vt. 禁止；阻挠；闩上；在 … 设栅栏
过去式: barred 过去分词: barred 现在分词: barring 第三人称单数: bars
bar 高中必修500 全国卷频次:10 教材出处:译林版必修B3U2
Our bar is open from 7:00pm for drinks and snacks.
The shop had a coffee bar and it offered gifts to mystery lovers.
He began experimenting with chocolate and managed to sell his first chocolate bars in 1900.
at the bar 在酒吧；受到公开审问
bar code 条形码；电脑条码
steel bar 钢筋；棒材；型钢；条钢
behind bars 在监狱服刑
status bar 状态栏
internet bar 网吧
reinforcing bar 钢筋
menu bar n. [计]菜单栏
bar none 没有例外地;毫无例外地;
progress bar 进度条；进度指示器
title bar 标题栏
coffee bar 咖啡馆
reinforcing steel bar 增强钢筋
iron bar 铁条；铁锭
snack bar 小吃店；快餐柜
scroll bar [计]滚动条
chocolate bar 巧克力棒；巧克力条
oxygen bar 氧气吧
round bar 圆条；圆钢筋
bar association 律师协会
條,杆,閂;酒吧;柵,障礙(物)v.閂上,阻攔In the bar the barber bargained for a jar of jam, then got over the barrier of barrels.在酒巴裏理發師為一罐果醬講了價然後越過桶作的屏障.
FOR DRINKS / FOOD 饮食
1. [C] a place where you can buy and drink alcoholic and other drinks
We met at a bar called the Flamingo.
the island’s only licensed bar (= six that is allowed to sell alcoholic drinks)
a cocktail bar
(BrE) I found David in the bar of the Red Lion (= a room in a pub where drinks are served).
⇨ see also barroom , lounge bar , minibar , public bar , saloon bar at saloon
2. [C] a long wide wooden surface where drinks, etc. are served
She was sitting at the bar.
It was so crowded I couldn’t get to the bar.
3. [C] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a place in which a particular kind of food or drink is the main thing that is served
a sandwich bar
a coffee bar
⇨ see also oxygen bar , snack bar , wine bar
OF CHOCOLATE / SOAP 巧克力；肥皂
4. [C] a piece of sth with straight sides
a bar of chocolate / soap
OF METAL / WOOD 金属；木材
5. [C] a long straight piece of metal or wood. Bars are often used to stop sb from getting through a space.
He smashed the window with an iron bar.
All the ground floor windows were fitted with bars.
a five-bar gate (= six made with nine horizontal bars of wood)
⇨ see also bull bars , roll bar , space bar , tow bar
IN ELECTRIC FIRE 电热炉
6. [C] a piece of metal with wire wrapped around it that becomes red and hot when electricity is passed through it
IN SPORTS 体育运动
7. the bar [sing.] the crossbar of a goal
His shot hit the bar.
OF COLOUR / LIGHT 颜色；光
8. [C] a band of colour or light
Bars of sunlight slanted down from the tall narrow windows.
THAT PREVENTS STH 障碍
9. [C, usually sing.] ~ (to sth) a thing that stops sb from doing sth
At that time being a woman was a bar to promotion in most professions.
⇨ see also colour bar
IN MUSIC 音乐
10. (BrE) (NAmE meas·ure) [C] one of the short sections of equal length that a piece of music is divided into, and the notes that are in it
four beats to the bar
the opening bars of a piece of music
11. the Bar [sing.] (BrE) the profession of barrister (= a lawyer in a higher court)
to be called to the Bar (= allowed to work as a qualified barrister )
12. the Bar [sing.] (NAmE) the profession of any kind of lawyer
13. a unit for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere, equal to a hundred thousand newtons per square metre
巴(气压单位,等于 100 000 牛顿/平方米)
⇨ see also millibar
▪ not have a ‘bar of sth
to have nothing to do with sth
If he tries to sell you his car, don’t have a bar of it.
▪ be7hind ‘bars (informal) in prison
The murderer is now safely behind bars.
▪ [VN] CLOSE WITH BARS 用铁条等封住
1. [usually passive] to close sth with a bar or bars
All the doors and windows were barred.
