副词: actively 名词: activeness
active 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:15
He studied law after work and was active in politics.
They’ll keep your child mentally and physically active the whole day while pushing buttons, experimenting, and building.
I drove over and saw the chick in the nest looking healthy and active.
active in 积极于
active role 积极任务；活跃角色
active part 积极的作用；能动部分，主动部分
active power 有功（有效）功率
active carbon 活性炭；活性炭黑
surface active 表面活性的
active ingredient 有效成分；活性组分
active participation 主动参与；积极参加
active agent 活性剂
active component 活性组分；有效元件；作用分量
surface active agent 表面活性剂
active service 现役
active oxygen 活性氧
active fault 活动断裂；活性断层
active learning 主动学习；积极学习
active substance 活性物质；放射性物质；有效物质
active suspension 主动制导悬架系统（一种由计算机控制的机动车悬架系统）
active material [核物]活性物质，放射性材料
active network 有源网络
active member 积极成员；活跃会员
active, busy, diligent
这三个词意思比较接近,但含义不同:active侧重主动、活跃; busy侧重忙碌,没有时间; diligent侧重勤勉、用功。另外, active和diligent后多接in,而busy后多接with。
It is important to bring all the positive factors into full play in the building of socialism.在社会主义建设事业中调动一切积极因素是很重要的。
For this project,I hope that everyone will make positive suggestions.对这项工程,希望大家提出积极建议。
1. always busy doing things, especially physical activities
Although he’s nearly 80, he is still very active.
尽管快 80 岁了,他还是十分活跃。
TAKING PART 参加
2. involved in sth; making a determined effort and not leaving sth to happen by itself
They were both politically active.
active involvement / participation / support / resistance
She takes an active part in school life.
The parents were active in campaigning against cuts to the education budget.
They took active steps to prevent the spread of the disease.
DOING AN ACTIVITY 活动
3. doing sth regularly; functioning
sexually active teenagers
animals that are active only at night
The virus is still active in the blood.
an active volcano (= likely to erupt )
⇨ compare dormant
4. lively and full of ideas
That child has a very active imagination.
5. having or causing a chemical effect
What is the active ingredient in aspirin?
6. connected with a verb whose subject is the person or thing that performs the action
In ‘He was driving the car’, the verb is active.
在 He was driving the car 一句中,动词是主动语态。
⇨ compare passive
• ac·tive·ly adv.:
Your proposal is being actively considered.
She was actively looking for a job.
(also ‘active voice) [sing.] the form of a verb in which the subject is the person or thing that performs the action
⇨ compare passive
1 BUSY 忙碌的 always busy doing things, especially physical or mental activities 忙碌的；好动的，活跃的 OPP inactive
games for active youngsters
She’s over 80, but is still very active.
My father always led a very active life.
a child with a very active imagination
2 INVOLVED 参与的 involved in an organization or activity and doing lots of practical things to achieve your aims 积极的
He became politically active at college.
be active in (doing) something
The Bureau is active in promoting overseas investment.
take/play an active part/role in something
Encourage students to take an active part in discussions.
She took an active interest in local charities.
the importance of active participation by elderly people in the life of the community
We’re taking active steps (=doing practical things) to deal with the problem.
We maintain active links with other European universities.
He is an active member of the Labour Party.
3 FUNCTIONING 起作用 operating in a way that is normal or expected 起作用的 OPP inactive
The virus is active even at low temperatures.
4 DOING STH 做某事 doing something regularly 定期进行的，活跃的
sexually active teenagers
5 VOLCANO 火山 an active volcano is likely to erupt (=explode) at any time 活的，随时会爆发的
The volcano became active last year with a series of eruptions.
6. GRAMMAR 语法 an active verb or sentence has the person or thing doing the action as its subject. In ‘The boy kicked the ball’, the verb ‘kick’ is active 〔动词或句子〕主动的 → passive1(2)
7 CHEMICAL 化学的 producing a chemical reaction 起化学反应的
nicotine, the active ingredient in tobacco
Carol was actively involved in the local sports club.
the active the active form of a verb, for example ‘destroyed’ in the sentence ‘Enemy planes destroyed the village.’ 主动语态
Origin active1 (1300-1400) Latin activus, from agere; → ACT1
1.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词忙碌的；活跃的 Someone who is active moves around a lot or does a lot of things.
Having an active youngster about the house can be quite wearing.
