名词: armer 过去式: armed 过去分词: armed 现在分词: arming 第三人称单数: arms
arm 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:12
n.&v. arms 6 arms 0 arming 0 armed 2
臂，支架 & 武装；装备；备战
Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm.
He had a bag under his arm.
We walked arm in arm to his car.
Linking arms with one of the instructors, I helped carry the young man out of the water.
I threw my arms around him to give him a warm hug.
He heard over the radio that a bank in Long Island had been broken into by an armed man.
His cheerfulness armed the start of my day.
Armed with this knowledge, they’re able to carry out individually targeted campaigns to cheat people.
in arms 怀抱着的；武装起来的
on one’s arm 由(或靠)手臂支撑着
up in arms 竭力反对；进行武装斗争
at arm’s length 疏远；在手臂伸得到的地方
right arm 右臂；得力助手
with open arms 张开双臂；热情地；亲切地
on the arm [美国俚语];◎赊账，(常指后来也)不付钱地;◎免费地;
arm in arm 臂挽臂
upper arm 上臂
bear arms 携带武器；当兵
with arms 武装的
under his arm （腋下）挟着
robot arm 机械手臂；机器手
long arm 长臂
rocker arm 摇臂，摇杆
swing arm 摇动臂
control arm n. 控制杆，操作杆
arm of the law [讽刺语]执法人(如警察、法官、律师等);[讽刺语]法律的爪牙，法律之力(指司法官、律师、警察等);
take up arms v. 拿起武器
suspension arm 吊臂；弹簧吊架；悬挂臂，悬架臂
手臂,扶手,臂狀物v.武裝;配備n.武器On the far farm the army’s arms are kept warm by a swarm of bees.在遠方的農場上,陸軍的武器被一群蜜蜂保暖.
⇨ see also arms
PART OF BODY 身体部位
1. either of the two long parts that stick out from the top of the body and connect the shoulders to the hands
He escaped with only a broken arm.
She threw her arms around his neck.
The officer grabbed him by the arm (= grabbed his arm).
She touched him gently on the arm.
He held the dirty rag at arm’s length (= as far away from his body as possible).
They walked along arm in arm (= with the arm of one person linked with the arm of the other).
She cradled the child in her arms.
They fell asleep in each other’s arms (= holding each other).
He was carrying a number of files under his arm (= between his arm and his body).
He walked in with a tall blonde on his arm (= next to him and holding his arm).
OF CLOTHING 衣服
2. the part of a piece of clothing that covers the arm
OF CHAIR 椅子
3. the part of a chair, etc. on which you rest your arms
OF MACHINERY 机器
4. a long narrow part of an object or a piece of machinery, especially one that moves, for example a record player
OF WATER / LAND 水；陆地
5. a long narrow piece of water or land that is joined to a larger area
A small bridge spans the arm of the river.
OF ORGANIZATION 组织机构
6. [usually sing.] ~ (of sth) a section of a large organization that deals with one particular activity
SYN wing :
the research arm of the company
▪ cost / pay an 7arm and a ‘leg (informal) to cost / pay a lot of money
▪ keep sb at arm’s length
to avoid having a close relationship with sb
He keeps all his clients at arm’s length.
⇨ more at akimbo , babe , bear v., chance v., fold v., long adj., open adj., right adj., shot n., twist v.
1. ~ yourself / sb (with sth) to provide weapons for yourself / sb in order to fight a battle or a war
▪ [VN] The men armed themselves with sticks and stones.
(figurative) She had armed herself for the meeting with all the latest statistics.
▪ [V] The country was arming against the enemy.
⇨ see also armed
2. [VN] to make a bomb, etc. ready to explode
⇨ compare disarm
Dave has a broken arm.
He had a tattoo on his left arm.
Tim’s mother put her arms around him.
Pat was carrying a box under his arm.
He had a pile of books in his arms.
They walked along the beach arm in arm (=with their arms bent around each other’s).
take somebody by the arm (=lead someone somewhere by holding their arm) 抓住某人的胳膊
She took him by the arm and pushed him out of the door.
take somebody in your arms (=gently hold someone with your arms) 把某人拥在怀里
Gerry took Fiona in his arms and kissed her.
cross/fold your arms (=bend your arms so that they are resting on top of each other against your body) 交叉双臂
He folded his arms and leaned back in his chair.
The old lady rushed to greet him, arms outstretched.
2 WEAPONS 武器arms [plural] weapons used for fighting wars 武器
Sales of arms to the Middle East have dramatically increased.
nuclear arms 核武器
the arms trade
an arms dealer
The government is cutting arms expenditure.
