比较级: worse 最高级: worst 名词: badness
bad 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:62
坏的，拙于；有害的，不利的；严重的 & 坏的东西或情形
Keep your pets inside as much as you can when the weather is bad.
Arriving late, he explained that traffic had been bad.
I were flying in bad weather.
That’s not a bad idea.
She has been the one teaching me all my life: to cook and sew: to enjoy the good times and put up with the bad.
However, we all witness that preschool children are remarkably bad at hiding. (2022全国乙卷)
in bad 倒霉；失宠
bad news n. 坏消息；令人讨厌的人；倒霉的事
bad weather 恶劣的天气
bad at 不善于
to the bad ◎亏损；负债，欠账；吃亏;◎处于不利的情况下;◎趋于毁坏;
bad luck 运气不好，坏运气；噩运
bad thing 坏东西，坏事
bad habit 坏习惯
go bad 变酸；开始腐坏
bad mood 坏心情，坏情绪
bad influence 坏影响
feel bad 不舒服；为…感到难过
be bad for 对…不利；对…有害
bad behavior 坏行为
bad cold 重感冒；重伤风
bad temper 坏脾气；暴躁
bad situation 糟糕的局面，处于劣势
not so bad 并不坏；还凑合
in a bad way 病情严重
in a bad mood 心情不好；处在不好的情绪中
壞的;低劣的;不舒服的;腐敗的;嚴重的I feel bad about the mistake.我對這個錯誤感到抱歉.
(worse / wE:s; NAmE wE:rs / worst / wE:st; NAmE wE:rst / )
1. unpleasant; full of problems
bad news / weather / dreams / habits
I’m having a really bad day.
It was the worst experience of her life.
Smoking gives you bad breath.
Things are bad enough without our own guns shelling us.
POOR QUALITY 劣质
2. of poor quality; below an acceptable standard
bad conditions / driving
a bad copy / diet
I thought it was a very bad article.
This isn’t as bad as I thought.
That’s not a bad idea.
NOT GOOD AT STH 不擅长
3. ~ at sth / at doing sth (of a person 人) not able to do sth well or in an acceptable way
SYN poor :
a bad teacher
You’re a bad liar!
He’s a bad loser (= he complains when he loses a game).
She is so bad at keeping secrets.
4. serious; severe
You’re heading for a bad attack of sunburn.
The engagement was a bad mistake.
My headache is getting worse.
NOT APPROPRIATE 不合适
5. [only before noun] not appropriate in a particular situation
I know that this is a bad time to ask for help.
He now realized that it had been a bad decision on his part.
6. morally unacceptable
The hero gets to shoot all the bad guys.
He said I must have done something bad to deserve it.
7. [usually before noun] (especially of children 尤指儿童) not behaving well
SYN naughty :
Have you been a bad boy?
8. [not before noun] ~ for sb / sth harmful; causing or likely to cause damage
Those shoes are bad for her feet.
Weather like this is bad for business.
9. [usually before noun] (of parts of the body 身体部位) not healthy; painful
I’ve got a bad back.
10. not safe to eat because it has decayed
Put the meat in the fridge so it doesn’t go bad.
TEMPER / MOOD 脾气；情绪
11. ~ temper / mood the state of feeling annoyed or angry
It put me in a bad mood for the rest of the day.
GUILTY / SORRY 愧疚；遗憾
12. feel ~ to feel guilty or sorry about sth
She felt bad about leaving him.
Why should I want to make you feel bad?
ILL / SICK 有病；不舒服
13. feel / look ~ to feel or look ill / sick
I’m afraid I’m feeling pretty bad.
14. (bad·der, bad·dest) (slang, especially NAmE) good; excellent
Most idioms containing bad are at the entries for the nouns and verbs in the idioms, for example be bad news (for sb / sth) is at news.
大多数含 bad 的习语,都可在该等习语中的名词及动词相关词条找到,如 be bad news (for sb / sth) 在词条 news 下。
▪ can’t be bad
(informal) used to try to persuade sb to agree that sth is good
You’ll save fifty dollars, which can’t be bad, can it?
▪ have got it ‘bad (informal, humorous) to be very much in love
You’re not seeing him again tonight, are you? That’s nine times this week—you’ve got it bad!
▪ not ‘bad (informal) quite good; better than you expected
‘How are you?’ ‘Not too bad.’
That wasn’t bad for a first attempt.
▪ too bad
1. (ironic) used to say ‘bad luck’ or ‘it’s a shame’ when you do not really mean it
If sometimes they’re the wrong decisions, too bad.
