名词: advancer 过去式: advanced 过去分词: advanced 现在分词: advancing 第三人称单数: advances
advance 高中必修500 全国卷频次:12 教材出处:译林版必修B1U1
n.&v. advances 2 advances 0 advancing 0 advanced 8
将…提前；推进，促进；预付；前进；进展 & 进步；前进
Advance reservations required.
A French woman scientist made a major advance in working out the problem.
They paid Tracy a $50,000 advance.
It doesn’t feel as alone as it may have before all the advances in technology.
Which tour do you need to book in advance?
in advance adv. 预先，提前
in advance of 超过；在…前面
advance in 进步；改进
with the advance of 随着…的增加；随着(时间)的推移
an advance 预付款
on the advance (物价)在上涨
advance payment 预付款
advance notice 预先通知
advance with the times 与时俱进；与时代发展同步伐
advance booking 预订（机票等）
payment in advance 预付货款
make advances 接近；预付；取得进步
well in advance 大大提前
advance warning 事前警告（警报）
advance development 先期发展；超前掘进
cash advance 预付现金
advance towards 朝…前进
spark advance 点火提前；火花提早
advance guard 军队前卫，先头部队；先锋派
advance with times 与时俱进
FORWARD MOVEMENT 向前运动
1. [C] the forward movement of a group of people, especially armed forces
We feared that an advance on the capital would soon follow.
2. [C, U] ~ (in sth) progress or a development in a particular activity or area of understanding
recent advances in medical science
We live in an age of rapid technological advance.
3. [C, usually sing.] money paid for work before it has been done or money paid earlier than expected
They offered an advance of £5 000 after the signing of the contract.
他们在合同签订后预付了 5 000 英镑。
She asked for an advance on her salary.
4. advances [pl.] attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb
He had made advances to one of his students.
PRICE INCREASE 涨价
5. [C] ~ (on sth) (business 商) an increase in the price or value of sth
Share prices showed significant advances.
▪ in advance (of sth)
1. before the time that is expected; before sth happens
a week / month / year in advance
It’s cheaper if you book the tickets in advance.
People were evacuated from the coastal regions in advance of the hurricane.
2. more developed than sb / sth else
Galileo’s ideas were well in advance of the age in which he lived.
MOVE FORWARD 向前运动
1. [V] ~ (on / towards sb / sth) to move forward towards sb / sth, often in order to attack or threaten them or it
The mob advanced on us, shouting angrily.
The troops were finally given the order to advance.
They had advanced 20 miles by nightfall.
夜幕降临时,他们已推进了 20 英里。
the advancing Allied troops
⇨ compare retreat
2. if knowledge, technology, etc. advances, it develops and improves
▪ [V] Our knowledge of the disease has advanced considerably over recent years.
▪ [VN] This research has done much to advance our understanding of language learning.
HELP TO SUCCEED 促进
3. [VN] to help sth to succeed
SYN further :
Studying for new qualifications is one way of advancing your career.
They worked together to advance the cause of democracy.
4. ~ sth (to sb) | ~ (sb) sth to give sb money before the time it would usually be paid
▪ [VN VNN] We are willing to advance the money to you.
We will advance you the money.
5. [VN] (formal) to suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to discuss
SYN put forward :
The article advances a new theory to explain changes in the climate.
MAKE EARLIER 提前
6. [VN] (formal) to change the time or date of an event so that it takes place earlier
SYN bring forward :
The date of the trial has been advanced by one week.
MOVE FORWARD 向前运动
7. (formal) to move forward to a later part of sth; to move sth forward to a later part
▪ [V] Users advance through the program by answering a series of questions.
▪ [VN] This button advances the tape to the beginning of the next track.
8. [V] (business 商) (of prices, costs, etc. 价格、成本等) to increase in price or amount
Oil shares advanced amid economic recovery hopes.
[only before noun] 1. done or given before sth is going to happen
Please give us advance warning of any changes.
We need advance notice of the numbers involved.
No advance booking is necessary on most departures.
2. ~ party / team a group of people who go somewhere first, before the main group
1 in advance (of something) before something happens or is expected to happen 预先，提前；（在某事）发生之前
I should warn you in advance that I’m not a very good dancer.
Many thanks, in advance, for your help.
six months/a year etc in advance
Book tickets 21 days in advance.
Could you distribute copies well in advance of the meeting?
2 be in advance of somebody/something to be more developed or modern than someone or something else 超前于某人/某物；比某事物先进
Their aircraft were in advance of those used by the US.
3 DEVELOPMENT/IMPROVEMENT 发展/改进 [countable] a change, discovery, or invention that brings progress 进步，进展
technological/scientific/medical etc advance
one of the great technological advances of the 20th century
a major advance
Recent advances in genetics have raised moral questions.
an advance on previous treatments
the advances made in the understanding of mental handicap
► see thesaurus at progress
4 FORWARD MOVEMENT 向前的移动 [countable] forward movement or progress of a group of people – used especially to talk about soldiers 前进，推进〔尤指士兵〕
the enemy’s advance on St. Petersburg
5 MONEY 金钱 [countable usually singular] money paid to someone before the usual time, especially someone’s salary 预付款
a $500 advance
Krebs decided to ask for an advance on his salary.
