名词: affecter 过去式: affected 过去分词: affected 现在分词: affecting 第三人称单数: affects
affect 选择性必修1000 全国卷频次:4 教材出处:译林版选必修B2U3
v. affects 0 affecting 0 affected 1
This can affect your work.
How are cafés affected by French lifestyle changes?
Athletes and scientists have long known that meal timing affects performance.
affects v. 影响；喜欢（affect的三单形式）；假装; n. 感情；引起感情的因素；情绪反应（affect的复数）;
affecting adj. 动人的，感人的; v. 影响；（疾病）侵袭，感染；使感动，打动；假装；炫耀，做作地使用（affect 的现在分词）;
negative affect 消极情感
affect display 情感展示
affected part 患部
affect heuristic 情感启发法（心理学术语）
adversely affect 不良影响; 负面作用;
inappropriate affect 不适当情感
adversely affected 产生负面影响
blunted affect 感情迟钝
Affects 影响属性; 对粒子场影响; 感情; 影响;
Ability to predictably affect goals 对目标效果的可预测性
But Also Adversely Affected 同时也倒霉感化
Almost did not affect 几乎没有影响
Affected by 受此影响
affecting women 女性特有的; 女性的; 妇女的;
adversely affecting 不利影响; 负面影响;
affected tooth 病牙
environment affecting 环境成因
影響;(疾病)侵襲;感動n.情感,感情His affection for the defects is affected by the infectious perfect effect.他對缺點的鍾愛受到具有感染力的完美效果的影響.
1. [VN] [often passive] to produce a change in sb / sth
How will these changes affect us?
Your opinion will not affect my decision.
The south of the country was worst affected by the drought.
2. [VN] [often passive] (of a disease 疾病) to attack sb or a part of the body; to make sb become ill / sick
The condition affects one in five women.
Rub the cream into the affected areas.
3. [VN] [often passive] to make sb have strong feelings of sadness, pity, etc.
They were deeply affected by the news of her death.
4. (formal) to pretend to be feeling or thinking sth
▪ [VN] She affected a calmness she did not feel.
▪ [also V to inf] 5. [VN] (formal, disapproving) to use or wear sth that is intended to impress other people
SYN put on :
I wish he wouldn’t affect that ridiculous accent.
the areas affected by the hurricane
a disease that affects the central nervous system
decisions which affect our lives
Trading has been adversely affected by the downturn in consumer spending.
2 to make someone feel strong emotions 使〔某人〕深有感触；打动，使感动
We were all deeply affected by her death.
3 formal to pretend to have a particular feeling, way of speaking etc 假装
As usual, Simon affected complete boredom.
He used to affect a foreign accent.
Origin affect 1. (1300-1400) Latin past participle of afficere “to influence”, from ad- “to” + facere “to do”2. (1400-1500) French affecter, from Latin affectare, from afficere
1.VERB 动词影响;使改变 If something affects a person or thing, it influences them or causes them to change in some way.
Nicotine adversely affects the functioning of the heart and arteries…
More than seven million people have been affected by drought.
…the worst-affected areas of Somalia.
2.VERB 动词（疾病）侵袭，感染 If a disease affects someone, it causes them to become ill.
Arthritis is a crippling disease which affects people all over the world.
3.VERB 动词（感情上）打动，震动，使悲伤（或怜悯） If something or someone affects you, they make you feel a strong emotion, especially sadness or pity.
The divorce affected Jim deeply…
Gregor loved his sister, and her loss clearly still affects him.
4.VERB 动词假装；佯装；装出…的样子 If you affect a particular characteristic or way of behaving, you pretend that it is genuine, or natural for you.
【语法信息】：Also V to-inf
He listened to them, affecting an amused interest…
Ms. Redgrave affects a heavy Italian accent.
Usage Note :
Note that the noun that comes from affect is effect. You can say that something affects you, or that is has an effect on you. …the effect that noise has on people in factories. You can also talk about the effect of something. …the effect of the anaesthetic. Effect can also be a verb. If you effect something such as a change or a repair, you make it happen or do it. This is a fairly formal word. She had effected a few hasty repairs.
注意，与affect相对应的名词是effect。可以说something affects you，也可以说it has an effect on you。例如：the effect that noise has on people in factories (噪音对工厂里的人们产生的影响）。谈论某事物的效果也可用 effect: the effect of the anaesthetic（麻醉药的作用）。effect也可用作动词，后接 change, repair 等词, 意为使发生或进行，该用法较为正式。例如：She had effected a few hasty repairs（她已经做了一些匆忙的修补）。
affects; affected; affecting [+ object] 1
: to produce an effect on (someone or something)影响: such as
a : to act on (someone or something) and cause a change对…有影响；引起变化
His decisions could affect [=influence] the lives of millions of people.
The accident will affect [=influence] the value of the car.
We learned about the way the oceans are affected by the moon.
This medication may affect your ability to drive a car. [=this medicine may make it dangerous for you to drive a car] 服用此药后不宜驾车。
This new evidence will affect the outcome of the trial.
The news could adversely affect [=could hurt] her chances of becoming the next president.
We kept the change from affecting [=harming] our friendship.
The incident really affected my opinion of him.
b : to cause strong emotions in (someone)（在感情上）深深打动；震撼
The criticism affected [=bothered, upset] her deeply/greatly.
The entire town was affected by their deaths. [=everyone in the town felt sad about their deaths] 全镇人都为他们的死感到悲伤。
We were all greatly affected by the terrible news. [=we were all very upset by the terrible news] 噩耗传来，我们都深感悲痛。
c : to cause a change in (a part of the body)（疾病）侵袭
Paralysis affected his limbs. = His limbs were affected by/with paralysis. [=his limbs were paralyzed] 他的四肢瘫痪了。
The disease can affect your muscles.
drugs that affect the nervous/immune system
d : to cause illness in (someone)（使人）染病
The condition affects about five million adults each year.
a serious disease primarily/mainly affecting women over the age of 40
Only men appear to be affected by the disease
Usage用法Do not confuse the verbs affect and effect.不要混淆affect和effect。Affect means to act on or change someone or something.*Affect意为影响或改变某人或某事。
Rain affected [=influenced] their performance.
Effect means to cause something to happen.*Effect意为促使某事发生。
The new president effected [=made, caused] many changes to/in the company’s policies.
Note that the verb affect and the noun effect are used in contexts that are similar.注意：动词affect和名词effect用于相似语境中。
The weather affected our plans. = The weather had an effect on our plans. [=the weather caused us to change our plans] 天气影响了我们的计划。
formal : to pretend that a false behavior or feeling is natural or genuine装作；假装
She affected indifference [=she pretended that she did not care], though she was deeply hurt.
He affected (a look of) surprise. [=he pretended to be surprised] 他装出吃惊的样子。
She affects [=feigns] a warm friendly manner.
He affected [=faked] a French accent.