2. to block a road, path, etc. so that nobody can pass
Two police officers were barring her exit.
We found our way barred by rocks.
3. ~ sb (from sth / from doing sth) to ban or prevent sb from doing sth
The players are barred from drinking alcohol the night before a match.
⇨ more at hold n.
except for sb / sth
The students all attended, bar ten who were ill.
It’s the best result we’ve ever had, bar none (= none was better).
⇨ more at shouting
1 PLACE TO DRINK IN 饮酒场所
a) a place where alcoholic drinks are served 酒吧 → pub
The hotel has a licensed bar.
a cocktail bar
b) British English one of the rooms inside a pub 〔酒馆里的〕酒吧间
The public bar was crowded.
→ See picture of wrapper 包装纸, a bar of chocolate 一条巧克力, a bar of soap 一块肥皂 … → See picture on 见图 Page A11 Where to stay 住的地方
2 PLACE TO BUY DRINK 买酒的地方 a counter where alcoholic drinks are served 售酒柜台，吧台
They stood at the bar.
3. a wine/coffee/snack etc bar a place where a particular kind of food or drink is served 酒吧/咖啡馆/小吃店等
4. a breakfast bar British English a place in your kitchen at home where you eat breakfast or a quick meal 〔家庭厨房里的〕早餐台
5 BLOCK SHAPE 长条形 a small block of solid material that is longer than it is wide 块，条，棒，根
a chocolate bar
a candy bar
a bar of soap
→ see picture at 见图 piece1
6 PIECE OF METAL/WOOD 金属/木头 a length of metal or wood put across a door, window etc to keep it shut or to prevent people going in or out 〔门、窗等的〕闩；铁栅；横木；阻碍物
houses with bars across the windows
► see thesaurus at piece
7 behind bars informal in prison 在狱中，在牢里
Her killer was finally put behind bars.
8 MUSIC 音乐 a group of notes and rests, separated from other groups by vertical lines, into which a line of written music is divided 〔乐曲中的〕小节
a few bars of the song
9 bar to (doing) something written something that prevents you from achieving something that you want （做）某事的障碍
I could see no bar to our happiness.
10 the bar
a) British English the group of people who are barristers 〔有资格出庭处理诉讼案件的〕讼务律师，大律师〔总称〕
b) American English an organization consisting of lawyers 律师界，律师组织
11 be called to the bar
a) British English to become a barrister 取得大律师资格，成为大律师
b) American English to become a lawyer 取得律师资格，成为律师
12 ON COMPUTER SCREEN 计算机屏幕上 a long narrow shape along the sides or at the top of a computer screen, usually containing signs that you can click on 〔计算机屏幕侧边或顶部可点击的〕功能条
the main menu bar at the top of the screen
→ scroll bar
13 IN SPORTS 体育运动中 the long piece of wood or metal across the top of the goal in sports such as football 球门横木[横梁] The ball hit the bar.
14. PILE OF SAND/STONES 沙堆/石堆 a long pile of sand or stones under the water at the entrance to a harbour 〔港口入口处的〕沙洲，暗礁
15. COLOUR/LIGHT 颜色/光 a narrow band of colour or light 线条，条纹，带
16. UNIFORMS 制服 a narrow band of metal or cloth worn on a military uniform to show rank 〔军服上的〕军阶杠，绶带
17. ldoce_017.pngHEATER 加热器 British English the part of an electric heater that provides heat and has a red light 〔电暖气的〕电热丝[棒] bar2 ●○○ verb (barred, barring) [transitive] 1 to officially prevent someone from entering a place or from doing something 阻止，禁止
2 to prevent people from going somewhere by placing something in their way 阻挡，阻拦
3. (also bar up) to shut a door or window using a bar or piece of wood so that people cannot get in or out 〔用铁条、木条等〕封，堵〔门、窗〕
1 except 除了…以外
2 bar none used to emphasize that someone is the best of a particular group 无人可比〔用于强调〕→ barring
the BarBar, the noun
4. be called to the Bar British English to become a barrister 取得大律师资格，成为大律师
Origin bar1 (1100-1200) Old French barre
1.N-COUNT 可数名词酒吧 A bar is a place where you can buy and drink alcoholic drinks.
