alone 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:35
单独的，孤独的 & 独自地
Let alone scoring that many points.
I was alone on the road by now.
We didn’t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it.
A new report found 46 percent of meals are eaten alone in America.
Why don’t you just mind your own business and leave me alone?
let alone 更不必说；听任；不打扰
all alone 独立地，独自地
stand alone 孤立；独一无二
alone with 与…一起
live alone 独自生活；一个人住；单独居住
left alone 不干涉，不管；放开
feel alone 感到孤单
go it alone 单干；独自过活
go alone 一个人去；独自去
travel alone 单独一人旅游
leave alone 不打扰；不干涉；不管；不理
alone with her 与她在一起（电影名称）
單獨的,孤獨的ad.單獨地,獨自地;僅僅Once none of you is here, the man in throne will live alone in the lonely zone.一旦你們沒有人在此,王位上的人就要孤獨地生活在這個孤寂的地帶.
[not before noun] adv.
1. without any other people
I don’t like going out alone at night.
He lives alone.
Finally the two of us were alone together.
She was sitting all alone in the hall.
Tom is not alone in finding Rick hard to work with.
2. without the help of other people or things
It’s hard bringing up children alone.
The assassin said he had acted alone.
3. lonely and unhappy or without any friends
Carol felt all alone in the world.
I’ve been so alone since you went away.
4. used after a noun or pronoun to show that the person or thing mentioned is the only one
You can’t blame anyone else; you alone made the decision.
5. used after a noun or pronoun to emphasize one particular thing
The shoes alone cost £200.
仅鞋子一项就花了 200 英镑。
▪ go it a’lone
to do sth without help from anyone
Andrew decided to go it alone and start his own business.
▪ leave / let sb alone
to stop annoying sb or trying to get their attention
She’s asked to be left alone but the press photographers follow her everywhere.
▪ leave / let sth alone
to stop touching, changing, or moving sth
I’ve told you before—leave my things alone!
▪ let alone
used after a statement to emphasize that because the first thing is not true or possible, the next thing cannot be true or possible either
There isn’t enough room for us, let alone any guests.
▪ stand a’lone
1. to be independent or not connected with other people, organizations or ideas
These islands are too small to stand alone as independent states.
2. to be not near other objects or buildings
The arch once stood alone at the entrance to the castle.
⇨ more at time n.
1 if you are alone in a place, there is no one with you 单独，独自 SYN by yourself
She lives alone.
You shouldn’t leave a child alone in the house.
My wife and I like to spend time alone together away from the kids.
2 without any friends or people you know 孤身一人的，无伴的
It was scary being all alone in a strange city.
She was all alone in the world (=she had no family or friends to help her or look after her).
3 feeling unhappy and lonely 孤独的，寂寞的
I cried like a child because I felt so alone.
4 without any help from other people 独力，单独
He was left to raise their two children alone.
5 without including anything else 仅仅，单，只
The case will cost thousands of pounds in legal fees alone.
6 you/he etc alone used to emphasize that there is only one person who knows, can do something etc 只有你/他等
Julie alone knew the truth.
7 go it alone to start working or living on your own, especially after working or living with other people 单独行动，独自干；独立出去生活
After years of working for a big company I decided to go it alone.
8 leave somebody alone (also let somebody alone old-fashioned) to stop annoying or interrupting someone 不打扰某人，不去烦某人
‘Leave me alone!’ she screamed.
9 leave something alone (also let something alone old-fashioned) to stop touching an object or changing something 不要碰某物；不改变某事物
Leave those cakes alone. They’re for the guests.
leave well (enough) alone (=not change something that is satisfactory) 维持令人满意的现状
In economic matters, they should leave well alone.
10 be yours/hers/his etc alone used to emphasize that something belongs to someone 是你/她/他等一个人的〔用于强调〕
The responsibility is yours and yours alone.
11 not be alone in (doing) something to not be the only person to do something 并不只是…一个人做某事
You’re not alone in feeling upset, believe me.
12 stand alone
a) to be strong and independent 坚强独立
the courage to stand alone
b) to be at a distance from other objects or buildings 孤立，独处
The house stood alone at the end of the road.
Origin alone (1200-1300) all one “wholly one”
1.ADJ 形容词独自的 When you are alone, you are not with any other people.
