过去式: aimed 过去分词: aimed 现在分词: aiming 第三人称单数: aims
aim 高中必修500 全国卷频次:12 教材出处:译林版必修B1U1
n.&v. aims 1 aims 2 aiming 2 aimed 4
目的；瞄准 & 以…为目标；瞄准；打算；针对；旨在
Elizabeth Blackwell’s aim was to enter a medical college.
Human beings are able to do one thing continuously and with a definite aim.
Earlier this year, the China Through A Looking Glass exhibition in New York exhibited 140 pieces of China-inspired fashionable clothing alongside Chinese works of art, with the aim of exploring the influence of Chinese aesthetics (美学) on Western fashion.
The Youth Summit was aimed at increasing understanding and friendship between young students of the two countries through visits and discussions.
“Our parties are aimed for children 2 to 10”, Anaclerio said.
Horses help us achieve many of our aims.
Most businesses seek to make a profit— that is, they aim to achieve income that is more than the costs of operating the business.
aim of 旨在；瞄准；致力于…
aim at v. 针对；瞄准；目的在于
aim for 瞄准；以…为目标
aim high 胸怀大志，力争上游；向高处瞄准
take aim 瞄准
take aim at 瞄准；盯着；注意到；以…为目标
aim low ◎向低处瞄准(尤指拳击比赛中不道德的打法);◎志向不高;
cry aim 喝彩助威；予以鼓励
aim at doing sth 目的是做…
目的;瞄准vi.(at)目的在於vt.把…瞄准The man proclaimed in exclamation that he aimed to reclaim the aimless claim.那個人呼喊著聲明說他打算索回無目標的索賠.
1. [C] the purpose of doing sth; what sb is trying to achieve
the aims of the lesson
She went to London with the aim of finding a job.
Our main aim is to increase sales in Europe.
Bob’s one aim in life is to earn a lot of money.
Teamwork is required in order to achieve these aims.
She set out the company’s aims and objectives in her speech.
⇨ note at purpose
2. [U] the action or skill of pointing a weapon at sb / sth
Her aim was good and she hit the lion with her first shot.
The gunman took aim (= pointed his weapon) and fired.
▪ take ‘aim at sb / sth
to direct your criticism at sb / sth
1. ~ (at doing sth) | ~ (at / for sth) to try or plan to achieve sth
▪ [V] The government is aiming at a 50% reduction in unemployment.
政府正力争减少 50% 的失业人数。
They’re aiming at training everybody by the end of the year.
We should aim for a bigger share of the market.
He has always aimed high (= tried to achieve a lot).
▪ [V to inf] They are aiming to reduce unemployment by 50%.
We aim to be there around six.
2. [VN] be aimed at to have sth as an aim
These measures are aimed at preventing violent crime.
3. ~ (sth) (at sb / sth) | ~ (for sb / sth) to point or direct a weapon, a shot, a kick, etc. at sb / sth
▪ [V] I was aiming at the tree but hit the car by mistake.
Aim for the middle of the target.
▪ [VN] The gun was aimed at her head.
4. [VN] [usually passive] ~ sth at sb to say or do sth that is intended to influence or affect a particular person or group
The book is aimed at very young children.
My criticism wasn’t aimed at you.
1 [countable] something you hope to achieve by doing something 目标，目的，意图
The aim of the research is to find new food sources.
The main aim of the course is to improve your writing.
with the aim of doing something
a campaign with the aim of helping victims of crime
Teamwork is required in order to achieve these aims.
a policy which sets out the school’s aims and objectives
► see thesaurus at purpose
2 take aim to point a gun or weapon at someone or something you want to shoot 瞄准
take aim at
Alan took aim at the target.
3 take aim at somebody/something American English to criticize someone or something 向某人/某事开火，批评某人/某事
Critics took aim at the president.
4 [uncountable] someone’s ability to hit what they are aiming at when they throw or shoot something 〔射击等的〕准头，准确性
Val’s aim was very good.
Related topics: Sport
aim2 ●●● S2 W2 verb
1 [intransitive, transitive] to try or intend to achieve something 力求达到
aim to do something
We aim to finish by Friday.
be aimed at doing something
an initiative aimed at reducing road accidents
aim for something
We’re aiming for a big improvement.
2 aim something at somebody to say or do something that is intended for a particular person or group of people 使某物针对某人
The criticism wasn’t aimed at you.
3 [intransitive, transitive] to choose the place, person etc that you want to hit or reach and point a weapon or another object towards them 瞄准，对准
Denver aimed his gun but did not shoot.
The pilot was aiming for the runway but came down in a nearby field.
Origin aim2 (1300-1400) Old French aesmer, from Latin aestimare; → ESTIMATE2
1.VERB 动词致力于;旨在;以…为目标 If you aim for something or aim to do something, you plan or hope to achieve it.
【语法信息】：V for/at n/-ing
He is aiming for the 100 metres world record…
Businesses will have to aim at long-term growth.
