过去式: aired 过去分词: aired 现在分词: airing 第三人称单数: airs
air 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:59
空气，大气 & 通风
To enjoy the scenery, Irene would rather spend long hours on the train than travel by air.
The morning air is so good to breathe.
Gone was my father’s critical air and strict rules.
Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain.
It flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and burns 5 gallons per hour in the air.
A Toronto man is offering a free round-the-world air ticket to the right woman.
It has seats in the open air.
She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her.
Dad carried the pot out and we opened doors and windows to air out the house.
in the air 在空中；悬而未决；在流传中；不设防
air conditioning 空调；空气调节
air pollution 大气污染，空气污染
by air 乘飞机；通过航空途径
air ticket 机票
fresh air 新鲜空气
air force 空军
air conditioner n. 空调设备；空气调节机
air flow 气流；空气流量；空气流向
air temperature 气温，空气温度
hot air 吹牛；大话
air pressure 气压；风压
air compressor 空气压缩机
on the air 在广播，广播中
compressed air 压缩空气
air transport 航空运输
air condition 空调，空气调节设备
on air （无线电）广播的；送风期
air defense n. 防空
air traffic 空中交通，航空运输；飞航
空氣;(複數)神氣vt.(使)通風;晾幹Birds fly high in the air.鳥在高空中飛翔.
1. [U] the mixture of gases that surrounds the earth and that we breathe
Let’s go out for some fresh air.
I need to put some air in my tyres.
currents of warm air
⇨ note at outside
2. [U] (usually the air) the space above the ground or that is around things
I kicked the ball high in / into the air.
Spicy smells wafted through the air.
Music filled the night air.
⇨ see also open air
FOR PLANES 飞机
3. [U] the space above the earth where planes fly
It only takes three hours by air (= in a plane).
air travel / traffic
The temple was clearly visible from the air.
A surprise air attack (= from aircraft) was launched at night.
4. [sing.] the particular feeling or impression that is given by sb / sth; the way sb does sth
The room had an air of luxury.
She looked at him with a defiant air.
5. [C] (old-fashioned) (often used in the title of a piece of music 常用于乐曲名) a tune
Bach’s Air on a G string
巴赫的 G 弦上的曲调
6. airs [pl.] (disapproving) a way of behaving that shows that sb thinks that they are more important, etc. than they really are
I hate the way she puts on airs.
▪ 7airs and ‘graces
a way of behaving that shows that sb thinks that they are more important, etc. than they really are
▪ float / walk on ‘air
to feel very happy
▪ in the ‘air
felt by a number of people to exist or to be happening
There’s romance in the air.
▪ 7on / 7off (the) ‘air
broadcasting or not broadcasting on television or radio
We will be back on air tomorrow morning at 7.
明天早上 7 点本节目重新开播。
The programme was taken off the air over the summer.
▪ up in the ‘air
not yet decided
Our travel plans are still up in the air.
⇨ more at breath , castle , clear v., nose n., pluck v., thin adj.
1. (especially BrE) to put clothing, etc. in a place that is warm or has plenty of air so that it dries completely and smells fresh; to be left to dry somewhere
▪ [VN] Air the sheets well.
▪ [V] Leave the towels out to air.
A ROOM 房间
2. (BrE) (NAmE 7air (sth) ‘out) to allow fresh air into a room or a building; to be filled with fresh air
▪ [VN] The rooms had all been cleaned and aired.
▪ [also V] OPINIONS 意见
3. [VN] to express your opinions publicly
SYN voice :
The weekly meeting enables employees to air their grievances.
RADIO / TV PROGRAMME 广播/电视节目
4. (especially NAmE) to broadcast a programme on the radio or on television; to be broadcast
▪ [VN] The show will be aired next Tuesday night.
▪ [V] The program aired last week.
▪ 7air ‘out | 7air sth ↔ ‘out (NAmE) = air v. (2)
1 GAS 气体 [uncountable] the mixture of gases around the Earth, that we breathe 空气
Let’s go outside and get some fresh air.
You need to put some air in the tyres.
in the air
There was a strong smell of burning in the air.
→ a breath of fresh air at breath(2)
2 SPACE ABOVE THE GROUND 空中the air the space above the ground or around things 空中，天空
into the air
Flames leapt into the air.
through the air
He fell 2,000 metres through the air without a parachute.
3 PLANES 飞机
a) by air travelling by, or using, a plane 乘飞机
I’d prefer to travel by air.
b) relating to or involving planes 航空
the victims of Britain’s worst air disaster
Air travel was growing rapidly.
air traffic congestion
His brother died in an air crash.
4 be in the air
a) if a feeling is in the air, a lot of people feel it at the same time 〔某种情绪〕弥漫在空气中
There was a sense of excitement in the air.
b) to be going to happen very soon 即将发生
Change is in the air.
5 APPEARANCE 外表 [singular] if something or someone has an air of confidence, mystery etc, they seem confident, mysterious etc 神态；样子；风度；气氛
She had an air of quiet confidence.