6 advances [plural] formal an attempt to start a sexual relationship with someone 求爱；挑逗，勾引
She accused her boss of making advances to her.
The witness said that he ‘went berserk’ when she rejected his sexual advances.
7. INCREASE 增加 [countable] an increase in the price or value of something – used especially when talking about the stock exchange 〔价格或价值的〕上涨，攀升〔尤用于证券交易〕
Related topics: Chronology
advance2 ●●○ W3 verb
1 MOVE FORWARD 向前移动 [intransitive] to move towards someone or something, especially in a slow and determined way – used especially to talk about soldiers 前进，推进〔尤指士兵〕
A line of US tanks slowly advanced.
Troops advanced on the rebel stronghold (=moved towards it in order to attack it).
The army advanced across the plain.
2 DEVELOP 发展 [intransitive, transitive] if scientific or technical knowledge advances, or if something advances it, it develops and improves （使）进展
3 MONEY 金钱 [transitive] to give someone money before they have earned it 预支
4 advance your career/a cause/your interests etc to do something that will help you achieve an advantage or success for yourself or someone else 促进职业/事业/兴趣等的发展
5. PRICE 价格 [intransitive] if the price or value of something advances, it increases – used especially when talking about the stock exchange 〔价格、价值〕上涨〔尤用于证券交易〕
6 TIME/DATE 时间/日期 [transitive] formal to change the time or date when an event should happen to an earlier time or date 提前，提早
7. MACHINE 机器 [intransitive, transitive] formal if you advance a film, clock, musical recording etc, or if it advances, it goes forward （使）〔电影、钟表、唱片等〕向前移动；把〔钟表〕拨快
1 advance planning/warning/booking etc planning etc that is done before an event 预先计划/警告/订购等
2. advance party/team a group of people who go first to a place where something will happen to prepare for it 〔提前到某地为活动做准备的〕先遣队，先遣人员
3. advance copy a copy of a book, record etc that has not yet been made available to the public 〔书的〕样本；〔唱片的〕样片
Origin advance2 (1200-1300) Old French avancier, from Vulgar Latin abantiare, from Latin abante “before”
1.VERB 动词（常指为攻击而）前进，推进 To advance means to move forward, often in order to attack someone.
Reports from Chad suggest that rebel forces are advancing on the capital…
The water is advancing at a rate of 5cm a day…
…a picture of a man throwing himself before an advancing tank.
2.VERB 动词See also:advanced;（尤指知识）发展，进步 To advance means to make progress, especially in your knowledge of something.
Medical technology has advanced considerably…
Japan has advanced from a rural, feudal society to an urban, industrial power.
3.VERB 动词贷给；预付；预支 If you advance someone a sum of money, you lend it to them, or pay it to them earlier than arranged.
【语法信息】：V n n
I advanced him some money, which he would repay on our way home…
The bank advanced $1.2 billion to help the country with debt repayments.
4.N-COUNT 可数名词贷款;预付款 An advance is money which is lent or paid to someone before they would normally receive it.
She was paid a £100,000 advance for her next two novels.
5.VERB 动词提前（未来事件的日期）；使（未来事件）提前发生 To advance an event, or the time or date of an event, means to bring it forward to an earlier time or date.
Too much protein in the diet may advance the ageing process…
The country’s election commission has advanced the date of parliamentary elections by three days.
6.VERB 动词促进，推动（事业、利益或主张）；使加速 If you advance a cause, interest, or claim, you support it and help to make it successful.
When not producing art of his own, Oliver was busy advancing the work of others.
7.VERB 动词提出（理论、论点） When a theory or argument is advanced, it is put forward for discussion.
Many theories have been advanced as to why some women suffer from depression…
An important set of ideas have been advanced by the biologist Rupert Sheldrake.
8.N-VAR 可变名词（常指军事行动中的）前进，行进，推进 An advance is a forward movement of people or vehicles, usually as part of a military operation.
…an advance on enemy positions…
The defences are intended to obstruct any advance by tanks and other vehicles.
9.N-PLURAL 复数名词挑逗；勾引 If you make advances to someone, you try to start a sexual relationship with them.
Mark had for some time been making advances towards her…
She rejected his advances during the trip to Cannes.
10.N-VAR 可变名词进步；进展 An advance in a particular subject or activity is progress in understanding it or in doing it well.
Air safety has not improved since the dramatic advances of the 1970s…
Their progress at work was mirrored by their children’s educational advance.
11.N-SING 单数名词改进；改善 If something is an advance on what was previously available or done, it is better in some way.
【搭配模式】：usu a N on n
This could be an advance on the present situation.
12.ADJ 形容词预先的；事先的 Advance booking, notice, or warning is done or given before an event happens.
They don’t normally give any advance notice about which building they’re going to inspect…
The event received little advance publicity.
13.ADJ 形容词先行的；先遣的 An advance party or group is a small group of people who go on ahead of the main group.