The United Nations will lift its arms embargo against the country.
take up arms (against somebody) (=get weapons and fight) 拿起武器〔与某人作战〕
Boys as young as 13 are taking up arms to defend the city.
He appealed for the rebels to lay down their arms (=stop fighting).
under arms (=with weapons and ready to fight) 在备战状态中
All available forces are under arms.
→ small arms at small1(15)
3. antique_chair.jpgFURNITURE 家具 the part of a chair, sofa etc that you rest your arms on 〔椅子、沙发等的〕靠手，扶手
4. CLOTHING 衣服 the part of a piece of clothing that covers your arm 袖子 SYN sleeve
5 be up in arms to be very angry and ready to argue or fight 愤怒；强烈反对
Residents are up in arms about plans for a new road along the beach.
6 with open arms if you do something with open arms, you show that you are happy to see someone or eager to accept an idea, plan etc 热烈地，欣然
We welcomed Henry’s offer with open arms.
My new in-laws accepted me with open arms.
7 somebody would give their right arm to do something used to say that someone would be willing to do anything to get or do something because they want it very much 某人为了做某事而不惜任何代价
8. hold something at arm’s length to hold something away from your body 伸直手臂拿着某物，以一臂之距拿着某物
9 keep/hold somebody at arm’s length to avoid developing a relationship with someone 与某人保持距离
10 as long as your arm informal a list or written document that is as long as your arm is very long 〔清单或文件〕很长的
11 PART OF GROUP 团体的一部分 a part of a large group that is responsible for a particular type of activity 职能部门；分支机构
12 OBJECT/MACHINE 物体/机器 a long part of an object or piece of equipment 臂（状部件）
13. on somebody’s arm old-fashioned if a man has a woman on his arm, she is walking beside him holding his arm 挽着某人的胳膊走
14. DESIGN 设计arms [plural] a set of pictures or patterns, usually painted on a shield, that is used as the special sign of a family, town, university etc 盾徽，（盾形）纹章 SYN coat of arms
→ arms akimbo at akimbo(1), → babe in arms at babe(1), → brothers in arms at brother1(6), → cost an arm and a leg at cost2, → fold somebody in your arms at fold1(7), → twist somebody’s arm at twist1(9)
arm2 verb [transitive] 1 to provide weapons for yourself, an army, a country etc in order to prepare for a fight or a war 以武器装备，武装
2 to provide all the information, skills, or equipment you need to do something 提供；配备，装备 SYN equip
Origin arm1 1. Old English earm2. (1100-1200) Old French armes (plural), from Latin arma arm2 (1200-1300) Old French armer, from Latin armare, from arma; → ARM1
1. PART OF YOUR BODY OR OFSOMETHING ELSE 人体或其他物体的一部分
2. WEAPONS 武器
1.N-COUNT 可数名词手臂;上肢 Your arms are the two long parts of your body that are attached to your shoulders and that have your hands at the end.
She stretched her arms out…
He had a large parcel under his left arm.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词衣袖;袖子 The arm of a piece of clothing is the part of it that covers your arm.
3.N-COUNT 可数名词（椅子的）靠手，扶手 The arm of a chair is the part on which you rest your arm when you are sitting down.
4.N-COUNT 可数名词（物体的）臂，杆 An arm of an object is a long thin part of it that sticks out from the main part.
【搭配模式】：usu N of n
…the lever arm of the machine.
…the arms of the doctor’s spectacles.
5.N-COUNT 可数名词（陆地的）狭长地带;狭长港湾 An arm of land or water is a long thin area of it that is joined to a broader area.
【搭配模式】：usu N of n
At the end of the other arm of Cardigan Bay is Bardsey Island.
6.N-COUNT 可数名词分支机构；部门 An arm of an organization is a section of it that operates in a particular country or that deals with a particular activity.
Millicom Holdings is the British arm of an American company.
…the research arm of Congress.
7.PHRASE 短语臂挽臂地 If two people are walking arm in arm, they are walking together with their arms linked.
【搭配模式】：usu v PHR
He walked from the court arm in arm with his wife.
8.PHRASE 短语（价格）昂贵 If you say that something costs an arm and a leg, you mean that it is very expensive.
【搭配模式】：PHR after v
A week at a health farm can cost an arm and a leg.
9.PHRASE 短语一臂之远；在伸手可及处 If you hold something at arm’s length, you hold it away from your body with your arm straight.
