appropriate

[ə’prəʊpriət ]     美 [ə’proʊpriət]    

adj. 适当的;相称的

vt. 占用;拨出(款项)

形容词: appropriative 副词: appropriately 名词: appropriateness 过去式: appropriated 过去分词: appropriated 现在分词: appropriating 第三人称单数: appropriates

考点牛津朗文柯林韦氏
一、真题好句
appropriate 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:1 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U1
/əˈprəʊpriət/
a.
适当的,恰当的,相称的

高考真题原句选:
Theater owner Ed Bradford said he chose the movie because it seemed appropriate.

二、词组|习惯用语
as appropriate 酌情;[拉丁语]视情况而定
appropriate time 适当时间
if appropriate 任选地;如果有的话
appropriate technology 适当的技术;适用技术
be appropriate for 适合于
appropriate authority 有关当局

三、词根记忆

appropriate
a.
適當的,恰當的v.撥給,挪用,盜用My intimate mate’s ultimate estimate approximates the appropriate value.我親密夥伴的最終估計接近恰當的值.
v.
撥款;挪用a.適當的(ap一再+propri+ate→一再擁有[公物]→挪用)[proper,propri=one’s own,表示”擁有”,引申為”恰當的”]

ap·pro·pri·ate
adjective
/ E5prEupriEt; NAmE E5prou- / ~ (for / to sth) suitable, acceptable or correct for the particular circumstances
合适的;恰当的:
an appropriate response / measure / method
恰如其分的反应;恰当的措施/方法
Now that the problem has been identified, appropriate action can be taken.
现在既已找出问题的症结,即可采取适当行动。
Jeans are not appropriate for a formal party.
正式聚会上穿牛仔裤不合适。
The book was written in a style appropriate to the age of the children.
这本书的文体适合儿童阅读。
Is now an appropriate time to make a speech?
现在发表演讲是不是时候?
Please debit my Mastercard / Visa / American Express card ( delete as appropriate).
请在我的万事达/维萨/美国运通信用卡账户中扣除(删除不适用者)。
OPP inappropriate
• ap·pro·pri·ate·ly adv.:
The government has been accused of not responding appropriately to the needs of the homeless.
政府未采取恰当的措施以应无家可归者的需要,为此已受到谴责。
The chain of volcanoes is known, appropriately enough, as the ‘Ring of Fire’.
人们把这链状火山群很恰当地称作”火环”。
• ap·pro·pri·ate·ness noun [U] verb
/ E5prEuprieit; NAmE E5prou- /
▪ [VN] (formal)
1. to take sth, sb’s ideas, etc. for your own use, especially illegally or without permission
盗用;挪用;占用;侵吞:
He was accused of appropriating club funds.
他被控盗用俱乐部资金。
Some of the opposition party’s policies have been appropriated by the government.
反对党的一些政策已被政府照搬照用。
2. ~ sth (for sth) to take or give sth, especially money for a particular purpose
拨(专款等):
Five million dollars has been appropriated for research into the disease.
已拨款五百万元用于这种疾病的研究。
⇨ compare misappropriate

appropriate1 /əˈprəʊpri-ət $ əˈproʊ-/ ●●● S2 W1 AWL adjective
correct or suitable for a particular time, situation, or purpose 恰当的;合适的 OPP inappropriate
appropriate for
clothes appropriate for a job interview
适合求职面试穿的服装
appropriate to
an education system which is more appropriate to the needs of the students
更切合学生需求的教育制度
it is appropriate (for somebody) to do something
It would not be appropriate for me to discuss that now.
现在我不宜讨论此事。
it is appropriate (that)
It seemed somehow appropriate that we should begin our journey here.
不知何故,我们从这里出发看来是合适的。
appropriate time/place etc
I didn’t feel that this was an appropriate time to mention the subject of money.
我觉得这个时候不适合提钱的问题。
highly/entirely/wholly appropriate
I thought his remark was highly appropriate, given the circumstances.
考虑到当时情况,我认为他的话很恰当。
The timing of the announcement was particularly appropriate.
通告发布的时机很合适。
Where appropriate, I delegate as much work as possible.
只要合适,我就尽量把工作分派出去。
Mark box 1 or 2, as appropriate.
把方框1和2中的合适者标出来。
I can assure you that appropriate action will be taken.
我向你保证会采取适当的行动。
► see thesaurus at suitable
—appropriately adv
The painters met, appropriately enough , in an art gallery (= used to emphasize that something is very appropriate ) .
画家们在画廊里会面,这是个很合适的地点。
appropriately dressed
穿着得体的
—appropriateness noun [uncountable] Related topics: Finance
appropriate2 /əˈprəʊprieɪt $ əˈproʊ-/ verb [transitive] formal
1  to take something for yourself when you do not have the right to do this 挪用;占用;盗用 SYN steal
He is suspected of appropriating government funds.
他被怀疑挪用政府资金。
2  to take something, especially money, to use for a particular purpose 拨〔款〕
appropriate something for something
Congress appropriated $5 million for International Women’s Year.
国会为国际妇女年拨款500万美元。
→ misappropriate
Origin appropriate2 (1400-1500) Late Latin past participle of appropriare, from Latin ad- “to” + proprius “own”

