过去式: began 过去分词: begun 现在分词: beginning 第三人称单数: begins
begin (began begun) 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:27
To begin with, all of us can start reducing the use of oil by driving only when we have a real need.
At what time does your last film begin?
Her job in travel writing began some eight years ago.
That was how Mary Cassatt, born 1844, began her struggle as an artist.
After I finished school, I began to look for work.
Recently, people have begun studying the connection between the natural world and healing（治愈）.
All across the country, recovery centers have begun building Healing Gardens.
Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and softly.
begin with 以…开始；开始于…
begin at 几点开始；从……开始
begin again 重新开始；重做
begin to do 开始做某事
begin as 作为…开始
begin doing 开始做某事
(began,begun)開始,著手At the dawn on the lawn the yawning drowned man began to frown.拂曉時在草坪上,打呵欠的溺水者開始皺眉頭.
(be·gin·ning, began / bi5^An / begun / bi5^Qn / )
1. to start doing sth; to do the first part of sth
▪ [VN] We began work on the project in May.
I began (= started reading) this novel last month and I still haven’t finished it.
He always begins his lessons with a warm-up exercise.
He began his political career as a student (= when he was a student).
▪ [V] Shall I begin?
Let’s begin at page 9.
咱们从第 9 页开始。
She began by thanking us all for coming.
▪ [V to inf] I began to feel dizzy.
At last the guests began to arrive.
She began to cry.
It was beginning to snow.
I was beginning to think you’d never come.
▪ [V -ing] Everyone began talking at once.
When will you begin recruiting?
⇨ note at start
2. [V] to start to happen or exist, especially from a particular time
When does the concert begin?
Work on the new bridge is due to begin in September.
The evening began well.
3. ~ as sth
[V] to be sth first, before becoming sth else
He began as an actor, before starting to direct films.
What began as a minor scuffle turned into a full-scale riot.
4. [V] to have sth as the first part or the point where sth starts
Use ‘an’ before words beginning with a vowel.
‘I’m thinking of a country in Asia.’ ‘What does it begin with (= what is the first letter) ?’
Each chapter begins with a quotation.
Where does Europe end and Asia begin?
The path begins at Livingston village.
5. [V speech] to start speaking
‘Ladies and gentlemen,’ he began, ‘welcome to the Town Hall.’
6. to start or make sth start for the first time
▪ [V] The school began in 1920, with only ten pupils.
这所学校创建于 1920 年,当时只有十名学生。
▪ [VN] He began a new magazine on post-war architecture.
7. [V to inf] not ~ to make no attempt to do sth or have no chance of doing sth
I can’t begin to thank you enough.
He didn’t even begin to understand my problem.
▪ to be’gin with
1. at first
I found it tiring to begin with but I soon got used to it.
We’ll go slowly to begin with.
2. used to introduce the first point you want to make
‘What was it you didn’t like?’ ‘Well, to begin with, our room was far too small.’
⇨ more at charity
1 START DOING STH 开始做某事 [intransitive, transitive] to start doing something 开始；着手
As everybody’s here, let’s begin.
In the third year, students begin the study of classical Chinese.
The president begins talks with the prime minister tonight.
begin to do something
She began to feel a sense of panic.
begin doing something
I began teaching in 1984.
► see thesaurus at start
2 START HAPPENING 开始发生 [intransitive, transitive] if something begins, or you begin something, it starts to happen or exist from a particular time （使）开始〔发生或存在〕
It was the coldest winter since records began.
The meeting begins at 10.30 am.
3 DO FIRST 首先做 [intransitive] if you begin with something or begin by doing something, this is the first thing you do 以…开始
Shall we begin with a prayer?
begin by doing something
I’ll begin by thanking you all for being here tonight.
4 BOOK/WORD ETC 书/单词等 [intransitive] if a book, film, or word begins with something, it starts with a particular event or letter 〔书、电影或单词〕以…开始，以…开头
‘Psychosis’ begins with a P.
5 SPEECH 话语 [intransitive, transitive] to start speaking 开始（说话）
‘Ladies and gentlemen, ’ he began. ‘I am delighted to be here.’
6 to begin with
a) spoken used to introduce the first and most important point you want to make 首先〔用于引出首先想说的、最重要的内容〕
Well, to begin with, he shouldn’t even have been driving my car.
b) used to say that something was already in a particular condition before something else happened 原来
I didn’t break it! It was like that to begin with.
c) during the first part of a process or activity 起初，开始的时候
The kids helped me to begin with, but they soon got bored.
7 can’t begin to understand/imagine etc spoken used to emphasize how difficult something is to understand etc 根本无法理解/想象等
8 begin (something) as something phrasal verb to be a particular thing at the start of your existence, working life etc 〔指生活、工作等〕从…开始，从…做起
Origin begin Old English beginnan
1.VERB 动词开始；着手 To begin to do something means to start doing it.
He stood up and began to move around the room…
The weight loss began to look more serious…
Snow began falling again.
2.V-ERG 及物/不及物动词（使）开始（进行或存在） When something begins or when you begin it, it takes place from a particular time onwards.
The problems began last November…
He has just begun his fourth year in hiding…
The US is prepared to begin talks immediately.
3.VERB 动词从…开始；从…着手；首先做（某事） If you begin with something, or begin by doing something, this is the first thing you do.
【语法信息】：V with n
【语法信息】：V by -ing
【语法信息】：V n prep
Could I begin with a few formalities?
…a businessman who began by selling golf shirts from the boot of his car…
He began his career as a sound editor.
4.VERB 动词开始说；开口说 You use begin to mention the first thing that someone says.
【语法信息】：V with quote
‘Professor Theron,’ he began, ‘I’m very pleased to see you’…
He didn’t know how to begin.