【搭配模式】：usu PHR after v
He struck a match, and held it at arm’s length.
10.PHRASE 短语与…保持距离 If you keep someone at arm’s length, you avoid becoming too friendly or involved with them.
She had always kept his family at arm’s length.
11.PHRASE 短语（清单）很长 If you say that a list is as long as your arm, you are emphasizing that it is very long.
【搭配模式】：usu v-link PHR
12.PHRASE 短语热烈地;友好地 If you welcome some action or change with open arms, you are very pleased about it. If you welcome a person with open arms, you are very pleased about their arrival.
【搭配模式】：PHR after v
They would no doubt welcome the action with open arms…
Many Panamanians welcomed the troops with open arms.
13.PHRASE 短语说服 If you twist someone’s arm, you persuade them to do something.
【搭配模式】：V and N inflect
She had twisted his arm to get him to invite her.
1.N-PLURAL 复数名词武器，军火，军备（尤指炸弹和枪支） Arms are weapons, especially bombs and guns.
【搭配模式】：oft N n
The IRA had extensive supplies of arms.
2.VERB 动词武装；装备 If you arm someone with a weapon, you provide them with a weapon.
【语法信息】：V n with n
She’d been so terrified that she had armed herself with a loaded rifle…
Arming the police doesn’t deter crime.
3.VERB 动词（给…）提供，配备;支持 If you arm someone with something that will be useful in a particular situation, you provide them with it.
【语法信息】：V n with n
She thought that if she armed herself with all the knowledge she could gather she could handle anything…
Armed only with a BBC microphone, I travelled across South Africa meeting writers.
4.N-PLURAL 复数名词（城市或贵族家庭的）盾徽，（盾形）徽章，纹章（常用于英国酒馆名中） The arms of a city or of a noble family are its coat of arms. Arms is often used in the names of British pubs.
…china painted with the arms of Philippe V.
…his local pub, the Abercorn Arms.
5.See also:armed;-armed;coat of arms;comrade-in-arms;small arms;
6.PHRASE 短语（以自卫为目的）持有武器 A person’s right to bear arms is their right to own and use guns, as a means of defence.
7.PHRASE 短语放下武器;投降 If soldiers lay down their arms, they stop fighting and give up their weapons.
8.PHRASE 短语拿起武器;准备与…战斗 If one group or countrytakes up arms against another, they prepare to attack and fight them.
They threatened to take up arms against the government if their demands were not met.
9.PHRASE 短语武装起来的;处于战备状态 If a country has people under arms, it has people trained to use weapons and to fight a war.
There are nearly four million soldiers under arms in this country.
10.PHRASE 短语非常愤怒;极力反对;强烈抗议 If people are up in arms about something, they are very angry about it and are protesting strongly against it.
【搭配模式】：usu v-link PHR
Environmental groups are up in arms about plans to sink an oil well close to Hadrian’s Wall.
plural arms [count] 1
: either one of the two long body parts that join the top of your body at the shoulder and that end at the hand or wrist臂；上肢
He has big, strong, muscular arms.
She broke her left arm. = Her left arm was/got broken.
He hurt his throwing/pitching arm [=the arm that he uses to throw/pitch a ball] in the last game.
She put/threw her arms around him. [=she hugged him] 她伸出双臂拥抱了他。
She had a newspaper tucked under her arm.
He was carrying a bag of groceries in each arm.
He gave/offered his arm to her, and she took it. [=she held onto his arm] 他向她伸出了手臂，她挽住了他。
She grabbed my arm. = She grabbed me by the arm.
He was standing there with his arms crossed/folded.
She stood with her arms outstretched. = She stood with her arms wide open.
She sat cradling the baby in her arms.
I’ve known her since she was a babe in arms. [=a baby who is too young to walk and has to be held] 她还在襁褓时我就认识她了。
He took her in/into his arms [=he embraced her] and kissed her passionately.
She found him in the arms of [=being embraced by] another woman.
He showed up at the party with a young woman on his arm. [=holding his arm] 他挽着一个年轻女子出现在聚会上。
He took her (by the) arm and they walked in to dinner.
— see picture at human
: the part of a piece of clothing (such as a shirt or coat) that covers the arm : sleeve袖子
The jacket’s arms are too tight. = The jacket is too tight in the arms.
