英 [‘ɑːɡjuː] 美 [‘ɑːrɡjuː] v. 说服；争论；辩论
名词: arguer 过去式: argued 过去分词: argued 现在分词: arguing 第三人称单数: argues
argue 高中必修500 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版必修B1U2
v. argues 3 arguing 5 argued 3
It is no use arguing with Bill because he will never change his mind.
The chances opened up by trade are vast, she argues.
Biodiversity (生物多样性), Wilson argues, is the key to settling many problems the earth faces today.
Mr. Ball argues that some of the reasons have been building for the last few years.
Owain James, the president of the National Union of Students (NUS), argued that the increase is evidence of student hardship—young people are being forced into earning money before finishing their education.
argue with 争论；和…争吵
argue about 争论；议论某事
argue for 赞成；支持；论证
argue over 辩论某事，为…争论
argue against 反对；据理反对；争辩
argue on 辩论（争论）某事
辯論,爭論vt.辯論,論證;說服,勸說They are arguing about the document of the monumental instrument.他們在辯論關於那件不朽樂器的文獻.
1. [V] ~ (with sb) (about / over sth) to speak angrily to sb because you disagree with them
My brothers are always arguing.
We’re always arguing with each other about money.
I don’t want to argue with you—just do it!
2. ~ (for / against sth) | ~ (for / against doing sth) to give reasons why you think that sth is right / wrong, true / not true, etc., especially to persuade people that you are right
▪ [V] They argued for the right to strike.
▪ [VN] She argued the case for bringing back the death penalty.
He was too tired to argue the point (= discuss the matter).
a well-argued article
▪ [V that] He argued that they needed more time to finish the project.
▪ [VN that] It could be argued that laws are made by and for men.
▪ [also V wh-] 3. [VN] (formal) to show clearly that sth exists or is true
These latest developments argue a change in government policy.
▪ 7argue the ‘toss
to continue to disagree about a decision, especially when it is too late to change it or it is not very important
▪ 7argue sb ‘into / ‘out of doing sth
to persuade sb to do / not do sth by giving them reasons
They argued him into withdrawing his complaint.
▪ ‘argue with sth (usually used in negative sentences 通常用于否定句) (informal)
to disagree with a statement
He’s a really successful man—you can’t argue with that.
1 [intransitive] to disagree with someone in words, often in an angry way 争论，争吵
We could hear the neighbours arguing.
Gallacher continued to argue with the referee throughout the game.
They were arguing about how to spend the money.
The children were arguing over which TV programme to watch.
2 [intransitive, transitive] to state, giving clear reasons, that something is true, should be done etc 论证；争辩
Croft argued that a date should be set for the withdrawal of troops.
It could be argued that a dam might actually increase the risk of flooding.
argue for/against (doing) something
Baker argued against cutting the military budget.
She argued the case for changing the law.
The researchers put forward a well-argued case for banning the drug.
They argued the point (=discussed it) for hours without reaching a conclusion.
3 argue somebody into/out of doing something British English to persuade someone to do or not do something 说服某人做某事/不做某事
Joyce argued me into buying a new jacket.
4 [transitive] formal to show that something clearly exists or is true 显示出，表明
The statement argues a change of attitude by the management.
5 argue the toss British English informal to continue to argue about a decision that has been made and cannot be changed 〔对已决定的事〕徒然反对，徒然争论
There was no point arguing the toss after the goal had been disallowed.
Origin argue (1300-1400) Old French arguer, from Latin arguere “to make clear”
1.V-RECIP 相互动词争吵;争执 If one person argues with another, they speak angrily to each other about something that they disagree about. You can also say that two people argue .
【语法信息】：V with n
【语法信息】：Also V about/over n
The committee is concerned about players’ behaviour, especially arguing with referees…
They were still arguing; I could hear them down the road.
2.VERB 动词争论；争辩 If you tell someone not to argue with you, you want them to do or believe what you say without protest or disagreement.
【语法信息】：V with n
【搭配模式】：usu imper with neg
Don’t argue with me…
The children go to bed at 10.30. No one dares argue.
3.V-RECIP 相互动词辩论；讨论 If you argue with someone about something, you discuss it with them, with each of you giving your different opinions.
【语法信息】：V with n about/over n
【语法信息】：pl-n V about/over n
【语法信息】：pl-n V n
He was arguing with the King about the need to maintain the cavalry at full strength…
They are arguing over foreign policy…
The two of them sitting in their office were arguing this point.
4.VERB 动词主张；认为 If you argue that something is true, you state it and give the reasons why you think it is true.
【语法信息】：it be V-ed that
【语法信息】：Also V with quote
His lawyers are arguing that he is unfit to stand trial…
It could be argued that the British are not aggressive enough.
5.VERB 动词支持/反对 If you argue for something, you say why you agree with it, in order to persuade people that it is right. If you argue against something, you say why you disagree with it, in order to persuade people that it is wrong.
【语法信息】：V for/against n
The report argues against tax increases…
I argued the case for an independent central bank.
6.VERB 动词论证;说理;争辩 If you argue, you support your opinions with evidence in an ordered or logical way.
I’ve argued deductively from the text…
He argued persuasively, and was full of confidence.
7.VERB 动词不承认;对…有争议 If you say that no-one can argue with a particular fact or opinion, you are emphasizing that it is obviously true and so everyone must accept it.
【语法信息】：V with n
【语法信息】：Also V that
We produced the best soccer of the tournament. Nobody would argue with that.
8. to argue the toss→see: toss;
argues; argued; arguing
a : to give reasons for or against something : to say or write things in order to change someone’s opinion about what is true, what should be done, etc.说理；争论；辩论
[no object] She argued against the proposed law.
The senator argued in favor of lowering taxes.
They argued (convincingly/persuasively) against cutting the budget.
He’s always willing to argue for what is right.
argue for better funding
[+ object] She argued that the proposed law should be defeated.
He argued that it’s far too early to make a decision.
b [+ object] : to cause (someone) to decide to do or not do something by giving reasons说服
They tried to argue their parents into getting a new car. [=to persuade their parents to get a new car] 他们努力说服父母买一辆新车。
No one can argue me out of doing this.
[no object] : to disagree or fight by using angry words : quarrel争吵；争执
Their neighbors argued (with each other) all the time.
They started arguing about/over politics/religion.
She would argue with anyone.
[no object] : to express doubt or disagreement about something提出质疑；提出反对意见 — + with
You can’t argue with her success. [=you can’t deny that she is successful] 你不能质疑她的成功。
a [no object] : to show that something is or is not necessary, appropriate, etc.表明；显示 — usually + for or against
The result argues for a new approach. [=the result shows that we need a new approach] 结果表明我们需要寻求新方法。
b [+ object] formal : to give evidence of (something)提供证据；证明
The facts argue [=indicate, show] his innocence.