or A's or As
    : the first letter of the English alphabet英语字母表的第1个字母
    [count]
    [noncount]
    : a musical note or key referred to by the letter A : the sixth tone of a C-major scale*A音(C大调音阶的第6音或音符);A调
    [count]
    [noncount]
    3 [count] : a grade that is given to a student for doing excellent work(学业成绩)第一等,优秀
    [noncount] — used to refer to the first of two or more people, places, or things that are being considered(正在考虑的人、地点或事物中的)第一个,甲

    from A to Z

    : including everything从头到尾;全部

    from (point) A to (point) B

    : from one place to another从一地到另一地
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • a.m.

    英 [ˌeɪ'em]     美 [ˌeɪ'em]     abbr. 上午,午前(=ante meridiem) [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 真题好句 am a.m. AM A.M. 高中必修500 全国卷频次:70 /ˌeɪˈem/ abbr. 上午,午前 高考真题原句提选: It was nearly 3 a.m. by the time I got into bed. The lost property (失物招领) office is open Monday to Friday 7:30 am to 5:00 pm. Convenient class hours: 9:00-12:00 am and 2:00-5:00 pm. It was nearly 3 a.m. by the time I got into bed. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] a.m. a.m. (NAmE also A.M.) / 7ei 5em / abbreviation between midnight and midday (from Latin 'ante meridiem') 午夜至正午,上午,午前(源自拉丁语 ante meridiem): It starts at 10 a.m. 上午 10 点开始。 ⇨ compare p.m. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] a.m. (also am British English) /ˌeɪ ˈem/ ●●● W2 → wpm, rpm, p.m. (ante meridiem) used to talk about times that are after midnight but before midday 午前,上午 → p.m. Work starts at 9 am. 上午 9 点开始上班。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] a.m. abbreviation or AM or British am in the morning — used with numbers to show the time of day上午,午前(与数字连用) She woke up at 6 a.m. and didn't go to bed until midnight. 她早上6点起床,直到半夜才睡下。 The class is held from 11:30 a.m. to/until 2:15 p.m. 这堂课从上午11:30开始到下午2:15结束。 12 a.m. [=midnight, one hour after 11 p.m.] 午夜12点 ◊ The abbreviation a.m. stands for the Latin phrase ante meridiem, which means “before noon.”*a.m.是拉丁文短语ante meridiem的缩略词,意为before noon。 — compare p.m. [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • ability

     [ə'bɪləti]     美 [ə'bɪləti]    
    • n. 能力;才能
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、重点短语: have/lose the ability to do sth. 拥有/失去 做某事的能力 例: Behind each door you open are chances to learn new things, and you have the ability to make your own choices.  在你打开的每扇门后面都有学习新事物的机会,你有能力做出自己的选择。 二、复数形式 abilities 三、词义辨析 ability, genius, talent 和 gift ability 普通用词,指人先天的或学来的各种能力。 genius 语气最强,指天赋的高度才能与智力。 talent 着重指人某方面具有可发展和培养的突出天赋才能,但语意比genius弱。 gift 着重个人的天赋的才能或在某方面的显著本领,常暗含不能用一般规律作解释的意味。 四、常用搭配
    innovation ability 创新能力
    learning ability 学习能力
    practical ability 实践能力;实际能力
    technical ability 技术能力
    reading ability 阅读能力
    management ability 管理能力
    writing ability 写作能力;书写能力
    working ability 工作能力,加工能力
    physical ability 体能,体质能力;身体能力
    cognitive ability 认知能力
    service ability 工作能力
    ability to pay 支付能力
    combining ability 配合力
    develop ability 发挥才能
    executive ability 执行力;行政能力
    natural ability 本能
    administrative ability 行政能力;经营才能
    unique ability 独有能力
    adaptive ability 自适应能力
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] (pl. -ies) 1. [sing.] ~ to do sth the fact that sb / sth is able to do sth    能力: The system has the ability to run more than six program at the same time. 该系统能够同时运行一个以上的程序。 Everyone has the right to good medical care regardless of their ability to pay. 无论支付能力如何,每个人都有权得到良好的医疗照顾。 A gentle form of exercise will increase your ability to relax. 和缓的运动锻炼会提高自我放松的能力。 OPP  inability 2. [C, U] a level of skill or intelligence    才能;本领;才智: Almost everyone has some musical ability. 几乎人人都有一些音乐才能。 He was a man of extraordinary abilities. 他才干卓着。 students of mixed abilities 能力各不相同的学生 A woman of her ability will easily find a job. 有她那样才能的妇女找工作不难。 I try to do my job to the best of my ability (= as well as I can). 我尽全力做好我的工作。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ability a·bil·i·ty / E5bIlEtI ; E5bIlEti /noun (plural abilities) 1. Cthe state of being able to do something能力,能够: ability to do sth
    the ability to walk行走的能力
    The health center serves all patients, regardless of their ability to pay.医疗中心为所有病人服务,不管他们的支付能力如何。
    I don't have the ability to say 'no'.“不”字我说不出口。
    2. C,Usomeone's level of skill at doing something能力〔的水平〕; 本领; 技能: athletic / musical / artistic etc ability
    The test measures verbal and mathematical ability.这种测试考查的是语言能力和数学能力。
    leadership ability领导能力
    It takes hard work and natural ability to make it as a professional athlete.成为职业运动员需要刻苦的训练以及天赋。
    There are musicians of all abilities in the orchestra.那支管弦乐队各种演奏水平的乐师都有。
    of great / exceptional etc ability
    He's a writer of remarkable ability.他是个才华横溢的作家。
    of high / low / average ability
    students of average ability中等能力的学生
    mixed ability classes (=classes that include students who are at different levels)学生能力参差不齐的班级
    3. to the best of your ability as well as you can竭尽全力:
    He completed the job to the best of his ability.他尽全力完成了工作。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1.N-SING 单数名词能力 Your ability to do something is the fact that you can do it.
    【搭配模式】:N to-inf
    • The public never had faith in his ability to handle the job... 公众从来不相信他有能力胜任这一职位。
    • He has the ability to bring out the best in others. 他能做到扬人之长。
    2.N-VAR 可变名词才能;技能;本领 Your ability is the quality or skill that you have which makes it possible for you to do something.
    【搭配模式】:oft with poss
    • Her drama teacher spotted her ability... 她的戏剧老师发现了她的才能。
    • I have confidence in the ability of the players... 我对于球员们的能力充满信心。
    • They repeatedly questioned his leadership abilities... 他们一再质疑他的领导才能。
    • Does the school cater for all abilities? 学校能够做到因材施教吗?
    3.PHRASE 短语尽…所能地;竭尽全力地 If you do something to the best of your abilities or to the best of your ability, you do it as well as you can.
    • I take care of them to the best of my abilities... 我尽我所能地照顾他们。
    • They tackled them to the best of their ability. 他们竭尽全力给予解决。
    Usage Note :Do not confuse ability with capability and capacity. You often use ability to say that someone can do something well. He had remarkable ability as a musician. ...the ability to bear hardship. A person's capability is the amount of work they can do and how well they can do it. ...a job that was beyond the capability of one man. ...the director's ideas of the capability of the actor. If someone has a particular capacity, a capacity for something, or a capacity to do something, they have the qualities required to do it. Capacity is a more formal word than ability...their capacity for hard work. ...his capacity to see the other person's point of view. 不要混淆 ability, capability 和 capacity。ability 常用于表示某人将某件事做好的能力:He had remarkable ability as a musician(他拥有杰出的音乐才华),the ability to bear hardship(承受苦难的能力)。capability 指某人所能完成的工作量以及所能达到的工作质量:a job that was beyond the capability of one man(个人力所不及的工作),the director's ideas of the capability of the actor(导演对于这个演员演技的看法)。capacity指做成某件事所需的素质, 用法比 ability 更加正式,例如 their capacity for hard work(他们能吃苦耐劳),his capacity to see the other person's point of view(他领会他人观点的能力)。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    plural   abilities
    : the power or skill to do something能力;才能;技能
    [count]
    — often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式
    [noncount]
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • able

    ['eɪbl]     美 ['eɪbl] adj. 能够的;有能力的;能干的 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、词形变化 able -> unable   反义词  不能够(……的) able -> ability 变成名词  能力,才能 able -> disable  v. 使 ... 失去能力 -> disabled  adj. 残废的;有缺陷的 二、词组短语 be able to do sth. 能够/有能力做某事  = have the ability to do sth. He is a clever boy. He is always able to come up with good ideas. = He is a clever boy. He has the ability to come up with good ideas. 三、词义辨析 be able to与can 这两者都有“能”的意思。其区别在于: 1.can还可表示“可以”“可能”,即具有某种感情色彩。例如: Can I come in?我可以进来吗? That can't be true.那不可能是真的。 以上两句都不可换用be able to。 2.can只有现在时和过去时两种形式,而be able to则有多种时态形式。试比较下面两句: Will you be able to come tomorrow? 你明天能来吗?(将来时) This factory has been able to produce newly-devised sewing machines. 这家工厂已能生产新设计的缝纫机了。(完成时) 3.在be able to之前可加用另外一个助动词,且多用于否定或疑问结构,而can则无此用法。 4.用于否定结构, be able to表达一时情况,而can则表达往常情况。试比较下面两句: He is not able to swim today. 他今天不能游泳。 He can't swim at all. 他根本不会游泳。 5.be able to后可接系表结构,表示一种状态或性质;而can没有这种用法。例如: He was able to be cold about her now.他现在对她可能有些冷淡。 6.be able to有非谓语动词形式,而can则没有。例如: I hope to be able to do the work.我希望能做这项工作。[/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adjective1. ~ to do sth (used as a modal verb 用作情态动词) to have the skill, intelligence, opportunity, etc. needed to do sth    能;能够: You must be able to speak French for this job. 干这项工作你得会说法语。 A viral illness left her barely able to walk. 一场病毒引起的疾病使她走路都十分困难。 I didn't feel able to disagree with him. 我觉得无法不同意他的意见。 Will you be able to come? 你能来吗? OPP  unable ⇨ note at can ¹ 2. (abler / 5eiblE(r) / , ablest / 5eiblist / ) intelligent; good at sth    有才智的;有才能的;(某方面)擅长的: the ablest student in the class 班上最有才华的学生 We aim to help the less able in society to lead an independent life. 我们的宗旨是帮助社会上能力较弱的人独立生活。 ⇨ see also ably
     WORD FAMILY able adj. ( ≠ unable ) ability n. ( ≠ inability ) disabled adj. disability n.
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adj 1. be able to do sth a. to have the skill, strength, knowledge etc needed to do something有能力做某事,会做某事:
    I've always wanted to be able to speak Japanese .我一直想学会讲日语。
    b. to be in a situation in which it is possible for you to do something可以去做某事:
    I'd like to do more gardening, but I never seem able to find the time.我想多干点园艺活,可似乎总是找不到时间。
    I haven't been able to read that report yet.我还未能看那份报告。
    2. clever or good at doing something熟练的; 精通〔某事〕的:
    one of my more able students我班上能力比较强的学生之一
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1.PHR-MODAL 情态动词短语(因具有品质或技能)能做到…的 If you are able to do something, you have skills or qualities which make it possible for you to do it.
    • The older child should be able to prepare a simple meal...那个年纪稍大的孩子应当会做一顿简单的饭菜。
    • The company say they're able to keep pricing competitive...该公司说他们能够使定价保持竞争力。
    • They seemed able to work together very efficiently.他们看来能很有效率地合作。
    2.PHR-MODAL 情态动词短语(因有足够的自由、权力、时间、财力等而)可以…的,能够…的 If you are able to do something, you have enough freedom, power, time, or money to do it.
    • You'll be able to read in peace...你就能安心地读书了。
    • Have you been able to have any kind of contact?...你联系上了吗?
    • It would be nice to be able to afford to retire earlier.无后顾之忧而能提早退休当是件幸事。
    3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词聪明能干的;能力出众的 Someone who is able is very clever or very good at doing something.
    • ...one of the brightest and ablest members of the government...政府里最聪明能干的成员之一
    • They are bright, intelligent, able and confident.他们聪明又智慧,能干又自信。
    Usage Note :Note that able and capable are both used to say that someone can do something. When you say that someone is able to do something, you mean that they can do it either because of their knowledge or skill, or because it is possible. He wondered if he would be able to climb over the rail... They were able to use their profits for new investments. Note that if you use a past tense, you are saying that someone has actually done something. We were able to reduce costs. When you say that someone is capable of doing something, you mean either that they have the knowledge and skill to do it, or that they are likely to do it. The workers are perfectly capable of running the organization themselves... She was quite capable of falling asleep. You can say that someone is capable of a particular feeling or action. He's capable of loyalty... Bowman could not believe him capable of murder. You can also use 'capable of' when talking about what something such as a car or machine can do. The car was capable of 110 miles per hour. If you describe someone as able or capable, you mean that they do things well. He's certainly a capable gardener. 注意,able和capable都用来表示某人能做某事。able 既可表示因拥有某种知识或技能而能做某事,也可表示客观可能:He wondered if he would be able to climb over the rail (他不知自己能否攀过栏杆),They were able to use their profits for new investments (他们得以将利润用于再投资)。要注意的是,如果用过去时,则表示实际做了该事:We were able to reduce costs (我们做到了降低成本)。capable既可表示具有做某事的技能或知识,也可表示做某事有较大的可能性:The workers are perfectly capable of running the organization themselves (工人完全能够自己管理这个机构),She was quite capable of falling asleep (她很容易睡着)。capable 还可表示具有某种情感或能够做出某一行为:He's capable of loyalty (他能做到忠心耿耿),Bowman could not believe him capable of murder (鲍曼无法相信他会杀人)。capable亦用于指汽车、机器等的性能:The car was capable of 110 miles per hour (这辆车时速可达110英里)。able或capable形容人时表示“有能力的”、“能力强的”:He's certainly a capable gardener (他绝对是一名能干的园丁)。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    not used before a noun
    : having the power, skill, money, etc., that is needed to do something能,能够(指具备足够的能力、技能、金钱等)
    — usually followed by to + verb通常接动词不定式
    : not prevented from doing something : having the freedom or opportunity to do something可以;有机会
    — usually followed by to + verb通常接动词不定式
    — used to say that the quality or condition of something makes something possible(质量或条件)使有可能
    [also more able; most able] abler; ablest : having skill or talent有能力的;有技能的;有天赋的
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • about

    英 [ə'baʊt]     美 [ə'baʊt]    
    • prep. 关于;大约;在 ... 周围
    • adv. 大约;附近;到处;在周围
    • adj. 即将的;正要的;在流行中的
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、相关短语 What /How about ... ?   ……怎么样? care about  关心,在意 worry about / be worried about  担心…… be sorry/excited about    对……感到难过/兴奋 be about to do sth.   即将要做某事 二、词义辨析 almost 指在程度上相差很小,差不多。 nearly 与almost含义基本相同,侧重指数量、时间或空间上的接近。 about 常可分almost和nearly换用,但about用于表示时间、数量的“大约”时,实际数量可能多也可能少。 approximately 多用于书面语,指精确度接近某个标准以致误差可忽略不计。 around 多用于非正式场合,常见于美国英语。 roughly 指按精略估计,常代替about。 三、常见搭配
    how about 你认为…怎样
    what about 怎么样;(对于)…怎么样
    all about 到处,各处;关于…的一切
    about us 关于我们;公司简介
    do about 处理;应付;就某事采取行动或措施
    go about v. 着手做;四处走动;传开;从事
    about to do 刚要;即将
    about of 打算;即将
    out and about 能够外出走动
    up and about (病人病情好转)起床走动
    on or about 大约于…
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adverb1. a little more or less than; a little before or after    大约;左右 SYN  approximately : It costs about $10. 这大约要花 10 元钱。 They waited (for) about an hour. 他们等了一小时左右。 He arrived (at) about ten. 他是十点钟左右到的。 2. nearly; very close to    将近;几乎: I'm just about ready. 我就要准备好了。 This is about the best we can hope for. 这差不多是我们所能希望的最好结果。 3. (especially BrE) in many directions; here and there    到处;处处;各处: The children were rushing about in the garden. 孩子们在花园里跑来跑去。 4. (especially BrE) in no particular order; in various places    凌乱地;四处;到处: Her books were lying about on the floor. 她的书在地板上东一本西一本地放着。 5. (especially BrE) doing nothing in particular    闲着;无所事事: People were standing about in the road. 人们在路上闲站着。 6. (especially BrE) able to be found in a place    在某地;附近;周围: There was nobody about. 附近没有人。 There's a lot of flu about. 这一带流感肆虐。 7. (technical 术语 or formal) facing the opposite direction    向后转;掉转方向;掉头: He brought the ship about. 他掉转船头。 ⇨ note at around IDIOMS  that's about 'all | that's about 'it used to say that you have finished telling sb about sth and there is nothing to add    我要说的就是这些;我的话完了: 'Anything else?' 'No, that's about it for now.' "还有什么要说的吗?" "没有了,现在我要说的就是这些。" ⇨ more at just adv., out adv.preposition 1. on the subject of sb / sth; in connection with sb / sth    关于;对于: a book about flowers 一本关于花卉的书 Tell me all about it. 把这件事全部告诉我。 What's she so angry about? 她为什么生这么大的气? There's something strange about him. 他有点怪。 I don't know what you're on about (= talking about). 我不懂你在谈什么。 There's nothing you can do about it now. 现在你对此毫无办法。 2. used to describe the purpose or an aspect of sth    目的是;为了;涉及…方面: Movies are all about making money these days. 当今电影就是只顾赚钱。 What was all that about? (= what was the reason for what has just happened?) 这到底是怎么回事? 3. busy with sth; doing sth    忙于;从事于: Everywhere people were going about their daily business. 无论哪里人们都在忙着干日常工作。 And while you're about it... (= while you're doing that) 在你干这件事的同时,顺便… 4. (especially BrE) in many directions in a place; here and there    在…到处;在…各处: We wandered about the town for an hour or so. 我们在城里到处游逛了一个小时左右。 He looked about the room. 他在房间里四下看了看。 5. (especially BrE) in various parts of a place; here and there    在…四处: The papers were strewn about the room. 房间里四处乱扔着文件。 6. (especially BrE) next to a place or person; in the area mentioned    在…附近;在…地方: She's somewhere about the office. 她在办公室附近。 7. (literary) surrounding sb / sth    围绕: She wore a shawl about her shoulders. 她披了一件披肩。  how / what about...? 1. used when asking for information about sb / sth    (询问消息)怎么样,如何: How about Ruth? Have you heard from her? 鲁思怎么样了?你有她的消息吗? I'm having fish. What about you? 我吃鱼,你呢? 2. used to make a suggestion    (建议时说)怎么样,好吗: How about going for a walk? 去散散步怎么样? What about a break? 休息一下如何?adjective▪ be about to do sth to be close to doing sth; to be going to do sth very soon    即将,行将,正要(做某事): I was just about to ask you the same thing. 我刚才正要问你同一件事情。  not be about to do sth to not be willing to do sth; to not intend to do sth    不愿,无意(做某事): I've never done any cooking and I'm not about to start now. 我从来没有做过饭,也不想从现在开始做起来。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] a·bout / E5baut ; E5baJt /preposition 1. concerning or relating to a particular subject关于:
    a book about politics一本有关政治的书
    She said something about leaving town.她说了些要离开镇子的话。
    He lied about his age.他谎报年龄。
    About that car of yours. How much are you setting it for?说到你的那辆车,你打算卖什么价钱?
    What's he on about (=talking about) ?他在说些什么?
    It's about Tommy, doctor. He's been sick again.医生,是汤米,他又病了。
    Naturally, my mother wanted to know all about it (=all the details relating to it) .很自然,我母亲想知道事情的全部。
    2. used to show why someone is angry, happy, upset etc因为〔用以表明生气、开心、烦恼等的原因〕:
    I'm really worried about Jack.我很担心杰克。
    She's upset about missing the party.她因为错过聚会而不开心。
    3. in many different directions within a particular place, or in different parts of a place到处;SYNaround,round
    We spent the whole afternoon walking about town.我们整个下午都在城里四处走。
    Books were scattered about the room.房间里到处摊著书。
    4. in the nature or character of a person or thing在…(身)上〔指性格或特点〕:
    There's something really strange about Liza.莉莎真有点怪。
    What I like about the job is that it's never boring.这份工作我喜欢的是它从不枯燥。
    5. what / how about sb / sth spoken a. used to ask a question that directs attention to another person or thing某人/某物怎么样(怎么办)〔用以将注意力转向另一人或另一物〕:
    What about Jack? We can't just leave him here.杰克怎么办? 我们不能把他丢在这里不管。
    I'm feeling hungry. How about you?我饿了,你呢?
    b. used to make a suggestion某人/某事物怎么样(好吗)〔用以提建议〕:
    How about a salad for lunch?午饭吃色拉怎么样?
    6. do something about sth to do something to solve a problem or stop a bad situation想办法解决某个问题,处理某坏情况:
    If we don't do something about it, the problem is going to get worse.如果我们不想办法解决,问题会越来越糟。
    What can be done about the rising levels of pollution?污染越来越严重,该如何处理呢?
    7. if an organization, a job, an activity etc is about something, that is its basic purpose目的是:
    Leadership is all about getting your team to co-operate.当领导就是让你的团队齐心协力。
    8. while you're about it spokenused to tell someone to do something while they are doing something else because it would be easier to do both things at the same time顺便:
    Go and see what's the matter, and while you're about it you can fetch me my sweater.去看看怎么回事,顺便把我的毛衣拿来。
    9. what was all that about? spokenused to ask the reason for something that has just happened, especially someone's angry behaviour这究竟怎么回事? 10. literarysurrounding a person or thing围绕〔某人或某事〕:
    Jo sensed fear and jealousy all about her.乔感觉出她周围充满恐惧和妒嫉。
    be quick about it at QUICK¹ (5) go about your business at BUSINESS(12) 2  about  adverb 1. also round about spokena little more or less than a particular number, amount, or size大约,大概;SYN roughly
    I live about 10 miles away.我住的地方离这里十英里左右。
    a tiny computer about as big as a postcard明信片大小的微型计算机
    We left the restaurant at round about 10.30.我们十点半左右离开了餐厅。
    2. BrEin many different directions within a place or in different parts of a place到处,处处;SYN around
    People were rushing about, trying to find the driver.人们跑来跑去,想找到那位司机。
    Cushions were scattered about on the chairs.垫子散放在椅子上。
    3. near to you or in the same place as you在附近,在…周围; 在同一地方:
    Is Derrick about? There's a phone call for him.德里克在吗? 有电话找他。
    Quick! Let's go while there's no-one about.快点儿! 趁没有人在我们赶紧走。
    4. BrE spokenexisting or available now有:
    I hope she hasn't caught flu. There's a lot of it about .我希望她没得流感,最近得流感的人很多。
    She might get temporary work, but there's not much about.她也许可以找个临时的工作,但这种机会不是很多。
    5. informalalmost or probably几乎:
    I was about ready to leave when somebody rang the doorbell.我正准备离开,这时有人按响了门铃。
    'Have you finished?' ' Just about .'“做完了吗?”“差不多了。”
    It's just about the worst mistake anyone could make.这差不多是一个人可能犯的最大的错误。
    6. that's about it / all spoken a. used to tell someone that you have told them everything you know知道的都说了:
    He was a quiet chap, married with kids. That's about it, really.他话不多,已婚,有孩子。 大概就是这样。
    b. used to say that there is nothing else available这就是全部,就这些:
    There's some cheese in the fridge and that's about it.冰箱里有些干酪,就这些。
    7. so as to face in the opposite direction向相反方向,转身,掉头:
    He quickly turned about and walked away.他一个转身就走了。

     3 aboutadjective 1. be about to do sth if someone is about to do something, or if something is about to happen, they will do it or it will happen very soon即将(马上)做某事:
    We were just about to leave when Jerry arrived.我们正要离开,杰里来了。
    Work was about to start on a new factory building.新厂房即将动工。
    2. not be about to do sth informalused to emphasize that you have no intention of doing something不打算做某事〔用于强调〕:
    I've never smoked in my life and I'm not about to start now.我从未抽过烟,现在也不打算学。
    out and about at OUT¹ (3) be up and about at UP¹ (11) [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    In addition to the uses shown below, about is used after some verbs, nouns, and adjectives to introduce extra information. About is also often used after verbs of movement, such as ‘walk’ and ‘drive’, and in phrasal verbs such as ‘mess about’ and ‘set about’, especially in British English. 除下列用法外,about可用在一些动词、名词和形容词后引出附加信息。about还常用在walk, drive等表示动作的动词后或mess about,set about 等短语动词中,这类情况尤见于英国英语。
    1.PREP 介词关于;对于;涉及;在…方面 You use about to introduce who or what something relates to or concerns.
    • She came in for a coffee, and told me about her friend Shona... 她进来喝了杯咖啡,并向我谈起了她的朋友肖纳。
    • She knew a lot about food... 她对食物很在行。
    • He never complains about his wife. 他从不抱怨妻子。
    • ...advice about exercise and diet... 关于锻炼和饮食的建议
    2.PREP 介词包含;目的是;为了 When you mention the things that an activity or institution is about, you are saying what it involves or what its aims are.
    • Leadership is about the ability to implement change. 领导才能就是要有实施变革的能力。
    3.PREP 介词对…表示(情绪或心态) You use about after some adjectives to indicate the person or thing that a feeling or state of mind relates to.
    • 'I'm sorry about Patrick,' she said... “我为帕特里克感到难过,”她说。
    • I feel so guilty and angry about the whole issue. 我对整件事深感内疚和气愤。
    4.PREP 介词针对(问题) If you do something about a problem, you take action in order to solve it.
    • Rachel was going to do something about Jacob... 蕾切尔将对雅各布有所行动。
    • He said he'd ask Nina for a divorce, but he never did anything about it. 他说会跟尼娜提出离婚,可是他却从未付诸实际。
    5.PREP 介词(某人或某事物)具有(某种特性) When you say that there is a particular quality about someone or something, you mean that they have this quality.
    • There was a warmth and passion about him I never knew existed... 他身上有一股我从不知道的热情和激情。
    • I think there's something a little peculiar about the results of your test. 我认为你的化验结果有点不对劲。
    6.ADV 副词大约;左右 About is used in front of a number to show that the number is not exact.
    【搭配模式】:ADV num
    • In my local health centre there's about forty parking spaces... 我们本地的保健中心约有40个停车位。
    • The rate of inflation is running at about 2.7 percent. 通货膨胀率大约为2.7%。
    7.ADV 副词四下;到处 If someone or something moves about, they keep moving in different directions.
    【搭配模式】:ADV after v
    【搭配模式】:v PREP n
    • Everyone was running about. 大家都在跑来跑去。
    • About is also a preposition.
      • From 1879 to 1888 he wandered about Germany, Switzerland, and Italy... 从1879到1888年,他游历于德国、瑞士和意大利等地。
      • His hair was drifting about his shoulders like dirty snow. 他的头发像脏兮兮的雪一样披散在肩上。
    8.PREP 介词围绕;环绕 If you put something about a person or thing, you put it around them.
    • Helen threw her arms about him... 海伦张开双臂拥抱他。
    • She was elegantly dressed with a double strand of pearls about her neck. 她着装典雅,搭配着一条双层珍珠项链。
    9.ADJ 形容词在手头的;现成的;能得到的 If someone or something is about, they are present or available.
    【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ
    • There's lots of money about these days for schemes like this. 近来这类计划资金充足。
    10.ADJ 形容词即将(做…)的;快要(发生…)的 If you are about to do something, you are going to do it very soon. If something is about to happen, it will happen very soon.
    【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ to-inf
    • I think he's about to leave... 我看他要走了。
    • Argentina has lifted all restrictions on trade and visas are about to be abolished... 阿根廷已经取消所有贸易限制,签证制也将废止。
    • The film was about to start. 电影快开场了。
    11. how about→see: how; what about→see: what; just about→see: just;
    Usage Note :When you are talking about movement in no particular direction, you can use around and round as well as about. It's so romantic up there, flying around in a small plane... I spent a couple of hours driving round Richmond... Police constables walk about with guns on their hips. When you are talking about something being generally present or available, you can use around or about, but not round, as adverbs. There is a lot of talent around at the moment... There are not that many jobs about.Round has a lot of other meanings, as a noun, verb, and adjective which you can see at the entry for round. You cannot use about in these cases. 表示没有明确方向的移动,可用around, round 和about: It's so romantic up there, flying around in a small plane(坐着小型飞机在空中翱翔真浪漫),I spent a couple of hours driving round Richmond(我花了几个小时驱车漫游里士满),Police constables walk about with guns on their hips.(警员们胯上别枪四处巡逻)。表示某物就在手头或能够获得,可用around或about作副词, 但不可用round: There is a lot of talent around at the moment(目前有大量现成人才),There are not that many jobs about(可供选择的工作并不多)。round 作名词、动词和形容词有许多其他意思,参见round词条;在这些情况下不可用around。
    12.PHRASE 短语(尤指一段时间无法自由行动后)四处走动,外出活动 If someone is out and about, they are going out and doing things, especially after they have been unable to for a while.
    【搭配模式】:usu PHR after v
    • Despite considerable pain she has been getting out and about almost as normal... 尽管还很痛,她已经基本上行动如常。
    • The regulations were relaxed and the prisoners could get out and about a bit. 规定有所放宽,犯人可以出去短暂放风。
    13.PHRASE 短语(常因工作)奔波 If someone is out and about, they are going to a lot of different places, often as part of their job.
    【搭配模式】:usu PHR after v
    • They often saw me out and about. 他们经常看见我四处奔波。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1 about ˈbaʊt/  adverb
    : almost or nearly几乎;差不多
    — used to indicate that a number, amount, time, etc., is not exact or certain数字、数量、时间等)大约,大概
    : very close to doing something即将;将要;马上 — followed by to + verb接动词不定式
    — often used with not to stress that someone will not do something常与not连用强调某人将不会去做某事
    chiefly British
    : in many different directions(在不同方向)到处,四处
    : in many different places(在不同地点)到处,四处,四下
    : in or near a particular area or place在附近;在旁边
    : in the opposite direction在相反方向;朝相反方向
    2 about ˈbaʊt/ preposition
    — used to indicate the object of a thought, feeling, or action(思想、感情或行动上)关于,涉及
    — used to indicate the subject of something said or written(谈论或写作的主题)涉及,关于
    : as part of (someone or something)在…身上;在…上
    — used to indicate the most important or basic part or purpose of something用于指明事物最重要或最基本的部分
    : near or not far from (something) in time(时间上)接近,在…左右,在…前后
    : in the area near to (something or someone)在…附近
    : over or in different parts of (a place)在(某地)各处
    : on every side of (something or someone)在…周围;环绕;围绕
    — used to say that something is done quickly or slowly用于表达做事快或慢
    chiefly British : in the act or process of doing (something)在…的过程中;从事于

    how about

    what about

    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • above

     [ə'bʌv]     美 [ə'bʌv]    
    • prep. 超过;在 ... 上面;高于
    • adj. 上面的;以上的
    • adv. 在上面;超过;更重要地;上文地
    • n. 上面的东西
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、多词性 副词 介词 形容词 二、词义辨析 above , on 与 over above 一般指位置高于某物,但不一定在正上方,也不接触另一物,其反义词是below。 on 指与另一物表面相接触。 over 指一物在另一物的垂直上方,多暗示悬空,但也含“覆盖于……之上”之意。其反义词是under。 三、习惯用语
    above oneself 自高自大;趾高气扬;兴高采烈
    above all 首先;尤其是
    from above 从…上面;从上级;从天上
    all above 以上都是;所有上面的
    all of the above 上述全部
    well above 大大超过;远高于…
    over and above 除…之外;在…之上
    above and beyond 大于
    get above oneself 变得自高自大;自视甚高
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] preposition1. at or to a higher place or position than sth / sb    在(或向)…上面: The water came above our knees. 水淹过了我们的膝盖。 We were flying above the clouds. 我们在云层上面飞行。 the people in the apartment above mine 我楼上那套公寓里的人们 A captain in the navy ranks above a captain in the army. 海军的 captain (上校)军衔比陆军的 captain (上尉)高。 They finished the year one places above their local rivals. 这一年结束,他们的排名比当地竞争对手超前六个名次。 2. more than sth; greater in number, level or age than sb / sth    (数目、数量、水平、年龄)超过,多于,大于: Inflation is above 6%. 通货膨胀超过 6%。 Temperatures have been above average. 气温一直比平均温度高。 We cannot accept children above the age of 10. 我们不能接受 10 岁以上的儿童。 3. of greater importance or of higher quality than sb / sth    (重要性、质量)超过,胜过: I rate her above most other players of her age. 我认为她优于大多数同龄参赛者。 4. too good or too honest to do sth    (因善良或诚实正直而)不至于,不屑于(做某事): She's not above lying when it suits her. 她在适当时机还是会说谎的。 He's above suspicion (= he is completely trusted). 他无可置疑。 5. (of a sound 声音) louder or clearer than another sound    (音量或清晰度)超过(另一种声音): I couldn't hear her above the noise of the traffic. 交通嘈杂,我听不见她的声音。 IDIOMS  above 'all most important of all; especially    最重要的是;尤其是: Above all, keep in touch. 最要紧的是保持联系。  a'bove yourself    (disapproving) having too high an opinion of yourself    自高自大;妄自尊大 ⇨ more at over prep.adverb1. at or to a higher place    在(或向)上面;在(或向)较高处: Put it on the shelf above. 把它放到上面的搁板上。 Seen from above the cars looked tiny. 从高处往下看,车辆显得很小。 They were acting on instructions from above (= from sb in a higher position of authority). 他们是在按照上级的指示办事。 2. greater in number, level or age    (数目、数量、水平、年龄)超过,更多,更大: increases of 5% and above 增加 5% 或以上 A score of 70 or above will get you an 'A'. 70 分或以上就可以得"优"。 children aged 12 and above 12 岁或以上的孩子 3. earlier in sth written or printed    上文;前文: As was stated above... 如上所述… See above, page 97. 见前文,第 97 页。adjective[only before noun] mentioned or printed previously in a letter, book, etc.    前文述及的;上述的: Please write to us at the above address. 请按上述地址来函。 • the above noun [sing. + sing. / pl. v.] : Please notify us if the above is not correct. 如果上面所说的不正确,请通知我们。 All the above (= people mentioned above) have passed the exam. 以上各人都通过了考试。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    above1 ●●● S2 W1 adverb preposition 
    1 in a higher position than something else 在()上方 SYN over OPP below
     Our office is above the hairdresser’s.
    我们的办公室在理发店上面。
     He had a bruise just above his left eye.
    就在他左眼上方有块瘀伤。
     I heard a strange noise coming from the room above.
    我听见楼上房间传来奇怪的响声。
     The great bird hovered high above our heads.
    那只大鸟在我们头顶上方的高处盘旋。
    2 more than a particular number, amount, or level 大于,高于,超出 OPP below
     50 metres above sea level 海拔50
    above freezing/zero (=higher than the temperature at which water freezes) 零度以上
     Tonight, temperatures should be just above freezing.
    今晚的温度应该稍稍高于零度。
    and/or above
     free medical care for pensioners aged 65 and above
    65岁及以上的退休金领取者提供的免费医疗
     Prize winners must have gained marks of 80% or above.
    获奖者肯定得到了80分或80分以上。
     The salaries we offer are well above (=much higher than) average.
    我们提供的薪资远高于平均水平。
    3 to a greater degree than something else 高于,重于,甚于
     Many employers value personality above experience or qualifications.
    许多雇主重视个性甚于经验或资历。
    above all (else) (=used to say that something is more important than anything else) 最重要的是
     Max is hard-working, cheerful, and above all honest.
    马克斯工作努力、性格开朗,最重要的是为人诚实。
     medals awarded for bravery above and beyond the call of duty (=greater than it is your duty to show)
    为超越职责要求的勇敢精神而颁发的奖章
    4 louder or clearer than other sounds 〔声音〕比[清楚]
     You can always hear her voice above everybody else’s.
    你总会听到她的嗓门压过其他所有的人。
    5 higher in rank, power, or importance 〔级别、权力或地位〕大于,高于;在上,以上 OPP below
     He never rose above the rank of corporal.
    他的军衔一直没有超过下士。
    and/or above
     officers of the rank of Major and above
    少校及少校以上的军官
    from above (=from people in higher authority) 来自上级的
     We just obey orders from above.
    我们只是遵守上级的命令。
    6 formal before, in the same piece of writing 上述,在上文 OPP below
     As mentioned above, there is a service charge.
    如上所述,须收取服务费。
     Write to the address above for further information.
    详情请致函上述地址查询。
    7 not be above (doing) something to not be too good or honest to do something 没有好[诚实]到不做某事
     Eileen’s not above flirting with the boss when it suits her.
    艾琳在适当的时候还是会和老板调调情的。
    8 be above suspicion/reproach/criticism etc to be so good that no one can doubt or criticize you 无可置疑/指责/批评等
     Even the king’s closest advisers were not above suspicion.
    即使国王的心腹顾问也不能排除嫌疑。
    9. get above yourself to think you are better or more important than you really are 自高自大,自命不凡
     over and above at over1(14), → be above the law at law(13)
    above2 ●●○ W3 adjective 
    1 [only before noun] used in a piece of writing to refer to something mentioned in an earlier part of the same piece of writing 上述的
    2 the above formal something mentioned before in the same piece of writing 上述内容
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1.PREP 介词在…上方;高于 If one thing is above another one, it is directly over it or higher than it.
    【搭配模式】:from ADV
    • He lifted his hands above his head...他将双手举过头顶。
    • Apartment 46 was a quiet apartment, unlike the one above it...和它楼上的那间不同,46号公寓很安静。
    • He was staring into the mirror above him.他盯着在他上方的镜子。
    • Above is also an adverb.
      • A long scream sounded from somewhere above.从上面什么地方传来一声长长的尖叫。
      • ...a picture of the new plane as seen from above...这架新飞机的俯视图
      • There are five bedrooms, a large attic above, and wine cellars below.有5间卧室,顶层是一个宽敞的阁楼,底下是酒窖。
    2.ADV 副词上述;在上文 In writing, you use above to refer to something that has already been mentioned or discussed.
    【搭配模式】:ADV after v
    【搭配模式】:the N
    【搭配模式】:ADJ n
    • Several conclusions could be drawn from the results described above...从上文描述的结果中可以得出几个结论。
    • Full details are in the table above.详细信息请见上文表格。
    • Above is also a noun.
      • For additional information, contact any of the above.如需更多信息,可与以上任何一处联系。
    • Above is also an adjective.
      • For a copy of their brochure, write to the above address.欲索取其宣传册,请写信至以上地址。
    3.PREP 介词(数量或度量)在…以上,超过 If an amount or measurement is above a particular level, it is greater than that level.
    • The temperature crept up to just above 40 degrees...温度攀升至40度出头。
    • Victoria Falls has had above average levels of rainfall this year...维多利亚瀑布今年的降雨量超过了平均水平。
    • These plants must be stored in the light at above freezing temperature...这些植物必须放置于零度以上光照充足的地方。
    • Government spending is planned to rise 3 per cent above inflation.政府开支拟订高出通货膨胀3个百分点。
    • Above is also an adverb.
      • Banks have been charging 25 percent and above for unsecured loans.银行对于没有担保的贷款一直收取25%或更高的费用。
    4.PREP 介词(声音)比…更响亮,盖过 If you hear one sound above another, it is louder or clearer than the second one.
    • ...trying to talk above the noise...努力使说话声高过噪音
    • Then there was a woman's voice, rising shrilly above the barking.接着,一个女人的尖厉声音盖过了犬吠声。
    5.PREP 介词(社会地位或权威)高于 If someone is above you, they are in a higher social position than you or in a position of authority over you.
    • I know you're above me socially, but I must say I find your attitude offensive...我明白你的社会地位比我高,但我得说我觉得你的态度很粗鲁。
    • I married above myself — rich county people...我高攀了一门亲事,是县里的富有人家。
    • Look at the people above you in the positions of power and see what type of characters they are.审视一下权位高于你的那些人,看他们具有哪种类型的性格。
    • Above is also an adverb.
      • The policemen admitted beating the student, but said they were acting on orders from above.警察承认打过这名学生,但说他们只是奉命行事。
    6.PHRASE 短语自视过高;妄自尊大 If you say that someone is getting above themself, you disapprove of them because they think they are better than everyone else.
    【搭配模式】:V inflects
    【语用信息】:disapproval
    【语域标签】:BRIT 英
    • I just think you're getting a little bit above yourself.我只是觉得你变得有点自视过高。
    7.PREP 介词(因自视甚高)不屑于 If you say that someone thinks they are above something, you mean that they act as if they are too good or important for it.
    【语用信息】:disapproval
    • This was clearly a failure by someone who thought he was above failure...这显然是认为自己根本不会失败的人所遭遇的一次失败。
    • I'm not above doing my own cleaning.我很乐意自己做扫除。
    8.PREP 介词不会受到(批评或怀疑);超乎…之所及 If someone is above criticism or suspicion, they cannot be criticized or suspected because of their good qualities or their position.
    【搭配模式】:v-link PREP n
    • The Queen remains above criticism, apart from the issue of her tax liability...抛开她的纳税义务不谈,女王一直无可指摘。
    • He was a respected academic and above suspicion.他是位受人尊敬的学者,根本没有嫌疑。
    9.PREP 介词比…更重要;胜过;优于 If you value one person or thing above any other, you value them more or consider that they are more important.
    • ...his tendency to put the team above everything...他把这个团队看得比什么都重要的倾向
    • I want to be honest, honest above everything else.我想要做到诚实,一切以诚实为上。
    10. over and above→see: over; above the law→see: law; above board→see: board;
    Usage Note :Above and over are both used to talk about position and height. If something is higher than something else and the two things are imagined as being positioned along a vertical line, you can use either above or overHe opened a cupboard above the sink... She leaned forward until her face was over the basin. However, if something is higher than something else but the two things are regarded as being wide or horizontal rather than tall or vertical, you have to use aboveThe trees rose above the row of houses. Above and over are both used to talk about measurements, for example, when you are talking about a point that is higher than another point on a scale. Any money earned over that level is taxed. ...everybody above five feet eight inches in height. You use over to say that a distance or period of time is longer than the one mentioned. ...a height of over twelve thousand feet... Our relationship lasted for over a year. Above and over are also both used to talk about people's rank or importance. You use above to talk about people who are more important and in a higher position than other people. ...behaving as if she was in a position above the other staff. If someone is over you, they give orders or instructions to you. ...an officer in authority over him. above和over均可表示位置和高度。若一物高于另一物,且两者可设想成处于同一垂直线上,则两词都可用:He opened a cupboard above the sink(他打开水池上方的碗柜),She leaned forward until her face was over the basin(她俯身向前,把脸凑到了脸盆上方)。当一物高于另一物,但两者宽而不高,或存在水平而非垂直关系,则须用above:The trees rose above the row of houses(树木矗立在那排房屋的边上)。above和over都可表示度量,例如表示一点在标度上高于另一点:Any money earned over that level is taxed(超过这一标准的收入都要纳税),everybody above five feet eight inches in height(所有身高超过5英尺8英寸的人)。over可用于距离、时间的比较:a height of over twelve thousand feet(超过1.2万英尺的高度),Our relationship lasted for over a year(我们的关系持续了一年多)。above和over都可指人的级别和重要性。above用于表示比他人重要和地位较高者:behaving as if she was in a position above the other staff(表现得好像她比其他员工职位高似的)。over用于表示某人有权下命令或指令:an officer in authority over him(一位军阶在他之上的军官)。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    above ˈbʌv/  adverb
    : in or to a higher place在…上方;向…上方
    ◊ The opposite of every sense of above is below.*above的各义项的反义词都是below。
    : in or to a higher rank or number(级别或数字)高于,在…以上
    : above zero零上;零度以上
    : higher, further up, or earlier on the same page or on a preceding page : at a previous point in the same document(书页、文件等的)前文,上文

    from above

    : from a higher place or position从高处;从上面
    : from someone with greater power or authority从上级;从高层
    2 above ˈbʌv/ preposition
    : in or to a higher place than (something) : over在…上方;向…上方
    — opposite below
    : greater in number, quantity, or size than (something) : more than (something)(数字、数量或尺寸)大于,高于,多于
    — opposite below
    : to a greater degree or extent than (something)(程度)高于,大于
    : in a higher or more important position than (something)(位置)高于
    — opposite below
    : having more importance or power than (someone) : having a higher rank than (someone)(级别)高于
    — opposite below
    : too important for (something) : not able to be affected by (something)超出…所及;不受…的影响
    — see also above the law at law
    : too good for (some type of behavior, work, etc.)不屑于
    : more loudly and clearly than (another sound)(声音)比…响亮,比…清晰

    above all

    : as the most important thing : especially最重要的是;尤其是

    above and beyond

    : far beyond what is required by (something, such as a duty)远远超出(职责等)

    get above yourself

    chiefly British
    : to think you are more important than you really are自高自大;自视过高

    over and above

    — see 2over
    3 above ˈbʌv/ adjective
    : mentioned at an earlier point in the same document : written above上文提到的;前文中的;上述的

    the above

    : something that is mentioned at an earlier point in the same document上文提及之事;前文所提之事
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • abroad

    英 [ə'brɔːd]     美 [ə'brɔːd]    
    • adv. 到国外;广为流传
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 常用搭配
    home and abroad 国内外,海内外
    at home and abroad 国内外
    study abroad 出国留学;海外学习
    go abroad 去国外,出国
    studying abroad 出国留学;出国学习
    went abroad 出国
    travel abroad vi. 出国旅行
    spread abroad 传播
    market abroad 海外市场
    student abroad n. 留学生
    consumption abroad 境外消费(服务贸易)
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adverb(especially BrE) 1. in or to a foreign country    在国外;到国外: to be / go / travel / live abroad 在外国;出国;到国外旅行;在外国居住 She worked abroad for a year. 她在国外工作了一年。 imports of cheap food from abroad 国外廉价食物的进口 He was famous, both at home and abroad (= in his own country and in other countries). 他享誉国内外。 2. (formal) being talked about or felt by many people    广为流传: There was news abroad that a change was coming. 盛传即将有一个变动。 3. (old use) outside; outdoors    在室外;到室外;户外 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    abroad /əˈbrɔːd $ əˈbrɒːd/ ●●● S2 W3 adverb  
    1 in or to a foreign country 在国外;到国外
     I’ve never lived abroad before.
    我以前从未在国外生活过。
     She often goes abroad on business.
    她经常出国公干。
     We never travelled abroad when we were kids.
    我们小时候从来没有去国外旅行过。
     goods imported from abroad
    从国外进口的商品
     The books about Harry Potter have been very popular, both at home and abroad.
    有关哈利·波特的书在国内外一直都很流行。
    2 formal if a feeling, piece of news etc is abroad, a lot of people feel it or know about it 广泛流传
     commercial secrets which we did not want to be spread abroad
    我们不想传出去的商业秘密
    Origin abroad 
    (1500-1600) abroad over a wide area ((13-21 centuries)), from broad
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    abroad ★★★☆☆
    1.ADV 副词到国外;在国外 If you go abroad, you go to a foreign country, usually one which is separated from the country where you live by an ocean or a sea.
    【搭配模式】:ADV after v
    • I would love to go abroad this year, perhaps to the South of France. 我今年很想出国,可能是去法国南部。
    • ...public opposition here and abroad... 国内外公众的反对
    • He will stand in for Mr Goh when he is abroad... 吴先生出国时由他代替。
    • About 65 per cent of its sales come from abroad. 大约65%的销量来自国外。
    2.ADV 副词在四下流传;广为流传地 If there is a story or feeling abroad, people generally know about it or feel it.
    【搭配模式】:n ADV
    • There'll still be a feeling abroad that this change has to be recognised. 人们还会普遍觉得这项变革早晚得接受。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    abroad ˈbrɑːd/  adverb
    : in or to a foreign country在国外;到国外
    formal : going from one person to the next : talked about or known about by many people广为流传;广为人知
    old-fashioned : away from your home在外;离家
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • absence

    英 ['æbsəns]     美 ['æbsəns]    
    • n. 缺席;缺乏
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、词义辨析 lack,want,absence,shortage,scarcity
    • 这些名词均含“缺乏,不足”之意。
    • lack普通用词,指部分或完全的不足。
    • want指完全或短缺某物,侧重缺少之物是必需的东西。使用范围比lack窄些。
    • absence指某物根本不存在或完全短缺,或某人虽存在,但未到现场。
    • shortage指不足,但侧重达不到规定的,需要的或已知应有的数量。
    • scarcity指产量不足或缺乏某物难以应付或满足需要。
    二、习惯用语
    absence of 缺乏
    in the absence of 缺乏,不存在;无…时,缺少…时
    absence from 缺席;不在
    in absence 当…不在的时候;缺席
    in absence of 缺乏…
    absence of mind 心不在焉
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ab·sence 5AbsEns /noun1. [U, C] ~ (from...) the fact of sb being away from a place where they are usually expected to be; the occasion or period of time when sb is away    缺席;不在: absence from work 缺勤 repeated absences from school 一再缺课 The decision was made in my absence (= while I was not there). 这个决定是我不在的时候作出的。 We did not receive any news during his long absence. 我们在他长期离开的时候没有得到一点消息。 ⇨ see also leave 2. [U] the fact of sb / sth not existing or not being available; a lack of sth    不存在;缺乏: The case was dismissed in the absence of any definite proof. 此案因缺乏确凿证据而不予受理。 the absence of any women on the board of directors 董事会成员中没有妇女的现象 OPP  presence IDIOMS  7absence makes the heart grow 'fonder (saying) used to say that when you are away from sb that you love, you love them even more    不相见,倍思念 ⇨ more at conspicuous [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absence /ˈæbsəns/ ●●● S3 W2 noun
    1 [countableuncountable] when you are not in the place where people expect you to be, or the time that you are away不在,缺席
    in/during somebody’s absence
     Ms Leighton will be in charge during my absence (=while I am away).
    我不在时,由莱顿女士负责。
    absence from
     Her work involved repeated absences from home.
    她的工作使她经常不在家。
    2 [singular] the lack of something or the fact that it does not exist缺乏;没有OPP presence
    absence of
     a complete absence of any kind of planning
    毫无计划
     In the absence of any evidence, the police had to let Myers go.
    警察没有证据,只好把迈尔斯放了。
    3. absence makes the heart grow fonderused to say that being away from someone makes you like them more人不见,心更念;久别情更深
     leave of absence at leave2(3), → conspicuous by your absence at conspicuous(3) [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absence ★★★☆☆
    1.N-VAR 可变名词不在;缺席 Someone's absence from a place is the fact that they are not there.
    【搭配模式】:with supp
    • ...a bundle of letters which had arrived for me in my absence... 我不在期间寄给我的一大堆信件
    • Eleanor would later blame her mother-in-law for her husband's frequent absences. 埃莉诺过后会因丈夫经常不在家而责怪婆婆。
    2.N-SING 单数名词缺乏;不存在 The absence of something from a place is the fact that it is not there or does not exist.
    【搭配模式】:with supp
    • The presence or absence of clouds can have an important impact on heat transfer... 有无云层对热量的传递会产生重要的影响。
    • In the absence of a will the courts decide who the guardian is. 在没有遗嘱的情况下,由法庭指定监护人。
    3.See also:leave of absence; conspicuous by one's absence→see: conspicuous;
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    absence /ˈæbsəns/  noun
    plural absences
    [singular] : a state or condition in which something expected, wanted, or looked for is not present or does not exist : a state or condition in which something is absent缺乏
    [count]
    : a failure to be present at a usual or expected place缺席;缺勤;不在场
    : a period of time when someone is not present at a place, job, etc.缺席期间;休假期间
    — see also leave of absence
    ◊ The saying absence makes the heart grow fonder means that you tend to like someone better when that person goes away for a time.小别情更浓

    in someone's absence

    : while someone is away(某人)不在时,缺席时
    : in the place of someone who is not present代替,代表(不在场者)
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • absent

    英 ['æbsənt]     美 ['æbsənt]  
    • adj. 缺席的;不在的;缺乏的
    • vt. 使缺席
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、习惯用语 absent from 缺席 absent minded 健忘的 absent from work 旷工;缺勤
    二、辨析
    be absent from, be absent in
    • 这两个短语在接表示地点的名词时,含意不同:be absent from的意思是“不在…(地方)”; be absent in的意思是“在某地,而不在说话人所在地”。试比较:
    • He was absent from London.
    • 他不在伦敦。
    • He was absent in London.
    • 他不在这里,而在伦敦。
    三、变形 absent -> absence n. 缺席 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ab·sentadjective/ 5AbsEnt / 1. ~ (from sth) not in a place because of illness, etc.    缺席;不在: to be absent from work 缺勤 OPP  present 2. ~ (from sth) not present in sth    不存在;缺少: Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时根本没有受到疼爱。 OPP  present 3. showing that you are not really looking at or thinking about what is happening around you    心不在焉的;出神的: an absent expression 心不在焉的神情 ⇨ see also absentlyverb/ Ab5sent / [VN] ~ yourself (from sth) (formal) to not go to or be in a place where you are expected to be    缺席;不参加;不在: He had absented himself from the office for the day. 这一天他没有去办公室上班。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    absent1 /ˈæbsənt/ ●●● W2 adjective 
    1 not at work, school, a meeting etc, because you are sick or decide not to go 缺席的,不在的 OPP present
    absent from
    students who are regularly absent from school
    经常缺课的学生
    2 if someone or something is absent, they are missing or not in the place where they are expected to be 缺乏的,不在场的
    absent parent/father
     plans to force absent fathers to pay child maintenance
    强制不和小孩生活在一起的父亲支付抚养费的计划
    absent from
     Local women were conspicuously absent (=obviously not there) from the meeting.
    当地妇女缺席会议,众目昭彰。
    3 [only before noun] a look etc that is absent shows you are not paying attention to or thinking about what is happening 心不在焉的 → absently
     The dull, absent look on her face implied boredom.
    她脸上呆滞、茫然的神情说明她觉得无聊了。
    absent2 /əbˈsent, æb- $ æb-/ verb [transitive] formal 
    absent yourself (from something) formal to not go to a place or take part in an event where people expect you to be 缺席,不参加
    Origin absent1 
    (1300-1400) Old French Latin, present participle of abesse, from ab- away + esse to be
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absent ★★☆☆☆
    The adjective and preposition are pronounced /'æbsənt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'sent/. 形容词和介词读作 /'æbsənt/。动词读作 /æb'sent/。
    1.ADJ 形容词不在的;缺席的 If someone or something is absent from a place or situation where they should be or where they usually are, they are not there.
    【搭配模式】:usu v-link ADJ
    • He has been absent from his desk for two weeks... 他已经有两个星期没有坐在办公桌前了。
    • The pictures, too, were absent from the walls... 那些画也不在墙上了。
    • Any soldier failing to report would be considered absent without leave and punished accordingly. 士兵若未报到将被视为擅离职守而受处分。
    2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词出神的;心不在焉的 If someone appears absent, they are not paying attention because they are thinking about something else.
    • 'Nothing,' Rosie said in an absent way. “没什么,”罗茜心不在焉地说。
    absently
    • He nodded absently. 他漫不经心地点了点头。
    3.ADJ 形容词(父或母)不与子女一起住的 An absent parent does not live with his or her children.
    【搭配模式】:ADJ n
    • ...absent fathers who fail to pay towards the costs of looking after their children. 那些不在子女身边、未能支付抚养费的父亲
    4.VERB 动词使不在,使离开(本应在或通常在的地方) If someone absents themselves from a place where they should be or where they usually are, they do not go there or they do not stay there.
    【语法信息】:V pron-refl from n
    【语法信息】:V pron-refl
    【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式
    • She was old enough to absent herself from the lunch table if she chose... 她长大了,可以自己做主不来吃午餐了。
    • He pleaded guilty before a court martial to absenting himself without leave. 在军事法庭上他对自己擅离职守表示服罪。
    5.PREP 介词若没有;假设没有 If you say that absent one thing, another thing will happen, you mean that if the first thing does not happen, the second thing will happen.
    【语域标签】:AM 美
    【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式
    • Absent a solution, people like Sue Godfrey will just keep on fighting. 假如得不到解决,像休·戈弗雷这样的人就会一直坚持斗争下去。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1 absent /ˈæbsənt/  adjective
    : not present at a usual or expected place缺席的;不在场的
    — often + from
    : not present at all : not existing不存在的;没有的
    — sometimes + from
    always used before a noun : showing that a person is thinking about something else : showing a lack of attention to what is happening or being said心不在焉的;注意力不集中的

    — absently

    adverb
    2 absent /æbˈsɛnt/  verb
    absents; absented; absenting

    absent yourself

    formal
    : to go or stay away from something缺席;离开;不在场
    3 absent /ˈæbsənt/  preposition
    US, formal
    : in the absence of (something) : without缺乏;没有
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • absolutely

    • adv. 完全地;绝对地;[语]独立地
    • int. (表示赞同)完全正确,一点没错
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、习惯用语 absolutely necessary 绝对必要   [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ab·so·lute·ly 5AbsElu:tli /adverb1. used to emphasize that sth is completely true    (强调真实无误)绝对地,完全地: You're absolutely right. 你完全正确。 He made it absolutely clear. 他把此事讲得一清二楚。 2. ~ no ... | ~ nothing used to emphasize sth negative    绝对不;完全没有: She did absolutely no work. 她一点活儿也没有干。 There's absolutely nothing more the doctors can do. 医生的确再也无计可施了。 3. used with adjectives or verbs that express strong feelings or extreme qualities to mean 'extremely'    极其: I was absolutely furious with him. 我被他气死了。 She absolutely adores you. 她极为崇拜你。 He's an absolutely brilliant cook. 他的厨艺精湛至极。 4. / 7AbsE5lu:tli / used to emphasize that you agree with sb, or to give sb permission to do sth    (强调同意或允许)当然,对极了: 'They could have told us, couldn't they?' 'Absolutely!' "他们本来可以告诉我们的,不是吗?" "当然!" 'Can we leave a little early?' 'Absolutely!' "我们可以早一点离开吗?" "完全可以!" 5. ~ not used to emphasize that you strongly disagree with sb, or to refuse permission    (强调很不同意或不允许)当然不,绝对不行: 'Was it any good?' 'No, absolutely not.' "那有什么好处吗?" "绝对没有。" [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absolutely /ˈæbsəluːtli, ˌæbsəˈluːtli/ ●●● S1 W3 adverb 
    1 completely and in every way 完全地;绝对地
     He made his reasons for resigning absolutely clear.
    他把辞职的理由讲得一清二楚。
     Are you absolutely sure?
    你绝对肯定吗?
     This cake is absolutely delicious.
    这蛋糕好吃极了。
    2 used to emphasize something 确确实实地,绝对〔用于强调〕
     The burglars took absolutely everything.
    盗贼偷走了所有的东西。
     Jim knew absolutely nothing about the business when he joined the firm.
    吉姆加入公司时对这个行业一窍不通。
     He has absolutely no experience of marketing.
    他毫无营销经验。
    3 absolutely not! spoken used when you strongly disagree with someone or when you do not want someone to do something 绝对不行! 当然不!
     ‘Do you let your kids travel alone at night?’ ‘Absolutely not!’
    你会让孩子们晚上单独外出吗?”“当然不行!
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absolutely ★★★★☆
    1.ADV 副词完全地;彻底地 Absolutely means totally and completely.
    【搭配模式】:usu ADV adj/adv
    【语用信息】:emphasis
    • Jill is absolutely right... 吉尔完全正确。
    • absolutely refuse to get married... 我决不结婚。
    • There is absolutely no difference! 这绝对没有任何不同!
    2.ADV 副词(用于强调)确实地,绝对地 Some people say absolutely as an emphatic way of saying yes or of agreeing with someone. They say absolutely not as an emphatic way of saying no or of disagreeing with someone.
    【搭配模式】:ADV as reply
    【语用信息】:emphasis
    • 'It's worrying, isn't it?' – 'Absolutely.'... “这让人担忧,不是吗?”——“确实是。”
    • 'Did they approach you?' – 'No, absolutely not.' “他们找过你了吗?”——“没有,绝对没有。”
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    absolutely /ˈæbsəˌluːtli/  adverb
    : in an absolute way完全地;彻底地;绝对地: such as
    : completely or totally完全地;彻底地
    — often used to make a statement more forceful常用于加强语气
    : with unlimited power专制地;独裁地;以无限的权力
    — used in speech as a forceful way of saying “yes” or of expressing agreement当然,对极了(用于加强语气,表示完全同意或赞成
    ◊ Absolutely not is used in speech as a forceful way of saying “no” or of expressing disagreement.当然不(用于加强语气,表示完全不同意或不赞同)
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • absorb

    英 [əb'sɔːb]     美 [əb'sɔːrb]    
    • vt. 吸收;吸引 ... 的注意;吞并;承受
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、相关词汇
    近义词
    v.
    sorb, take up, learn, larn, acquire, fund, blend
    反义词
    n.
    emit, give out, give off
    解析
    absorb 普通用词,词义广泛,既可指吸收光、热、液体等具体东西,又可指吸收知识等抽象概念的东西。 suck 作“吸收”解时,可与absorb换用,但还可有“吮吸”之意。 digest 侧重在消化道内改变食物的化学结构后被人体吸收。 incorporate 指一物或多物与它物相融合,形成一整体。
    二、习惯用语
    absorb in 集中精力做某事;全神贯注于
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ab·sorb Eb5sC:b-5zC:bNAmE -5sC:rb-5zC:rb /verb[VN] LIQUID / GAS 液体;气体 1. to take in a liquid, gas or other substance from the surface or space around    吸收(液体、气体等): Plants absorb oxygen. 植物吸收氧气。 The cream is easily absorbed into the skin. 这种乳霜皮肤易吸收。 MAKE PART OF STH LARGER 使并入 2. [often passive] to make sth smaller become part of sth larger    使并入;吞并;同化: The surrounding small towns have been absorbed into the city. 四周的小城镇已并入这座城市。 The country simply cannot absorb this influx of refugees. 这个国家实在没有能力接纳这么多涌入的难民。 INFORMATION 信息 3. to take sth into the mind and learn or understand it    理解;掌握 SYN  take in : It's a lot of information to absorb all at once. 要一下子消化这些资料,真是很多。 INTEREST SB 引起兴趣 4. to interest sb very much so that they pay no attention to anything else    吸引全部注意力;使全神贯注 SYN  engross : This work had absorbed him for several years. 这项工作曾使他沉迷了好几年。 HEAT / LIGHT / ENERGY 热;光;能 5. to take in and keep heat, light, energy, etc. instead of reflecting it    吸收(热、光、能等): Black walls absorb a lot of heat during the day. 黑色墙壁在白天吸收大量的热。 SHOCK / IMPACT 震动;撞击 6. to reduce the effect of a blow, hit, etc.    减轻(打击、碰击等的)作用: This tennis racket absorbs shock on impact. 这个网球拍能减轻撞击所产生的剧烈震动。 ⇨ see also shock absorber MONEY / TIME / CHANGES 金钱;时间;变化 7. to use up a large supply of sth, especially money or time    耗费,耗去(大量金钱、时间等): The new proposals would absorb $80 billion of the federal budget. 这些新提案将耗费 800 亿元联邦政府预算。 8. to deal with changes, effects, costs, etc.    承受,承担,对付(变化、结果、费用等): The company is unable to absorb such huge losses. 公司无法承受如此巨大的损失。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    absorb /əbˈsɔːb, əbˈzɔːb $ -ɔːrb/ ●●○ W3 verb [transitive]
    1 LIQUID/GAS 液体/气体 to take in liquid, gas, or another substance from the surface or space around something吸收〔液体、气体或其他物质〕
     Plants absorb nutrients from the soil.
    植物从土壤中吸收养分。
    absorb something into something
     Water and salts are absorbed into our bloodstream.
    水分和盐被吸收进我们的血液中。
    2 INFORMATION 信息 to read or hear a large amount of new information and understand it理解,吸收
     Her capacity to absorb information is amazing.
    她吸收信息的能力令人称奇。
    3 INTEREST 兴趣 to interest someone so much that they do not pay attention to other things吸引〔某人〕,使全神贯注
     The movement and noise of the machines absorbed him completely.
    机器的运转和声响把他完全吸引住了。
    be absorbed in something
     Judith lay on the settee, absorbed in her book.
    朱迪思躺在沙发椅上专心致志地看书。
    4 BECOME PART OF STH 成为某物的一部分 to become part of something larger使并入,吸纳;同化
     California absorbs many of the legal immigrants to the US.
    加利福尼亚州吸纳了许多前往美国的合法移民。
    be absorbed into something
     We were soon absorbed into local village life.
    我们很快就融入了当地的乡村生活。
    5 LIGHT/HEAT/ENERGY/NOISE 光///声音 if something absorbs light, heat, energy, or noise, it takes it in吸收
     Darker surfaces absorb heat.
    深色的表面吸热。
    6 DEAL WITH CHANGE/COSTS 应付变化/费用 if something absorbs changes or costs, it accepts them and deals with them successfully经受住;承受住
     The beer industry had absorbed a doubling of federal tax in 1991.
    1991年,啤酒行业经受住了联邦税加倍的考验。
    7 MONEY/TIME 金钱/时间 if something absorbs money, time etc, it uses a lot of it消耗,花去
     Defence spending absorbs almost 20% of the country’s wealth.
    国防开支消耗了这个国家将近20%的财富。
    8 FORCE 力 to reduce the effect of a sudden violent movement消减,缓冲
     A well-designed sports shoe should absorb the impact on your feet.
    设计优良的运动鞋应当能够减轻脚上受到的冲击力。
    Origin absorb
    (1400-1500) French absorber, from Latin absorbere, from ab- away + sorbere to suck up
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] absorb ★★☆☆☆
    1.VERB 动词吸收(液体、气体等) If something absorbs a liquid, gas, or other substance, it soaks it up or takes it in.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:be V-ed into n
    • Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil... 植物从空气中吸收二氧化碳并从土壤中汲取水分。
    • Refined sugars are absorbed into the bloodstream very quickly. 精制糖迅速吸收进血液中。
    2.VERB 动词吸收(光、热等能量) If something absorbs light, heat, or another form of energy, it takes it in.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • A household radiator absorbs energy in the form of electric current and releases it in the form of heat. 家用取暖器吸收电流能量,再以热量的形式释放出来。
    3.VERB 动词合并;兼并;吸收并同化 If a group is absorbed into a larger group, it becomes part of the larger group.
    【语法信息】:be V-ed into n
    【语法信息】:V n
    • The Colonial Office was absorbed into the Foreign Office. 殖民部被并入了外交部。
    • ...an economy capable of absorbing thousands of immigrants. 能够吸纳数千移民的经济实体
    4.VERB 动词消减,缓冲(外力、震动等) If something absorbs a force or shock, it reduces its effect.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • ...footwear which does not absorb the impact of the foot striking the ground. 不具备减震功能的鞋子
    5.VERB 动词经受,承受(变革、影响等);承担(费用等) If a system or society absorbs changes, effects, or costs, it is able to deal with them.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • The banks would be forced to absorb large losses... 银行将被迫承受巨大的损失。
    • We can't absorb those costs. 我们负担不起那些费用。
    6.VERB 动词用掉,花掉(大量金钱);占去(空间、时间) If something absorbs something valuable such as money, space, or time, it uses up a great deal of it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • It absorbed vast amounts of capital that could have been used for investment... 它消耗掉了原本可用于投资的大笔资金。
    • It might help if campaigning didn't absorb so much time and money. 如果竞选活动没耗费这么多的时间和金钱,情况或许还不会这么糟。
    7.VERB 动词理解,掌握(信息) If you absorb information, you learn and understand it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • Too often he only absorbs half the information in the manual... 他对于说明书上所说的经常是一知半解。
    • We closed our offices at 2:00 p.m. to give employees time to absorb the bad news. 我们下午两点就放工了,以便给员工时间来慢慢接受这一坏消息。
    8.VERB 动词See also:absorbed;absorbing;吸引…的注意;使全神贯注 If something absorbs you, it interests you a great deal and takes up all your attention and energy.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • ...a second career which absorbed her more completely than her acting ever had. 比演艺生涯更让她投入的又一职业
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    absorb /əbˈsoɚb/  verb
    absorbs; absorbed; absorbing
     
    [+ object]
    : to take in (something, such as a liquid) in a natural or gradual way吸收(液体等)
    — often used as (be) absorbed常用作(be) ab sorbed
    : to draw in (heat, light, energy, etc.)吸收(热、光、能等)
    : to learn (something)学习;理解;掌握
    : to take in and make (something) part of a larger group, country, etc.吸纳;把…纳入;把…并入
    : to take up the whole interest or attention of (someone)(使)全神贯注,完全着迷
    ◊ If you are absorbed in something, you are fully involved in it.全神贯注于
    : to prevent (something harmful or unwanted) from passing through阻挡;减轻;缓冲
    : to accept or deal with (something that is difficult, harmful, etc.)承受;应付
    : to use up (something)用尽;花光

    — absorbable

    /əbˈsoɚbəbəl/  adjective [more absorbable; most absorbable]

    — absorber

    noun, plural absorbers [count]
    — see also shock absorber

    — absorbing

    adjective [more absorbing; most absorbing]

    — absorption

    /əbˈsoɚpʃən/ noun [noncount]
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • abstract

