awful

英 [‘ɔːfl]     美 [‘ɔːfl]    
adj. 糟糕的;可怕的;充满敬畏的;难受的
adv. 极其

副词: awfully 名词: awfulness

考点牛津朗文柯林韦氏
一、真题好句
awful 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:0
/ˈɔːfəl/
a.
可怕的
高考真题原句提选:
Obviously, my grade was awful.
What earned the plant its awful reputation was its roots which looked like a dried-up human body occupied by evil spirits.

二、词组|习惯用语
an awful lot ◎经常;◎非常,极其;
an awful lot of 许多,大量的
awful weather 气候恶劣;非常糟糕的天气

三、词根记忆

awful
a.
極度的,極壞的;威嚴的,可怕的The awfully awkward warship is warned not to be awarded war reward.那艘非常拙劣的軍艦受到不給予戰爭報酬的警告.

awful / 5C:fl /
adjective
1. (informal) very bad or unpleasant
很坏的;极讨厌的:
That’s an awful colour.
那颜色难看得很。
‘They didn’t even offer to pay.’ ‘Oh that’s awful.’
“他们甚至不主动付钱。” “哦,这真不像话。”
It’s awful, isn’t it?
糟糕透了,不是吗?
The weather last summer was awful.
刚过去的夏季天气真坏。
I feel awful about forgetting her birthday.
我忘了她的生日,感到很难过。
to look / feel awful (= to look / feel ill)
面带病容;感到很不舒服
There’s an awful smell in here.
这里有股很难闻的味道。
The awful thing is, it was my fault.
糟糕的是,这是我的过失。
⇨ note at terrible
2. (informal) used to emphasize sth, especially that there is a large amount or too much of sth
非常的;很多的;过多的:
It’s going to cost an awful lot of money.
这要花非常多的钱。
There’s not an awful lot of room.
没有很多的空间。
I feel an awful lot better than I did yesterday.
我觉得身体比昨天好得多了。
(BrE) I had an awful job persuading him to come (= it was very difficult).
说服他来真是费劲死了。
3. very shocking
骇人听闻的;可怕的
SYN terrible :
the awful horrors of war
骇人听闻的战争恐怖
• aw·ful·ness noun [U] :
the sheer awfulness of the situation
糟透了的情况
adverb
(informal, especially NAmE) very; extremely
非常;极其:
Clint is awful smart.
克林特机灵极了。

awful1 /ˈɔːfəl $ ˈɒː-/ ●●● S1 adjective
1  very bad or unpleasant 糟糕的,恶劣的;讨厌的 SYN terrible
The weather was awful.
天气很糟糕。
He is a pretty awful driver.
他开车水平相当糟糕。
That fridge smells awful.
那台冰箱气味难闻极了。
The last six months have been awful for her.
最近六个月对她来说相当难过。
I’ve stopped believing most of what he says. Isn’t that awful?
他说的大部分话我都不再相信了。很糟吧?
I’m sure Suzy is dead but the awful thing is not knowing how it happened.
我肯定苏齐是死了,但不幸的是不知道是怎么一回事。
► see thesaurus at bad, horrible
2  [only before noun] spoken used to emphasize how much or how good, bad etc something is 〔用于强调〕非常的;极好的;很糟的
An awful lot of people (=a large number of people) died in the war.
很多很多的人在这场战争中死去。
He made me feel an awful fool.
他让我感觉像个大傻瓜。
3  look/feel awful to look or feel ill 看上去/感觉像生病了
She’s lost a lot of weight and she looks awful.
她瘦了许多,满脸病容。
4. literary making you feel great respect or fear 令人敬畏的
—awfulness noun [uncountable] awful2 adverb [+adj/adverb] American English spoken very 非常
That kid’s awful cute, with her red curls.
那孩子一头红鬈发,十分可爱。

awful ★★★☆☆
1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词让人讨厌的;糟糕的 If you say that someone or something is awful, you dislike that person or thing or you think that they are not very good.
We met and I thought he was awful…

我们见了面,我觉得他很讨人厌。

I couldn’t stand London! Bloody awful place.

