# assumption

英 [ə’sʌmpʃn]
美 [ə’sʌmpʃn]

n. 假定；设想；担任(职责等)；假装

assumption 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版选必修B4U4

/əˈsʌmpʃən/

n. assumptions 0

假定，设想；担任，承当；假装，作态

高考真题原句提选：

An assumption behind UK insurance for driverless cars, introduced earlier this year, insists that a human “be watchful and monitoring the road” at every moment.

二、词组｜习惯用语

on the assumption that 假设

fundamental assumption n. 基本假定

三、词根记忆

assumption

n.

假定,設想;采取;承擔;推測;假裝It is very likely that your assumption is wrong.很有可能,你的假定是錯的.

n.

假設,承擔(as+sumpt+ion)[sum,sumpt=take表示”拿,取”]

assumption

as·sump·tion / E5sQmpFn /

noun

1. [C] a belief or feeling that sth is true or that sth will happen, although there is no proof

假定；假设:

an underlying / implicit assumption

设想；含蓄的假定

We need to challenge some of the basic assumptions of Western philosophy.

我们有必要向西方哲学的某些基本假设提出质疑。

We are working on the assumption that everyone invited will turn up.

我们假定了每一个人都会应邀出席并正就此作出安排。

It was impossible to make assumptions about people’s reactions.

臆断人们的反应是不可能的。

His actions were based on a false assumption.

他的行为基于错误的设想。

2. [C, U] ~ of sth (formal) the act of taking or beginning to have power or responsibility

(责任的)承担；担任；(权力的)获得:

their assumption of power / control

他们的取得权力/控制

1 [countable] something that you think is true although you have no definite proof 假定，假设 → assume

assumption that

A lot of people make the assumption that poverty only exists in the Third World.

许多人以为贫困仅仅存在于第三世界。

My calculations were based on the assumption that house prices would remain steady.

我的估算是基于房价将保持稳定的假设。

assumption about

People make a lot of assumptions about me.

人们对我作出种种推测。

2 [uncountable] formal when someone starts to have control or power 〔控制或权力的〕取得；承担，就任

assumption of

the assumption of responsibility

承担责任，就职

1.N-COUNT 可数名词假定;假设;臆断 If you make an assumption that something is true or will happen, you accept that it is true or will happen, often without any real proof.

【搭配模式】：usu with supp

They have taken a wrong turning in their assumption that all men and women think alike…

他们错误地设想所有男女均见解一致。

Dr Subroto questioned the scientific assumption on which the global warming theory is based…

苏布罗托博士质疑全球变暖理论所依据的科学假设。

Economists are working on the assumption of an interest rate cut.

经济学家正在研究降低利率的假设。

2.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词（权力的）取得；（责任的）承担 Someone’s assumption of power or responsibility is their taking of it.

【搭配模式】：N of n

The government have retained the support which greeted their assumption of power last March.

自从在刚过去的三月掌权以来，政府的支持率依旧未减。

plural assumptions

1

[count] : something that is believed to be true or probably true but that is not known to be true : something that is assumed假定；假设：臆断

I made the assumption that he was coming, so I was surprised when he didn’t show up.

我原以为他要来，所以他没露面令我感到很意外。

He will come home tomorrow. At least, that’s my assumption.

他明天会回家。至少我是这么臆测的。

Many scientific assumptions about Mars were wrong.

很多有关火星的科学假设都是错误的。

We are operating on/under/with the assumption that the loan will be approved. [=we are assuming that the loan will be approved; we are behaving as though we know that the loan will be approved] 我们正在以这笔贷款能被批准这一假设为前提进行运作。

I’m telling you our arrival time on the assumption that you will check to see whether or not our flight is on time before you come to the airport.

我现在把我们到达的时间告诉你，前提是你来机场之前要先确认一下我们的航班是否准点。

Her plan is based on the underlying assumption that the economy will improve in the near future.

她的规划是基于经济在近期将会好转这样一个隐含假定。

2

[noncount] : the act of assuming something担任；承担: such as

a : the act of beginning a role, duty, etc.就职；任职

her assumption of the presidency

她就任主席

b : the act of taking or beginning to have power, control, etc., in a job or situation取得；获得

the assumption of control/authority

取得控制权/管辖权

c : the act of accepting a responsibility, debt, etc.（责任、债务等的）承担

the buyer’s assumption of debt

买方对债务的承担

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