名词: attacker 过去式: attacked 过去分词: attacked 现在分词: attacking 第三人称单数: attacks
attack 高中必修500 全国卷频次:8 教材出处:译林版必修B1U4
n.&v. attacks 1 attacks 1 attacking 1 attacked 2
进攻，攻击；抨击；侵袭 & 攻击，抨击
When a leafy plant is under attack, it doesn’t sit quietly.
Scientists have found that all kinds of plants give out VOCs when being attacked.
Shortly after the September 11, 2001 attacks, they decided to walk from New York City to Washington, a 270-mile trip.
Many studies have shown that the company of pets can help lower blood pressure and raise chances of recovering from a heart attack.
We have never had any disease or insect attack problems.
When an animal is under attack, it can run away or fight back.
heart attack 心脏病发作
attack on 攻击
under attack 受到攻击；在攻击之下
main attack 主攻；攻击主力
angle of attack 攻角；迎角；冲角
surprise attack 奇袭，突然袭击；突袭
(make a) surprise attack 袭击
air attack 空袭
attack angle 攻角；迎角；冲角
counter attack 反攻，逆袭
sudden attack 奇袭
suicide attack 自杀式袭击
nuclear attack 核攻击
personal attack 人身攻击
panic attack 惊恐发作（一种病症）
chemical attack 化学侵蚀
come under attack 遭抨击，受到打击
attack on pearl harbor 偷袭珍珠港
cyber attack 网络攻击
sneak attack n. 偷袭
/n.攻擊,抨擊;著手,開始n.(病)發作The attacker cracked the racks and stacked them on the track.攻擊者打裂擱板並把它們堆在跑道上.
at·tack / E5tAk /
1. [C, U] ~ (on sb) an act of using violence to try to hurt or kill sb
a series of racist attacks
IN WAR 战争
2. [C, U] ~ (on sb / sth) an act of trying to kill or injure the enemy in war, using weapons such as guns and bombs
to launch / make / mount an attack
The patrol came under attack from all sides.
⇨ see also counter-attack
3. [C, U] ~ (on sb / sth) strong criticism of sb / sth in speech or in writing
a scathing attack on the government’s policies
The school has come under attack for failing to encourage bright pupils.
ACTION TO STOP STH 制止
4. [C] ~ (on sth) an action that you take to try to stop or change sth that you feel is bad
to launch an all-out attack on poverty / unemployment
OF ILLNESS 疾病
5. [C] a sudden, short period of illness, usually severe, especially an illness that you have often
to suffer an asthma attack
an acute attack of food poisoning
a panic attack
(figurative) an attack of the giggles
⇨ see also heart attack
OF EMOTION 情感
6. [C] a sudden period of feeling an emotion such as fear
an attack of nerves
7. [U, C] the action of sth such as an insect, or a disease, that causes damage to sth / sb
The roof timbers were affected by rot and insect attack.
IN SPORT 体育运动
8. [sing.] (BrE) (NAmE of·fense) the players in a team whose job is to try to score goals or points
Germany’s attack has been weakened by the loss of some key players through injury.
⇨ compare defence (7)
9. [C, U] the actions that players take to try to score a goal or win the game
a sustained attack on the Arsenal goal
USE VIOLENCE 使用暴力
1. to use violence to try to hurt or kill sb
▪ [VN] [often passive] :
A woman was attacked and robbed by a gang of youths.
The man attacked him with a knife.
▪ [V] Most dogs will not attack unless provoked.
IN WAR 战争
2. to use weapons, such as guns and bombs against an enemy in a war, etc.
▪ [VN] At dawn the army attacked the town.
▪ [V] The guerrillas attack at night.
3. [VN] ~ sb / sth (for sth / for doing sth) to criticize sb / sth severely
a newspaper article attacking the England football manager
She has been attacked for ignoring her own party members.
4. [VN] to have a harmful effect on sth
a disease that attacks the brain
The vines were attacked by mildew.
DO STH WITH ENERGY 奋力做
5. [VN] to deal with sth with a lot of energy and determination
Let’s attack six problem at a time.
IN SPORT 体育运动
6. [V] to go forward in a game in order to try to score goals or points
⇨ compare defend (3) :
Spain attacked more in the second half and deserved a goal.
1 VIOLENCE AGAINST SB/STH 攻击某人/某物的暴力 [countable] an act of violence that is intended to hurt a person or damage a place 袭击，攻击
There have been several attacks on foreigners recently.
a bomb attack
a knife attack
an arson attack (=an attempt to destroy a building using fire)
victims of racial attacks
2 IN A WAR 战争中 [countable, uncountable] the act of using weapons against an enemy in a war 进攻，攻击
The attack began at dawn.
the attack on Pearl Harbor
be/come under attack 遭到抨击
Once again we came under attack from enemy fighter planes.