…an appeal which aims to raise funds for children with special needs.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词目的;目标 The aim of something that you do is the purpose for which you do it or the result that it is intended to achieve.
【搭配模式】：oft with poss
The aim of the festival is to increase awareness of Hindu culture and traditions.
…a research programme that has largely failed to achieve its principal aims.
3.V-PASSIVE 被动动词旨在;目的是 If an action or plan is aimed at achieving something, it is intended or planned to achieve it.
【语法信息】：be V-ed at n/-ing
The new measures are aimed at tightening existing sanctions.
…talks aimed at ending the war.
4.VERB 动词决定;想要 If you aim to do something, you decide or want to do it.
Are you aiming to visit the gardens?…
I didn’t aim to get caught.
5.VERB 动词（行为、言论）针对，指向 If your actions or remarks are aimed at a particular person or group, you intend that the person or group should notice them and be influenced by them.
【语法信息】：be V-ed at n
His message was aimed at the undecided middle ground of Israeli politics…
Advertising aimed at children should be curbed.
6.VERB 动词瞄准；对准 If you aim a weapon or object at something or someone, you point it towards them before firing or throwing it.
【语法信息】：V n at n
【语法信息】：V at n
He was aiming the rifle at Wade.
…a missile aimed at the arms factory…
I didn’t know I was supposed to aim at the same spot all the time.
7.N-SING 单数名词瞄准，对准（指技巧或动作） Your aim is your skill or action in pointing a weapon or other object at its target.
【搭配模式】：oft poss N
He stood with the gun in his right hand and his left hand steadying his aim.
8.VERB 动词踢向;挥（拳）向 If you aim a kick or punch at someone, you try to kick or punch them.
【语法信息】：V n prep/adv
【语法信息】：Also V n
They aimed kicks at his shins.
9.PHRASE 短语瞄准;对准 When you take aim, you point a weapon or object at someone or something, before firing or throwing it.
She had spotted a man with a shotgun taking aim.
10.PHRASE 短语激烈地批评 If you take aim at someone or something, you criticize them strongly.
Republican strategists are taking particular aim at Democratic senators.
aims; aimed; aiming
a : to point (a weapon) at a target瞄准；对准
[+ object] He aimed the gun carefully before shooting.
Don’t aim that pistol at me!
[no object] He aimed carefully before shooting.
Ready, aim, fire!
b : to point (a device) at something（用仪器）对准，瞄准
[+ object] aim a camera
Try to aim the antenna in the right direction.
She aimed the telescope at a point in the eastern sky.
[no object] She aimed at a point in the eastern sky.
c [+ object] : to direct (something, such as a missile, a ball, a punch, or a kick) at a target把…对准掷向
He aimed the stone at the dog but missed.
The throw from the shortstop was poorly/badly aimed.
well-aimed and badly aimed kicks/punches
: to have a specified goal or purpose旨在；以为目的
[no object] If you want to be successful, you have to aim high. [=you have to be ambitious] 如欲成功，必胸怀大志。
— often + at
The movie aims at comedy [=the movie is intended to be a comedy], but it really isn’t very funny.
a political movement that aims at promoting world peace
— often + for
The movie aims for comedy.
aim for a goal
If you’re trying to lose weight, you should give yourself a goal/target to aim for.
[+ object] — followed by to + verb接动词不定式
a political movement that aims to promote world peace
They aim [=intend] to reform the government.
We aim [=plan] to arrive there at around noon.
We aim to please.
[+ object] : to direct (something) at a particular goal, group of people, etc.针对（特定目标、人群等）
He aimed his criticism primarily at parents.
— usually used as (be) aimed通常用作(be) aimed
His criticism was aimed primarily at parents.
The television program is aimed directly/primarily at children. [=is intended mainly for children] 这个电视节目主要是给儿童看的。
The new system is aimed at reducing costs. [=the purpose of the new system is to reduce costs] 新系统为的是降低成本。
a political movement that is aimed at promoting world peace
2 aim /ˈeɪm/ noun
[count] : a goal or purpose目标；目的
a political movement whose aim is to promote world peace
Our ultimate aim is to create something of lasting value.
The book has two basic aims.
She was unable to achieve her aims.
I started this business with the aim of making a profit.
[noncount] : the ability to hit a target枪法；击中目标的能力
His aim was good.
He fired at the target but his aim was off/bad and he missed.
: to point a weapon at a target瞄准
He took careful aim at the target. [=he aimed carefully at the target] 他小心翼翼地瞄准了目标。
US : to have a specified goal or intention目标；意图
The runner took aim at setting a record. [=the runner’s goal was to set a record] 这名赛跑运动员的目标是创造纪录。
: to have something as the object of an action or effort以…为目标
Investigators are taking aim at [=targeting] health-care fraud. [=investigators are intending to punish/stop health-care fraud] 调查人员致力于惩罚/杜绝医疗保健欺诈行为。