形容词: assumable 副词: assumably 名词: assumer 过去式: assumed 过去分词: assumed 现在分词: assuming 第三人称单数: assumes
assume 高中必修500 全国卷频次:3 教材出处:译林版必修B2U2
v. assumes 0 assuming 0 assumed 0
So, let us assume that historical buildings are both attractive and important to the majority of people.
All we assume is that some early men invented certain sounds, in one way or another, to express thoughts and feelings, actions and things.
assume responsibility 承担责任
assume liability 承担责任
subjective assume 主观臆断
假裝;假定,設想;承擔;呈現,采取The perfume consumer presumably assumes that the volume is resumed.香水消費者假定地設想音量已恢複.
1. to think or accept that sth is true but without having proof of it
▪ [V (that)] It is reasonable to assume (that) the economy will continue to improve.
Let us assume for a moment that the plan succeeds.
She would, he assumed, be home at the usual time.
▪ [VN that] It is generally assumed that stress is caused by too much work.
▪ [VN] Don’t always assume the worst (= that sth bad has happened).
In this example we have assumed a unit price of $10.
在这个例子中我们已假定单价为 10 元。
▪ [VN to inf] I had assumed him to be a Belgian.
2. [VN] (formal) to take or begin to have power or responsibility
SYN take :
The court assumed responsibility for the girl’s welfare.
Rebel forces have assumed control of the capital.
3. [VN] (formal) to begin to have a particular quality or appearance
SYN take on :
This matter has assumed considerable importance.
In the story the god assumes the form of an eagle.
4. [VN] (formal) to pretend to have a particular feeling or quality
SYN put on :
He assumed an air of concern.
I didn’t see your car, so I assumed you’d gone out.
it seems/is reasonable to assume (that)
It seems reasonable to assume that the book was written around 70 AD.
somebody can safely assume that (=it is almost certain)
I think we can safely assume that interest rates will go up again soon.
let us/let’s assume (that) (=used when thinking about a possible event or situation and its possible results) 我们假设
Let us assume for a moment that we could indeed fire her. Should we?
assume the worst (=think that the worst possible thing has happened)
When it got to midnight and Paul was still not back, I began to assume the worst.
2 assume control/responsibility etc formal to start to have control, responsibility etc or to start in a particular position or job 开始掌管/承担责任等
Whoever they appoint will assume responsibility for all financial matters.
He assumed power in a bloody coup in 1990.
Jim Paton will assume the role of managing director.
3 assume a manner/air/expression etc formal to behave in a way that does not show how you really feel, especially in order to seem more confident, happy etc than you are 假装[装出]…的态度/样子/表情等 SYN put on
Andy assumed an air of indifference whenever her name was mentioned.
4 to start to have a particular quality or appearance 呈现出，显示出 SYN take on
These relationships assume great importance in times of crisis.
The problem is beginning to assume massive proportions.
5 to be based on the idea that something else is correct 以…为前提，预先假定 SYN presuppose
The theory assumes that both labour and capital are mobile.
Coen’s economic forecast assumes a 3.5% growth rate.
Origin assume (1500-1600) Latin assumere, from ad- “to” + sumere “to take”
1.VERB 动词假定;以为;假设 If you assume that something is true, you imagine that it is true, sometimes wrongly.
【语法信息】：be V-ed to-inf
It is a misconception to assume that the two continents are similar…
If the package is wrapped well, we assume the contents are also wonderful…
If mistakes occurred, they were assumed to be the fault of the commander on the spot…
‘Today?’ — ‘I’d assume so, yeah.’
2.VERB 动词掌管，夺取，取得（权力）；承担（责任） If someone assumes power or responsibility, they take power or responsibility.
Mr Cross will assume the role of Chief Executive with a team of four directors…
If there is no president, power will be assumed by the most extremist forces.
3.VERB 动词呈现，具有，显露（某种特质） If something assumes a particular quality, it begins to have that quality.
In his dreams, the mountains assumed enormous importance.
4.VERB 动词表现出（某种表情）；装出，做出（某种样子） If you assume a particular expression or way of behaving, you start to look or behave in this way.
He contented himself by assuming an air of superiority…
Prue assumed a placatory tone of voice.
5.PHRASE 短语See also:assuming;让我们假设；姑且假设 You can use let us assume or let’s assume when you are considering a possible situation or event, so that you can think about the consequences.
Let us assume those clubs actually win something. Then players will receive large bonuses…
Let’s assume for a moment that I am a litigant in your court.
assumes; assumed; assuming [+ object] 1
: to think that something is true or probably true without knowing that it is true假定；假设；认为
I assumed he was coming, so I was surprised when he didn’t show up.
“Is he coming?” “So I assume.” = “I assume so.”
I think we can safely assume that he’s coming. = I think it’s safe to assume that he’s coming.
She assumed from his expression that he was confused.
Let’s assume [=suppose] (that) she rejects your invitation. What will you do then? = Assuming (that) she rejects your invitation, what will you do? [=what will you do if she rejects your invitation?] 咱们假设她拒绝了你的邀请，你会怎么办？
We’ll be arriving around noon. That’s assuming that our flight is on time.
The study assumes that the problem develops after birth. [=the study does not consider the possibility that the problem may begin before birth] 这项研究假设这个问题出现在婴儿出生后。
a : to begin (a role, duty, etc.) as a job or responsibility承担；担任；就职
She assumed the presidency. = She assumed the position of president.
assume [=take] office
The king assumed the throne when he was very young.
b : to take or begin to have (power, control, etc.) in a job or situation取得（权力等）
He is ready to assume [=take] control of the organization.
: to begin to have (a particular appearance or quality)呈现，具有，显露（外观或特征）
The last game of the season assumes much greater importance now. [=it becomes much more important now] 赛季的最后一场比赛现在显得更加重要了。
Their financial problems assumed huge proportions. [=grew to be very serious] 他们的财政问题变得很严重。
The sky gradually assumed [=took on] an otherworldly glow.
Under certain conditions, the chemical will assume the appearance of ice.
a : to make yourself have (an appearance that does not show your true feelings) in order to deceive someone假装…表情；装出…样子
She immediately assumed a look of innocence. [=she had an expression on her face that made her look innocent, even though she wasn’t] 她马上装出了一副无辜的样子。
b : to place yourself in (a particular position or posture)呈现…姿势
She assumed a sitting position [=she sat down] on the floor.
: to accept (a responsibility, debt, etc.)接受，承担（责任、债务等）
When they purchased the company they had to assume [=take on] its debts.
The city assumes greater financial risk with that plan.