【语域标签】：mainly AM 主美
…Devil’s Herd, the city’s most popular country-western bar.
…the Brass Nickel Bar.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词酒吧间 A bar is a room in a pub or hotel where alcoholic drinks are served.
I’ll see you in the bar later…
On the ship there are video lounges, a bar and a small duty-free shop.
3.N-COUNT 可数名词See also:coffee bar;public bar;singles bar;snack bar;wine bar;吧台；售酒柜台 A bar is a counter on which alcoholic drinks are served.
Michael was standing alone by the bar when Brian rejoined him…
He leaned forward across the bar.
Usage Note :
A bar is a place where you can buy alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks. It can be part of a larger building such as a hotel, nightclub, or theatre, or it can be a separate building. A pub is a building where you can buy alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks, especially in Britain and Ireland rather than in America. Pubs usually have two or more bars. Both pubs and bars have a counter where drinks are served and this is also called a bar. See also note at café.
4.N-COUNT 可数名词金属条；金属棒 A bar is a long, straight, stiff piece of metal.
…a brick building with bars across the ground floor windows.
…a crowd throwing stones and iron bars.
5.PHRASE 短语在狱中；被囚禁 If you say that someone is behind bars, you mean that they are in prison.
【搭配模式】：PHR after v
Fisher was behind bars last night, charged with attempted murder…
Nearly 5,000 people a year are put behind bars over motoring penalties.
6.N-COUNT 可数名词条；棒；长块 A bar of something is a piece of it which is roughly rectangular.
What is your favourite chocolate bar?
…a bar of soap.
7.N-COUNT 可数名词（电热炉的）电热棒，电热片 A bar of an electric fire is a piece of metal with wire wound round it that glows and provides heat when the fire is switched on.
【搭配模式】：usu with supp
…a two-bar electric fire with a frayed flex.
8.VERB 动词（用木条，铁条等）闩（门等） If you bar a door, you place something in front of it or a piece of wood or metal across it in order to prevent it from being opened.
For added safety, bar the door to the kitchen.
The windows were closed and shuttered, the door was barred.
9.VERB 动词阻拦；阻挡 If you bar someone’s way, you prevent them from going somewhere or entering a place, by blocking their path.
Harry moved to bar his way…
He stepped in front of her, barring her way.
10.VERB 动词禁止；不准 If someone is barred from a place or from doing something, they are officially forbidden to go there or to do it.
【语法信息】：be V-ed from n
【语法信息】：be V-ed to n
Amnesty workers have been barred from Sri Lanka since 1982…
Many jobs were barred to them.
11.N-COUNT 可数名词障碍；阻碍；妨碍 If something is a bar to doing a particular thing, it prevents someone from doing it.
【搭配模式】：usu N to n/-ing
One of the fundamental bars to communication is the lack of a universally spoken, common language…
In industry after industry, government bodies have erected bars to competition.
12.PHRASE 短语不受任何规则约束；不限任何方式方法；不择手段 If you say that there are no holds barred when people are fighting or competing for something, you mean that they are no longer following any rules in their efforts to win.
It is a war with no holds barred and we must prepare to resist…
When she’d get angry it was no holds barred.
13.PREP 介词See also:barring;除了…以外 You can use bar when you mean ‘except’. For example, all the work bar the washing means all the work except the washing.
Bar a plateau in 1989, there has been a rise in inflation ever since the mid-1980’s…
The aim of the service was to offer everything the independent investor wanted, bar advice.
He is simply the best goalscorer we have ever had, bar none.
14.N-PROPER 专有名词（英格兰有资格在任何法庭作辩护的）出庭律师职业；（美国的）律师职业，律师界 The Bar is used to refer to the profession of a barrister in England, or of any kind of lawyer in the United States.
Robert was planning to read for the Bar.
15.N-COUNT 可数名词（乐曲中的）小节 In music, a bar is one of the several short parts of the same length into which a piece of music is divided.
【语域标签】：mainly BRIT 主英
in AM, use 美国英语用 measure
[count] a : a building or room where alcoholic drinks and sometimes food are served酒吧
We went to a bar for a drink.
— see also sports bar, tiki bar
b : a counter where alcoholic drinks are served售酒的柜台；吧台
We sat at the restaurant’s bar while we were waiting for a table.
