n. <口> 屁股
behind 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:45
（表示位置）在…后面 & 在后面；向后
I looked left, right and behind me.
He left the book behind in Montreal.
A car pulled up behind me.
from behind 从…后面
drop behind 落…之后；落伍
go behind 进一步斟酌；探究
come from behind 迎头赶上
line up behind 拥护；追随：;使追随；跟随;
在…的背後,(遺留)在..後面;落後於It’s acertained that the certificate is behind the curtain of the stainless steel container.經查實證書在不鏽鋼容器的簾子後面.
1. at or towards the back of sb / sth, and often hidden by it or them
Who’s the girl standing behind Jan?
Stay close behind me.
a small street behind the station
She glanced behind her.
Don’t forget to lock the door behind you (= when you leave).
The sun disappeared behind the clouds.
⇨ compare in front of at front n.
⇨ note at back
2. making less progress than sb / sth
He’s behind the rest of the class in reading.
We’re behind schedule (= late).
3. giving support to or approval of sb / sth
She knew that, whatever she decided, her family was right behind her.
4. responsible for starting or developing sth
What’s behind that happy smile (= what is causing it) ?
He was the man behind the plan to build a new hospital.
5. used to say that sth is in sb’s past
The accident is behind you now, so try to forget it.
She has ten years’ useful experience behind her.
1. at or towards the back of sb / sth; further back
She rode off down the road with the dog running behind.
The others are a long way behind.
He was shot from behind as he ran away.
I had fallen so far behind that it seemed pointless trying to catch up.
2. in the place where sb / sth is or was
I was told to stay behind after school (= remain in school).
This bag was left behind after the class.
3. ~ (with / in sth) late in paying money or completing work
She’s fallen behind with the payments.
He was terribly behind in his work.
(informal) a person’s bottom. People often say ‘behind’ to avoid saying ‘bottom’.
SYN backside :
The dog bit him on his behind.
1 at or towards the back of a thing or person 在[向]…后面
I turned to speak to the person standing behind me.
Someone could easily creep up behind us.
The car behind was hooting impatiently.
Jane shut the door behind her.
The manager was sitting behind a large desk.
close behind/not far behind
He set off down the road with the rest of us following close behind.
Don’t say ‘behind of’: He hid behind a chair (NOT behind of a chair).
不要说 ‘behind of’: He hid behind a chair (不说 behind of a chair). 他躲在一把椅子的后面。
2 not as successful or not having made as much progress as someone or something else 劣于；落后于；低于
Mark’s always behind the rest of his class in mathematics.
This victory lifts Ferguson’s team into fifth place, nine points behind leaders Norwich.
Europe was falling behind in the important field of computer technology.
3 used to say that someone is late in doing what they have to do 〔必须做的事情在时间上〕落后
This work should have been finished yesterday. I’m getting terribly behind.
Victor had fallen behind with his mortgage payments after losing his job.
an important research project that is already two years behind schedule (=not ready at the time planned)
4 used for talking about the hidden reason for something 在…背后〔用于表示某事背后的原因〕
I wonder what’s behind this change of plan.
Perhaps a bitter experience lay behind her anger.
5 supporting a person, idea etc 支持
The workers are very much behind these proposals.
I suppose I’m lucky because my parents were behind me all the way.
6 responsible for a plan, idea etc or for organizing something 对…负责
It was alleged that foreign agents were behind the recent violence.
The Rotary Club is behind the fund-raising for the new hospital.
7 if an unpleasant experience or situation is behind you, it no longer upsets you or affects your life 置于…之后〔指不愉快的事情不再困扰你或影响你的生活〕
Now you can put all these worries behind you.
a chance to start a new life and leave all your troubles behind
8 if you have experience behind you, you have gained valuable skills or important qualities that can be used 〔经验〕为…所拥有
Marjorie is one of the top designers in the business, with years of experience behind her.