2. a shame; a pity
Too bad every day can’t be as good as this.
3. (old-fashioned) annoying
Really, it was too bad of you to be so late.
the bad [U] bad people, things, or events
You will always have the bad as well as the good in the world.
▪ 7go to the ‘bad (old-fashioned) to begin behaving in an immoral way
I hate to see you going to the bad.
▪ ‘my bad
(NAmE, informal) used when you are admitting that sth is your fault or that you have made a mistake
I’m sorry—my bad.
▪ take the 7bad with the ‘good
to accept the bad aspects of sth as well as the good ones
▪ to the ‘bad
(BrE) used to say that sb now has a particular amount less money than they did before
After the sale they were £300 to the bad.
这笔买卖使他们亏损了 300 英镑。
(NAmE, informal) badly
She wanted it real bad.
Are you hurt bad?
1 NOT GOOD 不好的 unpleasant or likely to cause problems 不好的，糟糕的，坏的 OPP good
I have some bad news for you.
I thought things couldn’t possibly get any worse.
The plane was delayed for several hours by bad weather.
It’s difficult to break bad habits.
a bad smell
2 LOW QUALITY 质量差 low in quality or below an acceptable standard 差的，拙劣的 OPP good
The failure of the company was due to bad management.
Your handwriting is so bad I can hardly read it.
That was the worst movie I’ve ever seen.
3 NOT SENSIBLE 不明智的 [usually before noun] not sensible, or not suitable in a particular situation 不好的，不明智的，不合适的 OPP good
Cutting spending at this time is a bad idea.
Making big changes in your diet all at once is a bad thing to do.
4 MORALLY WRONG 道德品质不好的 morally wrong or evil 〔道德品质〕坏的，不好的 OPP good
He’s a bad man – keep away from him.
→ bad guy
5 WRONG BEHAVIOUR 不良行为 spoken doing something you should not do, or behaving in a wrong way – used especially about children or pets 〔尤指儿童或宠物〕顽皮的，表现差的，表现不好的 SYN naughty
Katie was very bad today!
bad girl/dog etc
Bad cat! Get off the table!
6 SERIOUS 严重的 serious or severe 严重的；厉害的
He was in a bad accident.
The pain in my side is worse than it was yesterday.
7 a bad time/moment etc a time that is not suitable or causes problems 不适当的时候
It’s a bad time to have to borrow money, with interest rates so high.
You’ve come at the worst possible moment. I have a meeting in five minutes.
8 HARMFUL 有害的 damaging or harmful 造成损害的，有害的
Pollution is having a bad effect on fish stocks.
Smoking is bad for your health.
Too much salt can be bad for you.
It is bad for kids to be on their own so much.
9 FOOD 食物 food that is bad is not safe to eat because it has decayed 已变质的，腐烂的
10 NO SKILL 不熟练 having no skill or ability in a particular activity 不擅长的；能力不济的
11 bad heart/leg/back etc a heart, leg etc that is injured or does not work correctly 心脏/腿/背等不好
12 LANGUAGE 语言 bad language is rude or offensive 〔语言〕粗鲁的，下流的
13 be in a bad mood (also be in a bad temper British English) to feel annoyed or angry 情绪不好，心情不佳
14 feel bad
15 not bad spoken used to say that something is good, or better than you expected 不错的
16 not too/so bad spoken used to say that something is not as bad as expected 不是太糟糕
17 too bad spoken
18 go from bad to worse to become even more unpleasant or difficult 越来越坏，每况愈下
19 be in a bad way informal to be very ill, unhappy, or injured, or not in a good condition 病情严重；不高兴；受伤；处于困境
20 a bad name if something has a bad name, people do not respect or trust it 不好的名声
21. bad lot/sort/type British English old-fashioned someone who is morally bad or cannot be trusted 坏人，坏蛋，坏家伙
22 bad penny British English someone or something that causes trouble and is difficult to avoid 讨厌又避不开的人[事物] 23 be taken bad British English informal to become ill 生病
24 in bad faith if someone does something in bad faith, they are behaving dishonestly and have no intention of keeping a promise 存心不良地，背信弃义地
25 bad news spoken informal someone or something that always causes trouble 带来麻烦的人[事物] 26 bad form British English old-fashioned socially unacceptable behaviour 不礼貌的行为
27 bad blood angry or bitter feelings between people 恶感，敌意；仇恨
28. not have a bad word to say about/against somebody if no one has a bad word to say about a particular person, everyone likes and respects that person 如果没有人说某人一句不好，那某人口碑很好
29 it’s bad enough … spoken used to say that you already have one problem, so that you do not want to worry about or deal with another one …已经够受了
30 something can’t be bad spoken used to persuade someone that something is good or worth doing 某事不错〔用于劝导〕
31 (comparative badder, superlative baddest) spoken informal especially American English
—badness noun [uncountable] THESAURUS
1 to the bad British English informal if you are a particular amount to the bad, you are that much poorer or you owe that much 亏损；负债
2. my bad! American English spoken informal used to say that you have made a mistake or that something is your fault 我的不是！是我不好！
3. go to the bad British English old-fashioned to begin living in a wrong or immoral way 开始学坏，堕落
bad3 adverb spoken
a word used to mean ‘badly’ that many people think is incorrect 很，非常〔很多人认为此用法是错的〕
I need that money bad.