    英 ['æbstrækt]     美 ['æbstrækt]    
    • adj. 抽象的;理论的;抽象派的
    • n. 摘要;抽象派艺术作品
    • v. (/æbˈstrækt/)把…抽象出;提取;抽取;转移(注意力等);做…的摘要;<婉>偷
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、词义分析 abstract a. 抽象的n.摘要,梗概vt.提取;摘錄要點The distracted reader can't be absorbed in the abstract extract.心神紛亂的讀者無法專心於抽象的節錄. 抽象的;心不在焉的(abs+tract拉→被拉開→心不在焉)[ab-,abs-加在詞根前,表示"相反,變壞,離去"等] v. 抽出a.抽象的(abs離開+tract→拉出,抽出)[tract=draw,表示"拉,拖"] 二、习惯用语
    in the abstract 抽象地;理论上;概括地
    abstract art n. 抽象派;抽象主义
    abstract class [计]抽象类(不允许实例化的类)
    abstract thinking 抽象思维;抽象思考能力
    abstract painting 抽象画;抽象绘画
    abstract noun 抽象名词
    abstract factory 抽象工厂
    abstract data type [计]抽象数据类型
    abstract expressionism n. 抽象表现主义
    abstract idea 抽象观念
    abstract algebra 抽象代数
    abstract away from 对…不予考虑
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ab·stractadjective/ 5AbstrAkt / 1. based on general ideas and not on any particular real person, thing or situation    抽象的(与个别情况相对);纯理论的: abstract knowledge / principles 理论知识;抽象原理 The research shows that preschool children are capable of thinking in abstract terms. 研究表明,学龄前儿童具有抽象思维的能力。 ⇨ compare concrete adj. (2) 2. existing in thought or as an idea but not having a physical reality    抽象的(与具体经验相对): We may talk of beautiful things but beauty itself is abstract. 我们尽可谈论美的事物,但美本身却是抽象的。 3. (of art 艺术) not representing people or things in a realistic way, but expressing the artist's ideas about them    抽象(派)的 ⇨ compare figurative (2), representational • ab·stract·ly adv.noun/ 5AbstrAkt / 1. an abstract work of art    抽象派艺术作品 2. a short piece of writing containing the main ideas in a document    (文献等的)摘要,概要 SYN  summary IDIOMS  in the 'abstract in a general way, without referring to a particular real person, thing or situation    抽象地;理论上verb/ Ab5strAkt / ▪ [VN] 1. ~ sth (from sth) to remove sth from somewhere    把…抽象出;提取;抽取;分离: She abstracted the main points from the argument. 她把论据概括成要点。 a plan to abstract 8 million gallons of water from the river 从这条河中抽取 800 万加仑水的计划 2. (technical 术语) to make a written summary of a book, etc.    写出(书等的)摘要 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    abstract1 /ˈæbstrækt/ ●●○ AWL adjective
    1 based on general ideas or principles rather than specific examples or real events 纯理论的,纯概念的,抽象的 SYN theoretical
    abstract idea/concept etc
     the ability to translate abstract ideas into words
    将抽象概念转换成文字的能力
    By the age of seven, children are capable of thinking in abstract terms.
    儿童到了七岁就具有抽象思维的能力。
    Human beings are the only creatures capable of abstract thought (=thinking about ideas).
    人类是唯一具有抽象思维能力的动物。
      See picture of 见图 PAINTING
    2 existing only as an idea or quality rather than as something real that you can see or touch 抽象的,无形的 OPP concrete
    the abstract nature of beauty
    美的抽象本质
    3. abstract paintings, designs etc consist of shapes and patterns that do not look like real people or things 〔画、设计等〕抽象(派)的
     abstract nounRelated topics: Painting and drawingNewspapers, printing, publishing
    abstract2 ●○○ AWL noun [countable]
    1. a painting, design etc which contains shapes or images that do not look like real things or people 抽象画;抽象派作品 → see picture at 见图 painting
    2. a short written statement containing only the most important ideas in a speech, article etc 摘要,概要
    3 in the abstract considered in a general way rather than being based on specific details and examples 抽象地,概括地,从理论上说
     Talking about crime in the abstract just isn’t enough.
    抽象地谈论犯罪根本不足以说明问题。
    abstract3 /əbˈstrækt, æb-/ AWL verb [transitive]
    1. to write a document containing the most important ideas or points from a speech, article etc 的摘要
    2. formal to remove something from somewhere 抽取,提取;使分离
    Origin abstract1 
    (1300-1400) Latin past participle of abstrahere, from abs- away + trahere to pull
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] abstract ★★☆☆☆
    The adjective and noun are pronounced /'æbstrækt/. The verb is pronounced /æb'strækt/. 形容词和名词读作 /'æbstrækt/。动词读作 /æb'strækt/。
    1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词抽象的;纯概念的 An abstract idea or way of thinking is based on general ideas rather than on real things and events.
    • ...abstract principles such as justice... 正义等抽象原则
    • It's not a question of some abstract concept. 这不是某个抽象概念的问题。
    • ...the faculty of abstract reasoning. 抽象推理的能力
    abstractly
    • It is hard to think abstractly in these conditions. 在这样的情况下进行抽象思维很困难。
    2.PHRASE 短语大体上;理论上;抽象地 When you talk or think about something in the abstract, you talk or think about it in a general way, rather than considering particular things or events.
    【搭配模式】:PHR with cl/group
    • Money was a commodity she never thought about except in the abstract. 钱对她来说就是个抽象的东西,她从不去想钱。
    3.ADJ 形容词(名词)抽象的,表示抽象概念的 In grammar, an abstract noun refers to a quality or idea rather than to a physical object.
    【搭配模式】:ADJ n
    • ...abstract words such as glory, honor, and courage. 抽象名词,如光荣、荣耀和勇气
    4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(艺术)抽象(派)的 Abstract art makes use of shapes and patterns rather than showing people or things.
    【搭配模式】:usu ADJ n
    • ...a modern abstract painting. 一幅现代派抽象画
    5.N-COUNT 可数名词抽象派艺术作品 An abstract is an abstract work of art.
    6.N-COUNT 可数名词摘要;梗概 An abstract of an article, document, or speech is a short piece of writing that gives the main points of it.
    【搭配模式】:oft N of n
    7.VERB 动词提取;抽取;摘取 If you abstract something from a place, you take it from there.
    【语法信息】:V n from n
    【语法信息】:Also V n
    【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式
    • ...a licence to abstract water from the River Axe... 从阿克斯河中抽水的许可证
    • The author has abstracted poems from earlier books. 作者从以前的书中摘取了一些诗作。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1 abstract /æbˈstrækt/ /ˈæbˌstrækt/  adjective
    [more abstract; most abstract]
    : relating to or involving general ideas or qualities rather than specific people, objects, or actions抽象的
    — opposite 2concrete 2
    of art : expressing ideas and emotions by using elements such as colors and lines without attempting to create a realistic picture(艺术)抽象的,抽象派的

    — abstractly

    /æbˈstræktli/  adverb

    — abstractness

    /æbˈstræktnəs/  noun [noncount]
    2 abstract /ˈæbˌstrækt/  noun
    plural abstracts
    [count]
    : a brief written statement of the main points or facts in a longer report, speech, etc. : summary摘要;概要
    : an abstract work of art (such as a painting)抽象派艺术作品

    in the abstract

    : without referring to a specific person, object, or event : in a general way抽象地,在理论上
    3 abstract /æbˈstrækt/  verb
    abstracts; abstracted; abstracting
    [+ object]
    : to make a summary of the main parts of (a report, speech, etc.) : to make an abstract of (something)做…的摘要(或梗概);摘录(要点)
    : to obtain or remove (something) from a source摘取;提取;抽取
    chiefly British, humorous : to steal (something)偷走;窃取
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • abuse

    英 [ə'bjuːs]     美 [ə'bjuːs]    
    • n. 滥用;恶习
    • vt. 滥用;辱骂;虐待
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、词义理解 abuse vt. 濫用;辱罵;詆毀n.濫用;虐待I used to abuse the unusual usage, but now I'm not used to doing so.我過去常濫用這個不尋常的用法,但我現在不習慣這樣做. 濫用(ab+use用→用壞→濫用)[ab-,abs-加在詞根前,表示"相反,變壞,離去"等] v. 濫用,謾罵(ab壞+use→不好用→濫用)[us,ut=use,表示"用"] 二、习惯用语
    drug abuse 药物滥用;毒品滥用
    child abuse 虐待儿童,摧残儿童
    substance abuse 物质滥用;滥用药物
    sexual abuse 性虐待
    abuse of power 滥用权力
    alcohol abuse 酒精滥用,酗酒
    physical abuse 躯体虐待;身体伤害;外观损坏
    verbal abuse 言语虐待;口头谩骂;说粗话,用污言秽语
    sex abuse 性虐待(等于sexual abuse)
    emotional abuse 精神虐待[/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] abusenoun/ E5bju:s / 1. [U, sing.] ~ (of sth) the use of sth in a way that is wrong or harmful    滥用;妄用 SYN  misuse : alcohol / drug / solvent abuse 酗酒;嗜毒;嗜吸胶毒 He was arrested on charges of corruption and abuse of power. 他因被控贪污腐化和滥用职权而遭逮捕。 The system of paying cash bonuses is open to abuse (= might be used in the wrong way). 支付现金红利制度可能被人钻空子。 What she did was an abuse of her position as manager. 她的所作所为是滥用经理职权。 2. [U, pl.] unfair, cruel or violent treatment of sb    虐待: child abuse 虐待儿童 sexual abuse 性虐待 reported abuses by the secret police 已举报的秘密警察虐待行为 She suffered years of physical abuse. 她遭受了多年的肉体摧残。 3. [U] rude and offensive remarks, usually made when sb is very angry    辱骂;恶语: to scream / hurl / shout abuse 高声谩骂;破口大骂;大声辱骂 a stream / torrent of abuse 不断辱骂;劈头盖脸一通臭骂 SYN  insultsverb/ E5bju:z / ▪ [VN] 1. to make bad use of sth, or to use so much of sth that it harms your health    滥用: to abuse alcohol / drugs 酗酒;嗜毒 He systematically abused his body with heroin and cocaine. 他因吸服海洛因和可卡因一步一步地把身体搞垮了。 2. to use power or knowledge unfairly or wrongly    滥用,妄用(权力、所知所闻): She abused her position as principal by giving jobs to her friends. 她滥用自己作为校长的职权,把工作安排给朋友们。 He felt they had abused his trust by talking about him to the press (= tricked him, although he had trusted them). 他觉得他们向报界透露有关他的情况是辜负了他的信任。 3. to treat a person or an animal in a cruel or violent way, especially sexually    虐待;性虐待;伤害: All the children had been physically and emotionally abused. 所有这些儿童的身心都受到了摧残。 He had abused his own daughter (= had sex with her). 他曾奸污了自己的亲生女儿。 The boy had been sexually abused. 这个男孩曾遭受过性虐待。 4. to make rude or offensive remarks to or about sb    辱骂;恶语伤人;诋譭 SYN  insult : The referee had been threatened and abused. 裁判遭到了恐吓和谩骂。 • ab·user noun: a drug abuser 嗜毒者 a child abuser 虐待儿童者 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    abuse1 /əˈbjuːs/ ●●○ S3 W3 noun
    1 [plural, uncountable] cruel or violent treatment of someone 虐待
     several cases of child abuse
    数宗虐待儿童案
    physical/sexual/racial abuse
     Many children suffer racial abuse at school.
    许多孩子在学校遭受种族虐待。
     An independent committee will look into alleged human rights abuses.
    一个独立委员会将对涉嫌践踏人权的行为进行调查。
    2 [countableuncountable] the use of something in a way that it should not be used 滥用 SYN misuse
    abuse of
     government officials’ abuse of power
    政府官员的滥用职权
     A self-monitoring tax system is clearly open to abuse (=able to be used wrongly).
    自我监督的税收制度明显会被滥用。
    alcohol/drug abuse (=the practice of drinking too much or taking illegal drugs) 酗酒/吸毒
     solvent abuse
    3 [uncountable] rude or offensive things that someone says when they are angry 辱骂,谩骂
     vandalism and verbal abuse directed at old people
    破坏公共财物和辱骂老人
    a torrent/stream of abuse (=a series of rude or angry words) 一通臭骂
    shout/hurl/scream abuse at somebody
    The other driver started hurling abuse at me.
    另外一个司机朝我破口大骂起来。
     a term of abuse at term1(3)
    abuse2 /əˈbjuːz/ ●●○ verb [transitive]
    1 to treat someone in a cruel and violent way, often sexually 虐待;性虐待
    sexually/physically abused
     She was sexually abused as a child.
    她小时候遭到过性虐待。
    2 to deliberately use something for the wrong purpose or for your own advantage 滥用,妄用
    Williams abused his position as mayor to give jobs to his friends.
    威廉斯滥用市长权力,给不少朋友安排了工作。
     Morris abused the trust the firm had shown in him.
    莫里斯辜负了公司对他的信任。
     people who abuse the system
    滥用这一制度的人
    abuse alcohol/drugs
     The proportion of drinkers who abuse alcohol is actually quite small.
    饮酒者中酗酒的人所占的比例实际上很小。
    3 to say rude or offensive things to someone 辱骂,谩骂 SYN insult
     Many soldiers in Belfast are verbally abused.
    许多驻扎在贝尔法斯特的士兵遭到辱骂。
     He came to the help of another driver who was being racially abused by three white passengers.
    他前去帮助另一个遭三名白人乘客用种族歧视言语谩骂的司机。
    4 to treat something so badly that you start to destroy it 伤害;摧残
     James abused his body for years with heroin and cocaine.
    詹姆斯吸食海洛因和可卡因多年,糟蹋了自己的身体。
    Origin abuse2 
    (1400-1500) French abuser, from Latin abusus, past participle of abuti, from ab- away + uti to use
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] abuse ★★★★☆
    The noun is pronounced /ə'bjuːs/. The verb is pronounced /ə'bjuːz/. 名词读作 /ə'bjuːs/。动词读作 /ə'bjuːz/。
    1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词虐待;凌辱 Abuse of someone is cruel and violent treatment of them.
    【搭配模式】:also N in pl
    • ...investigation of alleged child abuse. 对涉嫌虐童案的调查
    • ...victims of sexual and physical abuse. 遭受性虐待及肉体摧残的受害者
    • ...controversy over human rights abuses. 关于践踏人权的争议
    2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词辱骂;恶语 Abuse is extremely rude and insulting things that people say when they are angry.
    • I was left shouting abuse as the car sped off... 汽车飞驰而去,留下我在那里大声咒骂。
    • Raft repeatedly hurled verbal abuse at his co-star. 拉夫特不断地破口大骂和他联合主演的演员。
    3.N-VAR 可变名词滥用;妄用 Abuse of something is the use of it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose.
    【搭配模式】:with supp
    • What went on here was an abuse of power. 这里所发生的事是一种滥用职权的行为。
    • ...drug and alcohol abuse. 嗜毒和酗酒
    4.VERB 动词虐待;凌辱;伤害 If someone is abused, they are treated cruelly and violently.
    【语法信息】:be V-ed
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V-ed
    • Janet had been abused by her father since she was eleven. 珍妮特从11岁起就遭受父亲虐待。
    • ...parents who feel they cannot cope or might abuse their children. 认为自己应付不来或可能会虐待孩子的父母
    • ...those who work with abused children. 从事帮助受虐儿童的工作的人们
    abuser
    • ...a convicted child abuser. 已定罪的虐童犯
    5.VERB 动词辱骂;侮辱 You can say that someone is abused if extremely rude and insulting things are said to them.
    【语法信息】:be V-ed
    【语法信息】:Also V n
    • He alleged that he was verbally abused by other soldiers. 他宣称自己遭到其他士兵的辱骂。
    6.VERB 动词滥用;妄用 If you abuse something, you use it in a wrong way or for a bad purpose.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • He showed how the rich and powerful can abuse their position. 他让我们看到有钱有势的人是如何滥用其地位的。
    abuser
    • ...the treatment of alcohol and drug abusers. 对酗酒和嗜毒者的治疗
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
     abuse ˈbjuːz/  verb
    abuses; abused; abusing
    [+ object]
    : to treat (a person or animal) in a harsh or harmful way虐待(人或动物)
    : to use or treat (something) in a way that causes damage摧残,糟蹋(某物)
    : to use (something) wrongly滥用;辜负
    : to use too much of (a drug, alcohol, etc.)滥用(药物、酒精等)
    : to attack (someone) in words辱骂;咒骂

    — abused

    adjective

    — abuser

    noun, plural abusers [count]
    2 abuse ˈbjuːs/  noun
    plural abuses
    : the act or practice of abusing someone or something虐待;摧残: such as
    : harmful treatment of a person or animal(对人或动物的)虐待
    [noncount]
    [plural]
    [noncount] : the use or treatment of something in a way that causes damage(对某物的)摧残,糟蹋
    : the act or practice of using something wrongly滥用
    [noncount]
    [count]
    [noncount] : the act or practice of using too much of a drug, alcohol, etc.(对药物、酒精等的)滥用
    [noncount] : harsh and insulting language辱骂;咒骂
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • academic

    英 [ˌækə'demɪk]     美 [ˌækə'demɪk]    
    • adj. 学院的;学术的;理论的
    • n. 大学教师,大学生;学者,学究
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、习惯用语
    academic research 学术研究
    academic circles 学术界
    academic year 学年
    academic achievement 学业成就;学业成绩
    academic performance 学习成绩;学业表现;学术成就
    academic study 学术研究
    academic exchange 学术交流
    academic problem 学术问题
    academic background 学术背景;学历;教育背景
    academic world 学术界
    academic freedom n. 学术自由
    academic community 学术界;学术社群;高等教育界;高等学校的全体师生员工
    academic journal 学报,学术期刊
    academic degree 学位
    academic atmosphere n. 学业风气,学习氛围
    academic education 学术教育;文理科教育
    academic work 学术工作;专门著作
    academic writing 论文写作;学术著作
    academic record 学业成绩
    academic discipline n. 学术科目
    二、真题好句
    academic 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:3 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U4
    /ˌækəˈdemɪk/
    a.&n. academics 0
    学习良好的;学术的 & 高等院校教师;高校科研人员

    高考真题原句提选:

    The gap-year phenomenon originated with the months left over to Oxbridge applicants between entrance exams in November and the start of the next academic year.And when the academics were lazy and incompetent, the students were similarly lazy.
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] aca·dem·ic 7AkE5demik /adjective 1. [usually before noun] connected with education, especially studying in schools and universities    学业的,教学的,学术的(尤指与学校教育有关): The students return in October for the start of the new academic year. 学生于十月返校,开始新学年的学习。 high / low academic standards 高/低学术水平 an academic career 学术生涯 2. [usually before noun] involving a lot of reading and studying rather than practical or technical skills    学术的(与实践性、技术性相对): academic subjects / qualifications 学科;学历 3. good at subjects involving a lot of reading and studying    学习良好的: She wasn't very academic and hated school. 她学习不怎么样,而且讨厌上学。 4. not connected to a real or practical situation and therefore not important    纯理论的;空谈的;学究式的: It is a purely academic question. 这是一个纯理论问题。 The whole thing's academic now—we can't win anyway. 现在这一切都是纸上谈兵——我们根本就不可能赢。 • aca·dem·ic·al·ly -kli / adv.: You have to do well academically to get into medical school. 你得学习成绩优良才能进入医学院。noun   a person who teaches and / or does research at a university or college    高等院校教师;高校科研人员 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    academic1 /ˌækəˈdemɪk◂/ ●●○ W2 AWLadjective
    1 [usually before noun] relating to education, especially at college or university level学术的〔尤指与学院或大学教育有关〕OPP non-academic
     He possessed no academic qualifications.
    他没有学历。
     a program to raise academic standards
    旨在提高学术水平的计划
    2 [usually before noun] concerned with studying from books, as opposed to practical work纯理论的,学术的〔与实践相对〕
     the study of art as an academic discipline
    把艺术作为一门理论科目的研究
    3 good at studying学业(成绩)优秀的OPP unacademic
     He’s not very academic.
    他学习不怎么样。
    4 if a discussion about something is academic, it is a waste of time because the speakers cannot change the existing situation不切实际的,空谈的
     The question of where we go on holiday is purely academic since we don’t have any money.
    去哪里度假完全就是空谈,因为我们根本没有钱。
    academically /-kli/adverb
    Related topics: College
    academic2 ●○○ AWL noun [countable]
    a teacher in a college or university大学教师
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] academic ★★★☆☆
    1.ADJ 形容词教学的,学业的(尤指学识方面而非实践、技能上的) Academic is used to describe things that relate to the work done in schools, colleges, and universities, especially work which involves studying and reasoning rather than practical or technical skills.
    【搭配模式】:ADJ n
    • Their academic standards are high... 他们的教学水平很高。
    • I was terrible at school and left with few academic qualifications... 我的学习成绩一塌糊涂,离校时几乎没有学历。
    academically
    • He is academically gifted... 他在学习上很有天分。
    • I was only average academically, but was good at sports. 我学习成绩平平,但体育方面很出色。
    2.ADJ 形容词学校的;学院的;大学的 Academic is used to describe things that relate to schools, colleges, and universities.
    【搭配模式】:ADJ n
    • ...the start of the last academic year... 最后一个学年的开始
    • I'd had enough of academic life. 学生生活我已经过够了。
    3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词学术的,重研究与思辨的(与重实践或技能相对) Academic is used to describe work, or a school, college, or university, that places emphasis on studying and reasoning rather than on practical or technical skills.
    • The author has settled for a more academic approach... 那位作者已确定采用更为学术的方法。
    • Different schools teach different types of syllabus, from the highly academic to the broadly vocational. 不同的学校有不同的教学计划,从高度学术的到普通职业教育的,不一而足。
    4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词学业优秀的 Someone who is academic is good at studying.
    • The system is failing most disastrously among less academic children. 这种制度对学习不太好的孩子效果最差。
    5.N-COUNT 可数名词大学教师;高校科研人员 An academic is a member of a university or college who teaches or does research.
    6.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词学究式的;空谈的;不切实际的 You can say that a discussion or situation is academic if you think it is not important because it has no real effect or cannot happen.
    • This was not an academic exercise — soldiers' lives were at risk... 这不是纸上演习——士兵的生命受到了威胁。
    • Such is the size of the problem that these arguments are purely academic. 问题的实情在于这些论点纯属空谈。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    1 academic /ˌækəˈdɛmɪk/  adjective
    usually used before a noun : of or relating to schools and education学术的;学业的;教学的
    : having no practical importance : not involving or relating to anything real or practical纯理论的;不切实际的
    [more academic; most academic] chiefly British : good at studying and at passing exams : good at academics学业优秀的

    — academically

    /ˌækəˈdɛmɪkli/  adverb
    2 academic /ˌækəˈdɛmɪk/ noun
    plural academics
    [count] : a person who is a teacher in a college or university高等院校教师
    academics [plural] chiefly US : courses of study taken at a school or college(学校或学院的)课程
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accent

    英 ['æksent]     美 ['æksent]    
    • n. 重音;口音;强调
    • vt. 重读;强调
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、习惯用语
    accents n. 口音;[语] 重音(accent的复数); v. 重读;强调(accent的第三人称单数);
    accent colour 重点色形; 强调色;
    posh accent 上等人的腔调
    pitch accent 音高重音
    accent plant 主景植物
    grave accent 沉音符
    accent sensitive 区分腔调字
    circumflex accent 抑扬音符号
    local accent 乡音; 土音;
    accented term 重点项目
    二、真题好句
    accent 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:7 教材出处:译林版选必修B4U2
    /ˈæksənt/
    n.
    口音,音调
    高考真题原句提选:Her accent sounds slightly less noble than it did 50 years ago.
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    ac·centnoun/ 5Aksent-sEnt / 1. [C, U] a way of pronouncing the words of a language that shows which country, area or social class a person comes from    口音;腔调;土音: a northern / Dublin / Indian / Scottish accent 北方/都柏林/印度/苏格兰口音 a strong / broad accent (= six that is very noticeable) 浓重的口音 She spoke English with an accent. 她说英语带有口音。 ⇨ compare dialect 2. [sing.] a special importance that is given to sth    着重点;强调 SYN  emphasis : In all our products the accent is on quality. 我们的全部产品都是强调质量。 3. [C] the emphasis that you should give to part of a word when saying it    重音 SYN  stress : In 'today' the accent is on the second syllable. today 一词的重音在第二音节。 4. [C] a mark on a letter to show that it should be pronounced in a particular way    读音符号(标在字母上): Canapé has an accent on the 'e'. canapé 在 e 上面有尖音符号。verb/ Ak5sent / [VN] to emphasize a part of sth    着重;强调;突出
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    accent1 /ˈæksənt $ ˈæksent/ ●●○ noun [countable]
    1 the way someone pronounces the words of a language, showing which country or which part of a country they come from口音 → dialect
     He had a strong Irish accent.
    他有浓重的爱尔兰口音。
    2 the accent is on somethingif the accent is on a particular quality, feeling etc, special importance is given to it重点在上,强调
     accommodation with the accent on comfort
    注重舒适的住处
    3 the part of a word that you should emphasize when you say it重音SYN stress
    accent on
     In the word ‘dinner’ the accent is on the first syllable.
    dinner一词的重音在第一音节上。
    4. a written mark used above or below particular letters in some languages to show how to pronounce that letter变音符号
     
    COLLOCATIONS
    accent2 /əkˈsent $ ˈæksent/ verb [transitive]
    1 to make something more noticeable so that people will pay attention to it显出,突出;强调SYN highlight
    Use make-up to accent your cheekbones and eyes.
    用化妆来突出颧骨和眼部。
    2. technical to emphasize a part of a word in speech重读
    Origin accent1
    (1500-1600) French Latin accentus, from ad- to + cantus song
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accent ★★☆☆☆
    1.N-COUNT 可数名词腔调;口音;土音 Someone who speaks with a particular accent pronounces the words of a language in a distinctive way that shows which country, region, or social class they come from.
    • He had developed a slight American accent.他说话带上了一点轻微的美国口音。
    2.N-COUNT 可数名词(某些语言中标在字母上方的)变音符号 An accent is a short line or other mark which is written above certain letters in some languages and which indicates the way those letters are pronounced.
    3.N-SING 单数名词重点;强调;关注 If you put the accent on a particular feature of something, you emphasize it or give it special importance.
    【搭配模式】:oft N on n
    • He is putting the accent on military readiness...他强调要保持备战状态。
    • There is often a strong accent on material success.经常大力强调物质成就。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""]
    accent /ˈækˌsɛnt/ Brit /ˈæksənt/  noun
    plural accents
    [count] : a way of pronouncing words that occurs among the people in a particular region or country口音;腔调
    [count] : greater stress or force given to a syllable of a word in speech重音
    [count]
    : a mark (such as ˈ or ˌ) used to show the part of a word that should be given greater stress when it is spoken重音符号如ˈ或ˌ
    — called also accent mark
    : a mark placed above a letter to show how it should be pronounced(字母上的)变音符号
    — called also accent mark
    [singular] : special concern or attention : emphasis着重点;强调 — usually + on
    [count] : a small decorative object or detail that is different from the things that are around it点缀;亮点;特色
    2 accent /ˈækˌsɛnt/ Brit /əkˈsɛnt/  verb
    accents; accented; accenting
    [+ object]
    : to give special attention to (something)重视;强调
    : to say (part of a word) with greater stress or force重读
    [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accept

    [ək'sept]     美 [ək'sept] vt. 接受;同意;承担(责任等) vi. 接受   [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accept 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:24 /əkˈsept/ v. accepts 2 accepting 1 accepted 16 接受;接纳 高考真题原句精选: Surprised and happy, Tony stood up and accepted the prize. Mostly, it is just a question of getting used to the differences and accepting them, like the climate. It is generally accepted that a boy must learn to stand up and fight like a man. It is simply the accepted thing to do in their own country. 二、词义辨析 accept, believe 这两个词都可以表示“相信”,但含义上有细微差别。accept强调的是对某人的解释或声明的真实性感到满意或认为可以接受,有时含有不加鉴别或者无可奈何甚至是违心的意思,常可译为“认可”; 而believe则强调相信某事是真的。例如: He accepted the explanation without question.他认可了这个解释,没有提出疑问。 We no longer believed the lies spread by them.我们再也不相信他们散布的谣言了。 accept, receive 这两个词都含有“收到”的意思。在表示“赞同某一意见或看法”时可互换。例如: Her husband did not accept〔receive〕 her story.她的丈夫不相信她的话。 The theory was not received〔accepted〕 as truth by the broad masses of people.这一理论并未被广大人民群众当成真理。 其区别是: 1.从搭配上说:在表示“受到教育〔惩罚,支持〕”和“接待客人”等意时只能用receive,不能用accept; 而在表示“接受某条件”时却只能用accept,而不能用receive。 2.从含义上说: receive只表示“被动地收到”这一事实,而accept则多了一层主观上“某种程度甚至完全赞同”的意味。例如: I've received an invitation but I don't think I'll accept.我收到一份邀请,但不准备接受。 Though he has received several offers, he can accept only one of them.虽然他收到了几处的聘请,但他只能接受其中之一。 再如,收到(receive)别人的致歉,但不一定予以承认(accept); 头脑可以接收(receive)某一思想,但不一定认同(accept); 一个人可以为社会所容纳(receive),但不一定为他人所理解(accept)。简而言之,“accept=receive+乐意地”。 此外, receive之后还可以拒绝甚至退回,而一经accept,则除极特殊情况外,一般是不能再拒绝或退回的。因此,复信中写I've received your invitation.就显得不够礼貌了。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·cept / Ek5sept / verb OFFER / INVITATION 建议;邀请 1. to take willingly sth that is offered; to say 'yes' to an offer, invitation, etc. 收受;接受(建议、邀请等): ▪ [V] He asked me to marry him and I accepted. 他向我求婚,我答应了。 ▪ [VN] Please accept our sincere apologies. 请接受我们真诚的歉意。 He is charged with accepting bribes from a firm of suppliers. 他被控收受了一家供应商的贿赂。 It was pouring with rain so I accepted his offer of a lift. 天正下着瓢泼大雨,所以我领了他的情,搭了他的便车。 She's decided not to accept the job. 她决定不接受这项工作。 She said she'd accept $15 for it. 她说她要 15 元才卖。 OPP refuse RECEIVE AS SUITABLE 认为合适而接受 2. [VN] to receive sth as suitable or good enough (认为合适或足够好而)接受: My article has been accepted for publication. 我的文章已被采用准备发表。 This machine only accepts coins. 这台机器只接受硬币。 Will you accept a cheque? 你收支票吗? AGREE 同意 3. [VN] to agree to or approve of sth 同意;认可: They accepted the court's decision. 他们接受法院的判决。 He accepted all the changes we proposed. 他同意我们提出的全部修改方案。 She won't accept advice from anyone. 她不会接受任何人的忠告。 OPP reject RESPONSIBILITY 责任 4. [VN] to admit that you are responsible or to blame for sth 承认,承担(责任等): He accepts full responsibility for what happened. 他承认对所发生的事负完全责任。 You have to accept the consequences of your actions. 你得对你的行为后果负责。 BELIEVE 相信 5. ~ sth (as sth) to believe that sth is true 相信(某事属实): ▪ [VN] I don't accept his version of events. 我不相信他对事件的说法。 Can we accept his account as the true version? 我们能相信他说的是事实吗? ▪ [V that] I accept that this will not be popular. 我认为这是不会受欢迎的。 ▪ [VN that] It is generally accepted that people are motivated by success. 普遍认为,成功催人奋进。 ▪ [VN to inf] The workforce is generally accepted to have the best conditions in Europe. 欧洲工人的劳动环境公认是最好的。 HELP This pattern is only used in the passive. 此句型仅用于被动语态。 DIFFICULT SITUATION 困境 6. ~ sth (as sth) to continue in a difficult situation without complaining, because you realize that you cannot change it 容忍,忍受(困境等): ▪ [VN] You just have to accept the fact that we're never going to be rich. 你只得接受我们永远也富不起来这个事实。 Nothing will change as long as the workers continue to accept these appalling conditions. 只要工人继续容忍这种恶劣的劳动条件,情况就不会有任何改变。 They accept the risks as part of the job. 他们甘冒风险,把这当成工作的一部份。 ▪ [V that] He just refused to accept that his father was no longer there. 他就是不肯接受他父亲已不在那里的现实。 WELCOME 欢迎 7. [VN] ~ sb (into sth) | ~ sb (as sth) to make sb feel welcome and part of a group 欢迎;接纳: It may take years to be completely accepted by the local community. 也许需要多年方能被当地居民完全接纳。 She had never been accepted into what was essentially a man's world. 她从未被这个基本上属于男人的世界所接受。 He never really accepted her as his own child. 他一直没有真正接纳她为自己的亲生女儿。 OPP reject ALLOW SB TO JOIN 准许加入 8. ~ sb (into sth) | ~ sb (as sth) to allow sb to join an organization, attend an institution, use a service, etc. 接纳,接受(为成员、会员等): ▪ [VN] The college he applied to has accepted him. 他申请的那所学院录取了他。 She was disappointed not to be accepted into the club. 她没有获准加入俱乐部,感到失望。 The landlord was willing to accept us as tenants. 房东愿意把房子租给我们住。 ▪ [VN to inf] She was accepted to study music. 她获准学习音乐。 OPP reject [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accept /əkˈsept/ ●●● S1 W1 verb 1  GIFT/OFFER/INVITATION 礼物/提议/邀请 [intransitive, transitive] to take something that someone offers you, or to agree to do something that someone asks you to do 接受;同意做〔某事〕 OPP refuse Rick accepted her offer of coffee. 她请里克喝咖啡,他接受了。 He accepted the invitation to stay with us. 他接受了邀请来我们家住。 His school reports said that he is always ready to accept a challenge (=agree to do something difficult). 他的学业报告上说他乐于接受挑战。 Please accept this small gift. 请收下这份小小的礼物。 They offered me a job and I accepted. 他们给我一份工作,我接受了。 accept something from somebody He accepted a glass of water from Helen. 他接过海伦递来的一杯水。 He readily accepted her invitation (=accepted it quickly). 他欣然接受了她的邀请。 Register 2  SITUATION/PROBLEM ETC 情况/问题等 [transitive] to decide that there is nothing you can do to change a difficult and unpleasant situation or fact and continue with your normal life 忍受,容忍 He’s not going to change, and you just have to accept it. 他不会改变的,你只能忍。 You need to accept the fact that most of your problems are caused by jealousy. 你要承认这个事实 — 你的问题多数是由嫉妒引起的。 accept that We have to accept that this is not an ideal world. 我们必须接受现实,这不是个理想的世界。 3  THINK SB/STH IS GOOD ENOUGH 认为某人/某物够好 [transitive] to decide that someone has the necessary skill or intelligence for a particular job, course etc or that a piece of work is good enough 〔认为符合要求而〕接受 OPP reject Students accepted by Stanford Law School had very high scores on the LSAT. 斯坦福法学院录取的学生LSAT(法学院入学考试)的成绩非常高。 accept somebody/something as something They have accepted him as the representative of the company. 他们接受他为公司代表。 accept somebody/something for something Random House accepted the book for publication. 蓝登书屋同意出版这本书。 4  BECOME PART OF A GROUP 成为团体的一部分 [transitive] to allow someone to become part of a group, society, or organization, and to treat them in the same way as the other members 接纳 OPP reject accept somebody as something The children gradually began to accept her as one of the family. 孩子们逐渐接纳她为家庭中的一员。 accept somebody into something It often takes years for immigrants to be accepted into the host community. 移民经常需要几年的时间才会被当地社区所接纳。 5  AGREE TO TAKE/DEAL WITH STH 同意接受/处理 [transitive] to agree to take or deal with something that someone gives you, or to say that it is suitable or good enough 同意;〔认为合适或足够好而〕接受 The government has accepted the resignation of a senior army commander. 政府已批准一位陆军高级指挥官的辞呈。 Please accept my sincere apologies. 请接受我诚挚的歉意。 Sorry, we don’t accept traveller’s cheques. 对不起,我们不收旅行支票。 6  SUGGESTION/ADVICE 建议/忠告 [transitive] to decide to do what someone suggests or advises you should do 采纳,接受 7  BELIEVE AN EXPLANATION/STATEMENT 相信解释/陈述 [transitive] to agree that what someone says is right or true 相信〔某人的话〕 OPP reject 8  accept responsibility/blame for something to admit that you were responsible for something bad that happened 承担某事的责任 Origin accept (1300-1400) French accepter, from Latin acceptare, from accipere “to receive”, from ad- “to” + capere “to take” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accept ★★★★★
    1.VERB 动词接受;领受;收受 If you accept something that you have been offered, you say yes to it or agree to take it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V
    • Eventually Sam persuaded her to accept an offer of marriage...最终萨姆说服她接受了求婚。
    • Your old clothes will be gratefully accepted by jumble sale organisers...旧货义卖的组织者会感激地领受您捐赠的旧衣物。
    • All those invited to next week's peace conference have accepted.所有受邀参加下星期和平会谈的人都已同意出席。
    2.VERB 动词相信(观点、陈述、事实等);认为…正确 If you accept an idea, statement, or fact, you believe that it is true or valid.
    【语法信息】:V that
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V n as adj/n
    【语法信息】:V-ed
    • I do not accept that there is any kind of crisis in British science...我不相信英国科学界有什么危机。
    • I don't think they would accept that view...我认为他们不会接受那种观点。
    • He did not accept this reply as valid.他认为这个回答没有根据。
    • ...a workforce generally accepted to have the best conditions in Europe.被普遍认为拥有欧洲最好的工作条件的劳动人口
    3.VERB 动词赞成,同意(计划、行动等) If you accept a plan or an intended action, you agree to it and allow it to happen.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • ...Britain's reluctance to accept a proposal for a single European currency...英国不愿接受单一欧洲货币的建议
    • The Council will meet to decide if it should accept his resignation.委员会将召开会议决定是否接受他的辞呈。
    4.VERB 动词忍受;容忍;承受 If you accept an unpleasant fact or situation, you get used to it or recognize that it is necessary or cannot be changed.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V n as n/adj
    【语法信息】:V that
    • People will accept suffering that can be shown to lead to a greater good...如果能证明眼前的苦难会带来更大的好处,人们就会愿意承受。
    • Urban dwellers often accept noise as part of city life...城市居民常将噪音当成城市生活的一部分。
    • I wasn't willing to accept that her leaving was a possibility.我不愿接受她有可能离开的事实。
    5.VERB 动词承兑,认付(单据等);认可(文件等) If a person, company, or organization accepts something such as a document, they recognize that it is genuine, correct, or satisfactory and agree to consider it or handle it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:be V-ed as n
    【语法信息】:Also V n as n/adj
    • We advised newspapers not to accept the advertising...我们建议报社不要承接这项广告。
    • Cheques can only be accepted up to the value guaranteed on the card...支票的承兑金额不可高于卡上所担保的数额。
    • Proof of postage will not be accepted as proof of receipt.邮资单据不能当作收据。
    6.VERB 动词招收,接纳(求职者、会员等) If an organization or person accepts you, you are allowed to join the organization or use the services that are offered.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V n as n
    【语法信息】:Also V n into n
    • All-male groups will not be accepted.清一色的男性团体将不被接纳。
    • ...incentives to private landlords to accept young people as tenants.鼓励私人房东租房给年轻人的措施
    7.VERB 动词接纳;接受 If a person or a group of people accepts you, they begin to be friendly towards you and are happy with who you are or what you do.
    【语法信息】:V n
    【语法信息】:V n as n
    【语法信息】:V n into n
    • My grandparents have never had a problem accepting me...我的祖父母从来都是无条件地接受我。
    • Many men still have difficulty accepting a woman as a business partner...许多男性仍然无法接受女性商业伙伴。
    • Stephen Smith was accepted into the family like an adopted brother.这家人把斯蒂芬·史密斯视为养子一样当作一家人。
    8.VERB 动词承担,承认(过失、责任等) If you accept the responsibility or blame for something, you recognize that you are responsible for it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • The company cannot accept responsibility for loss or damage.公司不承担丢失或损坏的责任。
    9.VERB 动词接受,采纳(劝告、建议等) If you accept someone's advice or suggestion, you agree to do what they say.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • The army refused to accept orders from the political leadership...军队拒绝接受政界领导层下达的命令。
    • Don't automatically accept the solicitor recommended by the broker.别想当然地就接受中间人推荐的诉状律师。
    10.VERB 动词接受并使(移植器官)发挥正常功能;不排斥 If someone's body accepts a transplanted organ, the organ becomes part of the body and starts to function normally.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • ...drugs which will fool the body into accepting transplants.能使身体顺利接受移植器官的药物
    11.VERB 动词(机器)接受,适配 If a machine accepts a particular kind of thing, it is designed to take it and deal with it or process it.
    【语法信息】:V n
    • The telephone booths accept 10 and 20 pence coins.电话亭可使用10便士和20便士的硬币。
    12.See also:accepted;
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accept /ɪkˈsɛpt/ verb accepts; accepted; accepting 1 a : to receive or take (something offered)接受;接收 [+ object] accept a gift 接受礼物 accept a proposal 接受建议 accept a bribe 收受贿赂 accept an assignment/invitation/offer 接受任务/邀请/工作机会 They offered him the job, and he accepted it. 他们提供给他那份工作,他接受了。 [no object] They offered him the job, and he accepted. 他们提供给他那份工作,他接受了。 b [+ object] : to take (something) as payment接受,收取(付款) The store doesn't accept credit cards. 这家商店不接受信用卡付款。 c [+ object] : to be able or designed to take or hold (something)吸收;接收 a surface that will not accept ink 不吸墨的表面 a computer program ready to accept commands 可以接收指令的电脑程序 2 [+ object] : to agree to (something) : to agree to receive or allow (something)赞成;同意 accept a telephone call 接电话 They accepted some applications and rejected others. 他们接受了部分申请,拒绝了其他申请。 She's still trying to get her manuscript accepted for publication. 她仍在尽力让自己的稿件得以发表。 I accept your apology. 我接受你的道歉。 They refused to accept his resignation. 他们拒绝接受他的辞呈。 3 [+ object] a : to think of (something) as true, proper, or normal(认为正确、合适或正常而)认可,接受 a word that has come to be accepted as standard 受到认可并成为标准用语的单词 This treatment is now accepted by many doctors. 这种治疗方法现在已被许多医生认可。 He refused to accept the decision. 他拒绝接受那项决定。 I accepted his advice and joined the health club. 我接受他的建议,加入了健身俱乐部。 They accepted [=believed] her explanation. 他们相信了她的解释。 The theory is widely accepted as correct. = It is widely accepted that the theory is correct. 这项理论的正确性已经得到了广泛认同。 b : to stop denying or resisting (something true or necessary)接受,承认(真相或必然之事) She found it difficult to accept change. 她感到难以接受变革。 The truth is sometimes hard to accept. 真相有时难以接受。 He behaved badly, and now he has to accept the consequences. 以前他行为恶劣,现在不得不承受后果了。 He has to accept the fact that his baseball career is over. [=he has to admit that his baseball career is over] 他的棒球生涯已经结束了,他不得不接受这一事实。 He was unwilling to accept [=believe] that he could no longer play as he once had. 他不愿意相信自己再也不能像从前那样打球了。 c : to admit that you have or deserve (something, such as blame or responsibility)承担;承认 accept blame 接受谴责 I accept responsibility for the accident. 我承认我对那起事故负有责任。 d : to be willing to have or experience (something)接受;乐于经历 To be a successful investor you have to accept some risk. 要想成为成功的投资者就必须承担一些风险。 She accepted [=took on, faced] the challenge of starting her own business. 她乐于接受挑战,自己创业。 4 [+ object] a : to allow (someone) to join a club, to attend a school, etc.接纳,吸纳(会员、学生等) The club accepted her as a member but rejected her sister. 俱乐部接纳她为会员但拒绝了她姐姐。 She was accepted at/by Georgetown University. 她被乔治敦大学录取了。 b : to regard (someone) as belonging to a group接纳,接受(某人) She felt that her in-laws had never really accepted her (as a member of the family). 她觉得婆家人从来没有真正接纳过她。 She doesn't yet feel accepted (by her in-laws). 她仍觉得不被(婆家人)接纳。 The new family was quickly accepted into the community. 新搬来的这一家人很快就融入了社区。 — accepted adjective an accepted practice 习惯做法 an accepted definition 公认的定义 a widely accepted truth 广泛认可的事实 — accepter or acceptor /ɪkˈsɛptɚ/ noun, plural accepters or acceptors [count] [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • access

    英 ['ækses]     美 ['ækses]   
    • n. 入口;通道
    • n. 接近(的机会);使用之权
    • vt. 进入;(电脑)存取
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、习惯用法 access control 访问控制 have access to 使用;接近;可以利用 internet access 互联网接入 easy access 便于检修;容易接近 market access 市场准入;进入市场;开放市场 data access 数据存取 multiple access [电脑]多路存取;多路访问 open access 开放存取;开架阅览 direct access [计]直接存取 access network 接入网;接取网络 broadband access 宽带接入;宽频存取;宽带通信 network access 网络接入;网络访问 gain access 获得访问权限 free access 自由访问;自由存取;自由入口 remote access [计]远程访问;远程存取 get access to 获得;接近;可以使用 code division multiple access 码分多址联接方式 random access 随机存取 public access 公共存取 database access 数据库存取 二、真题好句 access 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:2 教材出处:译林版必修B3U3 /ˈækses/ n.&v.[U]; accesses 0 accessing 0 accessed 1 进入(权);使用权 & 获取(尤其电脑信息) 高考真题原句选: They should be given access to the computer it's connected to. Many stations have wheelchair access from the car park or entrance to the station platforms. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·cess / 5Akses / noun [U] 1. ~ (to sth) a way of entering or reaching a place 通道;通路;入径: The only access to the farmhouse is across the fields. 去那农舍的唯一通路是穿过田野。 Disabled visitors are welcome; there is good wheelchair access to most facilities. 欢迎残疾人士参观,坐轮椅可以方便地到达多数设施。 The police gained access through a broken window. 警察从一扇破窗户里钻了进去。 ⇨ compare egress 2. ~ (to sth) the opportunity or right to use sth or to see sb / sth (使用或见到的)机会,权利: Students must have access to good resources. 学生必须有机会使用好的信息资源。 You need a password to get access to the computer system. 使用这个计算机系统需要口令。 access to confidential information 接触机密情报的机会 Journalists were denied access to the President. 记者被挡住,无法见到总统。 Many divorced fathers only have access to their children at weekends (= they are allowed by law to see them only at weekends). 很多离婚父亲只有在周末才有权见到自己的孩子。 ⇨ compare visitation verb [VN] 1. (computing 计) to open a computer file in order to get or add information 存取(计算机文件) 2. (formal) to reach, enter or use sth 到达;进入;使用: The loft can be accessed by a ladder. 搭梯子可以上阁楼。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] access1 /ˈækses/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL noun [uncountable] 1  the right to enter a place, use something, see someone etc 进入权;使用权;接触的机会 access to Access to the papers is restricted to senior management. 只有高级管理层才有权查阅这些文件。 Cats should always have access to fresh, clean water. 应该让猫总能喝到新鲜、干净的水。 2  how easy or difficult it is for people to enter a public building, to reach a place, or talk to someone 进入;到达;面见〔的难易度〕 access for We’re trying to improve access for disabled visitors. 我们正在设法给残障访客的出入提供便利。 access to a villa with easy access to the sea 一幢离大海很近的别墅 3  the way you use to enter a building or reach a place 入口;通路 Access is by means of a small door on the right. 入口是右边的一扇小门。 access to Access to the restrooms is through the foyer. 去洗手间要穿过门厅。 4. have access to a car/computer etc to have a car, a computer etc that you can use 有汽车/计算机等可以使用 5  British English the legal right to see and spend time with your children, a prisoner, an official etc 探视权 My ex-husband has access to the children once a week. 我的前夫有权每周探望孩子一次。 6  gain/get access (to something) to succeed in entering a place or in seeing someone or something 进入〔某地〕;见到〔某人或某物〕 The police managed to gain access through an upstairs window. 警察设法从楼上的一扇窗户进入了屋子。 Related topics: Computers access2 ●●○ AWL verb [transitive] to find information, especially on a computer 存取,获取〔尤指计算机数据〕 Users can access their voice mail remotely. 用户可以远程获取语音邮件。 Origin access1 (1300-1400) Old French acces “arrival”, from Latin accessus “approach”, from accedere; → ACCEDE [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] access ★★★☆☆ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词进入(权);通道;入径 If you have access to a building or other place, you are able or allowed to go into it. 【搭配模式】:usu N to n The facilities have been adapted to give access to wheelchair users. 这些设施已经改造过以方便轮椅使用者进入。 Scientists have only recently been able to gain access to the area... 科学家直到最近才得以进入该地区。 The Mortimer Hotel offers easy access to central London. 从莫蒂默旅馆去往伦敦市中心交通近便。 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词查阅(或使用)的机会(或权利) If you have access to something such as information or equipment, you have the opportunity or right to see it or use it. 【搭配模式】:usu N to n ...a Code of Practice that would give patients right of access to their medical records. 允许病人查看自己病历的职业准则 ...whether one has access to a dish and the other accoutrements needed to watch satellite TV. 是否能使用碟型卫星天线以及其他观看卫星电视所需要的装备 3.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词接近(或面见)的机会(或权利) If you have access to a person, you have the opportunity or right to see them or meet them. 【搭配模式】:usu N to n He was not allowed access to a lawyer. 他未被获准见律师。 My ex-wife deliberately sabotages my access to the children. 我的前妻蓄意阻挠我见孩子。 4.VERB 动词存取,访问(计算机信息) If you access something, especially information held on a computer, you succeed in finding or obtaining it. 【语法信息】:V n You've illegally accessed and misused confidential security files. 你已经非法访问并盗用了机密的安全文件。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 access /ˈækˌsɛs/ noun [noncount] 1 : a way of getting near, at, or to something or someone通道;途径;入口 All public buildings should provide wheelchair access. [=a way for people in wheelchairs to enter] 所有的公共建筑都应该提供轮椅通道。 The cup holders are placed for easy access. [=so that they can be easily reached] 茶托放在方便拿取的地方。 — often + to The town wants to increase public access to beaches. 小镇想要增加去往海滩的公共道路。 A dirt road provides access to the home. 一条土路通往那处住宅。 2 : a way of being able to use or get something使用的权利;获得的机会 We have Internet access at the library. 我们在图书馆里可以上网。 — usually + to We have access to the Internet at the library. 我们在图书馆里可以上网。 I don't have access to a car right now. [=I don't have a car that I can use right now] 我目前没有车可用。 Patients need better access to medical care. 病人需要更方便地得到治疗。 increasing children's access to education 增加儿童受教育的机会 They tried to gain illegal access to the company's network. 他们试图非法侵入这家公司的网络。 — see also access time 3 : permission or the right to enter, get near, or make use of something or to have contact with someone(进入、接近或使用的)权利,许可 — usually + to They refused to give the police access to their home. 他们拒绝让警方进入家中。 divorced parents who want increased/improved access to their children 想有更多机会接触孩子的离婚父母。 Investigators are trying to gain/get access to his financial records. [=trying to get the right to see his financial records] 调查员们正在争取获得查看他的财务记录的权利。 He was granted/denied access to the report. [=he was given/refused permission to see the report] 他被允许/拒绝查看那份报告。 2 access /ˈækˌsɛs/ verb accesses; accessed; accessing [+ object] : to gain access to (something)获取;取得;到达: such as a : to be able to use, enter, or get near (something)获准(使用、进入或接近) The new system makes it easier to access the money in your bank account. 新系统使人们从自己的银行账户中取钱更便捷。 Your favorite radio stations can be accessed at the touch of a button. 按一下按钮就能收听到你最喜欢的电台。 b : to open or load (a computer file, an Internet site, etc.)打开,载入(电脑文件、网站等) The file loads every time you access the Web site. 每次打开网站,文件就会自动加载。 The file can be accessed by many users at the same time. 这份文件可以同时被多位用户共享。 She could work at home by remotely accessing the company's network. 她可以通过远程登录公司网络在家上班。 You'll need a password to access the database. 你需要密码才能进入数据库。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accident

    英 ['æksɪdənt]     美 ['æksɪdənt]    
    • n. 事故;意外;偶然;造化
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accident 高中必修500 全国卷频次:32 教材出处:译林版必修B3U4 /ˈæksɪdənt/ n. accidents 10 事故,意外的事 高考真题原句选: On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine, she went pale. Now, We're always hearing about road accidents. But it doesn’t happen by accident. But it was quite by accident that I discovered the deep meaning of his words. Road accidents, which had fallen for years, are now rising sharply. (2022全国II卷) 二、习惯用语 traffic accident 交通事故 by accident 偶然;意外地 car accident 车祸;交通事故 accident insurance 意外保险;事故保险 accident prevention 事故预防;安全措施 fire accident 火灾事故;失火 accident rate 意外伤害率 road accident 交通事故 fatal accident 死亡事故 nuclear accident 核事故 industrial accident 工伤事故;工业事故;劳动事故 have an accident vi. 出事故 cerebrovascular accident [医]脑血管意外(等于中风);脑血管伤害 personal accident insurance 个人人身意外伤害保险 collision accident 碰撞事故;空中相撞事故 vehicle accident 交通事故 aviation accident 航空事故;飞机失事;飞行事故 transportation accident 交通事故 minor accident 轻微事故;小事故 unexpected accident 不能预料的事故 三、词义辨析 accident, incident, event 这组名词的共同意思是“事件”,其区别是: 1.accident是偶然发生的; incident是附属于偶发事件的; 而event则不一定是偶然的。 2.accident在没有happy, lucky这类词修饰时,多指不幸事件; 而incident和event则不一定是不幸的。 3.incident指日常小事或不太重要的事件; 而accident则多指涉及人命的大事,但不用于政治事件。试比较下面两句: Being late for school is an incident, not an accident. 上学迟到是小事情,不是大事故。 Being hit by a car is an accident, not an incident.被汽车撞了是大事故,不是 小事情。 如果把accident和incident连用,这种差异就更明显了。例如: Accidents are becoming incidents on this railway.这条铁路上事故已成家常便饭。 须注意的是incident有时也指大事,但多指在政治上、军事上、外交上可能导致争端或战争的事件。例如: It was a frontier incident.这是一次边境事件。 4.event也可指日常小事,但主要指重要的事件(国家的、社会的、边界的等)。例如:This is one of the chief events of this year.这是本年度大事之一。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·ci·dent / 5AksidEnt / noun 1. [C] an unpleasant event, especially in a vehicle, that happens unexpectedly and causes injury or damage (交通)事故;意外遭遇;不测事件: a car / road / traffic accident 车祸;公路事故;交通事故 He was killed in an accident. 他死于一次车祸。 One in eight accidents is caused by sleepy drivers. 每七次交通事故就有一次是驾车者困倦造成的。 The accident happened at 3 p.m. 事故发生于下午 3 点钟。 to have an accident 出事故 a serious / minor accident 严重/轻微事故 a fatal accident (= in which sb is killed) 死亡事故 accidents in the home 家中发生的意外事件 a climbing / riding accident 登山/骑马不幸意外事件 Take out accident insurance before you go on your trip. 你去旅行前要办理好意外保险。 I didn't mean to break it— it was an accident. 我不是故意打碎它的——这是个意外。 2. [C, U] something that happens unexpectedly and is not planned in advance 意外;偶然的事: Their early arrival was just an accident. 他们早到仅仅是偶然而已。 It is no accident that men fill most of the top jobs in nursing. 男人担任护理中大多数最重要的工作绝非偶然。 an accident of birth / fate / history (= describing facts and events that are due to chance or circumstances) 出生/命运/历史的偶然性 ⇨ note at luck IDIOMS ▪ 7 accidents will 'happen people say accidents will happen to tell sb who has had an accident, for example breaking sth, that it does not matter and they should not worry 出事是难免的 ▪ by accident in a way that is not planned or organized 偶然;意外地 OPP on purpose , deliberately : We met by accident at the airport. 我们在机场不期而遇。 Helen got into acting purely by accident. 海伦当演员完全出于偶然。 ⇨ more at chapter , wait v. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accident /ˈæksɪdənt/ ●●● S2 W2 noun 1  by accident in a way that is not planned or intended 偶然,意外地 OPP on purpose, deliberately I met her quite by accident (=completely by accident). 我遇见她完全是偶然。 The discovery was made almost by accident. 这项发现几乎纯属意外。 The pilot, whether by accident or design (=whether it was planned or not planned), made the plane do a sharp turn. 不知是有意还是无意,那名飞行员让飞机来了个急转弯。 → See picture of 见图 accident 2  [countable] an event in which a car, train, plane etc is damaged and often someone is hurt 交通事故;车祸;失事 Over 70,000 people are seriously injured every year in road accidents. 每年在道路事故中受重伤的有七万多人。 The accident happened at the junction of Forest Road and Pine Walk. 事故发生在森林路与松树路的交叉口。 a train accident 火车事故 3  [countable] a situation in which someone is injured or something is damaged without anyone intending them to be 事故,意外事件 Ken had an accident at work and had to go to hospital. 肯在工作中出了事故,不得不去医院。 I’m sorry about breaking the vase – it was an accident (=I did not intend to do it). 对不起,我把花瓶打碎了——这是个意外。 a climbing/skiing/hunting etc accident He died in a climbing accident in the Himalayas. 他在攀登喜马拉雅山时遇难。 She was injured in a freak accident (=an unusual accident) when a wall suddenly collapsed. 她在一场墙壁突然倒塌的诡异事故中受了伤。 I had a slight accident with your coffee. 出了个小小的意外,我把你的咖啡弄洒了。 They lost their lives in a tragic accident. 他们在一次悲惨的事故中丧生。 4  [countable, uncountable] something that happens without anyone planning or intending it 意外事件 My third baby was an accident. 我的第三个孩子是意外怀上的。 It is no accident that men fill most of the top jobs in nursing, while women remain on the lower grades. 男性在护理行业中占据大多数重要职位,而女性仍处于较低级别,这绝非偶然。 an accident of birth/geography/history etc (=an event or situation caused by chance) 出生/地理/历史等的偶然 5. accidents (will) happen spoken used to tell someone who has broken something that they should not worry that it has happened 意外事情在所难免,不小心总是有的 6  an accident waiting to happen used about a situation in which an accident is likely to happen because no one is trying to prevent it 肯定会出的事故 The boats are being left to drift; it’s an accident waiting to happen. 任由这些船漂流,肯定会出事的。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accident ★★★☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词交通事故;车祸 An accident happens when a vehicle hits a person, an object, or another vehicle, causing injury or damage. She was involved in a serious car accident last week... 上星期她卷入了一场严重的车祸。 Six passengers were killed in the accident. 六名乘客在车祸中丧生。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词(不幸的)意外遭遇,不测事件;事故 If someone has an accident, something unpleasant happens to them that was not intended, sometimes causing injury or death. 5,000 people die every year because of accidents in the home... 每年有5,000人死于家中的意外事故。 The police say the killing of the young man was an accident. 警方说这个年轻人被杀是一个意外。 3.N-VAR 可变名词意外;偶然 If something happens by accident, it happens completely by chance. 【搭配模式】:usu by N She discovered the problem by accident... 她碰巧发现了这个问题。 Almost like an accident of nature, this family has produced more talent than seems possible. 就像是天缘巧合,这个家族不可思议地人才辈出。 4.PHRASE 短语可能发生意外的事物(或人) If you describe something or someone as an accident waiting to happen, you mean that they are likely to be a cause of danger in the future, for example because they are in poor condition or behave in an unpredictable way. 【搭配模式】:N inflects A lot of the city's buildings are accidents waiting to happen. 该城市中许多楼房都存在事故隐患。 5.PHRASE 短语并非偶然;事出有因 You begin a sentence with 'it's no accident' if you want to suggest that something was done deliberately or has a logical explanation, although it might give the impression of having happened by chance. 【搭配模式】:usu PHR that It's no accident that the boom in police series on TV coincided with the decline of the Western. 警匪剧在电视上盛行之时恰好是西部片衰退之际,这并非偶然。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accident /ˈæksədənt/ noun plural accidents [count] 1 : a sudden event (such as a crash) that is not planned or intended and that causes damage or injury事故;意外遭遇 We got in a car accident. = We had a car accident. 我们遭遇了车祸。 a traffic accident 交通事故 a fatal accident 死亡事故 a motorcycle accident 摩托车事故 He was injured in an accident at work. 他工作时出意外受了伤。 The accident happened when her car slid on a patch of ice. 这场事故的起因是她的汽车在冰上打滑。 Investigators are still trying to determine the cause of the accident. 调查员们还在努力确定事故的起因。 “I'm sorry that I broke the bowl.” “That's OK. It was just an accident.” = “That's OK. Accidents will happen.” “对不起,我把碗打碎了。”“没关系。这只是个意外。” ◊ An accident waiting to happen is a person or thing that is dangerous or unsafe.危险人物危险事件 My brother is the clumsiest person I know. He's just an accident waiting to happen. 我弟弟简直笨透了。他就会惹祸。 2 : an event that is not planned or intended : an event that occurs by chance意外;偶发事件 Their meeting was an accident. 他们的碰面纯属偶然。 It is just an accident that they arrived when they did. 我们两拨人碰巧同时到了。 She says that her pregnancy was an accident. 她说自己的怀孕是个意外。 His wealth is a mere accident of birth. [=he is wealthy only because he was born into a wealthy family] 他之所以富有仅仅是因为他碰巧生在了有钱人家。 He says that no one is to blame for his illness. It was just an accident of nature. [=something that happened naturally] 他说自己的病谁也不能怪,只是凑巧赶上了。 It is no accident that the assistant he hired is so good-looking. [=he deliberately chose a good-looking person to be his assistant] 他雇了一个长得那么漂亮的助理绝不是偶然。 by accident : in a way that is not planned or intended偶然;碰巧 They met by accident. [=by chance] 他们碰巧遇上了。 She says that she became pregnant by accident. [=unintentionally] 她说她意外怀孕了。 Scientists discovered the vaccine almost/quite/entirely by accident. 科学家们发现这种疫苗,几乎/实在/完全是个偶然。 Did it happen by accident [=accidentally] or by design? 这件事是意外还是事先设计好的? [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accommodation

    英 [əˌkɒmə'deɪʃn]     美 [əˌkɑːmə'deɪʃn]    
    • n. 膳宿;和解;住处;适应
    [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accommodation 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版选必修B3U1 /əˌkɔməˈdeɪʃən/ n. accommodations 1 住处,膳宿,(车,船,飞机等的)预定铺位 高考真题原句选: Those who travel to fishing spots pay for accommodation and airfares. At the end of the day, she returned to take me back to my accommodation. Accommodations aim to have a low impact on the natural environment. 二、习惯用语 accommodation space 起居舱室 hostel accommodation 宿舍单位 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·com·mo·da·tion / E7kCmE5deiFn; NAmE E7kB:m- / noun 1. [U] (BrE) a place to live, work or stay in 住处;办公处;停留处: rented / temporary / furnished accommodation 租的/临时的/有家具的住处 Hotel accommodation is included in the price of your holiday. 你度假的价款包括旅馆住宿在内。 The building plans include much needed new office accommodation. 建筑规划包括紧缺的新办公用房在内。 First-class accommodation is available on all flights. 所有班机都备有一等舱位。 2. accommodations [pl.] (NAmE) somewhere to live or stay, often also providing food or other services 住宿;膳宿: More and more travelers are looking for bed and breakfast accommodations in private homes. 愈来愈多的旅行者在寻找由私人住户提供住宿和早餐的服务。 3. [C, U] (formal) an agreement or arrangement between people or groups with different opinions which is acceptable to everyone; the process of reaching this agreement 和解;调解;调和: They were forced to reach an accommodation with the rebels. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accommodation /əˌkɒməˈdeɪʃən $ əˌkɑː-/ ●●○ W2 AWL noun 1  [uncountable] especially British English (also accommodations American English) a place for someone to stay, live, or work 住处;工作场所 The price for the holiday includes flights and accommodation. 度假的价格包括机票和住宿。 living accommodations for the crews 船员的起居舱 travel and hotel accommodations 旅行及酒店住宿 rented accommodation 租用的住处 secure accommodation for young offenders 严密看管的少年犯囚室 Universities have to provide student accommodation for first-year students. 大学必须为一年级生提供学生宿舍。 2  [singular, uncountable] formal an agreement between people or groups who have different views or opinions, that satisfies everyone 和解 We reached an accommodation between both parties. 我们双方达成和解。 accommodate /əˈkɒmədeɪt $ əˈkɑː-/ ●○○ AWL verb 1  [transitive] if a room, building etc can accommodate a particular number of people or things, it has enough space for them 〔房间、建筑物等〕容纳 He bought a huge house to accommodate his library. 他买了一座大房子来放他的藏书。 The ballroom can accommodate 400 people. 那个舞厅可容纳400人。 2  [transitive] to provide someone with a place to stay, live, or work 为…提供住处[工作场所] The island was used to accommodate child refugees. 该岛用于收容儿童难民。 3  [transitive] to accept someone’s opinions and try to do what they want, especially when their opinions or needs are different from yours 迎合;迁就 We’ve made every effort to accommodate your point of view. 我们已经尽力采纳你的观点。 4  [intransitive] to get used to a new situation or to make yourself do this 适应;顺应 accommodate to Her eyes took a while to accommodate to the darkness. 她的眼睛过了一会儿才适应黑暗。 Origin accommodate (1500-1600) Latin past participle of accommodare, from ad- “to” + commodare “to make fit”, from commodus “suitable” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accommodation ★★★☆☆ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词住处;住所 Accommodation is used to refer to buildings or rooms where people live or stay. 【搭配模式】:also N in pl 【语域标签】:BRIT 英 The government will provide temporary accommodation for up to three thousand people... 政府将给多达3,000人提供临时住处。 Prices start at £1,095 per person, including flights, hotel accommodation and various excursions... 起价为单人1,095英镑,包括机票、旅店住宿和各种出游费用。 Rates are higher for deluxe accommodations. 豪华间收费较高。 in AM, use 美国英语用 accommodations 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词(楼房或交通工具内的)空间,座位,铺位 Accommodation is space in buildings or vehicles that is available for certain things, people, or activities. 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 The school occupies split-site accommodation on the main campus... 该学院分散在主校区不同地点。 Some trains carry bicycles, but accommodation is restricted so a reservation is essential. 有些火车可以运载自行车,但因空间有限需要提前预订。 Usage Note : Be careful with the spelling of this word. 注意该词的拼写。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词和解;调和 An accommodation is an agreement between different people which enables them to exist together without trouble. 【搭配模式】:oft N with n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 His instinct would be to seek a new accommodation with the nationalists... 他本能的反应会是寻求与民族主义者取得新的和解。 Religions, to survive, must make accommodations with the larger political structures that nurture them. 为了生存,宗教必须同其赖以存在的更大的政治体系相调和。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accommodation /əˌkɑːməˈdeɪʃən/ noun plural accommodations 1 a accommodations [plural] US : a place (such as a room in a hotel) where travelers can sleep and find other services住宿 We need overnight accommodations [=lodging] for four people. 我们需要处四个人过夜的地方。 They weren't sure if they could provide food and accommodations for the whole group. 他们不确定能否提供全组人的食宿。 The accommodations on board the boat are a bit cramped. 船上的住宿有点拥挤。 b [noncount] chiefly British : a place where people can live, stay, or work住处;工作场所 We need overnight accommodation [=lodging] for four people. 我们需要一处四个人过夜的地方。 office accommodation 办公场所 2 formal a : an agreement that allows people, groups, etc., to work together协议;和解 [singular] He hoped to reach an accommodation with the new owners. 他希望与新的所有者们达成协议。 [noncount] Negotiators were convinced that accommodation with the union was possible. 谈判者确信,与工会和解是可能的。 b : something done to provide what is needed or wanted for someone or something迎合;协调;迁就 [singular] He changed his schedule as an accommodation to his clients. 他调整了自己的时间安排来迁就客户。 [noncount] Changes were made for the accommodation of differing viewpoints. 为了协调不同的观点而做出了一些改变。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accompany

    [ə'kʌmpəni]     美 [ə'kʌmpəni] vt. 陪伴;伴随...发生;补充;给 ... 伴奏 vi. 伴奏 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accompany 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U2 /əˈkʌmpənɪ/ v. accompanies 0 accompanying 0 accompanied 2 陪伴,伴奏 高考真题原句提选: Find a friend to accompany you. And it was accompanied in the nest by the greatest sight of all—LUNCH! 二、习惯用语 accompany with 伴随着,兼带着;陪…同行 accompany by 随行,伴奏;在…的陪同下 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·com·pany / E5kQmpEni / verb (ac·com·pan·ies, ac·com·pany·ing, ac·com·pan·ied, ac·com·pan·ied) ▪ [VN] 1. (formal) to travel or go somewhere with sb 陪同;陪伴: His wife accompanied him on the trip. 那次旅行他由妻子陪同。 2. to happen or appear with sth else 伴随;与…同时发生: strong winds accompanied by heavy rain 狂风夹着暴雨 Each pack contains a book and accompanying CD. 每包内装书一本,并附光盘一张。 3. ~ sb (at / on sth) to play a musical instrument, especially a piano, while sb else sings or plays the main tune (尤指用钢琴)为…伴奏: The singer was accompanied on the piano by her sister. 女歌手由她姐姐钢琴伴奏。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accompany /əˈkʌmpəni/ ●●○ W2 AWL verb (accompanied, accompanying, accompanies) [transitive] 1  to go somewhere with someone 陪伴,陪同 Children under 14 must be accompanied by an adult. 14岁以下儿童必须有成人陪同。 Wherever her husband went, she would accompany him. 不论丈夫去哪里,她都陪伴左右。  Register 2  to play a musical instrument while someone sings a song or plays the main tune 为…伴奏 Daniel wanted Liz to accompany him on violin. 丹尼尔想让丽兹用小提琴为他伴奏。 3  to happen or exist at the same time as something else 伴随 be accompanied by something The disease is accompanied by sneezing and fever. 这种病伴有打喷嚏和发烧症状。 4  if a book, document etc accompanies something, it comes with it 〔书、文件等〕附有,带有,配有 Please see accompanying booklet for instructions. 说明请参阅所附的小册子。 Your passport application form should be accompanied by two recent photographs. 护照申请表应附近照两张。 Origin accompany (1400-1500) Old French acompaignier, from compaing “companion”, from Late Latin companio; → COMPANION [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accompany ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词陪伴;陪同 If you accompany someone, you go somewhere with them. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 Ken agreed to accompany me on a trip to Africa... 肯答应陪我一起去非洲。 She was accompanied by her younger brother... 她由弟弟陪着。 The Prime Minister, accompanied by the governor, led the President up to the house. 首相在州长陪同下带领总统前往那座房子。 2.VERB 动词伴随;和…一起发生(或同时存在) If one thing accompanies another, it happens or exists at the same time, or as a result of it. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【语法信息】:V-ing 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 This volume of essays was designed to accompany an exhibition in Cologne... 这本文集是为配合在科隆举办的一场展览而出的。 The proposal was instantly voted through with two to one in favour, accompanied by enthusiastic applause... 在热烈的掌声中,提案以2比1的优势很快通过了表决。 Perhaps the accompanying illustration will explain it. 可能所附的图表能对此作出解释。 3.VERB 动词为(歌手或乐手)伴奏 If you accompany a singer or a musician, you play one part of a piece of music while they sing or play the main tune. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed He sang and Alice accompanied him on the piano... 他一边唱,艾丽斯一边为他钢琴伴奏。 We ended with Blake's Jerusalem, accompanied on the organ by Herbert Wiseman. 在赫伯特·怀斯曼的风琴伴奏下,我们演唱了布莱克的《耶路撒冷》作为终曲。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accompany /əˈkʌmpəni/ verb accompanies; accompanied; accompanying [+ object] 1 : to go somewhere with (someone) : to be a companion for (someone)陪伴,陪同(某人) She will accompany me to the store. 她会陪我去商店。 Ten adults accompanied the class on their field trip. 十位成年人陪同全班进行了野外考察。 Children under 17 must be accompanied by an adult to see this movie. *17岁以下儿童必须由成人陪同才能观看这部电影。 2 a : to go together with (something) : to be included with (something)附带;兼有 A delicious sauce accompanied the grilled fish. 这种烤鱼配有美味的酱汁。 — often used as (be) accompanied常用作(be) accompanied The text is accompanied by over 100 photographs and charts. 正文配有100多张照片和图表。 b : to happen or occur at the same time as or along with (something)伴随;和…同时发生 — usually used as (be) accompanied通常用作(be) accompanied Low rates of unemployment are often accompanied by high inflation. 低失业率常常伴随着高通货膨胀。 The thunderstorm was accompanied by high winds. 那场雷雨伴有大风。 3 : to play music with (someone who is singing or playing the main tune) : to perform an accompaniment for (someone)为…伴奏 He will be accompanying her on the piano. 他将为她进行钢琴伴奏。 — accompanying adjective Call the phone number in the accompanying booklet for further information. 请拨打所附册子内的电话号码获取详细信息。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • according to

