副词: archly 名词: archness 过去式: arched 过去分词: arched 现在分词: arching 第三人称单数: arches
选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:0 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U2
拱门，拱形 & 成为弓形；以拱跨越
After the fire, Christopher Wren, the architect, wanted a city with wider streets and fine new houses of stone.
Many excellent Chinese architects are making great efforts to take the center stage.
arch bridge 拱形桥
arch dam 拱坝，拱形坝
aortic arch 主动脉弓；织脉弓
arch rib 拱肋
stone arch 石拱
vertebral arch 椎弓；椎体
arch support 足弓垫；护弓具；拱形支架
zygomatic arch 颧弓
triumphal arch n. 凯旋门
arch crown 拱顶
arch truss 拱形桁架
marble arch 大理石拱门（有名的伦敦标志）
round arch 半圆拱
pointed arch 尖拱；尖券
memorial arch 牌坊
circular arch 圆拱
arch over 拱悬于之上；把拱盖起来
pedicle of vertebral arch 椎弓根
arch axis 拱形轴
gothic arch 哥特式尖拱
拱門,橋拱洞v.拱起,(使)變成弓形The detective detected that the arch was under the marching Arctic architects’ protection.偵察察覺拱門受到行進的北極建築師們的保護.
arch / B:tF; NAmE B:rtF /
1. a curved structure that supports the weight of sth above it, such as a bridge or the upper part of a building
2. a structure with a curved top that is supported by straight sides, sometimes forming an entrance or built as a monument
Go through the arch and follow the path.
Marble Arch is a famous London landmark.
3. the raised part of the foot formed by a curved section of bones
4. anything that forms a curved shape at the top
the delicate arch of her eyebrows
1. if you arch part of your body, or if it arches, it moves and forms a curved shape
▪ [VN] The cat arched its back and hissed.
▪ [also V] 2. [V] to be in a curved line or shape across or over sth
Tall trees arched over the path.
[usually before noun] (often disapproving) seeming amused because you know more about a situation than other people
an arch tone of voice
• arch·ly adv.:
‘Guess what?’ she said archly.
2. a curved structure above a door, window etc 〔门、窗上的〕拱
3. a curved structure of bones in the middle of your foot 足弓，足背
4. something with a curved top and straight sides 弓状物；拱形物
arch2 verb [intransitive, transitive] to form or make something form a curved shape （使）拱起，（使）成拱形
Two rows of trees arched over the driveway.
The dog arched its back.
amused because you think you understand something better than other people 淘气的；调皮的
‘I think he’s in for a surprise, ’ Ian said, in a somewhat arch tone.
arch- /ɑːtʃ, ɑːk $ ɑːrtʃ, ɑːrk/ prefix
belonging to the highest class or rank 最高等级的；主要的
an archbishop (=an important bishop)
our archenemy (=our worst enemy)
the company’s arch-rivals (=main competitors)
Origin arch- Old French Latin arch-, archi-, from Greek, from archein “to begin, rule” arch1 (1200-1300) Old French arche, from Latin arcus; → ARC arch3 (1500-1600) arch- in such combinations as arch-rogue and arch-villain
1.N-COUNT 可数名词拱;拱门;拱形结构 An arch is a structure that is curved at the top and is supported on either side by a pillar, post, or wall.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词弧形;弧形运动 An arch is a curved line or movement.
3.N-COUNT 可数名词足弓;足背 The arch of your foot is the curved section at the bottom in the middle.
4.V-ERG 及物/不及物动词弓着,佝着（背）等 If you arch a part of your body such as your back or if it arches, you bend it so that it forms a curve.
Don’t arch your back, keep your spine straight.
5.V-ERG 及物/不及物动词（表示惊奇或不赞同）扬起（眉毛） If you arch your eyebrows or if they arch, you move them upwards as a way of showing surprise or disapproval.
‘Oh really?’ he said, arching an eyebrow.
6.VERB 动词拱起；成弓形；呈弧形运动 If something arches in a particular direction, it makes a curved line or movement.
I gazed up at the domed ceiling arching overhead.
7.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词神秘的；淘气的；调皮的 An arch look is mysterious and mischievous.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
Both of them looked at him with that curious, slightly amused and even arch expression.
She looked at me rather archly.
8.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词傲慢自大的 If you say that someone is arch, you are criticizing them for talking or behaving as if they are better or more important than other people.
Their attempts to be casual have so far just looked arch or patronising.
‘You can’t fool me,’ Shirley said archly.
plural arches [count] 1
: a usually curved part of a structure that is over an opening and that supports a wall or other weight above the opening拱；拱门
: the raised area on the bottom of the foot that is formed by a curved section of bones足弓 — see picture at foot
: something that has a curved shape拱形物
There was a slight arch to her eyebrows.
an arch in the cat’s back
2 arch /ˈɑɚtʃ/ verb
arches; arched; arching
: to bend into the shape of an arch : curve（使）成弓形
[+ object] She arched her arm/back/neck.
The cat arched its back.
She arched her eyebrows in surprise.
[no object] A tree arches over the road.
She arched backward to begin the exercise.
— arched adjective
the cat’s arched back
her arched eyebrows
3 arch /ˈɑɚtʃ/ adjective
: having or showing an amused feeling of being superior to or knowing more than other people调皮的；说教似的
an arch look
a politician known for his arch humor
The novel is never mocking or arch in its tone.
— archly adverb
an archly playful reply
an essay with an archly comic title
— archness noun [noncount]