Origin bad1 (1200-1300) Perhaps from Old English bæddel “male homosexual”
1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词坏的；令人不快的；不合意的；有害的；糟糕的 Something that is bad is unpleasant, harmful, or undesirable.
The bad weather conditions prevented the plane from landing…
We have been going through a bad time…
I’ve had a bad day at work…
Divorce is bad for children…
Analysts fear the situation is even worse than the leadership admits.
2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词严重的；厉害的；剧烈的 You use bad to indicate that something unpleasant or undesirable is severe or great in degree.
He had a bad accident two years ago and had to give up farming…
This was a bad case of dangerous driving…
The pain is often so bad she wants to scream…
The floods are described as the worst in nearly fifty years.
3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词不明智的；错误的；不对的 A bad idea, decision, or method is not sensible or not correct.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
Economist Jeffrey Faux says a tax cut is a bad idea…
Of course politicians will sometimes make bad decisions…
That’s not a bad way to proceed, just somewhat different…
The worst thing you can do is underestimate an opponent.
4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词不利的；不幸的 If you describe a piece of news, an action, or a sign as bad, you mean that it is unlikely to result in benefit or success.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
The closure of the project is bad news for her staff…
It was a bad start in my relationship with Warr…
The report couldn’t have come at a worse time for the European Commission.
5.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词不合标准的；劣质的；蹩脚的；不足的 Something that is bad is of an unacceptably low standard, quality, or amount.
She was in rather a bad film about the Mau Mau…
Many old people in Britain are living in bad housing…
The state schools’ main problem is that teachers’ pay is so bad…
It was absolutely the worst food I have ever had.
6.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词不擅长的；不善于的 Someone who is bad at doing something is not skilful or successful at it.
【搭配模式】：v-link ADJ at -ing/n
He had increased Britain’s reputation for being bad at languages…
He was a bad driver…
Rose was a poor cook and a worse mother.
7.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词难以接受的；令人遗憾的 If you say that it is bad that something happens, you mean it is unacceptable, unfortunate, or wrong.
Not being able to hear doesn’t seem as bad as not being able to see…
You need at least ten pounds if you go to the cinema nowadays — it’s really bad.
8.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词（尤表示惊讶）不错的，不坏的，挺好的 You can say that something is not bad to mean that it is quite good or acceptable, especially when you are rather surprised about this.
‘How much is he paying you?’ — ‘Oh, five thousand.’ —’Not bad.’…
‘How are you, mate?’ — ‘Not bad, mate, how’s yourself?’…
He’s not a bad chap — quite human for an accountant…
That’s not a bad idea.
9.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词邪恶的；不道德的 A bad person has morally unacceptable attitudes and behaviour.
I was selling drugs, but I didn’t think I was a bad person…
He does not think that his beliefs make him any worse than any other man.
They only recognise badness when they perceive it in others.
10.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词不听话的；调皮的；捣蛋的 A bad child disobeys rules and instructions or does not behave in a polite and correct way.
You are a bad boy for repeating what I told you…
Many parents find it hard to discourage bad behaviour.
11.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词易怒的；乖戾的；阴郁的 If you are in a bad mood, you are angry and behave unpleasantly to people.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
She is in a bit of a bad mood because she’s just given up smoking.
12.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词抱歉的；难过的；内疚的 If you feel bad about something, you feel rather sorry or guilty about it.
You don’t have to feel bad about relaxing…
I feel bad that he’s doing most of the work…
Are you trying to make me feel bad?
13.ADJ 形容词受伤的；有病的；虚弱的 If you have a bad back, heart, leg, or eye, it is injured, diseased, or weak.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
Alastair has a bad back so we have a hard bed.
14.ADJ 形容词变质的；腐烂的 Food that has gone bad is not suitable to eat because it has started to decay.