There is nothing so fearful as to be alone in a combat situation…
He was all alone in the middle of the hall.
Alone is also an adverb.
She has lived alone in this house for almost five years now…
He was sitting alone at a table in a wine bar, smoking a big cigar.
2.ADJ 形容词单独的（无其他人在场的） If one person is alone with another person, or if two or more people are alone, they are together, without anyone else present.
I couldn’t imagine why he would want to be alone with me…
My brother and I were alone with Vincent.
3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词孤苦伶仃的;无依无靠的；孤单的 If you say that you are alone or feel alone, you mean that nobody who is with you, or nobody at all, cares about you.
Never in her life had she felt so alone, so abandoned…
He found himself alone in a hostile world.
4.ADV 副词仅仅;只 You say that one person or thing alone does something when you are emphasizing that only one person or thing is involved.
You alone should determine what is right for you…
They were convicted on forensic evidence alone.
5.ADV 副词单单（强调部分或整体的数量） If you say that one person or thing alone is responsible for part of an amount, you are emphasizing the size of that part and the size of the total amount.
The BBC alone is sending 300 technicians, directors and commentators…
Megastars like Jack Nicholson, who made $500 million from Batman alone, are unlikely to be affected.
6.ADJ 形容词唯一的 If someone is alone in doing something, they are the only person doing it, and so are different from other people.
Newcastle is far from alone. Colleges around the country have developed programmes of student support…
Am I alone in thinking that this scandal should finish his career?
Alone is also an adverb.
Alone among the major candidates, Gaviria expressed a determination to continue the campaign to defeat the drugs cartels…
I alone was sane, I thought, in a world of crazy people.
7.ADV 副词独力;单独 When someone does something alone, they do it without help from other people.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
Bringing up a child alone should give you a sense of achievement…
He was working alone and did not have an accomplice.
8.PHRASE 短语单独行动;独自干 If you go it alone, you do something without any help from other people.
I missed the stimulation of working with others when I tried to go it alone.
9. to leave someone or something alone→see: leave; let alone→see: let;
not used before a noun
a : without anyone or anything else : not involving or including anyone or anything else : separate from other people or things独自；单独
I was all alone [=by myself] in the office yesterday.
This wine goes well with food, but is also very good alone.
I got him alone and asked him what had really happened.
She lived alone for many years.
She doesn’t mind being alone because she never feels lonely/lonesome.
He was alone with his thoughts.
b : without people that you know or that usually are with you无人陪伴；单独；独自
This is the first time the couple has been out alone together since the birth of their child. [=the first time they have gone somewhere without their child] 自从他们的孩子出生后，这是这对夫妇第一次单独外出。
He traveled alone [=by himself] to visit his grandparents when he was only seven.
She was nervous about being (all) alone in the city when she started her new job.
◊ If you are not alone when you do something, you are not the only person who is doing it.并不孤单的；并非唯一的
She’s worried about losing her job, and she’s not alone. [=other people are also worried about losing their jobs] 她担心会丢掉工作，不过不是只有她一个人担心。
He was not alone in calling for reform. Many people were demanding changes.
[more alone; most alone] : feeling unhappy because of being separated from other people孤单；寂寞
He felt very alone when he went away to school.
2 alone /əˈloʊn/ adverb
: without help from anyone or anything else独立地；独自地
She raised six children alone. [=on her own, by herself] 她独自抚养了六个孩子。
The police believe the criminal acted alone.
Medication alone [=by itself] won’t relieve the symptoms entirely.
: without another仅仅；单独地；只— used for emphasis用于强调
The proof rests on one witness’s statement alone.
You alone [=only you] can decide what needs to be done. [=you are the only one who can decide] 只有你能决定做什么。
You alone are responsible. = The responsibility is yours alone.
The blame is mine and mine alone. [=I am the only one who should be blamed] 责任都在我一个人身上。
: without including or needing anything more只；只是；单凭
You can’t rely on your looks alone [=you can’t rely just on your looks]; you’ll need to work very hard.
The price alone is enough to discourage people.
The special effects alone make the movie worth seeing.
go it alone
: to do something by yourself单干；独自干
If no one’s willing to help me, I guess I’ll just have to go it alone.
leave (someone or something) alone
— see 1leave
leave well enough alone
— see 1leave
— see 1let
— see 1stand