    [ə'kɔːdɪŋ  tu:]     美 [ə'kɔːrdɪŋ  tu:] prep. 按照;根据;取决于 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 according to 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:96 /əˈkɔːdɪŋ tʊ/ phr. 按照,根据(有依据、具有可信度的东西) 高考真题原句提选: Teens and younger children are reading a lot less for fun, according to a Common Sense Media report published Monday. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·cord·ing to / E5kC:diN tE; NAmE E5kC:rdiN / preposition 1. as stated or reported by sb / sth 据(…所说);按(…所报道): According to Mick, it's a great movie. 据米克说,这是一部了不起的电影。 You've been absent one times according to our records. 根据我们的记录,你已经缺席六次了。 2. following, agreeing with or depending on sth 依照;按照;根据: The work was done according to her instructions. 这项工作是依照她的指示办的。 Everything went according to plan. 一切均按照计划进行。 The salary will be fixed according to qualifications and experience. 薪金将依资历和经验而定。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] according to ●●● S2 W1 preposition 1  as shown by something or stated by someone 据…所示,按…所说 According to the police, his attackers beat him with a blunt instrument. 按照警方的说法,袭击者用钝器击打他。 There is now widespread support for these proposals, according to a recent public opinion poll. 根据最近的民意调查,目前人们普遍支持这些提议。 Don’t say ‘according to me’ or ‘according to my opinion/point of view’. Say in my opinion: In my opinion his first book is much better. 不要说 ‘according to me’ 或 ‘according to my opinion/point of view’. 而要说 in my opinion: In my opinion his first book is much better. 依我看,他的第一本书好多了。 2  in a way that depends on differences in situations or amounts 取决于,根据 You will be paid according to the amount of work you do. 你的酬劳将按工作量来定。 3  in a way that agrees with a system or plan, or obeys a set of rules 按照,根据 The game will be played according to rules laid down for the 1992 Cup. 比赛将按1992年杯赛所制定的规则进行。 Everything went according to plan, and we arrived on time. 一切按计划进行,我们准时到达。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] according to ★★★★★ 1.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词据…所说;按…所载 If someone says that something is true according to a particular person, book, or other source of information, they are indicating where they got their information. Philip stayed at the hotel, according to Mr Hemming... 据亨明先生所说,菲利普住在旅馆里。 He and his father, according to local gossip, haven't been in touch for years. 当地风传,他和父亲已多年未联系了。 2.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词依据,根据,依照 (原则等) If something is done according to a particular set of principles, these principles are used as a basis for the way it is done. They both played the game according to the rules... 他们俩都依章行事。 They must take their own decision according to their own legal advice. 他们必须根据各自律师的意见自行决定。 3.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词取决于;以…为转移 If something varies according to a changing factor, it varies in a way that is determined by this factor. Prices vary according to the quantity ordered... 价格随订购数量不同而有所变化。 The route that the boatmen choose varies according to the water level. 船夫选择的路线会随水位的变化而有所不同。 4.PHRASE 短语按照计划;如同料想的那样 If something happens according to plan, it happens in exactly the way that it was intended to happen. 【搭配模式】:usu PHR after v If all goes according to plan, the first concert will be Tuesday evening. 如果一切都按计划进行的话,第一场音乐会将在星期二晚上举行。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] according to preposition 1 : as stated, reported, or recorded by (someone or something)据…所说;根据…报道 According to a recent survey, most Americans drive to work. [=a recent survey says that most Americans drive to work] 根据一项近期调查,多数美国人开车上班。 According to rumors I've heard, he was fired for stealing from the company. 根据我听到的传言,他是因为盗窃公司财物而被解雇的。 2 : as directed or required by (rules, directions, etc.)按照;遵循 She always did everything according to the rules. 她总是照章行事。 I cooked the rice according to the directions on the box. 我按照盒子上的说明煮米饭。 Everything went according to plan. [=everything went as it had been planned] 一切按计划进行。 3 : in a way that is based on (something)以…为依据 He arranged the books on the shelf according to [=by] their size. 他把架子上的书按照大小进行整理。 He was paid according to how quickly he worked. 他的酬劳与干活的快慢挂钩。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • account

    [ə'kaʊnt]     美 [ə'kaʊnt] n. 账户;帐目;赊账;老主顾;报告;描述;解释;说明;估计;理由;利益;好处;根据 v. 解释;导致;报账;把 ... 视为;归咎(于)  accounted  accounted  accounting  accounts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 account 高中必修500 全国卷频次:5 教材出处:译林版必修B1U2 /əˈkaʊnt/ n.&v. accounts 1 accounts 3 accounting 3 accounted 0 计算;帐目;理由 & 对…负有责任;对…做出解释;说明…的原因;导致;(比例)占 高考真题原句选: On account of the cold in winter, some birds move to the south. Papua New Guinea alone accounts for well over 800. According to the World Bank, China accounts for about 30 percent of total global fertilizer (化肥) consumption. Written accounts from the 18th and 19th centuries described flocks (旅鸽群) so large that they darkened the sky for hours. 考虑 They now need to take into account the extent of firms’ data assets (资产) when assessing the impact of deals. Feeding according to schedule runs the risk of harming the rapidly growing brain by taking no account of sinking blood sugar levels. 二、习惯用语 account of 在某人帐上重视,记帐 account for 对…负有责任;对…做出解释;说明……的原因 your account 您的帐号 take into account 考虑;重视;体谅 on account 记帐,赊帐;分期付款 on account of 由于;因为;为了…的缘故 bank account 银行存款;银行往来帐户 be taken into account [俚]被考虑 current account 经常帐;活期存款帐户 account number 帐号 of account 重要的;有价值的 savings account 储蓄帐户 no account 没用的;无交易;未交帐户;无会计科目 account management 账户管理 capital account 资本性帐户;固定资产帐户 open an account 开立帐户 take account of 考虑到;顾及;体谅 deposit account 存款帐户;储蓄存款 new account 新帐户;新开帐户 checking account 活期存款;支票户头;活期存款户头 三、词义辨析
    take account of, take an account of
    • 这两个短语意思不同。take account of的意思是“考虑到,顾及”; take an account of 的意思是“清算; 算账”。
    account, chronicle, story, version
    • 这组词都可用来表示对某事物的“描述”“陈述”。其区别是:
    • account表示“记事”“叙事”,多指目击者的客观描述; chronicle 表示“记事”“编年史”,指按事件发生的先后顺序所做的叙述或汇报; story 表示“描述”“说法”,常常与另外的叙述形成对照,侧重叙述是杜撰的,或有杜撰之嫌; version 表示“说法”,总是与另外的叙述形成对照,侧重两者的细节和内在关系的不同。
    account, anecdote, fable, legend, myth, story, tale
    • 这组词都可表示叙事性的文字。其区别是:
    • 1.account, fable, legend, myth, story, tale是一般用词; anecdote是正式用词。
    • 2.account指对于某事的详细说明,原原本本,有头有尾,多用于报道事实; story指取悦于人的完整故事,有人物,有情节,有头有尾,可口头也可书面,可真实也可虚构,体裁上则既可为诗体,也可为散文体; anecdote指轶事趣闻,一般较短,有趣味; fable指寓言,主人公多为拟人化的动物或非生物,多为虚构,旨在说明一个道理或教训,而寓言则多在结尾处点明; legend 指民间传说或传奇故事,多含虚幻成分; myth指神话,特指与宗教或原始文明有关的故事,多以超人的力量去解释自然现象或人生; tale指故事或传说,即或有事实根据也多添枝加叶或夸张,含荒唐不可信的意味。
    account, bill, invoice
    • account 与 bill, invoice的意思都与账目或单据有关,其区别是:
    • account 是商业用语,强调金钱、物资或服务的收支情况。bill 指“票据”“凭单”,是对所购货物或所得服务的付款通知单,可以见单付款或记入账内。invoice 指“发票”“清单”,指列有物品细则和服务项目及其收费等的清单。
    of no account, on no account
    • 这两个短语意思不同。on no account的意思是“绝不可以”; 而of no account作“无足轻重”“无关紧要”解。
    account, report
    • 这两个词的共同意思是“报道”。其区别在于:report表示通过调查作出的官方或正式的说明,通常含有对情况的分析判断; account则仅指由目击者、见证人对事情发生的过程所作的陈述或说明。例如:
    • The reports are restricted to descriptions, and give no opinions about the facts.那些报道只限于记录事实,而不加以任何评论。
    • According to newspaper accounts the car was coming too fast round the bend.据报纸报道,那辆车拐弯时速度太快。
    account,report
    • 这两个名词的有“报道,叙述”之意。
    • account普通用词,不如report正式,侧重对亲身经历或目睹之事所作的书面或口头的报道或叙述。
    • report正式用词,多指报刊上的报道,强调对情况经过调查或审核后作出的详尽叙述,具有一定权威性。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·count / E5kaunt / noun AT BANK 银行 1. (abbr. a/c) an arrangement that sb has with a bank, etc. to keep money there, take some out, etc. 账户: I don't have a bank account. 我没有银行账户。 to have an account at / with a bank 在银行有账户 to open / close an account 开立/结清账户 What's your account number please? 请问你的账户号码? I paid the cheque into my savings account. 我把支票存入我的储蓄账户。 a joint account (= one in the name of more than one person) 联合账户 ⇨ see also budget account , checking account , current account , deposit account BUSINESS RECORDS 商业记录 2. [usually pl.] a written record of money that is owed to a business and of money that has been paid by it 账目: to do the accounts 记账 the accounts department 会计部门 ⇨ see also expense account , profit and loss account WITH SHOP / STORE 商店 3. (BrE also 'credit account) (NAmE also 'charge account) an arrangement with a shop / store or business to pay bills for goods or services at a later time, for example in regular amounts every month 赊销账;赊欠账;赊购: Put it on my account please. 请记在我的赊购账上。 We have accounts with most of our suppliers. 我们与大多数供应商都是实行赊购制。 ⇨ note at bill REGULAR CUSTOMER 老主顾 4. (business 商) a regular customer 老主顾: The agency has lost several of its most important accounts. 这家代理机构失去了几家最重要的老客户。 COMPUTING 计算机技术 5. an arrangement that sb has with a company that allows them to use the Internet, send and receive messages by email, etc. (互联网、电子邮件等的)账户,账号: an Internet / email account 互联网/电子邮件账户 DESCRIPTION 描述 6. a written or spoken description of sth that has happened 描述;敍述;报告: She gave the police a full account of the incident. 她向警方详尽地敍述了所发生的事情。 ⇨ note at report 7. an explanation or a description of an idea, a theory or a process (思想、理论、过程的)解释,说明,敍述: the Biblical account of the creation of the world 《圣经》对创世的解释 IDIOMS ▪ by / from all accounts according to what other people say 据说;根据报道: I've never been there, but it's a lovely place, by all accounts. 我从未去过那里,但据说是个美丽的地方。 ▪ by your own account according to what you say yourself 根据某人自己所说: By his own account he had an unhappy childhood. 据他自己说,他有一个不幸的童年。 ▪ give a good / poor ac'count of yourself (BrE) to do sth or perform well or badly, especially in a contest (尤指比赛中)表现好/不好,干得出色/差劲: The team gave a good account of themselves in the match. 这个队在比赛中表现出色。 ▪ of no / little ac'count (formal) not important 不重要;无足轻重 ▪ on account if you buy sth or pay on account, you pay nothing or only a small amount immediately and the rest later 挂账;(先付小部份款额的)赊账 ▪ on sb's account because of what you think sb wants 为了某人的缘故: Please don't change your plans on my account. 请别因为我而改变你的计划。 ▪ on account of sb / sth because of sb / sth 由于;因为: She retired early on account of ill health. 她体弱多病,所以提前退休。 ▪ on no account | not on any account (used to emphasize sth 用于强调) not for any reason 决不;绝对不: On no account should the house be left unlocked. 离开住宅时千万要锁门。 ▪ on your own ac'count 1. for yourself 为自己: In 1992 Smith set up in business on his own account. 1992 年史密斯自己开始经商。 2. because you want to and you have decided, not sb else 自愿地: No one sent me, I am here on my own account. 没有人派我,我自己来的。 ▪ on this / that account (formal) because of the particular thing that has been mentioned 由于这个/那个缘故: Weather conditions were poor, but he did not delay his departure on that account. 天气不好,但他并没有因此延期启程。 ▪ put / turn sth to good ac'count (formal) to use sth in a good or helpful way 善用;利用 ▪ take account of sth | take sth into account to consider particular facts, circumstances, etc. when making a decision about sth 考虑到;顾及: The company takes account of environmental issues wherever possible. 只要有可能,这家公司总是尽量考虑到环境问题。 Coursework is taken into account as well as exam results. 除考试结果外,课程作业也要计入成绩。 The defendant asked for a number of other offences to be taken into account. 被告要求考虑其他一些罪行。 ⇨ more at blow n., call v., settle v. verb [usually passive] (formal) to have the opinion that sb / sth is a particular thing 认为是;视为: ▪ [VN-ADJ] In English law a person is accounted innocent until they are proved guilty. 按英国法津,一个人未经证实有罪之前被视为无罪。 ▪ [VN-N] The event was accounted a success. 人们认为这次活动是成功的。 ▪ there's no accounting for 'taste (saying) used to say how difficult it is to understand why sb likes sb / sth that you do not like at all 人的爱憎好恶是无法解释的;人各有所好: She thinks he's wonderful—oh well, there's no accounting for taste. 她认为他了不起——嗯,算了,人各有所好嘛。 PHRASAL VERBS ▪ ac'count for sth 1. to be the explanation or cause of sth 是…的说明(或原因) SYN explain : The poor weather may have accounted for the small crowd. 天气不好可能是人来得少的原因。 Oh well, that accounts for it (= I understand now why it happened). 哎呀,原来是这么一回事。 2. to give an explanation of sth 解释;说明 SYN explain : How do you account for the show's success? 你认为这次演出为何成功? 3. to be a particular amount or part of sth (数量上、比例上)占: The Japanese market accounts for 35% of the company's revenue. 日本市场占该公司收入的 35%。 ▪ ac'count for sb / sth 1. to know where sb / sth is or what has happened to them, especially after an accident (尤指在事故之后)了解,查明: All passengers have now been accounted for. 现在所有乘客的情况均已查明。 2. (informal) to defeat or destroy sb / sth 打败;破坏;摧毁;消灭: Our anti-aircraft guns accounted for five enemy bombers. 我们的高射炮击落了五架敌人的轰炸机。 ▪ ac'count for sth (to sb) to give a record of how the money in your care has been spent 报账;出示经手款项的单据: We have to account for every penny we spend on business trips. 我们出公差所用的每一分钱都得报清楚。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] account1 /əˈkaʊnt/ ●●● S1 W1 noun [countable] 1  DESCRIPTION 描述 a written or spoken description that says what happens in an event or process 叙述,描写,报道 account of He was too shocked to give an account of what had happened. 他因受惊过度而无法描述所发生的事情。 blow-by-blow account (=a description of all the details of an event in the order that they happened) 一五一十的叙述 a blow-by-blow account of how England lost to Portugal 英格兰队如何负于葡萄牙队的详细报道 Chomsky’s account of how children learn their first language 乔姆斯基关于儿童如何学习第一语言的描述 eye-witness/first-hand account (=a description of events by someone who saw them) 目击者的/第一手的描述 Eye-witness accounts told of the unprovoked shooting of civilians. 目击者讲到平民无故被枪击。 This gives a first-hand account of the war. 这是关于这场战争的第一手报道。 2  AT A BANK 在银行 (written abbreviation a/c or acct.) an arrangement in which a bank keeps your money safe so that you can pay more in or take money out 账户 My salary is paid into my bank account. 我的工资直接存入我的银行账户。 I’ve opened an account with Barclay’s Bank. 我在巴克莱银行开了一个账户。 My husband and I have a joint account (=one that is shared between two people). 我和丈夫有个联名账户。 → bank account, checking account, current account, deposit account, profit and loss account, savings account 3  take account of something (also take something into account) to consider or include particular facts or details when making a decision or judgment about something 考虑到某事,把某事考虑进去 These figures do not take account of changes in the rate of inflation. 这些数字没有把通货膨胀率的变化考虑进去。 4  on account of something because of something else, especially a problem or difficulty 因为某事,由于某事 She was told to wear flat shoes, on account of her back problem. 因为背部有问题,她被建议穿平底鞋。 5  accounts a) [plural] an exact record of the money that a company has received and the money it has spent 账目 The accounts for last year showed a profit of $2 million. 去年的账目显示利润为200万美元。 b) [uncountable] a department in a company that is responsible for keeping records of the amount of money spent and received 〔公司的〕财务部 Eileen works in accounts. 艾琳在财务部工作。 6. on account if you buy goods on account, you take them away with you and pay for them later 赊账 7  WITH A SHOP/COMPANY 商店/公司 an arrangement that you have with a shop or company, which allows you to buy goods or use a service now and pay for them later 〔可先使用后付款的〕赊欠账户 SYN credit account Can you charge this to my account please? 你能把这记在我的(赊欠)账上吗? an unlimited-use Internet account 一个能无限使用的因特网后付费账户 8  BILL 账单 a statement that shows how much money you owe for things you have bought from a shop 账单 SYN bill pay/settle your account (=pay what you owe) 付账/结账 James left the restaurant, settling his account by credit card. 詹姆斯用信用卡结完账离开餐厅。 9  ARRANGEMENT TO SELL GOODS 售货安排 an arrangement to sell goods and services to another company over a period of time 〔一段时间内的〕交易安排 10  by/from all accounts according to what a lot of people say 根据各方面所说 11  on somebody’s account if you do something on someone’s account, you do it because you think they want you to 为了某人的缘故 12  on your own account by yourself or for yourself 靠自己;为自己 13  on no account/not on any account used when saying that someone must not, for any reason, do something 决不,绝对不 14  by somebody’s own account according to what you have said, especially when you have admitted doing something wrong 据某人自己所说 15  on that account/on this account concerning a particular situation 由于那个/这个缘故 16  give a good/poor account of yourself to do something or perform very well or very badly 表现好/表现差 17  bring/call somebody to account formal to force someone who is responsible for a mistake or a crime to explain publicly why they did it and punish them for it if necessary 追究某人的责任 18  put/turn something to good account formal to use something for a good purpose 善用某物,充分利用某物 19  of no/little account formal not important 不重要,没关系 account2 ●●○ S3 W3 verb 1 account for something phrasal verb a) to form a particular amount or part of something 占〔一定数量或比例〕 Afro-Americans account for 12% of the US population. 非裔美国人占美国人口的12%。 b) to be the reason why something happens 是…的原因 SYN explain Recent pressure at work may account for his behavior. 他的行为也许是最近的工作压力导致的。 c) to give a satisfactory explanation of why something has happened or why you did something 解释,说明 SYN explain Can you account for your movements on that night? 你能说明一下你那天晚上的行踪吗? d) to say where all the members of a group of people or things are, especially because you are worried that some of them may be lost 说明…在何处 Three days after the earthquake, more than 150 people had still to be accounted for. 地震发生3天后,仍有150多人下落不明。 Origin account2 (1300-1400) Old French acompter, from compter “to count” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] account ★★★★★ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词(银行等的)账户 If you have an account with a bank or a similar organization, you have an arrangement to leave your money there and take some out when you need it. Some banks make it difficult to open an account... 一些银行把开户弄得很麻烦。 I had two accounts with Natwest, a savings account and a current account. 我在国民威斯敏斯特银行有两个账户,一个储蓄账户和一个活期存款账户。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词固定客户,老主顾(尤指公司) In business, a regular customer of a company can be referred to as an account, especially when the customer is another company. 【FIELD标签】:BUSINESS 商 Biggart Donald, the Glasgow-based marketing agency, has won two Edinburgh accounts. 比加特·唐纳德,这家驻格拉斯哥的营销代理公司已赢得了两个爱丁堡的客户。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词账;账目 Accounts are detailed records of all the money that a person or business receives and spends. 【搭配模式】:usu pl 【FIELD标签】:BUSINESS 商 He kept detailed accounts. 他记明细账。 ...an account book. 账本 4.N-COUNT 可数名词(书面或口头的)记述,描述,陈述,报告 An account is a written or spoken report of something that has happened. 【搭配模式】:with supp He gave a detailed account of what happened on the fateful night... 他详细描述了那个灾难性夜晚所发生的事。 According to police accounts, Mr and Mrs Hunt were found dead on the floor of their kitchen. 据警方称,亨特夫妇被发现死在家里厨房的地板上。 5.N-COUNT 可数名词解释;说明 An account of something is a theory which is intended to explain or describe it. 【搭配模式】:usu N of n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 This basic utilitarian model gives a relatively unsophisticated account of human behaviour... 这个实用的基础模型较为简略地解释了人类的行为。 Science, on Weber's account, is an essentially value-free activity. 按照韦伯的说法,科学在本质上是一种价值无涉的活动。 6.VERB 动词把…视作;认为 If you say that something is accounted a particular thing, you are reporting someone's judgment or opinion that it is that thing. 【语法信息】:be V-ed n 【语法信息】:be V-ed adj 【搭配模式】:usu passive 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 The opening day of the battle was, nevertheless, accounted a success. 不过,开战的首日仍被认为是成功的。 ...homosexuals, whose sexual behaviour is still accounted sinful by the church. 其性行为仍然被教会认为是罪孽深重的同性恋者 7.See also:accounting;bank account;current account;deposit account;joint; Usage Note : Do not confuse account and bill. When you have an account with a bank, you leave your money in the bank and take it out when you need it. When you have to pay for things such as electricity or a meal in a restaurant, you get a bill. 不要混淆 account 和 bill。account 指可存钱、取钱的银行账户。bill 指账单,如电费或餐费账单。 8.PHRASE 短语根据各种说法 If you say that something is true by all accounts or from all accounts, you believe it is true because other people say so. 【搭配模式】:PHR with cl He is, by all accounts, a superb teacher. 他是位有口皆碑的好老师。 9.PHRASE 短语(尽管未必大获全胜但)出色地表现(自己) If you say that someone gave a good account of themselves in a particular situation, you mean that they performed well, although they may not have been completely successful. 【搭配模式】:V inflects The team fought hard and gave a good account of themselves. 这支队伍奋力拼搏,表现出色。 10.PHRASE 短语毫不重要;无足轻重 If you say that something is of no account or of little account, you mean that it is very unimportant and is not worth considering. 【搭配模式】:v-link PHR 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 These obscure groups were of little account in national politics. 这些名不见经传的团体在国内政界无足轻重。 11.PHRASE 短语以赊账方式;以分期付款方式 If you buy or pay for something on account, you pay nothing or only part of the cost at first, and pay the rest later. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v He bought two bottles of vodka on account. 他挂账买了两瓶伏特加酒。 12.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词因为;由于 You use on account of to introduce the reason or explanation for something. The President declined to deliver the speech himself, on account of a sore throat... 总统因嗓子不适而婉拒了亲自讲话。 A newly-married couple, he thought, on account of their walking so close together. 看俩人走路时挨得这么近,他觉得他们是新婚夫妇。 13.PHRASE 短语从(某人的)角度;(尤指)设想处于(某人的)情况 Your feelings on someone's account are the feelings you have about what they have experienced or might experience, especially when you imagine yourself to be in their situation. 【搭配模式】:usu adj/n PHR Mollie told me what she'd done and I was really scared on her account. 莫莉告诉我她的所作所为,我真是替她感到后怕。 14.PHRASE 短语因为(某人的)缘故 If you tell someone not to do something on your account, you mean that they should do it only if they want to, and not because they think it will please you. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v 【STYLE标签】:SPOKEN 口语 Don't leave on my account. 别因为我就走了。 15.PHRASE 短语绝不;切勿 If you say that something should on no account be done, you are emphasizing that it should not be done under any circumstances. 【语用信息】:emphasis On no account should the mixture boil. 切勿让这种混合物沸腾。 16.PHRASE 短语为了那个/这个缘故 You can use on that account or on this account when you want to say that something happens for the reason you have just mentioned. 【搭配模式】:usu PHR after v Wine is radioactive but few people stop drinking it on that account. 酒是有放射性的,可是很少有人因此而戒酒。 17.PHRASE 短语根据(某人)自己的说法 If you say that something concerning a particular person is true by his or her own account, you mean that you believe it because that person has said it is true. He was by his own account an ambitious workaholic. 据他自己所言,他是个雄心勃勃的工作狂。 18.PHRASE 短语作为个人地;为自身利益地 If you take part in a business activity on your own account, you do it for yourself, and not as a representative or employee of a company. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v She had plans to set up in business on her own account. 她计划自己创业。 19.PHRASE 短语自主自愿地;责任自负地 If you do something on your own account, you do it because you want to and without being asked, and you take responsibility for your own action. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v I told him if he withdrew it was on his own account. 我告诉他,如果他退出,责任自负。 20.PHR-RECIP 相互短语(与敌人或对手)决战,算账,了结恩怨 To settle accounts with an enemy or opponent means to bring your fight or quarrel to an end by defeating them. 【搭配模式】:V inflects 【STYLE标签】:WRITTEN 笔语 ...until the great day came when the Germans could finally settle accounts with the British... 直到德国人最终能和英国人清算旧账的重大日子的来临 Their sleep is regularly disturbed by the sound of gunfire as criminal gangs settle their nightly accounts. 他们经常被黑帮每晚火拼的枪声所吵醒。 21.PHRASE 短语考虑到;把…计算在内 If you take something into account, or take account of something, you consider it when you are thinking about a situation or deciding what to do. 【搭配模式】:V inflects The defendant asked for 21 similar offences to be taken into account... 被告要求考虑到类似的21起违法行为的情况。 Urban planners in practice have to take account of many interest groups in society. 城市规划人员在实际工作中必须把社会各利益集团都考虑在内。 22.PHRASE 短语(对所做的错事)被要求解释并遭斥责,被问责 If someone is called, held, or brought to account for something they have done wrong, they are made to explain why they did it, and are often criticized or punished for it. 【搭配模式】:V inflects Ministers should be called to account for their actions. 部长们应该对他们的行为作出解释。 相关词组: account for [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 account /əˈkaʊnt/ noun plural accounts 1 a [count] : a record of money that has been paid and money that has been received : bill账;账单 the difference between the debit and credit sides of an account 账户借方与贷方之间的差额 — see also expense account b accounts [plural] : records of income and expenses账目 We always keep very good accounts. 我们总是把账记得很清楚。 an accounts department 财务部 The company's accounts show a profit this year: our accounts receivable exceed our accounts payable. [=the money owed to us exceeds the money we owe] 公司账目显示我们今年有盈利,应收账款超出了应付账款。 2 [count] : an arrangement in which a bank keeps a record of the money that a person puts in and takes out of the bank账户;户头 We opened new accounts at a bank last week. 我们上周在银行开了新的账户。 I took out my money and closed my account. 我取出了钱,结清了账户。 You can withdraw up to $1,000 a day from your account. 你一天最多可从账户上提取1000美元。 Every week, she puts/deposits a part of her paycheck into a separate account. 她每周把部分薪水存入一个单独账户。 setting up a bank account 开立个银行账户 My wife and I keep our money in a joint account. [=an account that both of us can use] 妻子和我把钱存入一个共同账户。 — often used before another noun常用于另一名词前 Please enter your name and account number. 请输入你的姓名和账号。 You can check your account balance [=the amount of money in your account] on the Internet. 你可以在互联网上查看你的账户余额。 — see also checking account, savings account 3 [count] : a company's record of the products or services used by a customer and of the money that the customer owes or has paid to the company(公司的)账目记录;(客户的)赊账 I don't have the money right now. Put it on my account. = Charge it to my account. 我没有现钱,把它记在我的账上吧。 If you return the clothes, the store will credit your account. [=you will not have to pay for the clothes] 如果你把衣服退了,商店会把钱退到你的账户上。 When do you intend to settle your account? [=pay what you owe] 你打算什么时候结清账款? — see also charge account, credit account ◊ In figurative use, to settle an account or to settle accounts with someone is to do something that brings a final end to an argument, disagreement, etc.(比喻用法)跟某人算账,做了断 She's decided to settle accounts with her old political rivals. 她决定要与老政敌一决雌雄。 4 [count] : a business arrangement in which a person or company regularly buys products or services from a particular company客户 She makes sure that all of the company's accounts [=customers, clients] make the necessary payments. 她要确保公司所有的客户都付应付款项。 We just lost the Smith account. 我们刚失去史密斯公司这个客户。 That company was one of our biggest/best accounts. 那家公司是我们最大/最好的客户之一。 She will be our account manager. [=the person who manages our account] 她将成为我们的客户经理。 5 [count] : an arrangement in which a person uses the Internet or e-mail services of a particular company网络账户;电子邮件账户 I use two separate e-mail accounts. 我使用两个不同的电子邮件账户。 6 [count] : a description of an event or situation : a story or report about something描述;叙述;报道 personal/firsthand/eyewitness accounts from the war 对战况的身临其境的报道/第一手报道/见证报道 According to one account, the party was a complete disaster. 有一种说法是,那次聚会完全搞砸了。 — often + of She gave the police a full/complete/detailed account of what happened. 她向警方讲述了事情的整个/全部/详细经过。 We read an account of her trip to Paris. 我们读了一篇关于她巴黎之行的报道。 a written account of his long and successful career 关于他漫长而成功的职业生涯的书面报道。 7 [count] : a list or description of facts描述;介绍 Our goal is to give an accurate account of the process. 我们的目标就是对这一过程进行准确的描述。 an account of how the system works 关于这一系统运作方法的介绍 The document is an account of the country's reasons for going to war. 这份文件介绍了这个国家参战的种种原因。 8 [count] : a reason or explanation for an action理由;解释;根据 You will be asked to give an account of your actions. [=to explain the reasons for your actions] 你得对你的行为做出解释。 He could give no account of what he did with the money. 他无法说明把这笔钱弄到哪里去了。 — often used in the formal phrase on that account常用于正式短语on that account I hope we won't lose our friendship on that account. [=for that reason] 我希望我们的友谊不会因此而受到影响。 9 [noncount] formal : value or importance价值;重要性 — used in the phrases of no account and of little account用于短语of no account和of little account He felt that his opinions were of no account to the others. [=he thought that the other people didn't care about his opinions] 他觉得其他人并不在乎他的意见。 It's of little account what I may think about it. 我对这件事的看法并不重要。 — see also no-account bring/call (someone) to account : to require (someone) to explain and accept punishment or criticism for bad or wrong behavior质询;质问;责问 He was called to account by his boss for failing to spot the mistake in the company's records. 他没能发现公司记录中的错误,因而遭到老板的质问。 by/from all accounts : according to all of the different descriptions of something根据各种说法 By all accounts, the band put on a great show. [=everyone says that the band put on a great show] 据各方面反映,乐队演出非常成功。 She was, by all accounts, good at her job. 大家都说她的工作做得很好。 They seemed, from all accounts, to have a happy marriage. 大家都认为他们的婚姻很美满。 by your own account : according to what you have said about your own life or experiences根据某人自己的说法 By her own account, that was the worst performance of her career. [=she said that was her worst performance] 据她自己说,那是她职业生涯中表现最差的一次。 They had, by their own account, a wonderful time. 听他们说,他们过得很愉快。 give a good account of yourself : to perform well especially in a competition(尤指在比赛中)表现出色 If I ever had to fight, I think I could give a good account of myself. 假如一定要我上场,我觉得自己会发挥得很好。 on account of : because of : for the reason of因为;由于;出于的缘故 The game was canceled on account of the rain. 因为下雨比赛取消了。 They were treated badly on account of their beliefs. 他们因为自己的信仰而受到了不公正的待遇。 On account of his bad behavior, he will not be allowed to play with the new toy. 因为他表现不好,所以不让他玩新玩具。 on no account chiefly British or not on any account : for no reason : under no circumstances — used to say that something will not or should not happen(用于说明某事不会或不该发生)决不,绝不可以 On no account should the children be left at home alone. 决不能将孩子单独留在家中。 They said that on no account would they leave before the end of the game. 他们说在比赛结束前决不会离开。 on someone's account : because of someone : in order to please someone为了某人的缘故 Don't leave on our account. [=because of us] 不要因为我们而离开。 You didn't have to clean your room on my account. I don't care if your room is dirty. 你不必因为我而打扫自己的房间,你的房间脏不脏我可不在乎。 on your own account 1 : by yourself : on your own : without the help of others独自;独立地 She bought the house entirely on her own account. 她全凭着自己的能力买下了这幢房子。 He left the company and went into business on his own account. 他离开公司,独立经商。 2 : for your own sake : in order to make a situation good for yourself为了自身利益 I'm doing it on my own account, not for anyone else. 我做这件事是为了我自己,不是为别人。 take (something) into account or take account of (something) : to think about (something) before doing something (such as making a decision) : consider考虑到;顾及 Try to take our feelings into account. [=try to think about how we will feel] 尽量也考虑下我们的感受。 Other issues must be taken into account before a choice can be made. 在做出选择之前必须考虑到其他问题。 She did very well on the test when you take into account how little she studied. 考虑到她没学多少内容,她已经考得很好了。 She takes no account of my feelings. [=she doesn't consider how I feel] 她没有顾及我的感受。 The new health plan fails to take account of the fact that many people cannot pay for their medicine. 新的健康计划没有考虑到许多人付不起药费这个事实。 turn (something) to (good) account formal : to gain or profit from (something) : to take advantage of (something)从…获利;利用 Is there a way to turn this situation to good account? 有没有办法来充分利用这一形势? 2 account /əˈkaʊnt/ verb accounts; accounted; accounting [+ object] formal : to think of (someone or something) in a specified way看作;认为;视为 — usually used as (be) accounted通常用作(be) accounted Their first project was accounted [=considered] a success. 他们的第一个项目被认为取得了成功。 account for [phrasal verb] 1 account for (something) a : to give a reason or explanation for (something)解释;说明 Eventually, you will need to account for your actions/behavior. 你终究得对自己的行为做出解释。 How do you account for [=explain] your success? 你认为自己是怎样取得成功的? ◊ The informal saying there's no accounting for taste means that there is no way to understand why some people like something while other people do not.人各有所好;萝卜青菜各有所爱。 I don't see why they liked the movie, but there's no accounting for taste. 我不明白他们为什么喜欢这部电影,不过人各有所好嘛。 b : to be the cause of (something)引起;导致 The disease accounted for over 10,000 deaths last year. 去年,这种病导致1万多人死亡。 These new features account for the computer's higher price. 这些新功能使得这款电脑价格较高。 The disease cannot be accounted for [=explained] by genetics alone. There must be other causes as well. 仅从遗传学的角度难以解释这种疾病,一定还有其他病因。 c : to make up or form (a part of something)组成 Women account for [=constitute, compose] only 25 percent of our employees. 女员工仅占我们员工总数的25%。 d US : to think about (something) before doing something : to take (something) into consideration将…纳入考虑范围 The researchers failed to account for the fact that most of the students were poor. 研究者没有考虑这样一个事实:这些学生大部分都很穷。 2 account for (someone or something) a : to show what happened to (someone or something)对…做出说明;对做出解释 We have to account for the time [=to say how much time] we spend on each activity. 我们得对花在每一项活动上的时间加以说明。 I'll have to account for the money I spent. 我得说明那些钱我是怎么花的。 : to know the location of (someone or something)知道下落;明白去处 The government couldn't account for millions of dollars of the taxpayers' money. 政府无法说明将纳税人数百万的资金用在何处。 Is everyone accounted for? [=do we know where everyone is?] 所有人的下落都知道了吗? All present and accounted for. [=everyone who is supposed to be here is here] 该到的人都到齐了。 b : to destroy or kill (someone or something)摧毁;消灭 Enemy fighters have accounted for most of our bombers, Sir. 长官,敌机摧毁了我们的大部分轰炸机。 also chiefly British : to defeat or beat (someone or something)击败;战胜 We accounted for [=dispatched] the challengers 3-2. 我们以3:2击败了挑战者。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accurate

    ['ækjərət]     美 ['ækjərət] adj. 准确的;精确的 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accurate 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U1 /ˈækjərət/ a. 正确的,精确的 高考真题原句选: But getting accurate information isn’t easy. We can identify trends for the future, but accurate predictions are almost impossible. As you work on expressing your ideas in clear, accurate language, you will improve your ability to think clearly and accurately. 二、习惯用语 accurate measurement 精确测量 accurate positioning 精确定位 accurate model 准确模型 accurate simulation 准确模拟 accurate at 对…很正确 accurate calibration 精确校准 accurate record 精确记录 accurate adjustment 精调;精密调整 accurate grinding 精磨;精密磨削 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·cur·ate / 5AkjErEt / adjective 1. correct and true in every detail 正确无误的: an accurate description / account / calculation 准确的描述/敍述/计算 accurate information / data 正确无误的情报/资料 Accurate records must be kept. 必须保存准确的记录。 ⇨ note at true 2. able to give completely correct information or to do sth in an exact way 精确的;准确的: a highly accurate electronic compass 高度精确的电子罗盘仪 accurate to within 3mm 精确得误差不超过 3 毫米 My watch is not very accurate. 我的表走得不很准。 3. an accurate throw, shot, weapon, etc. hits or reaches the thing that it was aimed at 准确的(掷、射、击等) OPP inaccurate • ac·cur·ate·ly adv.: The article accurately reflects public opinion. 文章如实反映了公众的意见。 You need to hit the ball accurately. 你必须准确击球。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accurate /ˈækjərət/ ●●● S2 W3 AWL adjective 1  INFORMATION 资料 correct and true in every detail 正确的,准确的 OPP inaccurate The brochure tries to give a fair and accurate description of each hotel. 该手册尽量公正、准确地介绍每一家酒店。 fairly/reasonably accurate Police believe Derek gave a reasonably accurate account of what happened. 警方相信德里克对事情的叙述是比较准确的。 not strictly/entirely/completely accurate The evidence she gave to the court was not strictly accurate (=not exactly accurate). 她向法庭提供的证词并不完全准确。 ► see thesaurus at right, true 2  MEASUREMENT 测量 measured or calculated correctly 〔测量或计算〕精确的 OPP inaccurate It is difficult to get accurate figures on population numbers. 很难取得精确的人口统计数字。 3  MACHINE 机器 a machine that is accurate is able to do something in an exact way without making a mistake 精确的,精密的 The cutter is accurate to within ½ a millimetre. 这个切割器精确到 1 / 2 毫米以内。 4  WELL-AIMED 瞄准 an accurate shot, throw etc succeeds in hitting or reaching the thing that it is intended to hit 〔射击、投掷等〕准确的 an accurate shot 准确命中 accurate bowling 准确的投球 —accurately adverb It’s impossible to predict the weather accurately. 天气预报不可能很准确。 Origin accurate (1500-1600) Latin past participle of accurare “to take care of”, from ad- “to” + cura “care” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accurate ★★★☆☆ 1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(信息、测量、数据或仪器等)精确的,准确的 Accurate information, measurements, and statistics are correct to a very detailed level. An accurate instrument is able to give you information of this kind. Police have stressed that this is the most accurate description of the killer to date... 警方强调这是迄今对凶手最精确的描述。 This may provide a quick and accurate way of monitoring the amount of carbon dioxide in the air... 这也许能提供一个监测空气中二氧化碳含量的既快又准的方法。 Quartz timepieces are very accurate, to a minute or two per year. 石英钟表走时非常准,年误差仅为一两分钟。 accurately The test can accurately predict what a bigger explosion would do. 该试验能准确地预测一次更大爆炸的威力。 2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(说法、描述)确切的,恰当的 An accurate statement or account gives a true or fair judgment of something. I think it may take sometime before we can have an accurate assessment of the damage... 我认为我们对损失作出准确的估算可能需要一段时间。 They were accurate in their prediction that he would change her life drastically. 他们预测得没错,他使她的生活发生了翻天覆地的变化。 accurately What many people mean by the word 'power' could be more accurately described as 'control'. 多数人所谓的“权力”,其实更确切地说是“控制”。 3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(行动、模仿)正确的,到位的 You can use accurate to describe the results of someone's actions when they do or copy something correctly or exactly. Marks were given for accurate spelling and punctuation. 因拼写及标点正确而得分。 ...his maliciously accurate imitation of Hubert de Burgh. 他对休伯特·德伯格到位的恶搞模仿 4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(武器、投掷)精准的;(人)射击(或投掷)准的 An accurate weapon or throw reaches the exact point or target that it was intended to reach. You can also describe a person as accurate if they fire a weapon or throw something in this way. The rifle was extremely accurate... 这把步枪准头极高。 The pilots, however, were not as accurate as they should be. 然而飞行员并不像他们该达到的水平那样精准。 accurately ...the technology to aim bombs accurately from aircraft. 高空精确投弹的技术 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accurate /ˈækjərət/ adjective [more accurate; most accurate] 1 : free from mistakes or errors正确的;准确的;精确的 The model is accurate down to the tiniest details. 这个模型连最细微的地方都准确无误。 an accurate account/record/report/description 准确的叙述/记录/报道/描述 Her novel is historically accurate. 她的小说符合史实。 He needed a more accurate [=precise] term to describe the procedure. 他需要一个更确切的术语来描述这一过程。 an accurate throw/shot [=a throw/shot that does not miss its target] 准确的投球/射门 — opposite inaccurate 2 : able to produce results that are correct : not making mistakes正确无误的 an accurate reporter 如实报道的记者 an accurate measuring device 精确的测量仪器 The machines were not yet accurate enough to give useful results. 这些机器还不够精确,提供不了有用的结果。 — opposite inaccurate — accurately adverb It is very difficult to accurately predict the weather. 对天气状况进行准确的预测是件非常困难的事。 The book's title does not accurately reflect its subject. 这本书的书名没有准确地反映出它的主题。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • accuse

    [ə'kjuːz]     美 [ə'kjuːz] v. 谴责;控告;指责 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 accuse 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U1 /əˈkjuːz/ v. 控告 高考真题原句选: Both sides have accused of breaking the contract the other. Often they are moved on by the police, being accused, whether rightly or wrongly, of forceful begging. 二、习惯用语 accuse of 谴责,控告 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·cuse / E5kju:z / verb [VN] ~ sb (of sth) to say that sb has done sth wrong or is guilty of sth 控告;控诉;谴责: to accuse sb of murder / theft 控告某人谋杀/盗窃 She accused him of lying. 她指责他说谎。 The government was accused of incompetence. 政府被指责无能。 (formal) They stand accused of crimes against humanity. 他们被控违反人道罪。 • ac·cuser noun WORD FAMILY accuse v. accusation n. accusing adj. accusatory adj. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accuse /əˈkjuːz/ ●●○ W3 verb [transitive] to say that you believe someone is guilty of a crime or of doing something bad 控告;指责 accuse somebody of (doing) something He was accused of murder. 他被控谋杀。 Smith accused her of lying. 史密斯指责她说谎。 The professor stands accused of (=has been accused of) stealing his student’s ideas and publishing them. 那位教授被指控剽窃学生的观点拿去发表。 —accuser noun [countable] Origin accuse (1400-1500) Old French acuser, from Latin accusare “to call someone to explain their actions”, from ad- “to” + causa “lawsuit, cause” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accuse ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词指责;责难 If you accuse someone of doing something wrong or dishonest, you say or tell them that you believe that they did it. 【语法信息】:V n of n/-ing 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:Also V n He was accusing my mum of having an affair with another man... 他指责我妈妈与另一个男人有染。 Talk things through in stages. Do not accuse or apportion blame. 把事情按部就班地讲清楚。不要责难或归罪于人。 2.VERB 动词指控;控告 If you are accused of a crime, a witness or someone in authority states or claims that you did it, and you may be formally charged with it and put on trial. 【语法信息】:be V-ed of n 【语法信息】:V n of n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【语法信息】:Also V n Her assistant was accused of theft and fraud by the police... 她的助手被警方指控犯有盗窃和欺诈罪。 All seven charges accused him of lying in his testimony... 七项罪名都指控他作伪证。 The accused men have been given relatively light sentences. 被控告的这些男子受到相对较轻的判决。 3.See also:accused;accusing; 4.PHRASE 短语遭指责;受指控 If someone stands accused of something, they have been accused of it. 【搭配模式】:V inflects The candidate stands accused of breaking promises even before he's in office... 该候选人还未上任就遭指责违背诺言。 Today, Rostov stands accused of extortion and racketeering. 今天罗斯托夫被控勒索和诈骗。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] accuse /əˈkjuːz/ verb accuses; accused; accusing [+ object] : to blame (someone) for something wrong or illegal : to say that someone is guilty of a fault or crime指责;指控;控告 He was unjustly accused. 他受到了不公正的指责。 — often + of He was accused of stealing the money. 他被指控偷了这笔钱。 His children have accused him of neglect. 他的孩子们指责他没有尽责。 You can't accuse him of being rude: he's always extremely polite. 你不能指责他无礼:他总是非常有礼貌。 She has been accused of murder. = She stands accused of murder. 她被指控犯有谋杀罪。 — sometimes used humorously有时作诙谐用法 No one could ever accuse him of being overly modest. [=he is not modest] 谁也不能怪他太过谦虚。 — accuser noun, plural accusers [count] She deserves the chance to meet/confront her accuser. 她理应得到与指控她的人对质的机会。 — accusing adjective [more accusing; most accusing] She gave him a very accusing look. 她以责备的眼神看了他一眼。 The governor pointed an accusing finger at the legislature [=said the legislature was to blame] for failing to approve her budget. 州长指责州立法机关没有批准她的预算。 — accusingly /əˈkʰjuːzɪŋli/ adverb She looked at him accusingly. 她以责备的眼神看着他。 “What did you do?” he asked accusingly. “你是怎么搞的?”他以斥责的口气问道。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • ache

    [eɪk]     美 [eɪk] n. 痛;隐痛 vi. 渴望;痛 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 ache 高中必修500 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版必修B2U2 /eɪk/ n.&v. aches 0 aching 1 ached 0 痛,疼痛 高考真题原句提选: My hands started to ache as I turned the heavy metal wheels. You can sit down to rest your aching legs. 二、习惯用语 aches and pains 痛苦;不适;各种各样的病痛 stomach ache 胃疼 ache for 想念,渴望 tooth ache 牙痛 ache all over 全身疼痛 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ache ache / eik / verb 1. [V] to feel a continuous dull pain 疼痛;隐痛 SYN hurt : I'm aching all over. 我周身疼痛。 Her eyes ached from lack of sleep. 她的眼睛因睡眠不足而隐隐作痛。 (figurative) It makes my heart ache (= it makes me sad) to see her suffer. 看到她在受苦,我心里真难过。 ⇨ note at hurt 2. ~ for sb / sth (formal) to have a strong desire for sb / sth or to do sth 渴望 SYN long : ▪ [V] I was aching for home. 我很想回家。 ▪ [V to inf] He ached to see her. 他渴望见到她。 noun (often in compounds 常构成复合词) a continuous feeling of pain in a part of the body (身体某部位的)疼痛: Mummy, I've got a tummy ache. 妈妈,我肚子疼。 Muscular aches and pains can be soothed by a relaxing massage. 做放松按摩可以减轻肌肉疼痛。 (figurative) an ache in my heart (= a continuous sad feeling) 我心中的隐痛 ⇨ see also achy , bellyache , heartache [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ache1 /eɪk/ ●○○ verb [intransitive] 1  if part of your body aches, you feel a continuous, but not very sharp pain there 〔持续而隐隐地〕作痛 SYN hurt His feet were aching from standing so long. 他站了那么久,双脚隐隐作痛。 ► see thesaurus at hurt Register 2  to want to do or have something very much 渴望 ache for I’m aching for sleep. 我很想睡觉。 ache to do something He ached to reach out and hold her close. 他很想伸出双手紧紧抱住她。 3  to have a strong unhappy feeling 感到痛苦 ache with Sarah ached with sadness that her brother was so ill. 弟弟病得很重,莎拉忧心忡忡。 Tim’s heart was aching for her. 蒂姆为她心痛难过。 Related topics: Illness & disability ache2 ●○○ noun [countable] 1  a continuous pain that is not sharp or very strong 〔持续的〕隐痛 a stomach ache 胃痛 A dull ache throbbed at the back of David’s head. 戴维的后脑隐隐抽痛。 aches and pains (=slight feelings of pain that are not considered to be serious) 轻微疼痛 Apart from the usual aches and pains, she felt all right. 除了几处经常性的疼痛以外,她感到身体尚可。 ► see thesaurus at pain 2  a strong, mostly unhappy, feeling 〔心中的〕苦痛,痛苦 the ache of his loneliness 他的孤寂之苦 —achy adjective I’m feeling tired and achy. 我觉得又累又痛。 Origin ache1 Old English acan [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ache ★★☆☆☆ 1.VERB 动词(持续并较强烈地)疼痛 If you ache or a part of your body aches, you feel a steady, fairly strong pain. 【语法信息】:V adv/prep 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:V-ing Her head was throbbing and she ached all over... 她的脑袋嗡嗡作响并且浑身疼痛。 My leg still aches when I sit down... 坐下时我的腿还会痛。 The weary walkers soothed their aching feet in the sea. 走累了的人们把脚伸进海水中浸泡以缓解疼痛。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词See also:backache;headache;heartache;stomach ache;(身体某部位持续且较强烈的)疼痛 An ache is a steady, fairly strong pain in a part of your body. 【搭配模式】:usu with supp You feel nausea and aches in your muscles... 症状为恶心和肌肉疼痛。 Poor posture can cause neck ache, headaches and breathing problems. 姿势不当会导致颈部疼痛、头痛和呼吸困难。 3.VERB 动词渴望(且因得不到而痛苦) If you ache for something or your heart aches, you want something very much, and feel very unhappy because you cannot have it. 【语法信息】:V for n 【语法信息】:V to-inf 【语法信息】:V 【搭配模式】:N for n 【STYLE标签】:WRITTEN 笔语 She still ached for the lost intimacy and sexual contact of marriage... 她仍旧渴望拥有婚姻中逝去的那份缱绻和肌肤之亲。 But Spain was a country aching to get away from its past... 但西班牙是一个渴望摆脱以往形象的国家。 It was quite an achievement to keep smiling when his heart must have been aching. 虽然经受着内心的煎熬,但他仍强作欢颜,这实属不易。 Ache is also a noun. You also feel an overwhelming ache for support from others which you cannot put into words. 你还会感受到一种无以言表的想要获得他人支持的渴望。 4.PHRASE 短语(泛指较轻微的)身体疼痛 You can use aches and pains to refer in a general way to any minor pains that you feel in your body. It seems to ease all the aches and pains of a hectic and tiring day. 繁忙劳碌了一天所带来的周身酸痛似乎被一扫而空。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 ache /ˈeɪk/ verb aches; ached; aching [no object] 1 : to produce a dull continuous pain : to hurt in a way that is constant but not severe(持续地)隐痛,疼痛 Her muscles were aching from shoveling snow. 铲雪使得她肌肉酸痛。 After running the marathon, his body ached for a week. 跑完马拉松之后,他浑身疼了一个星期。 The candy's so sweet that it makes my teeth ache. 这块糖甜得我牙疼。 — often used figuratively常用作比喻 His heart ached [=he felt sad and sorry] for the children begging on the streets. 那些沿街乞讨的孩子们让他感到很难过。 2 : to want or desire something or someone very much渴望;盼望 — often + for After years of war, most people are aching [=longing, yearning] for peace. 经历了连年的战争,人们大都渴望和平。 Her heart ached for him. 她在心里很想念他。 — often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式 I've been aching to see you. 我一直渴望见到你。 2 ache /ˈeɪk/ noun plural aches [count] : a pain that is not sharp but continues for a long time(持续的)隐痛,疼痛 He had a dull ache in his back from lifting boxes all day. 因为整天搬箱子,他的背隐隐作痛。 muscle aches 肌肉痛 — often used in combination with parts of the body常与表示身体部位的词组合构成合成词使用 a headache 头痛 a stomachache 胃痛 toothaches 牙痛 — often used figuratively常用作比喻 She looked through the old pictures with a dull ache in her heart. 她一张张看这些老照片,心里感到隐隐作痛。 ◊ Aches and pains are many small pains that happen at the same time and make people feel uncomfortable.周身不适;浑身酸痛 Symptoms of the flu include fever, general aches and pains, and sore throat. 这种流感的症状包括发烧、全身酸痛以及咽喉痛。 the many aches and pains of old age 老年性的浑身疼痛 — achy /ˈeɪki/ adjective achier; achiest My feet are tired and achy from walking all day. 走了一整天,我的脚又累又痛。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • achieve

    [ə'tʃiːv]     美 [ə'tʃiːv]     v. 完成;达到;实现 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 achieve 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:9 /əˈtʃiːv/ v. 完成,达到,赢得,取得;实现,成就 高考真题原句选: Great improvement has been achieved. If I believe in what I’m doing and work hard at achieving my goal, I will succeed. 二、习惯用语 achieve success 取得成功;获得成功 achieve one's goals 实现目标 三、词义辨析 v. (动词) achieve, acquire, attain, earn, gain, get, obtain, secure, win 这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是: 1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。 2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。 3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。 4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。 5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如: He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。 The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。 She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。 I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。 We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。 Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。 6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如: He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。 You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。 Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。 Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。 At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。 They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。 7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。 8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。 attain,reach,achieve,arrive 这些动词均有“达到”之意。 attain侧重指在抱负或雄心的激励下,以最大的努力去达到一般所不及或不敢追求的目的。 reach常用词,指到达某一空间、时间、目标或发展过程中的某一点。 achieve侧重为达到目的所需的技巧、忍耐和努力。 arrive指得出结论,达成某项协议或作出某一决定等。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achieve / E5tFi:v / verb 1. [VN] to succeed in reaching a particular goal, status or standard, especially by making an effort for a long time (凭长期努力)达到(某目标、地位、标准) SYN attain : He had finally achieved success. 他终于获得了成功。 They could not achieve their target of less than 3% inflation. 他们未能达到通货膨胀低于 3% 的目标。 2. [VN] to succeed in doing sth or causing sth to happen 完成 SYN accomplish : I haven't achieved very much today. 我今天没做成多少事。 All you've achieved is to upset my parents. 你唯一做到的就是使我的父母难过。 3. [V] to be successful 成功: Their background gives them little chance of achieving at school. 他们的家庭背景使他们很难有机会在学校学有所成。 • achiev·able adj.: Profits of $20m look achievable. 2 000 万元的利润看来是可以完成的。 achievable goals 可以达到的目标 OPP unachievable [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achieve /əˈtʃiːv/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL verb 1  [transitive] to successfully complete something or get a good result, especially by working hard 实现;〔尤指经过努力〕取得,达到 She eventually achieved her goal of becoming a professor. 她终于实现目标,当上了教授。 Wilson has achieved considerable success as an artist. 威尔逊作为一名艺术家成就斐然。 Frances achieved very good exam results. 弗朗西丝考试取得了优异成绩。 ► see thesaurus at succeed  Register 2  [intransitive] to be successful in a particular kind of job or activity 获得成功 We want all our students to achieve within their chosen profession. 我们希望所有的学生在自己选择的专业领域内都能有所成就。 —achievable adjective Origin achieve (1300-1400) Old French achever, from chief “end, head” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achieve ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词(经努力)完成,达到,获得 If you achieve a particular aim or effect, you succeed in doing it or causing it to happen, usually after a lot of effort. 【语法信息】:V n There are many who will work hard to achieve these goals... 有志之士将会共同为实现这些目标而努力。 We have achieved what we set out to do. 我们已经达成了原初的目标。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achieve /əˈtʃiːv/ verb achieves; achieved; achieving 1 [+ object] : to get or reach (something) by working hard(努力)达到,获得,实现 This year, our company was able to achieve [=accomplish, attain] all of its production goals. 今年,我们公司实现了所有的生产目标。 He worked hard and achieved success. [=became successful] 他努力工作,取得了成功。 a diet that achieves dramatic results 效果显著的饮食 With much practice, she has achieved a high level of skill. 通过大量练习,她的技术达到了高水平。 They achieved high scores on their math tests. 他们在数学考试中取得了高分。 2 [no object] : to become successful : to reach a goal成功;达到目标 We give students the skills they need in order to achieve in college. 我们教给学生必要技巧,使他们在大学里取得好成绩。 — achievable /əˈtʃiːvəbəl/ adjective [more achievable; most achievable] achievable goals 可实现的目标 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • achievement

    [ə'tʃiːvmənt]     美 [ə'tʃiːvmənt]     n. 成就;成绩;完成;达到 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 achievement 高中必修500 全国卷频次:3 教材出处:译林版必修B1U4 /əˈtʃiːvmənt/ n. achievements 4 成就 高考真题原句选: Then, handle the most important tasks first so you’ll feel a real sense of achievement. First, you need to evaluate yourself, your values, your strengths, your weaknesses, your achievements, your desires, etc. 二、习惯用语 outstanding achievement 业绩;杰出成就 academic achievement 学业成就;学业成绩 achievement motivation 成就动机 lifetime achievement 终身成就 school achievement 学业成绩 achievement test n. 成绩测验 need for achievement 成就感需要 三、构词法 achieve v. -> achievement n. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achieve·ment / E5tFi:vmEnt / noun 1. [C] a thing that sb has done successfully, especially using their own effort and skill 成就;成绩;功绩: the greatest scientific achievement of the decade 这十年最伟大的科学成就 It was a remarkable achievement for such a young player. 如此年轻的选手有这样的成绩真是了不起。 They were proud of their children's achievements. 他们对孩子们的成绩感到自豪。 2. [U] the act or process of achieving sth 达到;完成: the need to raise standards of achievement in education 在教育中提高成绩标准的必要性 Even a small success gives you a sense of achievement (= a feeling of pride). 即便是小小的成功也给人一种成就感。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achievement /əˈtʃiːvmənt/ ●●● S3 W2 AWL noun 1  [countable] something important that you succeed in doing by your own efforts 成绩;成就 achievement of We try to celebrate the achievements of our students. 我们想要庆祝学生取得的成就。 His great achievement is to make all the players into a united team. 他的伟大成就在于把所有选手组织成一支团结的队伍。 somebody’s achievement in (doing) something The test measures children’s achievements in reading, spelling, and maths. 这项测验评估儿童在阅读、拼写和数学方面的成绩。 2  [uncountable] when you achieve something or when people achieve something 实现;完成 Roberts is researching the effect of social class on educational achievement. 罗伯茨在研究社会等级对于学业成就的影响。 As we climbed the final few metres, we felt a sense of achievement. 我们攀登最后几米的时候,有一种成就感。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achievement ★★★☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词成就;成绩;功绩 An achievement is something which someone has succeeded in doing, especially after a lot of effort. Reaching this agreement so quickly was a great achievement... 如此快速达成这项协定是一大伟绩。 The Conference will be a celebration of women's achievements. 该会议将成为对女性成就的一曲赞歌。 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词完成;达到;实现 Achievement is the process of achieving something. 【搭配模式】:oft N of n Only the achievement of these goals will bring lasting peace. 只有达成这些目标才会带来持久的和平。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] achievement /əˈtʃiːvmənt/ noun plural achievements 1 [count] : something that has been done or achieved through effort : a result of hard work成就;成绩 The discovery of DNA was a major scientific achievement. *DNA的发现是一项巨大的科学成就。 It was a great/extraordinary/remarkable achievement. 这是一项了不起的成就。 Getting the project done on time was a real achievement. 能按时完成这一项目是一大成就。 2 [noncount] : the act of achieving something达到;完成;实现 a high level of artistic achievement [=accomplishment] 高水平的艺术成就 : the state or condition of having achieved or accomplished something成就;成绩 Tests measure students' academic achievement. [=measure how much the students have learned] 考试衡量学生掌握了多少所学。 The students were awarded (with) certificates of achievement. [=documents saying that they reached an academic goal] 学生们获得了结业证书。 Repairing the car by himself gave him a real sense of achievement. [=a proud feeling of having done something difficult and worthwhile] 自己动手修车给他一种真正的成就感。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • acid

    ['æsɪd]     美 ['æsɪd] n. 酸;酸性物质;<俚>迷幻药 adj. 酸的;酸性的;尖酸的 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 acid 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版必修B2U3 /ˈæsɪd/ a. 酸的;讽刺的,刻薄的 高考真题原句选: When fossil fuels are burned, gases are released into the air and then fall back to earth as acid rain. 二、习惯用语 amino acid n. [化]氨基酸 acetic acid [化]醋酸,乙酸 sulfuric acid 硫酸 fatty acid [化]脂肪酸 lactic acid 乳酸 phosphoric acid [化]磷酸 acrylic acid 丙烯酸 hydrochloric acid 盐酸 citric acid 柠檬酸 nitric acid [化]硝酸 sulphuric acid 硫酸 acid rain 酸雨 hyaluronic acid [生化]透明质酸;玻璃酸 organic acid 有机酸 nucleic acid [生化]核酸 benzoic acid [化]苯甲酸 acid solution [化]酸溶液 lactic acid bacteria 乳酸菌 acid content 酸性含量 oxalic acid [化]草酸 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acid / 5Asid / noun 1. [U, C] (chemistry 化) a chemical, usually a liquid, that contains hydrogen and has a pH of less than seven. The hydrogen can be replaced by a metal to form a salt. Acids are usually sour and can often burn holes in or damage things they touch. 酸 ⇨ compare alkali ⇨ see also acetic acid , amino acid , ascorbic acid , citric acid , hydrochloric acid , lactic acid , nitric acid , nucleic acid , sulphuric acid 2. [U] (slang) = LSD adjective 1. (technical 术语) that contains acid or has the essential characteristics of an acid; that has a pH of less than seven 酸的;酸性的: Rye is tolerant of poor, acid soils. 黑麦耐贫瘠的酸性土壤。 ⇨ compare alkaline 2. that has a bitter sharp taste 酸的;酸味的 SYN sour : acid fruit 酸水果 ⇨ note at bitter 3. (of a person's remarks 言辞) critical and unkind 尖刻的;尖酸的 SYN sarcastic , cutting : an acid wit 尖刻的俏皮话 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acid1 /ˈæsɪd/ ●●○ W3 noun 1  [countable, uncountable] a chemical substance that has a pH of less than 7. Strong acids can burn holes in material or damage your skin 酸〔一种化学物质〕 sulphuric acid 硫酸 2. [uncountable] informal the drug LSD 迷幻药〔麦角酰二乙胺〕 Related topics: Tastes acid2 adjective 1  having a sharp sour taste 酸的,酸味的 SYN bitter a juicy apple with a slightly acid flavour 一个多汁、略带酸味的苹果 2  acid remark/comment/tone etc an acid remark uses humour in an unkind way to criticize someone 尖酸刻薄的话/评论/口吻等 I was expecting another of his acid remarks, but he remained silent. 我等着他再说一句刻薄的话,但他不吭声了。 3  the acid test a way of finding out whether something is as good as people say it is, whether it works, or whether it is true 决定性的考验 People ask if the team is good enough. This match will be the acid test. 人们问这支球队是不是够好,经过这场比赛的考验就可见分晓。 4  technical an acid soil does not contain much lime1(3) 〔土壤〕酸性的 Blueberry bushes need a very acid soil. 蓝莓的生长需要强酸性土壤。 —acidity /əˈsɪdəti/ noun [uncountable] Origin acid2 (1600-1700) French acide, from Latin acidus, from acere “to be sour” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acid ★★★☆☆ 1.N-MASS 物质名词酸 An acid is a chemical substance, usually a liquid, which contains hydrogen and can react with other substances to form salts. Some acids burn or dissolve other substances that they come into contact with. ...citric acid... 柠檬酸 Acids in the stomach destroy the virus. 胃酸能杀死病毒。 2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(物质)含酸的,酸性的 An acid substance contains acid. These shrubs must have an acid, lime-free soil. 这些灌木必须生长在不含石灰的酸性土壤环境。 acidity ...the acidity of rainwater. 雨水的酸性 3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(水果或饮料)酸味的,酸的 An acid fruit or drink has a sour or sharp taste. These wines may taste rather hard and somewhat acid. 这些酒可能喝着比较冲并且有股酸味。 acidity ...a finely balanced wine with ripe acidity and soft fruit flavours. 融合了芳醇的酸味和柔和的水果口味的调味精致的酒 4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词尖刻的;刻薄的 An acid remark, or acid humour, is very unkind or critical. This comedy of contemporary manners is told with compassion and acid humour. 这部当代风尚喜剧杂糅了悲悯的情怀和尖酸的幽默。 acidly 'You don't know how to be a mother and you never did,' she said acidly. “你不知道怎样做一位母亲,而且你从来就没有知道过,”她刻薄地说。 5.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词麦角酰二乙胺 The drug LSD is sometimes referred to as acid . 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 6.See also:amino acid;hydrochloric acid;nitric acid;nucleic acid;sulphuric acid; [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 acid /ˈæsəd/ noun plural acids 1 chemistry : a chemical with a sour taste that forms a salt when mixed with a base酸 [count] the acids in your stomach 胃酸 [noncount] the kinds of acid found in your stomach 在你的胃里发现的几种酸 ◊ An acid has a pH of less than 7. Very strong acids are able to burn holes in things.酸的pH值小于7。强酸会在物体上烧出洞— compare 1base 6, ph 2 [noncount] slang : lsd His friend dropped acid [=took LSD] at the concert. 他的朋友在那场演唱会上服迷幻药。 2 acid /ˈæsəd/ adjective [more acid; most acid] 1 always used before a noun : of, relating to, or having the qualities of an acid酸的;酸性的 He washes his windows with an acid solution of vinegar and water. 他用醋和水混合的酸性溶液擦洗窗户。 an acid [=sour] taste 酸味 This kind of plant grows well in acid [=acidic] soil. 这种植物在酸性土壤中长得好。 Their pizza gives me acid indigestion. [=a burning feeling in the stomach] 他们的比萨饼让我胃酸过多,消化不良。 2 : sharp, strong, and critical in tone尖酸的;尖刻的 He made some very acid [=biting, caustic] comments. 他给出了一些非常尖刻的评论。 acid remarks 尖刻的言辞 — acidity /əˈsɪdəti/ noun [noncount] They measured the acidity of the soil. 他们测量了土壤的酸度。 the acidity [=tartness, sourness] of lemon juice 柠檬汁的酸度 — acidly adverb She acidly refers to her former husband as “that little man.” 她刻薄地把前夫称为“那个小矮子。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • acknowledge

