apart 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:7 教材出处:译林版选必修B1U1
分离，分别地，分离着 & 分开的
It can set up a warm conversation between two people far apart;
Both my parents were born in October, but five years apart.
apart from 远离，除…之外；且不说；缺少
fall apart 崩溃；土崩瓦解；破碎
set apart 留出…；使分离；区别
take apart 拆开；剖析；粗暴对待
come apart 破碎；崩溃；瓦解
tear apart 把……弄乱；使……分裂
torn apart 撕碎；心痛欲裂
pull apart 撕开；扯断
tell apart 区分；分辨
poles apart 截然相反；天壤之别；大相径庭
break apart 使…分裂开
apart form 除…之外
drift apart 漂离，疏远；各奔东西
quite apart from 更何况
keep apart 分离
live apart 分开居住
put apart 留出；留开；拨开
joking apart 言归正传；说正经的
set apart from 使分离
ad.分離,離開,隔開a.分離的,分隔的My jacket is coming apart at the seams.我的夾克的接縫處裂開了.
1. separated by a distance, of space or time
The ten houses stood 500 metres apart.
两座房子相距 500 米。
Their birthdays are only seven days apart.
(figurative) The ten sides in the talks are still a long way apart (= are far from reaching an agreement).
2. not together; separate or separately
We’re living apart now.
Over the years, Rosie and I had drifted apart.
She keeps herself apart from other people.
I can’t tell the twins apart (= see the difference between them).
3. into pieces
The whole thing just came apart in my hands.
We had to take the engine apart.
When his wife died, his world fell apart.
4. used to say that sb / sth is not included in what you are talking about
Colin apart, not six of them seems suitable for the job.
⇨ see joke v., pole n., rip v., world
1 NOT CLOSE/TOUCHING 不靠近/接触 if things are apart, they are not close to each other or touching each other 〔空间〕分开（的），相距（的），相隔（的）
two miles/six feet etc apart
Place the two posts 6 metres apart.
They have offices in countries as far apart as India and Peru.
The police try to keep rival supporters apart at all matches.
A couple of men started fighting and we had to pull them apart.
Joel stood apart from the group, frowning.
2 IN DIFFERENT PIECES 散开；碎开 if something comes apart, or you take it apart, it is separated into different pieces 成零碎（的）
The whole thing comes apart so that you can clean it.
They took the engine apart to see what was wrong.
3 SEPARATE 分开 if you keep things apart, you keep them separate from each other 分开（的）
I try to keep my work and private life as far apart as possible.
4 NOT AT SAME TIME 不在同一时间 if things are a particular time apart, they do not happen at the same time but have that much time between them 〔时间〕相隔（的），相距（的）
two days/three weeks/five years etc apart
Our birthdays are exactly a month apart.
5 PEOPLE 人们 if people are apart, they are not together in the same place, or not having a relationship with each other 分离（的），分开（的）
The children have never been apart before.
My wife and I are living apart at the moment.
He’s never been apart from his mother.
6 fall apart
a) if something falls apart, it breaks into different pieces 破碎
It just fell apart in my hands!
b) if something is falling apart, it is in very bad condition 破旧不堪
He drives around in an old car that’s falling apart.
c) if something falls apart, it fails completely 破裂；崩溃
He lost his job and his marriage fell apart.
The country’s economy is in danger of falling apart.
7 fall apart phrasal verb → fall
8 be torn apart if a marriage, family etc is torn apart, it can no longer continue because of serious difficulties 〔婚姻、家庭等〕被摧毁
9 be worlds/poles apart if people, beliefs, or ideas are worlds or poles apart, they are completely different from each other 完全不同，截然相反
10 grow/drift apart if people drift or grow apart, their relationship slowly becomes less close 逐渐疏远
11 joking apart used to say that you want to say something seriously 说正经的，不开玩笑
12 somebody/something apart except for someone or something 某人/某事物除外
13 set somebody/something apart to make someone or something different from other people or things 使某人/某物与众不同
Origin apart (1300-1400) Old French a part “to the side”
1. POSITIONS AND STATES 位置;状态
2. INDICATING EXCEPTIONS AND FOCUSING 例外;注意
In addition to the uses shown below, apart is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘grow apart’ and ‘take apart’.
除下列用法外，apart还可用于grow apart, take apart等短语动词中。
1.ADV 副词（在空间上）相隔，相距 When people or things are apart, they are some distance from each other.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
He was standing a bit apart from the rest of us, watching us…
She saw Sheila standing some distance apart…
Ray and sister Renee lived just 25 miles apart from each other.
…regions that were too far apart to have any way of knowing about each other…
He was standing, feet apart.
2.ADV 副词往不同方向；分开 If two people or things move apart or are pulled apart, they move away from each other.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
John and Isabelle moved apart, back into the sun…
He tried in vain to keep the two dogs apart before the neighbour intervened.