: a part of a piece of furniture (such as a chair or couch) that gives support for a person’s arm（椅子或沙发的）扶手
the arm of the sofa
— see also 1armchair
a : a long thin piece that is connected to the main part of a machine, structure, etc., and that looks or moves like a human arm（机器、仪器等的）臂，杆
the robot’s mechanical arm
the machine’s robotic arm
the arm of the record player
b : a long and narrow area of water狭长港湾
an arm of the sea
: the part of a group or organization that performs a specific job or function职能部门 — usually singular通常用单数
the organization’s political arm [=the part of the organization that deals with politics] 那个组织的政治部门
It is the most powerful arm [=division] of the organization.
the military arm of the government
US, sports : a person’s ability to throw a ball投掷能力；臂力— usually singular通常用单数
Their pitcher’s got a great arm.
a strong/weak arm
an arm and a leg informal
: a very large amount of money大笔钱财
It’s a reliable car, and it doesn’t cost an arm and a leg. [=it isn’t too expensive] 这辆车的性能可靠，并且花不了多少钱。
arm in arm
: next to each other with the arm of one person linked at the elbow to the arm of another person臂挽臂地
an elderly couple walking down the street arm in arm
a shot in the arm
— see 1shot
as long as someone’s arm
— see 1long
at arm’s length
: from a distance that is the length of a person’s arm以一臂之长；在伸手可及处
It’s best to view the painting at arm’s length.
holding a candle at arm’s length
◊ To keep someone or something at arm’s length is to avoid being very close to or friendly with someone or something.与…保持距离；避免与…过于紧密
Since going to college, he has kept his old friends at arm’s length.
They no longer trust her and are keeping her at arm’s length.
The government has kept the group at arm’s length until now.
chance your arm
— see 2chance
give your right arm
— see 1give
the long arm of the law
: the ability of the police to find and catch people who commit crimes警方追捕罪犯的能力；法网恢恢
The long arm of the law finally caught up with him [=the police caught him] 30 years later.
So far, she’s been able to escape the long arm of the law.
twist someone’s arm
— see 1twist
with open arms
: in a very kind and friendly way热烈地；友好地
We were welcomed back with open arms.
— compare 2arm
2 arm /ˈɑɚm/ noun
[count] : a gun or other weapon that is used especially in a war武器；兵器 — usually plural通常用复数
The government was selling arms to other countries.
the right of individuals to carry/bear arms [=firearms] 个人持有武器的权利
— often used before another noun常用于另一名词前
an arms agreement/deal
The United Nations lifted the arms embargo against the country.
— see also arms race, firearm, small arms
arms [plural] : coat of arms
the royal arms of Portugal
call to arms
◊ A call to arms is a request or command to become ready to fight.战斗号令
The government issued a call to arms.
◊ The phrase is also used for something that tries to make people fight for a cause.这个短语也用于号召人们为某一事业而战。
Her book is a political call to arms.
◊ If someone is your brother/sister/comrade in arms, that person has helped you fight an enemy especially in a war.战友
He and I were brothers in arms. [=we fought in a war together] 他和我曾经是战友。
lay down your arms
: to put down your weapons and stop fighting放下武器；停止战斗
The soldiers refused to lay down their arms.
— used as a command to hold your rifle so that it points straight up in front of you as a sign of respect持枪敬礼
take up arms
: to pick up weapons and become ready to fight拿起武器；准备战斗
They took up arms to defend their city.
The rebels are taking up arms against their own government.
: serving in the military服现役的
the number of Americans now under arms around the world
up in arms
: angry and ready to fight or argue强烈抗议；极力反对
Voters were up in arms over the new taxes.
— compare 1arm
3 arm /ˈɑɚm/ verb
arms; armed; arming
: to provide (yourself, a group, a country, etc.) with weapons especially in order to fight a war or battle武装；备战；装备
[+ object] They armed the men for battle.
The group of fighters was armed by a foreign government.
The two countries have been arming themselves for years, but now they have agreed to disarm.
— often + with
The government has armed its military with the best weapons.
She armed herself with a kitchen knife.
[no object] arming for battle
countries that are continuing to arm [=to produce and gather weapons] 不断加强武装的国家
— opposite disarm; see also 1armed, unarmed
[+ object] : to provide (someone) with a way of fighting, competing, or succeeding（为了战斗、竞争、成功等）提供，配备，武装
We armed ourselves with the tools we would need to survive in the forest.
They arm people with accurate information.
arming women with the right to vote
[+ object] : to make (a bomb, weapon, etc.) ready for use使（炸弹、武器等）随时爆炸；给…装上引信；准备发射
Once the bomb has been armed, we have five minutes to escape.
— opposite disarm