Rebel forces launched (=started) an attack late Sunday night.
air/missile/nuclear etc attack
the threat of nuclear attack
3 CRITICISM 批评 [countable, uncountable] a strong and direct criticism of someone or something 抨击，非难，责骂
The magazine recently published a vicious personal attack on the novelist.
be/come under attack (=be strongly criticized) 遭到抨击
The company has come under fierce attack for its decision to close the factory.
go on the attack (=start to criticize someone severely) 严厉批评
4 ILLNESS 疾病 [countable] a sudden short period of suffering from an illness, especially an illness that you have often 突然发作
I had a bad attack of flu at Christmas.
He died after suffering a severe asthma attack.
→ heart attack
5 EMOTION 情绪 [countable] a short period of time when you suddenly feel extremely frightened or worried and cannot think normally or deal with the situation 〔情绪的〕一阵侵袭
Her heart began to pound frantically, as if she were having a panic attack.
a sudden attack of nerves
6 ATTEMPT TO STOP STH 阻止某事的企图 [countable, uncountable] actions that are intended to get rid of or stop something such as a system, a set of laws etc 〔对体制、法律等的〕冲击
The new measures were seen by many as an attack on the Scottish way of life.
7 SPORT 体育
8 DAMAGE 损害 [countable, uncountable] when something such as a disease, insect, or chemical damages something 〔病、虫或化学物的〕损害，伤害
Related topics: Sport
attack2 ●●● S3 W2 verb
1 USE VIOLENCE 使用暴力 [intransitive, transitive] to deliberately use violence to hurt a person or damage a place 袭击，殴打；破坏
2 IN A WAR 在战争中 [intransitive, transitive] to start using guns, bombs etc against an enemy in a war 进攻，袭击
3 CRITICIZE 批评 [transitive] to criticize someone or something very strongly 抨击，责难
4 DAMAGE 破坏 [transitive] if something such as a disease, insect, or chemical attacks something, it damages it 〔病、虫或化学物〕给…造成伤害；侵袭，侵蚀
5 BEGIN DOING 开始做 [transitive] to begin to do something in a determined and eager way 着手积极处理
6 SPORT 体育 [intransitive, transitive] to move forward and try to score goals or win points 进攻 → defend
Origin attack2 (1600-1700) French attaquer, from Old Italian attaccare “to attach”, from stacca “sharp post”
1.VERB 动词攻击；进攻 To attack a person or place means to try to hurt or damage them using physical violence.
Fifty civilians in Masawa were killed when government planes attacked the town…
He bundled the old lady into her hallway and brutally attacked her…
While Haig and Foch argued, the Germans attacked…
The infantry would use hit and run tactics to slow attacking forces.
Attack is also a noun.
…a campaign of air attacks on strategic targets…
Refugees had come under attack from federal troops.
2.VERB 动词抨击;强烈指责;非难 If you attack a person, belief, idea, or act, you criticize them strongly.
【语法信息】：V n for -ing
【语法信息】：Also V n as n/adj
He publicly attacked the people who’ve been calling for secret ballot nominations…
A newspaper ran an editorial attacking him for being a showman.
Attack is also a noun.
The role of the state as a prime mover in planning social change has been under attack…
The committee yesterday launched a scathing attack on British business for failing to invest.
3.VERB 动词（疾病、化学药品、昆虫等）攻击，侵蚀，破坏 If something such as a disease, a chemical, or an insect attacks something, it harms or spoils it.
The virus seems to have attacked his throat…
Several key crops failed when they were attacked by pests.
Attack is also a noun.
The virus can actually destroy those white blood cells, leaving the body wide open to attack from other infections.
4.VERB 动词（积极地）解决（问题），开展（工作） If you attack a job or a problem, you start to deal with it in an energetic way.
Any attempt to attack the budget problem is going to have to in some way deal with those issues.
5.VERB 动词（在足球等比赛中）进攻 In games such as football, when one team attacks the opponent’s goal, they try to score a goal.
Now the US is controlling the ball and attacking the opponent’s goal…
The goal was just reward for Villa’s decision to attack constantly in the second half.
Attack is also a noun.
Lee was at the hub of some incisive attacks in the second half.
Manchester City will play a more attacking style of football.
6.N-COUNT 可数名词（疾病短时间的）侵袭，发作 An attack of an illness is a short period in which you suffer badly from it.
It had brought on an attack of asthma.
7.See also:counter-attack;heart attack;
attacks; attacked; attacking
: to act violently against (someone or something) : to try to hurt, injure, or destroy (something or someone)攻击；进攻
[+ object] He attacked the guard with a knife.
