behaviour

behaviour (behavior)
英 [bɪ’heɪvjə]     美 [bɪ’heɪvjə]    
n. 行为;举止;习性;态度

形容词: behavioral 副词: behaviorally

考点牛津朗文柯林韦氏
一、真题好句
behaviour (Am behavior) 高中必修500 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版必修B1U3
/bɪˈheɪvjə(r)/ /bɪˈheɪvjər/
n.
行为,举止;运转状态,性能
高考真题原句提选:
Women tend to be social in their behavior.
Now, many poor New Yorkers know him and understand his behavior.
We are continually picking up meanings from others’ behaviors and we are constantly providing behaviors that have communicative value for them.
If her studies prove the theory, scientists may be able to monitor the behaviour of sharks to predict bad weather.
She calls for a focused programme to teach people about buildings and their own behaviour in them.

二、词组|习惯用语
mechanical behaviour 机械性能,机械特性
good behaviour 品行良好;得体的行为
consumer behaviour 消费行为;消费者行为学
social behaviour 社会行为
animal behaviour 动物行为;动物习性
fire behaviour 防火性能;火灾特性

behaviour
be·hav·iour (BrE) (NAmE be·hav·ior) / bi5heivjE(r) /
noun
1. [U] the way that sb behaves, especially towards other people
行为;举止;态度:
good / bad behaviour
良好/恶劣行为
social / sexual / criminal behaviour
社会/性 / 犯罪行为
His behaviour towards her was becoming more and more aggressive.
他对待她的态度越来越蛮横。
2. [U, C] the way a person, an animal, a plant, a chemical, etc. behaves or functions in a particular situation
(人、动植物、化学药品等的)表现方式,活动方式:
the behaviour of dolphins / chromosomes
海豚/染色体的习性
studying human and animal behaviour
研究人类和动物的行为模式 (technical 术语)
to study learned behaviours
研究习得行为
• be·hav·iour·al (BrE) (NAmE be·hav·ior·al / -jErEl / ) adj.:
children with behavioural difficulties
有行为问题的儿童
behavioural science (= the study of human behaviour)
行为科学
IDIOMS
▪ be on your best be’haviour
to behave in the most polite way you can
尽量表现得体

behaviour British English, behavior American English /bɪˈheɪvjə $ -ər/ ●●● S2 W1 noun [uncountable] 1  the things that a person or animal does 行为,举止
It is important to reward good behaviour.
表现好要给予奖励,这是很重要的。
behaviour towards
She complained of her boss’s inappropriate behavior towards her.
她抱怨说老板对她有不规矩行为。
the effects of alcohol on human behaviour
酒精对人的行为产生的影响
2  be on your best behaviour to behave as well and politely as you can in order to please someone 尽可能好地表现,尽量行为检点
I want you both to be on your best behaviour at Grandad’s.
我希望你们俩在爷爷家里乖乖的。
3  the things that something in science normally does 〔科学上的〕表现方式,活动方式;特点
behaviour of
the behaviour of human chromosomes
人类染色体的特点
—behavioural adjective
behavioural science
行为科学
—behaviourally adverb

behaviour ★★★★☆
in AM, use 美国英语用 behavior
1.N-VAR 可变名词行为;举止 People’s or animals’ behaviour is the way that they behave. You can refer to a typical and repeated way of behaving as a behaviour .

【搭配模式】:with supp
Make sure that good behaviour is rewarded.

确保懿行得到嘉奖。

…human sexual behaviour…

人类性行为

These eating patterns are a learned behavior.

这些进食模式是习得性行为。

2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词(科学领域中的)运动方式,活动方式,性能,特点 In science, the behaviour of something is the way that it behaves.

【搭配模式】:also N in pl
It will be many years before anyone can predict a hurricane’s behavior with much accuracy.

要能够相当准确地预测出飓风的特性尚需多年。

3.PHRASE 短语极力表现;尽量做到举止得体 If someone is on their best behaviour, they are trying very hard to behave well.

【搭配模式】:v-link PHR

behavior (US) noun
or British behaviour /bɪˈheɪvjɚ/
plural behaviors
1
: the way a person or animal acts or behaves行为;举止
[noncount] I’m surprised by her bad behavior toward her friends.
她对待朋友的不良举止让我感到惊讶。
Students will be rewarded for good behavior.
表现优秀的学生会受到奖励。
scientists studying the behavior of elephants
研究大象行为的科学家
normal adolescent behavior
正常的青春期行为
criminal behavior
犯罪行为
an interesting pattern of behavior = an interesting behavior pattern
有趣的行为模式
The children were all on their best behavior [=were all behaving very well and politely] at the museum.
孩子们在博物馆参观时都表现得非常好。
Inmates may be released from prison early for good behavior. [=because they have followed prison rules and have not caused problems] 同狱犯人因为表现好可能提前获释。
[count] An acceptable social behavior in one country may be unacceptable in another country.
在一个国家被认可的社会行为在另一个国家可能不被认可。
Doctors are trying to educate people about behaviors that can put them at increased risk for skin cancer.
医生正尽力让人们了解可能增加皮肤癌患病风险的行为。
2
[noncount] : the way something (such as a machine or substance) moves, functions, or reacts(机器或物质的)活动方式,作用方式,反应方式
The experiment tested the behavior of various metals under heat and pressure.
实验测试了不同金属在高温和高压下的反应方式。
— behavioral (US) or British behavioural /bɪˈheɪvjərəl/ adjective
behavioral problems
行为问题
behavioral patterns
行为模式

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