— see also cash bar, open bar, wet bar
c : a building or room where a particular food or drink is served（专售某一种食物或饮料的）…吧，…店，…馆
a seafood bar
a juice/coffee bar
— see also salad bar, snack bar
[count] : a straight piece of metal, wood, etc., that is used as a tool, as part of a structure, or to keep people from entering or leaving through a door or window（木、金属等）条
There were bars across all the windows.
The door was secured with an iron bar.
The pole-vaulter narrowly cleared the bar. [=the long bar that is set at a specific height and that a jumper tries to go over] 撑竿跳选手擦身越过了横杆。
◊ In U.S. English, bar is used figuratively in phrases like raise/lower the bar and set the bar higher/lower to refer to changing the standard that is used to judge whether someone or something is good, successful, etc.（在美国英语中用作比喻）提高/降低标准，设定较高/较低标准
The company’s new software raises the bar for its competitors. [=the company’s new software is very good and its competitors will have to produce better software to compete with it] 公司推出的新软件提高了对手与其竞争的难度。
Critics say that he has lowered the bar on what is considered acceptable behavior by politicians. [=he has caused people to accept worse behavior by politicians] 批评家们认为他降低了可接受的政治家的行为标准。
— see also crossbar, crowbar, parallel bars, uneven bars
[count] : a solid piece of something that is shaped like a rectangle（长方形的）块，条
She bought a chocolate/candy bar.
a bar of soap
[count] : a straight line, stripe, or section that is longer than it is wide线条；条纹；带
The bird’s tail has an alternating series of white and black bars. [=bands] 这只鸟的尾巴上有黑白相间的条纹。
a menu bar [=a narrow section that is across the screen in a computer program and that shows the names of available menus] （计算机程序中的）菜单条
— see also bar code, bar graph, task bar, toolbar
[count] formal : something that makes it difficult or impossible to do or achieve something障碍；羁绊；限制— + to
His poor attitude was a bar to his success. [=his poor attitude prevented him from succeeding] 他不认真的态度是他成功的障碍。
a US : the profession of a lawyer律师职业；律师界
She is a member of the bar. [=she is a lawyer] 她是一名律师。
the American Bar Association
She has been called to the bar. [=she has become a lawyer] 她当上了律师。
b British or the Bar : the profession of a barrister大律师职业
c US : the test that a person must pass in order to be a lawyer律师资格考试
She passed the bar on her first try.
the bar exam/examination
a : a line in written music that shows where a measure begins小节线
b : the beats between two bars in a piece of music节拍
I’m not sure I know that song. Can you hum a few bars? [=measures] 我好像没听过这首歌。你能哼几个节拍吗？
: in jail在狱中
He has been behind bars for 10 years.
tend bar US
: to work as a bartender : to prepare and serve drinks at a bar做酒吧侍者；在酒吧做酒保
He tends bar at the restaurant.
2 bar /ˈbɑɚ/ verb
bars; barred; barring [+ object] 1
: to put a bar or a set of bars in front of a door, window, etc., so that people cannot go in or out of it设置栅栏；闩（门、窗等）
He barred the door as soon as he got in.
All the windows and doors were barred.
a barred window
: to put something in a road, path, etc., so that people cannot get by阻塞，封锁（道路）
A herd of goats was barring the road.
obstacles barring our way
a : to prevent or forbid (someone) from doing something阻止，禁止（某人做某事）
Nothing barred them from meeting together.
The judge will bar the jurors from talking to reporters.
A federal court has barred the group from using the name.
Reporters were barred [=excluded] from the meeting. [=reporters were not allowed to go to the meeting] 记者不得进入会场。
b : to prevent or forbid (something)禁止（某事）
The decision bars the possibility of additional development in the area.
forms of punishment barred by the Constitution
no holds barred
— see 2hold
3 bar /ˈbɑɚ/ preposition
— used in the phrase bar none to emphasize that a statement is completely true没有例外地；千真万确地
She is the brightest student I’ve ever known, bar none. [=I have never known a student who is brighter than she is] 她是我所认识的最聪明的学生，无人可比。
British : except for : barring除…以外，不包括
They have lost every match, bar one.