The 20-strong advance party will be followed by another 600 soldiers as part of UN relief efforts.
14.PREP-PHRASE 短语介词在…的前面；在…之前 If one thing happens or is done in advance of another, it happens or is done before the other thing.
I had asked everyone to submit questions in advance of the meeting.
15.PHRASE 短语提前;事先 If you do something in advance, you do it before a particular date or event.
【搭配模式】：PHR after v
The subject of the talk is announced a week in advance.
advances; advanced; advancing
a [no object] : to move forward前进；向前移动
The car advanced slowly down the street.
The sun slowly advanced across the sky.
She opened the door and advanced cautiously into the room.
Enemy soldiers are advancing on the city. [=they are approaching the city in order to attack it] 敌军正在逼近这座城市。
b [+ object] : to move (someone or something) forward使向前移动，使…前进
advance the hands of a clock
advance a pawn [=move a pawn forward in a game of chess] 进卒
The film is advanced by an electric motor.
The team advanced the ball steadily down the field.
[no object] : to go forward : to make progress发展；进步
Our understanding of this disease has advanced rapidly in recent years.
The team did not advance beyond the first round of the play-offs.
The company tries to keep up with advancing technology.
: to continue in a process of development, aging, etc.进展；增长
As he advanced in age and stature he advanced in knowledge.
Their children are advancing toward maturity.
: to increase in amount or rate（数量、比率等）增长，增加
[+ object] These measures are intended to keep landlords from advancing [=raising] rents unfairly.
[no object] Wages have continued to advance.
Some stock prices have advanced while others have declined.
Loss of memory is often a sign of advancing age.
[+ object] a : to help the progress of (something).促进；推动
heroes whose sacrifices advanced the cause of freedom
Volunteers have been raising money to advance the work of the society.
They used propaganda to advance their cause.
He was advancing his own interests at the expense of his friend’s.
: to cause or help (something) to go forward or continue推进；使继续
advance a plot
b : to make (something) higher or better : to cause improvement to (something)改进；改善；提高
The success of this novel will help to advance [=enhance] his reputation/status.
a [+ object] : to raise (someone) to a higher rank or position提拔；晋升
He was advanced [=promoted] from clerk to assistant manager.
b [no object] : to rise to a higher rank or position升职；提高
The family has advanced to a position of influence in the community.
He advanced quickly through the ranks.
She has continued to advance steadily in her career.
[+ object] : to give money to someone as a loan or before the usual time预付；预支
advance a loan to someone = advance someone a loan
advance an employee a week’s pay
His publisher advanced him $100,000 on/for his new book.
[+ object] : to suggest or propose (something) for consideration or acceptance提出（建议等）
advance a new plan/theory
advance an argument
Many theories were advanced and rejected.
[+ object] a : to cause (something) to occur more quickly加速…的进程
a chemical used to advance the ripening of fruit
b : to make (something) earlier使…提前发生
advance the date of the meeting
— advancer noun, plural advancers [count] There were more advancers [=stocks that increased in value] than decliners in the stock market yesterday.
2 advance /ədˈvæns/ Brit /ədˈvɑːns/ noun
: forward movement前进；行进
[noncount] trying to halt the enemy’s advance
[count] trying to halt the enemy’s advances
: progress in the development or improvement of something发展；进步
[count] recent advances in medicine
a big/dramatic/huge/major/significant advance in technology
The new system represents a considerable advance over the old one.
There have been few advances made in the treatment of this disease.
[noncount] There has been little advance made in the treatment of this disease.
policies that are important for economic advance [=advancement] 对经济发展起着重要作用的政策
[count] : a rise in price, value, or amount（价格、价值或数量等的）增加，上涨
The workers won wage advances.
a yearlong advance in stock prices
[count] : the act of speaking to someone in an effort to start a sexual relationship勾引，挑逗，求爱 — usually plural通常用复数
Her unfriendly look discourages advances.
She rebuffed/rejected his advances.
He is accused of making unwelcome sexual advances to female coworkers.
[count] : money given to someone as a loan or before the usual time of payment预付金；预支款
I need an advance on my salary.
He was given a $100,000 advance on/for his new book.
a cash advance
: before something happens预先；事先；事前
He knew about the change two weeks in advance. [=two weeks before the change occurred] 他提前两个星期就知道了这个变化。
There was no way to know in advance [=ahead of time] that these problems would occur.
: before a future event or time预先；事先
We made reservations in advance.
You should call in advance to make an appointment.
Thank you in advance for your help.
— often + of
They began to make preparations several days in advance of [=before, ahead of] her arrival.
3 advance /ədˈvæns/ Brit /ədˈvɑːns/ adjective
always used before a noun
: made, sent, or provided at an early time预先的，预付的，提前供给的
an advance payment
an advance warning
an advance copy of a new book
: going or placed before others先行的；前置的
an advance guard
an advance scout
(US) an advance man/woman/team [=a man, woman, or group whose job is to go to a place and make preparations for someone (such as a politician or an entertainer) who is coming to visit that place at a later time] 打头阵的男子/女子/队伍