She looked at him with a determined air.
6 be up in the air if something is up in the air, no decision has been made about it yet 悬而未决
Our trip is still very much up in the air.
7 be on/off (the) air to be broadcasting on the radio or television at the present moment, or to stop broadcasting 正在广播[播放]/停止广播[播放] We’ll be on air in three minutes.
8. MUSIC 音乐 [countable] a simple tune, often used in the title of a piece of classical music 曲调，旋律〔常用于古典乐曲名中〕
9 airs [plural] a way of behaving that shows someone thinks they are more important than they really are 装腔作势，摆架子
put on airs/give yourself airs
Trudy is always putting on airs.
an actor with no airs and graces
10. be walking/floating on air to feel very happy 欢天喜地→ hot air, on-air, → clear the air at clear2(15), → disappear/vanish into thin air at thin1(15), → out of thin air at thin1(16)
air2 ●○○ verb
1 OPINION 观点 [transitive] to express your opinions publicly 公开发表〔看法〕
2 TV/RADIO 电视/无线电 [intransitive, transitive] to broadcast a programme on television or radio 播放，广播
3. ROOM 房间 [transitive] especially British English, air something out American English to let fresh air into a room, especially one that has been closed for a long time 使通风
4 CLOTHES 衣服 [intransitive, transitive] especially British English, air (something) out American English to put a piece of clothing in a place that is warm or has a lot of air, so that it smells clean （把…）透风；晾干→ airing, → air your dirty laundry at dirty1(7)
Origin air1 1. (1200-1300) Old French Latin aer, from Greek2. (1500-1600) Probably a translation of Italian aria; → ARIA
1.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词空气；大气 Air is the mixture of gases which forms the earth’s atmosphere and which we breathe.
Draughts help to circulate air…
Keith opened the window and leaned out into the cold air.
…water and air pollutants.
2.N-SING 单数名词天空；空中；空间 The air is the space around things or above the ground.
Government troops broke up the protest by firing their guns in the air…
People’s cigarette smoke seemed to hang in the air.
3.N-UNCOUNT 不可数名词空运；航空 Air is used to refer to travel in aircraft.
【搭配模式】：usu N n
Air travel will continue to grow at about 6% per year…
Casualties had to be brought to hospital by air.
4.N-COUNT 可数名词（简单易记的）曲调，旋律 An air is a simple tune which can be easily recognized and remembered.
【搭配模式】：usu with supp
5.N-SING 单数名词神态;感觉;总体印象;氛围 If you say that someone or something has a particular air, you mean that they give this general impression.
Jennifer regarded him with an air of amusement…
The meal gave the occasion an almost festive air.
6.N-PLURAL 复数名词矫揉造作；装腔作势；做作 If you say that someone is putting on airs or giving themselves airs, you are criticizing them for behaving as if they are better than other people.
We’re poor and we never put on airs.
7.VERB 动词（通过电视或无线电）播送，播放 If a broadcasting company airs a television or radio programme, they show it on television or broadcast it on the radio.
【语域标签】：mainly AM 主美
Tonight PBS will air a documentary called ‘Democracy In Action’.
…the airing of offensive material.
8.VERB 动词使公开；宣扬 If you air your opinions, you make them known to people.
They sat for more than six hours, and both sides agreed they had aired all their differences…
The whole issue was thoroughly aired at the meeting.
While we’re able to broach the subject of sex, money rarely gets an airing.
9.VERB 动词使通风 If you air a room or building, you let fresh air into it.
One day a week her mother systematically cleaned and aired each room.
Open all the windows of the bedroom and give it a good airing.
10.VERB 动词烘干（衣物、被褥） If you air clothing or bedding, you put it somewhere warm to make sure that it is completely dry.
When the shirts were clean, I ironed them myself, aired them and placed them in drawers in his room.
11.PHRASE 短语消除分歧;解决问题 If you do something to clear the air, you do it in order to resolve any problems or disagreements that there might be.
…an inquiry just to clear the air and settle the facts of the case.
12.PHRASE 短语大模大样;摆架子;装腔作势 If you refer to someone’s airs and graces, you mean that they behave in a way that shows that they think they are more important than other people.
The old cliché of the customer being always right is what gives them airs and graces.
13.PHRASE 短语可感觉到;可被意识到 If something is in the air it is felt to be present, but it is not talked about.
There was great excitement in the air…
She walked away and left the question hanging in the air.
14.PHRASE 短语播送（广播、电视节目）；（广播、电视节目）播放/停止播放 If someone is on the air, they are broadcasting on radio or television. If a programme is on the air, it is being broadcast on radio or television. If it is off the air, it is not being broadcast.
She is going on the air as presenter of a new show…
Rockwell hopes the program can be on the air within a year…
This message did not reach me until after the programme went off the air.
15.PHRASE 短语（消失得）无影无踪/突然神秘地（出现） If someone or something disappears into thin air, they disappear completely. If someone or something appears out of thin air, they appear suddenly and mysteriously.