【搭配模式】：usu go ADJ
They bought so much beef that some went bad.
15.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词污秽的；咒骂的 Bad language is language that contains offensive words such as swear words.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
I don’t like to hear bad language in the street…
I said a bad word.
17.PHRASE 短语…真可惜；…真遗憾 If you say that it is too bad that something is the case, you mean you are sorry or sad that it is the case.
【搭配模式】：oft it v-link PHR that
It is too bad that Eleanor had to leave so soon…
Too bad he used his intelligence for criminal purposes.
18.CONVENTION 惯用语（表示无法改变，亦不觉得抱歉或同情）算…倒霉 If you say ‘too bad’, you are indicating that nothing can be done to change the situation, and that you do not feel sorry or sympathetic about this.
Too bad if you missed the bus.
19.PHRASE 短语境况不佳；处于困境 If someone or something is in a bad way, they are in a bad condition or situation.
The economy is in a bad way…
‘You look in a bad way,’ chuckled Brad.
20.PHRASE 短语对…有不好的评价；说…的坏话 If nobody has a bad word to say about you, you are liked or admired by everyone.
She’s got beauty, wealth, and fame, and we still can’t find anyone with a bad word to say about her.
21. to make the best of a bad job→see: best; bad blood→see: blood; to be in someone’s bad books→see: book; bad luck→see: luck; to get a bad press→see: press; to go from bad to worse→see: worse;
worse /ˈwɚs/ ; worst /ˈwɚst/
a : low or poor in quality质量差的；拙劣的
a bad repair job
The house is in bad condition/shape.
b : not correct or proper错误的；不合适的
bad [=incorrect, faulty] grammar
a letter written in bad French
a bad check [=a check that cannot be cashed] 空头支票
— see also bad language
a : not pleasant, pleasing, or enjoyable令人不快的；令人沮丧的
He had a bad day at the office.
I was having a bad dream.
She made a very bad impression on her future colleagues.
The food tastes bad.
The flower smells bad.
He has bad breath. [=breath that smells bad] 他有口臭。
We’ve been having bad weather lately.
The medicine left a bad taste in his mouth.
It feels bad [=uncomfortable, painful] to stretch out my arm.
I look bad in this hat. = This hat looks bad on me.
That hat doesn’t look bad on you. [=that hat looks good on you] 那顶帽子你戴上还不错。
b : having, marked by, or relating to problems, troubles, etc.不好的；不妙的；有麻烦的
good and bad news
They have remained together in good times and bad (times).
It’s a bad time for business right now.
a bad omen
Things are looking pretty bad for us at this point.
I have a bad feeling about this.
— see also bad blood, bad news
c : not adequate or suitable不充分的；不合适的
I couldn’t take a picture because the lighting was bad.
It’s a bad day for a picnic.
She made a bad marriage.
Is this a bad moment/time to have a word with you?
d : not producing or likely to produce a good result结果不好的；糟糕的
a bad deal
a bad risk
a bad idea/plan
The plan has its good points and its bad points.
a bad debt [=a debt that will not be paid] 坏账
a bad loan [=a loan that will not be repaid] 不良贷款
e : expressing criticism or disapproval批评的；不赞成的
The movie got bad reviews.
a : not healthy : marked or affected by injury or disease不健康的；伤病的
His health is pretty bad. = He’s in pretty bad health.
The patient was pretty bad [=ill, sick] last week and even worse yesterday but is doing better now.
He came home early because he was feeling pretty bad. [=he wasn’t feeling well] 他感觉身体很不舒服，所以早早就回家了。
My father has a bad back/leg. [=a back/leg that is always or often painful] 我父亲总是背/腿疼。
She has bad eyesight/hearing.
b : causing harm or trouble有害的
a bad diet
a bad influence
bad cholesterol [=a type of cholesterol that can cause serious health problems when there is too much of it in your blood] 有害胆固醇
— often + for
Eating too much can be bad for you. = It can be bad for you to eat too much.
Eating all that candy is bad for your teeth.
Watching too much TV is bad for children.
a : not morally good or right : morally evil or wrong不道德的；邪恶的
a bad person
a man of bad character
It’s hard to tell the good guys from the bad guys in this movie.
— see also bad faith
b : not behaving properly不听话的；不礼貌的
a bad dog
I’m afraid your son has been a very bad [=naughty] boy.