    [ək'nɒlɪdʒ]     美 [ək'nɑːlɪdʒ] vt. 承认;告知收到;公认;表示感谢;注意到 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 acknowledge 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版选必修B3U3 /əkˈnɔlɪdʒ/ v. acknowledges 0 acknowledging 1 acknowledged 1 承认;答谢 高考真题原句提选: Her years of hard work have finally been acknowledged after a customer nominated (提名) her to be Cheshire’s Woman Of The Year. If you talk about fashion today, you are talking about China—its influences, its direction, its breathtaking clothes, and how young designers and models are finally acknowledging that in many ways. 二、词义辨析 acknowledge, recognize 这两个词都有“承认”的意思,常可互换使用。其区别是: 1.recognize一般指认可某一现象存在; acknowledge一般指承认某一事件真实。 2.recognize还可指“承认”某一国家具有合法性; acknowledge还可指在一定压力下向大家公开承认某件隐私或不光彩的事实。 3.recognize还有“认出,认识到”的意思; acknowledge还可表示“感谢”。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·know·ledge / Ek5nClidV; NAmE Ek5nB:l- / verb ADMIT 承认 1. to accept that sth is true 承认(属实): ▪ [VN] She refuses to acknowledge the need for reform. 她拒不承认改革的必要性。 a generally acknowledged fact 公认的事实 ▪ [V that] I did not acknowledge that he had done anything wrong. 我没有承认他犯了什么错。 ▪ [VN to inf] It is generally acknowledged to be true. 普遍认为那是真的。 ▪ [also V -ing] ⇨ note at admit ACCEPT STATUS 承认地位 2. ~ sb / sth (as sth) to accept that sb / sth has a particular authority or status 承认(权威、地位) SYN recognize : ▪ [VN] The country acknowledged his claim to the throne. 这个国家承认了他继承王位的权利。 ▪ [VN , VN to inf] He is widely acknowledged as the best player in the world. 普遍认为他是世界最佳球员。 He is widely acknowledged to be the best player in the world. 普遍认为他是世界最佳球员。 REPLY TO LETTER 覆信 3. [VN] to tell sb that you have received sth that they sent to you 告知收悉: All applications will be acknowledged. 所有的申请都将得到覆函告知收悉。 Please acknowledge receipt of this letter. 信收到后请覆函告知。 SMILE / WAVE 微笑;挥手 4. [VN] to show that you have noticed sb / sth by smiling, waving, etc. (微笑、挥手等)致意: I was standing right next to her, but she didn't even acknowledge me. 我就站在她身边,可是她理都不理我。 EXPRESS THANKS 表示感谢 5. [VN] to publicly express thanks for help you have been given (公开)感谢: I gratefully acknowledge financial support from several local businesses. 我对本地几家企业的资助表示感谢。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acknowledge /əkˈnɒlɪdʒ $ -ˈnɑː-/ ●●○ S3 W3 AWL verb [transitive] 1  ADMIT 承认 to admit or accept that something is true or that a situation exists 承认〔某事属实或某情况存在〕 The family acknowledge the need for change. 全家人都承认需要改变一下。 acknowledge that He acknowledges that when he’s tired he gets bad-tempered. 他承认自己累了就会发脾气。 Claire acknowledged that she was guilty. 克莱尔承认有罪。 The government must acknowledge what is happening and do something about it. 对于目前的情况,政府必须承认其存在并对此采取措施。 ‘Maybe you are right, ’ she acknowledged. “也许你是对的。”她承认道。 This is a fact that most smokers readily acknowledge. 这是大多数烟民都愿意承认的事实。 ► see thesaurus at admit 2  RECOGNIZE STH’S IMPORTANCE 承认某事物的重要性 if people acknowledge something, they recognize how good or important it is 承认〔某事物优秀或重要〕 be acknowledged as something The film festival is acknowledged as an event of international importance. 这个电影节被认为是国际盛事。 be widely/generally acknowledged to be something The mill produces what is widely acknowledged to be the finest wool in the world. 那家工厂生产的毛料被公认是全世界最好的。 3  ACCEPT SB’S AUTHORITY 承认某人的权威 to accept that someone or something has authority over people 承认〔权威〕 Both defendants refused to acknowledge the authority of the court. 两名被告都拒绝承认法庭的权威性。 acknowledge somebody as something Many of the poor acknowledged him as their spiritual leader. 许多穷苦人都把他视为他们的精神领袖。 4  THANK 感谢 to publicly announce that you are grateful for the help that someone has given you 〔公开〕感谢 We wish to acknowledge the support of the university. 我们想要感谢大学给予的支持。 5  SHOW YOU NOTICE SB 表明注意到某人 to show someone that you have noticed them or heard what they have said 对…打招呼,理会 Tom acknowledged her presence by a brief glance. 汤姆瞥了她一眼,表示知道她在。 6  SAY YOU HAVE RECEIVED STH 说已收到某物 to let someone know that you have received something from them 告知收到,确认收到 I would be grateful if you would acknowledge receipt of this letter. 收到此信后请告知,不胜感谢。 Origin acknowledge (1400-1500) ac- (as in accord) + knowledge [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acknowledge ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词承认(事实、局面等) If you acknowledge a fact or a situation, you accept or admit that it is true or that it exists. 【语法信息】:V that 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【语法信息】:Also V n to-inf 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 Naylor acknowledged, in a letter to the judge, that he was a drug addict... 内勒在给法官的信中承认自己吸毒。 Belatedly, the government has acknowledged the problem... 政府迟迟才承认了该问题。 There is an acknowledged risk of lung cancer from radon. 氡被认为有诱发肺癌的危险。 2.VERB 动词公认,认可(某人的成就、地位、品质等) If someone's achievements, status, or qualities are acknowledged, they are known about and recognized by a lot of people, or by a particular group of people. 【语法信息】:be V-ed as n 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:Also V n to-inf He is also acknowledged as an excellent goalkeeper... 他也被公认为是一名出色的守门员。 Some of the clergy refused to acknowledge the new king's legitimacy. 一部分神职人员拒绝承认新国王的合法地位。 3.VERB 动词告知(信函等)的收到;确认…收悉 If you acknowledge a message or letter, you write to the person who sent it in order to say that you have received it. 【语法信息】:V n The army sent me a postcard acknowledging my request. 军队寄给我一张明信片告知我的申请书已收到。 4.VERB 动词(以点头、微笑等)向…打招呼,理会 If you acknowledge someone, for example by moving your head or smiling, you show that you have seen and recognized them. 【语法信息】:V n He saw her but refused to even acknowledge her. 他看见了她,却连招呼也不打。 5.VERB 动词(对掌声、赞扬、好意等作出姿态表示)感谢 If you acknowledge someone's applause, compliments, or kindness you make a gesture in order to thank them or show your appreciation. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n with n Doran stuck his head out of the window to acknowledge the cheering... 多兰将头探出窗户向欢呼的人们致谢。 She never even acknowledged the man who opened the door for her... 她对为自己开门的男士甚至连一点表示都没有。 He acknowledged the applause with a small bow. 他微微地鞠了一躬表示对掌声的感谢。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acknowledge /ɪkˈnɑːlɪʤ/ verb acknowledges; acknowledged; acknowledging [+ object] 1 : to say that you accept or do not deny the truth or existence of (something) : admit承认,接受(存在或属实) They acknowledged that the decision was a mistake. 他们承认那个决定是个错误。 Do you acknowledge that you caused this mess? 你承认这场混乱是你造成的吗? I acknowledge (the fact) that I hurt you, and for that I am sorry. 我承认是我伤害了你,我对此感到抱歉。 They readily/openly/grudgingly acknowledged their mistake. 他们欣然/公开/勉强承认了错误。 She won't acknowledge responsibility for her actions. 她不会对自己的行为承担责任。 He refuses to acknowledge the authority of the court. [=he denies that the court has authority] 他拒绝承认法庭的权威。 2 : to regard or describe (someone or something) as having or deserving a particular status公认;认可 They acknowledge him as their leader. = They acknowledge him to be their leader. 他们公认他是他们的领袖。 — usually used as (be) acknowledged通常用作(be) acknowledged She is widely/generally acknowledged as one of the world's best chefs. [=many people regard her as one of the world's best chefs] 她被公认为世界上最优秀的厨师之一。 Her pastries are acknowledged to be the best. 大家公认她做的点心最美味。 This part of the city is acknowledged to have the best restaurants. 大家公认城里这一地区的餐馆最好。 3 : to tell or show someone that something (such as a letter or message) has been received告知收到,确认收到(信件或信息等) He quickly acknowledges all of my e-mails when he receives them. 他收到我的电子邮件后,都会很快确认收悉。 Please acknowledge receipt of this letter. 收到信后请告知。 She acknowledged the gift with a card. 她回了张卡片,表示收到了礼物。 She acknowledged his greeting with a smile. 她微笑着回应他的问候。 4 : to show that someone has been seen and recognized : to look at or talk to (someone)向…打招呼;向…致意 She walked right by me without even acknowledging me. 她就从我旁边走过,连个招呼也不打。 The players acknowledged their fans by waving their hands and blowing kisses into the crowd. 选手们向自己的粉丝们挥手致意,抛去飞吻。 He refuses to acknowledge her existence/presence. 他拒绝同她打招呼。 5 : to express thanks or appreciation for (something or someone)向…致谢 In their paper, they acknowledge the important work done by past scholars. 他们在论文中对前辈所做的重要工作表示感谢。 They acknowledge past scholars for the important work they have done. 他们对前辈所做的重要工作表示感谢。 — acknowledged adjective the acknowledged leader of a political party 公认的政党领袖 an acknowledged master of the art 公认的艺术大师 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • acquire

    [ə'kwaɪə(r)]     美 [ə'kwaɪər] vt. 获得;学到;取得 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 acquire 高中必修500 全国卷频次:2 教材出处:译林版必修B1U1 /əˈkwaɪə(r)/ /əˈkwaɪər/ v. acquires 0 acquiring 0 acquired 0 获得,学到 高考真题原句选: It’s important to continue teaching handwriting and help children acquire the skill of writing by hand. If so, how did human beings acquire this amazing skill? Knowledge or techniques have been acquired through exploration. Although it’s commonly believed that the arts can only be naturally acquired, actually, learning the arts is no more natural than learning French or mathematics. 二、习惯用语 acquires 取得; 获得; acquiring v. 获得;习得(acquire 的现在分词) acquired susceptibility 获得感病性 acquired assets 既得资产 acquired character 后天属性;[植] 获得性状 acquired hernia 后天性疝 acquired trait 获得的特质;习得特质 acquired immunity [免疫] 后天免疫;[免疫] 获得免疫性 acquired taste 嗜好;爱好 acquire knowledge 获取知识 三、辨析 acquire, achieve, attain, earn, gain, get, obtain, secure, win 这组词的共同意思是“取得; 获得”。其区别是: 1.除secure是正式用词外,其余各词均为一般用词。 2.achieve主要指取得成功、成就或实现预期目的; acquire主要指逐渐获得知识、能力、荣誉等; attain主要指达到重要目标或获得珍贵的东西; earn凭借功劳赚得或获得工资、报酬、荣誉、赞赏等; gain主要指获得或赢得有一定价值的东西; get指以各种方式获得各种所需或不需之物; obtain指获得所需之物或达到预期目的; secure指得到渴望或竞争性的东西; win指在竞争、比赛、争论或战斗中击败对手而赢得胜利或获得人们的爱戴〔好感〕等。 3.achieve指克服困难之后而获得; acquire, attain, earn指通过努力而获得; gain指通过巨大努力而获得; obtain多指通过长期努力而获得,有时也指无须经过努力; 其他各词不强调通过努力与否; get可指通过各种方式获得; earn还指凭借功劳而赚得; win还指通过作出优异成绩而赢得。 4.achieve强调结果; acquire强调量的增加; attain含有达到完美地步的意味; gain强调所获得之物能够造成的优势; obtain强调愿望得到满足; secure强调有把握或成功地获得。 5.get是这组同义词中的最常用词,可指主动争取,也可指被动接受,有时不一定需要很大努力就能获得; acquire指持续,慢慢地获得,强调过程; 而earn, gain都强调经过艰苦努力而获得的这一结果, gain比obtain所付出的努力还要大些; win则指在竞赛中或战斗中赢得或获得胜利,可以通过努力获得,也可以偶然获得。例如: He did not get what he had earned他未获得他应得到的东西。 The ability to use a language can be acquired by the act of using the language.运用语言的能力,只能通过不断练习才能获得。 She gained rich experience in teaching.她获得了丰富的教学经验。 I've got your telegram.我已经收到了你的电报。 We wished to obtain first-hand information.我们要能得到第一手情报就好了。 Industry won him his success.勤奋使他获得了成功。 6.acquire的宾语多为知识、技能等; earn的宾语多为金钱、荣誉等理应得到的东西; obtain的宾语多为期望已久的东西; gain的宾语多为经验、利益、优势、好处等; 而win的宾语则为比赛、战斗等; get的宾语则比较广泛,即既可以是具体的东西,也可以是抽象的事物。例如: He got what he had earned.他获得了他应得到的东西。 You must work hard to acquire good knowledge of English.你要用功,以便精通英语。 Our firm has gained a good reputation.我们公司赢得了好名声。 Then I'll go and get you a chair.我去给你拿把椅子来。 At last, he obtained his father's pardon.他终于得到了父亲的原谅。 They won the basketball match.他们打赢了这场篮球赛。 7.这组动词都可跟简单宾语。get, earn, gain, obtain, secure和win可跟双宾语; secure还可跟wh-从句; win还可跟含不定式的复合宾语。此外, gain和win有时还可用作不及物动词。acquire和attain常跟抽象名词。 8.attain常用于庄重场合。win语气比gain强。 四、词形变化 acquirability n. 可得,可获得 acquirable adj. 可得的,可获得的 acquired adj. 后天的;获得的 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·quire / E5kwaiE(r) / verb [VN] (formal) 1. to gain sth by your own efforts, ability or behaviour (通过努力、能力、行为表现)获得,得到: She has acquired a good knowledge of English. 她英语已经学得很好。 He has acquired a reputation for dishonesty. 他得到了奸诈的名声。 I have recently acquired a taste for olives. 我最近开始喜欢吃橄榄了。 2. to obtain sth by buying or being given it 购得;获得;得到: The company has just acquired new premises. 公司刚购得新办公楼。 I've suddenly acquired a stepbrother. 我突然有了一个继兄弟。 IDIOMS ▪ an acquired 'taste a thing that you do not like much at first but gradually learn to like 养成的爱好: Abstract art is an acquired taste. 要慢慢培养才会欣赏抽象艺术。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acquire /əˈkwaɪə $ əˈkwaɪr/ ●●○ W2 AWL verb [transitive] 1  formal to obtain something by buying it or being given it 购得,得到 Manning hoped to acquire valuable works of art as cheaply as possible. 曼宁希望以尽可能低的价格买到有价值的艺术品。 She has acquired an email address and a site on the World Wide Web. 她获得了一个电子邮件地址和万维网网址。 ► see thesaurus at buy 2  to get or gain something 取得,获得 The college acquired a reputation for very high standards. 那所学院以学术水平高而闻名。 Register 3  to gain knowledge or learn a skill 学到,获得〔知识、技能〕 He spent years acquiring his skills as a surgeon. 他花了许多年时间学习外科医生的技能。 Elsie acquired a good knowledge of Chinese. 埃尔茜汉语学得很好。 ► see thesaurus at get 4  acquire a taste for something to begin to like something 开始喜欢某事物 She had acquired a taste for European beer. 她喜欢上了欧洲啤酒。 5. an acquired taste something that people only begin to like after they have tried it a few times 逐渐养成的爱好 Origin acquire (1400-1500) Old French aquerre, from Latin acquirere, from ad- “to” + quaerere “to look for, obtain” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acquire ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词获得;购得 If you acquire something, you buy or obtain it for yourself, or someone gives it to you. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n from n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 General Motors acquired a 50% stake in Saab for about $400m... 通用汽车公司以大约4亿美元的价格购得了萨博汽车公司50%的股份。 I recently acquired some wood from a holly tree... 最近我从一棵冬青树上弄了些木料。 She was sitting in her newly-acquired wheelchair. 她正坐在新买的轮椅上。 2.VERB 动词获得(技能);养成(习惯) If you acquire something such as a skill or a habit, you learn it, or develop it through your daily life or experience. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed I've never acquired a taste for wine... 我一向喝不惯葡萄酒。 Having read the book, she will be able to pass on the acquired knowledge to trainee teachers. 读完此书,她便能将从书中所得传授给实习教师。 3.VERB 动词获得,得到(某种名声) If someone or something acquires a certain reputation, they start to have that reputation. 【语法信息】:V n He has acquired a reputation as this country's premier solo violinist. 他已经赢得了该国首席小提琴独奏家的名誉。 4.PHRASE 短语后天养成的爱好;培养出来的兴趣 If you describe something as an acquired taste, you mean that a lot of people do not like it when they first experience it, but often start to like it more when they get to know it better. 【搭配模式】:usu v-link PHR Broad beans are very much an acquired taste... 要慢慢适应才能吃得惯蚕豆。 Living alone is an acquired taste. 独处是一种修得的境界。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] acquire /əˈkwajɚ/ verb acquires; acquired; acquiring [+ object] 1 formal : to get (something) : to come to own (something)得到;拥有 They're planning to acquire [=buy] a new home in the country. 他们打算在乡下置办一个新家。 He acquired [=got, inherited] a small fortune after the death of her parents. 她的父母去世后他得到了一小笔财产。 The two ships were acquired by the navy after the war. 战后这两艘船由海军所得。 The team acquired three new players this year. 今年这个队新增了三名队员。 : to come to have (something)获得;具有 She dreamed of acquiring [=gaining, getting] control of the company. 她梦想能得到公司的控制权。 When I saw her next she had somehow managed to acquire a few cuts and bruises. [=she had a few cuts and bruises] 接着,当我看到她时,不知怎的她有了几处伤口和瘀青。 The old word has acquired a new meaning. 这个旧词有了新的意义。 This apparently minor event has acquired increasing significance in recent weeks. 这一看似很小的事件在最近几周得到了越来越多的关注。 2 : to gain (a new skill, ability, etc.) usually by your own effort(通过自身努力)掌握,获得 She quickly acquired [=gained] fluency in French. 她很快就能讲一口流利的法语。 He is studying the way that language is acquired by children. 他正在研究儿童习得语言的方法。 acquire knowledge 获得知识 He has acquired a reputation as a careful/careless worker. [=people regard him as a careful/careless worker] 大家都知道他是个细心/粗心的工人。 ◊ When people acquire a taste for something, they like something that they did not like before.开始喜欢 Although he usually avoided unusual foods, he eventually began to acquire a taste for raw fish. 尽管他通常不吃另类的食物,他最终还是喜欢上了吃生鱼片。 ◊ An acquired taste is something or someone that is not easily or immediately liked.培养的爱好;逐渐喜欢上的东西(人) Brussels sprouts are an acquired taste for many people. 许多人是慢慢才喜欢上吃芽甘蓝的。 I admit that she is something of an acquired taste, but I think her art is wonderful. 我承认人们不会一开始就喜欢她,不过我认为她的艺术才能很优秀。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • across

    [ə'krɒs]     美 [ə'krɔːs]     adv. 横过;穿过;朝向特定的方向;在对面;横写地 prep. 横过;穿过;在对面;在(身体某部位)上;在…各处 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 across 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:44 /əˈkrɔs/ prep. 横过,穿过,在…各处,遍及 高考真题原句提选: From that point Shackleton wanted to force a passage by dog sled (雪橇) across the continent. Now many gardens across the country have been sold out for several months. 二、习惯用语 across the board 全面地;包括一切地;以三等分的钱数赌同一匹马赢得前三名 across from 在…对面 go across 穿过,横过;走过 back across 后背宽 三、词义辨析 prep. (介词) across, along 这两个词均可表示“方向”。across指沿着与其宾语所指事物交叉的方向,意思是“横过,横越”; along指沿着与其宾语所指事物平行的方向,尤指沿着细长或狭窄的物体,如走廊、公路等。 across, beyond 这两个词都可表示方位,意指“在…的另一边”。其区别在于:across指“在…的对面”或“在…的另一边”; 而beyond是指“在…较远的一边”。 across, over 这两个介词都可表示“在…另一侧”,有时可以互换。across表示从某一平面的一边至另一边; over表示从某障碍物的上面跨越过至另一侧。例如: When I saw him, he was climbing over the fence.我看到他时,他正在爬越栅栏。 I helped the old lady across the road.我扶着老太太过了马路。 across, through 这两个介词均可用于“从一边到另一边的动作”。其区别是: across表示动作是在某一物体的表面进行的; through表示动作是在三维空间进行的,四面八方都有东西。 下面两个句子的意思不同: 河上有座桥。 There is a bridge across the river. (桥横跨河上) There is a bridge over the river. (桥高出水面) come across, drop across, fall across, run across 这四个短语的共同意思是“偶然遇到,碰到”。其区别是: 1.fall across的对象只能是人,不能是事物; 而come across, drop across和run across的对象可以是人,也可以是事物; run across的对象是事物时,只指令人不快的事物。 2.fall across不可用于被动结构。 cut across, cut through 这两个短语都指“抄近路走过”,cut across指从表面通过,其宾语一般比较宽广;而cut through则表示从物体内部穿过,具有快速穿越的意思。 adv. (副词) across, cross across与cross形近义同,但词性不同,前者用作介词或副词,表示一个穿越动作时要与一个实义动词连用; 后者用作动词,可单独表示穿越动作。 get across to,get through to 这两个短语都有“使…理解”之意,其区别在于get across to的宾语为一群人,而get through to的宾语为某个人。 across,along,over,through 这些前置词均有“横过、穿过”之意。 across指“从……的一边到另一边”,强调横过,多与动态动词连用。 along指沿着一条直线在水平方向上运动。一般表动态,有时也与静态动词连用。 over常和动态动词连用,指“从……上面越过”或“横越”;表静态时,指“在彼处”。 through侧重从一端穿到另一端。 across,through,cross 都可表示“横过”或“穿过” across主要表示从某物的表面“横过”,涉及“面”的概念。 through则表示从某个空间“穿过”,涉及“体”的概念。 crossacross和cross 在拼写上仅差一字之微,故很易混淆。它们的区别在于词性和使用场合有所不同。across是介词;cross是动词。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] across / E5krCs; NAmE E5krC:s / adverb HELP For the special uses of across in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example come across is in the phrasal verb section at come. across 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 come across 在词条 come 的短语动词部份。 1. from one side to the other side 从一边到另一边;横过;宽: It's too wide. We can't swim across. 这太宽了,我们游不过去。 The yard measures about 50 feet across. 庭院宽约 50 英尺。 2. in a particular direction towards or at sb / sth 从…的一边向…: When my name was called, he looked across at me. 当叫到我名字的时候,他从那边朝我看过来。 3. across from opposite 在对面;在对过: There's a school just across from our house. 有一所学校就在我们房子对面。 4. (of an answer in a crossword 纵横字谜谜底) written from side to side 横写的: I can't do 3 across. 我猜不出第 3 格横写的谜底。 preposition 1. from one side to the other side of sth 从…一边到另一边;横过: He walked across the field. 他走过田地。 I drew a line across the page. 我在这一页上画了一条横线。 A grin spread across her face. 她粲然一笑。 Where's the nearest bridge across the river? 过河最近的桥在哪儿? 2. on the other side of sth 在…对面;在…对过: There's a bank right across the street. 街对面就有一家银行。 3. on or over a part of the body 在(身体某部位)上: He hit him across the face. 他打了他的脸。 It's too tight across the back. 背部太紧。 4. in every part of a place, group of people, etc. 在…各处;遍及 SYN throughout : Her family is scattered across the country. 她家中的人散居全国各地。 This view is common across all sections of the community. 该社区所有阶层的人普遍持有这种看法。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] across /əˈkrɒs $ əˈkrɒːs/ ●●● S1 W1 adverb , preposition 1  from one side of something to the other 从一边到另一边;穿过,越过 the first flight across the Atlantic 跨越大西洋的首次飞行 They ran straight across the road (=without stopping). 他们径直跑过了马路。 We’ll have to swim across. 我们得游过去。 We’d got halfway across before Philip realized he’d left his money at home. 我们走到半路,菲利普才意识到他把钱忘在家里了。 We gazed across the valley. 我们向山谷另一边凝望。 2  towards someone or something on the other side of an area 朝,向〔对面〕 There’s Brendan. Why don’t you go across and say hello? 那是布伦丹,你为什么不去打个招呼呢? across to/at The referee looked across at his linesman before awarding the penalty. 裁判先朝巡边员看了一眼,然后判罚点球。 He walked across to where I was sitting. 他朝我坐的地方走过来。 3  used to say that something exists or reaches from one side of an area to the other 从一边延伸到另一边;横贯,跨越 a deep crack across the ceiling 横贯天花板的一道深深的裂缝 the only bridge across the river 河上唯一的一座桥 Do you think this shirt is too tight across the shoulders? 你觉得这衬衫的肩部是不是太紧了? Someone’s parked right across the entrance to the driveway. 有人把车就那么停在车道入口处。 4  on the opposite side of something 在…对面 My best friend lives across the road. 我最好的朋友住在马路对面。 He knew that just across the border lay freedom. 他知道,越过边境就自由了。 across (something) from somebody/something Across the street from where we’re standing, you can see the old churchyard. 在我们所站之处的街对面,你可以看到古老的教堂墓地。 the woman sitting across from me (=opposite me) on the train 火车上坐在我对面的女士 5  in every part of a country, organization etc 遍及,在…各处 a TV series that became popular across five continents 在五大洲广受欢迎的电视系列片 Teachers are expected to teach a range of subjects right across the curriculum. 要求教师能教授课程里的很多科目。 6  used to show how wide something is …宽 ten feet/five metres etc across The river is 2 kilometres across. 这条河宽两公里。 Origin across (1200-1300) Anglo-French an crois “in cross” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] across ★★★★★ In addition to the uses shown below, across is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘come across’, ‘get across’, and ‘put across’. 除下列用法外,across还可用于come across, get across和put across等短语动词中。 1.PREP 介词从一边到另一边 If someone or something goes across a place or a boundary, they go from one side of it to the other. 【搭配模式】:ADV after v She walked across the floor and lay down on the bed... 她走过地板躺在了床上。 He watched Karl run across the street to Tommy. 他看着卡尔向街对面的汤米跑去。 ...an expedition across Africa. 横穿非洲的探险 Across is also an adverb. Richard stood up and walked across to the window. 理查德站起身走到了窗边。 2.PREP 介词横跨;横过;穿过 If something is situated or stretched across something else, it is situated or stretched from one side of it to the other. ...the floating bridge across Lake Washington in Seattle... 横跨在西雅图华盛顿湖上的浮桥 He scrawled his name across the bill... 他在账单上草草地签了名。 Lucy had strung a banner across the wall saying 'Welcome Home Daddy'. 露西在墙上挂了一条横幅,上面写着“欢迎爸爸回家”。 Across is also an adverb. Trim toenails straight across using nail clippers. 用指甲刀逐个修剪脚趾甲。 3.PREP 介词(放置或覆盖)在…上 If something is lying across an object or place, it is resting on it and partly covering it. She found her clothes lying across the chair... 她发现自己的衣服堆放在椅子上。 The wind pushed his hair across his face. 他的发丝随风拂面。 4.PREP 介词在…对过;在…对面 Something that is across something such as a street, river, or area is on the other side of it. Anyone from the houses across the road could see him... 马路对面房子里的任何一个人都能看见他。 When I saw you across the room I knew I'd met you before. 我在房间那头看见你时就知道我曾见过你。 Across is also an adverb. They parked across from the Castro Theatre... 他们将车停在了卡斯特罗剧院对面。 He pulled up a chair and sat down across from Michael. 他拉过一把椅子,坐在了迈克尔的对面。 5.ADV 副词朝;向 If you look across at a place, person, or thing, you look towards them. 【搭配模式】:ADV after v He glanced across at his sleeping wife... 他朝熟睡的妻子看了一眼。 She rose from the chair and gazed across at him. 她从椅子上站起身,远远地看着他。 ...breathtaking views across to the hills. 山那边令人叹为观止的美景 6.PREP 介词(表情展露)在(脸)上 You use across to say that a particular expression is shown on someone's face. An enormous grin spread across his face... 他咧着大嘴笑了。 For a moment a shadow seemed to pass across Roy's face. 一瞬间罗伊脸上似乎闪过一丝忧伤。 7.PREP 介词(打)在(脸、头等部位)上 If someone hits you across the face or head, they hit you on that part. Graham hit him across the face with the gun. 格雷厄姆用枪击打他的脸部。 8.PREP 介词在…各处;遍及 When something happens across a place or organization, it happens equally everywhere within it. The film 'Hook' opens across America on December 11... 电影《铁钩船长》12月11日在美国全线上映。 Thousands of farmers from across Europe have held a huge demonstration in the centre of Brussels... 来自欧洲各地的数千农民在布鲁塞尔市中心举行了大规模的示威游行。 2,000 workers across all state agencies are to be fired by March 31st. 2,000名分属各个国家机关的工作人员将在3月31日前被解雇。 9.PREP 介词超越,跨越(政治、宗教、社会隔阂等) When something happens across a political, religious, or social barrier, it involves people in different groups. across the board→see: board; ...parties competing across the political spectrum... 政治纷争中的各党派 We want to promote cosmetics that appeal across the colour barrier. 我们想推销各种肤色的人都喜欢的化妆品。 10.ADV 副词(测量时)宽… Across is used in measurements to show the width of something. 【搭配模式】:amount ADV This hand-decorated plate measures 30cm across... 这个手绘盘子直径为30厘米。 The snails are no larger than one centimetre across. 这些蜗牛体宽不超过1厘米。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 across /əˈkrɑːs/ preposition 1 a : from one side to the other side of (something)从一边到另一边 We took a ferry across the river. 我们搭渡船过河。 We saw them walking across the street. 我们看见他们穿过街道。 She reached across the table to shake his hand. 她隔着桌子伸手同他握手。 They traveled back and forth across the border. 他们往返于边界两端。 Airplanes flew across the sky above us. 飞机从我们的上方飞过。 She slapped him right across the face. [=she slapped his face] 她扇了他一个耳光。 b : on the other side of (something)在…对面 He was seated across the table from me. 他隔着桌子坐在我的对面。 Our grandparents live across the street (from us). 我们的祖父母住在马路对面。 The accident happened just across the state line. 事故就发生在州界线对面。 2 : so as to reach or spread over or throughout (something)穿过;越过 A smile spread across her face. 她的脸上露出微笑。 Looking out across the ocean, he saw land. 隔海望去,他看到了陆地。 The sun's light spread across the mountains. 阳光洒在群山上。 The disease spread quickly across the country. 那种疾病迅速在全国蔓延开来。 3 : in every part of (a country, region, etc.)遍及;在的各处 The movie is now showing in theaters across [=throughout] America. 这部影片正在全美各影院上映。 Newspapers (all) across the world reported the story. 全世界的报纸都报道了这一事件。 We could hear the bells all across town. 我们在镇子各处都能听见钟声。 2 across /əˈkrɑːs/ adverb 1 : from one side to the other从一边到另一边 The streams are small enough to jump across. 溪流很窄,能跳过去 They walked across to the other side of the street. 他们走到街道的对面。 They reached across and shook each other's hand. 他们伸出手相互握了握。 2 : in a measurement from one side to the other side…宽 At its widest point, the pond measures 150 feet across. 池塘最宽处达150英尺。 The hole was 10 feet across. [=10 feet wide] 这个洞有10英尺宽。 3 : on the opposite side在对面;对过 I saw them crossing the street and I waited until they were safely across. 我看见他们正在过马路,就一直等到他们安全到了对面。 across from : on the opposite side from (someone or something)在…的对面 She sat (directly) across from me at the table. 她隔着桌子坐在我(正)对面。 The restaurant is (just) across from the high school. 餐馆(就)在那所高中对面。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • act

    [ækt]     美 [ækt]     n. 行为;行动;法案;(戏剧、歌剧等的)一幕;假装 v. 行动;举止;假装;表演;扮演;充当;有效果 形容词: actable 名词: actability 过去式: acted 过去分词: acted 现在分词: acting 第三人称单数: acts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 act 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:34 /ˈækt/ n.&v. acts 2 acting 11 acted 4 法令;一幕 & 行动;表现;担任;假装;代理;作用(于);表演 高考真题原句提选: Human beings act in a different way from that of animals just because they can speak while animals cannot. For example, young people like to act on the spot without much thinking. Enrico joins eight other people who act as goodwill envoys (使者) for the United Nations. If you are to continue to live on the earth, you may well read and act on the ideas in this book. In that sense, I’m pretty sure volunteering is more of a selfish act than I’d freely like to admit. In May 1970, Maga and two other men set up a new government, with each of them acting as president in turn for two years. 二、习惯用语 act as 担当 act on 对…起作用;按照…行事 act in 扮演;在…方面行动 act like 举止像... act for v. 代理 in act [古语]即将,正要(与to和不定式连用) speech act 言语行为 act out 把…表演出来;把…付诸行动 act with 以…方式行事 act upon 对…起作用;按照…行事 act against vt. 违反 in the act of 正在做…时 legal act 法律行为 education act 教育法 juristic act 法律行为;法律行律 criminal act 罪行,犯罪行为 act of god 天灾;不可抗力 act accordingly 核办 balancing act 平衡做法;协调 illegal act 不法行为,非法行为 三、词义辨析 n. (名词) act, action, deed, operation 这组词的共同意思是“行为”。其区别是: 1.act和action常可替换,但act多指短暂的、单一的、个人的、具体的行为,强调后果; 而action多指时间较长、过程较复杂的持续动作或行为,有时也指抽象的行动,强调过程。deed指比较复杂或业已完成的行为,多指伟大的、感人的行为; operation常指几个工作的组合。 2.act和deed是可数名词; action常用作可数名词,有时用作不可数名词; operation可用作可数名词或不可数名词。 3.act和operation是一般用词; action是较正式用词; deed是正式用词。 v. (动词) act, act out 它们的共同意思是“表演”,其区别在于: 1.act的宾语一般是戏剧或角色, act out的宾语则可以是故事、对话等。 2.act out更强调把内容、情感、思想等用动作而不是用语言表现出来。 act as, act on 这两个短语都可译作“起作用”,但含义并不相同, act as是“以…身份而起作用”; act on是“对…起作用”。也就是说act as的宾语是“起作用”的主体; 而act on的宾语则是“作用”客体。 act as, act for 这两个短语意思有些相近,但并不相同,其区别在于: 1.act as后接表示职务的名词,而act for后多接人称代词,而少接职务名词。 2.act as强调的是职务,而act for强调的是所代替的人。 3.带有act for句中的职务是临时的; 而act as后接的职务既可是临时的,又可是长期的。 4.act as后接职务的是一个人,而担任act for句中的职务者有两个人,其中for后的人是正式的,长期的, act的逻辑的主体则是代理的,临时的。 5.act as后接的(职务)名词前往往省略冠词; 而act for后接的名词一般情况下有the。 act as, act like 它们并非同义短语,后者只是一种自由搭配。它们的区别很明显:前者的意思是“是”,后者的意思是“像(而不是)”。另外, as后常省略冠词,而like后则多用冠词。再有, as短语一般看作主语补语(表示主语身份),而like短语一般看作方式状语。 act as, serve as 这两个短语都可表示“充任,担任”。其区别是: serve as多指长期供职; 而act as所指时间则相对较短。试比较: He serves as manager and interpreter. 他兼任经理和口译。 She will act as my guide tomorrow. 明天她将给我作向导。 act the fool, act like a fool 这两个短语的意思基本相同,只是前者强调主观上是有意识地装傻,后者则指其举止行为客观上看来如同傻子一般。 act, behave 这两个词的共同意思是“做”,在很多场合下可以互换。其区别是: 1.act强调采取行动; 而behave强调人的行为是否符合某种行为标准,如道德或礼貌等。 2.act作“做”解时是不及物动词; 而除用作不及物动词外,还可用作及物动词,跟反身代词。 act, perform 这两个词的共同意思是“演出”,常可互换。例如: Who is acting〔performing〕 the part of the main hero in the play?谁在扮演剧中的主角? They acted〔performed〕 well.他们演得很好。 它们之间的区别是: 1.act强调的是“扮演(某角色)”; perform强调的是“表演(给人看)”,后者更侧重于表演的能力,技巧或效果。 2.act指戏剧、电影,而perform除指戏剧电影外,还包括器乐演奏及舞蹈等。 3.act的主语通常是人,而perform还可以是动物等。 act,action,deed,operation,performance 这些名词均含“行为、行动”之意。 act一般指具体的、短暂的或个别的行为,强调行为的完成及其效果。 action普通用词,着重行动的过程。 deed较庄重用词,除泛指各种行为外,还可用于指某种高尚或伟大的行为,故常译作“功绩,业绩”。 operation多指一连串行动或行为的完成方式。 performance主要指行动的方式方法。 law,constitution,regulation,code,rule,act 这些名词均有“法同,法规”之意。 law普通用词,泛指由最高当局所制订、立法机构所通过的任何成文或不成文的法规或条例。 constitution指治理国家或国家在处理内外政务时所遵循的基本法律和原则;也指规章规则的汇集。 regulation普通用词,指用于管理、指导或控制某系统或组织的规则、规定或原则等。 code指某一阶层或社会所遵守的一整套法典、法规或法则;也可指与某一特殊活动或主题有关的规则。 rule通常指机关、团体的规章、条例或比赛规则;也指对人行为、方法等所作的规定,还可指习俗所承认的规定。 act指经立法机构通过并由行政管理签署的法案。 四、词形变化 acting n. 表演; 演戏 action n. 行动;行为;诉讼;战斗 actor n. 演员;男演员;行动者;表演者 actress n. 女演员;女表演者 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] act / Akt / noun STH THAT SB DOES 作为 1. [C] a particular thing that sb does 行为;行动;所为: an act of kindness 善行 acts of terrorism 恐怖行动 The murder was the act of a psychopath. 这次谋杀是精神变态者所为。 a criminal act 犯罪行为 ⇨ note at action LAW 法律 2. [C] a law that has been passed by a parliament (议会通过的)法案,法令: an Act of Congress 国会法案 the Higher Education Act 2002 2002 年颁布的高等教育法 PRETENDING 假装 3. [sing.] a way of behaving that is not sincere but is intended to have a particular effect on others 假装: Don't take her seriously—it's all an act. 别跟她认真——这全是假戏一场。 You could tell she was just putting on an act. 你可以看出,她是在装模作样。 IN PLAY / ENTERTAINMENT 戏剧;娱乐 4. [C] one of the main divisions of a play, an opera , etc. (戏剧、歌剧等的)一幕: a play in nine acts 一出五幕剧 The hero dies in Act 5, Scene 3. 男主角在第 5 幕第 3 场死去。 5. [C] one of several short pieces of entertainment in a show 一项表演: a circus / comedy / magic act 马戏/喜剧/魔术表演 6. [C] a performer or group of musicians 表演者;音乐人组合: They were six of rock's most impressive live acts. 他们是最富感染力的现场表演摇滚乐组合之一。 IDIOMS ▪ 7act of 'God (law 律) an event caused by natural forces beyond human control, such as a storm, a flood or an earthquake 天灾;不可抗力(如风暴、洪水、地震) ▪ be / get in on the act (informal) to be / become involved in an activity that sb else has started, especially to get sth for yourself 参与;插一手 ▪ do, perform, stage a disap'pearing / 'vanishing act (informal) to go away or be impossible to find when people need or want you 隐藏踪迹;潜踪隐迹 ▪ get your 'act together (informal) to organize yourself and your activities in a more effective way in order to achieve sth 集中精力: He needs to get his act together if he's going to pass. 要是他想合格,就必须集中精力。 ▪ a 7hard / 7tough act to 'follow a person who is so good or successful at sth that it will be difficult for anyone else coming after them to be as good or successful 令人望尘莫及的人 ▪ in the act (of doing sth) while you are doing sth 正在(做某事);当场: He was caught in the act of stealing a car. 他偷汽车时被当场逮个正着。 ⇨ more at clean v., read v. verb DO STH 做某事 1. [V] to do sth for a particular purpose or in order to deal with a situation 做事;行动: It is vital that we act to stop the destruction of the rainforests. 至关紧要的是,我们应当采取行动制止破坏雨林。 The girl's life was saved because the doctors acted so promptly. 多亏医生行动迅速,女孩的生命得救了。 He claims he acted in self-defence. 他声称他是出于自衞。 BEHAVE 行为 2. [V] to behave in a particular way 行为;举止: John's been acting very strangely lately. 近来约翰的行为怪得很。 Stop acting like spoilt children! 别再像惯坏的孩子那样胡闹了! HELP In spoken English people often use like instead of as if or as though in this meaning, especially in NAmE : She was acting like she'd seen a ghost.This is not considered correct in written BrE. 英语口语中,尤其是北美英语,常用 like 代替 as if 或 as though 表示此义:She was acting like she'd seen a ghost. 书面英国英语中,此用法被视为不正确。 PRETEND 假装 3. to pretend by your behaviour to be a particular type of person 假装: ▪ [V-N] He's been acting the devoted husband all day. 他整天装作模范丈夫的样子。 ▪ [V-ADJ] I decided to act dumb. 我决定装哑。 PERFORM IN PLAY / MOVIE 戏剧/电影表演 4. to perform a part in a play or film / movie 扮演(戏剧、电影中的角色): ▪ [V] Have you ever acted? 你演过戏吗? Most of the cast act well. 这出戏大多数演员演得不错。 ▪ [VN] Who's acting (= taking the part of) Hamlet? 谁演哈姆雷特? The play was well acted. 这出戏演得不错。 PERFORM FUNCTION 起作用 5. [V] ~ as / like sth to perform a particular role or function 充当;起作用: Can you act as interpreter? 你能担任口译吗? hormones in the brain that act like natural painkillers 大脑中起着天然止痛药作用的荷尔蒙 HAVE EFFECT 有作用 6. [V] ~ (on sth) to have an effect on sth (对…)有作用,有影响: Alcohol acts quickly on the brain. 酒精对大脑迅速产生影响。 ⇨ more at age n., fool n., own v. PHRASAL VERBS ▪ 'act for / on behalf of sb to be employed to deal with sb's affairs for them, for example by representing them in court (受雇)代表某人行事 ▪ 'act on / upon sth to take action as a result of advice, information, etc. 根据(建议、信息等)行事: Acting on information from a member of the public, the police raided the club. 警察根据一个老百姓的报告,突然搜查了这家俱乐部。 Why didn't you act on her suggestion? 你为什么没有按照她的建议去做呢? ▪ 7act sth ↔ 'out 1. to perform a ceremony or show how sth happened, as if performing a play 履行(仪式);将…表演出来: The ritual of the party conference is acted out in the same way every year. 该党的大会程序年年照行如仪。 The children started to act out the whole incident. 孩子们开始表演整个事件。 2. to act a part in a real situation 充当(真实情况中的角色): She acted out the role of the wronged lover. 她扮作一个受冤枉的情人。 ▪ 7act 'up (informal) 1. to behave badly 表现不好;捣乱: The kids started acting up. 孩子们开始调皮捣蛋起来。 2. to not work as it should 出毛病: How long has your ankle been acting up? 你的脚踝受伤多久了? [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] act1 /ækt/ ●●● S1 W1 noun 1  ACTION 行为 [countable] one thing that you do 行为,行动,动作,举动 The new president’s first act should be to end the war. 新总统的第一步行动应当是结束战争。 a thoughtless act 轻率的举动 act of (doing) something an act of violence 暴力行为 her many acts of kindness 她的许多善行 The act of writing a list can help to calm you down. 列清单可以帮助你冷静下来。 in the act of doing something (=at the moment that you are doing something) 正在做某事的时候 Lindsay paused in the act of putting down the phone. 林赛放下电话时停顿了一下。  Register 2  LAW 法律 (also Act) [countable] a law that has been officially accepted by Parliament or Congress 〔由议会或国会正式通过的〕法令,法案 the Housing and Community Development Act of 1977 1977年《住房和社区发展法》 an act of Parliament 议会法令 3  PRETENDING 假装 [singular] insincere behaviour in which you pretend to have a particular kind of feeling or to be a particular kind of person 装模作样,装腔作势 Mike played the loving husband in front of the children but it was all an act. 迈克在孩子面前表现得像个体贴的丈夫,但那都是假装的。 Be natural. Don’t feel you have to put on an act. 自然点,不必装模作样。 4  get your act together informal to become more organized and behave in a more effective way, especially in order to achieve something 更有条理些,加把劲 You need to get your act together if you’re going to find the right house to buy. 要想买到合适的房子,你得加把劲。 5  PLAY 戏剧 [countable] one of the main parts into which a stage play, opera etc is divided 〔戏剧、歌剧等的〕一幕 I arrived at the theatre late and missed the first act. 我到剧场时晚了,错过了第一幕。 the beginning of Act 3 第三幕开场 6  PERFORMANCE 演出 [countable] a short performance on stage or television by someone who plays music or tells jokes 〔舞台或电视上的〕一段表演 The argument was just part of their act. 争吵只是他们表演的一部分。 7  PERFORMER 演员 [countable] a performer or a group of performers who perform together 演出者 The band is one of many acts that have been booked for the concert. 音乐会已邀约多方参演,这个乐队是其中之一。 8  a hard/tough etc act to follow someone who does such an excellent job that it would be difficult for someone doing the same job after them to be as good 令人望尘莫及的人 He has been a very successful captain and will be a hard act to follow. 他是位非常出色的队长,后来者将很难与之比肩。 9. get in on the act informal to take part in an activity that someone else has started, especially in order to get a share of the advantages for yourself 〔尤指为得到好处而〕插手,参与〔他人发起的活动〕 10. act of God an event that is caused by natural forces, such as a storm, flood, or fire, which you cannot prevent or control 天灾,自然灾害,不可抗力 11. act of worship an occasion when people pray together and show their respect for God 拜祭;祈祷 12. balancing/juggling act a situation in which you are trying to do several different types of work at the same time 同时兼顾好几个方面的工作,力图面面俱到 13. do a disappearing/vanishing act to be impossible to find when you are needed 〔在别人需要时〕消失,开溜 → catch somebody in the act at catch1(3), → clean up your act at clean up Related topics: Performing act2 ●●● S2 W1 verb 1  DO STH 做某事 [intransitive] to do something in a particular way or for a particular reason 行动,做事 2  BEHAVE 表现 [intransitive always + adverb/preposition] to behave in a particular way 〔以某种方式〕表现 3  PRETEND 假装 [intransitive, transitive] to pretend to have feelings, qualities etc that are different from your true ones 假装;装腔作势 4  PLAY/FILM 戏剧/电影 [intransitive, transitive] to perform in a play or film 演出;扮演 5  HAVE AN EFFECT 起作用 [intransitive] to have an effect or use 起作用 6  act for somebody/act on somebody’s behalf to represent someone, especially in a court of law or by doing business for them 代表某人,为某人代理  PHRASAL VERBS Origin act1 (1300-1400) Latin actus “doing, act” and actum “thing done, record”, from the past participle of agere “to drive, do” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] act ★★★★★ 1.VERB 动词做事;行动 When you act, you do something for a particular purpose. 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:V adv/prep The deaths occurred when police acted to stop widespread looting and vandalism... 警方采取行动制止猖狂的打砸抢行为时有多人丧生。 I do not doubt that the bank acted properly. 我毫不怀疑银行的处理方式是妥当的。 2.VERB 动词遵照…行动;奉行 If you act on advice or information, you do what has been advised or suggested. 【语法信息】:V on/upon n A patient will usually listen to the doctor's advice and act on it. 患者通常都会遵照医嘱行事。 3.VERB 动词举止;表现 If someone acts in a particular way, they behave in that way. 【语法信息】:V adv 【语法信息】:V as if 【语法信息】:V like n ...a gang of youths who were acting suspiciously... 一伙形迹可疑的年轻人 He acted as if he hadn't heard any of it... 他表现得好像对此毫不知情。 Open wounds act like a magnet to flies. 裸露的伤口很招苍蝇。 4.VERB 动词起作用;充当 If someone or something acts as a particular thing, they have that role or function. 【语法信息】:V as/like n He acted both as the ship's surgeon and as chaplain for the men. 他在船上为水手们兼作外科医生和牧师。 ...the Cunard Princess, which acted as a support ship for American forces. 用作美军支援船的公主号冠达邮轮 5.VERB 动词假装;故作 If someone acts in a particular way, they pretend to be something that they are not. 【语法信息】:V adj 【语法信息】:V n Chris acted astonished as he examined the note... 克里斯检查记录时故作震惊状。 Kenworthy had tried not to act the policeman. 肯沃西努力表现得不像个警察。 6.VERB 动词代理;代表 When professionals such as lawyers act for you, or act on your behalf, they are employed by you to deal with a particular matter. 【语法信息】:V for n 【语法信息】:V prep ...the law firm that acted for Diana during her marriage split... 在戴安娜婚姻破裂期间为她做代理的法律事务所 Because we travelled so much, Sam and I asked a broker to act on our behalf. 由于我们经常游历在外,我和萨姆便请了一位经纪人代表我们处理事务。 7.VERB 动词影响;作用于 If a force or substance acts on someone or something, it has a certain effect on them. 【语法信息】:V on/upon n 【语法信息】:Also V He's taking a dangerous drug: it acts very fast on the central nervous system... 他正在服用一种危险的药物:这种药物能很快影响到中枢神经系统。 A hypnotist can act upon the unconscious mind directly. 催眠师能直接作用于无意识思维。 8.VERB 动词表演;演(戏);出演(角色) If you act, or act a part in a play or film, you have a part in it. 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:V in n 【语法信息】:Also V n She confessed to her parents her desire to act... 她向父母坦言了自己想演戏的愿望。 She acted in her first film when she was 13 years old. 13岁时她出演了她的电影处女作。 9.N-COUNT 可数名词行为;行动 An act is a single thing that someone does. 【搭配模式】:oft N of n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 Language interpretation is the whole point of the act of reading... 阅读行为中关键在于对语言的理解。 My insurance excludes acts of sabotage and damage done by weapons of war. 我购买的保险对于蓄意损坏以及战争中武器造成的损坏不予赔偿。 10.N-SING 单数名词装模作样;装腔作势 If you say that someone's behaviour is an act, you mean that it does not express their real feelings. There were moments when I wondered: did she do this on purpose, was it all just a game, an act?... 有时我很困惑:她这么做是故意的吗?难道一切都只是一场游戏,是逢场作戏? His anger was real. It wasn't an act. 他是真的生气了,不是在摆样子。 11.N-COUNT 可数名词法案;法令;条例 An Act is a law passed by the government. ...an Act of Parliament. 议会法案 12.N-COUNT 可数名词(戏剧、歌剧、芭蕾舞剧等的)幕 An act in a play, opera, or ballet is one of the main parts into which it is divided. 【搭配模式】:oft N num Act II contained one of the funniest scenes I have ever witnessed... 第二幕里有我看过的最搞笑的场面之一。 13.N-COUNT 可数名词(演出中的)短节目 An act in a show is a short performance which is one of several in the show. This year numerous bands are playing, as well as comedy acts... 今年除了那些搞笑短剧外,还会有众多乐队登台献艺。 14.PHRASE 短语当场抓住;抓现行 If you catch someone in the act, you discover them doing something wrong or committing a crime. 【搭配模式】:V inflects The men were caught in the act of digging up buried explosives. 那些人在挖掘掩埋的爆炸物时被逮个正着。 15.PHRASE 短语改邪归正;重新做人 If someone who has been behaving badly cleans up their act, they start to behave in a more acceptable or responsible way. 【搭配模式】:V inflects 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 The nation's advertisers need to clean up their act. 该国的广告商需要规范自己的行为。 16.PHRASE 短语(为了得到好处等)参与,插一手 If you get in on the act, you take part in or take advantage of something that was started by someone else. 【搭配模式】:V inflects 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 In the 1970s Kodak, anxious to get in on the act, launched its own instant camera. 20世纪70年代,急于分一杯羹的柯达公司推出了自己的拍立得相机。 17.PHRASE 短语正在做… You say that someone was in the act of doing something to indicate what they were doing when they were seen or interrupted. 【搭配模式】:v-link PHR -ing Ken was in the act of paying his bill when Neil came up behind him. 当尼尔从后面走过来时,肯正在付账。 18.PHRASE 短语全力以赴;集中精力;劲儿往一处使 If you get your act together, you organize your life or your affairs so that you are able to achieve what you want or to deal with something effectively. 【搭配模式】:V inflects 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 The Government should get its act together... 政府应该集中力量。 We have to get our act together — we have to organize ourselves. 我们必须把劲儿往一处使——我们得组织起来。 19. to act one's age→see: age; to act the fool→see: fool; 相关词组: act out act up [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 act /ˈækt/ noun plural acts 1 [count] : something that is done行为;行动;举动 His first official act [=action] as President was to sign the bill. 他作为总统的第次正式行为是签署本法案。 We were grateful for her many acts of kindness. 她的多次善心之举让我们很感激。 an act of bravery = a brave act 英勇行为 criminal/illegal/unlawful/wrongful acts 违法行为 — see also sex act ◊ An act of God is a natural event (such as a storm or earthquake) that cannot be controlled by people.天灾;不可抗力 The company cannot be held responsible in cases of bad weather or other acts of God. 如果出现恶劣天气或其他不可抗力,公司将不承担责任。 2 [count] : a law made by a group of legislators法令;法案 The program was created by (an) act of Congress/Parliament. 这项计划是根据国会的一项法案创建的。 legislative acts 立法法案 the Civil Rights Act of 1964 《1964年民权法案》 3 [count] : one of the main divisions of a play or opera(戏剧或歌剧的)一幕 Please read act II, scene 1 of Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. 请阅读莎士比亚《罗密欧与朱丽叶》的第二幕第一场。 In the first/opening act, two characters are talking in a restaurant. 在第一幕/开场戏中,两个人物在餐馆里谈话。 a play in three acts = a three-act play 一出三幕剧 4 [count] a : one of the performances in a show一段表演 a circus/magic act 一段马戏/魔术表演 b : a show that a person or group performs often经常的表演;常规表演 He has a great stand-up/comedy act. [=routine] 他有段拿手的单口/喜剧表演。 She took her act on the road. [=she traveled and performed her act in different places] 她到各地巡回演出 c : a person or group that performs in shows表演者;演出团体 a two-person comedy act from New York City 来自纽约市的双人喜剧演出团 The band was one of this summer's most successful live acts. 这支乐队是今夏最火爆的现场演出团体之一。 ◊ A balancing act or juggling act is an attempt to do several different things or deal with several different situations at the same time.平衡(或兼顾)几件事的做法 It's a difficult balancing act, but many students hold full-time jobs while attending school. 这事很难平衡,可许多学生一边上学一边做全职工作。 Working and raising children can be a real juggling act for parents. 为人父母,可能真的要兼顾工作和养育孩子。 — see also class act, a hard/tough act to follow at follow 5 [singular] : a way of behaving that is not honest or sincere装模作样;装腔作势 He said he was sorry, but I realize now that it was all just an act. 他说他很难过,可我现在意识到那不过是装装样子而已。 He wasn't really sorry. He was just putting on an act. 他并不是真的难过,只是做做样子而已。 clean up your act — see clean up at 2clean get into the act or get in on the act : to start to participate in an activity加入;参加 We started selling them last year, and now other stores are getting into the act. [=now other stores are also selling them] 我们是去年开始卖的,现在别的商店也开始卖了。 get your act together — see get together at get in the act (of doing something) : while doing something正在(做某事);当场 When they arrived, I was just in the act of starting to make dinner. 他们到的时候我正要开始做晚饭。 He tried to rob a bank and was caught in the act. = He was caught in the act of robbing a bank. 他抢银行,被当场抓获。 2 act /ˈækt/ verb acts; acted; acting 1 [no object] : to do something : to take action做事;行动 Think before you act. 三思而后行。 He knew he had to act quickly/fast. 他知道他必须迅速采取行动。 The government was slow to act. 政府行动迟缓。 The firefighters acted with great courage. = They acted courageously. 消防员们表现英勇。 She acted on behalf of her father, who was not at the meeting. 她代表父亲参加了会议。 I believe that the killer acted alone. 我认为杀手是单独行动的。 She had acted in self-defense when she killed her attacker. 她出于自卫杀死了袭击者。 We were acting in the best interests of our children. 我们这样做是为孩子们着想。 If he refuses to cooperate, he'll be acting against his own (best) interests. [=he'll be acting in a way that is harmful to himself] 他如果拒绝合作,就是在损害自己的(最大)利益。 We must act soon to end this crisis. 我们必须马上采取行动结束这场危机。 2 [no object] : to behave in a particular way举动;表现 She learned at an early age how to act properly in social situations. 她从小就学会了如何在社交场合表现得体。 People are always telling me how I should act and what I should say. 人们总是告诉我该怎么表现、该说什么。 I noticed that the dog was acting funny/differently/strangely this morning. 我注意到这只狗今天早晨的表现很好笑/异常/奇怪。 acting more naturally/aggressively/responsibly 表现得更加自然强势/值得信赖 She's been acting kind of crazy lately. 她最近的表现有点疯狂。 Please learn the new rules and act accordingly. [=follow the new rules] 请学习新的规定,并按其行事。 ◊ To act the part is to behave the way that people in a particular role usually behave.表现出…的样子 Now that he's rich he certainly acts the part. [=behaves like a rich person] 他有钱了,当然表现得也像个有钱人的样子了。 ◊ To act your age is to behave the way that people your age should behave and not to behave like a younger person.稳重点,别耍孩子气 John, act your age. You're not a kid anymore. 约翰,别孩子气了。你不是小孩子了。 ◊ To act like a particular kind of person or thing is to behave the way that person or thing behaves.表现得像(某人或某事物) You two are acting like children. 你们俩表现得像孩子。 It's time you start acting like a man. 是你开始表现得像个男子汉的时候了。 I'm sorry about yesterday. I acted like a fool/jerk. 我为昨天的事道歉。我失态了。 — see also 2act 3c (below) 3 a [no object] : to behave in a way that is not sincere or honest装模作样;装腔作势 Stop acting. We know you're guilty. 别再装了。我们知道你有罪。 b [linking verb] : to pretend to be something假装佯装 Stop acting innocent. 别再假装无辜了。 She was terribly nervous, but she acted confident. 她紧张得要命,却做出一副自信的样子。 I know you're bored, but can you at least try to act interested. 我知道你感到乏味,但你能最起码装作感兴趣吗? He did his best to act excited. 他竭力装出兴奋的样子。 There she goes, offering advice and acting the expert. [=pretending to be an expert] 她又来那一套了,提出建议,装成专家的样子。 If anybody asks you where I am, act dumb. [=pretend that you do not know] 要是有人问你我在哪儿,就装作不知道。 c [no object] : to pretend that something is true装作…的样子 — usually used in the phrases act as if, act as though, and (chiefly US) act like 通常用于短语act as if, act as though和act like She acted as if nothing had happened. 她装作好像什么事也没发生过。 We acted as though we knew what was going on. 我们假装知道发生了什么事。 I tried to act like it didn't bother me, but it did. 我竭力装出无所谓的样子,可它的确是影响我了。 Even if you don't like your gift, you should act like you do. 即使你不喜欢收到的礼物,也应该装出喜欢的样子。 I didn't act like it, but I really was happy. 我并不是装的,我是真的很高兴。 — see also act like at 2act 2 (above) 4 : to perform the words and actions of a character in a play, movie, etc. : to perform as an actor表演;演出 [no object] It had always been his dream to act. 当演员一直是他的梦想。 She can sing, dance, and act. 她会唱歌、跳舞和表演。 As a child, she began acting in television commercials. 她从小就在电视广告中表演。 Both actors have agreed to act in the movie. 两位演员都同意出演这部影片。 [+ object] He'll be acting the part of Romeo in tonight's play. 在今晚的剧中他将扮演罗密欧的角色。 The role of Romeo was wonderfully acted by Mr. Jacob Smith. 罗密欧这个角色,雅各布·史密斯先生演得很出色。 a beautifully acted movie [=a movie in which the acting is excellent] 一部表演精彩的电影 5 [no object] : to do the work of a particular kind of person or thing : to perform a certain function or role充当;担任 — + as A young man acted [=served] as our guide through the city. 一位年轻人充当我们在城里游览的导游。 She'll be acting as her own attorney during the court trial. 庭审时她将充当自己的辩护律师。 She agreed to act as his secretary. 她同意做他的秘书。 The trees act as a source of shade and protection from the wind. 这些树起到遮阴避风的作用。 6 [no object] : to make something happen : to have a particular effect起作用;见效 The chemical acts [=works] by destroying the cells in the brain. 这种化学品是通过消灭脑子里的那些细胞起作用的。 — often + on These medicines act on [=affect] the heart. 这些药物会对心脏产生影响。 — see also act on/upon (below) act on/upon [phrasal verb] act on/upon (something) : to use (something, such as a feeling or suggestion) as a reason or basis for doing something按照…行事 They never acted on the information they had. 他们从未根据了解到的信息采取行动。 We were too late to act upon his suggestion. 我们按照他的建议行事已为时太晚。 It's okay to feel angry or jealous, but you mustn't act on those feelings. 生气或嫉妒都可以,可你千万不要因此有所行动。 — see also 2act 6 (above) act out [phrasal verb] 1 a : to behave badly especially because you are feeling painful emotions (such as fear or anger)发泄;宣泄 What can parents do when their kids start acting out? 孩子们开始宣泄情绪时,父母能做什么呢? b act out (something) or act (something) out : to show that you are feeling (a painful emotion) by acting in ways that are not good or acceptable用行动来发泄 children acting out their emotions in inappropriate ways 孩子们以不恰当的方式宣泄情绪 He tries not to act out his anger/frustrations. 他尽量不把他的愤怒/沮丧发泄出来。 2 act out (something) or act (something) out a : to perform (a play, a character in a movie, etc.)(在戏剧、电影中)表演,演出 plays acted out on stage 搬上舞台的戏剧 She skillfully acted out the role of a young queen. 她出色地扮演了一位年轻的皇后。 b : to do and say the things that happen in (a movie, past event, etc.)表演(电影、过往事件等的场景) At their last party, they acted out [=reenacted] scenes from old movies. 在他们的上一次聚会上,他们表演了老电影中的几场戏。 The children were acting out what they saw on television. 孩子们把他们从电视上看到的又演了出来。 adults acting out their childhood dreams/fantasies [=doing the things they wanted to do when they were children] 实现孩提时梦想的成年人 act the fool — see 1fool act up [phrasal verb] 1 : to behave badly : to act in a way that is not polite or acceptable淘气;捣蛋 The kids are acting up [=misbehaving] again. 孩子们又在捣蛋。 The book gives advice to parents whose children act up. 这本书给那些孩子很调皮的父母提供了建议。 2 of a machine : to not work properly(机器)发生故障 The camera started acting up [=malfunctioning] after I dropped it. 相机被我摔了之后就出问题了。 3 of a disease : to become worse and to start causing pain or physical problems(疾病)发作 His asthma acts up when it's cold outside. 外面天气冷的话他的哮喘病就会发作。 Whenever it rains, my arthritis starts acting up. 只要一下雨,我的关节炎就会发作。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • action