【搭配模式】：PHR after v
‘But where could they have gone?’ he demanded. ‘They can’t just vanish into thin air!’…
He had materialized out of thin air; I had not seen or heard him coming.
16.PHRASE 短语悬而未决；未决定 If you say that a decision or a situation is up in the air, you mean that it has not yet been completely settled or planned.
He told reporters today that the president’s trip to Moscow is up in the air.
17.PHRASE 短语非常高兴；兴高采烈 If you say that you are walking on air or floating on air, you mean that you feel extremely happy about something.
As soon as I know I’m in the team it’s like I’m walking on air.
[noncount] a : the invisible mixture of gases (such as nitrogen and oxygen) that surrounds the Earth and that people and animals breathe空气
These laws are meant to produce cleaner air.
A delicious smell filled the air.
I like to dine outdoors in the open air.
a sudden gust of air [=wind] 突然刮起的一阵狂风
the hot summer air
He can’t breathe! Everybody move back and give him some air!
High in the mountains the air is thin and it can be hard to breathe.
He pumped air into the bicycle tire.
My keys seem to have vanished/disappeared into thin air. [=to have vanished in a very sudden and mysterious way] 我的钥匙似乎是不翼而飞了。
He seemed to appear out of thin air. [=in a very sudden and mysterious way] 他仿佛突然间凭空出现了。
— see also a breath of fresh air at breath
b : the space or sky that is filled with air天空，空中
land, water, and air
The city is wonderful seen from the air.
the fish of the sea and the birds of the air
The balloon rose up into the air and then floated through/in the air.
There has been heavy fighting on the ground and in the air.
[noncount] : methods of travel that involve flying飞行；航空
travel by air [=by flying in airplanes] 乘飞机旅行
— often used before another noun常用于另一名词前
an air attack
[singular] : a quality that a person or thing has神态；样子；印象
a dignified air
— often + of
an air of dignity
The new furniture has given the hotel an air of luxury.
He has an air of mystery about him. [=he has a mysterious quality] 他身上带有一种神秘感。
[count] old-fashioned : a song or tune歌曲；曲调
a pleasing air
[noncount] US : air-conditioning
a house with central air
clear the air
: to talk about problems, feelings, etc., in order to reach agreement or understanding消除误会；澄清事实
They cleared the air (between them) by discussing their differences.
floating on air or walking on air
: feeling very happy欣喜若狂；得意扬扬
After he won the election, he was walking on air.
give yourself airs or put on airs
: to act in a way that shows you think you are better than other people摆架子；态度傲慢
Some of her old friends have accused her of putting on airs since she became wealthy.
She’s very rich, but she doesn’t give herself airs.
◊ In British English, the phrase airs and graces describes an overly superior or proud way of behaving.自以为是；傲慢无礼
She’s very rich, but she doesn’t give herself any airs and graces. = She doesn’t have any airs and graces. = She doesn’t put on any airs and graces.
hang in the air
— see hang in at 1hang
in the air
: felt or sensed by many people被意识到，被感觉到
There was a great sense of anticipation in the air as game time approached.
: expected to happen soon即将发生
Many changes are in the air.
nose in the air
— see 1nose
off the air of a radio or television station, program, etc.
: not being broadcast（电台、电视台、节目等）停播
The station is now off the air.
They took him off the air because of his extreme views.
It was my favorite show, but it went off the air [=stopped being broadcast] last year.
on the air of a radio or television station, program, etc. also on air
: being broadcast（电台、电视台、节目等）正在广播，正在播出
The interview will be on the air tomorrow. [=the interview will air tomorrow; the interview will be broadcast tomorrow] 这次采访将在明天播出。
an interview being shown on air
a show that first came/went on the air [=started being broadcast] five years ago
The President went on the air to defend his policies.
up in the air
: not yet settled or decided（计划或问题等）悬而未定
Our vacation plans are still up in the air.
— airless /ˈeɚləs/ adjective
a hot, airless room
2 air /ˈeɚ/ verb
airs; aired; airing
a : to place something in an open area where there is a lot of moving air to make it cool, dry, or clean晾（衣物）
[+ object] air a blanket
air damp clothing
[no object] The blankets were left outside to air.
b : to allow air from the outside to enter something (such as a room) so that it becomes fresher or cleaner（使）透风，通风
[+ object] She opened the windows to air the room.
— usually + out in U.S. English在美国英语中通常与out连用
She opened the windows to air out the room.
air out a closet
[no object] — usually + out in U.S. English在美国英语中通常与out连用
She opened the windows to let the room air out.
[+ object] : to make (something) known in public : to state (something) publicly公开表达
The company had a meeting so that employees could air their complaints/grievances.
publicly airing their differences
Let’s not air our dirty laundry [=discuss our problems, make our problems known] in public.
: to broadcast something on radio or television（广播、电视）播放，播出
[+ object] air a program
The interview will be aired tomorrow.
[no object] The program airs daily.
The interview will air tomorrow.