…a long and active life.
2.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词（思想等）活跃的 If you have an active mind or imagination, you are always thinking of new things.
…the tragedy of an active mind trapped by failing physical health.
3.ADJ-GRADED 能被表示程度的副词或介词词组修饰的形容词积极（参与）的 If someone is active in an organization, cause, or campaign, they do things for it rather than just giving it their support.
【搭配模式】：oft ADJ prep
…a chance for fathers to play a more active role in childcare…
I am an active member of the Conservative Party…
He is active on Tyler’s behalf.
They actively campaigned for the vote.
4.ADJ 形容词积极的；主动的 Active is used to emphasize that someone is taking action in order to achieve something, rather than just hoping for it or achieving it in an indirect way.
Companies need to take active steps to increase exports.
…active discouragement from teachers.
They have never been actively encouraged to take such risks.
…the White House says the president is not actively considering such a move.
5.ADJ 形容词定期进行的;活动的 If you say that a person or animal is active in a particular place or at a particular time, you mean that they are performing their usual activities or performing a particular activity.
【搭配模式】：usu v-link ADJ
Guerrilla groups are active in the province.
…animals which are active at night.
…men who are sexually active.
6.ADJ 形容词（火山）活的 An active volcano has erupted recently or is expected to erupt quite soon.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
…molten lava from an active volcano.
7.ADJ 形容词起化学(或生物)作用的;活性的;有效的 An active substance has a chemical or biological effect on things.
【搭配模式】：usu ADJ n
The active ingredient in some of the mouthwashes was simply detergent.
8.N-SING 单数名词（语法中的）主动语态 In grammar, the active or the active voice means the forms of a verb which are used when the subject refers to a person or thing that does something. For example, in ‘I saw her yesterday’, the verb is in the active.
[more active; most active] : doing things that require physical movement and energy活动的；活跃的
We stay/keep active during the cold winter months by skiing and ice skating.
Despite her age, she has been able to maintain her active [=busy] lifestyle.
Cats are most active [=energetic, lively] at night.
[more active; most active] a : involved in the activities of a group or organization积极的；参与的
We are active members of our church.
While many give money to the organization, only a few are active participants.
: participating in an action or activity参与的
She was politically active as a volunteer for her state representative.
— often + in
They were active in the antiwar movement of the 1960s.
active in women’s causes
b : involving action or participation积极的；主动的
They take an active interest in their children’s education.
He has taken/played a more active role in the production of this album.
: marked by regular action or use活动的；常用的
the bank’s active and inactive accounts
He became sexually active [=he began having sex] at the age of 21.
of a volcano : likely to explode violently or produce fire and hot liquid rock : capable of erupting（火山）活的，可喷发的
Most volcanoes on this island are still active but a few are inactive.
of a disease : becoming worse or continuing to have bad effects（疾病）恶化的，持续发展的
The disease remains active throughout the patient’s life.
: having a chemical effect especially on the body有效的；活性的
The medicine has two active ingredients.
the active ingredient in/of marijuana
a US : involving service in the military as a main job服役的
After two years of active duty [=two years of being a full-time member of the military] she entered the reserves.
She was on active duty for two years.
b : involving fighting in a war as a member of the military参战的；作战的
He saw no active service [=he did not fight in any battles] during his time in the army.
He was on active service in three separate wars.
soldiers returning home from active service
a of a verb or voice : showing that the subject of a sentence is the one doing the action expressed by the verb（动词或语态）主动的
“Picked” in “I picked the apples” is an active verb because it shows that the subject “I” is the one who picked the apples.
在句子I picked the apples中，picked是主动语态，因为它表明主语I是摘苹果的人。
“Hits” in “She hits the ball” is active, while “hit” in “The ball was hit” is passive.
在句子She hits the ball中，hits是主动语态；而在句子The ball was hit中，hit是被动语态。
◊ The active voice is a way of writing or speaking that uses active verbs.主动语态是一种用主动动词写作或讲话的方式。
The sentence “The birds are singing” is written in the active voice.
句子The birds are singing用的是主动语态。
— compare passive
b of a verb : expressing action rather than describing the state of something（动词）表动作的，表行为的
Words like “walk,” “sing,” and “eat” are active verbs.
In the sentence “Look at this picture,” the verb “look” is active.
在句子Look at this picture中，look是行为动词。
— actively adverb
They participate actively in their church.
actively involved in a conversation