    ['ækʃn]     美 ['ækʃn]     n. 行为;活动;措施;效用;交战;情节;事件;姿态;起诉;机能 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 action 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:17 /ˈækʃən/ n. actions 8 行动,行为,动作 高考真题原句提选: All small children act naturally and as they grow up they normally learn to control their actions. And so we take less action, make less progress, and stay the same when we could be improving. What was the author's immediate action when the traffic light turned red? All small children act naturally and as they grow up they normally learn to control their actions. 二、习惯用语 take action 采取行动;提出诉讼 action on 对…的作用 in action 在活动;在运转 action plan 行动计划;行动方案 mechanism of action 作用机制;作用机理 course of action 做法;行动步骤 legal action 法律诉讼 action research 行动研究;行为研究;动作研究 civil action n. 民事诉讼 pharmacological action 药理作用 corrective action n. 校正动作 administrative action 行政诉讼;行政裁定 joint action 联合行动;[机]接合动作;接合作用 collective action 集体行动;集体行为 combined action 共同作用;联合行动;复合作用 direct action 直接行动;直接作用 action potential 动作电位;动诅位 out of action 损坏;不运转;失去作用 control action 控制作用;控制动作 disciplinary action 纪律处分;训练活动 三、词义辨析 n. (名词) action, act, deed, operation 这组词的共同意思是“行为”。其区别是: 1.act和action常可替换,但act多指短暂的、单一的、个人的、具体的行为,强调后果; 而action多指时间较长、过程较复杂的持续动作或行为,有时也指抽象的行动,强调过程。deed指比较复杂或业已完成的行为,多指伟大的、感人的行为; operation常指几个工作的组合。 2.act和deed是可数名词; action常用作可数名词,有时用作不可数名词; operation可用作可数名词或不可数名词。 3.act和operation是一般用词; action是较正式用词; deed是正式用词。 action, agency, function 这组词均可表示“作用”,其区别是: 1.action和agency指一物〔事〕对另一物〔事〕的作用; 而function指物体自身的作用。 2.action常从结果的角度着眼,而agency常从原因的角度着眼。 3.action和function是可数名词; 而agency是不可数名词,常用于短语by〔through〕 the agency of。 4.action是一般用词; agency和function是正式用词。 act,action,deed,operation,performance 这些名词均含“行为、行动”之意。 act一般指具体的、短暂的或个别的行为,强调行为的完成及其效果。 action普通用词,着重行动的过程。 deed较庄重用词,除泛指各种行为外,还可用于指某种高尚或伟大的行为,故常译作“功绩,业绩”。 operation多指一连串行动或行为的完成方式。 performance主要指行动的方式方法。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·tion / 5AkFn / noun WHAT SB DOES 作为 1. [U] the process of doing sth in order to make sth happen or to deal with a situation 行动;行为过程: The time has come for action if these beautiful animals are to survive. 若要使这些美丽的动物能生存下去,现在就要行动起来。 Firefighters took action immediately to stop the blaze spreading. 消防队员立即采取了行动制止大火蔓延。 What is the best course of action in the circumstances? 在这种情况下最佳行动方针是什么? She began to explain her plan of action to the group. 她开始向小组讲解她的行动计划。 ⇨ see also direct action , industrial action 2. [C] a thing that sb does 所做之事;行为: Her quick action saved the child's life. 她行动迅速,救了小孩的命。 Each of us must take responsibility for our own actions. 我们每个人都必须对自己的行为负责。 LEGAL PROCESS 诉讼程序 3. [C, U] a legal process to stop a person or company from doing sth, or to make them pay for a mistake, etc. 诉讼;起诉: A libel action is being brought against the magazine that published the article. 发表该文章的杂志将受到诽谤诉讼。 He is considering taking legal action against the hospital. 他正考虑起诉这家医院。 IN WAR 战争 4. [U] fighting in a battle or war 战斗;作战: military action 军事行动 soldiers killed in action 阵亡战士 IN STORY / PLAY 故事;戏剧 5. [U] the events in a story, play, etc. (故事、戏剧等中的)情节: The action takes place in France. 这个故事发生在法国。 EXCITING EVENTS 激动人心的事 6. [U] exciting events 激动人心的事: I like films with plenty of action. 我喜欢情节曲折离奇的动作片。 New York is where the action is. 纽约是个热闹活跃的地方。 EFFECT 作用 7. [U] ~ of sth (on sth) the effect that six substance or chemical has on another (一种物质或化学品对另一种所起的)作用: the action of sunlight on the skin 阳光对皮肤的作用 OF PART OF THE BODY 身体部位 8. [U, C] (technical 术语) the way a part of the body moves or functions (身体部位的)动作,功能: a study of the action of the liver 对肝功能的研究 OF MACHINE 机器 9. [sing.] the mechanical parts of a piano, gun, clock, etc. or the way the parts move (钢琴、枪炮、钟表等的)机械装置,活动部件;(机械部件的)活动方式 ⇨ see also pump-action IDIOMS ▪ actions speak louder than 'words (saying) what a person actually does means more than what they say they will do 行动比言语更为响亮 ▪ in 'action if sb / sth is in action, they are doing the activity or work that is typical for them 在活动中;在运转: Just press the button to see your favourite character in action. 只要按一下电钮就可以看到你喜欢的角色在表演。 I've yet to see all the players in action. 我还得看所有参赛者的实地比赛。 ▪ into 'action if you put an idea or a plan into action, you start making it happen or work 实行;实施: The new plan for traffic control is being put into action on an experimental basis. 新的交通管理方案正在试验实施。 ▪ out of 'action not able to work or be used because of injury or damage 不能工作;失去作用;停止运转: Jon will be out of action for weeks with a broken leg. 乔恩断了一条腿,将有几个星期不能走动。 The photocopier is out of action today. 复印机今天出故障了。 ▪ a piece / slice of the 'action (informal) a share or role in an interesting or exciting activity, especially in order to make money 插手,参与(尤指为了赚钱): Foreign firms will all want a piece of the action if the new airport goes ahead. 要是新机场开始修建,外国公司都会来插一手捞好处。 ⇨ more at evasive , spring v., swing v. verb [VN] to make sure that sth is done or dealt with 务必做,确保处理(某事): Your request will be actioned. 你的要求会处理的。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] action1 /ˈækʃən/ ●●● S1 W1 noun 1  DOING STH 做某事 [uncountable] the process of doing something, especially in order to achieve a particular thing 行动 The government must take action (=do something) now to stop the rise in violent crime. 政府现在必须采取行动遏止暴力犯罪的上升。 action on Environmental groups want tougher action on pollution from cars. 环境保护团体希望对汽车污染采取更严厉的措施。 She was looking forward to putting her ideas into action (=doing the things she had planned). 她盼望着将自己的想法付诸实施。 Ambulance crews are ready to spring into action (=suddenly start doing something) if anything goes wrong during the race. 救护车急救人员随时准备出动,以应对比赛期间发生的意外。 2  STH DONE 所做的事 [countable] something that someone does 行为,作为 quick/swift/prompt action Her prompt actions probably saved my life. 她敏捷的行动很可能救了我一命。 The child could not be held responsible for his actions (=he was too young to be blamed for them). 不能要求这个小孩对自己的行为负责。 defend/justify your action(s) The chief of police tried to justify his actions. 警察局长试图为自己的行为辩解。 3  in action someone or something that is in action is doing the job or activity they are trained or designed to do 在工作;在活动;在运转 photos of ski jumpers in action 跳台滑雪者跳下时的照片 see/watch something/somebody in action I’d like to see the new computer system in action. 我希望看到新的计算机系统运行起来。 4  out of action a) broken and not working 失灵,发生故障 The photocopier is out of action again. 复印机又出故障了。 b) injured and unable to do anything 〔受伤而〕不能做事 put/keep somebody out of action The injury will keep him out of action for a month. 这次受伤将使他一个月无法做事。 5  FIGHTING 战斗 [uncountable] fighting during a war 战斗 There have been reports of widespread enemy action in the area. 据报敌军在该地区开展大规模行动。 killed/wounded in action (=killed or wounded while fighting) 阵亡/战斗中负伤 His father was killed in action in Vietnam. 他的父亲在越战中阵亡。 530 servicemen were reported missing in action (=they were never seen again after a battle). 据报有530名军人在战斗中失踪。 The men were sent into action with little or no training. 这些男子被送上战场时几乎没有或根本未经训练。 He had seen action (= been involved in fighting ) in France. 他在法国打过仗。 ► see thesaurus at war 6  LEGAL 法律上的 [countable, uncountable] a legal or formal process to decide whether someone has done something wrong 诉讼 They are threatening to take legal action against the hospital (=start a court case against them). 他们扬言要起诉这家医院。 The director faces disciplinary action (=official action to punish him). 那位董事面临纪律处分。 The matter is now the subject of a court action (=a court case). 此事现在成了一桩诉讼的争议事项。 The students agreed to drop their action (=decided not to continue with a court case or an official complaint). 学生们同意撤诉。 The sisters brought a libel action against the newspaper (=started a court case). 那家姐妹起诉报社诽谤。 7  EXCITEMENT 激动 [uncountable] 8  THE EVENTS IN A STORY/FILM ETC 故事/电影等中的情节the action the events in a story, film, play etc 情节 9  MOVEMENT 活动 [countable, uncountable] the way something moves or works 动作;功能 10  EFFECT 作用 [uncountable] the effect that a substance, especially a chemical, has on something 〔尤指化学物的〕作用 11  action group/committee etc a group formed to change a social or political situation – often used in names 行动小组/委员会等〔常用于名称〕 12  a piece/slice of the action informal an opportunity to be involved in an event or activity, especially one that will be enjoyable or will make money 参与,插手〔尤指为了玩乐、赚钱〕 13. actions speak louder than words used to say that you are judged by what you do, and not by what you say 行动胜于言辞 action! used by film directors to give the instruction to begin filming 开拍!〔电影导演下令开始拍摄时用语〕 Lights, camera, action! 灯光,摄影,开拍! action2 verb [transitive] formal to do a specific thing that needs to be done, especially after discussing it 就…进行处理,对…采取行动 How are we actually going to action these objectives? 我们究竟如何实现这些目标呢? Origin action (1300-1400) Old French Latin actio, from agere; → ACT1 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] action ★★★★★ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词行动;措施 Action is doing something for a particular purpose. 【搭配模式】:usu with supp The government is taking emergency action to deal with a housing crisis... 政府正采取紧急措施解决住房危机。 What was needed, he said, was decisive action to halt what he called these savage crimes. 他说,当务之急就是采取果断行动制止他所称的“这些野蛮罪行”。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词所做之事;行为 An action is something that you do on a particular occasion. As always, Peter had a reason for his action... 一如往常,彼得对自己的行为总有说辞。 Jack was the sort of man who did not like his actions questioned. 杰克是那种不喜欢别人质疑自己行为的人。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词诉讼;起诉 To bring a legal action against someone means to bring a case against them in a court of law. 【FIELD标签】:LEGAL 法律 Two leading law firms are to prepare legal actions against tobacco companies. 两家很有名的律师事务所准备向烟草公司提起诉讼。 ...a libel action brought by one of France's bureaucrats. 由法国的一名官员提起的诽谤诉讼 4.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词(化学物质产生的)作用,效果 The action of a chemical is the way in which it works, or the effects that it has. Her description of the nature and action of poisons is amazingly accurate. 他对一些毒药的性质和作用的描述惊人地准确。 5.N-SING 单数名词激动人心(或重要)的大事 The action is all the important and exciting things that are happening in a situation. 【搭配模式】:the N 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 Hollywood is where the action is now. 好莱坞如今风头正盛。 6.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词战斗;作战 The fighting which takes place in a war can be referred to as action . 【搭配模式】:oft in N Leaders in America have generally supported military action... 美国领导人普遍支持采取军事行动。 13 soldiers were killed and 10 wounded in action. 战斗中有13名士兵阵亡,10名士兵受伤。 7.ADJ 形容词(电影)情节惊险刺激的;动作(片)的;动作片中的 An action movie is a film in which a lot of dangerous and exciting things happen. An action hero is the main character in one of these films. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n Stallone wants to break away from his action-hero image. 史泰龙想要摆脱动作明星的形象。 8.VERB 动词处理 If you action something that needs to be done, you deal with it. 【语法信息】:be V-ed 【搭配模式】:usu passive 【FIELD标签】:BUSINESS 商 Documents can be actioned, or filed immediately. 文件可被立即处理或归档。 9.PHRASE 短语(因受伤或损坏)不能工作,失去作用,无法运转 If someone or something is out of action, they are injured or damaged and cannot work or be used. 【搭配模式】:v-link PHR He's been out of action for 16 months with a serious knee injury... 由于膝部严重受伤,他已停工16个月。 They were trapped after the lifts went out of action. 电梯出现故障,他们被困在里面了。 10.PHRASE 短语(通常为了赚钱或提高影响力)插手,参与 If someone wants to have a piece of the action or a slice of the action, they want to take part in an exciting activity or situation, usually in order to make money or become more important. Holiday spots have seen a dramatic revival and tourist chiefs are competing for a slice of the action. 各个度假点重又呈现出一派兴旺景象,旅游业的龙头老大们都在争着分一杯羹。 11.PHRASE 短语把…付诸实践 If you put an idea or policy into action, you begin to use it or cause it to operate. 【搭配模式】:V inflects They have learned the lessons of business management theory, and put them into action. 他们不仅学习了商业管理理论方面的课程,并且学以致用。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] action /ˈækʃən/ noun plural actions 1 [count] : something that a person or group does行动,行为;活动 As its first official action [=act], the committee elected Ms. Jones as its president. 委员会的首次正式活动就是推选琼斯女士为主席。 He was critical of the government's actions before the war. 他对政府在战前的行为有所不满。 a military action against another country 针对他国的军事行动 criminal/illegal actions 犯罪/非法行为 She tried to explain/defend/justify her actions. 她极力为自己的行为做解释/辩护/辩解。 I accept full responsibility for my actions. 我为自己的行为承担全部责任。 — often used with take常与take连用 The school has been asked to take certain actions to fix the problem. 学校被要求采取行动解决问题。 This is just one of the many actions that they could have taken. 这只是他们本可采取的众多行动之一。 ◊ The saying actions speak louder than words means that the things that you do are more important than the things that you say.行动胜于言辞 They say they want peace, but actions speak louder than words. 他们说自己希望和平,但是行动胜于言辞。 2 [noncount] : things done to achieve a particular purpose行动;举动;措施 The situation demanded immediate action. 在那种形势下必须立刻采取行动。 The problem may require military action. 这一问题可能需要以军事行动来解决。 The school took disciplinary action against the drunken students. 这所学校对醉酒的学生给以纪律处分。 They decided that no further action was necessary. 他们决定不再采取进一步行动。 We need to agree on a plan of action. [=need to agree on what we will be doing] 我们需要达成一项行动计划。 What's the best course of action? [=what's the best way to proceed?] 最好的行动方案是什么? The protesters criticized the administration's lack of action [=inaction] on many issues. 抗议者批评政府在很多问题上都不作为。 — often used with take常与take连用 We were ready to take action. [=to do something] 我们已经准备采取措施。 Because the company failed to take action [=failed to act], many people were hurt. 由于公司未能采取行动,许多人受了伤。 The company took no action. 公司没有采取行动。 The police are now taking appropriate action. 警方现正采取适当的措施。 She's all talk and no action. [=she says that she will do things, but she does not do them] 她光说不做。 ◊ A man of action or woman of action is a man or woman who works in an active way to do things.实干家;行动派 He was a scholar and thinker but was also a man of action. 他是学者、思想家,同时也是实干家。 — see also affirmative action, political action committee 3 [noncount] : fighting that happens in a war战斗;作战 His unit first saw action [=fought in a battle] on June 20th. 他所在的分队于6月20日首次参加战斗。 soldiers who were killed or wounded in action [=in battle] 在战斗中死伤的士兵 soldiers who are missing in action [=soldiers who cannot be found after a battle and might have been killed, captured, or wounded] 在战斗中失踪的士兵 — see also in action (below) 4 the action : the most exciting or interesting activities that are happening in a particular place(发生在特定地点的)最激动人心的事,最有趣的活动 The new theater places the audience closer to the center/middle of the action. 新剧院把观众席设在更靠近演出中心的位置。 I moved to New York City to be (a) part of the action. 我搬到纽约市,成了繁华都市的一分子。 Downtown is where the action is. [=downtown is a very active and exciting place] 市中心是繁华的闹市区。 5 [noncount] a informal : a chance or opportunity to make money赚钱的机会 Do any of you guys want to get in on the action? [=participate in a plan to make money] 你们有谁想入伙一起赚一笔? ◊ A piece of the action or (chiefly US) a cut of the action or (chiefly Brit) a slice of the action is a portion or share of the money that can be earned from something.分一杯羹;捞一把 He saw that his friends were making money illegally, and he wanted to get a piece of the action. 看到朋友们在用非法手段赚钱,他也想捞一把。 b slang, sometimes offensive : sexual activity性交 I met a girl who was ready for some action. 我遇到一个女人,她愿意和我上床。 6 [noncount] : the events that happen in a story, movie, etc.(故事、电影等的)情节 Most of the play's action takes place in a restaurant. 剧中的大部分情节都发生在一家餐馆。 the action [=plot] of the novel 小说的情节 7 [noncount] : events that happen quickly and that cause feelings of danger and excitement惊险刺激的活动(或事件) The movie is two hours of nonstop action. [=excitement] 这部长达两个小时的电影充满了惊险和刺激。 We went out looking for action. 我们出去找乐子了。 That's when the action really starts. 真正激动人心的时刻到了。 — often used before another noun常用于另一名词前 action movies 动作片 the film's final action sequence 这部电影最后的动作场面 — see also live action 8 — used as a director's command to start filming part of a movie or television show开拍,开始(导演要求开始拍摄的口令) Lights, camera, action! 灯光,摄像,开拍! 9 law : the process of having a court of law make a decision about an argument诉讼;起诉 [count] The court dismissed the action. [=case, lawsuit] 法院驳回了那起诉讼。 She brought/filed an action against the company for damages. 她对那家公司提起诉讼要求赔偿损失。 civil actions [=lawsuits about a person's rights] 民事诉讼 [noncount] They are threatening/considering legal action. 他们正威胁/考虑要提起法律诉讼。 bringing/taking action against companies for damages 对公司提起诉讼要求赔偿损失 — see also class action 10 [noncount] : a process in which one thing causes a change in another thing作用;影响;效应 the action [=effect] of certain chemicals on the brain 某些化学品对大脑的影响 The medicine blocks the action of these proteins. [=it stops the proteins from working] 那种药物使这些蛋白质无法起作用。 The cave was formed by the action of an underground river. 这个洞穴是在地下河的作用下形成的。 11 : the way that something works or moves运转方式;功能 [noncount] Food is swallowed by the action of the tongue. 食物通过舌头吞咽下去。 the action of the heart 心脏的功能 the mechanical action of a pulley 滑轮的机械作用 the drill's twisting action 钻子的旋转功能 a single-action revolver 单动左轮手枪 [singular] The gears meshed with a smooth action. 齿轮啮合得很好。 in action : in the act of doing something : performing a usual job or function在活动;在运转;在起作用 We came to the court to see our country's judicial system in action. [=at work] 我们来到法院,了解我国司法制度的运转情况。 The fans have come to see their favorite players in action. 球迷来看他们最喜欢的球员打比赛。 After a two year break from baseball, he's finally back in action. [=he's playing baseball again] 离开棒球运动两年之后,他终于又回到了赛场上。 — see also action 3 (above) into action : to an active state实行;实施 They had already put the plan into action. [=started using the plan] 那时他们已经将计划付诸实施。 Firefighters are ready to leap/spring/swing into action [=quickly start working] at a moment's notice. 消防队员们随时待命。 ◊ When people or things are called into action, they are asked to start working or doing a particular task.奉命开始工作;执行任务 As a doctor, she can be called into action at any time of the day. 作为医生,她在一天的任何时候都有可能接到任务。 Our military unit was called into action at the start of the war. 我们分队在战争伊始就奉命参加战斗。 out of action : unable to perform a usual job or function : not in action不再工作;停止运转 He broke his leg and the doctors say that he'll be out of action [=out of commission] for at least a month. 他一条腿断了,医生说他至少一个月不能活动。 His broken leg will put/keep him out of action for at least a month. 他一条腿断了,至少得歇一个月。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • active

    ['æktɪv]     美 ['æktɪv]     adj. 活跃的;积极的;起作用的;灵活的 副词: actively 名词: activeness [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 active 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:15 /ˈæktɪv/ a. 积极的,主动的 高考真题原句选: He studied law after work and was active in politics. They'll keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day while pushing buttons, experimenting, and building. I drove over and saw the chick in the nest looking healthy and active. 二、习惯用语 active in 积极于 active role 积极任务;活跃角色 active part 积极的作用;能动部分,主动部分 active power 有功(有效)功率 active carbon 活性炭;活性炭黑 surface active 表面活性的 active ingredient 有效成分;活性组分 active participation 主动参与;积极参加 active agent 活性剂 active component 活性组分;有效元件;作用分量 surface active agent 表面活性剂 active service 现役 active oxygen 活性氧 active fault 活动断裂;活性断层 active learning 主动学习;积极学习 active substance 活性物质;放射性物质;有效物质 active suspension 主动制导悬架系统(一种由计算机控制的机动车悬架系统) active material [核物]活性物质,放射性材料 active network 有源网络 active member 积极成员;活跃会员 三、词义辨析 active, busy, diligent 这三个词意思比较接近,但含义不同:active侧重主动、活跃; busy侧重忙碌,没有时间; diligent侧重勤勉、用功。另外, active和diligent后多接in,而busy后多接with。 active, positive 这两个词都可译为“积极的”,其区别在于侧重点不同:active强调主观因素的作用; 而positive强调客观效果或影响。例如: It is important to bring all the positive factors into full play in the building of socialism.在社会主义建设事业中调动一切积极因素是很重要的。 For this project,I hope that everyone will make positive suggestions.对这项工程,希望大家提出积极建议。 active,energetic,vigorous,brisk,lively 这些形容词均有“积极的,活跃的”之意。 active指有活动能力,强调与消极或休止相反的积极活动状态。 energetic指精力充沛、奋力从事某事业。 vigorous指不仅表现积极、有生气,而且固有精力和活力十分旺盛。 brisk指动作敏捷、充满活力、轻快活泼地从事某项工作或活动。 lively侧重指轻快,机智,有生气。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·tive / 5Aktiv / adjective BUSY 忙碌 1. always busy doing things, especially physical activities (尤指体力上)忙碌的,活跃的: Although he's nearly 80, he is still very active. 尽管快 80 岁了,他还是十分活跃。 OPP inactive TAKING PART 参加 2. involved in sth; making a determined effort and not leaving sth to happen by itself 积极的: They were both politically active. 他们两人在政治上都很积极。 active involvement / participation / support / resistance 积极参与/参加/支持/抵抗 She takes an active part in school life. 她积极参加学校活动。 The parents were active in campaigning against cuts to the education budget. 学生家长积极参加反对削减教育预算的活动。 They took active steps to prevent the spread of the disease. 他们采取积极措施,防止疾病蔓延。 DOING AN ACTIVITY 活动 3. doing sth regularly; functioning 定期进行的;起作用的: sexually active teenagers 性欲旺盛的青少年 animals that are active only at night 仅在夜间活动的动物 The virus is still active in the blood. 这种病毒仍然在血液中起作用。 an active volcano (= likely to erupt ) 活火山 OPP inactive ⇨ compare dormant LIVELY 充满活力 4. lively and full of ideas 活跃的;(思想上)充满活力的: That child has a very active imagination. 那个小孩想像力十分丰富。 CHEMICAL 化学 5. having or causing a chemical effect 起化学作用的;有效的: What is the active ingredient in aspirin? 什么是阿司匹林中的有效成分? OPP inactive GRAMMAR 语法 6. connected with a verb whose subject is the person or thing that performs the action 主动语态的: In 'He was driving the car', the verb is active. 在 He was driving the car 一句中,动词是主动语态。 ⇨ compare passive • ac·tive·ly adv.: Your proposal is being actively considered. 你的提议正得到认真考虑。 She was actively looking for a job. 她在积极找工作。 noun (also 'active voice) [sing.] the form of a verb in which the subject is the person or thing that performs the action 主动语态 ⇨ compare passive [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] active1 /ˈæktɪv/ ●●● S2 W2 adjective 1  BUSY 忙碌的 always busy doing things, especially physical or mental activities 忙碌的;好动的,活跃的 OPP inactive games for active youngsters 活跃好动的年轻人玩的游戏 She’s over 80, but is still very active. 她80多岁了,但仍旧很活跃。 active life/lifestyle My father always led a very active life. 我父亲一直过着忙忙碌碌的生活。 active mind/imagination a child with a very active imagination 一个想象力很丰富的孩子 2  INVOLVED 参与的 involved in an organization or activity and doing lots of practical things to achieve your aims 积极的 He became politically active at college. 他上大学时开始积极参与政治活动。 be active in (doing) something The Bureau is active in promoting overseas investment. 该局积极促进海外投资。 take/play an active part/role in something Encourage students to take an active part in discussions. 要鼓励学生积极参与讨论。 She took an active interest in local charities. 她对当地慈善事业非常热衷。 active participation/involvement the importance of active participation by elderly people in the life of the community 老年人积极参与社区生活的重要性 We’re taking active steps (=doing practical things) to deal with the problem. 我们正在采取积极措施解决这个问题。 We maintain active links with other European universities. 我们与欧洲其他大学保持积极联系。 active member/supporter He is an active member of the Labour Party. 他是工党的积极分子。 3  FUNCTIONING 起作用 operating in a way that is normal or expected 起作用的 OPP inactive The virus is active even at low temperatures. 这种病毒即使在低温下也有活性。 4  DOING STH 做某事 doing something regularly 定期进行的,活跃的 sexually active teenagers 经常有性行为的青少年 5  VOLCANO 火山 an active volcano is likely to erupt (=explode) at any time 活的,随时会爆发的 The volcano became active last year with a series of eruptions. 这座火山去年活跃起来,喷发了好几次。 6. GRAMMAR 语法 an active verb or sentence has the person or thing doing the action as its subject. In ‘The boy kicked the ball’, the verb ‘kick’ is active 〔动词或句子〕主动的 → passive1(2) 7  CHEMICAL 化学的 producing a chemical reaction 起化学反应的 nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco 烟草中的活性成分尼古丁 —actively adv Carol was actively involved in the local sports club. 卡罗尔积极参加当地体育俱乐部的活动。 active2 noun the active the active form of a verb, for example ‘destroyed’ in the sentence ‘Enemy planes destroyed the village.’ 主动语态 → passive2 Origin active1 (1300-1400) Latin activus, from agere; → ACT1 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] active ★★★★☆ 1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词忙碌的;活跃的 Someone who is active moves around a lot or does a lot of things. Having an active youngster about the house can be quite wearing. 家里有个好动的小孩会是相当累人的。 ...a long and active life. 漫长而忙碌的一生 2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词(思想等)活跃的 If you have an active mind or imagination, you are always thinking of new things. ...the tragedy of an active mind trapped by failing physical health. 因为健康状况衰退而思维受阻的悲剧 3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词积极(参与)的 If someone is active in an organization, cause, or campaign, they do things for it rather than just giving it their support. 【搭配模式】:oft ADJ prep ...a chance for fathers to play a more active role in childcare... 让父亲们更积极地参与育婴的机会 I am an active member of the Conservative Party... 我是保守党的积极分子。 He is active on Tyler's behalf. 他为泰勒积极奔忙。 actively They actively campaigned for the vote. 他们积极参加竞选运动。 4.ADJ 形容词积极的;主动的 Active is used to emphasize that someone is taking action in order to achieve something, rather than just hoping for it or achieving it in an indirect way. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n 【语用信息】:emphasis Companies need to take active steps to increase exports. 各公司需要采取积极措施增加出口。 ...active discouragement from teachers. 教师们的竭力阻挠 actively They have never been actively encouraged to take such risks. 他们从未被撺掇去冒这样的风险。 ...the White House says the president is not actively considering such a move. 白宫说总统对这样的举措并不作积极考虑。 5.ADJ 形容词定期进行的;活动的 If you say that a person or animal is active in a particular place or at a particular time, you mean that they are performing their usual activities or performing a particular activity. 【搭配模式】:usu v-link ADJ Guerrilla groups are active in the province. 游击队在该省很活跃。 ...animals which are active at night. 夜行动物 ...men who are sexually active. 性欲旺盛的男人们 6.ADJ 形容词(火山)活的 An active volcano has erupted recently or is expected to erupt quite soon. 【搭配模式】:usu ADJ n ...molten lava from an active volcano. 活火山喷出的熔岩 7.ADJ 形容词起化学(或生物)作用的;活性的;有效的 An active substance has a chemical or biological effect on things. 【搭配模式】:usu ADJ n The active ingredient in some of the mouthwashes was simply detergent. 某些漱口剂中的有效成分只不过是洗涤剂而已。 8.N-SING 单数名词(语法中的)主动语态 In grammar, the active or the active voice means the forms of a verb which are used when the subject refers to a person or thing that does something. For example, in 'I saw her yesterday', the verb is in the active. 【搭配模式】:the N [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] active /ˈæktɪv/ adjective 1 [more active; most active] : doing things that require physical movement and energy活动的;活跃的 We stay/keep active during the cold winter months by skiing and ice skating. 在寒冬时节,我们通过滑雪和溜冰来保持活力。 Despite her age, she has been able to maintain her active [=busy] lifestyle. 虽然年事已高,她仍然坚持过以前那样的忙碌生活。 Cats are most active [=energetic, lively] at night. 猫在夜间最活跃。 2 [more active; most active] a : involved in the activities of a group or organization积极的;参与的 We are active members of our church. 我们是本地教会的积极分子 While many give money to the organization, only a few are active participants. 虽然很多人给这家机构捐钱但是积极参加活动的并不多。 : participating in an action or activity参与的 She was politically active as a volunteer for her state representative. 她作为自己州议会众议员选举的志愿者,在政治上很活跃。 — often + in They were active in the antiwar movement of the 1960s. 他们积极参加20世纪60年代的反战活动。 active in women's causes 积极参加妇女事业 b : involving action or participation积极的;主动的 They take an active interest in their children's education. 他们非常关心孩子的教育。 He has taken/played a more active role in the production of this album. 他在这张专辑的制作过程中发挥了更大的作用。 3 : marked by regular action or use活动的;常用的 the bank's active and inactive accounts 银行的交易频繁账户和呆滞账户 He became sexually active [=he began having sex] at the age of 21. 他在21岁就开始有性生活了。 4 of a volcano : likely to explode violently or produce fire and hot liquid rock : capable of erupting(火山)活的,可喷发的 Most volcanoes on this island are still active but a few are inactive. 这座岛上的大多数火山仍然是活火山,少数是休眠火山。 5 of a disease : becoming worse or continuing to have bad effects(疾病)恶化的,持续发展的 active tuberculosis 持续性肺结核 The disease remains active throughout the patient's life. 那种病困扰了病人的一生。 6 : having a chemical effect especially on the body有效的;活性的 The medicine has two active ingredients. 这种药物含有两种有效成分。 the active ingredient in/of marijuana 大麻的有效成分 7 a US : involving service in the military as a main job服役的 After two years of active duty [=two years of being a full-time member of the military] she entered the reserves. 两年现役后,她转入了后备部队。 She was on active duty for two years. 她服了两年的兵役。 b : involving fighting in a war as a member of the military参战的;作战的 He saw no active service [=he did not fight in any battles] during his time in the army. 他在部队服役期间没有参加过任何战斗。 He was on active service in three separate wars. 他参加过三场战争。 soldiers returning home from active service 从战场上返家的士兵 8 grammar a of a verb or voice : showing that the subject of a sentence is the one doing the action expressed by the verb(动词或语态)主动的 “Picked” in “I picked the apples” is an active verb because it shows that the subject “I” is the one who picked the apples. 在句子I picked the apples中,picked是主动语态,因为它表明主语I是摘苹果的人。 “Hits” in “She hits the ball” is active, while “hit” in “The ball was hit” is passive. 在句子She hits the ball中,hits是主动语态;而在句子The ball was hit中,hit是被动语态。 ◊ The active voice is a way of writing or speaking that uses active verbs.主动语态是一种用主动动词写作或讲话的方式。 The sentence “The birds are singing” is written in the active voice. 句子The birds are singing用的是主动语态。 — compare passive b of a verb : expressing action rather than describing the state of something(动词)表动作的,表行为的 Words like “walk,” “sing,” and “eat” are active verbs. 像walk sing和eat之类的词都是行为动词。 In the sentence “Look at this picture,” the verb “look” is active. 在句子Look at this picture中,look是行为动词。 — actively adverb They participate actively in their church. 他们积极参加教会活动。 actively involved in a conversation 积极参加谈论 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • activity

    [æk'tɪvɪtɪ]     美 [æk'tɪvəti]     n. 活动;活跃 名词复数: activities [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 activity 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:14 /ækˈtɪvɪtɪ/ n. activities 19 活动 高考真题原句选: Reading can be a social activity. There are usually no planned activities like games at a housewarming party. The magazine covers the choices people make about their homes, their clothes and their free time activities. 二、习惯用语 economic activity 经济活动 catalytic activity 催化活性 physical activity 身体活动,体育活动;体力活动 biological activity 生物活性 enzyme activity 酶活力 business activity 商业活动,经济活动;业务活动 social activity 社会行动 brain activity 大脑活动 sexual activity 性活动;性行为 seismic activity 地震活动;地震活动性 antimicrobial activity 抗菌活性;抗菌能力;抗微生物活性 volcanic activity 火山活动;火山活动性 electrical activity 电活动,脑电活动 enzymatic activity 酶活性;酶活力 practical activity 实践活动 solar activity 太阳活动;太阳活动性 water activity 水分活度;水分活性 marketing activity 销售活动 outdoor activity 户外活动,室外活动 activity level 活动级;活动程度 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·tiv·ity / Ak5tivEti / noun (pl. -ies) 1. [U] a situation in which sth is happening or a lot of things are being done 活动;热闹状况;活跃: economic activity 经济活动 The streets were noisy and full of activity. 街上熙熙攘攘,车水马龙。 Muscles contract and relax during physical activity. 身体活动时肌肉收缩放松。 ⇨ compare inactivity at inactive 2. [C, usually pl.] a thing that you do for interest or pleasure, or in order to achieve a particular aim (为兴趣、娱乐或达到一定目的而进行的)活动: leisure / outdoor / classroom activities 休闲/户外/课堂活动 The club provides a wide variety of activities including tennis, swimming and squash. 这家俱乐部的活动丰富多彩,诸如网球、游泳、壁球等。 illegal / criminal activities 不法/犯罪活动 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] activity /ækˈtɪvəti/ ●●● S2 W1 noun (plural activities) 1  [countable, uncountable] things that people do, especially in order to achieve a particular aim 〔尤指为达到一定目的而进行的〕活动 Everyone is free to engage in peaceful political activity. 每个人都可以自由参加和平的政治活动。 fund-raising activities 筹款活动 Regular physical activity helps to control your weight. 定期参加体育活动有助于控制体重。 2  [countable usually plural] something that you do because you enjoy it 〔出于爱好的〕活动 leisure activities 休闲活动 outdoor activities such as hiking or climbing 如远足、爬山等户外活动 3  [uncountable] a situation in which a lot of things are happening or a lot of things are being done 活跃,热闹;活动 The office was suddenly full of frantic activity. 办公室里一下子紧张忙碌起来。 The farm was always a hive of activity at this time of year. 每年这个时候农场里都是一派繁忙景象。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] activity ★★★★☆ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词热闹状况;活跃 Activity is a situation in which a lot of things are happening or being done. ...an extraordinary level of activity in the government bonds market. 政府公债市场异常活跃 ...the electrical activity of the brain. 脑电波的活动 2.N-COUNT 可数名词活动 An activity is something that you spend time doing. You can take part in activities from canoeing to bird watching. 你可以参与从划独木舟到观鸟等各种活动。 3.N-PLURAL 复数名词(团体为达到某种目的而采取的)活动,行动 The activities of a group are the things that they do in order to achieve their aims. 【搭配模式】:with supp ...a jail term for terrorist activities... 因参与恐怖活动而被判的刑期 On April 29, the activities of the company were suspended on the orders of the Bank of England. 4月29日,奉英国银行之命,该公司的各项活动被暂停。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] activity /ækˈtɪvəti/ noun plural activities 1 [noncount] : the state of being active热闹状况;活跃的气氛 The holidays always set off a lot of activity in our home. 我们家假日里总是很热闹。 : behavior or actions of a particular kind活动;行动;行为 the sexual activity of married couples 已婚夫妇的性行为 The police are now monitoring criminal/gang/drug activity in the area. 警方正在监视这一地区的犯罪/帮派/毒品活动。 There has been an increase in the city's (level of) economic activity. 这一城市的经济活动水平已有所提高。 She gets at least 30 minutes of physical activity every day. 她每天至少进行30分钟的体育活动 The instruments are used to detect volcanic activity on the island. 这些仪器是用来探测岛上火山活动情况的。 2 [count] : something that is done as work or for a particular purpose活动;工作— usually plural通常用复数 Grandma needs help with her everyday/daily activities. 奶奶的日常起居需要有人照料。 business activities 商务活动 political activities 政治活动 They were accused of financing the group's illegal activities. 他们被控向该组织的非法活动提供资金。 3 [count] : something that is done for pleasure and that usually involves a group of people消遣活动;集体娱乐活动 We planned an activity for the children. 我们给孩子们安排了一项娱乐活动。 — usually plural通常用复数 The camp offers hiking, swimming, and other recreational activities. 露营包括了徒步旅行、游泳以及其他娱乐活动。 social activities 社交活动 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • actor

    ['æktə(r)]     美 ['æktər] n. 演员;行动者 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 actor 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:13 /ˈæktə(r)/ /ˈæktər/ n. actors 6 男演员,行动者,参与者 高考真题原句提选: Simon is a comedian and actor who has 10 years’ experience of teaching comedy. The director shouted something to the camera operator and then went to speak to the two famous actors nearby. 二、习惯用语 best actor 最佳男主角;最佳男演员 leading actor 主角,主要演员 supporting actor 最佳男配角 best supporting actor 最佳男配角 film actor 男电影明星 character actor 性格演员 a bad actor [口]坏蛋;[口]危险分子 三、词义辨析 actor,player,performer 这些名词均有“演员”之意 actor指在舞台剧、电影、电视剧或广播剧中以演出为职业的男演员,侧重扮演的角色。 player侧重指职业或业余舞台演员。 performer使用广泛,不仅可指舞台或影视演员,而且可指舞蹈演员、乐器演奏等的演员,侧重在观众面前的实际表演。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actor / 5AktE(r) / noun a person who performs on the stage, on television or in films / movies, especially as a profession 演员 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actor /ˈæktə $ -ər/ ●●● W3 noun [countable] someone who performs in a play or film 演员 leading/principal actor She has starred with many leading actors. 她曾与许多大牌演员一起担任主角。 character actor (=an actor who takes unusual or interesting roles) 性格演员 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actor ★★★☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词演员(单数形式的actor通常指男演员,但有些女演员喜欢被称为actor而不是actress) An actor is someone whose job is acting in plays or films. 'Actor' in the singular usually refers to a man, but some women who act prefer to be called 'actors' rather than 'actresses'. His father was an actor in the Cantonese Opera Company... 他的父亲是粤剧团的演员。 You have to be a very good actor to play that part. 要想演那个角色,你必须是个非常出色的演员。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actor /ˈæktɚ/ noun plural actors [count] : a person who acts in a play, movie, etc.演员 Usage用法Actor is often used to refer specifically to a man or boy who acts.*Actor常用于专指男演员。 He's a talented actor, and his wife is a well-known actress. 他是个很有天赋的男演员,他的妻子是著名的女演员。 Actor can also refer to a woman or girl, and many women now prefer this use.*Actor也可指女性,且现在这一用法受到许多女性的青睐。 His wife is also an actor. 他的妻子也是一名演员。 The plural form actors is used for groups that include both men and women.复数形式actors是统称,既包括男演员,也包括女演员。 She and her husband are both talented actors. 她和丈夫都是很有天赋的演员。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • actress

    ['æktrəs]     美 ['æktrəs]     n. 女演员 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 actress 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:2 /ˈæktrɪs/ n. actresses 0 女演员 高考真题原句提选: An actor and actress stood in front of the scene so that they looked as if they were at the water's edge on an island. But in the past they were typically aimed at the ordinary consumers, and limited to a few TV actresses. 二、习惯用语 actresses n. 女演员(actress的复数) best actress 最佳女主角;最佳女演员 Millennium Actress 千年女优(日本动画导演今敏最经典的代表作) child actress 女童星 leading actress 女主角 film actress 电影女演员 chief actress 女主角 supporting actress 女配角;最佳女配角 best supporting actress 最佳女配角 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·tress / 5AktrEs / noun a woman who performs on the stage, on television or in films / movies, especially as a profession 女演员 HELP Many women now prefer to be called actors, although when the context is not clear, an actor is usually understood to refer to a man. 虽然在上下文不明确时 actor 通常指男演员,但是现在很多女演员都喜欢被称为 actor。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actress /ˈæktrɪs/ ●●● W3 noun [countable] a woman who performs in a play or film 女演员► see thesaurus at actor [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actress ★★★☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词女演员 An actress is a woman whose job is acting in plays or films. She's a very great dramatic actress. 她是一个非常了不起的戏剧演员。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actress /ˈæktrəs/ noun plural actresses [count] : a woman or girl who acts in a play, movie, etc. : a female actor女演员 Usage see: actor Usage see: actor [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • actually

    ['æktʃuəli]     美 ['æktʃuəli]     adv. 实际上;事实上;竟然(表示惊讶) [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 actually 高中必修500 全国卷频次:39 教材出处:译林版必修B2U1 /ˈæktʃuəlɪ, ˈæktʃəlɪ/ ad. 实际上,真的;竟然 高考真题原句选: I could see them actually walking under the sea. 二、习惯用语 Love Actually 真爱至上(喜剧名) 三、词义辨析 indeed,really,truly,actually 这些副词均有“确实地、真正地”之意。 indeed一般用于肯定或证实对方所说的话,多承接前言,也用来加强或肯定自己说话的语气。 really主要用于强调与事实或现实不相违背,也可表示不快、惊奇或某种含蓄的怀疑。 truly强调客观存在的真实性,没有任何虚假。 actually侧重于实际的事,而不是凭空想象或推测的事。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ac·tu·al·ly / 5AktFuEli / adverb 1. used in speaking to emphasize a fact or a comment, or that sth is really true (在口语中用于强调事实)的确,真实地,事实上: What did she actually say? 她到底是怎么说的? It's not actually raining now. 其实现在并没有下雨。 That's the only reason I'm actually going. 这是我确实要走的唯一理由。 There are lots of people there who can actually help you. 那里有很多人可以真正帮上你的忙。 I didn't want to say anything without actually reading the letter first. 在未确实读信之前我什么也不想说。 2. used to show a contrast between what is true and what sb believes, and to show surprise about this contrast (表示想法与事实不一致因而惊奇)居然,竟然: It was actually quite fun after all. 这居然还很有趣。 The food was not actually all that expensive. 食品居然并不那么昂贵。 Our turnover actually increased last year. 去年我们的营业额竟然增加了。 3. used to correct sb in a polite way (礼貌地纠正他人)实际上,事实上: We're not American, actually. We're Canadian. 实际上我们不是美国人。我们是加拿大人。 Actually, it would be much more sensible to do it later. 事实上,以后再办这件事可能要明智得多。 They're not married, actually. 他们实际上没有结婚。 4. used to get sb's attention, to introduce a new topic or to say sth that sb may not like, in a polite way (礼貌地引起注意、转换话题、直言)确实,说实在的: Actually, I'll be a bit late home. 说真的,我回家会晚一点。 Actually, I'm busy at the moment—can I call you back? 说实在的,我这会儿正忙——我可以给你回电话吗? [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actual /ˈæktʃuəl/ ●●● S1 W2 adjective [only before noun] 1  used to emphasize that something is real or exact 实际的,真实的 I’m not joking. Those were his actual words. 我没开玩笑,那都是他的原话。 I know Germany won, but I can’t tell you the actual score. 我知道德国队胜了,但我不知道确切的比分。 Interest is only charged on the actual amount borrowed. 利息只按实际借款额收取。 In actual fact (=really), there is little evidence to support the allegations. 事实上,这些指控几乎没有证据支持。 Do not use actual to mean ‘at the present time’. Use current or present: the current (NOT actual) economic policy 表示“现在”的意思不要用 actual. 而要用 current 或 present: the current (NOT actual) economic policy 当前的经济政策 2  the actual something used to introduce the most important part of an event or activity 真正的某事物,某事物本身 The programme starts at 8.00 but the actual film doesn’t start until 8.30. 节目8点开始,但电影本身要到8点半才放映。 Origin actual (1300-1400) Old French actuel, from Late Latin actualis, from Latin actus; → ACT1 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actually ★★★★★ 1.ADV 副词的确;真实地;事实上 You use actually to indicate that a situation exists or happened, or to emphasize that it is true. 【搭配模式】:ADV before v 【语用信息】:emphasis One afternoon, I grew bored and actually fell asleep for a few minutes... 一天下午,我觉得有些无聊,还真的睡着了一小会儿。 Interest is only payable on the amount actually borrowed. 利息只能根据实际借款数目给付。 2.ADV 副词(用于纠正他人或表示反对)实际上,事实上 You use actually when you are correcting or contradicting someone. 【搭配模式】:ADV with cl 【语用信息】:emphasis No, I'm not a student. I'm a doctor, actually... 不,我不是学生。实际上我是医生。 'So it's not a family show then?' —'Well, actually, I think that's exactly what it is.' “那么这并不是一次家庭才艺表演了?”——“嗯,事实上我觉得这恰恰就是一次家庭才艺表演。” 3.ADV 副词(礼貌地表达与他人的期待所不同的观点)说实在的,说真的 You can use actually when you are politely expressing an opinion that other people might not have expected from you. 【搭配模式】:ADV with cl 【语用信息】:politeness 'Do you think it's a good idea to socialize with one's patients?' — 'Actually, I do, I think it's a great idea.' “你认为和自己的病人交朋友的想法好吗?”——“说实在的,我认为很好,这个想法很棒。” I would be surprised, actually, if he left Birmingham. 如果他要离开伯明翰,说真的,我会很惊讶。 4.ADV 副词(引入新话题)其实,说实在的 You use actually to introduce a new topic into a conversation. 【搭配模式】:ADV with cl Well actually, John, I rang you for some advice... 这么说吧,约翰,我给你打电话是想得到些建议。 Actually, let's just read this little bit where you've made them bump into each other. 这样吧,我们就只读你让他们偶遇这一小段吧。 Usage Note : Note that actually and really are both used to emphasize statements. Actually is used to emphasize what is true or genuine in a situation, often when this is surprising, or a contrast with what has just been said. All the characters in the novel actually existed... He actually began to cry. It can also be used to be precise or to correct someone. No one was actually drunk... We couldn't actually see the garden. You use really in conversation to emphasize something that you are saying. I really think he's sick. When you use really in front of an adjective or adverb, it has a similar meaning to 'very'. This is really serious. 注意,actually和really都用于强调。actually用于强调情况的真实性,往往是在出人意料或跟刚刚所说的话形成对照的情况下使用。例如:All the characters in the novel actually existed(这部小说中所有人物都确有其人),He actually began to cry(他真的哭了起来)。actually也可用于加强准确性或纠正别人。例如:No one was actually drunk(没有人真的喝醉了),We couldn't actually see the garden(我们其实看不到花园)。really可用于对话中强调说话内容:I really think he's sick(我确实认为他生病了)。really用于形容词和副词之前时,意思与very相近:This is really serious (这非常严重)。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] actually /ˈæktʃəwəli/ adverb 1 — used to refer to what is true or real实际上;事实上 I don't know what actually [=really] happened. 我不知道实际发生了什么。 After all these months, it's hard to believe that we're actually [=really, truly] finished. 真难相信经过这几个月之后我们真的完成了。 2 — used to stress that a statement is true especially when it differs in some way from what might have been thought or expected其实;事实上 We'd actually planned to leave early, but we were delayed. 我们原本打算早点出发,但给耽误了。 I wasn't worried about being late. Actually, I didn't want to go at all. 我不怕迟到。其实,我根本就不想去。 I didn't think I'd like the movie, but it was actually pretty good. 我以为我不会喜欢这部电影,但后来发现它其实很不错。 I was shocked to learn he could actually fly a plane. 得知他居然会开飞机,我很吃惊。 I could hardly believe it when she actually apologized to me. 她居然向我道歉了,我简直难以相信。 “I like your new glasses.” “Thanks, but actually I've had them for almost a year.” “我喜欢你的新眼镜。”“谢谢,不过其实我戴这副眼镜已经快一年了。” [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • AD

    [ˌeɪ'diː]     美 [ˌeɪ'diː]     abbr. 广告 (=advertisement) abbr. 公元(=Anno Domini) [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 真题好句 AD 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:7 /ˌeɪˈdiː/ abbr. 公元 高考真题原句提选: In 105 AD paper was invented in China. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad ad / Ad / noun (informal) = advertisement : We put an ad in the local paper. 我们在当地报纸上登了一则广告。 an ad for a new chocolate bar 新品种巧克力的广告 ⇨ see also banner ad AD AD (BrE) (NAmE A.D.) / 7ei 5di: / abbreviation used in the Christian calendar to show a particular number of years since the year when Christ was believed to have been born (from Latin 'Anno Domini') 公元(源自拉丁语 Anno Domini): in (the year) AD 55 公元 55 年 in 55 AD 公元 55 年 in the fifth century AD 公元五世纪 ⇨ compare AH , BC , BCE , CE [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad /æd/ ●●● S3 W3 noun [countable] → add informal an advertisement 广告 → classified ad► see thesaurus at advertisement Related topics: Chronology AD British English, A.D. American English /ˌeɪ ˈdiː/ ●●○ (Anno Domini) used to show that a date is a particular number of years after the birth of Christ 公元 SYN CE, → BC the first century AD 公元1世纪 54 AD 公元54年 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] AD 1.N-COUNT 可数名词广告 An ad is an advertisement. 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 She replied to a lonely hearts ad. 她回应了一则征友广告。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] AD 1.N-COUNT 可数名词广告 An ad is an advertisement. 【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式 She replied to a lonely hearts ad. 她回应了一则征友广告。 ad /ˈæd/ noun plural ads [count] : advertisement I saw your ad in the newspaper. 我看到了你在报纸上登的广告。 radio/television ads 电台/电视广告 (chiefly US) She works for an ad agency [=advertising agency] in New York. 她在纽约一家广告公司工作。 — see also want ad AD abbreviation or chiefly US A.D. — used to refer to the years since the birth of Christ公元(耶稣基督诞生后的年份) 550 A.D. = A.D. 550 公元550年 the first century A.D.A D. 公元一世纪 in the year 823 A.D. 公元823年 ◊ A.D. stands for the Latin phrase anno Domini, which means “in the year of the Lord.”*AD.源自拉丁语anno Domini,意为“主的诞生年”。 — compare b.c., b.c.e., c.e. [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adapt

    [ə'dæpt]     美 [ə'dæpt]     vt. 改编;使适应 vi. 适应;适合 过去式: adapted 过去分词: adapted 现在分词: adapting 第三人称单数: adapts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adapt 高中必修500 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版必修B2U1 /əˈdæpt/ v. adapts 0 adapting 0 adapted 2 使适应,适应;改编 高考真题原句选: People in Ethiopian highlands have adapted to living at high altitudes. The best apps adapt themselves based upon your behavior. 二、词根记忆 adapt vt. 使適應,使適合;改編;改寫vi.適應You should adapt yourself to the new class.你應該適應新班級. 適應(ad+apt能力→有適應能力)[ad-加在在單詞或詞根前,表示"做…,加強…"] 使適應,適應(環境)(ad一再+apt→一再適應(環境))[opt,ept=fit,ability,表示"適應,能力"] 三、词义辨析 adapt, compile, edit, redact, revise, rewrite 这组词都可表示“为出版/发表做准备”。它们之间的区别是: edit含义较广,指出版前的全部编辑工作; adapt指为了适合某类读者需要或便于对原件作大幅度修改,使其成为另一种体裁、形式; compile指编辑词典或编汇文集,暗示担任搜集、整理和编排的工作; redact指编纂文学作品的原稿或历史文稿,以便出版或使用,也指拟定公告、通告等; revise指校订原稿或修订较早的版本; rewrite指报社编辑等对材料的改写或加工,也指一般的修改工作。 adapt, fit 这两个词的共同意思是“(使)适应”“(使)适合”。其区别是: 1.fit还可用作名词和形容词,而adapt只能用作动词。 2.adapt强调适应新的情况、要求、目的、境遇等,而fit指某物形状、大小、尺寸适合于某人或某物。例如: The chameleon adapts to its surroundings by changing color.变色蜥蜴用变色来适应环境。 This dress doesn't fit me any more.这件衣服再也不合我的身了。 3.adapt的对象由介词for或to引出; fit的对象由for引出。例如: The novel has been adapted for the stage.这本小说已改编成剧本。 He quickly adapted to the climate in the high mountains.他很快就适应了高山气候。 Her experience and abilities fit her admirably for the job.凭她的经验和才能她非常适合胜任这项工作。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adapt / E5dApt / verb 1. [VN] ~ sth (for sth) to change sth in order to make it suitable for a new use or situation 使适应,使适合(新用途、新情况) SYN modify : Most of these tools have been specially adapted for use by disabled people. 这些工具多数已经过特别改装,供残疾人使用。 These styles can be adapted to suit individual tastes. 这些式样可以修改,以适应个人不同爱好。 2. ~ (yourself) (to sth) to change your behaviour in order to deal more successfully with a new situation 适应(新情况) SYN adjust : ▪ [V] We have had to adapt quickly to the new system. 我们不得不迅速适应了新制度。 A large organization can be slow to adapt to change. 大机构可能应变迟缓。 The organisms were forced to adapt in order to survive. 生物被迫适应,以求生存。 It's amazing how soon you adapt. 你这么快就适应了,真是令人惊奇。 ▪ [VN] It took him a while to adapt himself to his new surroundings. 他过了好一阵子才适应了新环境。 3. [VN] ~ sth (for sth) (from sth) to change a book or play so that it can be made into a play, film / movie, television programme, etc. 改编;改写: Three of her novels have been adapted for television. 她的长篇小说中有三部已改编成电视节目。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adapt /əˈdæpt/ ●●○ W3 verb 1  [intransitive, transitive] to gradually change your behaviour and attitudes in order to be successful in a new situation (使)适应,(使)适合 adapt to The children are finding it hard to adapt to the new school. 孩子们觉得很难适应新学校。 flowers which are well adapted to harsh winters 非常适应严冬的花 The ability to adapt is a definite asset in this job. 适应能力是做这份工作的绝对有利条件。 adapt yourself/itself etc (to something) How do these insects adapt themselves to new environments? 这些昆虫是如何适应新环境的? 2  [transitive] to change something to make it suitable for a different purpose 改造,改装 adapt something to do something The car has been adapted to take unleaded gas. 这辆车经改装可以使用无铅汽油。 adapt something for somebody These teaching materials can be adapted for older children. 这些教材可以修改一下供大龄孩子使用。 3  [transitive] if a book or play is adapted for film, television etc, it is changed so that it can be made into a film, television programme etc 改编,改写 → adaptation be adapted for something Many children buy books after they have been adapted for television. 许多小孩子都是在书被改编成电视剧之后才去买的。 —adapted adjective She lives in a specially adapted flat. 她住在一间专门改造过的公寓里。 Origin adapt (1400-1500) French adapter, from Latin adaptare, from ad- “to” + aptare “to make fit”, from aptus; → APT [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adapt ★★☆☆☆ 1.VERB 动词适应 If you adapt to a new situation or adapt yourself to it, you change your ideas or behaviour in order to deal with it successfully. 【语法信息】:V to n 【语法信息】:V pron-refl to n 【语法信息】:Also V The world will be different, and we will have to be prepared to adapt to the change... 世界会变得不同,我们必须做好准备以适应其变化。 They have had to adapt themselves to a war economy. 他们不得不适应战时经济。 2.VERB 动词使适合,使适应(新用途或新情况) If you adapt something, you change it to make it suitable for a new purpose or situation. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:Also V n to n Shelves were built to adapt the library for use as an office. 为将图书馆改作办公室而做了一些架子。 3.VERB 动词改编;改写 If you adapt a book or play, you change it so that it can be made into a film or a television programme. 【语法信息】:V n The scriptwriter helped him to adapt his novel for the screen... 编剧帮助他将其所著小说改编成电影。 The film has been adapted from a play of the same title. 电影改编自一部同名戏剧。 4.See also:adapted; [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adapt /əˈdæpt/ verb adapts; adapted; adapting 1 : to change your behavior so that it is easier to live in a particular place or situation适应 [no object] When children go to a different school, it usually takes them a while to adapt. 孩子们转到新学校通常需要一段时间才能适应。 — usually + to These fish all adapt easily to colder water. 这些鱼都能很快适应温度更低的水。 She has adapted to college life quite easily. 她已经很轻松地适应了大学生活。 [+ object] She has adapted herself to college life quite easily. 她已经很轻松地适应了大学生活。 2 [+ object] : to change (something) so that it functions better or is better suited for a purpose改变;调整;使适合 The teachers adapted [=modified] the curriculum so that students of all abilities will benefit from it. 老师们对课程进行了调整以使禀赋各异的学生都能从中获益。 The camera has been adapted for underwater use. 这台相机已经经过了改装以适应水下工作。 The clock was adapted to run on batteries. 这个时钟被改成电池驱动了。 3 [+ object] : to change (a movie, book, play, etc.) so that it can be presented in another form改编(电影、书、戏剧等) He adapted the novel for the stage. [=he rewrote the novel as a play] 他将小说改编成了剧本。 The movie was adapted from the book of the same title. 这部影片改编自同名书。 adapting the movie for television 把电影改编成电视节目 collins双解词典 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adaptation

    [ˌædæp'teɪʃn]   美 [ˌædæp'teɪʃn]     n. 改编;改编成的作品;适应;【心】(感官)适应,适应性变化 形容词: adaptational 副词: adaptationally [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adaptation 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:3 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U2 /ˌædæpˈteɪʃən/ n. adaptations 1 适应;改编,改写本 高考真题原句选: On Thursday in an article published in Cell, a team of researchers reported a new kind of adaptation—not to air or to food, but to the ocean. These include custom-made navigation (导航) tools, night vision systems and intelligent speed adaptations. 二、词根记忆 adaptation 適應,(書)改寫本(adapt+ation→適應→適應(各種人)的書→改寫本)[opt,ept=fit,ability,表示"適應,能力"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adap·ta·tion / 7AdAp5teiFn / (also less frequent adap·tion / E5dApFn / ) noun 1. [C] a film / movie, book or play that is based on a particular piece of work but that has been changed for a new situation 改编本;改写本: a screen adaptation of Shakespeare's 'Macbeth' 莎士比亚悲剧《麦克佩斯》的电影改写本 2. [U] the process of changing sth, for example your behaviour, to suit a new situation 适应: the adaptation of desert species to the hot conditions 沙漠物种对炎热环境的适应 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adaptation /ˌædæpˈteɪʃən/ AWL (also adaption /əˈdæpʃən/) noun 1  [countable] a film or television programme that is based on a book or play 改编版 adaptation of the BBC adaptation of the best-selling book 那本畅销书的英国广播公司改编版 television/film/stage etc adaptation He’s working on a screen adaptation of his latest novel. 他在把自己的最新小说改编成电影。 2  [uncountable] formal the process of changing something to make it suitable for a new situation 适应 adaptation to adaptation to the environment 适应环境 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adaptation ★☆☆☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词(电影或电视的)改写本,改编本 An adaptation of a book or play is a film or a television programme that is based on it. ...Branagh's screen adaptation of Shakespeare's Henry the Fifth. 布拉纳改编自莎士比亚的《亨利五世》的影片 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词适应;作出调整 Adaptation is the act of changing something or changing your behaviour to make it suitable for a new purpose or situation. Most living creatures are capable of adaptation when compelled to do so. 大多数生物都能在迫于压力的情况下适应新环境。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adaptation /ˌæˌdæpˈteɪʃən/ noun plural adaptations 1 [count] : something that is adapted especially : a movie, book, play, etc., that is changed so that it can be presented in another form被改变的事物;(尤指电影、书、戏剧等的)改写本,改编本 His stage adaptation of the novel was a success.. 他根据小说改编成的舞台剧很成功。 The film is an adaptation of a book of the same title. 这部影片改编自同名书。 2 [count] : a change in a plant or animal that makes it better able to live in a particular place or situation(动植物的)适应性 The insect's evolutionary adaptations enable it to be almost invisible even when sitting in the middle of a leaf. 这种昆虫在进化过程中形成了很强的适应能力,即使趴在树叶正中也很难被发现。 3 [noncount] : the process of changing to fit some purpose or situation : the process of adapting适应(过程) a tool designed for easy adaptation 多用工具 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • add

    [æd]     美 [æd] v. 加;增加;补充 形容词: addable 过去式: added 过去分词: added 现在分词: adding 第三人称单数: adds [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 add 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:15 /æd/ v. adds 1 adding 7 added 14 补充,添加,增加;说明 高考真题原句提选: Clothes markets in the city have added bright colored ski suits to their winter collections. “My friends said: ‘Now we believe your stories,’” Welty added. He added that the theater’s location was also a reason. Rude words, name-calling, and accusation only add fuel to the emotional fire. “Vera Wang, Alexander Wang, Jason Wu are taking on Galliano, Albaz, Marc Jacobs—and beating them hands down in design and sales,” adds Hill. When adding two numbers, the monkeys always paid attention to the larger of the two, and then added only a fraction (小部分) of the smaller number to it. 二、习惯用语 add up v. 合计 add in 添加;把…包括在内 add value 增加价值;附加价值;添加值 add on 插入;另外加上去 add noise 添加杂色;添加噪声 add weight to 进一步证明;扩大影响;增强优势;加重 add to 加剧 add up (把……)加起来;累加;积少成多 add up to 总计达;总括起来意味着 三、辨析 add to, add...to, add up to 这三个短语形式相近,但构成和含义并不相同: 1.add to是“不及物动词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词; add...to是“及物动词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词; 而add up to则是“不及物动词+副词+介词(短语)”构成的短语动词。 2.add to的意思是“增加,增添”, add...to的意思是“把…加到…上去”, add up to的意思是“加起来等于…,总计达…”。 add up, add together add后加up或together,都表示“合计”的意思,宾语较短时多用up,较长(特别是有几个并列宾语)时多用together。 add up, add up to 这两个短语的意思相近,都可译为“加起来”,它们之间的区别是: 1.add up的意思是“把…加起来”, add up to 的意思是“加起来是(多少)”。 2.add up可用作不及物动词短语,也可用作及物动词短语; 而add up to只能用作及物动词短语。 3.add up的宾语一般是figure, bill, receipt, cost 等名词; 而add up to的宾语则为具体数字。 4.add up用作及物动词时是可分的,其宾语常可置于add与up 之间; 而add up to则是不可分的,宾语只能位于其后。 5.这两个短语都可用于比喻意义,此时意思和用法都不相同, add up用作不及物动词短语,意思是“合乎情理”; 而add up to用作及物动词短语,意思是“等于,意味着,总起来说”。 add up to, amount to, come to, count up to, run into 这五个短语动词都是“总计”的意思,其差别很细微: 1.从构成上说, add up to和count up to是动副介型短语; 而amount to, come to和run into是动介型短语。 2.从主语上说, add up to和come to相同,均多为钱、账单、数目等; amount to和run into的主语多为loss, cost, expense, debt, sum等名词; 而count up to的主语则仅限It。例如: Our hotel bill added up to〔amounted to,came to〕 300 dollars.我们的旅馆费共计300美元。 His debts amounted to〔ran into〕 over 3000 dollars.他的债务已高达3000多美元。 It counts up to 300 dollars.共计300美元。 3.从宾语上说, add up to, amount to, come to后一般接数字; 而count up to和run into后除可接数字外,还可接名词。例如: It counts up to a considerable sum.合计起来数目相当可观。 Losses run into six figures.损失高达6位数。 4.从使用场合上说, come to最通俗, count up to不常用。 add, increase 两者均可表示“增加”。其区别在于:前者主要指自身数量、重量、价值、程度、力量等增加,多用于不可触知的事物; 而后者是指将某物加在另一物上,使之在数量、体积、重要性等方面有所增加。例如: We had better increase the amount.我们最好把数量再增加一些。 I increased the amount of water to be added during cooking.烧饭时我增加了该加的水量。 add, figure, total, sum up 这四个词(组)都可表示“相加(数字)”。其区别在于: 1.total强调计算的结果,为非正式用语,多用于口语中。 2.sum up强调计算的总数,常用于抽象意义,意思是“总结”“概括”。例如: Many members spoke at the meeting, and finally the chairman summed up the discussion.许多成员在会上发了言,最后主席总结了这次讨论。 You have only 100 words in which to sum up his speech.你只能用100字来概括他的讲话。 3.figure常用于计算费用。例如: I figured in our train tickets but forgot the bus fares.我把火车票算进去却把公共汽车费忘了。 4.add是普通用语,也是科技用语,主要指运用算术中的加法运算,即求出一系列数字或数量之和,广义则指把一物“加入”或“添加”到另一物中以“增加”原物的重量、规模、总量或重要性。例如: The little girl doesn't know how to add yet.这小女孩还不懂如何做加法。 If the tea is too strong, add some hot water. 要是茶太浓,可加点开水。 add,add to,add...to,add up to 都是add的固定搭配词组。 add作“加,增加”解时,既可作及物动词,又可用作不及物动词;作“又说,补充说”解时,与直接或间接引语连用。 add to意为“增添,增加,增进”。 add...to意为“把......加到......”,是把前一项加到后一项之后或之中。 add up to意为“加起来总共是/累计得”,该短语不用于被动语态。   四、常见错误 我们的工资增加了。 误 Our wages added. 正 Our wages increased. 析 add的含义是“把…加上去”,不可简单地理解为“增加”而混同于increase。 请在牛奶里加些糖。 误 Please add some sugar in the milk. 正 Please add some sugar to the milk. 析 汉语中“请在牛奶里加些糖”和“请往牛奶里加些糖”两种说法是一个意思,但译成英语时只能按后者译,即用to(往牛奶中)而不可用in(在牛奶里)。 我不想给您添麻烦。 误 I don't want to add at your trouble. 正 I don't want to add to your trouble. 析 在短语add to中, to的含义是“加入”,注意不可误用at。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] add / Ad / verb 1. [VN] ~ sth (to sth) to put sth together with sth else so as to increase the size, number, amount, etc. 增加;加添: A new wing was added to the building. 这栋大楼新添了一座配楼。 Shall I add your name to the list? 我可以把你的名字写进名单吗? Next add the flour. 接着加麪粉。 The juice contains no added sugar. 这种果汁没有加糖。 The plan has the added (= extra) advantage of bringing employment to rural areas. 该计划还有一个优点,就是给农村地区带来了就业机会。 2. ~ A to B | ~ A and B (together) to put numbers or amounts together to get a total 加: ▪ [VN] Add 9 to the total. 总数再加上 9。 If you add all these amounts together you get a huge figure. 你把这些数量加在一起就会得到一个巨额数字。 ▪ [also V] OPP subtract 3. ~ sth (to sth) to say sth more; to make a further remark 补充说;继续说: ▪ [VN] I have nothing to add to my earlier statement. 我对我早先说的话没有什么补充的。 ▪ [V speech] 'And don't be late,' she added. "还有别迟到。"她补充说道。 ▪ [V that] He added that they would return a week later. 他接着说,他们一周以后会回来。 4. [VN] ~ sth (to sth) to give a particular quality to an event, a situation, etc. 添加(特色): The suite will add a touch of class to your bedroom. 这套家具会给你的卧室增添一些典雅气质。 IDIOMS ▪ add 7insult to 'injury to make a bad relationship with sb worse by offending them even more 伤害之余又侮辱;(冒犯别人)令关系恶化 ▪ 'added to this... | 'add to this... used to introduce another fact that helps to emphasize a point you have already made 此外(还…): Add to this the excellent service and you can see why it's the most popular hotel on the island. 这再加上优质服务,你就能明白为何这家旅馆在岛上最受欢迎。 PHRASAL VERBS ▪ 7add sth ↔ 'in to include sth with sth else 把…加进去;包括: Remember to add in the cost of drinks. 记住把饮料费加进去。 ▪ 7add sth ↔ 'on (to sth) to include or attach sth extra 附加;加上: A service charge of 15% was added on to the bill. 账单上附加了 15% 的服务费。 ⇨ related noun add-on ▪ 'add to sth to increase sth in size, number, amount, etc. 使(数量)增加;使(规模)扩大: The bad weather only added to our difficulties. 恶劣的天气只是增加了我们的困难。 The house has been added to (= new rooms, etc. have been built on to it) from time to time. 这座房子一次又一次地在扩建。 ▪ 7add 'up (informal) 1. (especially in negative sentences 尤用于否定句) to seem reasonable; to make sense 合乎情理;有道理: His story just doesn't add up. 他说的情况根本不合情理。 2. (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) to increase by small amounts until there is a large total 积少成多: When you're feeding a family of one the bills soon add up. 你要养活一家六口,开支很快就大起来了。 ▪ 7add 'up | 7add sth ↔ 'up to calculate the total of ten or more numbers or amounts 把…加起来: The waiter can't add up. 这个服务员不会算账。 Add up all the money I owe you. 把我欠你的钱全部加起来。 ▪ 7add 'up to sth 1. to make a total amount of sth 总共是;总计为: The numbers add up to exactly 100. 这些数字的总数恰好是 100。 2. to lead to a particular result; to show sth 结果是;表示 SYN amount to sth : These clues don't really add up to very much (= give us very little information). 这些线索实际上说明不了什么问题。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] add /ˌæd/ ●●● S1 W1 verb → ad 1  PUT WITH STH ELSE 与别的东西放在一起 [transitive] to put something with something else or with a group of other things 添加,增加 If the mixture seems dry, add water. 如果混合物看上去干,加点水。 add something to something Do you want to add your name to the list? 你想把你的名字加到名单里吗? Suzuki has added extra doors to its sports off-roader. 铃木公司为其运动越野车增加了车门。 Material about recent research has been added to this new edition. 这个新版本增加了最近的研究材料。 2  COUNT 计算 [intransitive, transitive] if you add numbers or amounts together, you calculate their total 相加,加 → subtract add something and something (together) Add 7 and 5 to make 12. 7加5得12。 For tax purposes, your pension and earnings are added together. 计算税款时,养老金和收入加在一起。 add something to something Add £2.20 to the cost for postage. 在该费用基础上加2.20英镑的邮费。 3  INCREASE 增加 [intransitive, transitive] to increase the amount or cost of something 增加 add (something) to something Spell-checking your document adds time to the process. 给文件作拼写检查会延长这一过程的时间。 Sales tax adds to the price. 销售税提高了价格。 4  SAY MORE 说得更多 [transitive] to say more about something that has just been said 补充说,继续说 ‘And I don’t care what you think, ’ she added defiantly. “而且我不在乎你怎么想。”她挑衅地加了一句。 Is there anything you’d like to add, David? 戴维,你还有什么要补充的吗? add that Everyone will be invited to vote, he said, adding that voting is likely to be via the Web. 他说所有人都会被邀请来投票,并且补充说投票可能通过网络进行。 I was refused accommodation – not, I hasten to add, on account of my appearance (=used to explain more about what you have just said). 我的住宿要求被拒——我要赶紧说明一下,不是因为我的外表。 She was trying to entertain us – unsuccessfully, I might add (=used to comment on what you have just said). 她想逗我们开心——但我说是白费力气了。 ► see thesaurus at say 5  GIVE A QUALITY 赋予某种品质 [transitive] to give a particular quality to something 增添 add something to something We’ve added value to the information by organizing it. 我们把信息进行了整理,使它变得更有价值了。 add a touch of glamour/class (to something) Champagne always adds a touch of glamour to the occasion. 香槟酒总能为特别的场合增添情调。 Coloured glass can be added for effect. 可以加装彩色玻璃以突出效果。 6  add(ed) to that/this used to introduce another fact that supports your opinion 此外,再加上 Our hospitals are short of cash. Add to that the long hours doctors work, and you have a recipe for disaster. 我们的医院资金短缺,再加上医生工作时间长,这些早晚都是祸根。 7  add weight to something if something adds weight to an argument, idea etc, it makes it stronger 为某事物增加影响力[说服力] add weight to the suggestion/idea etc Recent research adds weight to the theory that the climate is changing. 最近的研究进一步证明了气候正在变化这个理论。 8  to add insult to injury to make a bad situation worse for someone who has already been treated badly 既伤害又侮辱;雪上加霜 9  add fuel to the fire/flames to make an argument or disagreement worse 火上浇油 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ADD 1.VERB 动词添加;增加;掺加 If you add one thing to another, you put it in or on the other thing, to increase, complete, or improve it. 【语法信息】:V n to n 【语法信息】:be V-ed to n 【语法信息】:Also V n Add the grated cheese to the sauce... 把磨碎的干酪加到调味汁里。 Since 1908, chlorine has been added to drinking water... 自1908年以来氯就被添加进饮用水当中。 He wants to add a huge sports complex to Binfield Manor. 他想给宾菲尔德庄园加盖一个大型综合体育场。 2.VERB 动词加 If you add numbers or amounts together, you calculate their total. 【语法信息】:V pl-n with together 【语法信息】:V P 【语法信息】:V pl-n P Banks add all the interest and other charges together... 银行合计所有利息和其他费用。 Two and three added together are five. 2加3等于5。 Add up means the same as add .add up同add More than a quarter of seven year-olds cannot add up properly... 7岁的孩子中1/4以上都不会正确地做加法运算。 We just added all the numbers up and divided one by the other... 我们只是将所有的数字相加并用一个除以另一个。 He said the numbers simply did not add up. 他说这些数字根本对不上。 3.VERB 动词增添;增加 If one thing adds to another, it makes the other thing greater in degree or amount. 【语法信息】:V to n This latest incident will add to the pressure on the government... 最近的这次事件将会给政府增加压力。 Smiles, nods, and cheerful faces added to the general gaiety. 微笑、点头和喜洋洋的脸庞使喜庆的气氛变得更浓了。 4.VERB 动词增加,增添(特色) To add a particular quality to something means to cause it to have that quality. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n to n The generous amount of garlic adds flavour... 蒜多了能提味。 Pictures add interest to plain painted walls. 相片给素色的墙面增添了一抹情趣。 5.VERB 动词补充说;进一步说 If you add something when you are speaking, you say something more. 【语法信息】:V with quote 【语法信息】:V that 【语法信息】:V n 'You can tell that he is extremely embarrassed,' Mr Brigden added... “你能看出他尴尬极了,”布里格登先生补充道。 The President agreed, adding that he hoped for a peaceful solution. 总统表示赞同并补充说他希望和平解决。 Hunt added his congratulations, saying 'Nigel has made a cracking job of it'. 亨特在致完贺词后又补了一句:“奈杰尔干得棒极了。” 6.PHRASE 短语另外;再者 You use added to this or added to that to introduce a fact that supports or widens what you are saying. 【搭配模式】:V inflects More than 750 commercial airliners were involved in fatal accidents last year. Added to that were the 1,550 smaller aircraft. 去年750多家商业航空公司遭遇过人员死亡的事故。另外还有1,550架小型飞机也出过同样的事故。 7. to add insult to injury→see: insult; 相关词组: add in add on add up add up to [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] add /ˈæd/ verb adds; added; adding 1 [+ object] a : to put (something) with another thing or group of things增添;增加 She's planning to add some new flowers to the garden. 她打算给花园增添些新的花卉。 The company is adding over 200 jobs this year. 这家公司今年新增200多个岗位。 This winter, he added skiing to his list of favorite sports. 今年冬天,他最喜爱的运动项目里多了一项滑雪。 b : to mix or combine (an ingredient) with other ingredients添加;混合 Add (in) a little more salt and pepper. 再多加一点盐和胡椒粉。 I added (in) just a dash/pinch of flour. 我只加了一点儿面粉。 Add one cup of sugar to the mixture. 往混合物里加一杯糖。 Next, add the remaining butter to the pan. 接下来,把剩下的黄油放到锅里。 c : to include (something) with something else把…计算在内;包括 It took us four hours to get there, if you add (in) the time we stopped to eat. 如果把停车吃饭的时间也算上的话,我们到那儿花了四个小时。 2 [+ object] : to cause something to have (a usually good quality or characteristic)增加;增添;提升 In this dish, fresh herbs add lots of color and flavor. 新鲜的香草使这道菜增色增味不少。 As an employee, she will add [=bring] great value to your company. 作为公司一员,她会给贵公司创造极大的价值。 We can help you add excitement to your vacation. 我们可以使您的假期更加刺激。 The historical details add depth/richness/weight to his story. 历史细节使他的故事内容更有深度/更加丰富/更为厚重。 She adds a certain amount of experience and authority to the project. 她给项目增添了几分经验和权威性。 3 : to put (two or more numbers or amounts) together to find a total or sum加;累计 [+ object] When you add three and/to seven, you get ten.. 三加七等于十。 Add these three numbers together. 把这三个数字加起来。 [no object] schoolchildren learning how to add [=to perform addition] and subtract 学习加减法的小学生 — opposite subtract 4 [+ object] : to say or write (something more or extra)补充 That's all I have to say. Do you have anything (else/more) to add? = Is there anything (else/more) you would like to add? 我就说这么多。你还有什么要补充的吗? “They all went to the bar,” he said. “But I didn't go with them,” he quickly added. “他们都去酒吧了。”他说,我可没和他们一起去。”他又赶紧补充道。 He was quick to add that he didn't go with them. = He hastened to add that he didn't go with them. 他马上补充说自己并没有和他们一起去。 It was a long project and, I might add, an expensive one. 这个项目耗时很长,而且,我想补充一下,耗资也很大。 add insult to injury — see 2insult add on [phrasal verb] add (something) on or add on (something) : to put (something) with another thing or group of things增加;添加 We're going to add on a new garage。 我们打算加个新车库。 — often + to We're adding a new garage on to our house. 我们要给房子加个新车库。 They're adding $200 on to what we already have to pay. 他们在我们的应付款上又加了200美元。 ◊ The phrase add on to is also written as add onto.短语add on to也写作add onto We're adding a new garage onto our house. 我们要给房子加个新车库。 add to [phrasal verb] add to (something) : to make (something) larger, better, or greater增加;扩大;加强 He bought another rare coin to add to his collection. 他又为自己的收藏购入了一枚珍稀硬币。 Her research has greatly added to our knowledge of the subject. 她的研究极大地丰富了我们对这一问题的认识。 She's been able to add to her savings [=to save more money] this year. 她的存款今年得以增加。 This movie will add to his fame. [=it will make him more famous] 这部电影将使他声誉更高。 The loud music added to the confusion. [=it made the confusion greater] 嘈杂的音乐更是乱上添乱。 We hope this adds to your enjoyment of the play. 我们希望这能使您在欣赏剧目时更加尽兴。 The funny characters really add to the story. [=they make the story better] 滑稽人物确实给这个故事增色不少。 ◊ Phrases like add to this/that and added to this/that are often used informally to introduce a statement about something that makes a thing or situation better, worse, more important, etc.更…的是(用于引出陈述,非正式用法) We were given little time to finish. Add to this the fact that nobody helped us, and you can understand why we were angry. 给我们的时间本来就不多,更糟的是根本没有人来帮我们,你能理解我们为什么生气了吧。 We were short of money. Added to that, we were lost! 我们钱不够。更倒霉的是,我们迷路了! add up [phrasal verb] 1 a : to be added together and equal the expected or correct total加起来(得到预期数目)— usually used in negative constructions通常用于否定结构 The numbers just don't add up. [=they don't equal the expected total] 这些数字加得不对。 b : to make sense : to seem to be logical or true说得通;合乎情理 They must be lying; their story just doesn't add up. 他们肯定在撒谎,他们的说法根本不合情理。 c : to slowly increase and become a large number or amount累积;慢慢增多 A cup of coffee may only cost a dollar, but those dollars add up quickly. 一杯咖啡或许只花一美元,但这一美元很快就会积少成多。 I'm saving a little money each month. Eventually it'll add up. 我每个月都存点钱。最终这笔钱会积少成多的。 The hours that I spend traveling to work really add up. 我花在上班路上的时间加起来真不少。 2 add (something) up or add up (something) : to put together or count (the number or amount of something) to find the total加起来;计算总额 Start by adding up how much money you have, and then add up your costs. 先算算你有多少钱,再算算要花多少钱。 Let's add up all of the money we saved. 我们来算一下总共存了多少钱。 When you add it all up, he's spent over half of his life in jail. 算起来他大半辈子是在监狱里度过的。 3 add up to (something) a : to have (a number) as a total合计达;总计达 The amount of money she spends on coffee adds up to $2.75 a day. 她每天喝咖啡的花费加起来有2.75美元。 That adds up to more than a thousand dollars a year. 那样加起来每年会超过一千美元。 b : to produce (a specified result)产生(特定结果) These plans should add up to a very exciting vacation. 按照这些计划应该能够度过一个非常好玩的假期了。 With these three bands playing together, it all adds up to one of the year's best rock concerts. 有这三支乐队同台献艺,这将成为今年最好的摇滚音乐会之一。 All of the team's hard work didn't add up to a win. 队员们的所有努力还是没能换来胜利 — added adjective The historical details provide added [=additional] depth/richness/weight to his story. 历史细节使他的故事内容更有深度/更加丰富/更为厚重。 added value 附加值 an added attraction/advantage 额外的魅力/优势 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • addict