3.ADV 副词分手；分离 If two people are apart, they are no longer living together or spending time together, either permanently or just for a short time.
It was the first time Jane and I had been apart for more than a few days…
Mum and Dad live apart.
4.ADV 副词成零碎;散开 If you take something apart, you separate it into the pieces that it is made of. If it comes or falls apart, its parts separate from each other.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
When the clock stopped he took it apart to find out what was wrong…
Many school buildings are unsafe, and some are falling apart.
5.ADV 副词垮掉；分裂；解体 If something such as an organization or relationship falls apart, or if something tears it apart, it can no longer continue because it has serious difficulties.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
Any manager knows that his company will start falling apart if his attention wanders…
Her marriage to film producer Michael Greenburg fell apart.
6.ADV 副词与众不同地；独特地 If something sets someone or something apart, it makes them different from other people or things.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
What really sets Mr Thaksin apart is that he comes from northern Thailand…
Health spending tends to rise disproportionately as countries become richer; but even adjusting for this, America is a case apart.
7.ADJ 形容词意见不一致的；有分歧的 If people or groups are a long way apart on a particular topic or issue, they have completely different views and disagree about it.
【搭配模式】：v-link amount ADJ
Officials say they’re so far apart on such a wide range of issues there’s no telling how long the talks could drag on…
Their concept of a performance and our concept were miles apart.
8.PHRASE 短语区分;分辨 If you can’t tell two people or things apart, they look exactly the same to you.
I can still only tell Mark and Dave apart by the colour of their shoes!
Free range and battery eggs, boiled for four minutes, were hard to tell apart.
1.ADV 副词除了…外（别无） You use apart from when you are making an exception to a general statement.
The room was empty apart from one man seated beside the fire…
She was the only British competitor apart from Richard Meade.
2.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词除…之外（表示例外） You use apart when you are making an exception to a general statement.
This was, New York apart, the first American city I had ever been in where people actually lived downtown.
3.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词除…外（尚有）；此外 You use apart from to indicate that you are aware of one aspect of a situation, but that you are going to focus on another aspect.
Illiteracy threatens Britain’s industrial performance. But, quite apart from that, the individual who can’t read or write is unlikely to get a job…
There was always something to look forward to, apart from Rachel’s visits.
4.ADV 副词除…以外（尚有）;此外 You use apart to indicate that you are aware of one aspect of a situation, but that you are going to focus on another aspect.
That argument apart, it is for the Germans themselves to work out how their forces should come together.
: separated by an amount of space（空间上）相隔，相距
He stood with his feet planted far/wide apart.
with legs apart
They live five miles apart (from each other).
The garage stands apart from the house. [=the garage is separate from the house] 车库和房子是分开的。
He stood apart while the other members of the team celebrated.
They started fighting and it took four people to pull them apart (from each other). [=to separate them] 他们打了起来，上去四个人才把他们拉开。
— often used figuratively常用作比喻
She tried to keep apart from [=to stay out of] family arguments.
She has a quality that sets her apart from other singers. [=that makes her different from other singers] 她有与其他歌手截然不同的特色。
They were close friends once, but they have drifted/grown apart. [=they are no longer close friends] 他们曾是亲密的朋友，但如今已疏远了。
They are far apart on most issues. = They are worlds/poles apart on most issues. [=they disagree very much on most issues] 在大多数问题上，他们的看法都相去甚远。
The neighborhood she lives in now is a world apart from [=is completely different from] the small town where she grew up.
: separated by an amount of time（时间上）相隔，相距
Their children were born two years apart.
: not together分开；分离
My wife and I are unhappy when we’re apart.
They separated and have been living apart for the past year.
: into parts or pieces拆开；分开；成碎片
He took the clock apart.
The old couch is falling apart. = The old couch is coming apart at the seams.
— used to say that something is not included in a statement that follows…除外
A few minor flaws apart [=aside], the novel is excellent. [=except for a few minor flaws, the novel is excellent] 除了有些小瑕疵，这本小说还是很棒的。
: not including (something) : with the exception of (something)除…以外
The potatoes were a little salty, but apart from [=except for] that, the food was very good.
: other than (something) : besides此外；而且；除了…还
Apart from his work, his only real interest is baseball.
The work has value in itself, quite apart from the good effects it produces.
I don’t like it. Apart from anything else, it’s too expensive.
: separately from (something)与…分开
This problem needs to be considered apart from the other issues.
2 apart /əˈpɑɚt/ adjective
not used before a noun
: separate or different from others分开；与众不同
in a place apart
a man apart
Those athletes are a breed apart. [=they are not like other people; they are a special type of people] 那些运动员与众不同。
— apartness noun [noncount]