- n. 事故；意外；偶然；造化
accident 高中必修500 全国卷频次:32 教材出处:译林版必修B3U4
n. accidents 10 事故，意外的事
On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine, she went pale.
Now, We’re always hearing about road accidents.
But it doesn’t happen by accident.
But it was quite by accident that I discovered the deep meaning of his words.
Road accidents, which had fallen for years, are now rising sharply. (2022全国II卷)
traffic accident 交通事故
by accident 偶然；意外地
car accident 车祸；交通事故
accident insurance 意外保险；事故保险
accident prevention 事故预防；安全措施
fire accident 火灾事故；失火
accident rate 意外伤害率
road accident 交通事故
fatal accident 死亡事故
nuclear accident 核事故
industrial accident 工伤事故；工业事故；劳动事故
have an accident vi. 出事故
cerebrovascular accident [医]脑血管意外（等于中风）；脑血管伤害
personal accident insurance 个人人身意外伤害保险
collision accident 碰撞事故；空中相撞事故
vehicle accident 交通事故
aviation accident 航空事故；飞机失事；飞行事故
transportation accident 交通事故
minor accident 轻微事故；小事故
unexpected accident 不能预料的事故
accident, incident, event
1.accident是偶然发生的; incident是附属于偶发事件的; 而event则不一定是偶然的。
2.accident在没有happy, lucky这类词修饰时,多指不幸事件; 而incident和event则不一定是不幸的。
Being late for school is an incident, not an accident.
Being hit by a car is an accident, not an incident.被汽车撞了是大事故,不是 小事情。
Accidents are becoming incidents on this railway.这条铁路上事故已成家常便饭。
It was a frontier incident.这是一次边境事件。
4.event也可指日常小事,但主要指重要的事件(国家的、社会的、边界的等)。例如:This is one of the chief events of this year.这是本年度大事之一。
1. [C] an unpleasant event, especially in a vehicle, that happens unexpectedly and causes injury or damage
a car / road / traffic accident
He was killed in an accident.
One in eight accidents is caused by sleepy drivers.
The accident happened at 3 p.m.
事故发生于下午 3 点钟。
to have an accident
a serious / minor accident
a fatal accident (= in which sb is killed)
accidents in the home
a climbing / riding accident
Take out accident insurance before you go on your trip.
I didn’t mean to break it— it was an accident.
2. [C, U] something that happens unexpectedly and is not planned in advance
Their early arrival was just an accident.
It is no accident that men fill most of the top jobs in nursing.
an accident of birth / fate / history (= describing facts and events that are due to chance or circumstances)
⇨ note at luck
▪ 7 accidents will ‘happen
people say accidents will happen to tell sb who has had an accident, for example breaking sth, that it does not matter and they should not worry
▪ by accident
in a way that is not planned or organized
OPP on purpose , deliberately :
We met by accident at the airport.
Helen got into acting purely by accident.
⇨ more at chapter , wait v.
1 by accident in a way that is not planned or intended 偶然，意外地 OPP on purpose, deliberately
I met her quite by accident (=completely by accident).
The discovery was made almost by accident.
The pilot, whether by accident or design (=whether it was planned or not planned), made the plane do a sharp turn.
→ See picture of 见图 accident
2 [countable] an event in which a car, train, plane etc is damaged and often someone is hurt 交通事故；车祸；失事
Over 70,000 people are seriously injured every year in road accidents.
The accident happened at the junction of Forest Road and Pine Walk.
a train accident
3 [countable] a situation in which someone is injured or something is damaged without anyone intending them to be 事故，意外事件
Ken had an accident at work and had to go to hospital.
I’m sorry about breaking the vase – it was an accident (=I did not intend to do it).
a climbing/skiing/hunting etc accident
He died in a climbing accident in the Himalayas.
She was injured in a freak accident (=an unusual accident) when a wall suddenly collapsed.
I had a slight accident with your coffee.
They lost their lives in a tragic accident.
4 [countable, uncountable] something that happens without anyone planning or intending it 意外事件
My third baby was an accident.
It is no accident that men fill most of the top jobs in nursing, while women remain on the lower grades.
an accident of birth/geography/history etc (=an event or situation caused by chance) 出生/地理/历史等的偶然
5. accidents (will) happen spoken used to tell someone who has broken something that they should not worry that it has happened 意外事情在所难免，不小心总是有的
6 an accident waiting to happen used about a situation in which an accident is likely to happen because no one is trying to prevent it 肯定会出的事故
The boats are being left to drift; it’s an accident waiting to happen.
1.N-COUNT 可数名词交通事故；车祸 An accident happens when a vehicle hits a person, an object, or another vehicle, causing injury or damage.
She was involved in a serious car accident last week…
Six passengers were killed in the accident.
2.N-COUNT 可数名词（不幸的）意外遭遇，不测事件;事故 If someone has an accident, something unpleasant happens to them that was not intended, sometimes causing injury or death.
5,000 people die every year because of accidents in the home…
The police say the killing of the young man was an accident.
3.N-VAR 可变名词意外；偶然 If something happens by accident, it happens completely by chance.
【搭配模式】：usu by N
She discovered the problem by accident…
Almost like an accident of nature, this family has produced more talent than seems possible.
4.PHRASE 短语可能发生意外的事物（或人） If you describe something or someone as an accident waiting to happen, you mean that they are likely to be a cause of danger in the future, for example because they are in poor condition or behave in an unpredictable way.
A lot of the city’s buildings are accidents waiting to happen.
5.PHRASE 短语并非偶然;事出有因 You begin a sentence with ‘it’s no accident’ if you want to suggest that something was done deliberately or has a logical explanation, although it might give the impression of having happened by chance.
【搭配模式】：usu PHR that
It’s no accident that the boom in police series on TV coincided with the decline of the Western.
plural accidents [count] 1
: a sudden event (such as a crash) that is not planned or intended and that causes damage or injury事故；意外遭遇
We got in a car accident. = We had a car accident.
a traffic accident
a fatal accident
a motorcycle accident
He was injured in an accident at work.
The accident happened when her car slid on a patch of ice.
Investigators are still trying to determine the cause of the accident.
“I’m sorry that I broke the bowl.” “That’s OK. It was just an accident.” = “That’s OK. Accidents will happen.”
◊ An accident waiting to happen is a person or thing that is dangerous or unsafe.危险人物危险事件
My brother is the clumsiest person I know. He’s just an accident waiting to happen.
: an event that is not planned or intended : an event that occurs by chance意外；偶发事件
Their meeting was an accident.
It is just an accident that they arrived when they did.
She says that her pregnancy was an accident.
His wealth is a mere accident of birth. [=he is wealthy only because he was born into a wealthy family] 他之所以富有仅仅是因为他碰巧生在了有钱人家。
He says that no one is to blame for his illness. It was just an accident of nature. [=something that happened naturally] 他说自己的病谁也不能怪，只是凑巧赶上了。
It is no accident that the assistant he hired is so good-looking. [=he deliberately chose a good-looking person to be his assistant] 他雇了一个长得那么漂亮的助理绝不是偶然。
: in a way that is not planned or intended偶然；碰巧
They met by accident. [=by chance] 他们碰巧遇上了。
She says that she became pregnant by accident. [=unintentionally] 她说她意外怀孕了。
Scientists discovered the vaccine almost/quite/entirely by accident.
Did it happen by accident [=accidentally] or by design?