— see also bad boy
a : not skillful : not doing or able to do something well不擅长的；拙劣的
a bad musician
a bad doctor
She was pretty bad in that movie. [=she did not act well] 她在那部电影里演得很差劲。
— often + at
a doctor who’s bad at treating nervous patients
He’s very/really bad at expressing his true feelings.
b : having a tendency not to do something总做不到的 — + about
He’s bad about getting to work on time. [=he often fails to get to work on time] 他总不能准点上班。
I’m very bad about remembering people’s birthdays. [=I often forget people’s birthdays] 我总是记不住别人的生日。
a : not happy or pleased : feeling regret or guilt about something难过的；遗憾的，内疚的
I feel bad about what happened. [=I regret what happened] 我对所发生的事感到难过。
She felt bad that she forgot to call. = She felt bad about forgetting to call.
b : not cheerful or calm不开心的；不平静的
She’s in a bad mood. [=an angry mood] 她心情不好。
He has a bad temper. [=he’s bad-tempered; he becomes angry easily] 他脾气不好。
: serious or severe严重的；剧烈的
She’s in bad trouble.
He has a bad cough/cold.
That bruise looks bad: you’d better see a doctor about it.
How bad is the pain?
: no longer good to eat or drink : not fresh不新鲜的；变质的
the smell of bad fish
Is the milk still good or has it gone bad? [=spoiled] 这牛奶是好的还是坏的？
chiefly US, informal badder; baddest
a : very good非常好的；顶呱呱的
He’s the baddest guitar player you’ll ever hear!
b : very tough or dangerous粗野的；危险的
Don’t mess around with him. He’s a bad dude.
a bad job
— see job
a bad lot
— see lot
— see apple
come to a bad end
— see 1end
from bad to worse
: from a bad state or condition to an even worse state or condition愈来愈坏；每况愈下
The company has been struggling for years, and things have recently gone from bad to worse.
in a bad way
: in a bad condition陷入麻烦；处于困境
Without enough funding, public services are in a pretty bad way right now.
The patient was in a bad way last week but is doing better now.
in someone’s bad books
— see 1book
: fairly good or quite good不错；很好
All things considered, she’s not a bad singer. [=she’s a pretty good singer] 综合考虑，她是一名很不错的歌手。
“How are you?” “Not (too/so) bad, thanks. And you?”
— used to show that you are sorry or feel bad about something可惜，不幸（表遗憾或难过）
It’s too bad [=unfortunate] that John and Mary are getting divorced. = It’s too bad about John and Mary getting divorced. [=I’m sorry to hear that John and Mary are getting divorced] 约翰和玛丽要离婚了，真是太遗憾了。
“I won’t be able to come to the party.” “(That’s) Too bad. I was hoping you’d be there.”
— used in an ironic way to show that you are not sorry or do not feel bad about something可惜，不幸（用作讽刺之意）
“But I need your help!” “(That’s just) Too bad.”
with bad grace
— see 1grace
— badness noun [noncount] the badness of his behavior
the badness [=severity] of his injuries
There’s more goodness than badness in him.
2 bad /ˈbæd/ adverb
worse; worst US, informal
She was struggling when she first started the job, but she’s not doing so bad now. [=she’s doing fairly well now] 她刚开始做这份工作时很吃力，但现在干得相当不错了。
He hasn’t succeeded because he doesn’t want it bad enough.
He cut himself real bad. [=very badly] 他把自己割成了重伤。
I need a vacation and I need it bad. [=I need it very much] 我需要休假，非常迫切地需要。
“Is he in love with her?” “Oh yeah, he’s got it bad.” [=he’s extremely in love with her] “他与她相爱了吗？”“哦，是的，不能自己。”
bad off US
: having little money贫穷的
They’re pretty bad off [=they don’t have enough money] now that he’s lost his job.
We’re not rich, but we’re not too bad off (for money). [=we’re not poor] 我们不富有，但我们也不是很穷。
: in a bad or difficult situation or condition形势不利的；境况不好的
When I heard how bad off they were, I asked if I could do anything to help.
This state isn’t too bad off compared to other parts of the country.
3 bad /ˈbæd/ noun
[noncount] : morally bad forces or influences : evil邪恶势力；不良影响
There’s more good than bad in him.
We need to teach our children the difference between good and bad.
a [singular] : the unpleasant things that happen to people厄运；不幸
You have to take the good with the bad. [=you have to accept the bad things that happen to you as well as the good things] 你必须接受人生的苦与乐。
b [singular] : things that are morally wrong不道德的事；坏事
teaching children the difference between the good and the bad
c [plural] : morally bad people品德败坏之人
He believes that the good go to heaven when they die and the bad go to hell.