authority 高中必修500 全国卷频次:5 教材出处:译林版必修B3U4
/ɔːˈθɔrəti, əˈθɔrəti/ /əˈθɔːrətɪ/
n. authorities 0
Direction is concerned primarily with supervision（监管）and guidance by the management in authority.
competent authority [法]主管当局，主管部门
authority on 有关…的权威；…的专家
local authority 地方当局；地方政权
administrative authority 行政当局
tax authority 税务机关
public authority 公共机关；政府当局
in authority 有权；持有权力的地位
judicial authority 司法机关
legal authority 法定权威
central authority 中央集权
monetary authority 货币当局；金融管理专员
port authority 港务局
approval authority 批准机关；核准权
regulatory authority 管理机构；制定规章的机构；执行机构
aviation authority 民航当局
have authority 管理；有管辖权
limits of authority 税收管理权和权限，权限
by the authority of 以…的权力；得到…许可
certificate authority 凭证管理中心；认证授权
authority control 权限控制；权威控制
權力,權威;權威人士;(pl.)官方,當局In the autumn the authorities automatically authorize me to buy highly mobile automobiles.秋天,當權者自動授權我買高機動性的汽車.
1. [U] the power to give orders to people
in a position of authority
She now has authority over the people who used to be her bosses.
Nothing will be done because no six in authority (= who has a position of power) takes the matter seriously.
2. [U] ~ (to do sth) the power or right to do sth
Only the manager has the authority to sign cheques.
3. [U] official permission to do sth
It was done without the principal’s authority.
We acted under the authority of the UN.
4. [C, usually pl.] the people or an organization who have the power to make decisions or who have a particular area of responsibility in a country or region
The health authorities are investigating the problem.
I have to report this to the authorities.
⇨ see also local authority
5. [U] the power to influence people because they respect your knowledge or official position
He spoke with authority on the topic.
6. [C] ~ (on sth) a person with special knowledge
SYN specialist :
She’s an authority on criminal law.
▪ have sth on good au’thority
to be able to believe sth because you trust the person who gave you the information
1 POWER 权力 [uncountable] the power you have because of your official position 权力，当权
the authority to do something
Only the president has the authority to declare war.
Several countries claim authority over the islands.
I need to speak to someone in authority (=who has a position of power).
2 the authorities [plural] the people or organizations that are in charge of a particular country or area 〔国家或地区的〕当权者，当局，官方
an agreement between the US and Colombian authorities
3 ORGANIZATION 组织 [countable] an official organization or a government department that has the power to make decisions, and has particular responsibilities 官方机构；政府部门
the local authority
East Sussex Education Authority
the San Diego Water Authority
Welsh health authorities face a £13m deficit this year.
4 EXPERT 专家 [countable] someone who knows a lot about a subject and whose knowledge and opinions are greatly respected 权威人士，大师，泰斗
Mr Li is a leading authority on Chinese food.
► see thesaurus at expert
5 PERMISSION 允许 [countable, uncountable] official permission to do something 〔正式的〕许可，授权
under the authority of somebody
The attack took place under the authority of the UN Security Council.
without somebody’s authority
No one may enter without my authority.
6 authority figure someone who has a position of power, especially because of their job 尊长
teenage rebellion against authority figures
7 PERSONAL QUALITY 个人素质 [uncountable] a quality in the way you speak or behave which makes people obey you 权威，威严
Jack’s air of quiet authority
8. I have it on good authority used to say that you are sure that something is true because you trust the person who told you about it 有可靠的人告诉我
9. speak with authority to be sure of what you are saying, because of your knowledge or experience 有权威地说
Origin authority (1200-1300) Old French auctorité, from Latin auctoritas “opinion, decision, power”, from auctor; → AUTHOR1
1.N-PLURAL 复数名词当局;官方;当权者 The authorities are the people who have the power to make decisions and to make sure that laws are obeyed.
【搭配模式】：oft the N
This provided a pretext for the authorities to cancel the elections…
The prison authorities have been criticised for not moving more quickly to end the protest by inmates.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词See also:local authority;行政管理机构 An authority is an official organization or government department that has the power to make decisions.
【搭配模式】：usu with supp
…the Health Education Authority…
Any alterations had to meet the approval of the local planning authority.
3.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词权力；权限；职权 Authority is the right to command and control other people.
Local police chiefs should re-emerge as figures of authority and reassurance in their areas…
The judge had no authority to order a second trial.
4.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词威信 If someone has authority, they have a quality which makes other people take notice of what they say.
He had no natural authority and no capacity for imposing his will on others.
5.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词（官方的正式）许可 Authority is official permission to do something.
The prison governor has refused to let him go, saying he must first be given authority from his own superiors.
6.N-COUNT 可数名词（某一方面的）权威人士，专家 Someone who is an authority on a particular subject knows a lot about it.
【搭配模式】：N on n
He’s universally recognized as an authority on Russian affairs.
7.PHRASE 短语有可靠的消息来源 If you say you have it on good authority that something is true, you mean that you believe it is true because you trust the person who told you about it.
I have it on good authority that there’s no way this light can cause skin cancer.
authority /əˈθorəti/ noun
[noncount] : the power to give orders or make decisions : the power or right to direct or control someone or something权力
Only department managers have the authority [=right, power] to change the schedule.
Does he have the authority to do this? = (US) Does he have authority to do this?
This office has authority over personnel matters. [=this office has the power to make decisions about personnel matters] 这个职务有人事权。
You don’t have authority over me. [=you don’t have the power to give me orders] 你没权力命令我。
The boss is not popular but his authority is unquestioned.
“Who gave him the authority to do this?” “He didn’t do it on his own authority [=he didn’t do it on his own]; he was acting under the authority of the company president.” [=the company president gave him the power to do it] “谁给他权力这样做的？“他不是自行去做的，他是在公司总裁的授权下去做的。”
No one in authority objected to the plan. = No one in a position of authority objected to the plan. [=no one with official power to make important decisions objected to the plan] 当权者没人反对这项计划。
a figure of authority = an authority figure [=a person who has authority over other people] 当权者
Synonyms see: power
[noncount] a : the confident quality of someone who knows a lot about something or who is respected or obeyed by other people权威
She has an air of authority.
She spoke with authority [=authoritatively] about the history of the building.
b : a quality that makes something seem true or real权威性；真实性
His sincerity added much more authority [=credibility] to the story.
Her southern accent lent authority to her performance.
His opinions lacked authority.
authorities [plural] : people who have power to make decisions and enforce rules and laws当局；官方
We reported the incident to hospital authorities.
Local authorities are investigating the accident.
— often used with the常与the连用
He complained to the authorities [=the police] about the disturbance.
[count] : a person who is an expert on a subject权威人士— usually + on
He is an authority on local history. [=he knows a lot about local history] 他是地方史专家。
[count] : a government organization that has control of a specified activity or area政府部门
She is the director of the city’s housing authority.
have it on good/excellent authority
◊ If you have it on good/excellent authority that something is true, you have been told that it is true by someone you trust and believe.有可靠根据
I have it on good authority that she is writing a novel.