appropriate ★★★☆☆
The adjective is pronounced /ə’prəʊpriət/. The verb is pronounced /ə’prəʊprieɪt/. 形容词读作/ə’prəʊpriət/,动词读作/ə’prəʊprieɪt/。
1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词适当的;合适的;恰当的 Something that is appropriate is suitable or acceptable for a particular situation.

【搭配模式】:oft it v-link ADJ that/to-inf
It is appropriate that Irish names dominate the list…

名单上大部分是爱尔兰名字,这没什么不合适的。

Dress neatly and attractively in an outfit appropriate to the job…

着装要整洁美观,适合于这份工作。

The teacher can then take appropriate action.

老师到时可以采取适当的行动。

appropriately
Dress appropriately and ask intelligent questions…

穿着要得体,提问要机敏。

It’s entitled, appropriately enough, ‘Art for the Nation’.

它被恰如其分地取名为“为了国家的艺术”。

appropriateness
He wonders about the appropriateness of each move he makes.

他对自己的每次行动都再三思量是否合适。

2.VERB 动词私占;侵吞;盗用;挪用 If someone appropriates something which does not belong to them, they take it, usually without the right to do so.

【语法信息】:V n

【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式
Several other newspapers have appropriated the idea…

另外有几家报社已盗用了这个创意。

The land was simply appropriated by the rulers.

土地完全被统治者霸占。

3.VERB 动词拨出(专款) If a government or organization appropriates an amount of money for a particular purpose, it reserves it for that purpose.

【语法信息】:V n

【STYLE标签】:FORMAL 正式
Senator Lugar is skeptical that Congress will appropriate more funding for this purpose.

参议员卢格怀疑国会是否会拨出更多资金用于此目的。

1 appropriate /əˈproʊprijət/ adjective
[more appropriate; most appropriate] : right or suited for some purpose or situation适合的;恰当的
It’s a formal occasion and appropriate attire/dress/clothing is expected. [=you are expected to wear formal clothing] 这是正式场合,应当穿着得体。
Red wine would have been a more appropriate choice with the meal.
这顿饭本应当配红葡萄酒更为合适。
We’ll need to find an appropriate [=suitable] place to store the fuel.
我们要找一个合适的地方贮藏燃料。
Do you think the movie is appropriate for small children (to see)? = Do you think it’s appropriate for small children to see the movie?
你认为这部电影适合儿童观看吗?
The movie is perfectly/entirely appropriate to/for people of all ages.
这部电影老少咸宜。
— opposite inappropriate
— appropriately adverb
The dinner is formal, so please dress appropriately.
这是正式宴会,请着装得体。
She met her husband, appropriately enough, at a wedding.
机缘巧合,她与丈夫是在一次婚礼上相识的。
— appropriateness noun [noncount] He questioned the appropriateness of the movie for young children.
他认为这部电影少儿不宜。
2 appropriate /əˈproʊpriˌeɪt/ verb
appropriates; appropriated; appropriating [+ object] 1
: to get or save (money) for a specific use or purpose拨出(款项)供专用
The town has appropriated funds to repair the bridge and work should begin this summer.
镇政府已拨出专款修桥,施工将于今夏开始。
2
: to take or use (something) especially in a way that is illegal, unfair, etc.私占;侵吞;挪用
The economy has been weakened by corrupt officials who have appropriated the country’s resources for their own use.
经济被那些侵占国家资源为己所用的贪官们削弱了。
Elements of the design were appropriated from other architects.
这个设计的一些部分盗用了其他建筑师的成果。
The term “bad” has been appropriated by teenagers as a synonym for “good.”
*bad一词已被青少年擅自用为good的同义词。
— compare misappropriate

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