9 used when the real facts about a situation or someone’s character are hidden by the way things seem or by the way a person behaves 在…背后，在…表面下〔指现象背后的真实情况，或某人行为后面的真实性格〕
10. if a student stays behind after school or after a lesson, they stay after it has finished 〔学生放学后〕留堂
→ behind somebody’s back at back2(9), → behind bars at bar1(7), → behind the times at time1(38)
behind2 noun [countable] informal the part of your body that you sit on 屁股 SYN bottom
Origin behind1 Old English behindan, from hindan “from behind”
1. PREPOSITION AND ADVERB USES 介词和副词用法
2. NOUN USE 名词用法
In addition to the uses shown below, behind is also used in a few phrasal verbs, such as ‘fall behind’ and ‘lie behind’.
除下列用法外，behind 还可用于 fall behind 和 lie behind 等短语动词中。
1.PREP 介词在…后面 If something is behind a thing or person, it is on the other side of them from you, or nearer their back rather than their front.
I put one of the cushions behind his head…
They were parked behind the truck…
The moon disappeared behind a cloud.
Behind is also an adverb.
Rising into the hills behind are 800 acres of parkland…
She was attacked from behind.
2.PREP 介词跟在…后面 If you are walking or travelling behind someone or something, you are following them.
Keith wandered along behind him…
Myra and Sam and the children were driving behind them.
Behind is also an adverb.
The troopers followed behind, every muscle tensed for the sudden gunfire.
3.PREP 介词在（桌子、柜台、吧台等）的后面 If someone is behind a desk, counter, or bar, they are on the other side of it from where you are.
The colonel was sitting behind a cheap wooden desk…
He could just about see the little man behind the counter.
4.PREP 介词在…身后（随手关上门） When you shut a door or gate behind you, you shut it after you have gone through it.
I walked out and closed the door behind me…
He slammed the gate shut behind him.
5.PREP 介词在（某一局势）背后（或幕后） The people, reason, or events behind a situation are the causes of it or are responsible for it.
It is still not clear who was behind the killing…
He is embarrassed about the motives behind his decision.
6.PREP 介词支持；作为…的后盾 If something or someone is behind you, they support you and help you.
He had the state’s judicial power behind him.
7.PREP 介词在（…的外表）之下 If you refer to what is behind someone’s outside appearance, you are referring to a characteristic which you cannot immediately see or is not obvious, but which you think is there.
What lay behind his anger was really the hurt he felt at Grace’s refusal…
Behind the smiling eyes lurks the evil that led her to murder the two babies in her care.
8.PREP 介词不及；比不上；落后于 If you are behind someone, you are less successful than them, or have done less or advanced less.
She finished second behind the American, Ann Cody, in the 800 metres…
Food production has already fallen behind the population growth.
Behind is also an adverb.
The rapid development of technology means that she is now far behind, and will need retraining…
The accounts are more than three months behind.
9.PREP 介词对…来说成为过去；抛到…的脑后 If an experience is behind you, it happened in your past and will not happen again, or no longer affects you.
Maureen put the nightmare behind her…
He will attempt to put behind him the misery of failing to win a medal in his individual event.
10.PREP 介词有（某种成就） If you have a particular achievement behind you, you have managed to reach this achievement, and other people consider it to be important or valuable.
【搭配模式】：have/with n PREP pron
He has 20 years of loyal service to Barclays Bank behind him…
Birgit was a popular actress with half a decade of filmmaking behind her.
11.PREP 介词落后于；迟于；晚于 If something is behind schedule, it is not as far advanced as people had planned. If someone is behind schedule, they are not progressing as quickly at something as they had planned.
【搭配模式】：oft n PREP n
The work is 22 weeks behind schedule…
We were two months behind schedule, and already over budget.
12.ADV 副词留在原处；留下来 If you stay behind, you remain in a place after other people have gone.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
As women were not permitted in the war zone, Eleanor would have to stay behind…
About 1,200 personnel will remain behind to take care of the air base.
13.ADV 副词丢下；抛下 If you leave something or someone behind, you do not take them with you when you go.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
The rebels fled into the mountains, leaving behind their weapons and supplies…
He came to Saudi Arabia, leaving behind his wife and their three children.
14. to do something behind someone’s back→see: back; behind bars→see: bar; →see: behind the scenes; →see: scene; behind the times→see: time;
1.N-COUNT 可数名词臀部；屁股 Your behind is the part of your body that you sit on.
a : in or toward the back在后面；向后
The older students entered the room first with the younger students following behind.
b : in the place that someone is going away from留在原地
She stayed behind after the other guests left.