5.VERB 动词起初是；开始是 If one thing began as another, it first existed in the form of the second thing.
【语法信息】：V as n
What began as a local festival has blossomed into an international event.
6.VERB 动词（界限或边缘）起始于 If you say that a thing or place begins somewhere, you are talking about one of its limits or edges.
The fate line begins close to the wrist…
Rue Guynemer begins at the front of the Fitzgerald site.
7.VERB 动词以…开头；首字母为 If a word begins with a particular letter, that is the first letter of that word.
【语法信息】：V with n
The first word begins with an F.
8.VERB 动词无法，难以（解释、理解、想象等） If you say that you cannot begin to imagine, understand, or explain something, you are emphasizing that it is almost impossible to explain, understand, or imagine.
You can’t begin to imagine how much that saddens me.
9.PHRASE 短语最初；刚开始 You use to begin with when you are talking about the first stage of a situation, event, or process.
【搭配模式】：PHR with cl
It was great to begin with but now it’s difficult.
10.PHRASE 短语首先；第一 You use to begin with to introduce the first of several things that you want to say.
【搭配模式】：PHR with cl
‘What do scientists you’ve spoken with think about that?’ — ‘Well, to begin with, they doubt it’s going to work.’
11. charity begins at home→see: charity; begin life→see: life;
Usage Note :
Begin, start, and commence all have a similar meaning, although commence is more formal and is not normally used in conversation. The meeting is ready to begin… He tore the list up and started a fresh one. …an alternative to commencing the process of European integration. Note that begin, start, and commence can all be followed by an -ing form or a noun, but only begin and start can be followed by a ‘to’ infinitive.
begin, start 和 commence 意思相近，但 commence 更为正式，通常不用在日常对话中：The meeting is ready to begin（会议可以开始了），He tore the list up and started a fresh one（他把清单撕碎，开始另列一张），an alternative to commencing the process of European integration（启动欧洲一体化进程的另一种方式）。注意，begin, start 和commence 后都可以接 -ing 形式或名词，但只有 begin 和 start 可以接带 to 的动词不定式。
begins; began /-ˈgæn/ ; /bɪˈgæn/; begun /-ˈgʌn/ ; /bɪˈgʌn/; beginning
a : to do the first part of an action : to start doing something开始；着手；启动
[+ object] They will begin construction on the new school soon.
I got the job and I begin work on Monday!
She’ll begin the lecture at 10.
He plans to begin the project later this week.
They both began their careers at the local newspaper.
The university began accepting applications in November.
I had just begun eating when the phone rang.
She interrupted as soon as I began to speak.
[no object] He began by showing some photographs of his trip. = He began with some photographs of his trip.
Now that I’ve begun, I’ll go on till I finish.
You’ll have to begin again. [=start over] 你得重新开始。
b [+ object] : to start to work on, produce, or give attention to (something)着手做；开始注意
I began the quilt last month.
I began (reading) the book last week.
Schubert began more symphonies than he finished.
c [+ object] : to cause (something) to start使开始；使出现
The chairman began the meeting at noon.
They began [=founded] the state’s first traveling theater troupe.
d [+ object] : to start to have a feeling, thought, etc.开始感到；开始认为 — usually followed by to + verb通常接动词不定式
She began to feel dizzy soon after the accident.
I’m beginning to think the oversight was intentional.
— sometimes + -ing verb
She began feeling dizzy soon after the accident.
: to start to happen, to exist, to be done, etc.开始发生；开始进行
[no object] The meeting began [=started] in the morning and finished/ended at noon.
Construction on the new school will begin soon.
Our problems were just beginning.
When does the play begin?
The rain began around noon.
Let the games begin.
The American Civil War began in 1861 and ended in 1865.
His passion for music began at the age of six when he had his first piano lessons.
[+ object] — followed by to + verb接动词不定式
It’s beginning [=starting] to rain.
The flowers on the trees are beginning to bloom.
[no object] a : to have a particular starting point : to start at a specified place or in a specified way以…为起点；从…开始
“Where does the river begin?” “It begins in the mountains to the north.”
The meeting began on a positive note.
The meeting began with an announcement. [=an announcement was made at the start of the meeting] 这次会议首先发表了一项声明。
The English alphabet begins with A and ends with Z.
Each sentence should begin with a capital.
The season began with our team in last place but finished (up) with us in first place.
Her long career in advertising began at a small firm in Chicago.
Prices for the hotel rooms begin at 85 dollars. [=85 dollars is the lowest price for a hotel room; some rooms cost more than 85 dollars] 这家酒店客房的起价为85美元。
The road begins at the bottom of the hill and ends at the top of the hill.
b : to have a specified quality, identity, job, etc., at the start — + as开始具有（某种品质、身份、职位等）
What began [=started] as a simple idea has become a complicated project.
The town began as a small farming community.
He began as a clerk [=he was a clerk when he started working] and eventually became president of the company.
[+ object] : to start speaking by saying (something)以…作开场白
“Allow me to introduce myself,” he began.
— used in an exaggerated way to say that something is not possible用于夸张地表示某事不可能
I can’t even begin to describe how good the food was. [=the food was very good] 我简直无法形容那种食物有多好吃。
I can’t begin to tell you how grateful I am for all your help. [=I am very grateful for all your help] 对于你的帮助，我不胜感激。
I can hardly begin to thank you for all you’ve done.
to begin with
: as the first thing to be thought about or considered首先；第一
“I don’t think we should buy the car.” “Why not?” “To begin with, I’m not sure we can afford it.”
: at the start : before the current time or situation起初；原先；开始的时候
She has lost a lot of weight, and she wasn’t very heavy to begin with.
She didn’t like her job to begin with, [=at first, initially] but she got used to it eventually.