    ['ædɪkt]     美 ['ædɪkt]     vt. 沉溺;使 ... 上瘾 n. 耽溺者;上瘾者 形容词: addictive 过去式: addicted 过去分词: addicted 现在分词: addicting 第三人称单数: addicts 名词复数:addicts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 addict 高中必修500 全国卷频次:2 教材出处:译林版必修B3U3 /ˈædɪkt/ n.&v. addicts 0 入迷的人,有瘾的人;上瘾者 & 使沉溺,使醉心;使上瘾 高考真题原句提选: My name is Jim Shelley and I am an addict. 二、词根记忆 addict v. 使沉溺;使上癮n.上癮者She became addicted to the drug.她上了毒癮. 上癮,入迷(ad+dict說→一再說起→對……入迷)[ab-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at-等加在同輔音字母的詞根前,表示"一再"等加強意] v. 耽溺,上癮(ad一再+dict說→說了還說→耽溺)[dict,dic=say,assert,表示"說話,斷言"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·dict / 5Adikt / noun 1. a person who is unable to stop taking harmful drugs 吸毒成瘾的人;瘾君子: a heroin / drug / nicotine addict 吸食海洛因/毒品/尼古丁成瘾的人 2. a person who is very interested in sth and spends a lot of their free time on it 对…入迷的人: a video game addict 游戏机迷 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addict /ˈædɪkt/ ●●○ noun [countable] 1  someone who is unable to stop taking drugs 吸毒上瘾的人 drug/heroin/morphine etc addict a recovering heroin addict 一个正在康复的海洛因吸食者 2  someone who is very interested in something and spends a lot of time doing it 对…着迷的人 TV/sports etc addict My nephew is a complete video game addict. 我侄子绝对是个电子游戏迷。 Origin addict (1500-1600) Latin past participle of addicere “to give to formally or legally”, from ad- “to” + dicere “to say” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addict ★★☆☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词吸毒成瘾者;瘾君子 An addict is someone who takes harmful drugs and cannot stop taking them. 【搭配模式】:oft supp N He's only 24 years old and a drug addict. 他只有24岁,却是个瘾君子。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词对…入迷的人;…迷 If you say that someone is an addict, you mean that they like a particular activity very much and spend as much time doing it as they can. 【搭配模式】:usu supp N She is a TV addict and watches as much as she can. 她是个电视迷,看起电视来没完没了。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addict /ˈædɪkt/ noun plural addicts [count] 1 : a person who is not able to stop taking drugs : a person who is addicted to drugs吸毒上瘾的人;瘾君子 The clinic provides counseling for (drug) addicts. 这家诊所为吸毒成瘾的人提供问诊服务。 a heroin/cocaine/crack addict 吸食海洛因/可卡因/强效可卡因上瘾的人 2 informal : a person who likes or enjoys something very much and spends a large amount of time doing it, watching it, etc.入迷者;对…上瘾的人 a television addict [=junkie] 电视迷 basketball addicts 篮球迷 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • addition

    [ə'dɪʃn]     美 [ə'dɪʃn]     n. 增加;加法;附加物 形容词: additional 副词: additionally [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 addition 高中必修500 全国卷频次:6 /əˈdɪʃən/ n. additions 0 加,增加 in addition,in addition to 除…之外;除了;加之 高考真题原句提选: In addition, most newspapers had little in them that would appeal to a mass audience. In her role as Miss Teen USA, Sheiley will continue to speak to youth about safe driving, in addition to many other things to help the youth. 二、习惯用语 in addition 另外,此外 addition to sth 增加 with the addition of 外加 addition reaction [化]加成;加成反应 addition agent 添加剂;助剂;合金元素 heat addition 供热;加热 addition process 加成法;加法工序 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addition add·ition / E5diFn / noun 1. [U] the process of adding two or more numbers together to find their total 加;加法: children learning addition and subtraction 学习加减的儿童 OPP subtraction 2. [C] ~ (to sth) a thing that is added to sth else 增加物;添加物: the latest addition to our range of cars 我们汽车系列新增加的款式 an addition to the family (= another child) 这家新添的一口人(又生了一个孩子) (NAmE) to build a new addition onto a house 扩建房子 3. [U] ~ (of sth) the act of adding sth to sth else 增加;添加: Pasta's basic ingredients are flour and water, sometimes with the addition of eggs or oil. 意大利麪制品的主要成分是麪粉和水,有时加鸡蛋和食用油。 IDIOMS ▪ in addition (to sb / sth) used when you want to mention another person or thing after sth else 除…以外(还): In addition to these arrangements, extra ambulances will be on duty until midnight. 除了这些安排以外,另增救护车值班至午夜。 There is, in addition, one further point to make. 此外,还有一点要说。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addition /əˈdɪʃən/ ●●● S3 W1 noun 1  in addition used to add another piece of information to what you have just said 除此之外,此外 The company provides cheap Internet access. In addition, it makes shareware freely available. 该公司提供廉价的因特网接入服务。 此外,它还推出免费的共享软件。 in addition to something In addition to his movie work, Redford is known as a champion of environmental causes. 除了电影事业外,雷德福还是位公认的环保斗士。 2  [uncountable] the act of adding something to something else 增添,添加 the addition of something The addition of networking facilities will greatly enhance the system. 增加网络设备将会大大增强系统的性能。 with the addition of something Turn sparkling wine into Buck’s Fizz with the addition of chilled orange juice. 在发泡葡萄酒里加冰冻橙汁,做成巴克菲士鸡尾酒。 3  [countable] something that is added to something else, often in order to improve it 增加物,添加物 addition to This excellent book will be a welcome addition to the library of any student. 这本好书会成为受所有学生喜爱的新藏书。 latest/new/recent addition the latest addition to our designer range 我们名师设计系列的最新款式 4. [uncountable] the process of adding numbers or amounts to make a total 加法 → subtraction 5  [countable] American English an extra room that is added to a building 〔建筑物的〕扩建部分 They built a big addition onto the back of the house. 他们在房子后面加盖了一间大屋子。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addition ★★★★☆ 1.PHRASE 短语另外;加之;除…之外 You use in addition when you want to mention another item connected with the subject you are discussing. 【搭配模式】:PHR with cl Part-time English classes are offered. In addition, students can take classes in word-processing and computing... 开设了非全日制的英语班。另外,学生可以修读文字处理和计算机课程。 There's a postage and packing fee in addition to the repair charge. 除修理费之外还有邮寄和包装费。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词增加物;添加物 An addition to something is a thing which is added to it. 【搭配模式】:usu with supp This is a fine book; a worthy addition to the Cambridge Encyclopedia series... 这是一本好书,对剑桥百科全书系列是一个很好的补充。 This plywood addition helps to strengthen the structure. 多层胶合板有助于加固结构。 3.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词增加;添加 The addition of something is the fact that it is added to something else. 【搭配模式】:the N of n It was completely refurbished in 1987, with the addition of a picnic site. 它在1987年经过了彻底翻修,加盖了一个野餐点。 4.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词加;算总数 Addition is the process of calculating the total of two or more numbers. ...simple addition and subtraction problems. 简单的加减题 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] addition /əˈdɪʃən/ noun plural additions 1 [noncount] : the act or process of joining something to something else : the act or process of adding something增加;添加 — often + of The soup was thickened by the addition of cream in the last stage of cooking. 最后加入的奶油使汤变浓了。 The town welcomed the addition of three new computers to the library. 图书馆添置的三台新电脑受到了小镇居民的欢迎。 2 [noncount] mathematics : the act or process of adding numbers加;加法 The children learned addition and subtraction. 孩子们学了加法和减法。 3 [count] : something or someone more that is included : something or someone that is added添加物;新增人员 The museum's collection includes several new additions. 博物馆的藏品中包括几件新收藏。 — usually + to an addition to the family [=a new member of the family, such as a newborn baby]] 家庭的新成员 The sculpture is the newest addition to the museum's collection. 这尊雕塑是博物馆的最新藏品。 4 [count] US : a part of a building that is built after the original part has been completed扩建建筑 The addition expands the kitchen and adds a second bathroom. 这次扩建扩大了厨房,还加了一个卫生间。 in addition : as something more — used for adding information to a statement另外,此外(用于补充说明) The city has the largest population in the country and in addition [=also, additionally] is a major shipping port. 这座城市人口居全国之首,此外,它还是一个主要的海运港口。 Sandwiches were served, and several salads in addition. 上了三明治,另外还上了几道沙拉。 in addition to : along with or together with (something or someone)除…之外(还);与…一起 In addition to soup, several salads were served. 除汤之外,还上了几道沙拉。 There were six people at the meeting in addition to me. 除我之外还有六个人参加了会议。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • address

    [ə'dres]     美 [ə'dres]     n. 住址;网址;电子邮箱地址;称呼;致词;讲话;演讲;谈吐 v. 称呼;发表演说;提出;写地址;处理 过去式: addressed 过去分词: addressed 现在分词: addressing 第三人称单数: addresses [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 address 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:15 /əˈdres/ /ˈædres/ n.&v. addresses 2 addresses 0 addressing 0 addressed 0 地址,网址;演讲 & 处理,对付,设法解决;作演讲;称呼 高考真题原句提选: The man opened up a book he was carrying in his backpack and asked Emma to write her name and address inside. We might use technology to address these problems. They decided to exchange addresses, but neither of them had any paper. The Swiss tend to be formal and address each other by last name. 二、习惯用语 email address 电子邮箱信箱 ip address 网络地址,IP地址 address book 通讯簿;住址名册 home address 家庭住址;标识地址;内部地址 mailing address 邮寄地址 network address 网络地址 address space 地址空间 address as 称呼 e-mail address 电子邮件地址 public address 公用地址;扩音装置 address system 地址系统;称谓系统 三、词义辨析 address, lecture, oration, report, speech, talk 1.在这组词中, address, speech, talk, oration四个词是同义词, lecture和report的词义与其他四个词的词义差异较大。 ①lecture指学术性的“专题讲演”,尤指大学教师讲课,引申义为“教训”。例如: Professor Black will give us a lecture on English literature tomorrow afternoon.布莱克教授明天下午将给我们做关于英国文学的演讲。 His mother gave him a lecture for getting up late.他妈妈因为他睡懒觉而训斥了他一顿。 注意这六个词中只有lecture不可与make连用。 ②report指下级对上级或委托机关的“报告”,比汉语中“报告”的外延小得多。例如: The manager had just given the company's annual report.经理刚做了公司的年度报告。 2.address, speech, talk, oration四个词的共同含义是“当众讲话”。其区别是: ①speech和talk是普通用语, address和oration是正式用语。 ②address和oration用于正式隆重的场合,经过充分准备,听众较多,篇幅较长。这两者中, oration比address更正式,更隆重,人更多,篇幅更长。例如: The minister's address will be broadcast at 8 o'clock.部长的讲话将于8时广播。 Lincoln's Gettysburg Address was an oration.林肯的盖茨堡讲演是一篇雄辩有力的演说辞。 这两个词含义上的区别是:address强调演说人的身份或地位高,而oration则强调演说人口才好,演说有煽动性,雄辩有力,词藻华丽。 ③speech和talk的区别是:speech多用于正式场合,也可用于非正式场合; 而talk多用于非正式场合,也可用于正式场合。speech一般是经过准备的也可不经过准备; 而talk一般是不经过准备的。speech的措辞一般是庄重的; 而talk是较为随便的,讲话方式也较自由,甚至也可以是对话。例如: Please tell us what you think in a few simple words, we don't want a speech.请用简短的话说明你的意思,不要演说。 We enjoy freedom of speech.我们有言论自由。 We had a long talk about it.关于此事,我们作了一次长谈。 He gave us a very interesting talk on Yugoslavia.他给我们作了一场饶有兴趣的关于南斯拉夫的报告。 ④speech除作“讲演”解之外,还有“讲稿”“讲演风格”的含义,而另外三个词无此含义。例如: His speech was sent to the newspaper in advance.他的讲话稿事先就送报社去了。 Her speech is informal and filled with colloquialisms.她的讲话常是非正式的,很口语化。 address to, mail to, post to 这三个短语结构相同( v. + prep. ),意思相同(将某物寄给某人或某地),用法相同(接表示人或地点的名词作宾语,可用于主、被动结构)。它们之间的区别在于使用场合上,作“寄信”解时可换用。例如: Please address〔mail,post〕 the letter to Alaska.请将此信按地址寄至阿拉斯加。 而“寄包裹或其他物品”时英国人多用post to,美国人多用mail to。例如: 支票于昨日寄给您了。 The cheque was posted to you yesterday. (BrE) The check was mailed to you yesterday. (AmE) address,greet,salute,hail,welcome 这些动词均有“欢迎、致敬,致意,招呼”之意。 address侧重打招呼的方式或指所使用的称谓。 greet常指友好而热诚地欢迎。 salute正式用词,指用敬礼、亲吻或挥帽等动作向他人致意或问候,尤指以某种礼节欢迎某人。 hail主要指怀着敬意欢迎某人,侧重欢快轻松和嘈杂。也指隔得较远的高声招呼。 welcome多指热情的官方的或正式的迎接或欢迎,但也指一般的欢迎。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·dress noun / E5dres; NAmE 5Adres / 1. [C] details of where sb lives or works and where letters, etc. can be sent 住址;地址;通信处: What's your name and address ? 你的姓名、住址? I'll give you my address and phone number. 我会告诉你我的地址和电话号码。 Is that your home address ? 这是你的住址吗? Please note my change of address. 请注意我的地址变了。 Police found him at an address (= a house or flat / apartment) in West London. 警方在伦敦西区一处住所里找到了他。 people of no fixed address (= with no permanent home) 没有固定居所的人 ⇨ see also forwarding address 2. [C] (computing 计) a series of words and symbols that tells you where you can find sth using a computer, for example on the Internet (互联网等的)地址: What's your email address ? 你的电邮地址是什么? The project has a new website address. 这个项目有个新的网址。 3. [C] a formal speech that is made in front of an audience 演说;演讲: tonight's televised presidential address 今晚总统的电视演讲 ⇨ note at speech 4. [U] form / mode of ~ the correct title, etc. to use when you talk to sb 称呼 verb / E5dres / ▪ [VN] 1. [usually passive] ~ sth (to sb / sth) to write on an envelope, etc. the name and address of the person, company, etc. that you are sending it to by mail 写(收信人)姓名地址;致函: The letter was correctly addressed, but delivered to the wrong house. 信上的姓名地址写得都对,但被错投到另一家去了。 Address your application to the Personnel Manager. 把你的申请信寄给人事经理。 ⇨ compare readdress ⇨ see also sae , SASE 2. to make a formal speech to a group of people 演说;演讲: to address a meeting 在会议上发表演讲 3. ~ sb | ~ sth to sb (formal) to say sth directly to sb 向…说话: I was surprised when he addressed me in English. 他用英语跟我说话,我很诧异。 Any questions should be addressed to your teacher. 任何问题都应该向你的老师求教。 4. ~ sb (as sth) to use a particular name or title for sb when you speak or write to them 称呼(某人);冠以(某种称呼): The judge should be addressed as 'Your Honour'. 对法官应该称"法官大人"。 5. ~ (yourself to) sth (formal) to think about a problem or a situation and decide how you are going to deal with it 设法解决;处理;对付: Your essay does not address the real issues. 你的论文没有论证实质问题。 We must address ourselves to the problem of traffic pollution. 我们必须设法解决交通污染问题。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] address1 /əˈdres $ əˈdres, ˈædres/ ●●● S2 W2 noun 1  [countable] a) the details of the place where someone lives or works, which you use to send them letters etc 地址 What’s your new address? 你的新地址是什么? I can give you the address of a good attorney. 我可以给你一个好律师的地址。 b) the series of letters and other symbols that you put when sending email to a particular person, or that is the name of a website 电子邮件地址;网址 They have changed the address of their website. 他们变更了网址。 2  [countable] a formal speech that someone makes to a group of people 演讲,演说 address to an address to the European Parliament 致欧洲议会的演讲 presidential/inaugural etc address The new president delivered his inaugural address in Creole. 新总统用克里奥尔语发表就职演说。 ► see thesaurus at speech 3. form/mode/style of address the correct title or name that you should use when speaking or writing to someone 称呼方式  COLLOCATIONS Related topics: Mail address2 /əˈdres/ ●○○ verb [transitive] 1  if you address an envelope, package etc, you write on it the name and address of the person you are sending it to 在〔信封、包裹等〕上写姓名和地址 address something to somebody That letter was addressed to me. 那封信是寄给我的。 Send a stamped, self-addressed envelope (=with your address on it so it can be sent back to you). 寄上一个贴好邮票的、写有回邮地址的信封。 2  formal if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it (着手)解决,处理〔问题〕 address a problem/question/issue etc Our products address the needs of real users. 我们的产品满足真正用户的需要。 address yourself to something Marlowe now addressed himself to the task of searching the room. 马洛现在开始搜查房间。 3  formal to speak to someone directly 向…讲话 She turned to address the man on her left. 她转过头对左边的男士说话。 4  formal if you address remarks, complaints etc to someone, you say or write them directly to that person 〔向某人〕提出〔陈述、投诉等〕 You will have to address your comments to our Head Office. 你得把意见向我们总部反映。 5  to make a formal speech to a large group of people 对…发表演说 address a meeting/conference etc He addressed an audience of 10,000 supporters. 他对一万名支持者发表了演说。 6  to use a particular title or name when speaking or writing to someone 称呼 address somebody as something The president should be addressed as ‘Mr. President’. 对总统应该称“总统先生”。 Origin address2 (1300-1400) Old French adresser, from dresser “to arrange” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] address ★★★★☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词住址;地址 Your address is the number of the house, flat, or apartment and the name of the street and the town where you live or work. 【搭配模式】:usu poss N The address is 2025 M Street, Northwest, Washington, DC, 20036... 地址为华盛顿特区,西北区,M大街2025号,邮政编码20036。 We require details of your name and address. 我们需要你的姓名和地址的详细信息。 2.VERB 动词寄往;寄给 If a letter, envelope, or parcel is addressed to you, your name and address have been written on it. 【语法信息】:be V-ed to n 【搭配模式】:usu passive Applications should be addressed to: The business affairs editor. 申请表应寄给;商务编辑。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词网址 The address of a website is its location on the Internet, for example http://www.cobuild.collins.co.uk. 【FIELD标签】:COMPUTING 计算机 Internet addresses are also known as URLs. 网址也被称作URL。 4.N-COUNT 可数名词(电子表格中某个单元格的)位置 The address of a cell on a computer spreadsheet refers to the particular row and column number where it is located, for example 'C2' or 'N63'. 【FIELD标签】:COMPUTING 计算机 5.VERB 动词向…作正式讲话;对…发表演说 If you address a group of people, you give a speech to them. 【语法信息】:V n He is due to address a conference on human rights next week. 他下星期将在一个大会上发表关于人权的演说。 Address is also a noun. The President gave an address to the American people. 总统向美国民众发表了演说。 6.VERB 动词向…说话 If you address someone or address a remark to them, you say something to them. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n to n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 The two foreign ministers did not address each other directly when they last met... 这两位外交部长在上次会面时并没有直接的言语交流。 He addressed his remarks to Eleanor, ignoring Maria. 他和埃莉诺聊了聊,而没搭理玛丽亚。 7.VERB 动词称呼(某人);给…冠以(某种称呼) If you address someone by a name or a title such as 'sir', you call them that name or title when you talk or write to them. 【语法信息】:V n as n I heard him address her as darling... 我听见他称她为“亲爱的”。 The Duchess should be addressed as Your Grace. 公爵夫人应被称为“大人”。 8.VERB 动词对付;处理;设法了解并解决 If you address a problem or task or if you address yourself to it, you try to understand it or deal with it. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V pron-refl to n Mr King sought to address those fears when he spoke at the meeting... 金先生在会上讲话时试图消除那些恐惧。 Throughout the book we have addressed ourselves to the problem of ethics. 整本书中我们都在探讨伦理观的问题。 Usage Note : Be careful with the spelling of this word. 注意该词拼写。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] address /əˈdrɛs/ verb addresses; addressed; addressing [+ object] 1 : to write on an envelope, package, letter, etc., the name and address of the person or business it is being sent to(在信件、包裹等上)写收信人姓名地址 I've addressed the letter, but it still needs a stamp. 我在信封上写好了地址,但还需要贴张邮票。 The package is sealed; it just needs to be addressed. 包裹已经封好,再写上地址就行了。 We spent the afternoon addressing invitations to all our friends. 我们花了整个下午在所有给朋友的请柬上写地址。 The letter was returned because it had been addressed incorrectly. 由于地址不对,信件被退回了。 2 a : to speak to (a person or group)对…说话 She ignored most of the people at the table, addressing only the man who was sitting next to her.. 她无视在座的大部分人,只和坐在她旁边的那位男士说了话。 One of the characters addresses the audience directly throughout the play. 剧中有个人物自始至终都在直接对观众说话。 b : to use a specified name or title when speaking or writing to (someone)称呼 — + as As children, we addressed him as “sir” [=we called him “sir”] even though he was only a few years older than us. 虽然他只比我们大几岁,我们这些孩子却称呼他为“先生”。 You should address the queen as “Your Majesty.” 你应该称呼女王为“陛下”。 c : to direct (spoken or written words) to someone(口头或书面上)对…表达 She addressed her comments to the man [=she spoke to the man] who was sitting next to her. 她把自己的意见说给邻座的男士听。 Most of the speaker's remarks were addressed to those with experience in the industry. 演讲者大部分的话都是针对有经验的业内人士讲的。 3 : to give a formal speech to (a group of people)致辞;演讲 Before the awards were given, the mayor addressed the crowd. 颁奖开始之前市长向公众致辞。 4 formal : to give attention to (something) : to deal with (a matter, issue, problem, etc.)处理;应对 We're all curious about how the mayor plans to address the issue. 我们对市长打算如何处理这件事都很好奇。 Air pollution is one of the many problems being addressed by the scientists at the conference. 空气污染是与会科学家们关注的诸多问题之一。 The principal held a meeting to address the students' concerns. 校长召开了会议解决学生们所关心的问题。 ◊ If you address yourself to an issue or problem you give your attention to it.处理;关注 The governor is addressing himself to the problem of underfunded schools. 州长正在着手解决学校资金短缺的问题。 2 address /əˈdrɛs/ /ˈæˌdrɛs/ noun plural addresses [count] 1 a : the words and numbers that are used to describe the location of a building and that are written on letters, envelopes, and packages so that they can be mailed to that location住址;寄送地址 Write your name, address, and phone number in the spaces provided. 在空白处写上您的姓名、地址和电话号码。 Our address [=the address of our home] is 82 Third Street. 我们的地址是第三大街82号。 Please deliver the package to my work address. [=the address of the building where I work] 请把包裹送到我的办公地址。 I forgot to put the return address [=the address of the person sending the letter] on the envelope. 我忘记在信封上写寄信人地址了。 — see picture at mail b : the letters, numbers, and symbols that are used to direct an e-mail message or to show the location of a site on the Internet电子邮箱地址;互联网地址 an e-mail address 电子邮件地址 a Web address 网站地址 2 : a formal speech演说;致辞 We listened to the President's inaugural address on the radio. 我们通过广播收听了总统的就职演说。 She was asked to give/deliver a formal address at the ceremony. 她受邀在典礼上致辞。 — see also keynote address, public address system form/term of address : a word, name, or title that is used when speaking or writing to someone称呼 “Honey” is an affectionate term of address in U.S. English. *honey一词在美国英语中是一种爱称 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adjust

    [ə'dʒʌst]     美 [ə'dʒʌst] v. 调整;校准;调节;使适应 形容词: adjustable 副词: adjustably 名词: adjuster 过去式: adjusted 过去分词: adjusted 现在分词: adjusting 第三人称单数: adjusts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adjust 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:2 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U3 /əˈdʒʌst/ v. adjusts 0 adjusting 0 adjusted 0 调整,调节,校准;使适合 高考真题原句选: Rainforests have a great effect on the world environment because they can take in heat from the sun and adjust the climate. Children have better grades at school and are better adjusted as teens and adults, and the entire family enjoys healthier nutrition. Anderson said his daughter slipped off the bank when he was adjusting his camera. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adjust ad·just / E5dVQst / verb 1. [VN] ~ sth (to sth) to change sth slightly to make it more suitable for a new set of conditions or to make it work better 调整;调节: Watch out for sharp bends and adjust your speed accordingly. 当心急转弯并相应调整车速。 This button is for adjusting the volume. 这个按钮是调节音量的。 Adjust your language to the age of your audience. 要根据听众的年龄使用相应的语言。 2. ~ (to sth / to doing sth) | ~ (yourself to sth) to get used to a new situation by changing the way you behave and / or think 适应;习惯 SYN adapt : ▪ [V] It took her a while to adjust to living alone. 她过了一段时间才适应独自生活。 After a while his eyes adjusted to the dark. 过了一会儿他的眼睛习惯了黑暗。 ▪ [VN] You'll quickly adjust yourself to student life. 你将很快适应学生生活。 3. [VN] to move sth slightly so that it looks neater or feels more comfortable 整理: He smoothed his hair and adjusted his tie. 他捋平头发,整了整领带。 ⇨ see also well adjusted [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adjust /əˈdʒʌst/ ●●○ W3 AWL verb 1  [intransitive, transitive] to gradually become familiar with a new situation 适应;(使)习惯 SYN adapt They’ll soon settle in – kids are very good at adjusting. 他们很快就会习惯的——小孩子适应能力很强。 adjust to It took a few seconds for her eyes to adjust to the darkness. 过了几秒钟她的眼睛才适应了黑暗。 adjust to doing something My parents had trouble adjusting to living in an apartment. 我父母不习惯住公寓。 adjust yourself to something It took time to adjust myself to motherhood. 我过了一段时间才适应做母亲的角色。 Register 2  [transitive] to change or move something slightly to improve it or make it more suitable for a particular purpose 调整,调节 Check and adjust the brakes regularly. 经常检查并调节刹车装置。 Taste the soup and adjust the seasoning. 尝尝汤的味道,然后调整佐料用量。 If your employment status changes, your tax code will be adjusted accordingly. 如果就业状况改变,你的免税代码也会作相应调整。 Register 3  [transitive] if you adjust something you are wearing, you move it slightly so that it is neater, more comfortable etc 整理〔穿戴物〕 He paused to adjust his spectacles. 他停下来整整眼镜。 → well-adjusted Origin adjust (1600-1700) French ajuster, from juste “exact, just” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adjust ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词See also:well-adjusted;改变(行为或观点)以适应;调节;习惯 When you adjust to a new situation, you get used to it by changing your behaviour or your ideas. 【语法信息】:V n to n 【语法信息】:V to n 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:Also V adv We have been preparing our fighters to adjust themselves to civil society... 我们一直在培训我们的战士,以使他们适应普通的社会生活。 I felt I had adjusted to the idea of being a mother very well... 我感到自己已经完全接受了当妈妈的想法。 It has been hard to adjust but now I'm getting satisfaction from my work. 适应虽然艰难,但是现在我已逐渐从工作中获得了满足。 2.VERB 动词调整;调节 If you adjust something, you change it so that it is more effective or appropriate. 【语法信息】:V n To attract investors, Panama has adjusted its tax and labour laws. 为吸引投资者,巴拿马调整了税法和劳动法。 3.VERB 动词整理(衣服);校正,校准(机器) If you adjust something such as your clothing or a machine, you correct or alter its position or setting. 【语法信息】:V n She adjusted her head scarf fussily... 她小题大做地整了整头巾。 Liz adjusted her mirror and then edged the car out of its parking bay. 莉兹调了调后视镜,将车子挪出了停车位。 4.V-ERG 及物/不及物动词(使)适应(光线变化) If you adjust your vision or if your vision adjusts, the muscles of your eye or the pupils alter to cope with changes in light or distance. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:V-ed He stopped to try to adjust his vision to the faint starlight... 他停下脚步试着让眼睛适应微弱的星光。 We stood in the doorway until our eyes adjusted... 我们站在门口直到眼睛适应了光线的变化。 It was a few moments before his eyes became adjusted to the bright glare of the sun. 过了一会儿,他的眼睛才适应了刺眼的阳光。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adjust /əˈʤʌst/ verb adjusts; adjusted; adjusting 1 [+ object] a : to change (something) in a minor way so that it works bette校准;调节;校正 The car is easier to drive since the clutch was adjusted. 调校离合器之后,车更好开了。 I adjusted the volume on the radio. 我调了一下收音机的音量。 b : to change the position of (something)调整(位置) He adjusted his glasses/tie. 他调整了一下眼镜/领带。 She adjusted the car seat so she could reach the pedals. 她调整车座以便能够踩到踏板。 2 : to change in order to work or do better in a new situation(使)适应 [no object] Going to a new school can be difficult, but the kids will eventually adjust. 孩子们到一所新学校会遇到困难,但他们终究会适应的。 — often + to The kids will eventually adjust to the new school. 孩子们最终会适应新学校的。 Our eyes gradually adjusted to the darkness of the cave. 我们的眼睛渐渐适应了洞里的黑暗。 It's hard to adjust to the idea that she's gone. 她走了,一下子让人很难适应。 [+ object] It's hard to adjust myself to the idea that she's gone. 她走了,这让我很难适应。 — see also well-adjusted 3 : to make an amount or number more exact by considering other information(综合其他信息)调整(数字或数量) — usually + for [+ object] He actually makes less money now than he did 10 years ago, when you adjust his salary for inflation. [=when you calculate what his salary would be without inflation] 如果将通胀因素考虑在内的话他现在挣的钱实际上比10年前少。 [no object] He makes less money now, when you adjust for inflation, than he did 10 years ago. 如果将通胀因素考虑在内的话,他现在挣的钱实际上比10年前少。 — adjustable /əˈʤʌstəbəl/ adjective an adjustable strap/wrench/waistband 可调节的带子/扳手/腰带 — adjuster noun, plural adjusters [count] — see also insurance adjuster, loss adjuster [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • administration

    [ədˌmɪnɪ'streɪʃn]    美 [ədˌmɪnɪ'streɪʃn] n. 实施;管理;行政;行政部门;任期 形容词: administrative 副词: administratively [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 administration 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版选必修B3U2 /ədˌmɪnəˈstreɪʃən/ n. administrations 0 管理,经营;行政部门 高考真题原句选: According to the Energy Information Administration, biomass (生物量) has been one of the leading renewable energy sources in the United States. Sometime what is taken for granted, like the setting up of a water purification plant or the administration of a school, could be useful for countries which are looking about to solve common problems. 二、词组|习惯用语 administration of ◎(法律、惩罚等的)施行,执行,实行,实施;(药的)服用;用法;给与;(庄严的誓言或诺言的)提出,宣誓;◎【法律】遗产管理,由(行政)官员管理遗产; business administration 企业管理;经营管理 public administration 公共行政;公共管理;行政管理 general administration 总管理处 food and drug administration 食品和药物管理局 administration department 行政部 educational administration 教育管理;教育行政管理 civil administration n. 民政 tax administration 税务管理 administration of justice 司法;司法行政;执法 school administration 学校行政;学院管理 oral administration [医]口服 state environmental protection administration 国家环境保护总局 personnel administration 干部(人事)管理 administration office 行政办公室;秘书室 administration fee 管理费;手续费 financial administration 财务管理 administration structure 行政机构 foreign exchange administration 外汇管理局 administration building 行政办公楼 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] administration ad·min·is·tra·tion / Ed7mini5streiFn / noun 1. (also BrE informal admin) [U] the activities that are done in order to plan, organize and run a business, school or other institution (企业、学校等的)管理,行政: Administration costs are passed on to the customer. 行政费用转嫁给了消费者。 the day-to-day administration of a company 公司的日常管理工作 I work in the Sales Administration department. 我在销售管理部门工作。 2. [U] the process or act of organizing the way that sth is done 施行;执行: the administration of justice 司法 3. [C] the people who plan, organize and run a business, an institution, etc. (企业、学校等的)管理部门,行政部门: university administrations 大学行政部门 4. (often Administration) [C] the government of a country, especially the US (尤指美国)政府: the Bush administration 布什政府 Successive administrations have failed to solve the country's economic problems. 一届又一届政府均未能解决这个国家的经济问题。 5. [U] (formal) the act of giving a drug to sb (药物的)施用: the administration of antibiotics 施用抗生素 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] administration /ədˌmɪnəˈstreɪʃən/ ●●○ S3 W3 AWL noun 1  [uncountable] the activities that are involved in managing the work of a company or organization 〔公司或机构的〕管理,行政 We’re looking for someone with experience in administration. 我们正在寻找一个有管理经验的人。 The health service spends too much on administration. 医疗服务部门在行政方面花费太多。 the administration (=the people who do this work) 行政部门 the college administration 学院行政部门 2  [countable] the government of a country at a particular time 〔某一时期的〕政府 the Kennedy Administration 肯尼迪政府 The problem has been ignored by successive administrations. 这个问题一直被历届政府所忽视。 ► see thesaurus at government 3  [uncountable] the act of administering something, especially a law, test, or medicine 执行,施行;〔药物的〕施用 administration of the administration of justice 司法 the administration of sedatives 镇静剂的施用 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] administration ★★★★☆ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词管理;经营;行政事务 Administration is the range of activities connected with organizing and supervising the way that an organization or institution functions. Too much time is spent on administration. 在管理上花费了太多时间。 ...a master's degree in business administration. 工商管理的硕士学位 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词实施;执行;监管 The administration of something is the process of organizing and supervising it. Standards in the administration of justice have degenerated... 执法标准下降了。 The cost of administration is around £500. 监管费约为500英镑。 3.N-SING 单数名词(公司或机构的)管理部门,行政部门 The administration of a company or institution is the group of people who organize and supervise it. 【搭配模式】:the N ... a member of the college administration. 学院行政部门的成员 4.N-COUNT 可数名词(尤指美国)政府 You can refer to a country's government as the administration; used especially in the United States. →see usage note at:government 【搭配模式】:oft the n N O'Leary served in federal energy posts in both the Ford and Carter administrations... 在福特和卡特两届政府执政期间,奥利里都在联邦能源机构中任职。 He urged the administration and Congress to come up with a credible package to reduce the budget deficit. 他敦促政府和国会出台一整套切实可行的方案,以缩减预算赤字。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] administration /ədˌmɪnəˈstreɪʃən/ noun plural administrations 1 a [noncount] : the activities that relate to running a company, school, or other organization经营:管理:行政 He works in hospital administration. [=his work involves management of a hospital] 他从事医院管理工作。 She has a degree in business administration. 她有企业管理学位。 b [count] : a group of people who manage the way a company, school, or other organization functions管理部门,行政机关 The editorial criticizes the college's administration for not taking a stand on the issue. 社论批评该学校的管理部门在这件事情上没有表明立场。 2 [count] or Administration a : a government or part of a government that is identified with its leader (such as a U.S. president or British prime minister)(总统、首相等)任期内的政府 We studied U.S. foreign policy in/during the Reagan Administration. [=during the time when Reagan was President] 我们研究里根政府时的美国对外政策。 the Thatcher administration 撒切尔政府 Her lecture compared the policies of this administration to the previous one. 她的讲座比较了本届政府与上一届政府的政策。 Administration officials refused to comment. 政府官员拒绝发表评论。 At first, the administration denied the allegations. 起初,政府否认了这些说法。 b : a U.S. government department美国政府部门 The drug has been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. 这种药物获得了美国食品和药物管理局的批准。 3 [noncount] : the act or process of providing or administering something实施;给予;供给 the administration of justice 司法 oral administration of the drug 这种药物的口服用法 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • admire

    [əd'maɪə(r)]     美 [əd'maɪər] vt. 钦佩;赞美;羡慕;欣赏 副词: admiringly 名词: admirer 过去式: admired 过去分词: admired 现在分词: admiring 第三人称单数: admires [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 admire 高中必修500 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版必修B1U3 /ədˈmaɪə(r)/ /ədˈmaɪər/ v. admires 0 admiring 1 admired 5 钦佩;羡慕 高考真题原句选: The Parks and Exhibitions were built for you to explore, enjoy, and admire their wonders. The real monster is man, while the gorilla is to be admired. 二、词根记忆 admire vt. 欽佩,贊賞,羨慕;稱贊,誇獎The hired admirer inspired his desire for the wire.雇傭欽佩者激發了他對鐵絲的渴望. 羨慕(ad+mire驚奇→驚喜;羨慕)[ad-加在在單詞或詞根前,表示"做…,加強…"] v. 羨慕;贊美(ad一再+mire→一再讓人驚喜→羨慕)[mir=wonder,look,表示"驚奇,看"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·mire / Ed5maiE(r) / verb [VN] 1. ~ sb / sth (for sth) | ~ sb (for doing sth) to respect sb for what they are or for what they have done 钦佩;赞赏;仰慕: I really admire your enthusiasm. 我确实钦佩你的热情。 The school is widely admired for its excellent teaching. 这所学校教学优秀,远近称誉。 You have to admire the way he handled the situation. 你不得不佩服他处理这个局面的手段。 I don't agree with her, but I admire her for sticking to her principles. 我不同意她的意见,但是我赞赏她恪守原则。 2. to look at sth and think that it is attractive and / or impressive 欣赏: He stood back to admire his handiwork. 他退后几步欣赏他的手工制品。 • ad·mir·ing adj.: She was used to receiving admiring glances from men. 她习惯了男人投来的赞赏目光。 • ad·mir·ing·ly adv. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admire /ədˈmaɪə $ -ˈmaɪr/ ●●● S3 verb [transitive] 1  to respect and like someone because they have done something that you think is good, or to respect their qualities or skills 钦佩,赞美,羡慕 I really admire the way she brings up those kids all on her own. 我十分佩服她独力把那些孩子抚养大。 admire somebody for (doing) something Lewis was much admired for his work on medieval literature. 刘易斯因其对中世纪文学的研究而备受赞誉。 2  to look at something and think how beautiful or impressive it is 欣赏,观赏 We stopped halfway to admire the view. 我们中途停下来观赏风景。 Sal stood back to admire her work. 萨尔退后几步欣赏她的作品。 3. admire somebody from afar literary to be attracted to someone, without letting them know 暗恋某人;暗自仰慕某人 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admire ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词钦佩;欣赏;羡慕 If you admire someone or something, you like and respect them very much. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n for n/-ing I admired her when I first met her and I still think she's marvellous... 初次见面时,我就非常佩服她,时至今日我仍然认为她很出色。 He admired the way she had coped with life... 他欣赏她处世的方式。 All those who knew him will admire him for his work. 所有认识他的人都敬佩他所做的工作。 2.VERB 动词欣赏;观赏 If you admire someone or something, you look at them with pleasure. 【语法信息】:V n We took time to stop and admire the view. 我们特意驻足欣赏风景。 3.See also:admiring; [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admire /ədˈmajɚ/ verb admires; admired; admiring [+ object] 1 : to feel respect or approval for (someone or something)钦佩,赞赏 I admired the way he handled the crisis. = I admired how he handled the crisis. 我佩服他处理危机的方式。 We all admire her courage. = We all admire her for her courage. = She is much admired for her courage. 我们都佩服她的勇气。 2 : to look at (something or someone) with enjoyment欣赏 We gazed out the window and admired the scenery. 我们注视着窗外,欣赏外面的风景。 — admirer noun, plural admirers [count] an admirer of modern art 现代艺术的欣赏者 a beautiful woman who has many admirers 有很多爱慕者的美女 — admiring adjective [more admiring; most admiring] She received many admiring glances as she walked into the room. 她走进房间时,吸引了很多欣赏的目光。 — admiringly /ədˈmaɪrɪŋli/ adverb [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • admit

    [əd'mɪt]     美 [əd'mɪt]     vt. 承认;允许进入;给…进入的权利;容纳 vi. 承认;允许进入;允许 过去式: admitted 过去分词: admitted 现在分词: admitting 第三人称单数: admits [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 admit 高中必修500 全国卷频次:15 教材出处:译林版必修B2U2 /ədˈmɪt/ v. admits 1 admitting 1 admitted 6 承认 高考真题原句选: The schools themselves admit that not all children will be successful in the profession for which they are being trained. The country singer, 65, was admitted to a hospital near her home in Hurricane Mills. Designer Jennifer Anderson admits it took her a while to come around to the opinion that using nutria fur for her creations is morally acceptable. Admitting failure is shameful. When you apologize, give your friend a chance to admit that he has been wrong. Children under 12 years accompanied by an adult are admitted free. (2022全国乙卷) 二、词组|习惯用语 admit of 容许,有…的可能 三、词根记忆 admit vt. 承認,供認;准許…進入,准許…加入The committee admits it committed an omission in commissioning the mission.委員會承認它在委任使團時犯的疏忽. v. 許可入學等;承認(ad+mit→送來→許可進入)[miss,mit=send,cast,表示"送,放出"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admit / Ed5mit / verb (-tt-) ACCEPT TRUTH 承认事实 1. ~ (to sth / to doing sth) | ~ (to sb) (that...) to agree, often unwillingly, that sth is true (常指勉强)承认 SYN confess : ▪ [V] She admits to being strict with her children. 她承认对自己的孩子很严厉。 Don't be afraid to admit to your mistakes. 不要怕认错。 It was a stupid thing to do, I admit. 我承认,那次干的是件蠢事。 ▪ [VN] He admitted all his mistakes. 他承认了全部错误。 She stubbornly refuses to admit the truth. 她顽固地拒不承认事实。 Why don't you just admit defeat (= recognize that you cannot do sth) and let someone else try ? 你干吗不干脆承认自己不行,让别人来试试? Admit it! You were terrified! 承认了吧!你吓坏了! ▪ [V (that)] They freely admit (that) they still have a lot to learn. 他们坦率承认,他们要学的东西还很多。 I couldn't admit to my parents that I was finding the course difficult. 我无法向父母实话实说,我觉得这门课程很难。 You must admit that it all sounds very strange. 你必须承认这一切听起来很古怪。 ▪ [VN that] It was generally admitted that the government had acted too quickly. 普遍认为,政府行动过急。 ▪ [V speech] 'I'm very nervous,' she admitted reluctantly. "我很紧张。"她不愿意地承认说。 ▪ [VN to inf] The appointment is now generally admitted to have been a mistake. 现在公认那次任命是一个错误。 HELP This pattern is only used in the passive. 此句型仅用于被动语态。 ACCEPT BLAME 承认责任 2. ~ (to sth / to doing sth) to say that you have done sth wrong or illegal 承认(过错、罪行);招认;招供 SYN confess to : ▪ [V] She admitted to having stolen the car. 她供认偷了那辆轿车。 He refused to admit to the other charges. 他拒不承认其他指控。 ▪ [VN] She admitted theft. 她招认了偷窃行为。 He refused to admit his guilt. 他拒不认罪。 ▪ [V -ing] She admitted having driven the car without insurance. 她供认驾驶了这辆没有保险的轿车。 ALLOW TO ENTER / JOIN 准许进入/加入 3. [VN] ~ sb / sth (to / into sth) to allow sb / sth to enter a place 准许进入(某处): Each ticket admits six adult. 每张票只准许一位成人入场。 The narrow windows admit little light into the room. 窗户狭窄,只有少量光线可以照进房间。 You will not be admitted to the theatre after the performance has started. 演出开始后不许进入剧场。 4. [VN] ~ sb (to / into sth) to allow sb to become a member of a club, a school, or an organization 准许加入(俱乐部、组织);接收(入学): The society admits all US citizens over 21. 凡 21 岁以上的美国公民均可加入该社团。 Women were only admitted into the club last year. 这家俱乐部去年才接纳女会员。 TO HOSPITAL 医院 5. [VN] [often passive] ~ sb to / into a hospital, an institution, etc. to take sb to a hospital, or other institution where they can receive special care 接收入院;收治: Two crash victims were admitted to the local hospital. 两位车祸受害者已送进当地医院。 PHRASAL VERBS ▪ ad'mit of sth (formal) to show that sth is possible or probable as a solution, an explanation, etc. 容许,有…可能(指解决办法、解释等) [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admit /ədˈmɪt/ ●●● S2 W1 verb (admitted, admitting) 1  ACCEPT TRUTH 接受事实 [intransitive, transitive] to agree unwillingly that something is true or that someone else is right 〔不情愿地〕承认 ‘Okay, so maybe I was a little bit scared, ’ Jenny admitted. “行了,也许我是有点害怕。”珍妮承认道。 admit (that) You may not like her, but you have to admit that she’s good at her job. 你也许不喜欢她,但你不得不承认她很能干。 admit to somebody (that) Paul admitted to me that he sometimes feels jealous of my friendship with Stanley. 保罗向我承认,说他有时候妒忌我与斯坦利的友谊。 I must admit, I didn’t actually do anything to help her. 我必须承认,实际上我并没有帮她什么忙。 Admit it! I’m right, aren’t I? 承认吧!我对了,是不是? admit (to) doing something Dana admitted feeling hurt by what I had said. 达娜承认我说的话伤了她的感情。 freely/openly/frankly etc admit (=admit without being ashamed) 直率地/公开/坦白承认等 Phillips openly admits to having an alcohol problem. 菲利普斯公开承认有酗酒问题。 2  ACCEPT BLAME 承担责任 [intransitive, transitive] to say that you have done something wrong, especially something criminal 承认 〔过错,尤指罪行〕 SYN confess OPP deny admit doing something Greene admitted causing death by reckless driving. 格林承认自己鲁莽驾驶,致人死亡。 admit to (doing) something A quarter of all workers admit to taking time off when they are not ill. 四分之一的工人承认他们没病也请过病假。 After questioning, he admitted to the murder. 经过盘问,他承认自己是凶手。 No organization has admitted responsibility for the bombing. 没有组织承认对这宗爆炸案负责。 ► see thesaurus at admit 3  ALLOW TO ENTER 准许进入 [transitive] to allow someone to enter a public place to watch a game, performance etc 允许…进入 → admittance, admission admit somebody to/into something Only ticket-holders will be admitted into the stadium. 只有持票者才可进入体育场。  Register 4  ALLOW TO JOIN 准许加入 [transitive] to allow someone to join an organization, club etc 允许…加入;接纳 admit somebody to/into something Drake was admitted into the club in 1997. 1997年德雷克被那家俱乐部接纳为会员。 5  HOSPITAL 医院 [transitive] if people at a hospital admit someone, that person is taken in to be given treatment, tests, or care 接收…入院,收治 What time was she admitted? 她什么时候入院的? be admitted to hospital British English, be admitted to the hospital American English 被医院收治 6  admit defeat to stop trying to do something because you realize you cannot succeed 承认失败,认输 For Haskill, selling the restaurant would be admitting defeat. 对哈斯基尔来说,卖掉餐厅就是承认失败。 7  admit evidence to allow a particular piece of evidence to be used in a court of law 〔法庭上〕接纳证据 8 admit of something phrasal verb formal if a situation admits of a particular explanation, that explanation can be accepted as possible 容许有 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admit ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词(常指不情愿地)承认,供认 If you admit that something bad, unpleasant, or embarrassing is true, you agree, often unwillingly, that it is true. 【语法信息】:V that 【语法信息】:V to -ing/n 【语法信息】:V -ing 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V with quote I am willing to admit that I do make mistakes... 我愿意承认我确实会犯错。 Up to two thirds of 14 to 16 year olds admit to buying drink illegally... 14到16岁的青少年中多达2/3的人承认非法买过酒。 I'd be ashamed to admit feeling jealous... 我不好意思承认自己的嫉妒之心。 None of these people will admit responsibility for their actions... 这些人都不会愿意为自己的行为负责。 'Actually, most of my tennis is at club level,' he admitted. “说实话,我的网球基本上属于业余水平,”他承认说。 2.VERB 动词接受(入院);收治 If someone is admitted to hospital, they are taken into hospital for treatment and kept there until they are well enough to go home. 【语法信息】:be V-ed to n 【语法信息】:be V-ed 【搭配模式】:usu passive She was admitted to hospital with a soaring temperature... 她因发高烧被送进医院。 He was admitted yesterday for treatment of blood clots in his lungs. 他昨天入院治疗肺部的血块。 3.VERB 动词准许…加入;接纳;招收 If someone is admitted to an organization or group, they are allowed to join it. 【语法信息】:be V-ed to n 【语法信息】:V n He was admitted to the Academie Culinaire de France... 他获准加入法兰西厨艺学会。 The Parachute Regiment could be forced to admit women. 伞兵团可能会被迫招收女性。 4.VERB 动词准许…进入 To admit someone to a place means to allow them to enter it. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V n to n Embassy security personnel refused to admit him or his wife... 使馆保安人员不允许他和夫人进入。 Journalists are rarely admitted to the region. 新闻记者很少获准进入该地区。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] admit /ədˈmɪt/ verb admits; admitted; admitting [+ object] 1 : to say usually in an unwilling way that you accept or do not deny the truth or existence of (something)(勉强)承认,接受 He admitted (to me) that he didn't know the answer. 他(向我)承认他不知道答案。 You know you're wrong. Why don't you admit it? [=why don't you say that you're wrong?] 你知道错了,为什么不承认呢? You know you're wrong! Admit it! 你知道是你错了!承认了吧! He finally admitted his mistake. [=he stopped denying that he had made a mistake] 他最终承认了错误。 I hate to admit it, but he's right. 我不愿意承认这一点,但他是对的。 He admitted his guilt. = He admitted that he was guilty. = He admitted being guilty. 他承认自己有罪。 I didn't think I'd like the movie, but I have to admit that it was good. = The movie was good, I have to admit (it). = The movie was good, I must admit. 我本以为不会喜欢这部电影但不得不承认这是部好电影。 She has refused to admit defeat. [=to admit that she has been defeated] 她不肯认输。 — see also admit to (below) 2 : to let in (someone or something)准许进入: such as a : to allow (someone) to enter a place准许(某人)进入某地 This ticket admits one person. 这张票允许一人进场。 He admitted them into his office. 他让他们进了自己的办公室。 b : to allow (someone) to join a club, group, etc.准许(某人)加入;接纳 They refused to admit her to/into the club. 他们不接纳她加入俱乐部。 c : to accept (someone) as a patient in a hospital接收(某人)入院治疗 The patient was very sick when she was admitted to the hospital. 那位女病人入院时已病得很重。 He was admitted last night for chest pains. 昨晚他因胸口疼痛而住院治疗。 d law : to allow (something) to be considered as evidence in a legal case允许作为证据 The judge decided to admit the evidence. 法官决定采纳这个证据。 admit of [phrasal verb] admit of (something) formal : to allow or permit (something, such as an answer or solution)容许(答案或方案等) a question that admits of two possible answers 容许有两个答案的问题 admit to [phrasal verb] admit to (something) : to admit (something) : to acknowledge the truth or existence of (something)承认;供认;招认 He reluctantly admitted to knowing her. [=he admitted knowing her] 他不情愿地承认认识她。 He admitted to his guilt. = He admitted to being guilty. 他认罪了。 — see also admit 1 (above) — admitted adjective, always used before a noun He is an admitted liar. [=he has admitted that he lied] 他对说谎直认不讳。 — admittedly /ədˈmɪtədli/ adverb The movie was a success. Admittedly, it cost much more than expected. [=I admit that it cost much more than expected] 电影很成功。但无可否认,花费比预期高出很多。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adopt

    [ə'dɒpt]     美 [ə'dɑːpt]     v. 采用;收养;接受 形容词: adoptable 名词: adopter 过去式: adopted 过去分词: adopted 现在分词: adopting 第三人称单数: adopts [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adopt 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B3U3 /əˈdɔpt/ v. adopts 0 adopting 2 adopted 1 采用;收养,领养 高考真题原句选: What seems strange, however, is that the standard adopted for women is the opposite of the one for men. For disabled people, “adopting a wheelchair” is not a temporary experiment. 二、词组|习惯用语 adopt various methods 采取不同办法 三、词根记忆词典 adopt vt. 采用,采取(態度等);選定;收養The optional helicopter is adopted to help the optimistic helpless in the hell.可選用的直升飛機被用來幫助地獄裏那些樂觀的無助者. 收養;采納(ad+opt選擇→選出來→采納)[ad-加在在單詞或詞根前,表示"做…,加強…"] v. 采納;收養(ad增加+opt→通過選擇增加→采納)[opt=choose,表示"選擇"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adopt / E5dCpt; NAmE E5dB:pt / verb CHILD 小孩 1. to take sb else's child into your family and become its legal parent(s) 收养;领养: ▪ [V] a campaign to encourage childless couples to adopt 鼓励无子女夫妇领养孩子的运动 ▪ [VN] to adopt a child 领养孩子 She was forced to have her baby adopted. 她被迫把婴儿给人收养。 ⇨ compare foster METHOD 方法 2. [VN] to start to use a particular method or to show a particular attitude towards sb / sth 采用(某方法);采取(某态度): All seven teams adopted different approaches to the problem. 三个队处理这个问题的方法各不相同。 SUGGESTION 建议 3. [VN] to formally accept a suggestion or policy by voting 正式通过,表决采纳(建议、政策等): to adopt a resolution 通过一项决议 The council is expected to adopt the new policy at its next meeting. 委员会有望在下次会议上正式通过这项新政策。 NEW NAME / COUNTRY 新名字/国家 4. [VN] to choose a new name, a country, a custom, etc. and begin to use it as your own 选用(名字等);移居(某国);承袭(风俗): to adopt a name / title / language 取名;袭用头衔;采用某语言 Early Christians in Europe adopted many of the practices of the older, pagan religions. 欧洲早期的基督教徒承袭了更古老的一些异教的许多习俗。 WAY OF BEHAVING 行为方式 5. [VN] (formal) to use a particular manner, way of speaking, expression, etc. 采用(某种举止、说话方式等): He adopted an air of indifference. 他摆出一副满不在乎的样子。 CANDIDATE 候选人 6. [VN] ~ sb (as sth) (BrE) (politics 政) to choose sb as a candidate in an election or as a representative 选定,选举(某人为候选人或代表): She was adopted as parliamentary candidate for Wood Green. 她被推举为伍德格林选区的议员候选人。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adopt /əˈdɒpt $ əˈdɑːpt/ ●●○ S3 W2 verb 1  CHILD 孩子 [intransitive, transitive] to take someone else’s child into your home and legally become its parent 收养,领养 → foster Sally was adopted when she was four. 莎莉四岁时被人收养。 The couple are unable to have children of their own, but hope to adopt. 那对夫妇自己无法生育,但希望领养孩子。 2  adopt an approach/policy/attitude etc to start to deal with or think about something in a particular way 采用某种方法/政策/态度等 The courts were asked to adopt a more flexible approach to young offenders. 法庭被要求对少年犯采取更为灵活的处理方法。 The store recently adopted a drug testing policy for all new employees. 这家商店近来实行新雇员一律要做药检的政策。 California has adopted a tough stance on the issue. 加利福尼亚州对这一问题持强硬立场。 3  STYLE/MANNER 作风/方式 [transitive] to use a particular style of speaking, writing, or behaving, especially one that you do not usually use 采取,采用〔不常用的说话、写作或行为方式〕 Kim adopts a southern accent when speaking to family back home. 基姆和老家的亲人讲话就操南方口音。 4  LAW/RULE 法律/法规 [transitive] to formally approve a proposal, amendment etc, especially by voting 正式通过,批准〔尤以投票方式〕 Congress finally adopted the law after a two-year debate. 经过两年辩论,国会最终通过了这项法律。 5  NAME/COUNTRY ETC 名字/国家等 [transitive] to choose a new name, country, custom etc, especially to replace a previous one 选定〔名字〕;移居〔国家〕;采纳〔习俗〕 Stevens became a Muslim and adopted the name Yusuf Islam. 史蒂文斯成为穆斯林后取名优素福·伊斯兰。 Becoming a member of a society means adopting its values. 成为某个社会的一员意味着要接纳这个社会的价值观。 6. ELECTION 选举 [transitive] British English to officially choose someone to represent a political party in an election 提名…为候选人 —adopter noun [countable] —adoptee /əˌdɒpˈtiː $ əˌdɑːp-/ noun [countable] Origin adopt (1400-1500) French adopter, from Latin adoptare, from ad- “to” + optare “to choose” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adopt ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词采取;采纳;采用 If you adopt a new attitude, plan, or way of behaving, you begin to have it. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:Also V n as n Parliament adopted a resolution calling for the complete withdrawal of troops... 议会采纳了要求全部撤军的决议。 Pupils should be helped to adopt a positive approach to the environment. 应帮助学生对环境采取积极的态度。 adoption ...the adoption of Japanese management practices by British manufacturing. 英国制造业采取日本的管理方法 2.VERB 动词收养;领养 If you adopt someone else's child, you take it into your own family and make it legally your son or daughter. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【语法信息】:Also V There are hundreds of people desperate to adopt a child... 有数以百计的人渴望领养孩子。 The adopted child has the right to see his birth certificate. 被收养的孩子有权看自己的出生证明。 adopter A social worker is appointed to interview the prospective adopters. 一名社工被任命对有意收养者进行面试。 adoption They gave their babies up for adoption... 他们放弃自己的婴儿,让别人领养。 The majority of adoptions are successful. 大多数的收养都是成功的。 3.VERB 动词采用,保持(姿势) If you adopt a physical position, you move yourself into it. 【语法信息】:V n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 I tried to adopt a curled-up position to avoid damaging my limbs. 我努力保持蜷曲的姿势以免四肢受伤。 4.VERB 动词移居(某国);选择(某国)定居 If you adopt a country, you choose it as a place to live. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed Podulski had joined the U.S. Navy as an aviator, adopting a new country and a new profession. 波度尔斯基加入美国海军当上了飞行员,不仅改了国籍还换了行当。 ...their adopted home in England. 他们移居英国的家 5.VERB 动词采用(语气、口音等) If you adopt an accent or a particular tone of voice, you speak differently from normal, especially to create an effect in a particular situation. 【语法信息】:V n He has adopted the accent of a Second World War newscaster... 他承袭了二战时期播音员的口音。 The girl was uncertain what to do, or what tone of voice to adopt. 女孩不知道该做什么,也不知道该用什么口气说。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adopt /əˈdɑːpt/ verb adopts; adopted; adopting 1 : to take a child of other parents legally as your own child收养,领养;过继 [no object] They were unable to have children of their own, so they decided to adopt. 他们自己不能生育,所以决定收养孩子。 [+ object] They decided to adopt a child. 他们决定收养一个孩子。 He was adopted as an infant. 他还是个婴儿时就被人收养了。 2 [+ object] a : to begin to use or have (a different manner, method, etc.)采纳,采取,采用(别种方式、方法等) Their boss has recently adopted a friendlier manner. [=has started behaving in a friendlier way] 他们的老板最近采取了更友好的态度。 Did he adopt your point of view? 他采纳你的观点了吗? We adopted some of the local customs. 我们采纳了当地的一些习俗。 b : to begin to use (a name that is not your real or original name)采用(新名字) The author Samuel Clemens adopted the name “Mark Twain.” 作者塞缪尔·克莱门斯采用了马克·吐温这个名字。 c : to live in (a country that is not your original country) and regard it as your home移居;定居 He was born in England but he has adopted Canada as his home. 他出生在英格兰,但是移居到了加拿大。 3 [+ object] : to accept or approve (something, such as a proposal) in a formal or official way正式通过,批准(建议等) The assembly adopted a new constitution. 议会批准了新宪法。 The resolution was unanimously adopted by the Senate. 这项决议在参议院获得一致通过。 4 [+ object] chiefly British : to select (someone) officially as a candidate提名(某人)为候选人 The party adopted [=selected, chose] her as its candidate for mayor. 该政党提名她为市长候选人。 — adopted adjective an adopted child [=a child who has been adopted] 被收养的孩子 She is their adopted daughter. 她是他们的养女。 “Mark Twain” was the adopted name of Samuel Clemens. 马克·吐温是塞缪尔·克莱门斯的笔名。 Canada is his adopted country. 加拿大是他移居的国家。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adorable

    [ə'dɔːrəbl]     美 [ə'dɔːrəbl]     adj. 值得崇敬的;可爱的 副词: adorably 名词: adorability [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adorable 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U1 /əˈdɔːrəbəl/ a. 可崇拜的,可爱的 高考真题原句选: The adorable female calf (幼崽) is the second black rhino (犀牛) born this year at the reserve. 二、词组|习惯用语 adorable dispatch 径向加速度 Adorable Vintage 可爱葡萄酒 Adorable Peach 惹人喜爱的粉红色 Adorable Lola 影片名称 Adorable Particularly 造型可爱又特别 The Adorable 小可爱 And Adorable 和可爱 divinely adorable 值得崇拜地五体投地 adorable administration 径向 How Adorable 怎么可爱 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adorable ador·able / E5dC:rEbl / adjective very attractive and easy to feel love for 可爱的;讨人喜爱的: What an adorable child! 多可爱的小孩呀! • ador·ably / -Ebli / adv. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adorable /əˈdɔːrəbəl/ adjective someone or something that is adorable is so attractive that they fill you with feelings of love 可爱的;讨人喜欢的 Oh what an adorable little baby! 啊,多么可爱的小宝宝! [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adorable ★☆☆☆☆ 1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词可爱的;讨人喜爱的 If you say that someone or something is adorable, you are emphasizing that they are very attractive and you feel great affection for them. 【语用信息】:emphasis We have three adorable children. 我们有3个可爱的孩子。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adorable /əˈdorəbəl/ adjective [more adorable; most adorable] : very appealing or attractive : very lovable可爱的;讨人喜欢的 He is an adorable [=delightful] child. 他是个可爱的孩子。 They live in an adorable little cottage. 他们住在一座可爱的小屋里。 — adorably /əˈdorəbli/ adverb an adorably cute child 讨人喜欢的聪明孩子 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adult

    ['ædʌlt]     美 ['ædʌlt]     n. 成年人;成年动物 adj. 成年的;理智的;适合成年人的;成熟的 名词: adulthood US: [ˈædʌltˌhʊd] UK: [ˈædʌltˌhʊd] n. 成年 Web 成年期;成人期 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adult 高中必修500 全国卷频次:14 教材出处:译林版必修B1U2 /ˈædʌlt, əˈdʌlt/ n. adults 9 成年人同义词grown-up 高考真题原句选: Talk to trusted adult, such as parent or other relatives. A recent study showed that two out of five adults now consider the environmental safety of a product before they buy it. Some people live with their elderly parents; many more adult children are returning to the family home, if they ever left. Why did the author feel bitter about her father as a young adult? [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adult / 5AdQlt; E5dQlt / noun 1. a fully grown person who is legally responsible for their actions (法律上指能为自己的行为负责的)成年人 SYN grown-up : Children must be accompanied by an adult. 儿童必须要有大人陪同。 Why can't you ten act like civilized adults? 你们俩为什么就不能像有教养的成年人那样行事呢? 2. a fully grown animal 成年动物: The fish return to the river as adults in order to breed. 这种鱼长成以后回到河中产卵。 adjective 1. fully grown or developed 成年的;发育成熟的: preparing young people for adult life 指导年轻人准备过成人生活 the adult population 成年人口 adult monkeys 长成的猴子 2. behaving in an intelligent and responsible way; typical of what is expected of an adult (智力、思想、行为)成熟的,成人的 SYN grown-up : When my parents split up, it was all very adult and open. 我父母离异时,事情处理得很成熟、很开放。 3. [only before noun] intended for adults only, because it is about sex or contains violence 仅限成人的(因有色情或暴力内容): an adult movie 仅供成人观看的电影 ⇨ see also adulthood [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adult1 /ˈædʌlt, əˈdʌlt/ ●●● S2 W2 AWL noun [countable] 1  a fully-grown person, or one who is considered to be legally responsible for their actions 成人,成年人 → child Some children find it difficult to talk to adults. 一些孩子觉得与大人很难谈得来。 2  a fully-grown animal 成年动物 The adults have white bodies and grey backs. 这些成年动物的身体为白色,背部为灰色。 adult2 ●●● W3 AWL adjective 1  [only before noun] fully grown or developed 发育成熟的,成年的 an adult lion 一头成年的狮子 the adult population 成年人口 He lived most of his adult life in Scotland. 他成年后大部分时间住在苏格兰。 2  typical of an adult’s behaviour or of the things adults do 成人的;老成的,成熟的 dealing with problems in an adult way 以成人的方式处理问题 That wasn’t very adult of you. 你那样就不是很成熟了。 3  [only before noun] adult films, magazines etc are about sex or related to sex 〔电影、杂志等〕仅限于成人的〔因涉及性〕 The film is rated R for language and adult themes. 这部影片因为语言和成人题材被定为限制级。 Origin adult2 (1500-1600) Latin past participle of adolescere “to grow up” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adult ★★★★☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词(法律意义上的)成年人 An adult is a mature, fully developed person. An adult has reached the age when they are legally responsible for their actions. Becoming a father signified that he was now an adult... 当了父亲意味着他已是个成年人了。 Children under 14 must be accompanied by an adult. 14岁以下的儿童必须由成人陪同。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词成年动物 An adult is a fully developed animal. 【搭配模式】:oft N n ...a pair of adult birds. 一对成年鸟 3.ADJ 形容词成年的;属于成人的 Adult means relating to the time when you are an adult, or typical of adult people. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n I've lived most of my adult life in London. 我成年之后的大部分时间都是在伦敦度过的。 4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词成熟的;老成的 If you say that someone is adult about something, you think that they act in a mature, intelligent way, especially when faced with a difficult situation. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ 【语用信息】:approval We were very adult about it. We discussed it rationally over a drink. 在这件事上我们表现得很成熟。我们一边喝酒一边心平气和地谈了谈。 ...dealing with emerging sexuality in an adult way. 平静对待出现的性征 5.ADJ 形容词(涉及性内容的电影或书籍)仅限于成人的 You can describe things such as films or books as adult when they deal with sex in a very clear and open way. ...an adult movie. 成人电影 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 adult /əˈdʌlt/ /ˈæˌdʌlt/ noun plural adults [count] : a fully grown person or animal成年人;成年动物 Her books appeal both to children and to adults. 孩子和大人都喜欢她的书。 Children must be accompanied by an adult in the museum. 孩子们参观博物馆必须有成人陪同。 Only adults can purchase alcohol. 只有成年人可以买酒。 This film is for adults only. Minors are not admitted. 这部影片仅限成年人观看。未成年人不得入内。 People who are close friends as children aren't always friends as adults. 孩提时候的好朋友,成年后不一定还是朋友。 studying interactions between young birds and adults 研究幼鸟与成鸟之间的互动 2 adult /əˈdʌlt/ /ˈæˌdʌlt/ adjective always used before a noun except in sense 2 1 : fully grown and developed成年的;发育成熟的 an adult student/learner 成年学生/学习者 adult birds 成年鸟 I've worked here all of my adult life. [=I've worked here since I became an adult] 成年以后我一直在这里工作。 preparing children for adult life 让孩子们为成年以后的生活做好准备 2 [more adult; most adult] : mature and sensible : not childish成熟的;理智的 We need to approach this in an adult way. 我们需要理智地处理这件事。 an adult decision/choice/responsibility 成熟的决定;理智的选择;成年人的责任 3 : of or intended for adults(为)成人的 adult literacy 成人扫盲 adult learning 成人学习 4 : dealing with sexual material成人的;与性有关的 adult bookstores/movies 成人书店/电影 — adulthood /əˈdʌltˌhʊd/ noun, plural adulthoods [noncount] preparing children for adulthood 让孩子们为成年做好准备 [count] preparing children for their adulthoods 让孩子们为成年做好准备 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advance

