across 义务阶段1500 全国卷频次:44
From that point Shackleton wanted to force a passage by dog sled (雪橇) across the continent.
Now many gardens across the country have been sold out for several months.
across the board 全面地；包括一切地；以三等分的钱数赌同一匹马赢得前三名
across from 在…对面
go across 穿过，横过；走过
back across 后背宽
When I saw him, he was climbing over the fence.我看到他时,他正在爬越栅栏。
I helped the old lady across the road.我扶着老太太过了马路。
There is a bridge across the river.
There is a bridge over the river.
come across, drop across, fall across, run across
1.fall across的对象只能是人,不能是事物; 而come across, drop across和run across的对象可以是人,也可以是事物; run across的对象是事物时,只指令人不快的事物。
cut across, cut through
这两个短语都指“抄近路走过”，cut across指从表面通过，其宾语一般比较宽广；而cut through则表示从物体内部穿过，具有快速穿越的意思。
get across to,get through to
这两个短语都有“使…理解”之意，其区别在于get across to的宾语为一群人，而get through to的宾语为某个人。
HELP For the special uses of across in phrasal verbs, look at the entries for the verbs. For example come across is in the phrasal verb section at come.
across 在短语动词中的特殊用法见有关动词词条。如 come across 在词条 come 的短语动词部份。
1. from one side to the other side
It’s too wide. We can’t swim across.
The yard measures about 50 feet across.
庭院宽约 50 英尺。
2. in a particular direction towards or at sb / sth
When my name was called, he looked across at me.
3. across from opposite
There’s a school just across from our house.
4. (of an answer in a crossword 纵横字谜谜底) written from side to side
I can’t do 3 across.
我猜不出第 3 格横写的谜底。
1. from one side to the other side of sth
He walked across the field.
I drew a line across the page.
A grin spread across her face.
Where’s the nearest bridge across the river?
2. on the other side of sth
There’s a bank right across the street.
3. on or over a part of the body
He hit him across the face.
It’s too tight across the back.
4. in every part of a place, group of people, etc.
SYN throughout :
Her family is scattered across the country.
This view is common across all sections of the community.
1 from one side of something to the other 从一边到另一边；穿过，越过
the first flight across the Atlantic
They ran straight across the road (=without stopping).
We’ll have to swim across.
We’d got halfway across before Philip realized he’d left his money at home.
We gazed across the valley.
2 towards someone or something on the other side of an area 朝，向〔对面〕
There’s Brendan. Why don’t you go across and say hello?
The referee looked across at his linesman before awarding the penalty.
He walked across to where I was sitting.
3 used to say that something exists or reaches from one side of an area to the other 从一边延伸到另一边；横贯，跨越
a deep crack across the ceiling
the only bridge across the river
Do you think this shirt is too tight across the shoulders?
Someone’s parked right across the entrance to the driveway.
4 on the opposite side of something 在…对面
My best friend lives across the road.
He knew that just across the border lay freedom.
across (something) from somebody/something
Across the street from where we’re standing, you can see the old churchyard.
the woman sitting across from me (=opposite me) on the train
5 in every part of a country, organization etc 遍及，在…各处
a TV series that became popular across five continents
Teachers are expected to teach a range of subjects right across the curriculum.
6 used to show how wide something is …宽
ten feet/five metres etc across
The river is 2 kilometres across.
Origin across (1200-1300) Anglo-French an crois “in cross”
In addition to the uses shown below, across is used in phrasal verbs such as ‘come across’, ‘get across’, and ‘put across’.
除下列用法外，across还可用于come across, get across和put across等短语动词中。
1.PREP 介词从一边到另一边 If someone or something goes across a place or a boundary, they go from one side of it to the other.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
She walked across the floor and lay down on the bed…
He watched Karl run across the street to Tommy.
…an expedition across Africa.
Across is also an adverb.
Richard stood up and walked across to the window.
2.PREP 介词横跨;横过;穿过 If something is situated or stretched across something else, it is situated or stretched from one side of it to the other.
…the floating bridge across Lake Washington in Seattle…
He scrawled his name across the bill…
Lucy had strung a banner across the wall saying ‘Welcome Home Daddy’.
Across is also an adverb.
Trim toenails straight across using nail clippers.
3.PREP 介词（放置或覆盖）在…上 If something is lying across an object or place, it is resting on it and partly covering it.
She found her clothes lying across the chair…
The wind pushed his hair across his face.
4.PREP 介词在…对过；在…对面 Something that is across something such as a street, river, or area is on the other side of it.
Anyone from the houses across the road could see him…
When I saw you across the room I knew I’d met you before.
Across is also an adverb.
They parked across from the Castro Theatre…
He pulled up a chair and sat down across from Michael.
5.ADV 副词朝；向 If you look across at a place, person, or thing, you look towards them.
【搭配模式】：ADV after v
He glanced across at his sleeping wife…
She rose from the chair and gazed across at him.
…breathtaking views across to the hills.
6.PREP 介词（表情展露）在（脸）上 You use across to say that a particular expression is shown on someone’s face.
An enormous grin spread across his face…
For a moment a shadow seemed to pass across Roy’s face.
7.PREP 介词（打）在（脸、头等部位）上 If someone hits you across the face or head, they hit you on that part.
Graham hit him across the face with the gun.
8.PREP 介词在…各处；遍及 When something happens across a place or organization, it happens equally everywhere within it.
The film ‘Hook’ opens across America on December 11…
Thousands of farmers from across Europe have held a huge demonstration in the centre of Brussels…
2,000 workers across all state agencies are to be fired by March 31st.
9.PREP 介词超越，跨越（政治、宗教、社会隔阂等） When something happens across a political, religious, or social barrier, it involves people in different groups. across the board→see: board;
…parties competing across the political spectrum…
We want to promote cosmetics that appeal across the colour barrier.
10.ADV 副词（测量时）宽… Across is used in measurements to show the width of something.
This hand-decorated plate measures 30cm across…
The snails are no larger than one centimetre across.
a : from one side to the other side of (something)从一边到另一边
We took a ferry across the river.
We saw them walking across the street.
She reached across the table to shake his hand.
They traveled back and forth across the border.
Airplanes flew across the sky above us.
She slapped him right across the face. [=she slapped his face] 她扇了他一个耳光。
b : on the other side of (something)在…对面
He was seated across the table from me.
Our grandparents live across the street (from us).
The accident happened just across the state line.
: so as to reach or spread over or throughout (something)穿过；越过
A smile spread across her face.
Looking out across the ocean, he saw land.
The sun’s light spread across the mountains.
The disease spread quickly across the country.
: in every part of (a country, region, etc.)遍及；在的各处
The movie is now showing in theaters across [=throughout] America.
Newspapers (all) across the world reported the story.
We could hear the bells all across town.
2 across /əˈkrɑːs/ adverb
: from one side to the other从一边到另一边
The streams are small enough to jump across.
They walked across to the other side of the street.
They reached across and shook each other’s hand.
: in a measurement from one side to the other side…宽
At its widest point, the pond measures 150 feet across.
The hole was 10 feet across. [=10 feet wide] 这个洞有10英尺宽。
: on the opposite side在对面；对过
I saw them crossing the street and I waited until they were safely across.
: on the opposite side from (someone or something)在…的对面
She sat (directly) across from me at the table.
The restaurant is (just) across from the high school.