Troops attacked the fortress at dawn.
— often used as (be) attacked常用作(be) attacked
He was attacked by a dog.
He was attacked from behind by two men.
[no object] Suddenly, the dog attacked.
The troops attacked at dawn.
[+ object] : to criticize (someone or something) in a very harsh and severe way抨击；非难
The study has been attacked as unscientific. [=people have criticized the study by saying that it is unscientific] 这项研究受到抨击，被指不符合科学方法。
People are attacking the mayor for breaking campaign promises.
The professor has been widely attacked for her position on the issue.
[+ object] a : to begin to work on or deal with (something, such as a problem) in a determined and eager way大刀阔斧地干；全力处理
We eagerly attacked the problem. [=we eagerly tried to solve the problem] 我们非常急于解决这个问题。
b : to begin to eat (food) eagerly狼吞虎咽地吃
Did you see the way the kids attacked that pizza?
[+ object] : to begin to harm, injure, or destroy (something)侵袭；侵害；损害
The virus attacks the body’s immune system.
A number of trees have been attacked by the disease.
Insects have attacked the crops.
sports : to try to score points or goals by moving forward in a very forceful way（体育比赛中）进攻
[no object] The team attacked from the outset, so it was no surprise that they won.
[+ object] The offense attacked the weak defensive line.
— attacker noun, plural attackers [count] She was able to identify her attacker, and he was later brought to trial.
The defense trapped the attacker and got the ball back.
2 attack /əˈtæk/ noun
a [count] : a violent, harmful, or destructive act against someone or something攻击；进攻
dog/shark attacks = attacks by dogs/sharks
One of the patients was the victim of a knife attack. [=an attack made using a knife] 有一个病人遭到匕首攻击。
— often + on
There have been a number of attacks on women on the campus.
b : harmful or destructive action against something by a disease, insect, chemical, etc.（疾病、害虫、化学药品等的）侵害，破坏
[noncount] The immune system is the body’s defense against attack by germs.
[count] The spray protects plants from attacks by many common pests.
: an attempt by a military force to defeat an enemy : a military offensive军事进攻；军事攻击
[count] an air/ground attack = an attack made from the air/ground
The surprise attack came at dawn.
[noncount] There is a threat of nuclear attack.
[count] : strong or severe criticism抨击；非难
There have been many attacks against the professor for her position on the issue.
a verbal attack
The newspaper editorial is an attack on policy-makers.
[count] : a sudden short period of suffering from an illness or of being affected by a strong emotion（疾病或强烈情绪的）突然发作
an asthma attack
a panic/anxiety attack
— often + of
an attack of the flu
an attack of food poisoning
an attack of nerves/melancholy
— sometimes used figuratively有时用作比喻
an attack of the giggles
He had an unexpected attack of goodness and helped us out.
— see also heart attack
[count] : an attempt to destroy or end something努力消除；抑制 — often + on
City leaders have called for an attack on poverty.
Local schools are mounting an attack on racism.
: a method of dealing with something (such as a problem)解决问题的方法
[count] Each problem calls for a different attack.
[noncount] The current approach isn’t working. I think we need a new plan of attack. [=a new idea of how to do what we are trying to do] 目前的方法行不通。我想我们需要一个新的解决方案。
a [count] : an attempt by a player or group of players to score points, goals, or runs（体育比赛中的）进攻 — usually singular通常用单数
They had a sustained attack but could not score.
The players carried the attack deep into the opponent’s side of the field.
They won the game in the last two innings with an 8-hit attack. [=they won the game by getting eight hits in the last two innings] 他们在最后两局击中8分赢得了比赛。
b British : the players on a team who try to score : offense进攻队员
[singular] The team’s attack has been weakened by injury.
[noncount] He will play in attack. [=(US) on offense] 他将打进攻位。
on the attack
: making an attack发起进攻；攻击
The soldiers were on the attack. [=were attacking the enemy] 士兵们正在向敌人进攻。
The team was on the attack [=was aggressively trying to score] for most of the first half.
The team went on the attack [=began to attack] and quickly scored a goal.
The candidate went on the attack and accused his opponent of lying.
Opponents of the project went on the attack and defeated the land sale.
: being affected or hurt by an attack : being attacked遭受攻击；受到袭击
The troops were under attack [=were being attacked by the enemy] throughout the day.
The troops suddenly came under attack. [=began to be attacked] 部队突然遭袭。
The new policy has come under attack [=has been strongly criticized] by environmentalists.
3 attack /əˈtæk/ adjective
always used before a noun
: designed for or used in a military attack用于军事打击的
an attack helicopter/submarine
The bombers were in attack formation.