    [əd'vɑːns]     美 [əd'væns]     n. 前进;进展;预付金 v. 前进;预付;增长;推进 adj. 预先的;提前的 名词: advancer 过去式: advanced 过去分词: advanced 现在分词: advancing 第三人称单数: advances [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advance 高中必修500 全国卷频次:12 教材出处:译林版必修B1U1 /ədˈvɑːns/ /ədˈvæns/ n.&v. advances 2 advances 0 advancing 0 advanced 8 将…提前;推进,促进;预付;前进;进展 & 进步;前进 高考真题原句选: Advance reservations required. A French woman scientist made a major advance in working out the problem. They paid Tracy a $50,000 advance. It doesn’t feel as alone as it may have before all the advances in technology. Which tour do you need to book in advance? 二、词组|习惯用语 in advance adv. 预先,提前 in advance of 超过;在…前面 advance in 进步;改进 with the advance of 随着…的增加;随着(时间)的推移 an advance 预付款 on the advance (物价)在上涨 advance payment 预付款 advance notice 预先通知 advance with the times 与时俱进;与时代发展同步伐 advance booking 预订(机票等) payment in advance 预付货款 make advances 接近;预付;取得进步 well in advance 大大提前 advance warning 事前警告(警报) advance development 先期发展;超前掘进 cash advance 预付现金 advance towards 朝…前进 spark advance 点火提前;火花提早 advance guard 军队前卫,先头部队;先锋派 advance with times 与时俱进 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·vance / Ed5vB:ns; NAmE -5vAns / noun FORWARD MOVEMENT 向前运动 1. [C] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces (尤指武装部队的)前进,行进: We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow. 我们担心接下来会马上向首都推进。 DEVELOPMENT 发展 2. [C, U] ~ (in sth) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding 进步;进展: recent advances in medical science 医学的最新进展 We live in an age of rapid technological advance. 我们生活在技术迅猛发展的时代。 MONEY 金钱 3. [C, usually sing.] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected 预付款: They offered an advance of £5 000 after the signing of the contract. 他们在合同签订后预付了 5 000 英镑。 She asked for an advance on her salary. 她要求预支薪金。 SEXUAL 两性 4. advances [pl.] attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb 勾引;求爱;追求: He had made advances to one of his students. 他曾追求过他的一个学生。 PRICE INCREASE 涨价 5. [C] ~ (on sth) (business 商) an increase in the price or value of sth (价格、价值的)上涨,提高: Share prices showed significant advances. 股票价格大幅上涨。 IDIOMS ▪ in advance (of sth) 1. before the time that is expected; before sth happens (时间上)在…前;预先;事先: a week / month / year in advance 提前一星期/一月/一年 It's cheaper if you book the tickets in advance. 预订票要便宜一些。 People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane. 飓风袭来之前,沿海地带的人已经撤离。 2. more developed than sb / sth else (发展上)超前: Galileo's ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived. 伽利略的思想远远超越了他所处的时代。 verb MOVE FORWARD 向前运动 1. [V] ~ (on / towards sb / sth) to move forward towards sb / sth, often in order to attack or threaten them or it (为了进攻、威胁等)前进,行进: The mob advanced on us, shouting angrily. 暴民愤怒地喊叫着向我们逼近。 The troops were finally given the order to advance. 部队终于得到前进的命令。 They had advanced 20 miles by nightfall. 夜幕降临时,他们已推进了 20 英里。 the advancing Allied troops 节节挺进的盟军部队 ⇨ compare retreat DEVELOP 发展 2. if knowledge, technology, etc. advances, it develops and improves (知识、技术等)发展,进步 ▪ [V] Our knowledge of the disease has advanced considerably over recent years. 近年来我们对这种疾病的了解深入多了。 ▪ [VN] This research has done much to advance our understanding of language learning. 这项研究大大提高了我们对语言学习的认识。 HELP TO SUCCEED 促进 3. [VN] to help sth to succeed 促进;推动 SYN further : Studying for new qualifications is one way of advancing your career. 为提高学历而进修是促进事业发展的一个办法。 They worked together to advance the cause of democracy. 他们合力推动民主事业。 MONEY 金钱 4. ~ sth (to sb) | ~ (sb) sth to give sb money before the time it would usually be paid 预付 ▪ [VN VNN] We are willing to advance the money to you. 我们愿意预付款给你。 We will advance you the money. 我们将把款子预付给你。 SUGGEST 建议 5. [VN] (formal) to suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to discuss 提出(想法、理论、计划) SYN put forward : The article advances a new theory to explain changes in the climate. 这篇文章提出了一个解释气候变化的新理论。 MAKE EARLIER 提前 6. [VN] (formal) to change the time or date of an event so that it takes place earlier 提前;提早 SYN bring forward : The date of the trial has been advanced by one week. 审判日期提前了一星期。 OPP postpone MOVE FORWARD 向前运动 7. (formal) to move forward to a later part of sth; to move sth forward to a later part 向前推(至下一步);(使)向前移动: ▪ [V] Users advance through the program by answering a series of questions. 用户通过回答一系列问题,逐步完成整个程序。 ▪ [VN] This button advances the tape to the beginning of the next track. 这个按钮可使录音带转到下一个节目的开始。 INCREASE 增加 8. [V] (business 商) (of prices, costs, etc. 价格、成本等) to increase in price or amount 上涨;增加: Oil shares advanced amid economic recovery hopes. 在一片经济复苏的希望中石油股票价格上涨。 adjective [only before noun] 1. done or given before sth is going to happen 预先的;事先的: Please give us advance warning of any changes. 如有变动,请事先通知我们。 We need advance notice of the numbers involved. 我们需要事先得知涉及的数量。 No advance booking is necessary on most departures. 大多数起程票无须预订。 2. ~ party / team a group of people who go somewhere first, before the main group 先遣队;先头部队 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advance1 /ədˈvɑːns $ ədˈvæns/ ●●○ W3 noun 1  in advance (of something) before something happens or is expected to happen 预先,提前;(在某事)发生之前 I should warn you in advance that I’m not a very good dancer. 我要先提醒你,我跳舞不是很好。 Many thanks, in advance, for your help. 对你的帮助预先表示万分感谢。 six months/a year etc in advance Book tickets 21 days in advance. 请提前21天订票。 Could you distribute copies well in advance of the meeting? 开会前把复印件早早分发下去,好吗? 2  be in advance of somebody/something to be more developed or modern than someone or something else 超前于某人/某物;比某事物先进 Their aircraft were in advance of those used by the US. 他们的飞机比美国人用的要先进。 3  DEVELOPMENT/IMPROVEMENT 发展/改进 [countable] a change, discovery, or invention that brings progress 进步,进展 technological/scientific/medical etc advance one of the great technological advances of the 20th century 20世纪伟大的科技进步之一 a major advance 一项重大进展 advance in Recent advances in genetics have raised moral questions. 遗传学的最新进展引起了道德上的争议。 advance on an advance on previous treatments 对以往治疗方法的改进 the advances made in the understanding of mental handicap 在了解智障方面取得的进步 ► see thesaurus at progress 4  FORWARD MOVEMENT 向前的移动 [countable] forward movement or progress of a group of people – used especially to talk about soldiers 前进,推进〔尤指士兵〕 advance on the enemy’s advance on St. Petersburg 敌军向圣彼得堡推进 5  MONEY 金钱 [countable usually singular] money paid to someone before the usual time, especially someone’s salary 预付款 a $500 advance 500美元预付款 advance on Krebs decided to ask for an advance on his salary. 克雷布斯决定要求预支薪水。 6  advances [plural] formal an attempt to start a sexual relationship with someone 求爱;挑逗,勾引 She accused her boss of making advances to her. 她指控老板勾引她。 The witness said that he ‘went berserk’ when she rejected his sexual advances. 证人称,她拒绝他的挑逗,他便“勃然大怒”。 7. INCREASE 增加 [countable] an increase in the price or value of something – used especially when talking about the stock exchange 〔价格或价值的〕上涨,攀升〔尤用于证券交易〕 Related topics: Chronology advance2 ●●○ W3 verb 1  MOVE FORWARD 向前移动 [intransitive] to move towards someone or something, especially in a slow and determined way – used especially to talk about soldiers 前进,推进〔尤指士兵〕 A line of US tanks slowly advanced. 一列美军坦克缓缓前进。 advance on Troops advanced on the rebel stronghold (=moved towards it in order to attack it). 军队向叛乱分子的据点推进。 advance across/through/towards The army advanced across the plain. 军队前进穿过平原。 2  DEVELOP 发展 [intransitive, transitive] if scientific or technical knowledge advances, or if something advances it, it develops and improves (使)进展 3  MONEY 金钱 [transitive] to give someone money before they have earned it 预支 4  advance your career/a cause/your interests etc to do something that will help you achieve an advantage or success for yourself or someone else 促进职业/事业/兴趣等的发展 5. PRICE 价格 [intransitive] if the price or value of something advances, it increases – used especially when talking about the stock exchange 〔价格、价值〕上涨〔尤用于证券交易〕 6  TIME/DATE 时间/日期 [transitive] formal to change the time or date when an event should happen to an earlier time or date 提前,提早 7. MACHINE 机器 [intransitive, transitive] formal if you advance a film, clock, musical recording etc, or if it advances, it goes forward (使)〔电影、钟表、唱片等〕向前移动;把〔钟表〕拨快 → advancing advance3 adjective 1  advance planning/warning/booking etc planning etc that is done before an event 预先计划/警告/订购等 2. advance party/team a group of people who go first to a place where something will happen to prepare for it 〔提前到某地为活动做准备的〕先遣队,先遣人员 3. advance copy a copy of a book, record etc that has not yet been made available to the public 〔书的〕样本;〔唱片的〕样片 Origin advance2 (1200-1300) Old French avancier, from Vulgar Latin abantiare, from Latin abante “before” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advance ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词(常指为攻击而)前进,推进 To advance means to move forward, often in order to attack someone. 【语法信息】:V prep/adv 【语法信息】:V 【语法信息】:V-ing Reports from Chad suggest that rebel forces are advancing on the capital... 来自乍得的报告显示叛军正向首都推进。 The water is advancing at a rate of 5cm a day... 水位正以每天5厘米的速度上升。 ...a picture of a man throwing himself before an advancing tank. 一名男子冲向迎面开来的坦克的一幅照片 2.VERB 动词See also:advanced;(尤指知识)发展,进步 To advance means to make progress, especially in your knowledge of something. 【语法信息】:V Medical technology has advanced considerably... 医学技术突飞猛进。 Japan has advanced from a rural, feudal society to an urban, industrial power. 日本已从封建农业社会发展成一个城市化工业强国。 3.VERB 动词贷给;预付;预支 If you advance someone a sum of money, you lend it to them, or pay it to them earlier than arranged. 【语法信息】:V n n 【语法信息】:V n I advanced him some money, which he would repay on our way home... 我先借给他一些钱,在我们回家的路上他会还给我的。 The bank advanced $1.2 billion to help the country with debt repayments. 银行预支12亿美元帮助该国偿还债务。 4.N-COUNT 可数名词贷款;预付款 An advance is money which is lent or paid to someone before they would normally receive it. She was paid a £100,000 advance for her next two novels. 她接下来的两部小说得到了10万英镑的预付稿费。 5.VERB 动词提前(未来事件的日期);使(未来事件)提前发生 To advance an event, or the time or date of an event, means to bring it forward to an earlier time or date. 【语法信息】:V n Too much protein in the diet may advance the ageing process... 饮食中摄入过量蛋白质可能会加速衰老。 The country's election commission has advanced the date of parliamentary elections by three days. 该国的选举委员会将议会选举日期提前了3天。 6.VERB 动词促进,推动(事业、利益或主张);使加速 If you advance a cause, interest, or claim, you support it and help to make it successful. 【语法信息】:V n When not producing art of his own, Oliver was busy advancing the work of others. 奥利弗在不搞自己的艺术创作时,就会忙着帮助别人完成作品。 7.VERB 动词提出(理论、论点) When a theory or argument is advanced, it is put forward for discussion. 【语法信息】:be V-ed 【搭配模式】:usu passive Many theories have been advanced as to why some women suffer from depression... 就一些女性患抑郁症的原因,各种说法纷至沓来。 An important set of ideas have been advanced by the biologist Rupert Sheldrake. 生物学家鲁珀特·谢尔德雷克已提出了一整套重要的观点。 8.N-VAR 可变名词(常指军事行动中的)前进,行进,推进 An advance is a forward movement of people or vehicles, usually as part of a military operation. ...an advance on enemy positions... 向敌方阵地推进 The defences are intended to obstruct any advance by tanks and other vehicles. 这些防御工事用于阻止坦克等车辆前进。 9.N-PLURAL 复数名词挑逗;勾引 If you make advances to someone, you try to start a sexual relationship with them. 【STYLE标签】:OLD-FASHIONED 过时 Mark had for some time been making advances towards her... 马克追她已经有一段时间了。 She rejected his advances during the trip to Cannes. 在去往戛纳的途中,她拒绝了他的挑逗。 10.N-VAR 可变名词进步;进展 An advance in a particular subject or activity is progress in understanding it or in doing it well. Air safety has not improved since the dramatic advances of the 1970s... 航空安全自从20世纪70年代得到显著提高之后,至今再没有任何改善。 Their progress at work was mirrored by their children's educational advance. 子女在学业上有所进步,他们在工作上也就会有所起色。 11.N-SING 单数名词改进;改善 If something is an advance on what was previously available or done, it is better in some way. 【搭配模式】:usu a N on n This could be an advance on the present situation. 这样可能会改善当前状况。 12.ADJ 形容词预先的;事先的 Advance booking, notice, or warning is done or given before an event happens. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n They don't normally give any advance notice about which building they're going to inspect... 他们一般不会预先通知检查哪座大楼。 The event received little advance publicity. 关于该事件事先几乎没有报道。 13.ADJ 形容词先行的;先遣的 An advance party or group is a small group of people who go on ahead of the main group. 【搭配模式】:ADJ n The 20-strong advance party will be followed by another 600 soldiers as part of UN relief efforts. 作为联合国救援行动的一部分,在这支由20多人组成的先头部队之后还将增派600名士兵。 14.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词在…的前面;在…之前 If one thing happens or is done in advance of another, it happens or is done before the other thing. I had asked everyone to submit questions in advance of the meeting. 我已请每个人在会议之前提交问题。 15.PHRASE 短语提前;事先 If you do something in advance, you do it before a particular date or event. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance. 会谈的主题已提前一周宣布。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 advance /ədˈvæns/ Brit /ədˈvɑːns/ verb advances; advanced; advancing 1 a [no object] : to move forward前进;向前移动 The car advanced slowly down the street. 车在街上缓慢行驶。 The sun slowly advanced across the sky. 太阳缓缓地划过天空。 She opened the door and advanced cautiously into the room. 她打开门,小心翼翼地走进房间。 Enemy soldiers are advancing on the city. [=they are approaching the city in order to attack it] 敌军正在逼近这座城市。 b [+ object] : to move (someone or something) forward使向前移动,使…前进 advance the hands of a clock 把时钟的指针往前拨 advance a pawn [=move a pawn forward in a game of chess] 进卒 The film is advanced by an electric motor. 影片由电动机带动放映。 The team advanced the ball steadily down the field. 那支球队平稳地将球推进。 2 [no object] : to go forward : to make progress发展;进步 Our understanding of this disease has advanced rapidly in recent years. 近年来我们对于这种疾病的认识不断深化。 The team did not advance beyond the first round of the play-offs. 这支队在季后赛的第一轮就止步了。 The company tries to keep up with advancing technology. 公司努力跟上迅速发展的技术。 : to continue in a process of development, aging, etc.进展;增长 As he advanced in age and stature he advanced in knowledge. 随着年龄和身高的增长,他在知识方面也有长进。 Their children are advancing toward maturity. 他们的孩子正在走向成熟。 3 : to increase in amount or rate(数量、比率等)增长,增加 [+ object] These measures are intended to keep landlords from advancing [=raising] rents unfairly. 这些举措旨在防止房东不合理地抬高房租。 [no object] Wages have continued to advance. 工资持续上涨。 Some stock prices have advanced while others have declined. 有的股票价格上涨了,有的却下跌了。 Loss of memory is often a sign of advancing age. 失忆常常是年老的征兆。 4 [+ object] a : to help the progress of (something).促进;推动 heroes whose sacrifices advanced the cause of freedom 以自己的牺牲推动自由事业的英雄们 Volunteers have been raising money to advance the work of the society. 志愿者们一直在筹集资金推动社团工作。 They used propaganda to advance their cause. 他们利用宣传来推动他们的事业。 He was advancing his own interests at the expense of his friend's. 他不惜牺牲朋友的利益为自己谋取利益。 : to cause or help (something) to go forward or continue推进;使继续 advance a plot 推进故事情节的发展 b : to make (something) higher or better : to cause improvement to (something)改进;改善;提高 The success of this novel will help to advance [=enhance] his reputation/status. 这部小说的成功将有助于提高他的声誉/地位。 5 a [+ object] : to raise (someone) to a higher rank or position提拔;晋升 He was advanced [=promoted] from clerk to assistant manager. 他从职员晋升为副经理。 b [no object] : to rise to a higher rank or position升职;提高 The family has advanced to a position of influence in the community. 这个家庭的地位有所上升,具有了社区影响力。 He advanced quickly through the ranks. 他的官职升得很快。 She has continued to advance steadily in her career. 她的事业继续稳步上升。 6 [+ object] : to give money to someone as a loan or before the usual time预付;预支 advance a loan to someone = advance someone a loan 给某人贷一笔款 advance an employee a week's pay 给员工预支一周的工资 His publisher advanced him $100,000 on/for his new book. 出版商为他的新书预付了10万美元。 7 [+ object] : to suggest or propose (something) for consideration or acceptance提出(建议等) advance a new plan/theory 提出新计划/理论 advance an argument 提出论据 Many theories were advanced and rejected. 许多理论被提出后又被否定。 8 [+ object] a : to cause (something) to occur more quickly加速…的进程 a chemical used to advance the ripening of fruit 一种用来催熟水果的化学物质 b : to make (something) earlier使…提前发生 advance the date of the meeting 将会议日期提前 — advancer noun, plural advancers [count] There were more advancers [=stocks that increased in value] than decliners in the stock market yesterday. 昨天股票市场上涨股多于下跌股。 2 advance /ədˈvæns/ Brit /ədˈvɑːns/ noun plural advances 1 : forward movement前进;行进 [noncount] trying to halt the enemy's advance 尽力阻止敌人的行进 [count] trying to halt the enemy's advances 尽力阻止敌人的行进 2 : progress in the development or improvement of something发展;进步 [count] recent advances in medicine 医学的最新进展 a big/dramatic/huge/major/significant advance in technology 大/惊人/巨大/重大/重要的技术进步 The new system represents a considerable advance over the old one. 与旧体系相比,新体系有相当大的改进。 There have been few advances made in the treatment of this disease. 这种疾病的治疗方法没取得什么进展。 [noncount] There has been little advance made in the treatment of this disease. 这种疾病的治疗方法没取得什么进展。 policies that are important for economic advance [=advancement] 对经济发展起着重要作用的政策 3 [count] : a rise in price, value, or amount(价格、价值或数量等的)增加,上涨 The workers won wage advances. 工人们争取到了工资的上涨。 a yearlong advance in stock prices 股票价格持续一年的上涨 4 [count] : the act of speaking to someone in an effort to start a sexual relationship勾引,挑逗,求爱 — usually plural通常用复数 Her unfriendly look discourages advances. 她冷漠的神情让别人不敢向她示爱。 She rebuffed/rejected his advances. 她断然拒绝了他的求爱。 He is accused of making unwelcome sexual advances to female coworkers. 他被指控对女同事性挑逗。 5 [count] : money given to someone as a loan or before the usual time of payment预付金;预支款 I need an advance on my salary. 我需要预支薪水。 He was given a $100,000 advance on/for his new book. 他的新书得到了10万美元的预付款。 a cash advance 预付现金 in advance : before something happens预先;事先;事前 He knew about the change two weeks in advance. [=two weeks before the change occurred] 他提前两个星期就知道了这个变化。 There was no way to know in advance [=ahead of time] that these problems would occur. 不可能提前知道会出现这些问题。 : before a future event or time预先;事先 We made reservations in advance. 我们事先进行了预订。 You should call in advance to make an appointment. 你应该事先打电话预约。 Thank you in advance for your help. 提前感谢您的帮助。 — often + of They began to make preparations several days in advance of [=before, ahead of] her arrival. 他们在她到达前几天就开始准备了。 3 advance /ədˈvæns/ Brit /ədˈvɑːns/ adjective always used before a noun 1 : made, sent, or provided at an early time预先的,预付的,提前供给的 an advance payment 预付款项 an advance warning 事先警告 an advance copy of a new book 新书样本 2 : going or placed before others先行的;前置的 an advance guard 先头部队 an advance scout 先遣侦察员 (US) an advance man/woman/team [=a man, woman, or group whose job is to go to a place and make preparations for someone (such as a politician or an entertainer) who is coming to visit that place at a later time] 打头阵的男子/女子/队伍 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advantage

    [əd'vɑːntɪdʒ]     美 [əd'væntɪdʒ]     n. 优势;有利条件 vt. 有利于 过去式: advantaged 过去分词: advantaged 现在分词: advantaging 第三人称单数: advantages [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advantage 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:9 /ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ/ /ədˈvæntɪdʒ/ n. advantages 6 优点,好处 高考真题原句提选: There are advantages for students to work while studying at school. Take advantage of Apple Day to see what’s around. "Being liked creates opportunities for learning and for new kinds of life experiences that help somebody gain an advantage," he said. What advantage does race walking have over running? 二、词组|习惯用语 take advantage of 利用 competitive advantage 竞争优势 advantage in 发球占先;发球人领先 comparative advantage [经]比较利益;相对优势 have the advantage of 胜过;处于……有利条件 advantage over 占优势;优于…的有利条件 take full advantage of v. 充分利用 competition advantage 竞争优势 economic advantage 经济利益,经济优势 absolute advantage 绝对利益 to the advantage of 对……有利 to the best advantage 效果最佳地;最出色地 sustainable competitive advantage 可持续的竞争优势 unfair advantage 不公平的优势 relative advantage 相对优势;相对利益 at an advantage 处于有利地位 have an advantage over 胜过,优于 advantage in competition 竞争优势 mechanical advantage [机]机械利益 三、词根记忆词典 advantage n. 優點,長處,有利條件;利益,好處The advanced van has disadvantages as well as advantages.這輛先進的篷車有優點也有缺點. n. 利益,好處[advant=ahead(前面)] n. 利益(ad+vant來到+age)[-ge①表示"狀態,總稱"②表示"場所,物品"③表示"費用"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·van·tage / Ed5vB:ntidV; NAmE -5vAn- / noun [C, U] 1. ~ (over sb) a thing that helps you to be better or more successful than other people 有利条件;有利因素;优势: a big / great / definite advantage 大的/很大的/确定的优势 Being tall gave him an advantage over the other players. 他个子高,比其他运动员有利。 an unfair advantage (= sth that benefits you, but not your opponents) 不公平的有利因素(指有利于自己、但并不有利于对手) She had the advantage of a good education. 她具有受过良好教育的有利条件。 Is there any advantage in getting there early? 早到那里是否有利? You will be at an advantage (= have an advantage) if you have thought about the interview questions in advance. 如果你预先考虑过面试中提出的问题,就会处于优势。 OPP disadvantage 2. a quality of sth that makes it better or more useful 优点: A small car has the added advantage of being cheaper to run. 小型轿车还有一个优点是运行成本比较便宜。 the advantages of living in a small town 在小城镇居住的好处 Each of these systems has its advantages and disadvantages. 这些系统各有其优缺点。 OPP disadvantage 3. (in tennis 网球) the first point scored after a score of 40–40 (局末平分后)占先;优势分: Advantage Roddick. 罗迪克占先。 IDIOMS ▪ be / work to your ad'vantage to give you an advantage; to change a situation in a way that gives you an advantage 对…有利: It would be to your advantage to attend this meeting. 参加这次会议会对你有利。 Eventually, the new regulations will work to our advantage. 新规章制度最终将对我们有利。 ▪ take ad'vantage of sth / sb 1. to make use of sth well; to make use of an opportunity 利用;利用(机会): She took advantage of the children's absence to tidy their rooms. 她趁孩子们不在时收拾了他们的房间。 We took full advantage of the hotel facilities. 我们充分享用了旅馆设施。 2. to make use of sb / sth in a way that is unfair or dishonest 欺骗;占…的便宜 SYN exploit : He took advantage of my generosity (= for example, by taking more than I had intended to give). 他利用我的慷慨占了便宜。 ▪ to (good / best) ad'vantage in a way that shows the best of sth (十分/最)有效地,出色地;使优点突出: The photograph showed him to advantage. 他在这张照片中照得挺不错的。 ▪ turn sth to your ad'vantage to use or change a bad situation so that it helps you 使转为有利;变(不利)为有利;利用 verb [VN] (formal) to put sb in a better position than other people or than they were in before 使处于有利地位;有利于;有助于 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advantage /ədˈvɑːntɪdʒ $ ədˈvæn-/ ●●● S2 W1 noun 1  [countable, uncountable] something that helps you to be more successful than others, or the state of having this 有利条件,优势 OPP disadvantage advantage over Her experience meant that she had a big advantage over her opponent. 她的经验意味着她比对手有很大优势。 Younger workers tend to be at an advantage (=have an advantage) when applying for jobs. 年轻点的工人申请工作时往往处于优势地位。 It might be to your advantage (=it might help you) to take a computer course of some kind. 上一门计算机课程可能对你有利。 2  [countable, uncountable] a good or useful feature that something has 好处,优点 advantage of One of the many advantages of living in New York is that you can eat out at almost any time of day. 住在纽约的诸多好处之一是几乎任何时候都可以外出吃饭。 advantage over This printer has several advantages over conventional printers. 与传统打印机相比,这种打印机具有多项优点。 3  take advantage of somebody to treat someone unfairly in order to get what you want, especially someone who is generous or easily persuaded 〔不公正地〕利用某人,占某人的便宜 Don’t lend them the car – they’re taking advantage of you! 不要把车借给他们——他们在利用你! 4  take advantage of something (to do something) to use a particular situation to do or get what you want 利用某物(做某事) I took advantage of the good weather to paint the shed. 我趁天气好给棚屋刷上油漆。 You’ll want to take full advantage of the beach-front clubs. 你会想在海滨俱乐部里充分享受一番。 5  use/turn something to your/good advantage to use something that you have or that happens in order to achieve something 利用某事物/将某事物转化为有利条件 How could he turn the situation to his advantage? 他是如何将形势转化为对自己有利的? Burns used his family connections to good advantage. 伯恩斯很好地利用了家族的人脉。 6  show something to (good/great) advantage to make the best features of someone or something very noticeable 使某物优点突出 Her dress showed her tanned skin to great advantage. 她的连衣裙很好地衬托出她晒黑的肤色。 7. advantage somebody used in tennis to show that the person named has won the next point after the score was 40–40 某人占先〔表示网球比赛局末平分后某人先得分〕 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advantage ★★★★☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词有利条件;有利因素;优势 An advantage is something that puts you in a better position than other people. They are deliberately flouting the law in order to obtain an advantage over their competitors... 他们为了和竞争对手抢夺先机而公然无视法律。 A good crowd will be a definite advantage to me and the rest of the team. 大批观众无疑将成为我和其他队员的一大优势。 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词优势;有利地位 Advantage is the state of being in a better position than others who are competing against you. Men have created a social and economic position of advantage for themselves over women. 男性已经为自己创造了优于女性的社会和经济上的有利地位。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词好处;益处;优点 An advantage is a way in which one thing is better than another. 【搭配模式】:oft N of n The great advantage of home-grown oranges is their magnificent flavour... 家产柑橘的一大好处是口感极佳。 This custom-built kitchen has many advantages over a standard one. 这间定制的厨房与标准厨房相比存在诸多优点。 4.PHRASE 短语利用 If you take advantage of something, you make good use of it while you can. 【搭配模式】:V inflects I intend to take full advantage of this trip to buy the things we need. 我打算充分利用这次旅行来购买我们所需的物品。 5.PHRASE 短语占…的便宜;欺骗;捉弄 If someone takes advantage of you, they treat you unfairly for their own benefit, especially when you are trying to be kind or to help them. 【搭配模式】:V inflects She took advantage of him even after they were divorced. 甚至在他们离婚后,她还在占他的便宜。 6.PHRASE 短语(尤指转变不利情况使之)对…有利 If you use or turn something to your advantage, you use it in order to benefit from it, especially when it might be expected to harm or damage you. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v The government have not been able to turn today's demonstration to their advantage. 政府未能把今天的游行示威转为己用。 7.PHRASE 短语最有利地;最有效地;使优点突出 If something is shown to good advantage or to best advantage, it is shown in a way that reveals its best features. 【搭配模式】:PHR after v The walls were painted in muted tones to show the pictures to good advantage. 墙面被漆成了淡色调,以突出照片。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advantage /ədˈvæntɪʤ/ Brit /ədˈvɑːntɪʤ/ noun plural advantages 1 [count] a : something (such as a good position or condition) that helps to make someone or something better or more likely to succeed than others优势;有利条件;有利因素 Higher ground gave the enemy the/an advantage. 敌人地势高,有优势。 He has/enjoys an unfair advantage over us because of his wealth. 他的富有使得他比我们有优势,这是不公平的。 His plan has the advantage of being less expensive than other options. 他的计划具有比其他计划更经济实惠的优势。 He lacked the advantages of an advanced education. 他不具备受过高等教育的优势。 Speed is an advantage in most sports. 对于大多数运动项目来说,速度是一个优势。 The company's only advantage over the competition is its location. 这家公司的唯一竞争优势是其地理位置。 Applicants for this job will find that previous experience is an advantage. 申请这份工作的人会发现,以往的工作经验是一个优势。 The union should be at an advantage [=should have an advantage] in the negotiations. 工会在谈判中应该有优势。 b : a good or desirable quality or feature优点 Being able to set your own schedule is one of the advantages of owning a business. 可以自行安排日程是自己办公司的一大好处。 Among the advantages of a small college is its campus life. 小规模院校的优点之一是校园生活。 — opposite disadvantage 2 [noncount] : benefit or gain好处,利益 There isn't any advantage in/to leaving early. 早动身没什么好处。 She used her position for personal advantage. [=for personal gain; to help herself] 她利用自己的职位谋取个人私利。 The error was to our advantage. [=we were helped by the error] 这个错误对我们有利。 — opposite disadvantage ◊ If you turn/use something to your advantage or to good advantage, you use something in a way that is helpful to you.利用;使对己有利 Is there a way to turn this situation to our advantage? [=is there a way to exploit this situation?; is there a way to take advantage of this situation?] 有没有办法让局势对我们有利? 3 [noncount] tennis : the first point won after the score is tied at 40-40占先,优势分(网球比赛中局末平分后一方率先赢得的第一分) — used to announce the person who has won the point用于宣布获得优势分的选手 Advantage Mr. Jones. 琼斯先生占先。 take advantage of 1 : to use (something, such as an opportunity) in a way that helps you : to make good use of (something)利用(机会等) We took advantage of the warm weather and did some yard work. 我们趁着天气暖和整理了一下庭院。 They are taking advantage of an opportunity to travel. 他们正好趁机旅游一下。 You should take (full) advantage of this opportunity while you can. 你应该尽可能地充分利用这次机会。 2 a : to ask for or expect more than is fair or reasonable from (someone) : to treat (someone who is generous or helpful) unfairly占(某人)便宜;欺骗,利用(某人) After a while, I began to think she was taking advantage of me. 过了一会儿,我开始意识到她在利用我。 b : to use (something) unfairly for personal gain(为达个人私利不正当地)利用 He took advantage of [=exploited] my lack of knowledge. 他利用了我的无知。 She took advantage of our generosity. 她利用了我们的慷慨。 to advantage : in an attractive and appealing way特别引人注目地;显著地 The display shows off the collection to (good/best) advantage. 展览突出地展示了收藏品的价值。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • adventure

    [əd'ventʃə(r)]     美 [əd'ventʃər]     n. 冒险;奇遇 vt. 冒险;尝试 vi. 冒险;大胆进行 过去式: adventured 过去分词: adventured 现在分词: adventuring 第三人称单数: adventures [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 adventure 高中必修500 全国卷频次:20 教材出处:译林版必修B1U2 /ədˈventʃə(r)/ /ədˈventʃər/ n.&v. adventures 4 adventures 0 adventuring 1 adventured 8 冒险,冒险经历 & 冒险去做,冒险 高考真题原句选: And so began my mother’s adventure in the world of computers. Fiji can give you more adventures and special experiences than you could find almost any where in the world. As writer Caroline Alexander makes clear in her forceful and well-researched story The Endurance, adventuring was even then a thoroughly commercial effort. 二、词根记忆词典 adventure n. 冒險,冒險活動,奇遇vt.大膽進行The ventilator inventor's adventure prevented him from venturing revenge.通風機發明家的奇遇阻止了他冒險複仇. 冒險(ad+venture冒險)[ad-加在在單詞或詞根前,表示"做…,加強…"] n. 冒險(ad增強+venture冒險)[ven,vent=come,表示"來"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·ven·ture / Ed5ventFE(r) / noun 1. [C] an unusual, exciting or dangerous experience, journey or series of events 冒险;冒险经历;奇遇: her adventures travelling in Africa 她在非洲旅行时的冒险经历 When you're a child, life is six big adventure. 在孩提时代,生活是一大不寻常的经历。 adventure stories 历险故事 2. [U] excitement and the willingness to take risks, try new ideas, etc. 冒险的刺激;大胆开拓: a sense / spirit of adventure 冒险意识/精神 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adventure /ədˈventʃə $ -ər/ ●●● W2 noun [countable, uncountable] 1  an exciting experience in which dangerous or unusual things happen 历险(经历);奇遇 a great adventure 一大奇遇 Ahab’s adventures at sea 亚哈的海上历险 an adventure story 一个历险故事 2  sense/spirit of adventure willingness to try new things, take risks etc 冒险精神 Come on – where’s your sense of adventure? 来吧——你的冒险精神哪里去了? Origin adventure (1200-1300) Old French aventure, from Latin advenire “to arrive”, from ad- “to” + venire “to come” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adventure ★★☆☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词冒险;冒险经历;奇遇 If someone has an adventure, they become involved in an unusual, exciting, and rather dangerous journey or series of events. I set off for a new adventure in the United States on the first day of the new year. 新年第一天,我在美国开始了一次新的冒险。 2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词冒险的刺激;大胆的开拓;勇敢的闯荡 Adventure is excitement and willingness to do new, unusual, or rather dangerous things. Their cultural backgrounds gave them a spirit of adventure. 他们的文化背景赋予了他们一种冒险精神。 ...a feeling of adventure and excitement. 惊险刺激的感觉 3.VERB 动词去(某地)探险 If you adventure somewhere, you go somewhere new, unusual, and exciting. 【语法信息】:V prep/adv 【STYLE标签】:WRITTEN 笔语 The group has adventured as far as the Austrian alps. 该队伍的探险之旅远至奥地利的阿尔卑斯山。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] adventure /ədˈvɛntʃɚ/ noun plural adventures 1 [count] : an exciting or dangerous experience不寻常的经历;冒险;奇遇 The field trip was an adventure for the students. 野外考察对学生们来说是一种不寻常的经历。 He told us about his camping adventures. 他向我们讲述他的野营探险经历。 — often used before another noun常用于另一名词前 an adventure story/novel 历险故事/小说 2 [noncount] : danger or excitement冒险;刺激 He has a strong spirit/sense of adventure. [=he enjoys doing dangerous and exciting things] 他有着强烈的冒险精神/意识。 They were looking for adventure. 他们在寻求冒险刺激。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advertise

    ['ædvətaɪz]     美 ['ædvərtaɪz]     v. 登广告;宣传;告知 名词: advertiser 过去式: advertised 过去分词: advertised 现在分词: advertising 第三人称单数: advertises [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advertise 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:2 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U1 /ˈædvətaɪz/ v. advertises 0 advertising 16 advertised 1 (为…)做广告;登广告;通知 高考真题原句选: These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might also encourage our chick to start calling as well. Some companies have made the manufacturing (生产)of clean and safe products their main selling point and emphasize it in their advertising. I had seen an agency advertised in a local newspaper. “You might say, ‘I’d rather save that money for your education,’” advises Gallo. 二、词组|习惯用语 advertise for 登广告征求(寻找)某物;登招请(待聘等)广告 三、词根记忆词典 advertise vt. 公告,公布;為…做廣告vi.登廣告The company advertised for a secretary.公司登廣告招聘秘書. v. 做廣告(ad一再+vert+ise→轉來轉去做廣告)[ver,vert=turn,表示"轉"] v. 做廣告(advert注意到,ad+vert轉+ise)[-ise①表動詞後綴,和-ize相同,是-ize的變體,"…化"②表名詞,"物品,狀態"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·ver·tise / 5AdvEtaiz; NAmE -vErt- / verb 1. ~ sth (as sth) to tell the public about a product or a service in order to encourage people to buy or to use it 做广告;登广告: ▪ [V] If you want to attract more customers, try advertising in the local paper. 如果你要吸引更多顾客,就试试在当地报纸登广告。 ▪ [VN] to advertise a product / a business / your services 做广告宣传产品/企业/你的服务项目 The cruise was advertised as the 'journey of a lifetime'. 这次航行被宣传为"终生难得的旅行"。 2. ~ (for sb / sth) to let people know that sth is going to happen, or that a job is available by giving details about it in a newspaper, on a notice in a public place, on the Internet, etc. (在报纸、公共场所公告牌、互联网等上)公布,征聘: ▪ [V] We are currently advertising for a new sales manager. 目前我们公开征聘一位新的销售经理。 ▪ [VN] We advertised the concert quite widely. 我们为这次音乐会作了相当广泛的宣传。 3. [VN] to show or tell sth about yourself to other people 展现,宣传(自己的事) SYN publicize : I wouldn't advertise the fact that you don't have a work permit. 我不会向外声张你没有工作许可证这件事。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertise /ˈædvətaɪz $ -ər-/ ●●○ S3 W3 verb [intransitive, transitive] 1  to tell the public about a product or service in order to persuade them to buy it (为…)做广告(宣传) They no longer advertise alcohol or cigarettes at sporting events. 他们不再在体育赛事上做烟酒广告了。 advertise (something) on television/in a newspaper etc Many companies will only advertise in the Sunday paper. 许多公司只会在周日报纸上刊登广告。 be advertised as something The inn is advertised as being from the early 16th century. 据宣传,这家小旅馆建成于16世纪早期。 Colleges and universities have found that it pays to advertise (=advertising brings good results). 大专院校发现做广告效果很好。 2  to make an announcement, for example in a newspaper or on a poster, that a job is available, an event is going to happen etc 〔在报纸、海报等上〕征聘,公布 a poster advertising the concert 一张音乐会宣传海报 advertise for I see they’re advertising for a new Sales Director. 我看到他们在登广告招聘新的销售主管。 3  advertise the fact (that) to let people know something about yourself 宣传〔自己的事〕 Don’t advertise the fact that you’re looking for another job. 不要对外宣扬你正在另找工作。 Origin advertise (1400-1500) Early French advertiss-, stem of advertir; → ADVERT [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertise ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词为…做广告;宣传 If you advertise something such as a product, an event, or a job, you tell people about it in newspapers, on television, or on posters in order to encourage them to buy the product, go to the event, or apply for the job. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V The players can advertise baked beans, but not rugby boots... 球员可以给烤菜豆做广告,但不能代言橄榄球靴。 In 1991, the house was advertised for sale at $49,000... 1991年,这座房子登广告出售,售价为49,000美元。 Religious groups are currently not allowed to advertise on television. 目前禁止宗教团体在电视上做广告。 2.VERB 动词(在报纸、电视、公告栏上)登广告招募,登广告征求 If you advertise for someone to do something for you, for example to work for you or share your accommodation, you announce it in a newspaper, on television, or on a notice board. 【语法信息】:V for n We advertised for staff in a local newspaper... 我们在一家地方报纸上刊登了招聘广告。 I shall advertise for someone to go with me. 我将登广告寻人和我同去。 3.VERB 动词(通过外表或行为)显示(某种特质);使变得显眼 If someone or something advertises a particular quality, they show it in their appearance or behaviour. 【语法信息】:V n 【STYLE标签】:LITERARY 文 His hard sinewy body advertised his ruthlessness of purpose. 他健硕的身体使他显得意志尤为坚强。 4.VERB 动词See also:advertising;宣扬;张扬;引起对…的注意 If you do not advertise the fact that something is the case, you try not to let other people know about it. 【语法信息】:V n 【搭配模式】:usu with brd-neg There is no need to advertise the fact that you are a single woman... 没有必要张扬你是一个单身女性。 I didn't want to advertise the fact that he hadn't driven me to the airport. 我不想宣扬他没有开车送我去机场的事。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertise /ˈædvɚˌtaɪz/ verb advertises; advertised; advertising 1 : to make the public aware of something (such as a product) that is being sold为…做广告;做广告宣传 [+ object] They are advertising the new edition of the book. 他们在为这本书的新版做广告宣传。 The vacation was advertised as a week in paradise. 这次度假被广告宣传成在天堂的一周。 It turned out to be exactly as advertised. 结果和广告宣传完全相符。 [no object] Business increased after we began to advertise on the radio. 我们开始在电台做广告之后,业务就增加了。 If you want to attract customers, it pays to advertise. 如果你想吸引顾客,做广告是值得的。 2 : to make a public announcement (in a newspaper, on the Internet, etc.) about something that is wanted or available(在报纸、互联网上)公布,征聘 [no object] The company is advertising for a secretary. 公司刊登广告招聘一位秘书。 [+ object] We advertised the job in the paper. 我们在报纸上刊登了这份工作的招聘广告。 3 [+ object] : to cause people to notice (something)使人尽皆知;公布 You don't have to advertise [=draw attention to] the fact that we arrived late. 你不必把我们迟到的事到处张扬。 She advertised her presence by wearing a skimpy dress. 她穿了一件暴露的连衣裙,吸引了大家的注意。 — advertiser noun, plural advertisers [count] television advertisers [=companies that advertise on television] 电视广告商 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advertisement

    [əd'vɜːtɪsmənt]     美 [ˌædvər'taɪzmənt]     n. 广告 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advertisement (ad) 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:5 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U1 /ədˈvɜːtəsmənt/ /ˌædvərˈtaɪzmənt/ n. advertisements 7 广告,启事 高考真题原句选: Here are some advertisements about English language training from newspapers. When printing was invented in the fifteenth century, pages of advertisements (ads) could be printed easily. On Friday people read an advertisement in the newspaper: Ad writers were starting to pay more attention to the design of the ad text. 二、词组|习惯用语 advertisement company 广告公司 commercial advertisement 商业广告 advertisement plan 广告策划 classified advertisement 分类广告 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·ver·tise·ment / Ed5vE:tismEnt; NAmE 7AdvEr5taiz- / noun 1. [C] (also informal ad) (BrE also ad·vert) ~ (for sth) a notice, picture or film telling people about a product, job or service 广告;启事: Put an advertisement in the local paper to sell your car. 在当地报纸登一则广告来出售你的汽车。 ⇨ see also classified advertisements ⇨ note at ad 2. [C] (BrE also ad·vert) ~ for sth an example of sth that shows its good qualities 广告(样)品: Dirty streets and homelessness are no advertisement for a prosperous society. 肮脏的街道和无家可归现象决不是繁荣社会的景象。 ⇨ note at ad 3. [U] the act of advertising sth and making it public 广告活动;广告宣传 ⇨ note at ad [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertisement /ədˈvɜːtəsmənt $ ˌædvərˈtaɪz-/ ●●● S3 noun [countable] 1  (also ad informal, advert British English) a picture, set of words, or a short film, which is intended to persuade people to buy a product or use a service, or that gives information about a job that is available, an event that is going to happen etc 广告;启事 advertisement for The Sunday papers are full of advertisements for cars. 周日报纸上全是汽车广告。 She saw an advertisement for a ski vacation in Vermont. 她看到一则去佛蒙特州滑雪度假的广告。 They put an advertisement in ‘The Morning News’, offering a high salary for the right person. 他们在《晨报》上刊登了一则启事,出高薪寻找合适的人选。 The organizers of the concert had taken out a full page advertisement in ‘The New York Times’. 音乐会筹办者在《纽约时报》上刊登了整版广告。 Only a handful of people answered the advertisement. 只有寥寥数人对该广告作出了回应。 2  be an advertisement for something to be a good example of something or show how effective it can be 是…的典范 He’s a very good advertisement for the benefits of regular exercise. 要证明经常锻炼的好处,他便是很好的样板。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertisement ★★☆☆☆ 1.N-COUNT 可数名词广告;公告;启事 An advertisement is an announcement in a newspaper, on television, or on a poster about something such as a product, event, or job. 【搭配模式】:oft N for n 【STYLE标签】:WRITTEN 笔语 Miss Parrish recently placed an advertisement in the local newspaper. 帕里什小姐最近在本埠报纸上登了一则广告。 2.N-COUNT 可数名词(某一类事物的)活广告 If you say that an example of something is an advertisement for that thing in general, you mean that it shows how good that thing is. 【搭配模式】:usu a N for n 【语域标签】:mainly BRIT 主英 The England team were a poor advertisement for European football tonight... 英格兰队今晚为欧洲足球做了一次糟糕的宣传。 That would not be a good advertisement for Hungary's emerging democracy. 那并不能有效地体现匈牙利新兴的民主意识。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advertisement /ˌædvɚˈtaɪzmənt/ Brit /ədˈvəːtəsmənt/ noun plural advertisements 1 [count] : something (such as a short film or a written notice) that is shown or presented to the public to help sell a product or to make an announcement广告;启示 The advertisement will appear in three magazines. 这则广告将出现在三本杂志上。 He learned about the job from an advertisement in the newspaper. 他从报纸上的招聘广告中了解到这份工作。 a television/radio advertisement 电视/电台广告 — often + for I saw an advertisement for a new car on TV last night. 昨晚我在电视上看到一款新车的广告。 — called also ad, (British) advert 2 [count] : a person or thing that shows how good or effective something is宣传广告 — + for The rusted car on the lot was not much of an advertisement for the car dealership. 停车场里那辆锈迹斑斑的车可不是汽车经销商的好广告。 Successful graduates are a good advertisement for a school. 成功的毕业生是学校的活广告。 3 [noncount] : the act or process of advertising广告活动;广告宣传 The company has spent a lot of money on advertisement. 公司花了很多钱做广告。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advice

    [əd'vaɪs]     美 [əd'vaɪs]     n. 劝告;忠告;建议 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advice 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:35 /ədˈvaɪs/ n. 忠告,劝告,建议 高考真题原句选: For children under six years old, ask for your doctor's advice. My patient with high blood pressure had stopped coming to her treatment on the advice of an Internet chat room. They would stop Lieberman after classes to ask for his advice on cooking. What advice does the woman give to the man? 二、词组|习惯用语 seek advice 征求意见;请教 good advice 好建议 give advice 劝告,忠告 legal advice 法律意见;[法]法律谘询 expert advice 专家意见 medical advice 医嘱;医务 shipping advice 发货通知书 take advice 请教;征求意见 sound advice 忠告 advice note 通知书,通知单 take the advice 采纳建议;听从劝告 advice of shipment 装船通知;装运通知;船运通知 advice of credit 信用状通知书 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·vice / Ed5vais / noun [U] ~ (on sth) an opinion or a suggestion about what sb should do in a particular situation 劝告;忠告;建议;意见: advice on road safety 有关道路安全的建议 They give advice for people with HIV and AIDS. 他们向艾滋病病毒携带者和艾滋病患者提供咨询。 Follow your doctor's advice. 要遵从医嘱。 We were advised to seek legal advice. 有人劝我们找律师咨询。 Let me give you a piece of advice. 让我给你一个忠告。 A word of advice. Don't wear that dress. 一句忠告:别穿那件连衣裙。 Take my advice. Don't do it. 听我的劝告,别干这件事。 I chose it on his advice. 我这是照他的建议选择的。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advice /ədˈvaɪs/ ●●● S2 W2 noun [uncountable] an opinion you give someone about what they should do 意见,建议;忠告,劝告 You should have followed my advice. 你真该听我的建议。 advice on/about advice on saving energy 有关节约能源的建议 I need some advice about my computer. 我需要一点有关我的电脑的意见。 on somebody’s advice On her doctor’s advice (=because her doctor advised her) Smith decided to take early retirement. 史密斯听从她医生的建议,决定提前退休。 Don’t confuse the noun advice /ədˈvaɪs/ with the verb advise /ədˈvaɪz/: He gave me some useful advice. | Can you advise me on college courses? 不要混淆名词 advice /ədˈvaɪs/ 和动词 advise /ədˈvaɪz/: He gave me some useful advice. 他给我提了些有用的建议。 | Can you advise me on college courses? 你能就大学课程给我提些建议吗? [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advice ★★★★☆ 1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词劝告;忠告;意见 If you give someone advice, you tell them what you think they should do in a particular situation. 【搭配模式】:oft N on/about n/wh/-ing Don't be afraid to ask for advice about ordering the meal... 点餐时可以大胆征求意见。 Your community officer can give you advice on how to prevent crime in your area... 社区工作人员能就如何预防社区内犯罪提供一些忠告。 Take my advice and stay away from him!... 听我的,离他远远的! Most foreign nationals have now left the country on the advice of their governments. 大多数外国人听从本国政府的建议离开了该国。 2.PHRASE 短语听取律师的意见;咨询律师 If you take advice or take legal advice, you ask a lawyer for his or her professional opinion on a situation. 【搭配模式】:V inflects 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 We are taking advice on legal steps to recover the money... 我们正在就追回该款项所需的法律程序咨询律师。 If you are prosecuted by the police, then it is essential that you take specialist legal advice. 如果你受到警方起诉,至关重要的是你要听取专业律师的意见。 Usage Note : Note that advice is an uncount noun. You can say a piece of advice or some advice, but you cannot say 'an advice' or 'advices'. Do not confuse advice and advise. Advise is the verb that is connected with advice. 注意,advice为不可数名词。可以说 a piece of advice 或 some advice,但不能说 an advice 或 advices。请勿混淆 advice 和 advise。advise 是 advice 的动词形式。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advice /ədˈvaɪs/ noun [noncount] : an opinion or suggestion about what someone should do劝告;忠告;建议 My advice is to sell your old car and get a new one. 我建议你卖掉旧车,买辆新车。 Take my advice and sell your old car. 听我的建议,把你的旧车卖了吧。 He needs advice from an expert. 他需要专家的建议。 She's been giving him some expert advice about investing. 她一直在给他提供有关投资方面的专业建议。 “May I ask your advice about/on something?” “Certainly. I'm always happy to give advice when asked for it.” “我可以问问你的意见吗?”“当然可以。只要有人问,我从来都很乐意给建议的。” Let me offer you a bit/piece/word of advice. = Let me offer you some advice. 让我给你一点忠告。 I took/followed my doctor's advice and lost some weight. = I lost some weight on the advice of my doctor. 我采纳了医生的建议,减了一些体重。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advise

    [əd'vaɪz]     美 [əd'vaɪz]     vt. 劝告;通知;忠告;建议 vi. 提建议 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advise 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:3 /ədˈvaɪz/ v. advises 1 advising 0 advised 13 忠告,劝告,建议 高考真题原句选: I had advised the kids that while verbs(动词)may seem dull, most of the fun things they do throughout their lives will be verbs. You are advised to book in advance. 二、词根记忆词典 advise vt. 忠告,勸告,建議;通知,告知The vice-adviser advised the reviser to devise a device for getting rid of vice.代理顧問建議校訂者想出一個根除惡習的計策. v. 忠告,勸告(ad使+vis+e使[別人]看到→勸告[別人])[vis,vid=see表示"看"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] ad·vise / Ed5vaiz / verb 1. ~ (sb) (against sth / against doing sth) to tell sb what you think they should do in a particular situation 劝告;忠告;建议: ▪ [V] I would strongly advise against going out on your own. 我要极力奉劝你别单独外出。 ▪ [VN] Her mother was away and couldn't advise her. 她的母亲不在身边,无法向她提出劝告。 I'd advise extreme caution. 我建议要慎之又慎。 ▪ [VN to inf] Police are advising people to stay at home. 警方告诫民众要留在家里。 I'd advise you not to tell him. 我劝你别告诉他。 ▪ [V that] They advise that a passport be carried with you at all times. 他们建议护照要随时带在身边。 (BrE also) They advise that a passport should be carried with you at all times. 他们建议护照要随时带在身边。 ▪ [VN that] It is strongly advised that you take out insurance. 奉劝你务必办理保险。 ▪ [V -ing] I'd advise buying your tickets well in advance if you want to travel in August. 要是想在八月份去旅行,我建议及早购票。 ▪ [V speech , VN speech] 'Get there early,' she advised (them). "早点儿到那里。"她嘱咐(他们)说。 ⇨ see also ill-advised , well advised ⇨ note at recommend 2. ~ (sb) on sth | ~ (sb) about sth / about doing sth to give sb help and information on a subject that you know a lot about 出主意;提出建议;提供咨询: ▪ [V] We employ an expert to advise on new technology. 我们聘用了一位专家作新技术顾问。 ▪ [VN] She advises the government on environmental issues. 她是政府的环境问题顾问。 ▪ [V wh-] The pharmacist will advise which medicines are safe to take. 药剂师会建议服用哪些药才安全。 ▪ [VN wh-] Your lawyer can advise you whether to take any action. 你的律师可以告诉你是否起诉。 3. ~ sb (of sth) (formal) to officially tell sb sth 通知;正式告知 SYN inform : ▪ [VN] Please advise us of any change of address. 如地址有变,敬请告知。 ▪ [VN wh-] I will contact you later to advise you when to come. 稍后我会与你联系,通知你何时前来。 ▪ [VN that] I regret to advise you that the course is now full. 本课程已满额,特此通知。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advise /ədˈvaɪz/ ●●● S2 W2 verb 1  [intransitive, transitive] to tell someone what you think they should do, especially when you know more than they do about something 劝告,忠告;建议 She needed someone to advise her. 她需要有个人给她出主意。 advise somebody to do something Evans advised him to leave London. 埃文斯劝他离开伦敦。 You are strongly advised to take out medical insurance when visiting China. 强烈建议出国旅游要购买医疗保险。 advise somebody against (doing) something I’d advise you against saying anything to the press. 我建议你对新闻界保持沉默。 advise that Experts advise that sunscreen be reapplied every one to two hours. 专家建议每隔一到两个小时重抹一遍防晒霜。 advise caution/patience/restraint etc (=advise people to be careful, patient etc) 建议小心/有耐心/克制等 The makers advise extreme caution when handling this material. 制造商建议处理这种材料时要极其小心。 ‘ …, ’ somebody advised ‘Make sure that you keep the documents in a safe place, ’ Otley advised him. “一定要把文件放在安全的地方。”奥特利向他建议道。 2  [intransitive, transitive] to be employed to give advice on a subject about which you have special knowledge or skill (向…)提供〔专业的〕建议 advise somebody on/about something He advises us on tax matters. 他向我们提供税务咨询。 advise on something She’s been asked to advise on training the new sales team. 她获邀为新的销售队伍的培训工作提供建议。 advise somebody on something He advises us on tax matters. 他向我们提供税务咨询。 3  [transitive] formal to tell someone about something 通知 advise somebody of something We’ll advise you of any changes in the delivery dates. 递送日期若有变化,我们会通知你的。 Keep us advised of (=continue to tell us about) any new developments. 请随时告诉我们任何新的进展情况。 advise somebody that They advised him that the tour would proceed. 他们通知他旅游将继续。 4  you would be well/ill advised to do something used to tell someone that it is wise or unwise to do something 建议你最好做/不做某事 You would be well advised to stay in bed and rest. 你最好卧床休息。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advise ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词劝告;忠告;给…出主意 If you advise someone to do something, you tell them what you think they should do. 【语法信息】:V n to-inf 【语法信息】:V n wh 【语法信息】:V against n 【语法信息】:V that 【语法信息】:Also V with quote The minister advised him to leave as soon as possible... 部长建议他尽快离开。 Herbert would surely advise her how to approach the bank... 赫伯特一定会就如何与银行接洽向她提供意见。 I would strongly advise against it... 我强烈建议反对此事。 Doctors advised that he should be transferred to a private room. 医生们建议将他转到单人病房。 2.VERB 动词(专家)建议,向…提供意见 If an expert advises people on a particular subject, he or she gives them help and information on that subject. 【语法信息】:V n on n 【语法信息】:V on n ...an officer who advises undergraduates on money matters... 为本科生们提供理财建议的高级职员 A family doctor will be able to advise on suitable birth control. 家庭医生能够就合适的节育措施提出建议。 3.VERB 动词通知,告知(某人事实或情况) If you advise someone of a fact or situation, you tell them the fact or explain what the situation is. 【语法信息】:V n of n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 ...the decision requiring police to advise suspects of their rights... 要求警方告知疑犯他们所享权利的决定 I think it best that I advise you of my decision to retire. 我想我最好告诉你我决定退役。 4.V-PASSIVE 被动动词(官方文件)告知 If an official document states that you are advised to do something, it is telling you the correct or appropriate thing to do. 【语法信息】:be V-ed to-inf 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 Candidates in India are advised to submit their applications through the overseas student office in London... 印度的申请人被告知通过驻伦敦的海外学生办公室递交申请表。 Residents are advised not to put their rubbish bags on the pavement outside their houses. 居民被告知不要将垃圾袋放在门外的人行道上。 5.See also:ill-advised;well advised; Usage Note : Do not confuse advise and advice. Advice is the noun that is connected with the verb advise. If you advise someone to do something, you tell them what you think they should do. If you suggest something, however, you mention it as an idea or plan for someone to think about, perhaps together with other ideas or plans. You can also suggest doing something, or suggest that someone does something. Your bank manager will probably suggest a loan... I suggested inviting Jim... I suggest that you leave this to me. 请勿混淆advise和advice。advice是advise的名词形式。advise用于告诉别人应该怎样做。suggest用于提出想法或计划以供对方考虑,有可能和其他想法或计划一起提出。可以说suggest doing something或suggest that someone does something。例如:Your bank manager will probably suggest a loan(银行经理可能会建议你贷款),I suggested inviting Jim(我建议邀请吉姆),I suggest that you leave this to me(我建议你将此事交给我处理)。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advise /ədˈvaɪz/ verb advises; advised; advising 1 a : to give an opinion or suggestion to someone about what should be done : to give advice to (someone)劝告;忠告;建议 [+ object] I strongly advise you to sell your old car. 我强烈建议你把旧车卖掉。 We advised them to save their money. 我们建议他们存点钱。 My doctor advised me to lose some weight. 我的医生建议我减肥。 She advises the President on foreign affairs. 她在外交事务方面给总统提建议。 Our lawyer advised us against buying that house. [=she told us that we shouldn't buy that house] 我们的律师建议我们不要买那所房子。 [no object] We were thinking of buying that house, but our lawyer advised against it. 我们在考虑购买那所房子,不过我们的律师建议我们不要买。 b [+ object] : to recommend or suggest (something)推荐;建议 I advise selling your old car. 我建议把你的旧车卖掉。 We were thinking of buying that house, but our lawyer advised caution. [=said that we should be cautious] 我们在考虑购买那所房子,不过我们的律师建议我们要谨慎。 He advises patience/restraint when dealing with children. 他建议对孩子要有耐心/要克制。 — see also ill-advised, well-advised 2 [+ object] formal : to give information to (someone)通知;告知 The police advised them of their rights. [=the police told them what their legal rights were] 警察告知了他们所拥有的权利。 She says she was never advised [=informed, told] about the new procedures. 她说从没有人告诉过她关于新程序的事。 We advised [=apprised] them of the danger. 我们告知他们有危险。 The boss asked us to keep him advised about/on how the project is going. 老板要求我们随时向他汇报项目进展情况。 — adviser also advisor /ədˈvaɪzɚ/ noun, plural advisers also advisors [count] a financial/legal/medical adviser 金融/法律/医疗顾问 She's an adviser to the President on foreign affairs. 她是总统的外交事务顾问。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • advocate

    ['ædvəkeɪt]     美 ['ædvəkeɪt]     v. 提倡;主张 n. 拥护者;提倡者;律师;辩护者 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 advocate 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U4 /ˈædvəkeɪt/ n.&v. advocates 0 advocating 0 advocated 0 提倡者;辩护者;拥护者 & 提倡,倡导 高考真题原句提选: What some people advocate is teaching one of the many attractive handwritings based on the handwriting of 16th-century Italy. This is not a surprise to public health advocates. As a good communicator should be a good listener, five steps are advocated toward good listening. I hope this research will put an end to advocating strictly timed baby feeding practices. LoveFone, a company that advocates repairing cellphones rather than abandoning them, opened a mini workshop in a London phone box in 2016. 二、词组|习惯用语 devil's advocate 故意持相反意见的人;故意唱反调的人 三、词根记忆词典 advocate n. 辯護者,擁護者,鼓吹者vt.擁護,提倡The vocation advocate found the word "vocal" and "reciprocal" not in the vocabulary.職業倡導者發現"嗓音的"和"交互的"兩詞不在詞彙表中. v. 擁護;倡議(ad增強+voc+ate→增強聲音→擁護)[voc,vok=call,voice,表示"叫喊,聲音"] n. 擁護者(ad+voc聲音+ate)[-ate③表名詞,"人或地位"①表動詞,"做,造成"②表形容詞,"具有…的"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advocate ad·vo·cate verb / 5AdvEkeit / (formal) to support sth publicly 拥护;支持;提倡: ▪ [VN] The group does not advocate the use of violence. 该团体不支持使用暴力。 ▪ [V -ing] Many experts advocate rewarding your child for good behaviour. 很多专家主张对小孩的良好表现加以奖励。 ▪ [V that] The report advocated that all buildings be fitted with smoke detectors. 报告主张所有的建筑物都应安装烟火探测器。 (BrE also) The report advocated that all buildings should be fitted with smoke detectors. 报告主张所有的建筑物都应安装烟火探测器。 ⇨ note at recommend ▪ [also VN -ing] noun / 5AdvEkEt / 1. ~ (of / for sth / sb) a person who supports or speaks in favour of sb or of a public plan or action 拥护者;支持者;提倡者: an advocate for hospital workers 医院工作人员的支持者 a staunch advocate of free speech 言论自由的坚定拥护者 ⇨ see also devil's advocate 2. a person who defends sb in court 辩护律师;出庭辩护人 ⇨ note at lawyer [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advocate1 /ˈædvəkeɪt/ ●●○ AWL verb [intransitive, transitive] to publicly support a particular way of doing something 主张,拥护,鼓吹 Extremists were openly advocating violence. 极端主义者公开鼓吹使用暴力。 advocate for American English Those who advocate for doctor-assisted suicide say the terminally ill should not have to suffer. 主张可以在医生协助下结束生命的人说,晚期病人不应当受罪。 ► see thesaurus at recommend Related topics: Occupations, Law advocate2 /ˈædvəkət, -keɪt/ ●●○ AWL noun [countable] 1  someone who publicly supports someone or something 提倡者,拥护者,鼓吹者 SYN proponent advocate of She’s a passionate advocate of natural childbirth. 她竭力主张自然分娩。 advocate for an advocate for the disabled 残障人士的支持者 2. a lawyer who speaks in a court of law, especially in Scotland 〔尤指苏格兰的〕出庭律师 → devil's advocate Origin advocate2 (1300-1400) Old French avocat, from Latin, past participle of advocare “to summon”, from ad- “to” + vocare “to call” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] advocate ★★★☆☆ The verb is pronounced /'ædvəkeɪt/. The noun is pronounced /'ædvəkət/. 动词读作 /'ædvəkeɪt/,名词读作 /'ædvəkət/。 1.VERB 动词拥护;提倡;主张 If you advocate a particular action or plan, you recommend it publicly. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 Mr Williams is a conservative who advocates fewer government controls on business. 威廉斯先生是个保守派,主张政府应减少对商业的控制。 ...the tax policy advocated by the Opposition. 反对党提倡的税收政策 2.N-COUNT 可数名词拥护者;提倡者 An advocate of a particular action or plan is someone who recommends it publicly. 【搭配模式】:oft N of n 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 He was a strong advocate of free market policies and a multi-party system. 他是自由市场政策和多党派制度的坚决拥护者。 3.N-COUNT 可数名词辩护律师 An advocate is a lawyer who speaks in favour of someone or defends them in a court of law. →see usage note at:lawyer 【FIELD标签】:LEGAL 法律 4.N-COUNT 可数名词See also:devil's advocate;(为某一类人)谋利益者 An advocate for a particular group is a person who works for the interests of that group. 【搭配模式】:with supp 【语域标签】:AM 美 ...advocates for the homeless... 为无家可归的人谋利益者 Animal rights advocates argue that zoos are really animal prisons and very often cruel. 动物权利保护者指出动物园实际上是动物的牢笼,经常很残酷地对待动物。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 advocate /ˈædvəkət/ noun plural advocates [count] 1 a : a person who argues for or supports a cause or policy拥护者;支持者 a birth control advocate = an advocate of birth control [=a person who advocates birth control] 计划生育的倡导者 a passionate/impassioned advocate of civil rights 积极的/狂热的民权拥护者 b US : a person who works for a cause or group(一项事业或个组织的)工作者 a women's health advocate = an advocate for women's health 妇女健康事业工作者 She works as a consumer advocate. 她是一名消费者权益维护者。 2 : a person who argues for the cause of another person in a court of law : lawyer辩护人;律师 2 advocate /ˈædvəˌkeɪt/ verb advocates; advocated; advocating [+ object] : to support or argue for (a cause, policy, etc.)提倡;赞成;主张 He advocates traditional teaching methods. 他提倡用传统的教学方法。 They advocate abolishing the income tax. = They advocate that the income tax should be abolished. 他们赞成废除所得税。 The plan is advocated by the president. 这一计划得到了总裁的支持。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • affair

    [ə'feə(r)]     美 [ə'fer]     n. 私通;事件;事务;事情 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 affair 高中必修500 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版必修B3U3 /əˈfeə(r)/ /əˈfeər/ n. affairs 7 事务,事件;私事,恋爱事件 高考真题原句提选: They were saved from looking at their lives as their own private affair. If this state of affairs had lasted, English today would be close to German. But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement. 二、词组|习惯用语 state of affairs 事态;情势 private affair 私事 business affair [律]商务 civil affair 民政事务 三、词根记忆词典》 affair n. [pl.]事務;事情(件);(個人的)事I met a fairly unfair affair upstairs.我在樓上遇到一件頗不公平的事. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] af·fair / E5feE(r); NAmE E5fer / noun PUBLIC / POLITICAL ACTIVITIES 公共/政治活动 1. affairs [pl.] events that are of public interest or political importance 公共事务;政治事务: world / international / business affairs 世界/国际/商业事务 an expert on foreign affairs (= political events in other countries) 外事专家 affairs of state 国务 ⇨ see also current affairs EVENT 事件 2. [C, usually sing.] an event that people are talking about or describing in a particular way 事件;事情: The newspapers exaggerated the whole affair wildly. 报章毫无根据地夸大了整个事件。 The debate was a pretty disappointing affair. 那次辩论使人颇感失望。 She wanted the celebration to be a simple family affair. 她希望庆祝活动仅限于家人参加。 RELATIONSHIP 关系 3. [C] a sexual relationship between two people, usually when one or both of them is married to sb else (尤指已婚男女的)私通,风流韵事: She is having an affair with her boss. 她跟老板有暧昧关系。 ⇨ see also love affair PRIVATE BUSINESS 私人业务 4. affairs [pl.] matters connected with a person's private business and financial situation 私人业务: I looked after my father's financial affairs. 我照管父亲的财务。 She wanted to put her affairs in order before she died. 她想在去世前把自己的事务安排妥当。 5. [sing.] a thing that sb is responsible for (and that other people should not be concerned with) 个人的事 SYN business : How I spend my money is my affair. 我如何用钱是我自己的事。 OBJECT 物品 6. [C] (old-fashioned) (with an adjective 与形容词连用) an object that is unusual or difficult to describe 不寻常之物;难描述的东西: Her hat was an amazing affair with feathers and a huge brim. 她的帽子嵌着羽毛,帽檐很宽,真是件奇物。 IDIOMS ⇨ see state n. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affair /əˈfeə $ əˈfer/ ●●● S2 W1 noun [countable] 1  PUBLIC/POLITICAL ACTIVITIES 公共/政治活动affairs [plural] a) public or political events and activities 事务 Are you interested in world affairs? 你对世界大事感兴趣吗? the Ministry of Foreign Affairs 外交部 Women had little role in public affairs. 女性过去几乎不参与公共事务。 b) things connected with your personal life, your financial situation etc 个人事务,私事 I am not prepared to discuss my financial affairs with the press. 我不打算同新闻界谈论我的财务情况。 → state of affairs at state1(8) 2  EVENT 事件 a) an event or set of related events, especially one that is impressive or shocking 〔尤指令人印象深刻或震惊的〕事件 the Watergate affair 水门事件 The whole affair was a disaster. 整个事件就是一场灾难。 b) used when describing an event 事情〔用于描述某事时〕 The party was a very grand affair. 聚会场面很大。 ► see thesaurus at event 3  RELATIONSHIP 关系 a secret sexual relationship between two people, when at least one of them is married to someone else 〔非配偶的〕暧昧关系,通奸,私通 SYN love affair affair with He had an affair with his boss that lasted six years. 他和老板的暧昧关系持续了六年。 4  OBJECT 物品 informal old-fashioned used when describing an object, machine etc 东西 The computer was one of those little portable affairs. 这台电脑属于小型、便携的那一种。 5  be somebody’s affair if something is your affair, it only concerns you and you do not want anyone else to get involved in it 是某人自己的事 What I do in my free time is my affair. 我在空余时间做什么是我自己的事。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affair ★★★★☆ 1.N-SING 单数名词事情;事件 If an event or a series of events has been mentioned and you want to talk about it again, you can refer to it as the affair . 【搭配模式】:the N The government has mishandled the whole affair... 政府对整个事件处理不当。 The affair began when customs officials inspected a convoy of 60 tankers... 就在海关关员检查一个60艘油轮的船队时,事情发生了。 The industry minister described the affair as 'an absolute scandal'. 工业部长将此事件形容为“绝对的丑闻”。 2.N-SING 单数名词…事件(指重要或有趣的事件或情况) You can refer to an important or interesting event or situation as 'the ... affair'. 【搭配模式】:usu the n-proper N 【FIELD标签】:mainly JOURNALISM 主新闻 ...the damage caused to the CIA and FBI in the aftermath of the Watergate affair. 水门事件发生后给美国中央情报局和联邦调查局造成的不良影响 ...confidential Bank of England documents relating to the BCCI affair. 与国际信贷商业银行事务相关的英格兰银行的机密文件 3.N-SING 单数名词…事(指具有某种特点的事情) You can describe the main quality of an event by saying that it is a particular kind of affair . 【搭配模式】:usu supp N Michael said that his planned 10-day visit would be a purely private affair... 迈克尔说他所计划的10天访问纯属个人私事。 Breakfast will be a cheerless affair for the Prime Minister this morning. 今天的早餐会让首相感觉全然无味。 4.N-SING 单数名词(不寻常的或具有某种特点的)东西 You can describe an object as a particular kind of affair when you want to draw attention to a particular feature, or indicate that it is unusual. 【搭配模式】:supp N All their beds were distinctive; Mac's was an iron affair with brass knobs... 他们的床都各具特色;马克的床是张带球形黄铜柱头的铁家伙。 He tried dividing it into two bundles, tying them to his walking stick, and slinging the whole affair across his back. 他试着将它分成两包绑在他的拐棍上,然后把所有东西都挂在后背上。 5.N-COUNT 可数名词See also:love affair;风流韵事;私通 If two people who are not married to each other have an affair, they have a sexual relationship. She was having an affair with someone at work. 她跟某一同事有染。 6.N-PLURAL 复数名词See also:current affairs;state of affairs;(关于某个主题所有的)事务 You can use affairs to refer to all the important facts or activities that are connected with a particular subject. 【搭配模式】:usu supp N He does not want to interfere in the internal affairs of another country... 他不想干涉别国内政。 With more details, here's our foreign affairs correspondent. 详细情况,请听我们外交事务记者的报道。 7.N-PLURAL 复数名词私事;个人事务 Your affairs are all the matters connected with your life which you consider to be private and normally deal with yourself. 【搭配模式】:usu poss N He was rational and consistent in the conduct of his affairs... 他处理私事时头脑清楚,始终如一。 The unexpectedness of my father's death meant that his affairs were not entirely in order. 家父的猝然离世留下了尚未完全安排妥当的身后事。 8.N-SING 单数名词(不容别人干涉的)事务 If you say that a decision or situation is someone's affair, you mean that it is their responsibility, and other people should not interfere. 【搭配模式】:poss N If you wish to make a fool of yourself, that is your affair... 如果你想让自己出丑,那是你自己的事。 If they want to stay and fight, then I guess that's their affair. 如果他们想留下来打架,我想那是他们自己的事。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affair /əˈfeɚ/ noun plural affairs 1 affairs [plural] : work or activities done for a purpose : commercial, professional, public, or personal business(商业机构、专业机构、公共或个人的)事务,活动 The group conducts its affairs [=business] in private. 这个组织暗地里开展活动。 We were told to arrange/settle our affairs. = We were told to put our affairs in order. 我们被告知要把我们自己的事安排有序。 handling/managing someone else's affairs 处理他人的事务 They seem to be quite pleased with the current/present state of affairs. [=situation] 他们似乎对目前的形势很满意。 She's the company's director of public affairs. [=the person who manages a company's relationship with the public] 她是公司的公共事务部主管。 She's an expert in foreign affairs. [=events and activities that involve foreign countries] 她是一名外事专家。 world/international affairs [=events and activities that involve different nations] 国际事务 After the war, the government focused on its own domestic affairs. 战后,政府集中精力处理本国的国内事务。 They accused the U.S. of interfering in the internal affairs of other nations. 他们谴责美国政府干涉别国内政。 2 [count] : a matter that concerns or involves someone(与某人有关的)事 This has nothing to do with you. It's not your affair. [=business, concern] = It's none of your affair. [=business] 这事与你无关。别多管闲事。 How I choose to live is my affair, not yours. 选择如何生活是我的私事,与你无关。 3 [count] : a secret sexual relationship between two people : love affair(男女之间的)私通,风流韵事,暧昧关系 adulterous/extramarital affairs between married men and single women 已婚男子与单身女子的私通/婚外恋 — often used in the phrase have an affair常用于短语have an affair She divorced her husband after she discovered that he was having an affair. 她发现丈夫有外遇之后就和他离婚了。 — often + with She had an affair with a coworker. 她与一名同事有过一段风流韵事。 4 [count] a : a social event or activity社交活动;喜庆事 He wants to make their wedding day an affair to remember. [=a special event] 他想让他们的婚礼这一天成为值得纪念的日子。 a simple/elaborate affair 简单的/复杂的事情 We were invited to a black-tie affair [=a party in which men wear tuxedos and women wear fancy dresses] at the governor's mansion. 我们应邀参加了在总督府举办的正式晚宴。 b : an event or series of events that usually involves well-known people(涉及名人的)事件 the famous hostage affair of the late 1970s *20世纪70年代末那场著名的人质事件 The public has shown little interest in the whole affair. 公众对整个事件显得不甚关心。 — often used with proper names常与专有名词连用 the Iran-Contra affair [=scandal] 伊朗门事件 5 [count] informal : something made or produced : an object or thing(做成的)东西;物件 The only bridge across the river was a flimsy affair of ropes and rotten wood. 河上唯一的一座桥只不过是用绳子和烂木头拼凑出的简易过河通道。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • affect