They left behind everything they owned when they fled the country.
We had to leave our family, friends, and neighbors behind.
— often used figuratively常用作比喻
She has left her fears and doubts behind. [=she is no longer fearful and doubtful] 她抛开了恐惧和疑虑。
She wanted to leave the past behind. [=forget about the past] 她想忘掉过去。
c : later in time迟；晚
“If Winter comes, can Spring be far behind?”
P. B. Shelley, “Ode to the West Wind” (1820)P.B.雪莱，《西风颂》(1820)
: in a losing position in a race or competition（在比赛中）落后
“How far behind was she?” “At least 50 yards (behind).”
We were ahead in the first half, but now we’re behind.
We were behind by five runs. = We were five runs behind.
a politician who is behind in the polls
She was losing the race but she came from behind and is now in front.
a — used to describe something that is not happening or proceeding as quickly as it should（进程）慢，落在后面
We’re running about five minutes behind [=late] with tonight’s schedule.
b — used to describe someone who is not doing something (such as paying a debt) as quickly as required or expected拖延；拖欠；不按时
He got a bit behind [=late] in/with his payments.
He is behind in (paying) his rent.
2 behind /bɪˈhaɪnd/ preposition
: in or to a place at the back of or to the rear of (someone or something)在…的后面；向…的后面
Look behind you.
He was standing in front of me and she was standing behind [=in back of] me.
The older students entered the room first with the younger students following behind them.
The house is behind some trees. [=there are some trees in front of the house] 房子在几棵树的后面。
The cat hid behind the couch.
The sun went/hid/was behind a cloud.
— see also behind the eight ball at eight ball
: losing to (someone or something) in a race or competition（在比赛中）落后于
“How far behind the other runners was she?” “At least 50 yards (behind them).”
They were ahead of us by 5 points earlier in the game, but now they’re behind us by 7.
The polls show that he is behind the other candidates.
The company is now behind the competition.
: in a less advanced position than (someone or something)低于
He was a year behind me in school. [=he finished school a year after I did] 他在上学时比我低一届。
: not happening or proceeding as quickly as (someone or something)（进程）落后于
He was behind the other students in his studies.
This year’s sales have lagged considerably/significantly behind last year’s sales. [=sales have not been as good this year as they were last year] 今年的销售额远不如去年。
We’re running about five minutes behind schedule. [=late] 按照预定计划，我们迟了五分钟。
a : in the past for (someone or something)已成为…的过去
Those problems are behind us now.
Her best work is behind her. [=her best work was in the past] 她曾创作过上乘之作。
He has many years of experience behind him. [=he has many years of experience in his past] 他有多年的经验。
b : out of the mind or thoughts of (someone)不再想；忘掉
Let’s put our troubles behind us. [=let’s stop thinking/worrying about our troubles] 我们把烦恼抛开吧。
a : providing the reason or explanation for (something)为…提供原因（或解释）
We need to learn more about the conditions behind the strike. [=the conditions that led to the strike] 我们需要了解有关此次罢工的更多原因。
What was really behind his murder? [=what was the real reason for his murder?] 他被谋杀的真正原因是什么？
b : responsible for (something)（对某事）负责，有责任
We’ll get to the bottom of this conspiracy and find out who’s behind it!
a : in support of (someone or something)支持
Despite the controversy, most of his supporters remain solidly behind him.
We’re behind you all the way!
I encourage everyone to get behind these proposals. [=to support these proposals] 我鼓励大家都来支持这些提议。
b : with the support of (something)有…的支持
They won the game 1-0 behind brilliant pitching. [=brilliant pitching made it possible for them to win the game 1-0] 一记绝妙的投球使得他们以1：0赢得了比赛。
— see 1bar
behind the times
— see 1time
3 behind /bɪˈhaɪnd/ noun
plural behinds [count] informal
: the part of the body above the legs that is used for sitting : buttocks屁股
kicked him in the behind
Get your behind over here right now! [=come here right now] 马上过来！