我在伦敦再也呆不下去了!简直是个糟糕至极的地方。

…an awful smell of paint…

难闻的油漆味

Even if the weather’s awful there’s lots to do…

即使天气很差,也还有好多事情可做。

Jeans look awful on me.

我穿牛仔裤难看极了。

awfulness
The programme’s awfulness has ensured it is talked about.

节目如此糟糕,肯定会被人议论。

2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词使人不愉快的;令人震惊的;可怕的;极坏的 If you say that something is awful, you mean that it is extremely unpleasant, shocking, or bad.
Her injuries were massive. It was awful…

她遍体鳞伤。太可怕了。

Some of their offences are so awful they would chill the blood.

他们的一些罪行骇人听闻,简直令人毛骨悚然。

3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词生病的;不舒服的 If you look or feel awful, you look or feel ill.

【搭配模式】:v-link ADJ
I hardly slept at all and felt pretty awful…

我基本上没睡,觉得很难受。

I looked awful and felt quite shaky.

我貌似生病了,觉得很虚弱。

4.ADJ 形容词(量)极大的,极多的 You can use awful with noun groups that refer to an amount in order to emphasize how large that amount is.

【搭配模式】:ADJ n

【语用信息】:emphasis
I’ve got an awful lot of work to do.

我有一大堆事情要做。

awfully
The caramel looks awfully good…

黄油奶糖看上去非常好吃。

‘I’m awfully sorry,’ she told him regretfully…

“我非常抱歉”,她懊悔地向他说道。

Would you mind awfully waiting a bit, I’ll be back right away.

不介意稍微等一会儿吧,我马上就回来。

5.ADV 副词(与表示特征的形容词连用,用于强调)极度地,非常 You can use awful with adjectives that describe a quality in order to emphasize that particular quality.

【搭配模式】:ADV adj

【语用信息】:emphasis

【语域标签】:AM 美

【STYLE标签】:INFORMAL 非正式
Gosh, you’re awful pretty…

天哪,你太漂亮了!

You know, 10 years sounds like an awful long time.

你知道,10年听起来遥遥无期。

1 awful /ˈɑːfəl/ adjective
[more awful; most awful] 1
: extremely bad or unpleasant极糟的;令人极不愉快的
The music was awful.
这音乐太难听了。
They heard the most awful sounds.
他们听到了最令人讨厌的声音。
Awful things began to happen.
倒霉的事情开始降临。
The weather was awful.
天气非常糟糕。
He has some awful disease.
他患有某种重病。
That joke is just/pretty/really/truly awful.
那个玩笑确实令人不悦。
He’s an awful person.
他是个讨厌的人。
That’s an awful thing to say.
那是一件说起来让人颇感不悦的事情。
She has awful manners.
她的态度很恶劣。
Who painted the house that awful color?
谁把房子漆成如此难看的颜色?
I don’t know what’s wrong with me but I feel awful. [=very sick] 我不知道我身体哪儿出问题了,但我感觉不舒服。
I feel awful [=very sorry] about what happened.
我对发生的事感到难过。
2
formal + old-fashioned : causing feelings of fear and wonder : awesome可怕的;令人敬畏的
The mountains have an awful majesty.
这些山脉有令人敬畏的雄伟气势。
an awful lot informal
1
: a large amount大批;大量
They lost an awful lot of money.
他们丢失了一大笔钱。
She does an awful lot of talking.
她说起话来长篇大论。
2
: very much非常
I like him an awful lot. [=I like him a lot] 我非常喜欢他。
— awfulness noun [noncount] the sheer awfulness of it all
它令人敬畏之处
the awfulness of the disease
那种疾病的可怕之处
2 awful /ˈɑːfəl/ adverb
chiefly US, informal
: very or extremely : awfully非常;极其
He was awful tired.
他累极了。
We haven’t heard from him in an awful long time.
我们好久没收到他的来信了。
You’ve come an awful long way.
你走了好远的路。

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