    [ə'fekt]     美 [ə'fekt]     vt. 影响;感动;作用 名词: affecter 过去式: affected 过去分词: affected 现在分词: affecting 第三人称单数: affects [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 affect 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U3 /əˈfekt/ v. affects 0 affecting 0 affected 1 影响 高考真题原句选: This can affect your work. How are cafés affected by French lifestyle changes? Athletes and scientists have long known that meal timing affects performance. 二、词组|习惯用语 affects v. 影响;喜欢(affect的三单形式);假装; n. 感情;引起感情的因素;情绪反应(affect的复数); affecting adj. 动人的,感人的; v. 影响;(疾病)侵袭,感染;使感动,打动;假装;炫耀,做作地使用(affect 的现在分词); negative affect 消极情感 affect display 情感展示 affected part 患部 affect heuristic 情感启发法(心理学术语) adversely affect 不良影响; 负面作用; inappropriate affect 不适当情感 adversely affected 产生负面影响 blunted affect 感情迟钝 网络短语: Affects 影响属性; 对粒子场影响; 感情; 影响; Ability to predictably affect goals 对目标效果的可预测性 But Also Adversely Affected 同时也倒霉感化 Almost did not affect 几乎没有影响 Affected by 受此影响 affecting women 女性特有的; 女性的; 妇女的; adversely affecting 不利影响; 负面影响; affected tooth 病牙 environment affecting 环境成因 三、词根记忆词典 affect vt. 影響;(疾病)侵襲;感動n.情感,感情His affection for the defects is affected by the infectious perfect effect.他對缺點的鍾愛受到具有感染力的完美效果的影響. v. 影響;感動(af使+fect→使人做→影響)[fac,fact,fect,fic,fig=make,do,表示"做,制作"] [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] af·fect / E5fekt / verb 1. [VN] [often passive] to produce a change in sb / sth 影响: How will these changes affect us? 这些变化对我们会有什么影响? Your opinion will not affect my decision. 你的意见不会影响我的决定。 The south of the country was worst affected by the drought. 该国南方旱情最严重。 2. [VN] [often passive] (of a disease 疾病) to attack sb or a part of the body; to make sb become ill / sick (疾病)侵袭,感染: The condition affects one in five women. 每五个妇女就有一个人患有这种病。 Rub the cream into the affected areas. 把乳膏揉进感染处。 3. [VN] [often passive] to make sb have strong feelings of sadness, pity, etc. (感情上)深深打动;使悲伤(或怜悯等): They were deeply affected by the news of her death. 她死亡的消息使他们唏嘘不已。 4. (formal) to pretend to be feeling or thinking sth 假装: ▪ [VN] She affected a calmness she did not feel. 她强装镇静。 ▪ [also V to inf] 5. [VN] (formal, disapproving) to use or wear sth that is intended to impress other people 炫耀;做作 SYN put on : I wish he wouldn't affect that ridiculous accent. 但愿他别故意装出那种可笑的腔调。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affect /əˈfekt/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL verb [transitive] 1  to do something that produces an effect or change in something or in someone’s situation 影响 the areas affected by the hurricane 受飓风影响的地区 a disease that affects the central nervous system 影响中枢神经系统的疾病 decisions which affect our lives 影响我们生活的决定 Trading has been adversely affected by the downturn in consumer spending. 贸易受到消费支出回落的不利影响。 2  to make someone feel strong emotions 使〔某人〕深有感触;打动,使感动 We were all deeply affected by her death. 我们都为她的去世深感悲痛。 3  formal to pretend to have a particular feeling, way of speaking etc 假装 As usual, Simon affected complete boredom. 和平时一样,西蒙装出无聊之极的样子。 He used to affect a foreign accent. 他过去常假装外国口音。 Origin affect 1. (1300-1400) Latin past participle of afficere “to influence”, from ad- “to” + facere “to do”2. (1400-1500) French affecter, from Latin affectare, from afficere [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affect ★★★★☆ 1.VERB 动词影响;使改变 If something affects a person or thing, it influences them or causes them to change in some way. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed Nicotine adversely affects the functioning of the heart and arteries... 尼古丁会对心脏及动脉功能造成损害。 More than seven million people have been affected by drought. 已有超过700万的民众受到旱灾的影响。 ...the worst-affected areas of Somalia. 索马里受影响最为严重的地区 2.VERB 动词(疾病)侵袭,感染 If a disease affects someone, it causes them to become ill. 【语法信息】:V n Arthritis is a crippling disease which affects people all over the world. 关节炎是一种会危害全人类健康的致残性疾病。 3.VERB 动词(感情上)打动,震动,使悲伤(或怜悯) If something or someone affects you, they make you feel a strong emotion, especially sadness or pity. 【语法信息】:V n The divorce affected Jim deeply... 离婚对吉姆打击很大。 Gregor loved his sister, and her loss clearly still affects him. 格雷戈尔爱他的姐姐,她的去世显然仍令他悲伤不已。 4.VERB 动词假装;佯装;装出…的样子 If you affect a particular characteristic or way of behaving, you pretend that it is genuine, or natural for you. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:Also V to-inf 【STYLE标签】:LITERARY 文 He listened to them, affecting an amused interest... 他装作饶有兴致地听他们说话。 Ms. Redgrave affects a heavy Italian accent. 雷德格雷夫女士假装带有浓重的意大利口音。 Usage Note : Note that the noun that comes from affect is effect. You can say that something affects you, or that is has an effect on you. ...the effect that noise has on people in factories. You can also talk about the effect of something. ...the effect of the anaesthetic. Effect can also be a verb. If you effect something such as a change or a repair, you make it happen or do it. This is a fairly formal word. She had effected a few hasty repairs. 注意,与affect相对应的名词是effect。可以说something affects you,也可以说it has an effect on you。例如:the effect that noise has on people in factories (噪音对工厂里的人们产生的影响)。谈论某事物的效果也可用 effect: the effect of the anaesthetic(麻醉药的作用)。effect也可用作动词,后接 change, repair 等词, 意为使发生或进行,该用法较为正式。例如:She had effected a few hasty repairs(她已经做了一些匆忙的修补)。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] affect /əˈfɛkt/ verb affects; affected; affecting [+ object] 1 : to produce an effect on (someone or something)影响: such as a : to act on (someone or something) and cause a change对…有影响;引起变化 His decisions could affect [=influence] the lives of millions of people. 他的这些决定会影响数百万人的生活。 The accident will affect [=influence] the value of the car. 那次事故会影响这辆车的价值。 We learned about the way the oceans are affected by the moon. 我们了解到月亮对海水的影响。 This medication may affect your ability to drive a car. [=this medicine may make it dangerous for you to drive a car] 服用此药后不宜驾车。 This new evidence will affect the outcome of the trial. 这个新证据将影响审判结果。 The news could adversely affect [=could hurt] her chances of becoming the next president. 这条消息会对她当选下届总统的可能性产生不利影响。 We kept the change from affecting [=harming] our friendship. 我们没有让这种改变伤害我们的友谊。 The incident really affected my opinion of him. 这个事件确实影响了我对他的看法。 b : to cause strong emotions in (someone)(在感情上)深深打动;震撼 The criticism affected [=bothered, upset] her deeply/greatly. 那些批评深深刺痛了她。 The entire town was affected by their deaths. [=everyone in the town felt sad about their deaths] 全镇人都为他们的死感到悲伤。 We were all greatly affected by the terrible news. [=we were all very upset by the terrible news] 噩耗传来,我们都深感悲痛。 c : to cause a change in (a part of the body)(疾病)侵袭 Paralysis affected his limbs. = His limbs were affected by/with paralysis. [=his limbs were paralyzed] 他的四肢瘫痪了。 The disease can affect your muscles. 这种病可能会侵袭你的肌肉。 drugs that affect the nervous/immune system 影响神经/免疫系统的药物 d : to cause illness in (someone)(使人)染病 The condition affects about five million adults each year. 每年大约500万成人感染这种疾病。 a serious disease primarily/mainly affecting women over the age of 40 一种多发于40岁以上女性的严重疾病 Only men appear to be affected by the disease 似乎只有男性才会染上这种疾病。 Usage用法Do not confuse the verbs affect and effect.不要混淆affect和effect。Affect means to act on or change someone or something.*Affect意为影响或改变某人或某事。 Rain affected [=influenced] their performance. 雨天影响了他们的表现。 Effect means to cause something to happen.*Effect意为促使某事发生。 The new president effected [=made, caused] many changes to/in the company's policies. 新总裁对公司的许多政策进行了调整。 Note that the verb affect and the noun effect are used in contexts that are similar.注意:动词affect和名词effect用于相似语境中。 The weather affected our plans. = The weather had an effect on our plans. [=the weather caused us to change our plans] 天气影响了我们的计划。 2 formal : to pretend that a false behavior or feeling is natural or genuine装作;假装 She affected indifference [=she pretended that she did not care], though she was deeply hurt. 尽管很受伤害,但她却装作若无其事。 He affected (a look of) surprise. [=he pretended to be surprised] 他装出吃惊的样子。 She affects [=feigns] a warm friendly manner. 她装出一副热情友好的样子。 He affected [=faked] a French accent. 他的法国口音是装出来的。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • afford

    [ə'fɔːd]     美 [ə'fɔːrd]     v. 花费得起;能够做;承担得起(后果);提供;给予 过去式: afforded 过去分词: afforded 现在分词: affording 第三人称单数: affords [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 afford 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:8 /əˈfɔːd/ /əˈfɔːrd/ v. affords 0 affording 0 afforded 1 负担得起(…的费用);抽得出(时间);提供 高考真题原句选: And these days, a good deal is something few of us can afford to pass up. My parents had raised me to be aware of the advantage we had been afforded and the responsibility it brought to us. I encourage readers to go to their local library when they can’t afford to purchase a book. 二、词组|习惯用语 can afford 买得起;有能力负担 三、词根记忆词典 afford vt. 擔負得起(損失,費用,後果等),買得起According to the record, the cord was the oldest recorder the people could afford.據記載,繩子是人們用得起的最古老的記錄器. 買得起(af+ford拿出→一再拿出{錢}→買得起)[ab-,ac-,ad-,af-,ag-,an-,ap-,ar-,as-,at-等加在同輔音字母的詞根前,表示"一再"等加強意] 四、辨析 afford, give, provide, supply 这四个词都有“给”“供给”“提供”的意思。其区别是: 1.afford指为一定的目的而“给”“提供”所需要的东西; give指无需偿还地把金钱、物品、时间、麻烦等有形或无形的东西“送给”“授予”“供给”某人; provide主要指为某人、某物或某事“提供”“供应”某物品,尤指生活必需品; supply指用物“供给”“供应”或“提供”给国家、群众、工厂、城市、市场等,以部队为对象时,往往只供给生活必需品,而不指武器。例如: Some trees afford resin. 有些树产树脂。 I should like to give him a chance.我想给他一个机会。 Now we supply power to nine-tenths of the city's homes.现在我们向这个城市十分之九的家庭提供电力。 2.afford后面可跟不定式或动名词,还常用在can, could, be able to后面表示“担负得起”某事物的费用、损失、后果等,以及“抽得出”时间、人力,其后可接双宾语,意思是“向某人提供某物”; provide后面可接for, with和against等介词; supply后可接介词to。例如: Our garden affords us fresh vegetables.我们的园子为我们提供新鲜蔬菜。 More and more vegetables and fruit are supplied to the army.越来越多的蔬菜和水果供应部队。 The programme aims to provide self-sufficiency for local needs.这项计划旨在使当地需要得以自足。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] af·ford / E5fC:d; NAmE E5fC:rd / verb 1. [no passive] (usually used with can, could or be able to, especially in negative sentences or questions 通常与 can、could 或 be able to 连用,尤用于否定句或疑问句) to have enough money or time to be able to buy or to do sth 买得起;(有时间)做,能做: ▪ [VN] Can we afford a new car? 我们买得起一辆新车吗? None of them could afford £50 for a ticket. 他们中没有哪个拿得出 50 英镑买一张票。 She felt she couldn't afford any more time off work. 她觉得再也抽不出时间歇班了。 ▪ [V to inf] We can't afford to go abroad this summer. 今年夏天我们没有足够的钱去国外。 She never took a taxi, even though she could afford to. 尽管她坐得起出租汽车,但她从未坐过。 ▪ [VN to inf] He couldn't afford the money to go on the trip. 他不够钱去这次旅行。 2. [no passive] (usually used with can or could, especially in negative sentences and questions 通常与 can 或 could 连用,尤用于否定句或疑问句) if you say that you can't afford to do sth, you mean that you should not do it because it will cause problems for you if you do 承担得起(后果): ▪ [V to inf] We cannot afford to ignore this warning. 我们对这个警告绝不能等闲视之。 (formal) They could ill afford to lose any more staff. 他们再也不能损失员工了。 ▪ [VN] We cannot afford any more delays. 我们不能再有任何耽搁了。 3. (formal) to provide sb with sth 提供;给予: ▪ [VN] The tree affords some shelter from the sun. 这棵树可以挡一挡太阳。 ▪ [VNN] The programme affords young people the chance to gain work experience. 这项计划给年轻人提供了获得工作经验的机会。 • af·ford·abil·ity / E7fC:dE5bilEti; NAmE E7fC:rd- / noun [U] • af·ford·able / E5fC:dEbl; NAmE E5fC:rd- / adj.: affordable prices / housing 付得起的价格;买得起的住宅 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afford /əˈfɔːd $ -ɔːrd/ ●●● S1 W3 verb [transitive] 1  can/could afford [usually negative] a) to have enough money to buy or pay for something 买得起 afford (to do) something We can’t afford to go on vacation this year. 今年我们没钱去度假。 I couldn’t afford the rent on my own. 我单靠自己付不起房租。 How can she afford to eat out every night? 每天晚上下馆子她怎么能负担得起? b) to have enough time to do something 抽得出〔时间〕 Dad can’t afford any more time off work. 爸爸没有办法再请假了。 c) if you cannot afford to do something, you must not do it because it could cause serious problems for you 承担得起 afford to do something We can’t afford to wait any longer or we’ll miss the plane. 我们再也不能等下去了,否则会赶不上飞机的。 Afford can be followed by an infinitive with to , but not an ‘-ing’ form: I can’t afford to buy (NOT can’t afford buying) a car. Afford 之后可以接带 to 的不定式,但是不能接 ‘-ing’ 形式: I can’t afford to buy (不说 can’t afford buying) a car. 我买不起汽车。 2  formal to provide something or allow something to happen 提供,给予 The room affords a beautiful view over the city. 这房间可以俯瞰城市美景。 afford (somebody) an opportunity/chance It afforded her the opportunity to improve her tennis skills. 这给了她提高网球水平的机会。 The new law will afford protection to employees. 新法律将为雇员提供保障。 —affordable adj affordable housing 负担得起的住房 Origin afford Old English geforthian “to carry out”, from forth [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afford ★★★☆☆ 1.VERB 动词买得起;负担得起 If you cannot afford something, you do not have enough money to pay for it. 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V to-inf My parents can't even afford a new refrigerator... 我父母甚至买不起一台新冰箱。 The arts should be available to more people at prices they can afford... 艺术品应该以人们能够承受的价格面向更多的人出售。 We couldn't afford to buy a new rug. 我们买不起新的小地毯。 2.VERB 动词经得住;承受得起 If you say that you cannot afford to do something or allow it to happen, you mean that you must not do it or must prevent it from happening because it would be harmful or embarrassing to you. 【语法信息】:V to-inf 【语法信息】:V n We can't afford to wait... 我们等不起。 The country could not afford the luxury of an election. 该国负担不起选举这样奢侈的事。 3.VERB 动词提供;给予 If someone or something affords you an opportunity or protection, they give it to you. 【语法信息】:V n n 【语法信息】:V n 【语法信息】:V-ed 【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式 This affords us the opportunity to ask questions about how the systems might change... 这给我们提供了就系统可能如何改变进行提问的机会。 It was a cold room, but it afforded a fine view of the Old City. 这房间虽然很冷,但是它能让人将古城的景致尽收眼底。 ...the protection afforded by the police. 警方提供的保护 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afford /əˈfoɚd/ verb affords; afforded; affording [+ object] 1 : to be able to pay for (something)买得起;付得起 We were too poor to afford a doctor. 我们太穷了,看不起病。 He'll be able to afford a house next year. 明年他就能买得起房了。 Don't spend more than you can afford. 消费要量力而为。 They couldn't afford new coats for the children. 他们没有钱给孩子们买新外套。 — often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式 They couldn't afford to buy new coats for the children. 他们没有钱给孩子们买新外套。 Don't spend more than you can afford to (spend). 消费要量力而为。 2 : to be able to do (something) without having problems or being seriously harmed承担得起;经得起 We can afford waiting a while longer. 我们可以再多等一会儿。 — usually followed by to + verb通常接动词不定式 We can afford to wait a while longer. 我们可以再多等一会儿。 — usually used in negative constructions通常用于否定结构 She's already too thin. She can't afford to lose any more weight. = She can ill afford to lose any more weight. 她已经很瘦了,体重不能再减了。 3 formal : to supply or provide (something needed or wanted) to someone提供;给予 All of the rooms afford views of the lake. 所有房间都可以看到湖景。 He was afforded the opportunity to work for a judge. 他得到了一个为法官工作的机会。 — affordability /əˌfordəˈbɪləti/ noun [noncount] the affordability of health care 医疗的支付能力 — affordable /əˈfordəbəl/ adjective [more affordable; most affordable] a more affordable car 一辆价格更实惠的车 affordable housing [=housing that is not overly expensive] 买得起的住房 an affordable price 可承受的价格 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • afraid

    [ə'freɪd]     美 [ə'freɪd] adj. 抱歉的;担心的;害怕的 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 afraid 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:32 /əˈfreɪd/ a. 害怕的,担心 高考真题原句提选: I'm afraid you're going to be disappointed. Don’t be afraid of asking for help when it is needed. Sometimes they are afraid to try something to help. 二、词组|习惯用语 afraid of 害怕 i'm afraid 我害怕;恐怕 三、词根记忆词典 afraid adj. 害怕的,恐懼的;犯愁的,不樂意的Without my aid I'm afraid the maiden would have been raided.沒有我的幫助我怕少女已遭到襲擊. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afraid / E5freid / adjective [not before noun] 1. ~ (of sb / sth) | ~ (of doing sth) | ~ (to do sth) feeling fear; frightened because you think that you might be hurt or suffer 害怕,畏惧(可能受伤害、受苦): Don't be afraid. 别怕。 It's all over. There's nothing to be afraid of now. 一切都结束了。现在没有什么可怕的了。 Are you afraid of spiders? 你怕蜘蛛吗? I started to feel afraid of going out alone at night. 我开始害怕夜间单独外出了。 She was afraid to open the door. 她不敢开门。 2. ~ of doing sth | ~ to do sth | ~ (that...) worried about what might happen 担心(会发生某事): She was afraid of upsetting her parents. 她担心会使她父母不安。 Don't be afraid to ask if you don't understand. 你要是不懂,尽管问好了。 We were afraid (that) we were going to capsize the boat. 我们担心会把船弄翻。 3. ~ for sb / sth worried or frightened that sth unpleasant, dangerous, etc. will happen to a particular person or thing 担心,生怕(将发生不快、不幸或危险的事): I'm not afraid for me, but for the baby. 我担心的不是自己,而是婴儿。 They had already fired three people and he was afraid for his job. 他们已经解雇了三人,所以他为他的工作担忧。 IDIOMS ▪ I'm afraid used as a polite way of telling sb sth that is unpleasant or disappointing, or that you are sorry about (礼貌地说出令人不快、失望或感到遗憾的事)我怕,恐怕,很遗憾,对不起: I can't help you, I'm afraid. 对不起,我帮不了你的忙。 I'm afraid we can't come. 很遗憾,我们来不了。 I'm afraid that it's not finished yet. 此事恐怕还没有完。 He's no better, I'm afraid to say. 我很抱歉地说,他一点也不见好转。 'Is there any left?' ' I'm afraid not.' "还有剩的没有?" "恐怕没有。" 'Will it hurt?' ' I'm afraid so.' "那痛不痛?" "恐怕会痛。" 四、辨析 adj. (形容词)
    be afraid of v-ing, be afraid to-v
    • afraid 后面可接动名词(其前加of),也可接动词不定式,一般说,这两种说法的意思没有多少区别。例如:
    • I'm afraid of flying〔to fly〕.我害怕坐飞机。
    • I'm afraid of diving〔to dive〕 into the swimming-pool.我不想在游泳池里跳水。
    • He is afraid to see〔of seeing〕 you again.他怕再见到你。
    • 有时这两种说法在含义上有差别,例如:
    • She was afraid of waking her husband up.
    • 她怕吵醒丈夫。
    • She was afraid to wake her husband up.
    • 她不敢喊醒丈夫。
    • 前者的含义是“她不想打扰他,可能因为他病了或累了,需要休息”,而后者的含义则是“她不敢喊醒他,怕他生气”。前者注意的是“无意的后果”,后者注意的则是“有意的行为”。
    • 正是因为有上述差别,所以,当谈论那些我们自己并不希望也不能决定而突然降临到我们头上的事情时,只能用 v -ing形式,而不能用不定式。例如:
    • I'm afraid of crashing.我害怕撞车。
    • 如果说 I'm afraid to crash,则意味着“我不敢撞车。”再如:“我们害怕被抢劫。”只能说We are afraid of being robbed.“我不爱讲法语,因为我怕讲错。”只能说I don't like to speak French because I'm afraid of making mistakes.“我怕摔进游泳池里。”也只能说I'm afraid of falling into the swimming-pool.
    be afraid of, be afraid for
    • 这两个短语含义不同,前者的含义是“害怕”,后接的名词是令人害怕或具有危险的事物; 而后者的含义是“替…担心”,后接的名词是令人担心或处于危险之中的事物。试比较以下两组例子:
    • I am afraid of that old man.
    • 我害怕那老头儿。
    • I am afraid for that old man.
    • 我替那老头儿担心。
    • She was afraid of the job.
    • 她害怕那工作。
    • She was afraid for her job.
    • 她害怕失去工作。
    afraid, fear
    • 这两个词都是“害怕”的意思。其区别是:
    • 1.afraid 是形容词, fear是动词(也可作名词)。be afraid of=fear, be afraid of v -ing = fear to- v 。例如:
    • There is nothing to fear〔to be afraid of〕.没有什么好怕的。
    • I fear offending him.〔I am afraid of offending him.〕我怕得罪他。
    • We are not afraid of difficulties.〔We fear no difficulty.〕我们不怕困难。
    • 2.在非正式场合, be afraid (of)比fear常用得多。例如:
    • Are you afraid of the dark?天这么黑了,你害怕吗?
    • 虽然Do you fear the dark?也是可以的,但是在口语里不大这么说。
    afraid, frightened
    • 这两个词都是“害怕”的意思。其区别是:
    • 1.afraid是形容词,或泛指一种恐惧心理,或用于习惯的、经常的“惧怕”; frightened是过去分词用作形容词,故仍保存着强烈的动作意味,表示为某一突然的特殊事物所“吓着”。例如:
    • She was frightened by a strange noise outside the window.她被窗外一声怪叫吓了一跳。
    • The boy was almost frightened out of his life.那小孩被吓得魂不附体。
    • She was very much frightened at the sight of the traffic accident.她一看到那次交通事故,心里害怕极了。
    • The child was frightened by the thunder and started to cry.这孩子被雷声吓得哭起来了。
    • 2.afraid一般只作表语; 而frightened既可作表语,又可作定语。例如:
    • a frightened child受惊的孩子
    • a frightened bird一只受惊的小鸟
    • 3.搭用的介词也有所不同, afraid后只能用of; 而frightened后除可用of外,还可用at, by, about。例如:
    • frightened of dogs怕狗
    • frightened at〔by〕 the arrival of the police害怕警察的到来
    • frightened about difficulty怕困难
    • 4.frightened后可接by短语,而afraid则不能。
    • 5.frightened后可接表示程度的介词短语作状语,而afraid则不能。例如:
    • frightened to death被吓死
    • frightened out of one's life吓得要命
    • frightened into submission被吓得屈服了
    afraid, awful, fearful, frightful, horrible, scared, terrible
    • 这组词都有“可怕的”“害怕的”意思。其区别在于:afraid泛指一种“恐惧心理”,多用于习惯地、经常地“惧怕”; awful指由于过分的崇敬或畏惧而引起的害怕,但不厌恶,有较庄严的含义; fearful指预感到危险、失败或麻烦时而恐惧,也指担心可能发生的结果,侧重于主体的心里感觉,而与外界关系不大; scared主要指因身心遭受伤害而恐惧,也指不明根源的无形恐惧; frightful指巨大的或令人意外的事件给人带来的害怕或惊骇; terrible和horrible都可指感情上的厌恶,令人感到不舒服, horrible更甚,指碰到的怪诞的、丑陋的、危险的事物或道德上腐败堕落的行为所引起的强烈的情绪波动,还特指依靠恐怖的或可怕的事物取得吓人的效果。例如:
    • We are afraid to walk in the park at night since the woman was killed there.我们害怕夜里在那公园里走路,因为那个女人是在那儿被害的。
    • The old man believed that God has an awful power.这位老人相信上帝具有令人敬畏的能力。
    • The playwright was fearful that the opening night would be a failure.剧作家担心首场演出会失败。
    • Frightful earthquakes occur somewhere on the earth every year.每年地球上常不定期在什么地方发生可怕的地震。
    • A horrible sight met her eyes.一幅令人毛骨悚然的景象出现在她的眼前。
    • Nothing can erase from her mind the memory of that terrible day.没有什么东西可以消除她头脑里对那可怕的一天的记忆。
    I am afraid,I regret
    • 这两者在有些句子里(例如都用作表示道歉的客气话时)意思上和语气上没有明显的差别,可以互换。例如:
    • I am afraid〔I regret〕 that I shall not be able to attend the party.我恐怕不能参加这次聚会〔很遗憾,我不能参加这次聚会〕。
    • 但一般情况下,这两者在含义上还是多少有些差别的。I am afraid...表示说话人多少有些不情愿的情绪,而I regret则重在表示说话人感到遗憾的心理。例如:
    • I am afraid she didn't tell the truth.
    • 我恐怕她没有说实话。
    • I regret that she didn't tell the truth.
    • 很遗憾她没有说实话。
    • 前者的含义是“我并不愿意把这一点说穿”,后者的含义是“她应该说实话,遗憾的是她并没有这样做”。
    下面的句子具有两种含义:
    • He was afraid of dying.
    • 他怕死。
    • 他恐怕将会死。
    下面两个句子的含义不同:
    • They shouted to me to jump the ditch but I was afraid.
    • 他们叫我跳过壕沟,可是我不敢。
    • They shouted to me to jump the ditch but I was afraid to.
    • 他们叫我跳过壕沟,可是我不敢跳。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afraid /əˈfreɪd/ ●●● S1 W2 adjective [not before noun] 1  frightened because you think that you may get hurt or that something bad may happen 害怕的,恐惧的 SYN scared be/feel afraid There’s no need to be afraid. 没有必要害怕。 afraid of something kids who are afraid of the dark 怕黑的孩子 afraid of doing something He was afraid of being caught by the police. 他怕被警察抓住。 afraid to do something Zoe was afraid to go back into the house. 佐伊有点害怕回到那幢房子里。 ► see thesaurus at frightened Register 2  worried that something bad will happen as a result of your actions 担心的,忧虑的 afraid (that) He was afraid that the other kids would laugh at him. 他担心其他孩子会嘲笑他。 afraid of doing something I didn’t tell her because I was afraid of upsetting her. 我没有告诉她,因为怕她不高兴。 afraid of something The government was afraid of the reaction from the public. 政府担心民众强烈抗议。 afraid to do something Don’t be afraid to ask for help. 不要怕寻求帮助。 3  afraid for somebody/something worried that something bad may happen to a particular person or thing 为某人/某事担心 Her father looked ill and she was suddenly afraid for him. 她父亲似乎不舒服,她一下子为他担心起来。 Many of us were afraid for our jobs. 我们许多人为自己的工作担心。 4  I’m afraid spoken used to politely tell someone something that may annoy, upset, or disappoint them 恐怕,很遗憾 That’s the most we can offer you, I’m afraid. 恐怕我们最多只能给你这些了。 I’m afraid (that) I’m afraid you’ve come to the wrong address. 恐怕你找错地址了。 ‘Is she very ill?’ ‘I’m afraid so (=yes).’ “她病得很厉害吗?”“恐怕是的。” ‘Did you see him?’ ‘I’m afraid not (=no).’ “你见到他了吗?”“很遗憾,没有。” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afraid ★★★☆☆ 1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词害怕的;恐惧的 If you are afraid of someone or afraid to do something, you are frightened because you think that something very unpleasant is going to happen to you. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ She did not seem at all afraid... 她毫无惧色。 I was afraid of the other boys... 我害怕其他的男孩们。 I'm still afraid to sleep in my own bedroom. 我还是不敢在自己的卧室里睡觉。 2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词担心的;忧虑的 If you are afraid for someone else, you are worried that something horrible is going to happen to them. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ She's afraid for her family in Somalia. 她为身在索马里的家人担心。 3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词顾忌的;犯愁的 If you are afraid that something unpleasant will happen, you are worried that it may happen and you want to avoid it. 【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ I was afraid that nobody would believe me... 我担心没有人会相信我。 The Government is afraid of losing the election... 现届政府担心会在选举中落败。 4.PHRASE 短语(用以道歉或婉转地提出异议)很抱歉,很遗憾,恐怕 If you want to apologize to someone or to disagree with them in a polite way, you can say I'm afraid. 【搭配模式】:PHR with cl 【语用信息】:politeness 【STYLE标签】:SPOKEN 口语 We don't have anything like that, I'm afraid... 我们恐怕没有那样的东西。 I'm afraid I can't help you... 恐怕我帮不了你。 'Bad news?' — 'I'm afraid so.' “坏消息吗?”——“恐怕是。” [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afraid /əˈfreɪd/ adjective not used before a noun 1 [more afraid; most afraid] : feeling fear害怕;恐惧: such as a : worried that something will cause pain or injury害怕(疼痛或受伤) Don't be afraid [=frightened, scared]—the dog won't hurt you. 别害怕,这只狗不会咬你的。 — often + of I don't like tall buildings because I'm afraid of heights. [=of being high up in the air] 我不喜欢很高的楼,因为我恐高。 He's afraid of snakes. 他害怕蛇。 All the kids at school were afraid of him. 学校的所有孩子都怕他。 b : nervous about doing something害怕,畏惧(做某事) — often + of She's afraid of failing/failure. 她害怕失败。 He wasn't afraid of saying what he thought. 他不怕说出他的想法。 Don't be afraid of [=don't worry about] what everyone else thinks. 不要担心别人怎么想。 — often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式 He wasn't afraid to say what he thought. 他不怕说出他的想法。 I wanted to visit her, but I was afraid to ask. 我想去看望她,但我又不敢问。 Don't be afraid to take risks. 不要害怕冒险。 c : nervous or worried that something might happen担心,害怕(某事会发生) She's afraid (that) she might fail. 她生怕自己会失败。 We were all afraid (that) she wouldn't live. 我们大家全都担心她会死去。 I'm afraid (that) everyone will laugh at me. 我担心大家会笑话我。 I was afraid (that) you would say “no.” 我担心你会说“不”。 2 — used in the phrase I'm afraid as a polite way of showing that you are sorry about a disappointing, negative, or critical statement我恐怕,不好意思(用作委婉说法,表达令人不快的、否定的或批评性话语) I'm sorry, but I'm afraid (that) I won't be able to come to your party. 对不起,我恐怕不能参加你的聚会了。 She tries hard, but I'm afraid that her work just isn't very good. 她很努力,但我不得不说她的活儿干得还不是非常好。 I'm afraid that I still don't understand the problem. 不好意思,我还是搞不明白这个问题。 This is only the beginning of the battle, I'm afraid. 我担心这只是战争的开始。 Most of us worked very hard, but she, I'm afraid to say [=I'm sorry to say; I regret to say], did no work at all. 我们当中的绝大多数人工作都很努力,但我很遗憾地说,她什么都没干。 “Is it raining?” “I'm afraid so.” = “I'm afraid it is.” [=yes, it is] “下雨了吗?”“恐怕是的。” “Can you come to our party?” “I'm afraid not.” = “I'm afraid I can't.” [=no, I can't come] “你能来参加我们的聚会吗?”“我恐怕来不了。” 3 — used with not to say that someone is willing to do something(与not连用)表示愿意做某事 — often + of She's not afraid of hard work. = She's not afraid of working hard. [=she's willing to work hard; she works hard] 她工作肯吃苦。 You can't be afraid of getting dirty in this job. [=you have to be willing to get dirty in this job] 你干这份工作就不能怕脏了。 — often followed by to + verb常接动词不定式 She's not afraid to work hard. 她工作肯吃苦。 He's not afraid to admit his mistakes. 他敢于承认错误。 afraid for : feeling fear or worry about (something or someone)害怕;担心;焦虑 I'm afraid for the children. 我很担心这几个孩子。 They were afraid for their lives. [=they feared for their lives; they were afraid that they might die] 他们担心自己的生命安全。 He's afraid for his job. [=he's worried that he might lose his job] 他担心会失去工作。 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • Africa

    ['æfrɪkə]     美 ['æfrɪkə]     n. 非洲 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 Africa 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:21 /ˈæfrɪkə/ n. 非洲 高考真题原句提选: The doctor the nurse is talking to is leaving for Africa next month. 二、词组|习惯用语 south africa 南非 north africa 北非;非洲北部 west africa 西非;非洲西部 sub-saharan africa 撒哈拉以南非洲 east africa 东非 republic of south africa 南非共和国 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] Africa /ˈæfrɪkə/ proper noun : continent south of the Mediterranean Sea非洲 — African adjective or noun [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • African

    ['æfrɪkən]     美 ['æfrɪkən]     adj. 非洲的;非洲人的 n. 非洲人 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 African 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:14 /ˈæfrɪkən/ a.&n. Africans 1 非洲的,非洲人的 & 非洲人 高考真题原句提选: Benin is one of the smallest African states. The rest of the population are mostly black Africans. 二、词组|习惯用语 south african 南非;南非的;南非人;南非人的 african american 非裔美国人(指美国黑人);非裔美籍(等于African American) central african republic n. 中非共和国 african national congress 非洲国民大会 african elephant 非洲象 african swine fever 非洲猪瘟;非洲猪热病 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] African Af·ri·can / 5AfrikEn / adjective of or connected with Africa 非洲的 noun a person from Africa, especially a black person 非洲人(尤指黑人) [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] African1 /ˈæfrɪkən/ adjective relating to Africa or its people 非洲的;非洲人的 Related topics: Nationality & race African2 noun [countable] someone from Africa 非洲人 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] African 1.ADJ 形容词非洲的;非洲人的 African means belonging or relating to the continent of Africa, or to its countries or people. ...the African continent. 非洲大陆 ...African countries. 非洲国家 2.ADJ 形容词非洲黑人的 African means belonging or relating to black people who come from Africa. ...traditional African culture. 传统的非洲黑人文化 ...dance music with African roots. 源自非洲黑人的舞蹈音乐 3.ADJ 形容词来自非洲的;(通常指)非洲黑人的 African is used to describe someone, usually a black person, who comes from Africa. ...African women. 非洲妇女 An African is someone who is African.非洲人;非洲黑人 Fish is a staple in the diet of many Africans. 鱼类是许多非洲人的主食。 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] African /ˈæfrɪkən/ noun plural Africans [count] 1 : a person born, raised, or living in Africa非洲人 2 : a descendant of Africans非洲后裔 — African adjective African history/countries 非洲的历史/国家 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • after

    ['ɑːftə(r)]     美 ['æftər] adv. 以后;后来 conj. 在 ... 以后 prep. 在 ... 之后;在后面;关于;追赶;依照 adj. 以后的 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 after 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:309 /ˈɑːftə(r)/ /ˈæftər/ ad. prep.&conj. 在后,后来 & 在…之后,在…后面 & 在…以后 高考真题原句提选: They found they loved talking to people along the way and wanted to continue talking with strangers after their return. In that small inn in New Jersey, no meals were served after seven. Even after all these years, I want to get better and better. After staying overnight in London, we travel on Day 2 to northern France to visit the World War I battlefields. Week after week he had to perform lab experiments with answers already known. Only after a year of friendly discussion did Ms Garza finally say yes. After all, it had taken 15 years to persuade her to buy an electric cooker. People after end up living here longer than they planned. After some of the causes of their poor reading were discovered, they were given special instruction and practice in reading. 二、词组|习惯用语 after all 毕竟;终究 go after 追求,追逐 ever after 从此以后一直 after hours adv. 下班;工作完毕后 三、词根记忆词典 after prep. 在…以後;在…後面adv.以後,後來After graduation, he went to Michigan.畢業後他去了密歇根. 四、辨析 prep. (介词)
    after, at, by, for, from, over, with, through
    • 这两个词都可表示“按照”“根据”“依照”“依从”。其区别在于:
    • 1.at多接抽象名词; 而by多接具体名词。
    • 2.这两个词都有“按…计算”的意思,不过by用于英式英语; at用于美式英语。
    after, behind
    • 这两个介词都可表示“在…之后”。其区别是:
    • after往往表示时间的先后; behind多表示位置或方向的先后,与动态动词连用时表示运动方向。
    after, beyond
    • 这两个词都可表示时间上“晚于”“在…之后”。作“晚于”解时两者常可互换使用。其区别在于:
    • 1.after表示发生在某事或某时〔点,段〕之后,可以是紧接,也可以是不紧接; 而beyond有发生于原定的或惯常的时间之后的意味。
    • 2.在美国, after可表示“已过几点”或“几点以后”; 而beyond没有这种用法。
    after, despite, for, notwithstanding, with
    • 这几个词均可表示“让步”。after表示“让步”时在大多数情况下要和all连用,意思是“经过一切…之后,仍然…”; despite和in spite of具有相同的意思,但despite是正式用语,且语气较强; for表示“让步”时,其意思和用法与with基本相同,表示有保留的或未起作用的理由、原因,有“虽然…还是…”“尽管…仍然…”的意思,它们一般用于口语中,而且都必须和all连用,出现在句首; notwithstanding是正式用语,表示“让步”的语气较弱,其宾语往往是表示难度较小的障碍的名词,它引导的短语可以置于句首,亦可置于句中或句末,有时还可置于它引导的短语之后。
    after, in, since
    • 这三个介词都可指示时间关系,表示“在…之后”。其区别是:
    • after可表示从过去时间算起的一段时间之后,往往与过去时态连用(若接表示时间点的词,也可与将来时态连用); in则表示从现在时间算起推移到将来的一段时间之后,一般与将来时态连用; since所表示的时间往往是从过去某一点时间一直延续到说话的时间,因而一般与完成时态连用。
    after, past, to
    • 这三个词均可表示钟点。表示在30分钟之内时可以用after或past,但前者一般用于美式英语,而后者在美式英语和英式英语中通用; 在表示超过30分钟时要用to,其后接下一个钟点。
    after time, after a time
    • after time的意思是“迟到”“超过规定时间”,而after a time的意思则是“过了一段时间”。
    after,behind,at the back of
    • 这些词均有“在……后面”之意。
    • after强调的是顺序的先后。
    • behind在表示地点时侧重方向和位置的前后关系,在表示时间时侧重“落后……”或“迟于……”的概念。
    • at the back of这个前置词短语既可指具体的位置的先后,又可用于指抽象的概念。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] after / 5B:ftE(r); NAmE 5Af- / preposition 1. later than sth; following sth in time (时间)在…后: We'll leave after lunch. 我们将在午饭后动身。 They arrived shortly after 5. 他们是在 5 点钟刚过到达的。 Not long after that he resigned. 那以后不久他就辞职了。 Let's meet the day after tomorrow / the week after next. 咱们后天/下下周再见。 After winning the prize she became famous overnight. 她获奖后一夜之间成名了。 After an hour I went home (= when an hour had passed). 一小时之后我回家了。 (NAmE) It's two after eight in the morning (= 7.10 a.m.) 现在是早上七点十分。 2. ... after... used to show that sth happens many times or continuously (表示反复不断或一个接着一个): day after day of hot weather 日复一日的炎热天气 I've told you time after time not to do that. 我一再告诉过你不要干那件事。 ⇨ see also one after another at six 3. behind sb when they have left; following sb 跟随;追赶;在…后面: Shut the door after you. 随手关门。 I'm always having to clean up after the children (= clean the place after they have left it dirty and untidy). 孩子们离开以后,我总得打扫一番。 He ran after her with the book. 他拿着那本书在后面追赶她。 She was left staring after him. 她目不转睛地望着他离去的背影。 4. next to and following sb / sth in order or importance (按顺序、重要性)在…后面,仅次于: Your name comes after mine in the list. 在名单上你的名字在我的后面。 He's the tallest, after Richard. 除了理查德,他的个子最高。 After you (= Please go first). 请先走。 After you with the paper. (= Can I have it next?) 报纸你看完了给我看。 5. in contrast to sth 与…对照;与…对比: It was pleasantly cool in the house after the sticky heat outside. 与户外的湿热相比,屋里真是凉爽惬意。 6. as a result of or because of sth that has happened 鉴于;由于: I'll never forgive him after what he said. 由于他说了那些话,我永远也不会饶恕他。 7. despite sth; although sth has happened 尽管;即使某事之后: I can't believe she'd do that, not after all I've done for her. 在我为她做了这一切之后,我无法相信她会那样做。 8. trying to find or catch sb / sth 寻找;追捕: The police are after him. 警方正在追捕他。 He's after a job at our place. 他到我们这儿找工作。 9. about sb / sth 关于: She asked after you (= how you were). 她问候你。 10. in the style of sb / sth; following the example of sb / sth 模仿;依照: a painting after Goya 一幅仿戈雅的画 We named the baby 'Ena' after her grandmother. 我们以婴儿祖母的名字给婴儿取名"埃娜"。 11. after- (in adjectives 构成形容词) happening or done later than the time or event mentioned …后的: after-hours drinking (= after closing time) 打烊时间以后饮酒 an after-school club 课外活动俱乐部 after-dinner mints 餐后薄荷糖 IDIOMS ▪ 7after 'all 1. despite what has been said or expected 毕竟;终归: So you made it after all! 你毕竟成功了! 2. used when you are explaining sth, or giving a reason (解释或说明理由)别忘了,到底: He should have paid. He suggested it, after all. 他本来就应该付款。反正他自己也这么提出。 ▪ be after doing sth (IrishE) 1. to be going to do sth soon; to be intending to do sth soon 正要做某事;打算就要做某事 2. to have just done sth 刚做了某事 conjunction at a time later than sth; when sth has finished 在…以后: I'll call you after I've spoken to them. 我和他们谈了以后就给你打电话。 Several years after they'd split up they met again by chance in Paris. 他们离异几年以后在巴黎又偶然相遇。 adverb later in time; afterwards 后来;以后: That was in 1996. Soon after, I heard that he'd died. 那是在 1996 年。不久以后我听说他死了。 I could come next week, or the week after. 我可能下周来,或者再下一周。 And they all lived happily ever after. 从此以后他们都过着幸福的生活。 adjective [only before noun] (old use) following; later 后来的;以后的: in after years 在以后的岁月中 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] after1 /ˈɑːftə $ ˈæftər/ ●●● S1 W1 preposition , conjunction , adverb 1  when a particular event or time has happened, or when someone has done something 〔时间上〕在…后 OPP before After the war many soldiers stayed in France. 战后,许多士兵留在法国。 I go swimming every day after work. 我每天下班后都去游泳。 Do you believe in life after death? 你相信人死后还有来生吗? The first attack started just after midnight. 刚过午夜,第一波进攻开始了。 David went to bed straight after (=immediately after) supper. 戴维一吃完晚饭就去睡觉了。 After you’d called the police, what did you do? 报警之后,你做了些什么? Zimmerman changed his name after he left Germany. 齐默尔曼离开德国后改了名字。 People still remember the 1958 revolution and what came after (=happened after it). 人们依然记得1958年的那场革命和之后发生的事。 after doing something After leaving school, Mackay worked in a restaurant for a year. 中学毕业后,麦凯在一家餐厅工作了一年。 two days/three weeks etc after (something) Ten years after he bought the painting, Carswell discovered that it was a fake. 卡斯韦尔买下那幅画十年后发现它是赝品。 the day/week/year etc after (something) (=the next day, week etc) (某事)发生后的第二天/周/年等 His car was outside your house the morning after Bob’s engagement party. 鲍勃订婚宴会的第二天早上,他的车停在你家门外。 I’ll see you again tomorrow or the day after. 明天或后天我会再来看你。 She retired from politics the year after she received the Nobel Prize. 她获得诺贝尔奖的第二年退出了政坛。 soon/not long/shortly after (something) Not long after the wedding, his wife became ill. 婚后不久,他的妻子就病了。 The family moved to Hardingham in June 1983, and Sarah’s first child was born soon after. 1983年6月,全家人移居哈丁厄姆,不久萨拉的第一个孩子出生了。 2  when a particular amount of time has passed 〔一段时间〕以后 OPP before After ten minutes remove the cake from the oven. 十分钟后,把蛋糕从烤炉中取出。 You’ll get used to it after a while. 过一阵子你就会习惯的。 After months of negotiation, an agreement was finally reached. 经过数月谈判,终于达成了一项协议。 3  following someone or something else in a list or a piece of writing, or in order of importance 〔在清单或一段文字中,或指主次顺序〕在…之后 Whose name is after yours on the list? 名单上谁的名字排在你后面? The date should be written after the address. 日期应写在地址之后。 After football, tennis is my favourite sport. 除了足球,网球是我最喜爱的体育活动。 The UK is the world’s third largest arms producer, after the USA and Russia. 英国是世界第三大武器生产国,位列美国和俄罗斯之后。 4  American English used when telling the time to say how many minutes have passed since a particular hour 〔整点〕过〔几分〕 SYN British English past 5  day after day/year after year etc continuously for a very long time 日复一日/年复一年等 6 7  when someone has left a place or has finished doing something 在〔某人离开某地或做完某事〕后 8  because of something that happened earlier 由于;既然 9  in spite of something that was done in the past 尽管,虽然 10  when you have passed a particular place or travelled a certain distance along a road 过〔某地或某段路〕以后 11  be after somebody/something 12  one after another/one after the other if a series of events or actions happen one after another, each one happens soon after the previous one 一个接一个 13  after all 14  especially British English used to say who or what first had the name that someone or something has been given 以…命名 15  formal in the same style as a particular painter, musician etc 具有…的风格,模仿 16 → a man/woman after my own heart at heart1(22), → take after at take1 THESAURUS after2 adjective [only before noun] 1. in after years literary in the years after the time that has been mentioned 在后来的年月里 2. technical in the back part of a boat or an aircraft 〔船或飞机〕后部的 after- /ɑːftə $ æftər/ prefix coming or happening afterwards 在…以后(的) OPP pre- an after-dinner speech 餐后演说 after-school activities 课外活动 Origin after1 Old English æfter [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] after ★★★★★ In addition to the uses shown below, after is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘ask after’, ‘look after’, and ‘take after’. 除下列用法外,after还可用于ask after,look after, take after等短语动词中。 1.PREP 介词在(时间、事件)以后 If something happens after a particular date or event, it happens during the period of time that follows that date or event. After 19 May, strikes were occurring on a daily basis... 5月19日之后,每天都会发生罢工。 After breakfast Amy ordered a taxi... 早饭后,埃米预订了一辆出租车。 It wasn't until after Christmas that I met Paul. 直到圣诞节之后我才见到保罗。 After is also a conjunction. After Don told me this, he spoke of his mother... 唐告诉我这件事后,就谈起了他的母亲。 Marina cared for him after he seriously injured his eye several years ago. 自从几年前他眼睛严重受伤之后,玛丽娜就一直照顾他。 2.PREP 介词…之后(指做事的先后顺序) If you do one thing after doing another, you do it during the period of time that follows the other thing. 【搭配模式】:PREP -ing After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope provided. 填完表格并签名后,请装进所提供的信封里寄还给我们。 ...women who have changed their mind after deciding not to have children... 决定不生孩子后又改变主意的女性 After flying from Los Angeles to London, allow four full days to adjust. 从洛杉矶飞往伦敦之后,留出4整天时间适应环境。 3.PREP 介词(时间)在…后 You use after when you are talking about time. For example, if something is going to happen during the day after or the weekend after a particular time, it is going to happen during the following day or during the following weekend. 【搭配模式】:n PREP n 【搭配模式】:ADV after v She's leaving the day after tomorrow. 她打算后天离开。 ...the party's annual conference, to be held the week after next. 将在下下周举行的该党的年会 After is also an adverb. Tomorrow. Or the day after. 明天。或者是后天。 4.PREP 介词随…之后;跟在…之后 If you go after someone, you follow or chase them. He walked out, and Louise went after him. 他走了出去,路易丝也跟着出去了。 ...people who were after him for large amounts of money. 为了大笔钱而追随他的人们 5.PREP 介词追求;搜寻 If you are after something, you are trying to get it. They were after the money... 他们想得到这笔钱。 I did eventually find what I was after. 我最终找到了我想要的东西。 6.PREP 介词朝着(正离去之人喊叫或注视) If you call, shout, or stare after someone, you call, shout, or stare at them as they move away from you. 'Come back!' he called after me... “回来!”他朝我喊道。 Claire stared after him until he disappeared around a corner. 克莱尔一直注视着他,直到他消失在拐角。 7.PREP 介词为,替(某人做某事) If you do something after someone, you do it for them, because they cannot or will not do it for themselves. She used to mess up the floor and I had to clean up after her. 她过去常常把地板弄得很脏乱,而我不得不为她清理干净。 8.PREP 介词过了(某地)以后 If you tell someone that one place is a particular distance after another, you mean that it is situated beyond the other place and further away from you. A few kilometres after the village, turn right to Montelabate. 过了村庄之后再前行几公里,向右转前往蒙特拉贝特。 9.PREP 介词(写)在…后面(或下面) If one thing is written after another thing on a page, it is written following it or underneath it. I wrote my name after Penny's. 我把自己的名字写在彭尼的下面。 10.PREP 介词(重要性)仅次于,低于 You use after in order to give the most important aspect of something when comparing it with another aspect. After Germany, America is Britain's second-biggest customer... 对于英国来说,美国是仅次于德国的第二大客户。 Methane is often regarded as the second most important greenhouse gas after carbon dioxide. 甲烷常被认为是仅次于二氧化碳的重要温室气体。 11.PREP 介词依照,按照(某人的名字命名) To be named after someone means to be given the same name as them. 【语域标签】:BRIT 英 Phillimore Island is named after Sir Robert Phillimore... 菲利莫尔岛以罗伯特·菲利莫尔爵士的名字命名。 He persuaded Virginia to name the baby after him. 他说服弗吉尼娅以他的名字为婴儿取名。 in AM, use 美国英语用 for 12.CONVENTION 惯用语(走路或出入门口时的礼貌用语)您先请 If you say 'after you' to someone, you are being polite and allowing them to go in front of you or through a doorway before you do. 【语用信息】:politeness 'After you.' — 'Not at all, Mr Bird, after you.' “您先请。”——“别客气,伯德先生,您先请。” 13.PREP 介词(…点)过(…分) After is used when telling the time. If it is, for example, ten after six, the time is ten minutes past six. 【语域标签】:AM 美 14. after all→see: all; Usage Note : You use after, afterwards, and later to talk about things that happen following the time when you are speaking, or following a particular event. Expressions such as 'not long' and 'shortly' can also be used with after. After dinner she spoke to him... I returned to England after visiting India... Shortly after, she called me. Afterwards can be used when you do not need to mention the particular time or event. Afterwards we went to a night club. You can also use words such as 'soon' and 'shortly' with afterwards. Soon afterwards, he came to the clinic. You can use later to refer to a time or situation that follows the time when you are speaking. I'll go and see her later. 'A little', 'much', and 'not much' can also be used with later. A little later, the lights went out... I learned all this much later. You can use after, afterwards, or later following a phrase that mentions a period of time, in order to say when something happens. five years after his death ... She wrote about it six years afterwards ... Ten minutes later he left the house. after, afterwards和later都用于谈论晚于说话时间或某事之后发生的事情。not long,shortly等表达方式也可与after连用。例如:After dinner she spoke to him(饭后她对他说话了),I returned to England after visiting India(印度之行结束后我回到了英格兰),Shortly after, she called me(之后不久,她给我打了电话)。无需提及具体时间或事件时,可用afterwards:Afterwards we went to a night club(后来我们去了一家夜总会)。afterwards也可与soon,shortly等词连用:Soon afterwards, he came to the clinic(过了不久,他来到了诊所)。later可用于指说话时间之后的时间或情况。例如,I'll go and see her later(我过阵子会去看她)。a little, much和not much也可与later连用。例如,A little later, the lights went out(过了一会儿,灯灭了),I learned all this much later(很久以后我才得知了这一切)。after, afterwards和later可用于表示一段时间的短语后面,指某事发生的时间:five years after his death(他去世5年之后),She wrote about it six years afterwards(6年之后她撰文谈起了此事),Ten minutes later he left the house(10分钟之后他离开了那座房子)。 15.PHRASE 短语一个接一个地;接连地 If you do something to several things one after the other or one after another, you do it to one, then the next, and so on, with no break between your actions. Sybil ate three biscuits, one after the other... 西比尔接连吃了3块饼干。 Caroline was trying on one outfit after another. 卡罗琳一套接一套地试穿衣服。 16.PHRASE 短语日复一日/年复一年 If something happens day after day or year after year, it happens every day or every year, for a long time. I waited for news, day after day, expecting to hear. 我日复一日地等着,期待能听到消息。 ...people who'd been coming here year after year. 年复一年到这里来的人们 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 1 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ adverb : following in time : at a later time以后;后来 Dinner was at six and we arrived shortly after. [=thereafter] 晚餐定在六点。我们是六点过一点儿到的。 He returned 20 years after. [=later] 他20年之后回来了。 Don't tell them until after. 以后再告诉他们。 I expected her then, but she arrived the week after. 我以为她当时要来,可她一周后才到。 He ate lunch and left just/right/immediately after. 他吃完午饭就离开了。 I saw her again the day after. [=the following day] 第二天我又见到她了。 He vowed to love her forever/ever after. [=from that time on, forever] 他发誓今后会永远爱她。 2 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ preposition 1 a : at a time following (something or someone) : later than (something or someone)(时间)在…之后 We arrived shortly after six o'clock. 我们六点过一点儿到的。 He returned after 20 years. 他20年之后回来了。 before, during, and after the war 战前、战争期间和战后 He left just/right/immediately/soon/shortly after nightfall/dark. 天刚擦黑他就离开了。 Night fell, and soon after that [=soon afterward] he left. 夜幕降临之后不久他便离开了。 He finished the exam after me. 他在我之后完成了考试。 I stood up after the judge (did). [=the judge stood up before I (did)] 我在法官起立之后站起身来。 Call me after your arrival. 到了之后给我打电话。 She was going to arrive tomorrow but I'm now expecting her the day after tomorrow instead. 她打算明天到,但是我现在希望她后天来。 She hasn't lived there since (the time) after the war. 战争结束以后她就不在那儿住了。 They earned $30,000 after (paying) taxes. 他们的税后收入是3万美元。 He left after an hour. 一小时之后他离开了。 Let's get going! It's after [=past] 12 (o'clock). 我们出发吧!已经过12点了。 The job got easier after a while. [=after some time had passed] 过段时间这工作就变得容易些了。 b US — used to describe a time following a specified hour用于描述几点钟之后的时间 It's 20 (minutes) after 12. [=it's 20 past 12; it's 12:20] 现在是12:20。 2 a : following and because of (something)鉴于;由于 After all our advice, she's certain to do better. [=she's certain to do better because we have given her our advice] 由于我们给了她这些建议,她一定会做得更好。 b : following and in spite of (something)尽管;虽然 Even after all our advice, she still did badly! [=she did badly even though we gave her our advice] 尽管我们给了她建议,她还是做得很差。 How can you say that after what happened last night? 经过昨晚的事你怎么还能说出那样的话来? 3 a : following (something or someone) in order or in a series(排序)在…之后,继…之后 It's the highest mountain after Mount Everest. 这是仅次于珠穆朗玛峰的最高的山。 You'll see my house just before the bank and after the school. 你会看到我家就在银行的前面学校的后面。 The number 2 comes before 3 and after 1. [=2 comes between 1 and 3] 数字2排在1的后面、3的前面。 My name is listed after yours. 我的名字列在你的名字之后。 You go first and I'll go/follow after you. 你先走,我跟在后面。 The children marched out one after the other in single file. 孩子们排成一列纵队一个接一个地出场。 ◊ The phrase after you is used as a polite way of saying that someone should go ahead of you or do something before you do it.您先请(礼貌用语,请别人先走或先做某事) After you, Madam! 女士,您先请! ◊ In British English, you can say after you with something to ask the person who is using something to let you use it next.在英国英语中,after you with表示请求别人用完某物之后让你用一下。 After you with the pencil, please. [=I would like to use the pencil when you have finished using it] 你用完铅笔之后,请让我用用。 b — used in phrases to describe something that happens many times or for a long period of time一次接着一次;持续不断地 They have suffered misfortune after misfortune. [=they have suffered a long series of misfortunes] 他们的倒霉事儿接连不断。 Wave after [=upon] wave was beating against the shore. 海浪不断地拍打着海岸。 She does her job day after day without complaining. 她日复一日任劳任怨地工作。 He's done the same thing time after time. 同样的事他做了一次又一次。 4 : trying to catch or get (something or someone)追捕;擒获 The dog ran after the ball. [=the dog ran to get the ball] 这条狗跑去叼球。 The police went/chased after the escaped criminal. 警方追捕那名逃犯。 The police are after him. [=are trying to catch him] 警方正在追捕他。 What do you think he's after with all his questions? [=what is he trying to achieve by asking his questions?] 他问了这么多问题,你说他到底想知道什么呢? ◊ If people are after you to do something, they want you to do it and they tell you to do it repeatedly.反复催促(某人做某事) Mom was after me to clean my room. [=Mom repeatedly told me to clean my room] 妈妈一个劲儿地催我收拾房间。 5 : following the actions or departure of (someone)跟随;随后 She called/shouted after him as he walked away. [=she called/shouted at/toward him as he walked away] 他刚走开她就追在身后大喊起来。 They made a mess and didn't clean up after themselves. [=they didn't clean up the mess they made] 他们弄得乱七八糟,没收拾就离开了。 If you make a mess, don't expect me to clean up after you. 如果你弄得乱七八糟,别指望我替你收拾。 6 a : with the name of (someone or something)以…命名;依照 He was called George after his father. 他叫乔治,与其父同名。 She was named after her grandmother. [=she was given the same name as her grandmother] 她以她祖母的名字取名。 The game rugby was named after Rugby School in England, where it began. 橄榄球(rugby)运动是根据英格兰的拉格比学校(Rugby School)命名的,那里是此项运动的发源地。 b : in the manner of (someone or something)仿效,按照…的样式 a building patterned after [=on] a cathedral 仿教堂式建筑 (formal) a story after (the manner of) Hemingway 模仿海明威(创作方式)的小说 7 : in a lower or less important position than (something)低于;次于;亚于 They put quality after quantity. [=they cared more about quantity than about quality] 相对于质量,他们更加关注数量。 8 : about or concerning (someone or something)关于 I met one of your old friends and she was asking/inquiring after you. [=she was asking about you; she was asking how you are] 我碰到了你的一位老朋友,她向我询问你的状况。 She was asking after your health. 她刚才还问你的身体状况呢。 after all 1 : in spite of what was said : even though the opposite was expected不管怎样;终究 They decided to go after all. 他们最终还是决定去。 It didn't rain after all. 结果还是没下雨。 2 — used to emphasize something that needs to be considered毕竟 It's only Tuesday, after all. We have plenty of time. 毕竟才星期二。我们有足够的时间。 You should apologize to her. After all, she is your best friend. 你应该向她道歉。不管怎么说,她是你最好的朋友。 3 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ conjunction : later than the time that : later than when(时间)在…之后 He returned after 20 years had passed. 他20年之后回来了。 The defendant stood up after the judge did. [=the judge stood up before the defendant did] 法官起立后被告随之起立。 Don't tell them until after they've had dinner. 等他们吃完饭再告诉他们。 He left just/right/immediately/soon/shortly after the show ended. 演出刚一结束他就离开了。 Call me after you arrive. 到了之后给我打电话。 He finished the exam after I did. 他在我之后完成了考试。 It happened not long after he graduated from college. 这事发生在他大学毕业后不久。 4 after /ˈæftɚ/ Brit /ˈɑːftə/ adjective always used before a noun old-fashioned + literary : later in time后来的;以后的 in after [=later] years 在以后的岁月里 [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • afternoon

    [ˌɑːftə'nuːn]     美 [ˌæftər'nuːn] n. 下午 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 afternoon 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:56 /ˌɑːftəˈnuːn/ /ˌæftərˈnuːn/ n. afternoons 3 下午,午后 高考真题原句提选: One afternoon I was sitting at my favorite table in a restaurant. In late afternoon I returned to my car. You could spend a couple of hours there comfortably, or even a whole afternoon, watching the wild animals. The book I’m reading talks about afternoon tea in Britain. I went to see Mr. Brown that afternoon. When will the man meet Mr. Stone this afternoon? What has the woman decided to do on Sunday afternoon? All non-credit courses meet from 9:00 a.m.—11:30 a.m. daily and may have additional requirements in the afternoons or evenings. What will the children do in the afternoon? 二、词组|习惯用语 in the afternoon adv. 在下午 good afternoon int. 下午好 tomorrow afternoon 明天下午 every afternoon 每天下午 afternoon tea 下午茶 on sunday afternoon 在星期天下午 afternoon off 下午请假;下午放假 lazy afternoon 闲散午后 of an afternoon [用于修饰经常性动作]往往(或常常)在下午 三、词根记忆词典 afternoon n. 下午,午後A day goes through daybreak, morning, noon, afternoon, evening and midnight.一天經過拂曉,上午,正午,下午,傍晚和午夜. [/su_tab] [su_tab title="牛津" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] after·noon / 7B:ftE5nu:n; NAmE 7AftEr5n- / noun [U, C] the part of the day from 12 midday until about 6 o'clock 下午(中午 12 点至 6 点左右): this / yesterday / tomorrow afternoon 今天/昨天/明天下午 In the afternoon they went shopping. 他们下午去购物了。 She studies art ten afternoons a week. 她每周两个下午学习艺术。 Are you ready for this afternoon's meeting? 今天下午的会议你准备好了没有? The baby always has an afternoon nap. 婴儿午后总要睡一会儿。 Come over on Sunday afternoon. 星期天下午过来。 Where were you on the afternoon of May 21? 5 月 21 日下午你在哪里? ⇨ see also good afternoon   四、辨析 n. (名词)
    afternoon, after noon
    • after与noon这两个词连写和分写在含义上是有区别的:连写时指“下午”,即morning和evening之间这段时间; 而分写时指“正午以后”,着眼于时间的起点,即12点以后。试比较下面两句:
    • What are you going to do this afternoon?
    • 今天下午你们干什么?
    • What are you going to do after noon?
    • 过了中午你们干什么?
    in the afternoon, on the afternoon
    • 这两个短语都表示“在下午”。其区别是:
    • on the afternoon指的是某天的下午或具体的一个下午; in the afternoon指不断重复的下午,使下午具体化了,起强调作用。例如:
    • I was at home on the afternoon of last Monday.
    • 上个星期一的下午我在家。
    • Mostly I slept in the mornings, and in the afternoons, sometimes.
    • 在多数情况下,我都是每天上午睡觉, 有时也下午睡觉。
    in an afternoon, in the afternoon
    • 这两个短语意思不同, in an afternoon指一个下午,而in the afternoon指今天下午。例如:
    • It can be done in an afternoon.
    • 此事一个下午就可完成。
    • It can be done in the afternoon.
    • 此事今天下午就可完成。
    [/su_tab] [su_tab title="朗文" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afternoon1 /ˌɑːftəˈnuːn◂ $ ˌæftər-/ ●●● S1 W2 noun [countable, uncountable] 1  the part of the day after the morning and before the evening 下午,午后 → morning, evening There’s a meeting on Thursday afternoon. 星期四下午有个会议。 It was very hot in the afternoon. 下午很热。 See you tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午见。 Are you going into town this afternoon? 今天下午你进城去吗? We met in the early afternoon. 下午较早的时候我们见了面。 By late afternoon, Micky had changed his mind. 到了傍晚,米基已改变了主意。 He was having his afternoon nap. 他在睡午觉。 2  afternoons during the afternoon every day (每天)下午 She only works afternoons. 她只在下午工作。 afternoon2 interjection British English informal used to greet someone when you meet them in the afternoon 下午好 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="柯林" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afternoon ★★★★☆ 1.N-VAR 可变名词下午;午后 The afternoon is the part of each day which begins at lunchtime and ends at about six o'clock. He's arriving in the afternoon... 他下午会到。 He had stayed in his room all afternoon. 他整个下午都呆在房间里。 ...an afternoon news conference. 午后的新闻发布会 [/su_tab] [su_tab title="韦氏" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] afternoon /ˌæftɚˈnuːn/ Brit /ˌɑːftəˈnuːn/ noun plural afternoons [count] : the middle part of the day : the part of the day between noon and evening下午;午后 morning, afternoon, evening, and night 上午、下午、晚上和夜间 I'll see you again tomorrow afternoon. 明天下午再见。 It was early/late afternoon when I left. 我离开时中午刚过/快到晚上了。 She spent the/her afternoon at the library. 她在图书馆待了一下午。 She came home the next/following afternoon. [=during the afternoon of the next day] 第二天下午她回家了。 I remember the many rainy afternoons I spent reading at the library. 我还记得我在图书馆看书的许多个下雨的午后。 She doesn't have class on Friday afternoons. 每周五下午她都没有课。 It took us all afternoon to get there. 我们花了一下午时间才赶到那儿。 It's going to be a long afternoon listening to lectures. 要听多个讲座,这会是一个漫长的下午。 We went for a walk this afternoon. [=during the afternoon today] 今天下午我们出去散步了。 — often used before another noun常用于另一名词前 an afternoon drive 一次午后开车兜风 afternoon tea 下午茶 Our garden gets plenty of afternoon sun. [=the sun shines on the garden in the afternoon] 我们的花园洒满了午后的阳光。 — see also good afternoon [/su_tab] [/su_tabs]
  • afterward

    同afterwards 英 ['ɑːftəwəd]     美 ['ɑːftəwəd]     adv. 后来;以后 英 ['ɑːftəwəd]     美 ['ɑːftəwəd]     adv. 后来;以后 [su_tabs style="modern-blue"] [su_tab title="考点" disabled="no" anchor="" url="" target="blank" class=""] 一、真题好句 afterw