battery 高中必修500&[话题]2010年山东卷阅读理解D篇 全国卷频次:5 教材出处:译林版必修B3U3
n. batteries 2
I’d left the lights on all day, and the battery was dead.
Due in part to old, inefficient batteries, Helios finished fourth—out of four—in its kind, the sun-powered class.
battery of 一组；一套
storage battery 蓄电池；蓄电池组
lithium battery 锂电池；锂蓄电池
battery charger 电池充电器
in battery (炮)准备发射的状态
lithium ion battery 锂离子电池
lead-acid battery 铅酸蓄电池
battery pack 电池组
rechargeable battery 可充电电池
solar battery 太阳能电池
battery charging 电池充电；蓄电池室充电
car battery 汽车电池；车用蓄电池
battery capacity 电池容量；蓄电池容量
battery voltage 电池组电压
secondary battery 二次电池；蓄电池
lead acid battery 铅酸蓄电池；铅酸电池；密封蓄电池
battery charge 电池充电器；蓄电池充电
dry battery 干电池
alkaline battery 碱性电池
battery separator 电池隔板；蓄电池隔板
電池(組);(器具等的)一組,一套;炮兵連The pattern of the battery doesn’t matter to the battle against the little brittle cattle.電池的式樣對與脆小牛作戰無關要緊.
1. [C] a device that is placed inside a car engine, clock, radio, etc. and that produces the electricity that makes it work
to replace the batteries
a rechargeable battery
battery-powered / -operated
a car battery
The battery is flat (= it is no longer producing electricity).
2. [C] ~ (of sth) a large number of things or people of the same type
He faced a battery of questions.
a battery of reporters
3. [C] (technical 术语) a number of large guns that are used together
4. [C] (BrE) (often used as an adjective 常用作形容词) a number of small cages that are joined together and are used for keeping chickens, etc. in on a farm
a battery hen
⇨ compare free-range
5. [U] (law 律) the crime of attacking sb physically
⇨ see also assault and battery
⇨ see recharge
1 batteries.jpgELECTRICITY 电 [countable] an object that provides a supply of electricity for something such as a radio, car, or toy 电池
You have to take the top off to change the batteries.
When the red light comes on, you should recharge the battery.
The car’s got a flat battery.
a battery-operated hairdryer
→ See picture of 见图 ELECTRICS
2 a battery of something a group of many things of the same type 〔同类事物的〕一排，一组，一连串
a battery of medical tests
3 FARM 农场 [countable] British English a row of small cages in which chickens are kept, so that the farm can produce large numbers of eggs 层架式鸡笼
4 GUNS 枪炮 [countable] several large guns used together 炮组，排炮
an anti-aircraft battery
5 CRIME 罪行 [uncountable] law the crime of hitting someone 殴打罪
He was charged with assault and battery.
→ assault and battery
6 recharge your batteries informal to rest or relax in order to get back your energy 休息[放松]以恢复精力
A week in the mountains should recharge my batteries.
Origin battery 1. (1500-1600) Old French baterie, from batre “to hit”; 2. from the idea of hitting with gunfire; 3. from the idea of a group of electricity-producing cells joined together
1.N-COUNT 可数名词电池 Batteries are small devices that provide the power for electrical items such as radios and children’s toys.
The shavers come complete with batteries.
…a battery-operated cassette player.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词（汽车）电瓶，蓄电池 A car battery is a rectangular box containing acid that is found in a car engine. It provides the electricity needed to start the car.
…a car with a flat battery.
3.N-COUNT 可数名词（设备的）一排，一套 A battery of equipment such as guns, lights, or computers is a large set of it kept together in one place.
【搭配模式】：usu N of n
They stopped beside a battery of abandoned guns.
…batteries of spotlights set up on rooftops.
4.N-COUNT 可数名词（物品的）一组，一系列；（人的）一群 A battery of people or things is a very large number of them.
【搭配模式】：N of n
…a battery of journalists and television cameras…
Crack is part of a battery of drugs used by addicts.
5.N-COUNT 可数名词一系列（测试、检查等） A battery of tests is a set of tests that is used to assess a number of different aspects of something, such as your health.
We give a battery of tests to each patient.
6.ADJ 形容词（养鸡场）层架式的 Battery farming is a system of breeding chickens and hens in which large numbers of them are kept in small cages, and used for their meat and eggs.
…battery hens being raised in dark, cramped conditions.
7.See also:assault and battery; to recharge your batteries→see: recharge;
[count] : a device that is placed inside a machine (such as a clock, toy, or car) to supply it with electricity电池；蓄电池
I bought new batteries for the flashlights.
a car battery
a dead battery = (Brit) a flat battery [=a battery that has no more electricity] 没电的电池
— see picture at car
[count] : a usually large group of similar people, things, or ideas that work together, are used together, etc.一群；一批；一系列
a battery of tests
The operation was performed by a battery of doctors.
[count] : a group of two or more big guns used by the military炮组；排炮
an artillery battery
[noncount] law : the crime of hitting or touching someone in a way that is meant to cause harm or injury殴打罪
He was found guilty of battery.
— see also assault and battery
[count] baseball : the pitcher and catcher on a particular team（棒球队的）投手和接球手
recharge your batteries
— see recharge
2 battery /ˈbætəri/ adjective
always used before a noun British
: relating to or produced by a type of farming in which animals (such as chickens) are kept in small cages笼养的；层架式养殖的
a battery farm
battery chickens versus free-range chickens