backwards (Am backward) 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版必修B2U2
The animal fell backwards with an angry loud cry.
It is not that they are growing backwards—their legs, arms and backbones getting shorter.
backward area 落后地区
step backward 倒退；返回；逐帧倒放
backward country 经济落后国家
backward extrusion 反挤压；反向挤压；逆向挤制
backward compatibility 向后兼容；反向兼容性
backward position 反转位置，回程位置
backward integration 向后整合
backward movement 反向运动
backward wave oscillator 逆波振荡器
backward somersault 倒毛跟斗；倒筋斗跳；后空翻
向後的,倒行的;遲鈍的ad.向後,朝反方向The backward man lacks black background.落後的男子缺少黑色背景.
1. [only before noun] directed or moving towards the back
She strode past him without a backward glance.
2. moving in a direction that means that no progress is being made
SYN retrograde :
She felt that going back to live in her home town would be a backward step.
3. having made less progress than normal; developing slowly
a backward part of the country, with no paved roads and no electricity
a backward child
迟钝儿童 (BrE, informal)
She’s not backward in coming forward (= she’s not shy).
⇨ compare forward
1 [only before noun] looking or facing in the direction that is behind you 向后的，朝后的 OPP forward
She went without a backward glance.
2 developing slowly and less successfully than most others 发展缓慢的，落后的
a backward country
a backward child
—backwardness noun [uncountable] Word family
backwards /ˈbækwədz $ -wərdz/ ●●● S3 (also backward /-wəd $ -wərd/ American English) adverb
1 in the direction that is behind you 向后，朝后 OPP forwards
Hannah took a step backward.
She pushed me and I fell backwards into the chair.
2 towards the beginning or the past 往回，往前面 OPP forwards
Count backwards from 100.
3 with the back part in front 前后反过来
Your T-shirt is on backwards.
4 towards a worse state 倒退地，退步地，每况愈下地 OPP forwards
The new measures are seen by some as a major step backwards.
5 backwards and forwards first in one direction and then in the opposite direction, usually many times 来回地，忽前忽后地
Kip stumbled backwards and forwards before falling down.
6 bend/lean over backwards (to do something) to try as hard as possible to help or please someone 〔指为了帮助或取悦某人〕拼命（做某事），竭尽全力（做某事）
City officials bent over backwards to help downtown businesses.
7 know something backwards British English, know something backwards and forwards American English to know something very well or perfectly 对某事了如指掌，熟知某事
She practiced her part until she knew it backwards and forwards.
In American English, backward is usually used as an adverb instead of backwards.Backward is also sometimes used in this way in formal British English. See backwards for these uses.
1.ADJ 形容词向后的，往后的（一些人亦使用backwards) A backward movement or look is in the direction that your back is facing. Some people use backwards for this meaning.
He unlocked the door of apartment two and disappeared inside after a backward glance at Larry…
He did a backward flip.
2.ADJ 形容词倒退的；不进反退的 If someone takes a backward step, they do something that does not change or improve their situation, but causes them to go back a stage.
At a certain age, it’s not viable for men to take a backward step into unskilled work…
Many dentists will no longer treat National Health Service patients, which is a big backward step in this country.
3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词落后的 A backward country or society does not have modern industries and machines.
We need to accelerate the pace of change in our backward country.
I was astonished at the backwardness of our country at the time.
4.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词迟钝的；学习吃力的 A backward child has difficulty in learning.
…research into teaching techniques to help backward children…
I was slow to walk and talk and my parents thought I was backward.
…her backwardness in practical and physical activities.
or backwards /ˈbækwɚdz/
: toward the back : to or toward what is behind向后；朝后
a sudden movement backward, not forward
I heard a noise behind me and glanced backward.
He pushed the throttle backward.
She took a small step backward.
Can you skate backward?
: opposite to the usual way : in reverse反向地；逆向地
Count backward from 10.
: toward the past（时间）向过去
a journey backward in time
The narrative moves backward and forward in time.
: to or toward a less advanced state or condition : toward a worse state倒退地；退步地
His new job, which paid less and had fewer responsibilities, felt like a step backward.
bend over backward or lean over backward also fall over backward
: to make a great effort to help someone or to reach agreement with someone（帮助别人或为与某人达成协议）尽心尽力，不遗余力
The salesman said he would bend over backward to make the deal.
I’ve leaned over backward to please you—and you haven’t even said thank you!
know something backward and forward
— see 1know
2 backward /ˈbækwɚd/ adjective
a : directed or turned toward the back向后的；朝后的
a backward glance
a backward baseball cap
a sudden backward movement
b : done backward向后做的
a backward somersault
[more backward; most backward] : behind others : not as advanced as others in learning or development落后的；后进的
(old-fashioned) He was a backward pupil who struggled to keep up in school.
a technologically backward village that has no running water
— backwardly adverb
— backwardness noun [noncount] the technological backwardness of the village